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traveled all day through cold, blustering weather, and they were constrained again faithfully to witness to reached W. Ellis's in the evening, where we took the truth committed to them. Humbly, but firmly, another comfortable night's rest. In the morning they refused any longer to perform military service, had an opportunity with the family, in which some and thus exposed themselves to severe suffering at things were given me to unfold to them, which were the hands of the authorities appointed to enforce it. acknowledged to be true, and I left them with a peace- Floggings, imprisonments, fines, exile of some to ful mind.

Siberia, and driving of others from their homes and At Fishing Creek .we had a meeting next day, and farms into districts where they were left without food went on to Catawissa,—had an awful time in crossing or shelter, followed in rapid succession, until many the Susquehanna river ; visited several families of sick hundreds died of want or of sickness resulting from and afflicted people, and attended meeting at Catawissa, their privations. which I hope was a profitable season. We then went Their condition being at length brought to the on to Job Hughes's, at Roaring Creek; but I felt knowledge of the Empress-Mother and of the Czar much depression of spirit respecting having passed himself, by petitions entreating leave for them to emiBerwick. On mentioning my concern, it was con- grate from Russia, the Emperor, honorably discrimicluded to go there, and James Wilson; Job Hughes nating between the disobedience to the law by evil and wife accompanied me. We lodged at Andrew doers and a disobedience arising from conscientious Shinar's, and next day had a meeting at Berwick, which endeavor to do right, granted this request, subject to was an open time for communication, and it seemed some limitations. right we were there. Returned to Job Hughes's, and As the Society of Friends have, as a body, always next morning set out and traveled forty seven miles maintained the incompatibility of war with that teachover the mountains to Thomas Wright's, at Maiden ing of Christ which enjoins us to love even Creek; where we had a meeting appointed next day, enemies, we have felt deeply for the Dukhobortsi in and had reason to believe we were doing the best we the heavy trials through which they have been passing knew. Lodged at Thomas Lightfoot's; and next day for their witness to the same truth. We are humbled had a favored time at a meeting at Reading. The in the remembrance that the religious and civil freeday following had a meeting at Exeter, which ended dom we ourselves enjoy has been gained through to satisfaction. On First-day were at Pottstown meet- heavy suffering by those who have gone before us. ing, in which silent, inward waiting on the Lord was Other men have labored, and we have entered into recommended. Thence went ten miles to Moses their labors, and we feel that the trials so patiently Hobson's, and had a meeting there, in which I had endured by these poor Russian peasants should not strength to relieve my mind, and felt quiet. Lodged only recall to us the need of holding fast to our testiat Robert Harper's, and thence went home.

mony to the truth so dear to them, but that their condition should awaken our active sympathy on


Gratefully recognizing, therefore, as we do, the The following appeal, issued by the Meeting for Sufferings, of London Yearly Meeting, was endorsed by London Yearly Meeting, desire of the Emperor of Russia to spare the Dukho. Fifth month 23.

bortsi from further suffering, in permitting them to DEAR FRIENDS: We desire to lay before you the case emigrate, we feel we ought to give effect to it, as far of the people who are known in Russia as the Duk- as lies in our power, by contributing towards the cost hobortsi (a word signifying those who strive in the of such emigration, as these poor people themselves Spirit), who are at present under suffering in that are without the means of defraying it. country for their refusal to bear arms.

We also desire to bring the circumstances to the They were originally drawn together in the last notice of Friends everywhere, as well as of all others century by the conviction that it is unlawful for Chris- who hold the same conscientious conviction of the tians to shed the blood of their fellow-men; and in unlawfulness of war to the followers of Christ, as we acting on this conviction they came in conflict, on believe they will gladly evince their sympathy for the several occasions, with the law by which the conscrip- | Dukhobortsi by uniting in rendering them the monetion is enforced in Russia, until in the time of the tary aid of which they are now in need. Emperor Nicholas I. they were exiled from the Crimea,

Signed, for the Committee of the Meeting for where they had been settled, to the Western Trans



Subscriptions may be sent to Isaac Sharp, 12 Gradually, however, they had declined from the Bishopsgate Without, London, E. C. measure of light and knowledge experienced by their

[We may add that $8, received by the INTELLIpredecessors, until they ceased to maintain their tes

GENCER, $5 from one Friend and $3 from another, timony against war, although they continued in the

was forwarded, about ten days ago, to Isaac Sharp.course of industry and probity which had made them

Eds. INTELLIGENCER.] outwardly prosperous.

This was their general condition till some three years ago, when, through the instrumentality of one This is the largest and richest education of a of their own number, their community was aroused human nature-not an instruction, not a command from its lethargy with the solemn message, “Remem- ment, but a Friend. It is not God's truth, it is not God's ber from whence thou art fallen and repent, and do law-it is God that is the salvation of the world.the first works." In the awakening which followed | Phillips Brooks.




Inspiration is the direct operation of the Divine FRIENDS.

Spirit in the human soul. Revelation is the result of SEVENTH MONTH 31, 1898.-No. 31.

such action wrought in the soul, and obedience renGOSPEL MINISTRY.

dered thereto. This maybe for especial work in the GOLDEN TEXT.—My speech and my preaching were not in persuasive words of wisdom, but in demonstration of plished, it is to flow out

individual, or it may be, that after this is accomthe Spirit and of power.-I. Cor. 2 :4.

plished, it is to flow out to others; then there is a God still condescends to teach his people himself call to vocal ministry, and the service should be by the immediate influence of his light or spirit, and willingly accepted and faithfully discharged, ever rethe true gospel ministry is that alone which springs garding the power that qualifies, transcendently higher from the fountain of divine love revealed in the soul.

than the instrument used. Gospel ministers cannot receive from man a

Jesus declared to his Apostles, “The words that I compensation for preaching. As their calling is from

speak unto you I speak not of myself, but the Father

that dwelleth in me He doeth the works." the Spirit, so is the reward spiritual. ---George Foz. All the faithful are not called to the ministry ; but

The true gospel minister may often find it helpful whoever are called to it are called to minister of that

to refer to the Scriptures as containing much to illuswhich they have tasted and handled spiritually.John

trate God's dealing with his people in the past, and Woolman.

that corroborates the present experience of individWe believe that the whole fabric of Christianity uals. Encouragement to virtue should ever be held rests upon the revelation of truth to the soul-and

up as the pathway leading to the highest happiness, authority for its ministry, in a call of individual duty citing, as corroborative evidence the experience of to declare that truth to others. No form of ordina- Enoch, Noah, Joseph, and Samuel. . tion, -no appointment of men,--no reliance upon hu

Thus far we have spoken only of vocal ministry. man learning, -and, least of all, no order of succes

We are all ministers. There is a deep silent force sion can make a minister of Christ.--John Jackson.

permeating our whole being, and even if this should Let us remember that it is under the immediate

not find expression in words spoken in the assemblies teaching and influence of the Holy Spirit that all ac

of the people, there will go out from each one of our

lives such an influence as will make or mar the hapceptable worship is performed and all true gospel ministry supplied ; that this pure and powerful influence, piness of those with whom we come in contact, though

this may be unconsciously exercised. . in vessels sanctified and prepared by the divine hand,

All life is from within, out; so this Divine life is the essential qualification for that work; and that, as the gift is divine, the service is freely and faithfully

finds its source and spring in the secret recesses of the

human heart, and must widen like circles on the still to be discharged, without any view to reward from man.-Y. M. Advices, 1757.

water, till it reaches and finds lodgment in others. A true gospel ministry is a wonderful power for good wherever vocarly expressed, if it comes from one

From The Independent, New York. chosen and anointed of God.

THE “IMPERIAL” EXPANSION SCHEME. It may be, and often is, diversified in character, BY SENATOR GEORGE F. HOAR, MASSACHUSETTS. and rightly so, as there are many conditions to be The people of the United States are confronted with met, and we cannot reach all. Golden truths given the most serious da

the most serious danger which they have encountered in demonstration of power, are sometimes couched in in all their history, unless we except the danger that plain and simple words, but lose nothing in force in slavery would be extended over the whole country, consequence of such simplicity. If there is a clear or the danger that the Rebellion would succeed. It conception of the revelations of truth to the soul, and is proposed that we attempt the government of the a requirement made for vocal expression of such ex- colonies to be wrested from Spain in both hemiperience the means will be provided and hearts be spheres, including certainly the Philippine Islands, opened for its reception.

Cuba, and Porto Rico. Friends have never regarded human learning as The acquisition of the Sandwich Islands depends requisite for a gospel minister, neither is it a bar from on a different principle. If the Chinese and the such labor. God's revealing power is not restricted, Japanese get out, as they will if these islands belong neither does he withhold the higher revelations of to the United States, there will be but forty or fifty light from any who earnestly seek to know and un- thousand people left-a population less than that of derstand them, but if a call is made to declare these many third-rate cities.

The islands will probably be truths to others for their encouragement and help, filled up by men of American descent and principles. then those whose talents have been completely occu- We have already a right to a harbor and a naval stapied, and whose intellects have been properly trained, tion there. So the question is only of adding to that ivill be the better qualified to give such expression to station a territory small in extent and small in populatheir thoughts, as will meet the needs and conditions tion; at present not much more than a third of that of those to whom their messages are delivered, and of the District of Columbia. I, for one, look with the more readily will they accept them.

great anxiety even upon such an acquisition, although Thought is one thing, but the words used to con- it is so powerfully recommended by naval and comvey it another. The power which reveals, the truth mercial experts as a necessity for the defense of our revealed, and the language used to demonstrate that commerce, both in war and peace. truth to others, are each separate and distinct.

But to go further than this must, in my judgment,

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lead to a change in the construction of our Constitu- bargain before the bargain is accomplished. Not tion, in the national character, and in the principles only that, but in all grave matters our diplomacy is on which our Constitution is founded and to which we accompanied by the impassioned and excited utterhave owed, so far, our prosperity, our glory, and our ances of the press and the public, sometimes inspired security. I wish to speak here of the change in our by partisanship, sometimes inspired by sincere, zealConstitutional mechanism, which will be needed to con- ous, patriotic, enthusiastic, but most ill-informed, exduct the diplomacy of such an empire as is proposed. cited, and foolish counsels.

Among the powerful objections to undertaking the Foreign nations who deal with us or make alligovernment by the people of the United States of de- ances against us can act promptly. Their foreign pendencies in the far East is the utter inadequacy of relations are conducted by a single will. We require our diplomacy to deal with the delicate and difficult | the concurrence by a two-thirds vote of a Senate problems we must encounter. If we are to govern an representing forty-five States, where unlimited debate Oriental empire we shall have a deep and immediate is often used as a weapon to prevent action altogether. interest in the balance of power in Europe and the It is rare that any Administration will have a twoyet unadjusted balance of power in Asia and in the thirds majority in the Senate. It is rare that imporislands of the sea. We must have our alliances, tant treaties committing the country to new policies struggles, rivalries, jealousies, strifes, bargains. We will not be the subject of difference between political must jostle and scheme and plan and thrust. The parties. So the party in opposition is not unlikely to American flag must be kept flying on powerful ships muster all its strength to defeat the policy of its anof war.

We must be ready to move among the tagonist. For a country at peace with all the world, mighty chess-players in the game where little delay confined within a single continent, such an arrangeor pause for reflection can be tolerated. Eastern dip- ment may work well; but if we are to pursue a career lomacy of late years is a game of alliances, offensive of empire in Oriental archipelagoes, into China, perand defensive, of threats, of cajolements, of. exchanges, haps into Africa, our Constitution must be amended sometimes of swagger and bluster, of professed friend- and larger diplomatic authority conferred on the ships, and of secret enmities. Its alliances and its Executive. antagonisms are never long lived. The friend of to- Our constitutional arrangements, State and naday is the enemy of to-morrow. It requires the hand tional, are founded upon the principle of the equality of iron under the glove of silk, the open countenance of States and the equality of citizens. We have no and the close counsel ; if not the diplomacy that lies training, no principles, no historic precedents that fit but never deceives, at least the diplomacy that de- us for any other but self-government. We are as ceives but never lies.

little fitted to govern barbarous archipelagoes as their Now, how impossible is all this to the simple- people are to govern us. Any thoughtful person who hearted, open, frank, impressionable American people, will read the memoirs of any of the great diplomagoverned always more by emotions and sympathies tists of Europe—Metternich, Talleyrand, Lord Stratthan by interest ; tolerating no secrecy, impatient, un- ford de Redcliffe, Lord Malmesbury, Sir Henry willing to wait, fed by its press with predictions rather Bulwer—will see how impossible would have been than narratives of the past; in its eagerness to know the conduct of their negotiations under our system. what is to happen in the next hour careless as to what Diplomatic secrets shared with ninety Senators, the has happened in the last hour. The great countries power to declare war separated from the treatywith whom we must deal are served by a body of making power, no bargain with a foreign country to trained diplomatists, circumspect, secret, grave, pru- have binding force except those in which the political dent, prepared for their functions by the training of opponents as well as the political friends of the Adlarge part of a lifetime, and expecting nothing but its ministration concur. Add to this the dominant honorable exercise for the rest of a lifetime. England

England power of public sentiment which, though always wise or Germany can wait. If you will not come to her when it is deliberate, yet so often invades the atmosterms this year she will wait five years or ten years, phere of American diplomacy with passionate, ignountil the time be propitious. An American Secretary rant clamor from press and from pulpit. Do not let of State or Plenipotentiary is ambitious to sign his it be supposed that in stating this as the first reason name to a treaty. If he fail, his official life, which at against the acquisition of an Eastern empire it is best must end in a few years, is a failure. The Eng- stated as the strongest. As I said in the beginning, lishman knows that if England does not carry her point the temptation constitutes, in my opinion, a danger to this year she can make the effort again in five or ten the Republic greater than that of war or of rebellion. years, and that he will doubtless be there to make it. If this country, tempted by the desire to extend

The other great Powers of the world can keep the market for its manufacture or to extend its foreign their secrets. Upon our diplomacy the enterprise of commerce, undertakes to enter upon the competition the press turns constantly its powerful Drummond with the great Powers of Europe for empire in the light. Under this it is hard for the Department of Eastern Hemisphere, it will require very soon a reState to keep its secrets. It is absolutely impossible construction of our Constitution and an abandonment for the Senate, with its ninety members and its six or of our great principles of equality and constitutional eight executive officers admitted to all its sessions, to liberty which lie at its foundation. It will change the

If in a proposed treaty there be any advantage sentiments and aspirations of the people. The conto the United States which a far-sighted sagacity has trolling passions, the controlling motives of our perceived, that is pointed out to the other party to the public and private conduct will be ambition, avarice, glory, power, wealth. The teacher of the people tible to gossip of such things as it would be to steal will no longer be found speaking of justice, freedom, the silver, or borrow the books and forget to return humanity, charity. We shall go what is alike the them. common way of the great empires and the great The foundation for this thoughtless sin is somerepublics of the past :

do so.

times laid in early life. Children coming home from "This is the moral of all human tales,

a visit, are interrogated by mother or sister concerning 'Tis but the same rehearsal of the past,

every little in and out of Mrs. M.'s, or Miss K.'s house. First freedom and then glory—when that fails

Don't do it again, dear friend. Just say to the darling
Wealth, vice, corruption, barbarism at last,
And history of all its volumes vast

child, as he or she skips in, flushed and happy, “Well, Hath but one page."

have you had a pleasant visit ? ? I'm glad to hear it. I repeat what I have lately said elsewhere. The

Never mind whether they had ginger-bread or pound starry flag is no symbol of dominion or of empire. cake, or what dress little Susie M. wore. Let it never fly in time of peace over conquered

If you find a little bit of slander floating about in islands or vassal States. It is the emblem of Freedom, society, do not roll it as a sweet morsel under your of Self-government, of Law, of Equality, of Justice, tongue, but if it is in your power, stop it. Drifting of Peace on Earth and Good Will to Men, or, at least,

on the tide of social talk are often stray scraps of malas the older version hath it, of Peace to good-willing | ice or envy. If they come to you, keep them. Let men on earth. President McKinley has won the love

no unkind report be suffered to grow by wisper or and the admiration of his countrymen by his hesita

words of yours. How lovely is the very presence of tion to enter upon war even in a holy cause, except

a pure, truthful woman, before whom evil tongues are as a last extremity. He will, I believe, show the

silenced. same quality of courage and of large patriotism in

Talk as little as possible about dress. Make yourrefusing to permit a result to that war which will self and your children as beautiful as you can, and let transform the character of his countrymen, and, becoming and tasteful dress help you do it, but when sooner or later, the Constitution of his country. once your “ things” are on, think no more about them. Washington, D. C.

Nothing more effectually dwarfs the mind than constant

thought and conversation about ruffles and frills, feathHOME CONVERSATION.

ers and flounces, trimmings and tucks. Prophets and The temptation to talk of persons rather than of things apostles were moved to reproach our sex for their delies very often in your way, my sister. Theoretically votion to tinkling ornaments and plaited hair in olden you despise gossip-practically you add your mite very days, and if they were here now, I think they would often to the common fund. You are not ill-natured.

lift their voices up again. Get out of this rut, dear The sweet charity that “thinketh no evil” has its reader, and find out how much easier and better walkhome in your heart's core, yet sometimes alas ! it falls ing there is on the soft wayside path above it. asleep, and anger, wrath, and bitterness come stealthily

The world is full of strife and struggle and sin. creeping up to the outposts.

It is full of joy and triumph and hope. The field There are many great things which we cannot do,

grows ever broader for women as for men. however earnestly we may try. There are some lit- sponsibilities are crowding in upon us all; can we be tle things which, with faith in God, and sincere resolu

too pure in thought, word, or deed? Can we let contion, we can accomplish, and one of these is to reform

versation remain frivolous and trifling ?-Sclected. our conversation. Every woman should cultivate a nice sense of

Growth in numbers may, or may not, be growth honor In a hundred different ways this most fitting in power for good. It depends on the resultant adjunct of the true lady is so often tried. For instance, quality of the aggregate thus reached. It was a comone is a guest in a family where, perhaps, the domes

pensation for the troubles and persecutions of the tic machinery does not run smoothly. There is a sor

Christians of the first centuries, that tested converts, row in the house unsuspected by the outer world.

and no others, joined themselves permanently to the Sometimes it is a dissipated son whose conduct is a

church. Hence, as Thomas Fuller says, the church shame and a grief to his parents; sometimes it is a dis

grew in spiritual height in such times, whereas in contented and petulant daughter; sometimes a relative

times of quiet and popularity it grew only in breadth, whose eccentricities and peculiarities are a cloud on the home. Or, worst, of all, husband and wife may For there are few greater calamities that can befall

increasing in numbers but losing in spiritual elevation. not be in accord, and then there may be often bitter religion than that it should become merely popular, words spoken, and harsh recriminations. In any of

and serve as a passport to social consideration.these cases the guest is in honor bound to be blind and

Sunday School Times. deaf, so far as people without are concerned. If a gentle word within can do good, it may well be said, but to go forth and reveal the shadow of an unhappy Is reverence declining? Yes reverence for stocks, secret to any one, even your nearest friend, is an act of and stones, and senseless things. Let us rejoice, not indelicacy and meanness almost unparalled. Once in lament, in consequence. Let us exult that we are adthe sacred precincts of any home, admitted to its pri- vancing sufficiently to distinguish between reverence vacy, sharing its life, all that you can see and hear and superstition. The full fruitage will fall to a later should become a sacred trust. It is really as contemp- age ; but it cannot be long delayed.—Jewish Messenger. .

New re




Friends' Intelligencer and Journal. been realized and proven a host of times by those

who have visited the ends of the earth. It is only

in the pride and arrogance of man that he exalts HOWARD M. JENKINS. LYDIA H. HALL. RACHEL W. HILLBORN.

himself in his own imagination, and looks down upon PHILADELPHIA, SEVENTH MONTH 23. 1898.

his brother. All are " of one," and the relation of

men to each other is that of brotherhood. To this, HE HATH MADE US "OF ONE."

in time-however long the time the world must We have a right, no doubt, and indeed a duty, to lay come, because there can be no standing still, and aside old, or worn-out, or out-grown garments; we because movement in the other direction would lead are not bound to wear leather breeches because

back to savagery. George Fox wore them. But there are principles and testimonies which are not garments ; not outward THERE are some further slight changes in the adthings at all, but inward, and these to change the vertisement on the first page for the Richmond Consimile—compose the warp and woof of Quakerism ; ferences. One or two of these are in the Program. to tear them out would be to destroy the fabric itself. In reference to railroad arrangements it is mentioned

One of these vital principles is that of the unity, the that the "two-thirds” rate in the “ Trunk Line Assoessential solidarity, of mankind. It is the thought, ciation " district will only be available if there are one so often cited, but none too often, of Paul, in his hundred certificates. This is a matter of importance sermon at Athens, that God has made “ of one all to any in that district who may be intending to use the nations of the earth" of one blood," as the the certificate plan ; we recommend such to correScripture translation of 1611 gives it. This broad and spond with John Wm. Hutchinson. The time-table comprehensive statement forms an essential principle of the special train has been quickened at all points of the Society of Friends. It is a declaration like from Plainfield south, and more time given at Baltithat of Peter that “God is no respecter of persons,

The revised table should be carefully conbut in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh sulted by those intending to go on this train. righteousness, is acceptable to him." Upon the foundation thus described rests the conception of the

BIRTHS. All-Fatherhood and the universal Brotherhood, and BROWN.—Sixth month 23, 1898, to Samuel P. and Annie the rejection of doctrines which would exclude any

L. C. Brown, of Birnam, (Canada), a son, who is named

Pearson Cutler. of the children of God from a share of his care and

PUSEY.-At London Grove, Chester county, Pa., Third his strength.

month 25, 1898, to Philip C. and Hanna H. Pusey, a Upon a conception of the universal kinship of daughter, who is named Amy H. men the Friends have always acted. Their efforts in

MARRIAGES. behalf of others less favorably situated than them

PIERSOL-REEDER.–At the residence of the bride's selves arose out of this great principle. It is not a

father, Linford Lukens, in Philadelphia, Sixth month 22, mere feeling of pity, or a passing emotion of the 1898, Dr. George Arthur Piersol and Florence Lukens Reeder,

widow of the late Dr. William Reeder, of Philadelphia. heart, which has prompted these efforts, but the con

TOMLINSON_UNDERWOOD.--At the home of the viction that all mankind equally are the just objects bride's parents, near Harveysburg, O., on Fifth-day, Sixth of Christian labor. Such views furnished the incen- month 16, 1898, under the care of Miami Monthly Meeting,

A. Curtis Tomlinson, son of Paul and Lydia A. Tomlinson, of tive to Mary Fisher when she went “to speak to"

Winchester, Ind., and R. Anna Underwood, daughter of the Sultan of Turkey, supported Woolman and Zephaniah and Matilda J. Underwood, Benezet in their labors for the African slaves, and the friends of the Indian in their labors since the Great


CLEAVER.-In the early morning of the ist instant, Treaty at Shackamaxon.

(Seventh month 1, 1898), in the presence of his family and We need hardly point out that such a conception relatives, and amidst the sweet voices of the robins perched of the truth restrains any Friend from hatred of or

near his home window, in Unionville, the pure spirit of Jesse

Cleaver, (a member of Centre Monthly Meeting, and one of prejudice against other peoples. He is as much

Centre county's foremost and most experienced surveyors) bound to look for “the good” in his brethren who returned to the God who gave it.

For some months his family noticed a gradual decline, but dwell in other lands, as he is in those who live beside

were not aware that death's shadow hovered so near him. him. He is not to entertain enmity by wholesale In all his suffering he maintained that peaceful look of resigagainst this nation or that, nor to imagine evil of pressed himself ready for the final change, none can fully

nation which designates the conqueror, and, although he exthose whom he has never seen. He should beware realize the loss sustained by his grief-stricken family, to whom

he was an endeared husband and loving father. of evil report; he should remember that the “touch

In business, he loved his profession, and nature in all her of nature which makes the whole world kin” has beauty, her sublimity, her grandeur, had a special charm for

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