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him. The wild wooded paths once so familiar to him will where there is a large relationship other denominations are now be trodden by others, yet his pure example will still live, represented, and at such times many are touched and the and will not only be cherished in the bosom of his family, but Truth is spread." "The meeting was crowded, and a minisby those who knew him.

E. ter of one of the richest congregations in town stood near the HALL.-In West Chester, Pa., Sixth month 1, 1898,


T. Lydia P., widow of Abram H. Hall, in the 82d year of her age. She was a consistent and steadfast member from birth of

NEWS OF FRIENDS. Concord Quarterly Meeting of Friends. Her life was a beautiful example of Christian meekness and love, and her loss is

Owing to the Richmond Conferences coming at the keenly felt, among her many friends and in her meeting. usual time of Pelham (Canada) Half-Yearly Meeting, Those who knew her best esteemed her most.

P. the latter will hold one week earlier, which will be the IREDELL.-Sixth month 17, 1898, Annie E., wife of 13th of Eighth month,—public meeting on the 14th, Charles Iredell, of Elmira, New York.

select meeting on the 12th, at 3 p. m. Lobo Monthly JACKSON.–Seventh month 3, 1898, Isaac P. Jackson, Meeting holds on the 12th at 11 o'clock, select meetaged 67 years; a member of Pennsgrove Monthly Meeting.

ing at 9.30. All at Sparta, Ontario. JOHNSON.-At the residence of her son, Thomas M.

John J. Cornell and wife expect to be in attendHallowell, Philadelphia, Sixth month 29, 1898, Ann W., wife of James Johnson, and daughter of the late Isaiah Michener, of Jenkintown, in her 75th year. She was formerly widow of Judah Hallowell.

The Lincoln (Nebraska) Friends will hold their Interment at Mickleton, N. J.

regular executive meeting at the residence of the PASCHALL.–At Oxford, Pa., Seventh month 1, 1898,

clerk, in University Place, Nebraska, on the 11th of Anna, daughter of Edward R. and Clara I. Paschall, aged 10 months and 5 days.

Eighth month, at II o'clock. POST.-At Glen Cove, Long Island, N. Y., Sixth month

Meetings for worship are held at the G. A. R. 6, 1898, Charles Post, aged 80 years.

hall in Lincoln on the second First-day of each POTTER.-At Battle Creek, Mich., Fifth month 8, 1898,


ADALINE A. GARLOCK, Clerk. Eliza T., widow of the late Nathaniel Potter, aged 72 years. Lincoln, Neb., Seventh inonth 13.

She was a life-long member of the Society of Friends, and for many years an elder of Battle Creek Monthly Meeting. She was firm and steadfast in supporting Friends' testimonies,

LENGTH OF YEARLY MEETINGS. and faithful (through many discouragements) in helping to Editors FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER : keep up our little meeting, where she will be sadly missed. We feel that she has “ done what she could," and needs no

I DESIRE to call attention to a subject of importance word of eulogy, but her precious example should incite us to

brought to our notice in the INTELLIGENCER Fifth be faithful even as she was faithful.

month 28, on the subject of holding our Yearly Meetings longer. The writer was surely favored in

giving expression to a truth felt by many; it is one [Notice condensed from the Catawissa Pa., Item.]

which it is hoped will be considered in the near future. Eliza Sharpless died on the evening of Seventh month 7,

Our annual gatherings (Indiana Yearly Meeting), are at her home on Main street, after a lingering illness. It could hardly be called an illness, either; it was the gradual passing small, when compared with Philadelphia Yearly

Meetaway of a life from a worn-out body. She sank into an un- ing, yet the question, Is our Yearly Meeting long conscious condition several days before the end came. In

enough? or, Should Friends think of leaving before terment at Friends' graveyard. The funeral was largely attended, the old log meeting-house being unable to accommo

its close ? has been weighing on my mind from time date all who desired to gain admission. The last member of to time since our last gathering at Waynesville, O. her family, her brother Joseph, of Bloomsburg, aged 90, was The closing hour of these meetings is far too precious present, and his health is remarkably good for his years.

to allow of confusion or haste such as will take place Eliza Sharpless, the second child of Benjamin, was born

if Friends from a distance think they must leave on a in Catawissa, Second month 16, 1804. Her father came from near Sunbury, Eighth month 26, 1797, purchasing the

certain train, and with other Friends feeling the respongrist mill now Berninger's; he shortly after erected a paper- sibility of getting them to the station in time. Anxiety mill where now stands the plant of the Catawissa Fibre Co. of such kind felt by influential members is detrimental Eliza lived with her father in the old homestead till his

to devotional feelings, and our last impressions todeath, when she purchased her recent home. Her life was in keeping with the Quaker faith, and was as calm and peaceful gether should if possible be the best, as was the exas a summer day, and her passing away was like the almost perience in our last Yearly Meeting at Richmond, imperceptible approach of twilight as the last beams of the Ind. sun fade away in the West. Everybody loved her, and until The amount of business before us near the close recent years her well-stocked memory was a never-exhaustible storehouse of old time events and recollections, that always brought a feeling of apprehension followed by greater interested the listener.

dedication of spirit, and we were blessed, feeling that The old log meeting-house where as a child she learned to mercy and goodness had been with us from session • walk in the simple faith of her fathers, and which has wit- to session. The cloud had been lifted that had rested nessed many weddings and funerals, stands as it did when her

on many minds when we met. Our cups were made childish steps first knew it. The old slab benches, the plain unpainted pine boards of the interior, grown dark with age,

to overflow with thanksgiving and praise for the are the same as when she first crossed its threshold nearly a

crowning victory of a gathering so momentous to our century ago.

best interests as a Religious Society. It was a simple, unostentatious funeral, in keeping with her

Harveysburg, O. MATILDA J. UNDERWOOD. life, but the impression made by it will remain long after her body has moulded away.

A private letter, in an allusion to the absence of minis- In the Mexican war 101,282 United States soldiers were tering Friends, says :

It does not seem so much to mem- engaged, of whom 27,506 were regulars. The losses during bers who get used to it and do not expect impossibilities, but the two years of fighting were 1,049 killed and 3,420 wounded.


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Educational Department.

the coöperation of wealthy individuals. It is a difficult task to perform, in competition with the growing power of State

education supported by general taxation, and because of the DR. TRUEBLOOD ON THE COLLEGE'S FIELD OF WORK. decreasing profits of endowments with their constantly diminAt Penn College, Oskaloosa, Iowa, (one of the several col

ishing rates of interest. There is peculiar reason, therefore,

at the present epoch why the wealth of the church should leges in the West, maintained by Orthodox Friends), Dr.

rally specifically to the support of college education." Benjamin F. Trueblood, of Boston, formerly president of Penn, delivered an interesting and suggestive address at the

FRIENDS' ACADEMY LOCUST VALLEY: recent 'quarter-centennial!!. of the institution. Among

The Commencement exercises of the Friends' Academy at other things, he spoke of the true work of the college, and of

Locust Valley, L. I., were held on Sixth-day, the 16th ult. its desirable characteristics. After speaking of the absolute They included orations and essays by the graduating class, necessity for a competent and able corps of teachers, and the and recitations, etc., by other students. The graduates, with importance of an adequate library, he proceeded to speak of

the subjects of their orations, were as follows :

Hannah W. Underhill, “ Poverty Its Cause and Relief; the fact that it was undesirable for the college to be large.

Warren C. Seaman, “ William E. Gladstone ; S. Louisa “An ideal college,” Dr. Trueblood said, should be “com- Mott, “ Charitable Organizations ;” Charles N. Wysong, paratively small as to number of students.

to number of students. A university, "The Growth of Civilization." doing strictly university work, need have no limit.

The men

After the presentation of diplomas by the Principal, Isaac and women pursuing advanced work in it are mature and ex- Sherwood addressed the audience. In a feeling manner, he perienced enough to take care of themselves in the midst of spoke of the beneficence of Gideon Frost in founding such an five thousand as well as in the midst of one hundred com

institution, and of the faithfulness of the trustees and instrucpanions. But with the college, whose students are mostly

tors in so well carrying out the plans of the founder. under twenty, the case is entirely different. Its classes should

The assembly room was well filled with patrons and friends not be too large for every member of them to have the per

of the Academy. Two, and probably all, of the graduates sonal thought and interest of their instructors. No greater will pursue their studies at some college. mistake can be made than that of turning young people of In the evening, the building was given up to the Alumni, undergraduate age at large in great institutions where their

former students, and their friends. An interesting program individuality disappears in the mass of students, where there

was carried out. is no supervision from the instructors except in the class room,

The faculty for the coming year, which with one exception and even there a large proportion of the students are scarcely

is the same as last year, will be as follows : more than their names. Much of the blight that falls on Principal, R. Grant Bennett, B. S. (Swarthmore), Science many boys' lives in the large institutions arises out of this

and Mathematics. situation. Full of the passions and impulses of youth, fasci- Assistant Principal, Eliza G. Holmes, A. B., (Swarthmore), nated with their newly-found freedom from restraint, and not

English and Mathematics. yet established firmly in habits of self-control and discrimi

Ross Jewell, Ph. B., (Syracuse University), History and nation in the use of their liberty, they are swept away, large Modern Language. numbers of them, by the impulses and revelings of the crowd,

Mary S. McDowell, A. B., (Swarthmore), Greek and into a sort of Bohemian life, which means anything but bless- Latin. ing on their future lives. On this ground I plead for the en

Laura H. Ridgway, (West Chester State Normal), Arithtire separation of college and university work, and the placing metic, Reading, Geography, and Drawing. of young people of undergraduate age, who are not yet ready Anna B. Smedley, (West Chester State Normal), Primary to take the steering oar, in institutions small enough to secure

Department. to every one of them that natural personal supervision which

Florence Skillin, Music.

B. their age demands. The college should be comparatively small also for intellectual reasons. Any young mind will do

INFORMATION DESIRED.-We desire to hear, as often as work of a much finer order when it feels that it is constantly

there is anything to report, from Friends' Schools, and we in touch with a sympathizing intellect of superior development

think those in charge of them will find it to advantage to and wisdom.

send items of information regularly and punctually to this de“I am not contending for a supervision of stern and re

partment. We desire to print chiefly facts, and to omit or at pressive character. The life of the undergraduate should be

least closely restrain language of praise ; our relation to all of one of increasing freedom and self-direction, but it should

the schools being that of an equal desire for their success, we proceed always in the presence of a supervision which has

do not wish to eulogize any one more than others. grown strong and wise by experience, and is in the most living sympathy, intellectual and spiritual, with the young lives opening before it into what may be the divinest success THE DATE AT WESTBURY.-Our friend Henry R. Russell or the most pitiable failure.

writes us from Worcester, Mass., calling attention to the fact At no distant date, this matter will have to be taken out that the “Notice” for the educational meeting at Westbury, of the loose, drifting, unintelligent condition in which it now

L. I., gives the date as Seventh month 30, (which is correct), is, and increasingly so by reason of the rapid growth of many while the paragraph under this heading, last week, made it the of the great seats of learning. Such a reconstruction of 24th, which was not correct. We are always glad to have colleges and universities will have to be made as will secure evidence that the paper is carefully looked over. The blame, to all who wish to secure a college education a thorough and if any, for this particular error we could easily transfer to efficient intellectual training under such wise and sympathetic another party, but we withhold his name. moral supervision as that just described. Every State in our Union ought to have one great university (probably only one

The largest map in the world is the ordnance survey of in the present conditions of population) doing strictly and only university work, according to the American idea of a

England, containing over one hundred and eight million sheets, and costing $1,000,000 a year for twenty years.

The university. College work should be taken entirely out of the

scale varies from ten feet to one-eighth of an inch to the mile. university, and the educational system of the State completed

The details are so minute that maps having a scale of twentyby the establishment in suitable parts of the State of a

five inches “show every hedge, fence, wall, building, and number of comparatively small, well-manned and equipped

even every isolated tree in the country. The plans show not colleges.

only the exact shape of every building, but every porch, area, “Until the State is ready to undertake this task, and to

doorstep, lamp-post, railway, and fire-plug." perform it in the practically religious way above marked out, the work of college education must continue to be done, as it WHEN a fish has lost any of its scales, by a wound or has been heretofore mostly done, by the religious bodies, with abrasion, they are never renewed.


Conferences, Associations, Etc.


The Bucks county, Pa., Historical Society has issued two inMOORESTOWN, N. J.--A meeting of Young Friends' Associa- teresting pamphlets, studies in history and sociology, by tion was held Sixth month 10.

Henry C. Mercer. One of these, No. 2 of the Society's issues, Interesting reports were given by the standing committees. Ada M. Lippincott, from that on History, read a poem “ Eliza

reprinted from the " Proceedings ?! of the American Philobeth,'' by Longfellow. Levi Ballinger, from the Discipline sophical Society, is entitled “The Survival of the Mediæval Committee, read an essay on Worship,” by John J. Cornell. Art of Illuminative Writing among Pennsylvania Germans." Current Topics were reported by James H. Atkinson. Ger

It gives, with several full-page illustrations, descriptions of trude E. Roberts reported for the Literature Committee by reading from the book " Quaker Poets of Great Britain and

ornamental penmanship found in religious and other books Ireland," a portion of Mary Howitt's “ The Stream,'' and the

preserved by our Pennsylvania people of German descent. humorous poem, Pickled Cockles.'

The art has now practically disappeared, but it was a survival The literary program being completed, the president an- from the mediæval period, before printing made books a nounced that after the usual silence we would adjourn, and

common possession. The other pamphlet, No. 4 of the Socithis being the last meeting of the season all were invited to remain and enjoy a social hour and refreshments furnished for

ety's issues, is larger, (making some thirty pages), and is an the occasion.

J. A. L. elaborate study, with many illustrations, of “Light and Fire

Making." Its particular interest for us is presented in its MILLVILLE PA.-Young Friends' Association met at the pictures and descriptions of the lights of our forefathers—the usual hour, Sixth month 12, and was opened by the Chairman

tallow candle, the lard lamp, the fluid" lamp, etc. H. C. reading the 12th chapter of Luke. The minutes were read, and the Executive Committee reported that the next meeting

Mercer has pursued his studies of this subject very patiently would have a special program of miscellaneous exercises.

and intelligently, and his pamphlet is a valuable contribution The question for the evening was taken up, and the discussion to our American stock of sociological and industrial ki.owlwhich followed led to the conclusion that discussions entered

edge. (Copies of No. 4 may be had by enclosing 50 cents to into with candor, and not merely for disputation or triumph,

the author, or to the Bucks County Historical Society, Doylesare profitable. Susan M. Eves read a very nice account of Harriet Bee

town, Pa.) cher Stowe. Ida Eves read parts of the roth and 11th chapters of John Woolman's Journal. Amelia Eves gave

The New World (Unitarian quarterly magazine) for the Current Topics, and after a moment's silence the meeting quarter just closed has, as usual, an interesting list of conadjourned.

The leading article, and doubtless the most important, The meeting, Seventh month 10, was opened by the Sup- is by the Hindu savant and religious leader, Protab Chunder erintendent reading the 22nd chapter of Romans. Harriet Mozoomdar, who discusses" Christianity as the Future ReEck then opened the literary part of the program by reading ligion of India." Extracts from this have already appeared a piece entitled, “The Quakers as Makers of America.” (This

in the INTELLIGENCER. Prof. Benjamin W. Bacon, of Yale was a sermon, preached in Brooklyn in Twelfth month, 1896, University, has a very interesting article on " Solomon in by Dr. David Gregg, Presbyterian.)

Tradition and in Fact," and the other articles are all of value. Rebecca Eves read a piece entitled “To Columbia, The reviews, which relate generally to books in the field of which showed the attitude of the North and the South during religion, ethics, theology, etc., are always forcible, and mostly the war and at the present time.

by writers highly competent for their work. (Boston : HoughA chapter of John Woolman's Journal was read by Edith ton, Mifflin & Co.) Eves, in which he told of his attending several meetings in England, and of the extravagance which he thought was The important question of the education of women for dopracticed in dress at that time, (1774).

mestic life will be discussed by Mary Roberts Smith in the The question, “ Did Alfred H. Love and the Peace Asso- Popular Science Monthly for next month. Mrs. Smith shows ciation further the cause of Peace by writing to the Queen that a special training is just as desirable and as necessary to Regent of Spain ?" was then taken up. The subject was efficiency in domestic life as it is in any of the other proopened by Mary Eck. All of the expression was in favor of fessions. Dr. Collier's second article on the “ Evolution of the action of Mr. Love and the Association. The letter was


Colonies," which will appear in the same issue, takes up the read from the INTELLIGENCER, after which the meeting closed. question of Emigration. He shows that emigration is at first MYRON EVES, Correspondent. exclusively, and to the last predominantly, masculine in all

its aspects, and that it is primarily conducted by the strong

races, and their most vigorous sections. PERSONAL NOTES. A LETTER from Elizabeth Powell Bond to Swarthmore friends

The magazines are much devoted, now, to the existing contains the following passages : We anchored about 8.30,

McClure's is almost filled with it. Room is found, Fourth-day evening (Seventh month 6th) in the Thames, to

however, in the forthcoming issue, for the last instalment of wait for the tide. When I regained full consciousness, at five

Charles A. Dana's Recollections. It gives his experiences in next morning, we were making fast in the London docks. Richmond immediately after its surrender by the ConfederImagine my pleasure, just as I was ready to go ashore, at ates; also his experiences in helping to receive and provide discovering Aaron and Anna. It has been so cool they have for Jefferson Davis, when Davis was brought to Fortress remained in London. A half-hour after our arrival at the

Monroe as a prisoner of war; and describing his night at the Thackeray (hotel), Rodman and Clara Newport called. They

deathbed of Lincoln, when he passed the whole night sending have been 'going moderately,' they say, and enjoying it

dispatches at the dictation of Secretary Stanton. greatly." Some of the Government "experiments” in war-ships generally accepted, light is the vibration, or undulatory mo

ACCORDING to the “undulatory theory," which is now are very costly. The ram Alarm, 800 tons displacement, 158

tion, produced by a luminous body in an elastic, weightless, feet long, 28 feet beam, built in 1874, cost the public $524,

everywhere-present medium called ether. These waves travel ooo, and was unsatisfactory because she would not develop

at the rate of 186,000 miles a second. Those producing blue sufficient speed. She was condemned and lately sold to

and violet are shorter than those that make yellow and red. private parties for $2,950.

Of the former, there are about sixty thousand or sixty-five An elephant tusk brought from Tabora, East Africa, thousand to an inch, and of the latter only thirty-five thoumeasures 972 feet and weighs 97 pounds.

sand or forty thousand.



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IDAHO LANDS. Editors FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER : DANIEL GRIÉST writes, under date of 8th inst., similarly to Morris A. Wilson's article in the INTELLIGENCER of the gth instant. He says Friends have secured 3,200 acres of the government land, and the 1,200 remaining should be secured soon, as the financial backer.“ will not want us to be too long in closing out the opportunity with Friends, for other people would fill it up in a month.

"We want this work done amongst the isolated Friends more than any other class, but not to be understood that we are not willing for all Friends and Friendly people to join us."


TRUTH'S SCHOLARSHIP. Read in response to roll-call for sentiments, before Solebury Firstday School, Seventh month 10, 1898.

In the clear or cloudy weather,

Bringing each succeeding week,
We as scholars meet together,

And each other's counsel seek ;
And about the thoughts presented

We in perfect freedom speak.

Some among us pose as preachers

And as teachers, while we may ; But the children are the teachers

And the preachers holding sway ; And to them, God's fresh young creatures,

Must the Meeting look to-day.

O, the blessed, blessed children !

How they twine about our lives ; Bringing happiness to husbands ;

Bringing holiness to wives ; While to keep them close around us

Every faithful parent strives.

THE HORRORS OF WAR. Springfield (Mass.) Republican, (before the surrender of Santiago.) In times of peace when we speak of the “horrors of war". there is a staleness to the expression that deprives it of its force. Yet those horrors are realities, and as a conspicuous part of the drama they ought never to be ignored or lightly considered. When we read of incidents that curdle the blood in the great novels of Zola, Tolstoi, and Sienkiewicz, they lack the quality of nearness and actuality, but what happens in Cuba we ought to appreciate as war.

The terrible sufferings of the Americans in front of Santiago and of the Spaniards and innocent non-combatants within the town will some time be completely revealed, but when that happens public interest will have declined. The time to lay bare all the hideousness of battle and siege is while the public mind is concentrated upon it. In Friday's dispatches from the front we obtained a few glimpses of human suffering. - The stench due to dead men and horses about our position is frightful," writes one correspondent. Orders not to shoot vultures have had to be issued, writes another. “Several members of a Massachusetts regiment have been reprimanded" for killing them, because “the vultures are serviceable in helping the searchers to find the dead." The dead have their flesh eaten away by land crabs, and their bones stripped by carrion birds, and what of the wounded ? Many of them have no shelter day and night. They lie on the ground, alternately roasted by the sun and soaked by tropical rains.

A correspondent says : "I am appalled at the number of our wounded soldiers who are being subjected to a scorching sun bath during a part of the day, and then to a severe drenching in the rain during other hours. I have made a careful investigation into the condition of our wounded troops, and to-day I found one man lying unprotected in the sun, with only a piece of rubber pouch stretched on the ground for his cot. He told me with piteous fortitude that he had lain in that condition for two days. Many others, I found, were in an equally unfortunate plight."

Our lines in front of Santiago are now filled with thousands of panic-stricken women and children who have been allowed to escape from the city. Their condition is certainly heart-rending. Our army is unable to feed itself on full rations, yet here are thousands of innocent non-combatants who must not starve. The press dispatch says: “Gaunt despair is written on their countenances. The ignorant desire only to be fed and the cultured want to get away, anywhere, anyhow; away from the war which has driven them from their homes. Women with the stamp of birth and education, supported by frail girls, hide their faces from the vulgar gaze of those who surge about them. In the eyes of both mothers and daughters is the haunted look which wild animals have when driven to bay." This is nothing new in war.

It is the old story which every people in the world have learned through horrible experience. We can say, moreover, that war is now more humane that it has been in the past. Prisoners are no longer impaled on stakes. But that no amount of civilized refinement can make war less

And to arm them for life's conflict,

We, the teachers of to-day, Must direct them to the vision

That will guide them on their way ; E'en the Inner Light, which shining

In their souls they should obey.

How exalted is the mission

Of this scholarship of truth ;
Bringing into grand fruition

Charity, and love, and ruth ;
And uplifting each condition
Through the range of age and youth.


IN LONELINESS. In lonely days when solitude

Contrasts with cheerier days gone by, When thick and chill the shadows brood,

And clouds are sullen in the sky, Sometimes in days that pass slow-paced,

That creep along, are dull and gray, A vision comes, sweet, eager-faced,

The dream of that dear yesterday When life was full of joy and hope,

When work was paid by swift reward,
When door of fortune, quick to ope,

Made light the burden, smoothed the hard
Steep path, and cheated us of pain ;
Would those bright days might dawn again!
And yet the memory of their shine
Throws on our gloom a gleam divine.

-Harper's Bazar.

GREAT Britain has a longer seacoast line than any other nation in Europe. It measures 2,755 miles, with Italy second, 2,472 miles. Russia ranks third and France fourth.

than the sublimated quintessence of the seven circles

Owls Used as Mousers. of hell must not be forgotten. We must drink in the CHICAGO has a novel trade in owls, according to the Timeswhole truth, horrible though it be.

Herald of that city, the supply coming to the commission merchants from the farmers' boys in the nearby States. The

first owl which came to Chicago in this manner was sent as a COLLEGE SETTLEMENTS.

venture by a farmer boy who had somehow managed to entrap “The Settlement Idea" in philanthropic work was

it alive. It proved so unexpectedly successful in ridding the

warehouse of rats and mice—having been freed at night with the theme of a symposium at a conference of the

the idea of making an experiment in this direction--that it Charity Organization Society in New York recently.

was purchased by a man in whose care it was resting. The Addresses were made by Bishop Potter and others. freedom from rodents which it brought induced other comBishop Potter said that the settlement idea was a

mission men to look out for owls, and from the commission hearty revolt from organization in charitable work.

firms the idea gradually spread to the grocers, butchers, and

market keepers generally of the city. Now a large percentA great mechanism for doing good cannot be created

age of these men keep an owl down in the cellar during the without involving a number of evils. “ You cannot

daylight, and bring it up to the store when darkness falls. It have, for example," said the Bishop, “a great orphan is said that the expense and care of maintaining owls are more asylum with many children without losing many of than repaid by their services in vanquishing the rats and those things that are of greatest value in the training houses of the city are also beginning to realize the value of

The owners and janitors of the large apartment of children. If I were asked to state, then, what I

possessing an owl when rats, mice, cockroaches, and vermin conceive the settlement idea to be, I should answer, generally are to be exterminated. negatively, that it does not aim to act on people in common and out of their homes. The idea behind the whole settlement movement is a dual one; it does

Gladstone's Slave-Holding Father. not look merely to the people who are reached by the APPARENTLY, Sir John Gladstone was a man of more force settlement, but those who work in the settlement; its than fineness in the qualities that marked his character, says effect upon them is as important and elevating as the

an article on the great English statesman, in the July Atother.

lantic Monthly. Even seventy years ago the best of moral

fibre could not reasonably be looked for in a British capitalist "The great changes that come into our social life

who drew profit from the labor of slaves. If the slaveare imperfectly appreciated. The invention of ma

owning of the elder Gladstone had been only a minor incichinery, which has done so much to elevate life, has dent of his undertakings and kept in the background of his done also much to degrade life. It has made life in life, it might claim little notice. But it took importance from the cities hard, dry, and colorless. The complaint is its magnitude and from the prominence of his opposition to

all measures in behalf of the slaves. He maintained the sometimes made,” continued the Bishop, “that the

discipline of the lash on his plantations to the last, and his settlement does not have distinctly religious features.

great Demerara estates acquired a sinister notoriety in the I do not think that a candid study of the New Testa- abolitionist reports of the day. At the end, when compenment would show that Jesus established the point of sated emancipation was decreed by the British Parliament, he contact between himself and the world on a religious received more than £75,000 for the slaves that had been basis. I do not find that he ever gave the religious

solely his own, besides large shares of payment that came to

him through his partnership in other estates. idea specifically as the reason why he did anything for anybody. The introduction of a religious test as a means of getting hold of people is often the source of

The Santiago Refugees' Return. great hypocrisy and disingenuousness, and the results

“SINCE 4 o'clock this morning,' a dispatch from Santiago have often been disastrous to those who have been

on the 17th, said, “a stream of refugees has been pouring too eager to introduce it.”Philadelphia Ledger. into the city, some naked, and all hungry, skeletons, and

footsore. Many had fallen by the wayside.

The town of Santiago presents a dismal sight. Most of CULTIVATION OF DEWBERRIES.-Several attempts the houses have been sacked and the stores have all been

In have been made by selection to improve the dewberry looted, and nothing to eat can be had for love or money.

the streets of the city this morning, at the entrenchments, at so as to make it a valuable garden fruit; but with a

the breastworks, and at every hundred feet or so of the barbed single exception of one variety, namely, Lucretia, none wire fences were the living skeletons of Spanish soldiers.' have become popular,—and even this variety seems to

The number of the refugees reported seems surprisingly be confined to the gardens of amateurs.

As it is nat- large, but as the normal population of Santiago approached

one hundred thousand, the statements may not be exaggerated. urally a trailer, it has to be tied to a stake. As they

The dispatch said : 22,000 refugees were quartered at El ripen two or three weeks earlier than the varieties of Caney, 5,coo at Firmeza, and 5,000 at Cubitas el Boniato and the common garden species, they are appreciated by San Vincente, where they have been living for a fortnight. those who grow fruits for their own use.

The general

In one case 500 were crowded into one building. They used public, however, would give no more, probably, for the

the water from the river, where soiled clothing was washed

and all manner of filth is floating. early blackberry than for the later ones, and as they

The docks are crowded by incoming refugees in a starvare not so productive, they cannot be raised at this rate

ing condition, awaiting the arrival in the harbor of the Red to ä profit. This is probably the reason why they do Cross Society's steamer State of Texas, as there are no eatanot appear in the list of market - grown fruits.

bles to be bought in the city. Meehans' Monthly.

“The entrance of the refugees was quiet and peaceful, they viewing their wrecked homes philosophically as the

fortune of war. Admiral Sampson's last bombardment of " THE years glide by ; stand strong and true, Santiago wrecked fifty-seven houses in the city, causing heavy The good thou canst, oh ! quickly do!”


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