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It is a
and lived up in the mountains of New Hampshire, I worked
NOTES ON THE WAR. for a farmer and was given a span of horses to plough with, one of which was a four-year-old colt. The colt, after walking
A DESPATCH says that the crews on the ships of Cervera's fleet a few steps, would lie down in the furrow. The farmer was
were freely given liquor before the attempted escape from the provoked and told me to sit on the colt's head, to keep him
harbor of Santiago, and that when taken prisoners many of
them were under the influence of drink. Another despatch from rising while he whipped him to break him of that notion,' as he said. But just then a neighbor came by. He
says that when in the running fights the firing of the American said, there's something wrong here, let him get up and let
ships became more deadly, and the Spanish gunners were us find out what is the matter.' He patted the cost, looked being slaughtered, they “ deserted their gun's, and then were at his harness, and then said, · Look at this collar; it is so
shot down by their own officers.'' "As the battle grew more long and narrow, and carries the harness so high, that when
desperate the wines and liquors.belonging to the officers were: he begins to pull it slips back and chokes him, so that he
handed out to the crews, so that with drunken courage they can't breathe. And so it was ; and but for that neighbor we
would keep up the hopeless fight.” should have whipped as good a creature as we had on the farm, because he lay down when he could not breathe."
RICHARD HARDING DAVIS, in a letter from in front of Boys, always remember that all animals are dumb, and Santiago, on the 3d instant, describes the hardships of the cannot make their wants known.
American troops. “ They have been," he says, “in the Think before you strike any creature that cannot speak.
most cruel heat, and wet with frequent showers, for three: George T. Angeil.
days. They are unable to move about. They are under an
unceasing fire. Two Acres For Four Persons.
“I went along the trenches this morning, and saw men.
lying in the high grass, which was as wet as a sponge. The “Can a family of four make a living on two acres just outside
dew had not been out of the clothes they wore since June 30. of a city of over 150,000, with plenty of water for irrigation,
Some of them had been without food for forty-eight hours. and a greenhouse 20 by 100 feet? And what can be pro- When food did come it was hard tack' and coffee. Those duced to best advantage for family support ?”
who smoke and they are in the majority—were suffering This query was submitted by the Rural New Yorker to a agonies from the lack of tobacco. Their nerves were so unnumber of practical gardeners and florists, and among an- strung in consequence that as a substitute they were smoking swers received were these :
grass, tea-leaves and herbs." Jerry Dutter, of Indiana, says that he would not be afraid
CAPTAIN R. D. Evans, who commands the battleship to take the greenhouse alone, and a half-acre garden, and
Iowa, which took part in the destruction of Cervera's ships, support a family of four by raising early vegetable plants for
has given an account of it to the newspapers. market. He would also grow carnations and such other
graphic description, and exhibits impressively the horrors of flowers as will sell in the market. Strawberries and other fruits that bring the best prices are advised, as are gooseber
the battle. Many shells fired by the American ships took
effect on those of the Spanish, doing great damage, and Some of the tree fruits, such as plums, ries and currants. peaches, and pears, set among the small fruits, would be a
causing terrible loss of life. On the Vizcaya, the officers said they
" could not hold their crews at the guns," owing to the source of profit, and he would also keep a good cow, a few
terrible fire, and the number who were killed and mutilated. chickens and a pig to eat the refuse and waste from the garden. Many other little things would suggest themselves
The details are too shocking to be reproduced in the INTELLIto a thinking man from a study of the markets he intends to
It is to be hoped that the eager readers of the war supply. A few swarms of bees are also suggested, which
despatches in the daily newspapers will realize from them
what war is. would be a help to the fertilization of the flowers. Professor Bailey, of Cornell University, says that the family
APPREHENDING the bombardment of Santiago, a great can make a living upon two acres; but would need to grow
number of inhabitants abandoned their homes last week, and specialties, and these specialties would depend upon the
came out of the city into the American lines. They were not adaptability of the grower. As a rule, the greatest amounts
able to take anything with them, and were in a starving conof profit can be made from specialties in winter fruits, in
dition. Their number is represented in the despatches .as. vegetables, and in flowers, but there is also more risk in the.
being several thousands. At El Caney, the little village growing of these.
where there was such hard fighting on the ist inst., there T. C. Kevitt, of New Jersey, says that the inquirer might set one acre to strawberries, 30 by 34 inches, let only four
were said to be 8,000. A despatch on the 7th said : “ The
country for miles around is dotted with the camps of refugees. runners grow to each plant and let only one plant grow to each runner.
They have little clothing and no food. The Red Cross Society He advises Glen Mary, Ridgeway, and Parker
is working among them. Miss Clara Barton visited them toEarle as the varieties best adapted for this method of culture.
day. Five thousand are heading for Siboney, their route He figures out that the acre would yield, at the low price of
being thirteen miles along through the brush and cactus, five cents per quart, $750, which, after taking out all expenses
through which they were wearily plodding barefooted. They of growing and marketing, would leave a profit of $398. The other acre might be best set to currants, raspberries,
heard that there was food at Siboney, but in this they are mis
taken, as there is hardly enough there for the soldiers. Many blackberries, plums, and peaches, but nothing else would
refugees began arriving at Siboney to-day. A large number pay as well as strawberries. He would set both acres to
of them are women and children. The sick were carried on strawberries and would not bother with a greenhouse.
litters. The condition of the roads, so called, is awful. It is
reported that many of the refugees have already succumbed ONE ship drives east, another west,
to the heat and the hardship of their journey, and are lying With the very same winds that blow,
half dead by the roadside.
A DISPATCH from before Santiago on the gth said that the
Spanish soldiers were breaking open the houses in the city Like the winds of the sea are the ways of fate,
which the people had abandoned. As we voyage along through life,
“The refugees complain that they were allowed to take 'Tis the set of a soul that decides its goal,
very little with them when they were forced to leave the city. And not the calm or the strife.
The road from Santiago to the coast still is lined with unfor- Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
tunate women, carrying their children and big bundles of The percentage of beet sugar produced in the United goods. Tugging at their dresses are hundreds of tots, overStates during 1897 to the total consumption is reported as 24.
loaded with little treasures and childish trinkets. 'I saw It is expected that for the season of 1898 the production will several youngsters carrying live pigs, and one boy was trying reach 4 per cent.
to make the best of the situation by holding tenaciously to ai
bleating kid he had in his arms. Many of the children ships sailed from Charleston, S. C., with more troops, and among the refugees are sickly. It is a common sight to see one of the ships took General Miles, the military chief of the refined women sitting by the roadside weeping and begging United States army. These ships arrived on the rith. Genfor food, wearing all of their finery and making desperate at- eral Shafter was then said to have about 23,000 men under tempts to maintain their dignity in distressing circumstances.' his command.
We all know, says the Springfield Republican,
what The auxiliary cruiser St. Louis, (New York and SouthItaly's colonies have cost—an army and navy whose expense
ampton steamship, American Line), reached Portsmouth, is impoverishing the people and has already brought the na
N. H., on the roth inst., with 54 officers and 638 men, Spantion to the verge of bankruptcy, internal revolution, and ish prisoners of war taken in the destruction of Cervera's anarchy. As for Spain, the present premier, Sagasta, is re- ships. Admiral Cervera and his son were among the former. ported as saying some time ago : 'Our colonies have cost us
The men are to be kept at the Portsmouth navy-yard, the dear. Within the last twenty-five years we have spent in
officers, it is stated, will be sent to Annapolis, Md., to the them 3,000,000,000 francs in defensive works. Only the
Naval Academy. most important cities and points have been fortified, as we could not erect works everywhere. The cost would have been
LIEUTENANT R. P. Hobson, and the seven men who were 7,000,000,000 or 8,000,000,000 francs. And all to feed a with him in the sinking of the Merrimac, at Santiago, were false national pride which our jingoes are striving to cultivate
exchanged between the defenses of the city and the lines of in the people of the United States. Germany's colonial ex
General Shafter's troops on the 6th inst. They were in good perience is of recent date, but the Boersen Courier of Berlin health, and said they had been well used. already finds that : ' A. heavy burden has been laid upon Germany by her colonial policy About 11,000,000 marks is
THE Spanish fleet under Admiral Camara, which had spent annually in this connection, and a further expenditure passed through the Suez Canal, but had halted at Suez, on the may be looked for in the future. The revenue derived from
Red Sea, was ordered back by the Spanish Government, and the colonies in no way offsets this expenditure.'
re-entered the canal on the night of the 8th inst., to return to
Spain. It made the trip through on the gth, and at 5 p. m., The total losses of the Americans, in the fighting before
sailed westward for Carthagena. Its recall appears to have Santiago, from the ist to 3d inst., are reported by General
been due to the announced despatch of an American fleet Shafter as follows: Killed, 23 officers and 208 enlisted men,
under Commodore Watson to attack the ports and commerce total 231 ; wounded, 80 officers, 1,203 men total, 1,283 ;
of Spain. missing, 81 men; grand total 1,595.
The resolutions annexing the Hawaiian Islands to the
United States were passed by the United States Senate on the CURRENT EVENTS.
6th instant, by a vote of 42 to 21. The Republicans were RUMORS of efforts to arrange terms of peace have been current
generally in favor of the resolutions, and the Democrats genfor a week, and different reports as to the disposition of the
erally opposed, but there were six Democrats who voted for contending factions at Madrid have been circulated. Senor the resolutions, and two Republicans who voted against them. Sagasta, the Spanish prime minister, offered the resignations
The resolutions recite that the Government of the Republic of of himself and other members of the Cabinet to the Queen
Hawaii has in due form ceded its sovereignty to the United Regent on the 11th ; a dispatch on the 12th says that Sagasta
States, and that this is now accepted, ratified, and confirmed. will remain in office and form a new Cabinet. The “ Con
The Islands become subject to the sovereign authority of the servative press" of Madrid, a dispatch says, declares that
United States, and until Congress shall pass laws governing Spain is prepared to accept peace, provided it implies only
them, they are to be under the administration, civil and the loss of Cuba.
demands" of the United States are military, of persons appointed by the President. Five Comnot known, but according to a Madrid dispatch, they include
missioners, of whom at least two shall be residents of the (1) the possession of Cuba and Porto Rico, with a port in the
Islands, are to be appointed by the President to recommend Canaries ; second, an indemnity of £48,000,000 (about
to Congress such legislation concerning the Islands as they $240,000,000), and third, the retention of the Philippines as
shall deem necessary or proper. a guarantee of the payment of the indemnity.
THE American members of the Hawaiian Commission The threatened bombardment of Santiago continued to be
have chosen Senator Cullom Chairman. They expect to sail postponed last week, from various causes, one of them the
about August 1, for Honolulu. A New York regiment of volpossibility that the city would be surrendered. General Toral,
unteers, the ist Regiment, has been selected for garrison the Spanish commander, offered to surrender, on the 9th,
duty at Honolulu. It is thought that the present president provided his army were allowed to march away under arms,
of the Hawaiian Islands, Sanford Dole, will be appointed and with flying colors. General Shafter refused this offer,
Governor by President McKinley, under the provisional organunder instructions from Washington, it is said, as it was be
ization which is to exist until a permanent system is provided lieved that the actual capture of Santiago would have a
by Congress. “moral effect" upon the negotiations for peace which are now expected. A bombardment by the fleet was begun late Both Houses of Congress adjourned finally, on the 8th on First-day afternoon, but being at very long range, and the instant, at 2 p. m. The next session will begin the “first city entirely hidden by the hills, was ineffective.
Monday in December.” At this session the appropriations
amounted to $982,527,991, of which $361,788,085 was to DISPATCHES from Santiago at this writing do not yet re- meet the cost of the war with Spain. These were by far the port the surrender of the city, but this is expected at any
time. largest appropriations made since the close of the Civil War. Its surrender has been three times demanded the last by President McKinley signed the bill annexing the Hawaiian General Wheeler, who went into the city for the purpose.
Islands on the Sth, and next day announced the five commisFurther bombardment of the city by the warships has oc- sioners who are to prepare a code of laws for the Islands. curred, and “the range" having been obtained, great dam- The Commissioners are Senators S. M. Cullom, of Illinois, age has been done by their shells. General Miles reports the and John T. Morgan, Alabama, Congressman R. R. Hitt,
the heaviest I have ever known.” He has ordered Illinois, President Sanford Dole, and Judge W. F. Frear, of the buildings at Siboney, within the American lines, and near the Hawaiian Islands. the landing-place, to be burned, for sanitary reasons.
Full details of the sinking of the steamship La Bourgogne REINFORCEMENTS have been sent to General Shafter for affect somewhat the statements given in the paragraph last the operations at Santiago. The “second fleet of transports week. There were, it is said, 565 persons lost. Of the saved arrived on the 25th, with 2,500 men. On the 9th, two steam- none belonged to the saloon passenger list; 12 were second
class, and 47 steerage passengers, and the remaining 105 were -The estates of the two Wistar brothers, Richard, and members of the crew, making 164 altogether. Only one W. L., in Philadelphia, which had been in litigation, were woman was saved, Mrs. A. Lacasse, of Plainfield, N. J., recently settled.
recently settled. After paying specific legacies, $98,558, and whose husband also escaped. The entire list of the first-cabin debts and expenses, there remained $180,645. Of this, $50,passengers, 88 in number, were lost. Distressing charges of ooo was given to three attorneys who tried to break the wills, brutal conduct were made against some of the men, who it and $50,000 more to two attorneys who defended the wills, was said prevented passengers from getting into the boats, upon making $100,000 for these lawyers, and leaving $80,645 for the rafts, etc., and it has been intimated that trials in the distribution. There had already been allowed to an adminiscourts may be instituted. All the officers except three, of trator $35,000, and to his attorney $10,000. minor rank, were lost, and one telegram from Halifax says
-Between the cold weather in the spring and the dry the crew acted well, and that most of the sailors who were
weather in early summer, fruits in the region of Philadelphia saved were picked up from the water by the rescue boats, and
are a short crop. At the meeting of the Solebury (Bucks were not in the Bourgogne's boats. The French Consul-General, at New York, exonerates the
county) Farmers' Club, on the 2nd inst., John S. Williams
reported that the fruit crop was growing shorter and shorter. crew, and throws all the blame on the panic-stricken steerage
All the small fruits were drying up. There would be a fair passengers.
crop of summer apples, but pears and winter apples were
being hurt by want of rain. The arrangement to negotiate a settlement of the differences subsisting between the United States is to be carried -In Chicago, at the beginning of this month, the stereo
President McKinley has appointed John W. Foster, typers employed by the daily newspapers struck for higher John A. Kasson, Representative Dingley, and Senators Gray wages and shorter hours.
The employers refused and susand Spooner, Commissioners on the part of the United States pended publication of all the morning papers. No morning to meet Commissioners already appointed by the Canadian paper was issued in that city on the 2d, 3d, 4th, or 5th of the Government to consider the questions in contention. These month, but men having been procured from other cities, the. Include the Alaska boundary, pelagic sealing, fishing in papers came out, in very reduced size, on the 6th, and later Canadian waters by Americans, reciprocity, etc.
The Con- were made the usual size. vention is expected to assemble at Quebec on the ist of next -A destructive storm of wind, lightning, and hail passed month.
over part of Berks county, Pa., on the gth inst. Thousands
of panes of glass were broken, fruit trees stripped, crops A NUMBER of serious fires have occurred : at West Ham- levelled, and grain-stacks scattered. On one farm eight cows mond, Ill., Ioth, the plant of the Western Starch Manufac- were killed by lightning. turers' Association, at West Hammond, Illinois, the buildings
-Three buildings in New York City within a stone's throw of which covered seventeen acres of ground. Loss, $250,
of each other hold $282,000,000 of gold coin and bullion. At Cleveland, O., 9th, the Parsons' Block was wrecked
These are the Sub-Treasury, the Assay Office, and the Clearing by fire, causing a loss'estimated at $885,000. One man was
House. The last holds the most, and it is all coin gold, killed. At Pentwater, Michigan, gth, over 6,000,000 feet of
$167,000,000. lumber at the yards of Sands & Mills, together with other
-The steamship Delaware, of the Clyde Line, bound property, the loss approximating a half million dollars.
from New York to Jacksonville, was totally destroyed by fire
on the night of the 8th inst., off Barnegat City. All the NEWS AND OTHER GLEANINGS.
passengers and crew, numbering over seventy in all, were
rescued. THE announcement that Judge Edward M. Paxson would devote a large sum of money to the erection and endowment of -Ex-Senator J. D. Cameron, of Pennsylvania, who is a free public library near his home in Buckingham, Bucks
now in London, has cabled to Secretary Long, offering the county, (Pa.), is confirmed by the publication of fuller details
Government the free use for hospital purposes of his estate on of his plan. He will set aside $100,000 of his estate for it, of
Saint Helena Island, opposite Port Royal, South Carolina. which $25,000 is for the building, $35,000 for the books, etc., -It is estimated that $25,000,000 was expended for fireand $40,000 for endowment. It is to be a memorial of his works in the United States in connection with this year's celemother, Ann Johnson Paxson. He expects to personally su- bration of the Declaration of Independence-an immense sun pervise the erection of the building, and its equipment.
to spend for noise and smoke.
Hamorton, Pa., on First-day, Seventh month * Philadelphia Quarterly Meeting's Com 17, at 2.30 p. m.
mittee to visit the smaller branches as may *** A meeting under the care of the Com- All interested are cordialiy invited to be open, will attend the following meetings : mittee on Education of New York Yearly Meet- present.
Radnor, Seventh month 24 (appointed meeting will be held at 2.30 p. m., Seventh month
HORACE L. DILWORTH, Clerk.
ing), 3 p. m. 30, (after Westbury Quarterly Meeting), at
Reading, Seventh month 31. Westbury, L. I. *** The Visiting Committee of Baltimore
AQUILA J. LINVILL, Clerk. The meeting will be addressed by the Presi- Yearly Meeting has arranged for the following dent of Swarthmore College, William W. meetings during Seventh month :
*** Acknowledgments. - The Friends' Book Birdsall. It is expected that Helen Magill
Association acknowledges receipt of the followWhite will also be present. All interested are
24. Forest Hill and Goose Creek.
ing additional contributions to the Children's invited to be present.
31. Washington and Bush Creek.
Country Week Association :
$2.00 E. B. Smyth,
5.00 ** The next Conference under the care of *** The Philanthropic Committee of Bur-Young Friends of School Lane Meeting, Concord Quarterly Meeting's Committee on lington Quarterly Meeting will hold a meeting
Germantown, proceeds of EntertainPhilanthropic Labor will be held in the meet
ment and lawn social, at Crosswicks, N. J., Friends' meeting-house, ing-house at Birmingham, on First-day, Seventh ou First-day, Seventh month 17, 1898, at 3
108.81 month 17, 1898, at 2.30 p. m.
o'clock p. m.
All interested in the work are
128 81 CHARLES PALMER, Clerk, P. O. Box 218, Chester, Pa. *** Some members of New York Yearly Seventh month 11.
JOHN COMLY, Superintendent. Meeting's Visiting Committee expect to visit *** A Conference under the care of the in Seventh month the following meetings: Western Quarterly Meeting's Committee on 17. Squan.
The average walking pace of a healthy · Temperance and Philanthropic Work, will be
24. Purchase and Westbury.
man or woman is said to be seventy-five held at Old Kennett meeting-house, near
JOSEPH T. MCDOWELL, Clerk.
steps a minute.
Address all orders to
SUMMER OUTINGS. The Christiana Riot
Some $30 Suits Made-toPERSONALLY-CONDUCTED TOURS: VIA PENNSYL
is a memorable event, owing to the Measure, for $20. VANIA RAILROAD.
persecution of Castner Hanway and other memTHE Pennsylvania Railroad Company an- bers of the Society of Friends. The true story
Some of the highest priced tailors don't nounces the following Personally-Conducted of this affair has been gathered and made into a do a very large business. They buy the Tours for the Summer and Early Autumn of book by David R. Forbes, editor of the Quarry: best qualities of cloth, but in small quan1898:
ville Sun. It is endorsed by such able critics as To the North (including Watkins Glen, Niag. Joseph S. Walton, Hon. W. U. Hensel, and tities as needed, sometimes only a suit ara Falls, Thousand Islands, Montreal, Quebec, many others. It is neatly printed on good paper, length at a time. Au Sable Chasm, Lakes Champlain and George, strongly bound in cloth, liberally illustrated, This leaves some of the best importing Saratoga, and a daylight ride through the High- and worth the money.
cloth houses with small pieces on hand at lands of the Hudson), July 26 and August 16.
the end of the season.
PRICE, $1.00, POSTPAID. Rate, $100 for the round trip from New York,
Last week we were offered a large lot Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington,
of these single suit lengths, ranging in covering all expenses of a
MARVIN E. BUSHONG, two weeks' trip. Proportionate rates from other points.
May P. O., Lancaster Co.
, Pa. price from $2 to $4 a yard, for $1.25. To Yellowstone Park and the Trans-Missis
We offered $1.50 for our choice, and sippi Exposition on a special train of Pullman FOULKE FAMILY PHOTOGRAPH
took the best of them. sleeping, compartment, observation, and dining
Taken at Reunion at Gwynedd, May 30. $1.00.
At lowest calculation these suit patterns cars, allowing eight days in “ Wonderland Photograph of Edward Foulke's House.
could not be made up to sell for less than and two days at Omaha, September 1. Rate,
J. MITCHELL ELLIOT,
$30 each. Every one is of foreign man
West Chelten Avenue, Germantown. $235 from New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore,
ufacture. We offer them at $20 each, and Washington ; $230 from Pittsburg.
H, L, ROBERTS & CO., 15 S. 13th St., Philad'a.
made up in any style suit desired.
About one hundred styles. One suit each return within ten days will be sold on July 21, August 4 and 18, September 1, 15, and 29, at
140 North Fifteenth Street, rate of $10 from Philadelphia, Baltimore, and
E. 0. THOMPSON'S SONS, Washington. These tickets include transporta
will close for the summer on SEVENTH-DAY, SIXTH 1338 CHESTNUT STREET, PHILADELPHIA. PA. tion only, and will permit of stop over within MONTH 18th, 1898. Any communications regarding limit at Buffalo, Rochester, and Watkins on the
Association work should be addressed to
ELIZA H. WORRELL, return trip.
1424 N. Bouvier Street, Philadelphia.
and EMBALMER For itineraries and further information apply are able to offer the best and most serviceable
ESTABLISHED 1860. to ticket agents, or address Geo. W. Boyd, As- watches for the least money. Give us a call.
TELEPHONE 5807. sistant General Passenger Agent, Philadelphia.
GEO. C. CHILD, 1020 Chestnut St.-2d Floor.
No. 1313 Vine Street,
Established 1810 at 824 North Second Street. Hanscoms'. Our prices are the lowest, our
variety the most complete, and quality as near perfect as can be had. Shall we mail
Swarthmore. à price catalogue for comparison ?
rooms, steam heat, and open fire grates. The
the athletic grounds of the College, and very YEO & LUKENS, close to the meeting-house; one acre of ground, CLEMENT A. WOODNUTT
and plenty of fruit. Apply to
Undertaker 23 North 13th Street (above Market) Shoes
and Embalmer, Most desirable are our Summer
1728 GIRARD AVENUE, PHILADELPHIA. Law and Conveyancing BLANKS. lines of Shoes, and at most tempting
1311 Market Street,
STATIONERY - BLANK BOOKS • PRINTING
613 Walnut Street.
The Right Shoe for
You is the
Best Shoe prices
In the popular Oxford for Women we have
S. F. Balderston's Son soft, cool and comfortable Shoes, black or tan; turned with a heavy mock welt
WALL PAPERS edge. The price is $2.50, but there's
New Styles for Spring. $4.00 worth of looks, wear, and comfort. Estimates Given. Boys require pretty sturdy Shoes for the
Window Shades Made to Order. play of vacation time. We provide for 902 Spring Garden St. Philadelphia, Penna. them with a dark brown Shoe in Grain Stock, made to stand wear. No use to pay more when these may be had in WALL PAPER of sizes 27% to 6 for $2.25, and in 1 to 2
Attractive Styles sizes for $2.00.
A. L. Diament & Co.,
Window Shades, etc.
33 N. Second St., Philad'a.