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OF PHILADELPHIA. This Company furnishes ALL DESIRABLE FORMS OF LIFE AND ENDOWMENT INSURANCE at actual NET Cost. It is PURELY MUTUAL; has ASSETS OF THIRTY MILLIONS and a SURPLUS of over 372 MILLIONS. Its POLICIES ARE NON-FORFEITABLE AND INCONTESTABLE. President, Vice-President,
Secretary and Treasurer, HARRY F. WEST. GEORGE K. JOHNSON.
HENRY C. BROWN.
J. T. JACKSON & CO., Real Estate Brokers,
No. 711 WALNUT ST., PHILA.
Rents, Sales, Mortgages, etc., etc.
PETER WRIGHT & SONS
Allows Interests on Deposits,
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305-307 WALNUT ST., PHILAD’A. LETTERS OF CREDIT for Travelers.
FOREIGN EXCHANGE bought and sold. The purchase and sale of Prime Investment Securities a Specialty.
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Historical Collections Relating to Gwynedd. First Edition, 1885.—Second Edition, 1897. Octavo, 464 pages.
With 8 Illustrations, including 3 original Etchings, by
Philadelphia, Pa. Price, $4.00 net. (Postage, 23 cents.)
Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. “ We have received a copy of the second edition of this valuable contribution to our local history and genealogy. Within a few years after the issue of the first edition, in 1884, it became exhausted, and the author has now responded to the call for a second edition, which has long been wanted.
The ramifications of the families who settled at Gwynedd and vicinity are so extensive that in all probability this edition will be exhausted as rapidly as the first.”'
The Literary Era, Philadelphia.
(Genealogical Department, Edited by Thomas Allen Glenn.) “We believe that local histories seldom attain the honor of a second edition, except when especially valuable as a strong sidelight upon the times they represent, or when they contain original genealogical material not obtainable elsewhere. Mr. Jenkins's book is rich in both elements, and shows evidence of laborious and scholarly research. The book treats of a most interesting and picturesque event, the settlement of the Welsh in Pennsylvania.
“Penn” in The Evening Bulletin rdelphia. “On this work, when finne
ad expended much research, and the result is
at all that is most interesting and worth knowing in the annals on the substantial Welsh race and their descendants who peopled this part of Montgomery county.
W. W. H. Davis, Historian, in Doylestown Democrat. "We do not hesitate to say that · Historical Collections Relating to Gwynedd is the most interesting township history we have met with.
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KENNETT SQUARE, PENNA. Under the Care of Friends. Begins its 23d Year, Ninth
Month 6, 1897. Primary, Intermediate, and Academical Departments. A day school for both sexes. Good boarding in suitable homes at reasonable rates. Prepares for college, business, or teaching. For Catalogues, address,
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Friends' Academy, LOCUST VALLEY, LONG ISLAND. A Boarding and Day School for Boys and Girls, under the care of Friends.
Thorough instruction to fit for business or to enter college. Board and tuition $150 per school year. New Building with modern conveniences. For particulars, address PRINCIPAL FRIENDS' ACADEMY,
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The building is modern, and the location is the hill country thirty-two miles north of New York City. For Circulars, address CHAPPAQUA MOUNTAIN INSTITUTE,
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NINTH MONTH 2714, 1897. The rooms are open daily, except First-days, from 8.30 a. m. to 9.30 p. m., and Friends are cordially invited to avail themselves of the facilities afforded, those from without the city and young Friends boarding in the city being particularly desired to do so. The rooms are designed to be A CENTRE FOR INFORMATION ON ALL FRIENDLY
A GOOD WORD EACH WEEK.
omy purports to be. That science does not aspire to VI.
be a sufficient guide for human action. It merely at
tempts to discover what it can of the facts about GOD, who caused light to shine in this outward
wealth; and even in its preliminary assumption that world, hath judged it necessary to cause the light of his
men will do what it is their interest to do, it does not Spirit to shine inwardly in the heart; and this gives the
pretend that no exceptions and qualifications exist to knowledge of the Scriptures, and the true sense and dis- this, and is very far indeed from asserting that this cerning of inward and spiritual things.
ought or ought not to be the dominant motive. InISAAC PENINGTON.
deed the ethical “ought" has nothing to do with a
science which investigates what exists, simply. A From a Letter to a friend on the Gospel, the Scriptures, etc.
theory of wealth-production may indeed tell us what course of action will be financially safe or profitable.
It does not bid us adopt that course, which may be THE VOICE ABOVE.
forbidden by higher considerations. Lost on the drift, and where the full clouds flow
But in 1860, when Ruskin began his campaign by The steep above him looms,
contributing "Unto This Last” to the And strong winds out of the distant regions blow
Cornhill The snow in streaming plumes,
Magazine," claims were made for Political Economy And yawns the gulf of the crevasse below
which are now abandoned. The expansion of EngIn sapphire glows and glooms.
lish manufactures under Free Trade seemed to be a Along the precipice there is no way
kind of Promised Land to which the nation had been That he may surely tread,
led by obeying the economic lawgivers, after sufferSlight is his foothold on the slippery stay That trembles to his tread,
ing forty years in the desert of Protection; and so the And chill and terrible the dying day
dicta of the science were exalted into a sort of Sinaitic Fails fast about his head.
Tablet of Stone, wherewith to regulate all actions, Could he but hear some lowing of the herd,
public and private, dealing with business or with charSome mountain bell ring clear,
ity. A stony commandment truly. Thus exalted, it If some familiar sound one moment stirred
made the narrowest, most inhuman creed that ever To guide him lost in fear !
turned sour the native milk of human kindness, or He dares not move, --some beckoning, leading word Alas! could he but hear !
raised indignant protest from outraged hearts. What!
Ignore all motives but self-interest, and let the weak In those waste places of the earth and dim
one die in uncared-for pain, as judiciously provided No star shines forth at all,Through awful loneliness enshrouding him
by economic nature, as but one more case of economic He gives one shuddering call,
friction! Let us settle everything by unfettered comWhile horror of great darkness seems to swim
petition, that is, by cunning war with our next door And fold him in its pall.
neighbor; let no intrusive charity spoil Nature's so Then like blown breath of music in the height
successful Laissez-Faire. Let us bow to hard fate A cry comes far and low,
and prudently approximate in our personal character He thrills, he springs, he gathers all his might,. He feels new pulses glow !
to the measure of the standard of the fulness of the His Father's voice—he needs nor sense nor sight, economic man, shrewd, laborious, passionless, selfish He knows the way to go!
with the unconscious selfishness of a machine. -Harriet Prescott Spofford, in Harper's Magasine.
Against this degraded ideal rose Ruskin's cry. His
cause was a good one, and his message needed. It For Friends' Intelligencer.
was briefly to the effect that the life is more than meat, JOHN RUSKIN.
and the body than raiment; that men and nations must BY JOHN WILLIAM GRAHAM.
press forward to the mark for the prize of a righteous II.-HIS POLITICAL ECONOMY.
and wholesome life; it is a plea for mercy and helpfulRUSKIN's economic crusade is the central act of his ness and enlightened patriotism, a warning of unmiticareer. His attack on the political economists con- gated directness to do as we would be done by, and stitutes one of the most curious and puzzling incidents to be guides' rather than exploiters of the workman in the history of modern thought. We are now per- and the foreigner. Sweet family life, manly work, haps in a position to appraise the measure of truth and strenuous and self-denying endeavor, and a heart at misconception on both sides of the great controversy. peace; these (he said) are your national riches. Need Certainly Ruskin, and perhaps his opponents too, I point out how he finds the words of evangelist and were under a primary error as to what Political Econ- prophet ready to his hand?
But his method of attack was unfortunate. He Wages," or Art, or Education, or Coinage, as the case flew at John Stuart Mill as though he were the incar- | might be. Ever promising, ever hoping, struggling nation of the devil's own selfishness. By this method, manfully, if so be by a tour-de-force of genius he might though his readers catch the always interesting odor do his self-appointed task, storm the whole citadel, so of battle, he raised up many mockers, confused the al- many bits of which so many men were patiently unready tangled issues and darkened counsel; and, it is dermining—to extend economics into a universal Gosto be feared, finally ruined in the strife his own health pel—and only finding after all that the bye issues into and nerves. People who knew that economics was no which a complete guide to human action, public and deception but an approximately true science, were private, would have to go, were too many for him. stumbled at the abrupt message of Elijah from the For indeed a science must have its limitations at wilderness. The outcry was so great that the editor each end, must assume certain things to begin with, of the “Cornhill ” and the publisher of “Fraser" were as physics assumes mathematics, and mathematics obliged to ask him to write no more. The man who metaphysics. And it must limit also its subject mathad been everybody's darling as an art critic was now ter in some definite way. The subject of economics mentioned with a smile of superior pity.
is material wealth. But Ruskin replies, "There is no And yet the prophet was right, as well as the econ- wealth but life. Life, including all its powers of love, omist; only his books are not economics at all—they of joy and of admiration. That country is the richest are something better; they are ethics—ethical essays which nourishes the greatest number of noble and of an unsystematic kind, on social subjects. And we, happy human beings; that man is richest who, having now-a-days, read them with no diminished interest, , perfected the functions of his own life to the utmost, for they point to an ideal of citizenship which we shall has also the widest helpful influence, both personal, certainly never reach by obeying the maxim that and by means of his possessions, over the lives of oth“Business is business."
ers." All this is true, but is beyond the economist's This original error in method led to a further pecu- task. liarity of form--particularly in "Munera Pulveris.” It is a remarkable sight this; genius working the The existing economic manuals being shallow and er- tread-mill of patient science. The opposite phenomroneous, Ruskin felt that he must write a better one, enon is commoner; where dull people are set to do the in which he would give due force and due honor to stimulating, to speak the words that ought to thrill. generous impulses-give some better guide to practi- We are familiar with fustian eloquence and convencal duty, and show how men in producing and dis- tional inspiration, and machine-made prophecy. Men tributing the fruits of the earth, may best order happy are apt to crowd into the higher activities. Johnson lives. He begins thus: “Political economy regulates writing his Dictionary, Carlyle groaning over his the acts and habits of a society, with reference to the Cromwell Letters and Speeches, are not so touching means of its maintenance. It is neither an art nor a as that poetess—if I may break through language to science; but a system of conduct and legislature, express my meaning—that poetess, John Ruskin, atfounded on the sciences, directing the arts, and im- tempting to lay down by intuition a law of wages, and possible, except under certain conditions of moral cul- dealing with Malthus by permitting men to marry at ture." And then, not by years of study, not by patient the fixed age of 30, under a State-permit, granted for accumulation of facts and sifting of statistics, not by good conduct and efficiency. comparing land tenures and wage lists, and investigat- And now, after all, let me recommend all young, ing trades unions and clearing house returns, but by all earnest people, all souls of a pure enthusiasm to sheer force of genius, by intuitive meditation in the read carefully “Time and Tide,” which is the most valleys of Savoy, with a chance newspaper extract or sketchy and fantastic, “Munera Pulveris," "Unto two for text, and for argument and illustration, long | This Last," and chiefly “The Crown of Wild Olive.” discursive examination of remote etymological con- I think this is Ruskin's very best book. Every paranections, and the significance of Greek myths and the graph is a triumph of art, of peerless and perfect prose, parables of Dante, did Ruskin attempt a systematic full of humor and all delight. No one who has really treatise on Economics. The sweet songster of the appreciated it can hereafter be quite ignorant of what sky descended from his soaring flight, and took to dig- | is good and bad in style, or true and delicate in feeling. ging—a skylark with draggled soil-stained feathers, Mr. Ruskin's conviction of the wickedness of the toiling at mud pies. The winged Pegasus had taken economic theory of wisdom and duty was abundantly to ploughing. What wonder that the furrows struck confirmed by the evil products of much that was done off suddenly at right angles, and that Pegasus and his under orthodox economic sanction. He fought broken plough were at times found, strayed and tan- against the extension of railways and against steam gled, among the thickets where the flowers grew. machinery. His attitude about railways may be
“Munera Pulveris" contains what were to have gleaned from the following: been the definitions only of the new treatise. No more “ You have despised Nature : that is to say, all the deep and of it has ever appeared, nor ever will. Pathetic, in- sacred sensations of natural scenery. The French Revolutiondeed, it is, to read over and over again in these books
ists made stables of the Cathedrals of France, you have made such sentences as this: “I have not time fully to work
race-courses of the cathedrals of the earth. Your one conception
of pleasure is to drive in railroad carriages round their aisles and this out here, but it shall all be carried out to its legiti
eat off their altars. You have put a railroad bridge over the Falls mate conclusion in its due place, when I come to of Schafhausen. You have tunnelled the cliffs of Lucerne by