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Four planets come next of diminutive size,
Too small, without aid, to be seen with our eyes:
But the telescope proves of what nature they are,
And discovers their motions as viewed from afar.
In order comes Vesta, then Juno, then Ceres,
Whose order to Pallas exceedingly near is ;
But these Asteroids no more shall absorb,
The attention now due unto Jupiter's orb.


Enlightened by Sol with refulgence he smiles,
Though distant near five hundred millions of miles :
His splendor the Heavens is ever adorning
As the jewel of eve, as the herald of morning.
His diameter ninety-one thousand is found,

He in less than ten hours his own axis turns round:
His magnificent globe as it plainly appears,
Revolves round the Sun in near twelve of our years;
Cloudy belts cross his surface in parallel lines,
Yet through them the planet with brilliancy shines.
His constant companions, to cheer the dark night,
Four Satellites lend him their regular light:
That they truly revolve, by our glasses is seen,
In their periods or months from two days to sixteen.


Now far beyond Jupiter on we advance
And find a whole system of worlds at a glance.
Seven Moons around Saturn transcendantly shine,
Preserved in their orbit by impulse divine.

Nine hundred of millions from Sol he's removed,
So their nightly assistance is constantly proved.
When measured, the breadth of this planet is great,
In thousands of miles it is seventy-eight:
Twenty-nine and a half of our years must be run
Ere Saturn his journey performs round the Sun;
In fourteen to twelve hours the Astronomers say,
This planet's rotation completes his own day :
But that which most singular makes him appear
Is two luminous rings which encompass his sphere;
It would seem that this splendour of radiance bound him,
As detached from his orb they revolve both around him.
Heaven does not present a more beautiful sight
Than this planet-his rings and his moon seen at night.


But, as further we penetrate heavenly regions,
When the stars are abounding in multiplied legions,
We meet with a planet of magnitude vast,
Which of those yet discovered is reckoned the last.
Call it Uranus, Herschell, or Georgium-sidus,
A sight of his disc without help is denied us.
But when brought by the aid of the telescope near
His surface is manifest, beauteous, and clear.
Eighteen hundred millions removed from the Sun,
It is eighty-four years ere his orbit is run,
Thirty-four thousand miles in his breadth 'tis maintained,
Of his motions diurnal no knowledge is gained.
Six bright beaming moons shed their rays o'er his night,
Like himself from the Sun, all deriving their light.


But still we pursue Astronomical song,
As not planets alone to our system belong.
Many hundreds of Comets, in orbits most strange,
By solar attraction obediently range,
With their fringes of hair, their long fiery tails,
Whenever they're seen admiration prevails:
But their lengthened elliptical paths in the sky
The powers of Astronomy seem to defy.
So short is their stay, they escape observation
On which we can ground a correct calculation.
They've so come and so gone, so appear'd and so vanished,
That successful prediction they've hitherto banished.


To the system named Solar, I call your attention,

Of the stars which are fixed I shall now waive the mention.
But while their instruction I have sought to impart,
I have wished to inspire the best thoughts in your heart.
With deep veneration, O lift up your eyes

And contemplate these works of the God of the skies:
He formed them, he governs, he guides every motion,
And by them he summons each soul to devotion.
The firmament sheweth the work of his hand,
Such wisdom and power adoration command.
Each planet revolves, and each comet appears,
To exalt the great God of our days and our years.
Not a star but its lustre shall loudly proclaim
The magnificent praise of his excellent name.
Join the chorus above, and let glory be given
To him that directs both ou earth and in heaven.

Many advantages were obtained by the introduction of popular science into my friend's family circle as an amusement; a dislike of low and vulgar pursuits was inspired, an occupation found for every moment, and materials procured for useful conversation in their private intercourse: full employment and improving pursuits are favorable to morality and religion; nor is it necessary to allow children, even in their pastimes, to be more childish than a childish age requires. The notion is injurious to them, that a waste of time is felicity, and its profitable employment an ungrateful necessity. Nor can eminence be expected in anything in which the heart is not engaged. It should therefore be the constant effort of a teacher to interest while he instructs, and to bring the hour of recreation into unison with that of the school room, making it subservient to it. It was my friend's anxious desire and sedulous endeavour to get the heart on the side of truth, to infuse an innocent prepossession in its favour, and make duty enjoyment. It was often said by the members of his family, "We love religion, because we see papa so lovely and happy under its influence !"


• A man's nature runs either to herbs or weeds, therefore let him seasonably water the one and destroy the other.-Bacon.

WITH SO many resources of innocent and improving amusement, Mr. R.'s young people felt no regret at the interdict which their father placed on all games of chance, on fishing, field sports, dancing, the theatre, oratorios, and other sources of gratification, which he thought to be inconsistent with the spirit of religion, connected with much evil, and a preparation for it. I have heard him say, " Even where there is no positive evil, I think it important to draw a strong line of demarcation between the church and the world. The mixed multitude set the Israelites a lusting after the flesh-pots of Egypt; and evil communications never fail to corrupt good manners. There may be no sin in dancing, but it is a preparation for appearing hereafter where I think there is scarcely any thing else. Cards are a waste of time which may be much better employed, and they are too nearly allied to the gaming-table; which fills me with horror. To field sports I have a still more decided objection: they are defended on the ground of promoting health; but whatever benefit the body may receive, it is at the expense of the soul. I know not on what principles a man can justify the taking away life for his amusement: God allows him to kill animals for food, or to destroy them when they prove an annoyance to him; but I can find no authority in the Bible for deriving enjoyment in the infliction of a cruel death;-it is

right founded on might,-a mere act of tyranny, and an abuse of power. The man who should whip a beast to death or cut him up alive, like an Abyssinian savage, would be deemed a monster; yet the same man may hunt to death, and halloo, and exult with satisfaction, while his dogs are tearing to pieces a defenceles animal, and yet be considered a gentleman and a Christian. Then there are the after-events of the day;-and surely to spend five or six hours in the evening commending the bark of a cur, or descanting on the movements of a fox to elude his pursuers, is unworthy an intelligent being, even if there were no worse accompaniments."

I asked him if he thought shooting equally objectionable. He replied:"Shooting may not issue in all the results of hunting; but I should be miserable all the while my boys were scampering over the fields with a gun. Sad accidents are continually occurring from letting young people carry fire arms; but my great objection to all these sports is the same; I cannot think it right to seek gratification in inflicting suffering and death. I know that God has given us the creatures for our sustenance, and it is lawful to use them to this end; but with my views and principles, I find it hard to conceive a right-minded man feeling pleasure while he inflicts pain. He would rather be disposed to say with an old writer, "I can never eat my dinner when I remember that I am living by the death of a creature which my sin has destroyed." As for exercise, we might surely find other pursuits for this purpose. There appears to me the same delusion in the argument which has sometimes been employed to defend shooting, as in that which is urged by card-players, we must have a stake, however small, or we shall lose all interest in the game.— Surely we might walk as far and as long as we

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