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PHILADELPHIA, 921 ARCH STREET, SEVENTH MONTH 30, 1898.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY
Friends Central School,
ANNA W. SPEAKMAN, } Principals. Circulars on application.
Primary, Intermediate, High School, and College Preparatory Classes. Send for catalogue containing particulars,
references, and letters from parents. ARTHUR H. TOMLINSON, Principal.
ORDER OF SUBSCRIBER.
Meeting of Friends.
George School, Penna.
DESK ROOM TO LET, ROTHSCHILD BUILDFriends' Intelligencer Association,
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WHITE, PLYMOUTH ROCKS-EGGS FOR
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531 THE FATHERHOOD OF GOD, -by. Lyman.
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· 531 NON RESISTANCE,
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· 534 The house has been thoroughly renovated. It is well THE STANDARD OF THE TEACHER, .
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· 537 The house has every convenience, including FROM ELIZABETH POWELL BOND, · 538 steam heat and an electric elevator running to A CALIFORNIA LETTER,
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540 RICHMOND RAILROAD ARRANGEMENTS, · 541 CONFERENCES, ASSOCIATIONS, ETC., 541 LITERARY NOTES,
WM. W. BIRDSALL, President.
Under care of Friends. Send for Catalogue. POETRY: Threescore and Ten,
Chappaqua Mountain Institute,
BOYS AND GIRLS.
The building is modern, and the location is the hill
Chappaqua, New York,
Chelten Hills School, THE WALDENSES OF NORTH CAROLINA, . 542
FOR BOARDING AND DAY PUPILS, SUFFERING OF THE SPANISH PEOPLE, 543
will re-open September 21st, 1898, (17th year). Coilege MISCELLANY:
preparation. For circulars apply to the Principals.
ANNIE HEACOCK. " Thou Callest Me Friend'); It Begins at
LIDA R. LeMAISTRE.
FOR YOUNG LADIES. CURRENT EVENTS,
Near the beautiful borough of West Chester, Penn?. NEWS AND OTHER GLEANINGS,
546 Forty-second School Year commences Ninth month
12th next. Beautiful and healthy location. Grounds, 27 NOTICES,
acres. Mathematical, Scientific, Literary, and Linguistic
Courses of Study. Also an Art Department. New Gym-
nasium. This school has been uniformly successful for The Driftwood,
nearly half a century. Pupils from almost every State. OCEAN.CITY, N. J.
Eight instructors, mostly specialists. Terms, $190 a year.
For illustrated Catalogue address the Principal.
RICHARD DARLINGTON, Ph. D.
West Chester, Penna.
Thorough instruction to fit for business or to enter
Locust Valley, Long Island, N. Y.
WEST CHESTER (PA.) STATE NORMAL SCHOOL. Fits for teaching, college, professional schools, or business. Ideal location. High grade teachers and teaching. Buildings and equipment unsurpassed. Finest school gymnasium in America. $5 per week.
Address G. M. PHILIPS, Principal.
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Booklets written. S. EDWARD PASCHALL, arrive on the 20th, and will enjoy the Day of Rest and five minutes. Worship, with Friends of Richmond, on the 21st.
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Through arrangements made by the Local Committee important topic, as follows: of Richmond Friends, boarding and lodging accommo
JOHN FABER MILLER,
should be addressed on all points under this heading Practicing in Montgomery and Philadelphia counties. SECOND Session, AFTERNOON.
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CARPENTERS, BUILDERS, AND CONTRACTORS. Second SESSION, EIGHTH MONTH 24, A. M. are in charge of John Wm. Hutchinson, Park Depart
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9.00 dren, Principal George L. Maris, George School.
will close for the summer on SEVENTH-DAY, SIXTH Discussion : Agnes Woodman Gregg.
MONTH 18th, 1898. Any communications regarding
Association work should be addressed to
ELIZA H. WORRELL,
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Phila. (24th and Chestnut Sts.), 11.00
FORTHCOMING EVENTS IN THE
'), Discussion : Lua Mary Starr.
SOCIETY OF FRIENDS. Leave
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Cumberland, (Supper). Chairman's Opening Address. William M. Jackson,
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II.25 “ Religious Culture in the Home.” Isaac H. Clothier,
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3.00 a. m. Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. Arrive Cincinnati, (Breakfast),
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Tickets are good to return on any train by same route Ill., gth month 12. General Discussion.
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regular train as the requirements demand. For the
Ohio, 9th month 26..
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Baltimore, Ioth month 31.
YOUNG FRIENDS' ASSOCIATION ROOMS,
PHILADELPHIA, SEVENTH MONTH 30. 1898.
A GOOD WORD EACH WEEK.
I want you to consider with me a few moments this XXXI. morning what our Father
Not whether IF, in the manifold opportunities and duties that lie
the prophet was right or wrong, not whether God real
ly is our Father, but, assuming that he is, assuming around us we are content to inind our calling, and seek
that the relation of the Infinite and Eternal One to us to serve, as our forefathers served, we may look for a
men is best interpreted to us by the relation of a father grand resurrection of Quakerism.
to his child, I ask you to consider what that relationWILLIAM POLLARD. ship involves, what grows out of it.
In the first place, if God be our Father, there is a From his little book, “ Old Fashioned Quakerism." living person whom we can love and who loves us.
God is not an abstraction. He is not an intellectual “AS YE WOULD."
necessity. - He is not an Infinite and Eternal Energy. If I should see
Whatever we may think of his omniscience, and his A brother languishing in sore distress,
omnipotence and his omnipresence, however difficult And I should turn and leave him comfortless,
we may find it to reconcile these with personal relaWhen I might be
tions to ourselves, doubtless this Infinite and Eternal A messenger of hope and happinessHow could I ask to have what I denied
One is Father to us—that is, doubtless he is a living In my own hour of bitterness supplied ?
person who loves us and whom we love. This truth If I might share
of his personality has often been crudely put. It has A brother's load along the dusty way,
led to conceptions of God as a mere gigantic man, havAnd I should turn and walk alone that day
ing the same sort of limitations that belong to humanHow could I dare,
ity. But that is not necessary to his personality. If When in the evening watch I knelt to pray, To ask for help to bear my pain and loss,
he is our Father, he is not a somewhat, but he is a If I had heeded not my brother's cross ?
someone; he is a person who loves us, and whom we If I might sing
can love. A little song to cheer a fainting heart,
All that theology has to teach respecting the possiAnd I should seal my lips and sit apart,
bility of man is involved in that one sentence, DoubtWhen I might bring
less thou art our Father; all that theology has to teach A bit of sunshine for life's ache and smartHow could I hope to have my grief relieved ?
respecting the separation of man from his God is inIf I kept silent when my brother grieved ?
volved in that one sentence, Doubtless thou art our And so I know
Father. For one only has to think how far one is That day is lost wherein I fail to lend
from the divine ideal to know that one is a sinner, and A helping hand to some wayfaring friend;
that one must change one's life, that one may return But if it show
to one's Father. There is not a man so fallen but that A burden lightened by the cheer I sent, Then do I hold the golden hours well spent,
the elements of the divine still are there. Like the lost And lay me down in sweet content.
piece of money the woman was looking for in the dark, - Edith V. Bradt.
the image may be covered with dirt, and it may be so
obliterated that it can hardly be discerned, but it is From The Outlook, Seventh month 16.
there. Like the prodigal son who wandered away from THE FATHERHOOD OF GOD.
his father, the groping child may have strayed away
into a far country, and be in rags and wretchedness, “ Doubtless thou art our Father 2.- Isaiah lxiii., 16
but still he is the child of an infinite Father. This, you observe, is one of the certitudes of Scripture. I am not arguing to-day whether God is the unThe prophet is writing in a time of depression and dis- known and the unknowable or not; I am not arguing couragement; to the people Israel seems to have been to-day whether he has made a revelation or not, I am deserted by their God; they are in captivity; they do simply starting with this assumption, that the Infinite not understand it. Some of them have been inclined and Eternal One is a Father of the human race, and to abandon their God altogether and accept the wor- then I say, if that be so, we expect to find somewhere ship of other gods, and the prophet, in writing to them an unveiling or a disclosure of him to his children. We (though in form addressing Jehovah), says, in effect, might find it in the Shastra, or in the Sacred Books of There is a great deal that is mysterious and perplex-Confucius, or in the Vedas, or in the Koran—I will not ing; we do not understand why you have left us to say where—but somewhere we shall find some attempt harden our own hearts as you have; but there is one on the part of the great Father to make himself known thing we are certain of—“Doubtless thou art our to his children. He will not be content to remain the Father.”
unknown and the unknowable.
BY LYMAN ABBOTT.
But we shall ask more of our Father than that. We Certainly we shall not believe in a Father who shuts shall not merely be content that our Father make him- himself off from his children, who never hears his self known to us; we shall want, if we are true chil- children's cry, who never cares for his children's dren, and the Father will want, if he is a true Father, wishes. We shall think that perhaps it is enough for to come together, the Father with the child. The an institution to provide for the necessities of the orFather will come to the child and open the way for the phan, but we shall think it the duty of a father to care child to come to the Father.
for the wishes of his child. It is one thing to provide I do not say Fatherhood requires any particular for a child's wants, it is another thing to consult the form of coming or any particular revelation of pres- child's wishes; and every father does both. In his suence, but I do say, if God is our Father, then we have perior wisdom and his superior strength he provides a right to expect that he will have come into human for the wants; but that is not all: he consults the life; that he will come to us one by one, and that he will idiosyncrasies; he gives opportunities for the exprescome just in the measure that we are open and ready sion of the life; he meets in so far as he wisely and well for his coming. In other words, we shall look in all can, the desires; and he gives the child an opportunity human history to see if there is anywhere a manifest to express his desires. In other words, if we really appearance of this Father, any evidence that he has believe that God is our Father, we shall certainly bebeen in the world, any showing of his face. Herschel lieve in what we call prayer. We shall not believe that I think it was who located a before unknown star in everything we ask for is to be given to us; we shall not particular portion of the heavens, and looked for it and believe that God says, I relinquish my scepter into your found it. So somewhere in this erring humanity there hands before you have acquired wisdom to use it; but will be some bright particular star that shall bring with we shall believe that our Father takes into account our it a revelation not only, but the presence of the Father. wishes as well as our necessities, and listens to our deWe shall expect to find him. The Fatherhood of God sires as well as perceives our needs. We shall go to involves an expectation of incarnation. And we shall our Father, then, not as a subject goes to a king, not look for him in our own hearts and in our own homes as a man goes to the banker with a check, drawing out and in our own lives. We shall rather wonder that money through the cashier; we shall go to our Father he does not appear in visible sign and token than won- as children go to their father—in the spirit of personal der that he appears in spiritual presence and spiritual love and personal fellowship. sign and token. If we are able to say, Our Father, if Yes, I really think "our Father " is all the theology we really believe "doubtless he is our Father," we we want. But it seems to me that our Father" carshall believe that he is a present God in the world he ries with it all that we call evangelical theology, It has made, among the children who have come forth carries with it belief in a personal God; the sense of from him.
the divine in humanity; the consciousness that every Surely, if we believe that he is our Father, we shall man's character is measured by likeness to God; belief believe that he will care for our ignorance, our sor- in a revelation of God, in inspiration coming from God rows, and our sins; we shall believe that he sympa- to man, in a God who provides for the necessities of his thizes with us; we shall believe that he will help us out children; in a forgiving God; in the incarnation—God of iniquity into virtue; we sliall believe that he will lift dwelling in
and coming to
to be with his us up when we have fallen down. We shall not neces- children. It carries with it belief in the Holy Spiritsarily believe that he will remove all penalty and all ill the Spirit of God that enters into the spirits of men and consequences of ill conduct; we shall not necessarily dwells with them and lives with them and animates believe that he will be always striving to prevent us
them. It carries with it belief in the forgiveness of from suffering the consequences either of our blunders God toward men in their sins and their errors and their or our wrong-doing. We may think that a strong blindness. It carries with it belief in prayer—the heart and a wise father will often throw his son off upon his
of God reached by us. And it carries with it, above own resources, and say to him, Take care of yourself; all, this: that God comes into the world, not that he we shall think that a wise and strong father will often may bring death, not that he may stifle men, but that say to his son, Bear the consequences of your own mis- he may give them life and give it more abundantly. I conduct and learn by the consequences. But we shall think if we could take away doubt in the Fatherhood believe that, if he does this, he will do it because by
of God all doubts would be banished. If we could only, those evil consequences the child will learn, and that say,
Doubtless thou art our Father,” all the rest that the father will not forget nor be careless nor indiffer- is essential in Christian theology and all that is vital ent respecting his child because his child has done in Christian life would flow into our life and lie in our wrong; we shall believe that the father will forgive, thinking. "When ye pray, say 'Our Father ;'" when will cleanse, will purify, will give life to his child; we
hereafter you do say
“Our Father," God grant that shall believe in the Eternal Father as the eternally for- it may mean a little more to you than it has meant in giving one, or else we shall not believe that he is a Father at all. We may believe in him as a king, we may believe in him as an old Roman judge, we may be
We should so live and labor in our time that what
came to us as seed may go to the next generation as lieve in him as the embodiment of an inexorable law,
blossom, and that which came to us as blossom may go but we shall not believe in him as our Father unless we
to them as fruit. This is what we mean by progress. believe in him as one who brings forgiveness and heal
-Henry Ward Beecher. ing with him.
Editors FRIEND;' INTELLIGENCER.
principle of non-resistance must be left largely be
tween the individual and his Maker. Much of the At this time, when the thoughts of the people of all
time and energy of most of us is occupied in supplying countries are turned toward our own country, on ac
material needs and desires. When men set out to concount of the war with Spain, it is a testing time for
quer or defend in material things they prepare themthose who claim to be followers of the Prince of Peace, selves with material weapon. If we start out to defend and especially those like Friends who teach that war
this high standard of spiritual life we must be prepared is wrong under all circumstances. At such a time the with spiritual weapons. Many objections are brought question must come to each one of us as to what was up, when a person attempts to uphold this principle. meant by Jesus when he said, “Resist not evil.” What They say, Are we not better on account of the Revolucould he mean by the teaching of non-resistance? I tionary War which made us free from England? have read many articles lately on this subject, but they
Would we have allowed the South to secede? To all fall short of the complete carrying out of this prin- which we can reply that if we know we are doing the ciple. Many oppose war, especially offensive war, but will of God, that is the chief thing for us, and all the claim that war in defense is right. Others that war is
results we can trust with God. For as many as are wrong under all circumstances, but that it may be led by the Spirit of God they shall be called the Sons necessary to resist with carnal weapons for self-pro- of God. Alexander, Cæsar, Napoleon, attempted to tection in the ordinary affairs of life. In all this I have conquer the world with the sword, but they failed, and not found a satisfactory explanation of this teaching.
so all others must fail of conquering in this manner, Not only did Jesus teach this principle, but he gave
for it is love that must overcome the world, if it ever a living example of it, and in my understanding was
R. willing to die, and did die, to uphold it.
Cleveland, Ohio. I would not undertake to explain this teaching to the satisfaction of all, but I give here what comes to
“ ATAVISM," me, with the hope that it may be light to some others.
To the Editor of The Outlook ; We first find that these instructions were given
ATAVISM is a biological term, meaning reversion to specially to his disciples, men who had given up all to
some remote ancestral character or type. Thus the follow Him,—and this “all” meant life if need be.
sudden return of a domesticated animal, say a cat or They were to trust God for every thing, and their only
a dog, to the wild or feral state is an instance of purpose was to do good to men without money or
atavism. price. They were to build up a spiritual kingdom, their
Our American people seem to be suffering from a daily needs were very few, and they were to trust God
sudden emergence of atavism. In the process of for them from day to day.
evolution they had developed into a state of general This, I believe, means that a man filled with the benignity, when they were willing to entertain large Spirit can go among men to labor for and love them
ideas of arbitration and universal good will. But the and do them good, and that there is something not warlike passions of our animal ancestors have sudhuman in every nature that cannot long resist such an denly reappeared. Or, if Christian readers of the one, and though that nature may be hardened by sin
Outlook are not quite prepared to accept the evolution and crime, yet the time must come when the Christ in doctrine of our animal ancestry in all its biological them who has been crucified and buried many years fullness, they must at least admit that there has been perhaps, yet will rise again, and will respond to the one a sudden reversion to the animal methods of martial who shed love and kindness about. We will suppose tactics of the pre-Christian era. True, the impulse for illustration that a new country is discovered, the to plunge into this melancholy war was humane, and natives in which would be called wild and savage. A to this extent Christian. But the idea that moral few persons, such as have been described, go among wrong can be righted by physical force is in these them. It is possible they may be killed, but others closing days of the nineteenth century of Christ's follow and lift no hand but to do good. These too may teachings alike inhumane, unchristian, chimerical. lose their lives, but others go in the same manner.
It is a reversion to the animal stage or preadamite Now I believe this, that as Christ's teachings are true type of life. At best, it is a reëmergence of Mosaism. 'the time must come when the hearts and natures of True, Mosaism was good in its day and way. But these rude people will be changed, not by any miracle, Jesus has come and said : but by a resurrection of the divine nature which God Ye have heard that it was said to those of old, Eye for
eye, tooth for tooth. [Moses did say it.
See Lev. xxiv., 17has implanted in every human being. We are commanded to fear not him that can de
21.] But I say to you, Love your enemies, do good to them
that hate you, bless them that curse you, pray for them that stroy the body. From this I do not understand that
despitefully use you.—Matt. v., 38-48 ; Luke vi., 27-38. God will arbitrarily interfere to prevent the destruction
Now I must believe that when Jesus uttered these of this body, but this body is to be the servant of God, words he was sincere, meaning exactly what he said. and if his purpose can be served better by its dissolu- I cannot be so elaborate in my exegesis as to believe tion it is possible for our faith to be so strong and our that when he said, “ Love your enemies and bless assurance of eternal life so positive that we will not them," he really meant the exact opposite," Fight fear him that can destroy the body only.
your enemies and kill them.” Who in these days of The extent to which each one can carry out this martial atavism are the church's heroes ? Barnabas,