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Terms of office; compensation.
Who not eligible.
thirty members, until the year eighteen hundred and eighty, after which time the number of members of each house shall be regulated by law: but the number of representatives shall never exceed one hundred, nor that of senators thirty-three. The sessions of the legislature shall be biennial, except as otherwise provided in this constitution. (See chapter 5, "Apportionment," Comp. Stat. 58.)
SEC. 4. The terms of office of members of the legislature shall be two years, and they shall each receive for their services three dollars for each day's attendance during the session, and ten cents for every mile they shall travel in going to and returning from the place of meeting of the legislature on the most usual route; Provided however, That they shall not receive pay for more than forty days at any one session; and neither members of the legislature nor employes shall receive any pay or perquisites other than their pay per diem and mileage.
SEC. 5. No person shall be eligible to the office of senator or member of the house of representatives, who shall not be an elector, and have resided within the dirtrict from which he is elected for the term of one year next before his election, unless he shall have been absent on the public business of the United States, or of this state. And no person elected as aforesaid shall hold his office after he shall have removed from such district.
SEC. 6. No person holding office under the authority of the United States, or any lucrative office under the authority of this state, shall be eligible to or have a seat in the legislature; but this provision shall not extend to precinct or township officers, justices of the peace, notaries public, or officers of the militia; nor shall any person interested in a contract with, or an unadjusted claim against the state, hold a seat in the legislature.
SEC. 7. The session of the legislature shall com- Sessions, when mence at twelve o'clock (noon) on the first Tuesday in of each house. January, in the year next ensuing the election of members thereof, and at no other time, unless as provided by this constitution. A majority of the members elected to each house shall constitute a quorum. Each house shall determine the rules of its proceedings, and be the judge of the election returns, and qualifications of its members; shall choose its own officers; and the senate shall choose a temporary president to preside when the lieutenant-governor shall not attend as president, or shall act as governor. The secretary of state shall call the house of representatives to order at the opening of each new legislature, and preside over it until a temporary presiding officer thereof shall have been chosen and shall have taken his seat. No member shall be expelled by either house, except by a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to that house, and no member shall be twice expelled for the same offense. Each house may punish by imprisonment any person, not a member thereof, who shall be guilty of disrespect to the house, by disorderly or contemptuous behavior in its presence, but no such imprisonment shall extend beyond twenty-four hours at one time, unless the person shall persist in such disorderly or contemptuous behavior.
SEC. 8. Each house shall keep a journal of its pro- Journals to be ceedings, and publish them (except such parts as may require secrecy), and the yeas and nays of the members on any question shall, at the desire of any two of them, be entered on the journal. All votes in either house shall be viva voce. The doors of each house and of [the] committee of the whole shall be open, unless when the business shall be such as ought to be kept secret. Neither house shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days. ( Neb., 505.) (t
SEC. 9. Any bill may originate in either house of Bills.
Enacting clause of laws.
Bills to be read when. Laws,
the legislature, except bills appropriating money, which shall originate only in the house of representatives, and all bills passed by one house may be amended by the other.
SEC. 10. The enacting clause of a law shall be, "Be it enacted by the legislature of the state of Nebraska," and no law shall be enacted except by bill. No bill shall be passed unless by assent of a majority of all the members elected to each house of the legislature. And the question upon the final passage shall be taken immediately upon its last reading, and the yeas and nays shall be entered upon the journal.
SEC. 11. Every bill and concurrent resolution how amended. shall be read at large on three different days in each house, and the bill and all amendments thereto shall be printed before the vote is taken upon its final passage. No bill shall contain more than one subject, and the same shall be clearly expressed in its title. And no law shall be amended unless the new act contains the section or sections so amended, and the section or sections so amended shall be repealed. The presiding officer of each house shall sign, in the presence of the house over which he presides, while the same is in session and capable of transacting business, all bills and concurrent resotions passed by the legislature. (1 Neb., 194; 4 Neb.,
354, 507; 5 Neb., 276, 310, 515; 6 Neb., 33, 234, 484, 509; 7 Neb., 179, 412; 8 Neb., 38; 9 Neb., 128, 491, 511; 10 Neb., 279, 299, 477; 13 Neb., 9, 14, 122, 254.)}
SEC. 12. Members of the legislature, in all cases except treason, felony or breach of the peace, shall be privileged from arrest during the session of the legislature, and for fifteen days next before the commencement and after the termination thereof.
SEC. 13. No person elected to the legislature shall receive any civil appointment within this state, from the
governor and senate during the term for which he has been elected. And all such appointments, and all votes given for any such member for any such office or appointment, shall be void. Nor shall any member of the legislature, or any state officer, be interested, either directly or indirectly, in any contract with the state, county, or city, authorized by any law passed during the term for which he shall have been elected, or within one year after the expiration thereof.
SEC. 14. The senate and house of representatives, Impeachin joint convention, shall have the sole power of im- tried. peachment, but a majority of the members elected must concur therein. Upon the entertainment of a resolution to impeach by either house, the other house shall at once be notified thereof, and the two houses shall meet in joint convention for the purpose of acting upon such resolution within three days of such notification. A notice of an impeachment of any officer other than a justice of the supreme court, shall be forthwith served upon the chief justice by the secretary of the senate, who shall thereupon call a session of the supreme court to meet at the capital within ten days after such notice to try the impeachment. A notice of an impeachment of a justice of the supreme court shall be served by the secretary of the senate upon the judge of the judicial district within which the capital is located, and he thereupon shall notify all the judges of the district court in the state to meet with him within thirty days at the capital, to sit as a court to try such impeachment, which court shall organize by electing one of its number to preside. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members of the court of impeachment, but judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than removal from office and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, profit or trust in this state, but the party impeached,
whether convicted or acquitted, shall nevertheless be liable to prosecution and punishment according to law. No officer shall exercise his official duties after he shall have been impeached and notified thereof, until he shall have been acquitted. (3 Neb., 464.)
SEC. 15. The legislature shall not pass local or special laws in any of the following cases, that is to say: For granting divorces.
Changing the names of persons or places.
Laying out, opening, altering, and working roads or highways.
Vacating roads, town plats, streets, alleys, and public grounds.
Locating or changing county seats.
Regulating county and township offices.
Regulating the practice of courts of justice. Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of justices of the peace, police magistrates, and constables.
Providing for changes of venue in civil and criminal
Incorporating cities, towns, and villages, or changing or amending the charter of any town, city, or village. Providing for the election of officers in townships, incorporated towns or cities.
Summoning or empaneling grand or petit.juries. Providing for the bonding of cities, towns, precincts, school districts, or other municipalities.
Providing for the managment of public schools.
The opening and conducting of any election, or designating the place of voting.
The sale or mortgage of real estate belonging to minors or others under disability.
The protection of game or fish.
Chartering or licensing ferries or toll bridges.
Remitting fines, penalties, or forfeitures.