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Yearly Cards in INTELLIGENCER: Half inch, $10. One inch, $20.

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533 North ELEventh STREET, Philadelphia.

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A FRIEND, EXPERIENCED, WANTS POSItion as companion and assistant to an elderly lady, or care of an invalid. Address ELLEN BRADWAY,

Woodstown, N. J.


wishes a position as managing housekeeper, or any position of trust. Call, or address A. R., North side of Mill St., second house above York Road, Germantown, Philadelphia.

AN INDUSTRIOUS, TEMPERATE, RELIABLE young man, Friend, desires a position with reliable

firm. Good reference. Address D. MOORE, 415

Linden Street, Camden, N. J.


ness experience, desires position in office, or one

with responsibility. Small salary. Address No. 56, this Office.

OTHER'S HELP.—WANTED A YOUNG WOman, with experience, to assist in the care of children, and in the house; city. Address No. 54, this Office.

OTHERLY ATTENTION AND CARE GIVEN to infant or older child, by a Friend, for $3.oo per



by usual method, personally or by mail. Eugene C. Lewis, 522 Walnut St., Phila.


board. Private family, near trolley, and three

minutes' walk from 52d Street Station, 1484 N, 55th street, West Philadelphia.


can be accommodated with rooms and board in a Friends’ family. One block from street cars passing railroad stations, Capitol, and public buildings. Terms, $1.5o a o, Address FRIEND, 1626 Nineteenth Street, N. W., Washington, D. C.

OR RENT. —TWELVE-ROOM, FURNISHED house. Rent partly taken out in board. Other boarders obtainable, or quiet home can be made. 328

W. FRONT ST., Media, Pa.

OR SALE.-HANDSOME HOUSE, CORNER Central Ave. and Chestnut St., East Moorestown, N. J. Property adjoins David Comfort's. House contains 13 rooms, with all modern conveniences, electric lights, and stable. Apply to H. W. WILLIAMS, Box 98, E. Moorestown, N. J.


years, bearing 4% per cent. interest payable semi

annually, and secured by mortgage on farm worth three

times that amount. Or will make contract to avoid

double taxation and net the investor 4 per cent. with ample security. Reference, New Vienna Bank.

New Vienna, Óhio.

REVENTEENTH ST., PHILA., 1423 NORTH. Newly papered and painted. Modern improve

ments. Rooms and board, or rooms without board. Terms reasonable. Friends’ family.

PUBLIC SALE Of a 132-Acre Farm, 7th-day, 11th Month 19, 1898.

Located in London Grove township, Chester county,

Pa., within five minutes walk to Friends' London Grove meeting-house, convenient to schools, stores, etc., two miles to station on P. and B. C. Railroad. A good ten room brick and stone house, large stone barn and other out-buildings. The land is well watered and the farm one of the best and most desirable in Chester Co.

Sale at Io o’clock.

For further particulars, call on or address the owners, H. J. MoRRIs, MARY L. PENNock; S. ADDIE PENNock, Coatesville, Pa.

Address D., Box 43, Woods

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POEM : SURSUM CORDA, . . . . . . . . 795
OLDEN TIME,” . . . . . . . . . 795
XII. Helpful Charity for Children. By
Bertha Janney, (Conclusion), . . . . . 796
FROM HER MEMOIR, . . . . . . . 797
No. 46. Oaths, . . . . . . . . . . . 798
EDITORIAL : ‘. . . .
Hold Meetings Where Friends Are, . . 8oo
Notes, . . . . . . . . . . . . 800, 8or
BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, DEATHS, . . . . . . 801


Easton and Saratoga H. Y. M., . . . . 802 The San Francisco Meeting, . . . . . 8o3 Notes, . . . . . . . e & & © e . . . 8o3 THE LESSON LEAVES, . . . . . . . . . 8o3 FAITHFUL WITNESS-BEARING, . . . . . 804 THE JOEL BEAN CASE, . . . . . . . . 804 CONFERENCEs, ASSOCIATIONS, ETC., . . . 805 EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT, . . . . . . 8O6 LITERARY NOTES, . . . . . . . . . . . 806

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Roberts, Foulke, Bolton, Strauwn, Penrose, Morris, Green, Shaw, Edwards, Heacock, Thomas, Thomson, Hallowell, Johnson, Ambler, Lester, Jamison, Spencer, and other families. -

The chapter, “Records of Richland Meeting,” is well worth the cost of the book to descendants of Richland Friends.

Price #3. In pamphlet form, $2.5o. On and after the first of the new year, the price will be advanced to $5

each on all copies remaining. Orders, with the money, should be sent to #LW655 ROBERTS.

Norristown, Pa. N. B.. A few copies of “Lyrics of Quakerism” for sale at $1.25 each. so

The Pennhurst, . Michigan Avenue, Atlantic City, N. J. The house has every convenience, including

steam heat and an electric elevator running to level of pavement. Open all the year. Send

for illustrated booklet. * * * s' JAMES HOOD.

Please mention FRIENDS INTELLIGENCER, when answering Advertisements in it. This is of value to

J us and to the advertisers.

William S. Yarnall,

(Late of 1406 Chestnut St.)

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Established 1844. The Journal, 1873.


s Volume Lv. • Number 45.


- XLV. THERE is a Chinese proverb which says that “the light of Heaven cannot shine into an inverted bowl,” so we may say that Spiritual Truth cannot effectually enter a closed, unlowing, rebellious heart.

- From “A Reasonable Faith,” by “Three Friends,” the Chapter on “F undamental Religion.”


LIFT up your hearts, young men and maidens sweet

... Your hearts lift up, you in your perfect prime, ... And you whose eyes with gathering dimness greet Dear, faithful comrades of the elder time ! Lift up your hearts in hope and happy cheer For that great future which is drawing near !

It cannot be, it must not, shall not be That this dear land, won at such awful cost For Freedom's seat, men yet unborn shall see To all great things ingloriously lost. Our God shall keep the promise he has made . To those great hearts which on his law were stayed.

Not without us, O God, that promise be Kept for our children and their children's peace Take us, and mould us to thy high decree Through us thine honor and thy love increase ! ‘Not without us thy triumph shall be won : - Thy will, O God, thy will and ours be done ! • - . —John White Chadwick.



ONE of the most interesting and “quaint” figures among the early English Friends is that of John Roberts. He was a plain farmer of Gloucestershire, who had served in the army of Cromwell, but became a Friend, and died in 1683. His Memoir is one of the classics of the Friends, unique of its kind. It was written by his son Daniel, about 1725, and first published by Andrew Brice, a noted printer of Exeter, in Devonshire, in 1746; since then it has been frequently republished.

Some one sent Oliver Wendell Holmes a copy to read, a few years ago—1883—and the Doctor found it delightful. Returning it, he said in a brief note, which is prefixed to the volume now under notice, that he had read the book “with very great interest and real delight.” “It is so comforting,” he added, “to meet, even in a book, a man who is perfectly simple-hearted, clear-headed, and brave in all conditions. The story is so admirably told, too, dramatically, vividly. I assure you, you did not “A Quaker of the Olden Time: A Memoir of John Roberts.”

Illustrated. Prefatory Letter by the late Oliver Wendell Holmes. Pp. 518. Price, 6 shillings. London: Headley Brothers,

local Sissister. presently married. About

overestimate the exquisite pleasure the littlé book was to give me. It is as good as gold. My friend Whittier must know of it, of course. . I will talk it over with him the next time we meet.” Whether the two poets and friendly companions did discuss the book, next time they met, or not, does not appear in their published works, but undoubtedly Whittier knew John Roberts's Memoir well, and appreciated its qualities. For the Memoir truly has special and unusual literary attraction. A Friend reads it with pleased satisfaction ; any other reader, not too unsympathetic with the matter it contains, will be tolerably certain to be both entertained and impressed—if not so strongly as Dr. Holmes, at least in good measure. It is a graphic narrative of experience in a trying time, and it is enlivened on many pages by a word-for

word report of discussions on serious questions, put in

such terms that indeed he who runs may read, so cogently, so pertinently, so wittily, as is not often seen in books anywhere. Daniel says he wrote out these reports of the discussions as his father related them to him, and thus we are obliged to ascribe to John Roberts a mind of remarkable acuteness, and a tongue of unusual readiness. But withal he was a patient and steadfast Christian man. He was one of the early sufferers for Truth's sake. His name appears in Besse's lists, of course, though the Memoir presents his experiences in far greater detail than Besse. After leaving the Parliamentary army he returned, when the times became quiet, to the house of his father at Siddington, which is near Cirencester, His father was then dead, and John 1665 he became acquainted with the views of Friends, through the visit of two women preachers from the north of England. They “came out of the north to Cirencester, and enquired if there were any péople thereabouts who were seeking after the way to the Lord, and they were directed to my father as the likeliest person thereabouts to give them entertainment.” A meeting was held at John's house; it is a farm-house which still stands, after the lapse of two centuries and a quarter, at Siddington, and a picture of it is given in this volume. Later, John made acquaintance with Richard Farnsworth, “who was then a prisoner in Banbury jail,” for being a Quaker. Richard Farnsworth—who did not live long afterward—convinced John of Friends' views, and he remained faithful to them to the end of his life. - While the interest of the Memoir consists very largely in the spirited colloquies of John Roberts and . others, relative to the Friends, the Established Church,

and many collateral themes (some extracts from which

we propose to give, presently, in the INTELLIGENCER), there are, besides, many interesting incidents related, worship.”

and in the simple and vigorous English which his son Daniel employed they are seldom unimpressive. An early experience may be cited. After his conversion to Quakerism, John Roberts felt it laid on him to go to the parish church in Cirencester, “in the time of He went and stood in church without removing his hat ; the minister called attention to him and he was put out. Then, he—

“working a little in stillness found himself clear, and went away. And crossing the market-place in his way home, his shoe being unty'd, he stooped down to tie it, and while he was doing it there came a man behind him with a stone in his hand, and struck him a hard blow in the back, saying, ‘There ! take that for Jesus Christ's sake l’ He replied, “So I do,” not looking back to see who it was but went his way. Some few days after came a man to him to ask him forgiveness, and told him he was the unhappy man who gave him that blow on the back, and he could have no rest since he had done it ; which submission of the man, I have heard my father say, was a great confirmation to him that he was in the right way.” .

This edition of the Memoir has a considerable addition of explanatory and commentary matter. There are a Preface, a Prefatory Note, an Introduction, and twelve chapters on the Roberts family. This last is an interesting study of the conditions and circumstances in Gloucestershire, in the neighborhood of Siddington, in John Roberts's time, and is a valuable contribution to our knowledge of the situation of the early English Friends. This addition to the volume, in fact, makes one-half its bulk. It was prepared by Edmund T. Lawrence, the editor of the work, who unfortunately did not live to see his book through the press. . The book is illustrated, and has a good index. We strongly commend it as a suitable and valuable addition to our Friends' collections, private or general.

- XII. -
(Concluded from Last Week.)

FREE excursions by water have been for some years a feature of the work in cities whose situation made them possible. These mean the saving of life oftentimes; for the mother, who could not leave home for a longer time, can, in this way, give the baby a day by the sea, or on the bay. There are also Homes for Mothers and Infants together, where the babies can go, who are too young to leave their mothers. For those who must remain in the city, Play Grounds have been established in some unused yard or vacant lot, with a lady in charge to help in the play and direct it in the right way. Sometimes a kindergartner is engaged for this service, and so the winter's work is prepared for, or supplemented. In New York there is a Summer Kindergarten under the care of the Meeting, and they report the work as very satisfactory. It is certainly an excellent idea, for there must be very many children who can not go away at all, and of those who do go, only a few can stay more than two weeks. In this Kinder

garten they are more comfortable than they would be in the hot streets, and are safe from all harm, and are

at the same time unconsciously learning useful lessons.

One of the charities which means a great decrease in suffering, a great lift toward health, for old and young alike, is the institution of District Nursing, Cheer and Comfort. Relief from pain, and relief from uncleanliness, which follows too often in the train of sickness, all come with the nurse. No one enters so fully into the home, no visitor is more welcome. Taking the place of the mother when her hard worked hands are still, cheering the sad hearted watcher when some little one lies suffering through weary weeks ; cleaning up, or reading aloud, dressing wounds, or entertaining the baby; filling any vacant place, with no task too hard or too unpleasant, she comes with true help in the hour of need.

Members of our Society are helping through our various committees, or in connection with other

organizations along all these lines of work for

children; ifideed in all branches of philanthropic work we find them active and interested workers. Much of the work is so quietly done, we never hear of it, but it is, nevertheless, good work and often the most successful. No report can do it justice, because no searching can fully find it out. The children who are helped by all these charities belong largely to a class with vast social differences between its “courts" and its “streets,” its “one room in a tenement'' and its “four-roomed whole house ’’; but through all, its poverty is apparent, undisguised. Charity is accepted, even, in some cases, demanded as a right. There seems to be no thought of higher or better things, no wish to improve the surroundings. Generation after generation, the children grow up in an atmosphere of moral and physical impurity, and are utterly ignorant of any

other life. But there is another class much harder to .

reach ; where the parents, having “known better days,” strive against almost insurmountable obstacles, to bring up their children as they have been taught; country folk, oftentimes, who have come to some large city to look for work, and failing in that, have sunk lower and lower, struggling all the while to retain their old ideals. These we often long to help, but their inborn instinct of independence makes them refuse charity. Sometimes they will take, for their children's sake, what they would never accept for their own need; and so through the children, again, we reach the inner courts of homes whose poverty is as deep and terrible, as it is carefully concealed. Then there are children who have no homes, the real children of the streets, whose life is a problem indeed. - A. The newsboy who sells you a paper may be one of these, but do you stop and ask P If we do not know him through one of the channels of ordinary acquaintance, provided by the club or school, we pass him by. Should we not rather be the more careful

to find out about him and bring to him the possibility

of education ? A little more of this personal work is

what we need. In most of our large cities these various associa

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tions and societies are joined together for mutual help and good, reporting work to a Central Charity Organization Society. Some one has said of organized charity: “It is concerted action in neighborly service; the transformation of charitable chaos into an orderly and friendly neighborhood, where rich and poor consult together and unite their resources.” When rightly managed it is all this and more, and in

all cases, it is certainly a great step onward ; but the

system has its dangers too. Among those with

whom centralization is a ruling thought, there seems

to be a tendency toward a lack of consideration for the feelings of the applicants as individuals. We need to take a step upward now, and add love to science, hope to knowledge, and see if we cannot reach deep down into the very heart of the children whom we could help ; for we must win their trust and love, if we would have them learn our ways and follow our precepts. . . . - “The time needs heart—'tis tired of head ; We're all for love, – Later, a sweet Voice, ‘Love thy neighbor’ said; Then first the bounds of neighborhood outspread, Beyond all confines of old ethnic dread. ”

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Amos G. Warner, in his work on “American Charities,” endorses this opinion: “The work for dependent children is the most hopeful branch for charitable endeavor, in that it affords more possibilities of constructive work than any other line. In work for the aged, the sick, the deficient, even the unemployed, there is little else possible, than to make the best of unfortunate circumstances, to deal with palliatives, to brighten the individual lives, and to

prevent the misfortune from spreading. With children

on the other hand, especially for the quite young and tolerably healthy, there is a possibility of more positive results. The young life contains within itself the principle of growth, and may be enabled to expand into something actively useful.” - . . . .

This work for our Father's little ones is blessed work, and the results to those who earnestly and faithfully and prayerfully enter into it are full of

sweetness and hope. There are many who give time

and strength and life to this work, hoping for no earthly reward; to them the humble “God bless you,” from some grateful mother heart, comes like a benediction from the one who said, “Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom of heaven.” -


8 ;" the Memoir of Rachel Hicks, of Westbury, L.I., (1789– 1878). - • - IN 1828 the separation in New York Yearly Meeting occurred, which brought a close trial upon me, as many Friends, with my aged parent, whom I had loved almost to veneration, were of those called “Orthodox,’, who now left us, whom they termed “Hicksites.” Although I had taken no part in the controversy, I was sorely grieved, for I saw that differences of opinion separated very dear friends. My venerable father was sorrowful because I could not go with him; and I said in my heart, “How can it be that my Heavenly Father requires of me that which seems to be bringing down the gray hairs of my earthly parent with sorrow to the grave P”

Oh, how often, at these trying seasons, did, the language of the Holy Jesus, who declared that he “came to bear witness unto the truth,” revive in my mind “He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me”; and again, “Every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or

father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for.

my name's sake, shall receive an hundred-fold, and shall inherit everlasting life.” I felt that not only the good opinion of many I dearly loved was to be given up, but houses and lands also ; all of these I was made willing to resign for acceptance with my Father in Heaven through and by obedience to Christ, the power and wisdom of God in my soul; for in no other way could I see salvation in Christ. On account of this, when I lay on a bed of sickness, doubtful of recovery, I was told by eminent ministers that I was deluded and wandering from the right path, and could

not be saved unless I believed in the atoning blood of

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