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LAING SCHOOL REPORT.

tian is one who possesses that life, a vital living force or The report of the thirty-third year (ending Fifth month 27, reality that has always been from the very beginning. The 1898) of the Laing Normal and Industrial School, at Mount end and objective interest of human life is to develop and esPleasant, S. C., has been sent out. It presents a very full tablish this life in the human breast. There thus remains but statement of the work of the school. The number of scholars one thing in life worth living for and that is to gain character, enrolled during the year was 425, the largest number in at- that in the performance of our daily duties we may exemplify tendance being 400.

The aim of the school “has always that we are not mere professor but possessors of this inherent been to give a common-school education to the many, rather

life. than a more advanced education to the few.” One-half or The Teaching of Friends” was presented by Eugene A. more of the pupils are village children, from Mount Pleasant ; Reynolds, who spoke of the true beauty of silent worship. the remainder came from adjoining plantations, or more re- “We worship God when our spirits touch His.” So in mote places in the interior. Those who live no farther away

silence we meet, having faith in the ever present Holy Spirit, than seven or eight miles walk, daily, but those whose homes to draw nigh unto the Father and wait to hear his voice are more distant board in the village, or bring “rations,'' which speaks in the ear of the soul. hire rooms and board themselves.

A paper prepared by Elizabeth R. Lincoln regarding The expenses of the school for the past year were $2,740.- " Ourselves and Others was likewise much appreciated, it 70. Of this $2,100 was for salaries of teachers, of whom coming right in touch with the routine of life, and aiding us there are ten, including Abby D. Munro, Principal. Ex- in deciding how we can best keep to the right path, which is cept $160 from the public-school fund, appropriated by the the thing of paramount importance to each of us. Even in the County Commissioners to the school, and $80 received from trivial affairs of life we need to ask ourselves the question, pupils, the support of the school has been entirely by private "What would Christ have done in the same case ?" How subscriptions and contributions. These amounted to $1,915.68. many of us would not fall short in less than a day? All the

circumstances of our lives, our homes, our friends, our joys, TEACHERS AND SCHOOLS.—Ely J. Smith, of the Class of

and our sorrows are the materials out of which we are to build '98, Swarthmore College, has been appointed to the Phillips that greatest and grandest of all structures, “A noble soul." public school, in Solebury, Bucks county.

We thus realize what a vast amount of influence we are each Mary A. John, of Bear Gap, Pa., is appointed for the capable of exerting. As Whittier puts it, “ Be thou the true coming year to the Buckmanville School, Upper Makefield, man thou dost seek," and like him obey this injunction, and Bucks county. She graduated at George School, 1897, and illustrate it by living a strong and helpful life of Christian had a public school this last year.

service. Esther B. Foulke, who had the Friends' School at Wrights- After some comments upon the papers read, the program town, Bucks county, last year, will continue the coming year. for Eighth month was read. The customary, but soul-inspir

ing silence, closed our Association. NOTES.—The Pennsylvania State Teachers' Association

ELLA F. HUNT, Cor. Sec. held its annual meeting last week at Bellefonte, adjourning on the 7th. Superintendent E. Mackey, of Reading, was chosen president. Among the vice-presidents are Richard Darling- MICKLETON, N. J.—The Quarterly Meeting's Visiting ton, of Chester county, and Elizabeth Lloyd, of Bucks.

Committee, having an appointment at Mickleton, on the The Newtown Enterprise says : Among the large number morning of Sixth month 1o, the Philanthropic Committee of applicants for the position of principal of the Girls' High arranged for a meeting in the afternoon, with the thought of School at Burlington, N. J., are several who forwarded their having the help of visiting Friends, in which we were not photographs to the school trustees, and one applicant not only disappointed, and the meeting was considered a complete sent her photograph but her weight and height also.

The most encouraging feature was the willing service

rendered by all who were asked to participate. The day was AT WORCESTER, MASS.—President Birdsall, of Swarth- all that could be desired, and the exercises were in harmony more College, left on the 12th inst., for Worcester, Mass., to with the surroundings. Representatives from the near neighattend the Summer Session of Clark University. It continues

borhoods were in attendance. two weeks. Henry R. Russell, of New York Friends' Semi- The meeting opened with a prayer offered by Rachel M. nary, is also among those attending.

Lippincott, asking for strength and help in this grand work

that lies before us. Then a portion of the both chapter of SWARTHMORE COLLEGE.-Superintendent Hall has ener- Isaiah was read by Job T. Haines, followed by an excellent getically resumed the work in his department, since returning

paper on

“ Plant Life an Emblem of Human Life," read by from the West. President Birdsall, whose residence has been Rachel Livezey Borton. An essay on Tobacco, written by in Germantown, (Philadelphia), will occupy the president's Mary Owen, was read, showing what a good influence the house, on the College grounds, early next month.

young women might have over the young men, and of the

evil effects of tobacco on the human system. MEETING AT WESTBURY.--A meeting in charge of the This was followed by a paper on Peace and Arbitration, Educational Committee of New York Yearly Meeting is ap- written by Hannah Moore, showing that Peace and Arbitrapointed to be held at Westbury, L. I., on the 24th inst., at tion would do more towards settling difficulties than all the 2.30 p. m. President Birdsall, of Swarthmore College, will be wars can do. Several very appropriate pieces were then present and address the meeting, and the company of Helen

rendered on the subjects by some of the younger members, Magill White is also expected.

followed by some excellent remarks by Joel Borton, William T. Hilliard, and others, after which the meeting closed, all

feeling that it had been a very profitable time. E. B. H. Conferences, Associations, Etc.

success.

PERSONAL NOTES.

RISING SUN, MD.-Ata regular meeting of the Young Friends' Association, held at West Nottingham on the 3d of Seventh month, the opening exercises consisted of the reading of the 96th Psalm, which contained the thought that if true piety be extended over the whole earth, God will finally establish all that is good upon an enduring and unchangeable basis. Some beautiful thoughts were expressed at roll-call, after which the minutes were read and approved.

The regular exercises were begun by Albert Buffington reading a paper entitled Christianity as Friends see it." Friends hold, he said, that Christianity. is a life, and a Chris

MARTHA SCHOFIELD is now staying with Clara S. Schreiner (a teacher at the Schofield School), at Centre Harbor, New Hampshire. The minister of the Congregational Church at Merideth invited her to his pulpit, and to occupy his sermon time in telling the congregation of her work, which she did last First-day morning, the ioth. While in this neighborhood she has had great pleasure in being a guest with the youngest son of her revered friend General 0. 0. Howard and making a call at a camp on the Lake, upon the widow of Gen. S. C. Armstrong, formerly of the School at Hampton, Va.

I.

air ;

II.

For Friends' Intelligencer.

Famine, with his hollow cheek, shall flee the happiness it TWO PICTURES.

brings, But the laugh of ruddy children cheers the region where it

rings. ONE summer noon we lay reclined beneath

Church bells, sequent to that music, swing in belfries high in The softly whispering maples' cooling shade,

Peace, the placid child of Plenty, shall extend her borders And saw the sly, bright sunbeams trickle through

there. The crannies that the weaving leaves had made ;

In the earth's warm hand at springtime lay the seed, her The world was fair, the sound of childhood's laughter

rightful tithe, With chirp of birds came sweetly to our ear,

And the autumn shall re-echo to the whetstone on the scythe.

Curtis May. And from the hay-field with insistent rattle The mower's sharp staccato rang out clear ;

A SUMMER VISIT TO ARIZONA. Knee deep amid the fragrant smelling clover,

Notes of a lecture by Prof. O. C. S. Carter, of the Boys' High We saw the sturdy farmer stride along,

School, Philadelphia. Furnished the INTELLIGENCER by George B. And from his lips there floated at the moment

Cock, Stenographer.
The whistled fragments of familiar song ;

WHEN I contemplated visiting Arizona last summer I The sleek-limbed horses shook their clanking harness was advised by friends not to undertake the journey

And sniffed the freshness of the new-mown grass, at that season. They said the heat would be intense, While now and then a lark would rise in terror

and would render the visit very unpleasant; but I To see the stranger near her household pass;

found that they had failed to take into consideration We watched, and all seemed strangely calm and quiet ; the fact that the northern part of Arizona is a plateau We heard no note of anguish or of strife,

country for hundreds of miles.

If you will draw a And in the presence of that peaceful prospect

line from east to west through the central part, all We only thought, -"How beautiful is life !"

that portion of the territory north of this line is elevated from 5,000 to 7,000 feet above sea-level,

about equal to the White Mountains. It is 30 colder The scene was changed ; o'er happy home and fireside

for every thousand feet we ascend; and at an elevaThe grim Destroyer's icy hand had passed,

tion of 7,000 feet of plateau we could not have inAnd one we loved in full undying measure Had fall’n to slumber in our arms at last;

tensely hot weather. So I found the northern part of

Arizona, even in July, rather pleasant, with temperaIn darkened room, o'er bier and sable vestments

tures of 80° and 85°. Sometimes it would be a little The cypress and the lotos twined in grief,

hotter than that, but it was not unbearable. I have And hearts that felt the touch of desolation

suffered more from heat in Philadelphia during many Seared to the semblance of their withered leaf ;

a July and August than in Arizona, 300 miles nearer Dry were our eyes; our sorrow's chiefest sorrow

the equator. Came with remembrance of the vanished love,

In Southern Arizona, however, the climate is inAnd only dulled the deep-set pain of parting

tensely hot. The elevation of the northern portion The hope of following to that home above ;

descends in a series of steps until at the southern line Then as we gazed upon those earthly features, We saw the lines of trouble fade away,

you are only a few feet above sea level. The southern

section is probably the hottest place in the United And only peaceful calm and holy gladness,

States. At Mammoth Hot Tank, near the Southern Shone on the face upraised to meet the day; The cares of life had fled upon the pinions

Pacific Railroad, a temperature of 128° in the shade

has been reached in summer time; and at Fort Yuma, Of the stern angel, with the fleeting breath,

on the Colorado River, in the extreme southwestern And as we saw that look of exaltation,

corner, the temperature rises to about 120°,-it was We murmured low, " How beautiful is death!"

that last summer, in a railway car. So that there is a ELY J. SMITH.

diversity of summer climate, from a fairly comfortable THE WHETSTONE ON THE SCYTHE.

temperature in the northern elevated part to a heat

equal to that of the Desert of Sahara in the south. In the dawn, with tasseled caps, the corn stands yellow on the

The air is very dry. Of course you would naturplain, And the breeze with cresting ripples sweeps the fluctuating ally expect that from a region located like Arizona ; grain,

the Rocky Mountains condense the moisture from the Up and down the tuneful gamut runs the hushed and mur- east, and the Coast Range or the Sierra Nevada conmurous sound

dense that from the west,-either snow or rain,-so Of the growing things that open dormer-windows in the ground.

the winds from the east and the west, by the time they Then the birds, in clumps of bushes, greet the light with anthems sweet,

get to Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico, are dry. And the chirr of squirrels in hollow trees is heard across the The Territory is a great resort now for consumptives. wheat,

They are flocking to Phoenix and Tuckson in southern While the farmer-lads are whistling at their labor, brown and

Arizona, instead of going to places like Florida and blithe, And the meadow hears the music of the whetstone on the southern Colorado; but when the summer comes on scythe.

they leave southern Arizona, on account of the intense

heat and cross over to California. Presage of the bread of millions, round the earth that sound shall roll,

While passing through Arizona we crossed a small Wheresoe'er the sturdy yeoman breaks the soil to his control. canyon known as Canyon Diablo or the Devil's Can

yon, which has nothing to do with the Grand Canyon, to begin. There are, in the seven Tucsonian villages, but brought to mind a very interesting “find” of sev- two secret societies known as the “ Society of the eral years ago.

Prof. A. E. Foote, a mineralogist of Antelopes " and the “Snake Society.” After these Philadelphia, received notice from a prospector of a ceremonies have gone on for a couple of weeks, discovery of iron-ore in Arizona, accompanied by a they start out to gather the snakes. They go down sample; but Foote at once saw that it was not iron- on the plains below and generally manage to get ore at all, but was metallic iron ;-in fact, it was a about a hundred. Half of them are generally rattlemeteorite ; and as meteorites are very scarce and very snakes and the rest are bull snakes. They put them expensive, he of course journeyed post-haste to this in a bag; and on the day of the ceremony each man Devil's Canyon and there he found, scattered over the puts a snake in his mouth and his companion (known ground for two or three acres, about 200 meteorites, as the ' hugger"), puts his arm around his neck and in all, the largest find ever made in the world up to he has a snake-whip in his hand and dangles this this time. One specimen weighed about 200 pounds. snake-whip right in front of his face in order to attract When these meteorites were ground down in sections the attention of the snake, so that they will not be Dr. Koenig found them exceedingly difficult to cut, bitten ; but many of them are bitten and it is said by -one breaking several chisels; and in a cavity in the some that they have an antidote for this snake bite. meteorite were two or three small diamonds. Devil's It is known, so it is said, to the oldest woman in the Canyon, the scene of that find, is comparatively small, tribe and to the Medicine Man; and when they die, being only about 200 feet deep, and is otherwise they give the secret to others. Whether that be uninteresting.

true or not, I do not feel warranted in stating. ProAnother point which is of great interest to any

fessor Edward Drinker Cope, who was very good one visiting Arizona, is the peculiar Indian tribes who authority, once said he did not feel quite certain—he inhabit that region ;—the Moquis, for example, who was rather inclined to doubt the existence of an antilive in northeastern Arizona. It is a rather trouble- dote ; but it is said these Indians are bitten quite fresome place to get to, as it is away from the beaten quently; and I would not be surprised at all if they track and from the civilized portion of the Territory. | have some cure which is not known to civilized races, The trip, if you attempt to make it from Flagstone, is These mesas are devoid of soil ; but in the plains a very unpleasant one. You have to cross the below the Indians raise pumpkins, melons, and a few Painted Desert, and that is not quite on such an ele- vegetables. They also have peach trees. vated plateau ; there is a drop of about 3,000 feet The most interesting wonder in Arizona, aside there, and it is an intensely hot desert. Some who from the Indians, is the Grand Canyon. Very few have tried to cross it in the hot summer months have people from the East have visited this, and many conhad to go back; but Ward Merriam, who crossed it fuse it with the canyon of the Colorado, of the State recently, had a very hard time of it—though from of Colorado,—which is really a canyon of the ArkanHolbrook northward the journey to the Moqui sas River. This latter is a wonderful canyon, about Indians can be made with considerable comfort. You 2,000 feet deep, but very narrow. The canyon of the require a camping outfit and a pretty good team of Yellowstone, too, I have admired, and would not horses; and the journey can be made in about two want to say anything that would detract an iota from days. It is certainly a very interesting place to visit. its splendor ; as you stand on Point Lookout and see These Moqui Indians are supposed to be descendants that gorgeous coloring along the sides you cannot fail of the Cliff Dwellers. They have made their homes to admire its great beauty. But that of the Yellowon these high mesas, or flat-topped bluffs, four hun- stone is only about 1,200 feet deep, and neither it nor dred and five hundred feet high, which are ascended

the Colorado Canyon can be compared,-it is simply by steps cut in the rocks. On the bluffs these Indians out of the question,—with the Grand Canyon of the have built their villages. They are built of stone set

Colorado River in Arizona. They might be put away in mortar made of mud. The mud is carried from in its vast depths and be out of sight. the valleys below on the backs of the Indians. The The Colorado River is formed by the junction of dwellings are generally about two stories high, and

the Green and the Grand rivers. The Green rises , without windows or doors; but they ascend their about sixty miles south of the Yellowstone Park in dwellings by means of a ladder and then pull the lad- | Wyoming ; and the Grand River rises near Long's. der up after them. They raise quite a number of Peak, in the State of Colorado. These unite in Utah goats; and they have pens along the inesas in which and form the Colorado, which then flows south, and the goats are kept at night. In the morning they

In the morning they then westerly through Arizona, then flows south drive them to the nearest grass, four or five miles again, forming the boundary between Arizona and distant.

Nevada and Arizona and California, -finally emptying What is most interesting about these peculiar into the Gulf. This, undoubtedly, is the great river Indians is their Snake-dance. The Snake-dance is

of the west. Its length is about 2,000 miles, and it is the ceremony that they offer to their gods for rain formed by the melting of the snows from the Rocky (this being an exceedingly arid country). There is no Mountains; and yet along its southern course it flows. regular date for the Snake-dance. There is a series through this intensely hot region, the Colorado of notched hills among which the Moqui villages lie;

Desert. and when the sun gets in a certain position in one of

The river is enclosed in high walls through Utah, these notched hills, that is the signal for the ceremony

and for 200 miles in northern Arizona it flows through

these canyons, here constituting the Grand Canyon, and other constituents taken from the desert. The proper.

The journey to the canyon is not an un- walls there are almost as grand as those in the main pleasant one. You leave “civilization " when you canyon. Powell noticed in the canyon, in the river, leave the town of Flagstaff

, and taking the stage, columns of lava 100 feet in height coming right up drawn by six horses, the journey northward begins. out of the river. The river there was cutting through

Captain Powell, who was Director of the United the granite, and was a roaring torrent. Away up on States Geological Survey before the present incum- the rim of the canyon, about 3,000 feet above, he bent, in 1869 started out to explore the Colorado could see, clearly outlined, a volcanic cone.

What a River and the Grand Canyon. The river had never sight that must have been, ages ago, when the molten been explored by white men, and he was advised by lava poured right over the rim into the Colorado the Indians not to undertake the journey; all the River and virtually dammed it up! traders and white men in that region advised him They held a consultation here, and three of the

gainst it. . They told him the river had a subterra- men determined to leave Powell. He did not want nean channel in some parts, that there were whirl- them to go; but they tried to persuade him not to pools and rapids there, and that he could never man- continue his journey ; and after a long debate, he let age to get through. But he started out, with nine them go, giving them ammunition and what food men and four boats, built especially for the purpose, could be spared. The flour had been wet so often by of strong oak with steel bulkheads,—the boats being the boats upsetting that they had to sift it through divided into compartments; and in these different mosquito netting; and they lost nearly all of it and compartments the provisions were stored. They took had but a few pounds left on nearing the end of the rations for a ten months' journey. The flour and journey. The three men who left Powell after great provisions they divided among the different boats, so difficulties got to the top of the plateau ; and they that in case one should be lost they would have some- there fell in with a hostile Indian tribe, who slaughthing left. They set out, May 24, 1869, from Utah, tered them. If they had only stayed with Powell on the Green River; and they went along very peace- twenty-four hours ionger their dangers would have fully down the river, with an uneventful journey, until been at an end; because in that time his tremendous they reached Canyon Leduc, about twenty miles long. task was virtually completed. It had taken him three There one of the boats went over a falls, struck a rock months; and he had traveled a thousand miles. in the whirlpool, and was broken in half. The men were thrown out, and swam to an island, from which

MACAULAY ON ENGLAND'S COLONIES. they were rescued by Powell's party. But the boat had lodged on some rocks, and in it were all their in

In his Essay on the West Indies, (Essays, Vol VI., P: 324),

Macaulay, discussing the Colonial policy of England, expressed himself struments-their barometers, thermometers, and vari

very energetically. ous other scientific instruments they had taken along ; THERE are some who assert that, in a military and and they knew they must have them in order to make political point of view, the West Indies are of great observations. Finally, they managed to swim out to importance to this country. This is a common but a the broken boat and recover the instruments, and again monstrous misrepresentation. We venture to say started on their journey. It was not like sailing that colonial empire has been one of the greatest down a river. There are high, precipitous walls, two, curses of modern Europe. What nation has it ever three, four thousand feet. There are places where

There are places where strengthened? What nation has it ever enriched ? there are trails from the rim of the canyon down to What have been its fruits ? Wars of frequent occurthe bottom; and if you are fortunate enough to find rence and immense cost, fettered trade, lavish expenone of these you may get up to the plain, but for a diture, clashing jurisdiction, corruption in governgreat distance along this canyon of 200 miles you are ments, and indigence among the people. What have a prisoner. After they had journeyed for a while one Mexico and Peru done for Spain, the Brazils for of the men said he had had enough of danger; and he Portugal, Batavia for Holland ?

Portugal, Batavia for Holland ? Or, if the experience finally got home by way of the Ute Indian Reserva

of others is lost upon us, shall we not profit by our tion. Powell allowed him to go, although he said he own? What have we not sacrificed to our infatuated was a very faithful man ; but since they had lost the

passion for transatlantic dominion? This it is that boat they were rather crowded.

has so often led us to risk our own smiling gardens The description of this journey is published by the

and dear firesides for some snowy desert or infectious United States Government, being a volume of several morass on the other side of the globe. This inspired hundred pages, and it reads like a romance. Powell's

us with the project of conquering America. This concise account of his journey through that canyon induced us to resign all the advantages of our insular equals, in thrilling interest, almost any of the descrip- situation—to embroil ourselves in the intrigues and tions of the journeys made by any of our Arctic ex- fight the battles of half the continent—to form coaliplorers. The Marble Canyons were 3,000 feet in tions which were instantly broken, and to give subheight, and of beautifully variegated marble of many sidies which were never earned. This gave birth to hues ; and all along there was a kind of platform, half the fratricidal war against American liberty, with all a mile in extent. Finally, they came to the Colorado

its disgraceful defeats and all its barren victories, and Chiquito,—the Little Colorado River,—which flows

all the massacres of the Indian hatchet, and all the through the Painted Desert. The water flowing into bloody contracts of the Hessian slaughter-house. the main river is heavily loaded with lime, magnesia, This it was which, in the war against the French

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Republic, induced us to send thousands and tens belief which are important, but not really vital. A marriage of thousands of our bravest troops to die in West

between a Protestant and a Catholic may be happy, though

such alliances are highly inconvenient. The marriage which Indian hospitals, while the armies of our enemies

may be expected to fail is one between persons who are not were pouring over the Rhine and the Alps. When a

likely to agree as to what is right and what is wrong.colonial acquisition has been in prospect, we have Exchange. thought no expenditure extravagant, no interference perilous: Gold has been to us as dust, and blood as

Spain's South Coast and Interior. water. Shall we never learn wisdom ?

ALONG the Mediterranean shore Spain presents a narrow Those who maintain that settlements so remote ribbon of fertile, delightful country. The region is often conduce to the military or maritime power of nations,

called “the Garden of Spain," and its inhabitants are active

and industrious. In the Province of Valencia, from the city fly in the face of history. The colonies of Spain

of the same name, to Alicante, garden follows close upon were far more extensive and populous than ours.

garden.

Here are grown wheat, wine, raisins, oranges, dates, Has Spain at any time within the last two centuries

and olives. In these regions irrigation is successfully pracbeen a match for England either by land or by sea ?

tised. The greater part of the water of the short coast streams Fifty years ago our colonial dominions in America

is thus employed. Little rain falls, and what does come is were far larger and more prosperous than those which dreaded because of the violence of the storms and the damage we at present possess. Have we since that time ex- done by floods to the irrigation reservoirs.

It is a great contrast to pass from these tropical shores to perienced any decay in our political influence, in our

the wind-swept plains of interior Spain. The level country, opulence, or in our security ? Or shall we say that inclosed by the Guadarrama and the Cantabrian mountains, Virginia was a less valuable possession than Jamaica, forms in the west an extensive wheat-growing region. Toward or Massachusetts than Barbadoes ?

the east, as the rainfall decreases, pasturage encroaches upon arable culture. In New Castile, on the south of the Guadar

rama and in about the center of Spain, the political capital Position in Sleep.

has been placed. The level country in which it has been A MEDICAL writer on this subject, after considering the objec- | dropped, as if by accident, is for the most part a waterless tions to lying flat on the back, says:

plain, swept in winter by the piercing winds from the naked

mountains of the north, sweltering in summer under the effect “ It is better, therefore, to lie on the side, and, in the

of the sun's rays on bare rock and soil.-E. D. Jones, in absence of special disease rendering it desirable to lie on the

North American Review. weak side, so as to leave the healthy lung free to expand, it is well to use the right side, because when the body is thus placed the food gravitates more easily out of the stomach into

Hedges and Trees Injured by Shade. the intestines, and the weight of the stomach does not com

A CORRESPONDENT, writing to Meehans' Monthly, says: "I press the upper portion of the intestines. A glance at any of

covered a honeysuckle hedge with an old tennis netting to keep the visceral anatomy will show this must be. Many persons

the balls out while playing. Removing it in part a year or so are deaf in one ear and prefer to lie on a particular side. But, if possible, the right side should be chosen. Again,

later, I noticed that the vines seemed affected ; a part of the sleeping with the arms thrown over the head is to be depre- hedge still covered, -say four years,—by the remnants of the ciated ; but this position is often assumed during sleep, be- netting, is nearly dead in appearance. Can it be that a netcause circulation is then free in the extremities and the head ting with meshes an inch across, partly over a healthy hedge, and neck and muscles of the chest are drawn up and fixed would cause this?" by the shoulders, and thus the expansion of the thorax is To which the editor replies : Partial shade, by so far as it

is shade, is injurious to young growth. It is for this reason

that it is injurious to permit vines to scramble over trees. The President Eliot on Marriage.

trees that support the vines get some light for their young growth,

as well as do the young growth of the vines; but the supporting PRESIDENT ELIOT, of Harvard University, in a recent address trees soon pass into decrepitude. Honeysuckles are often perbefore the Dorchester (Massachusetts) Woman's Club, dis- mitted to run over hedges. The writer has one in mind where cussed the happy marriage. A brief extract from his address only three years ago one was permitted to spread a few of its credits him with saying that the idealizing devotion with which

branches over an osage orange hedge, one of the most vigorous the happy marriage begins is the most admirable thing in

of any kind of live fence or hedge. There were but a few human nature. He does not seem to favor the idea that the

branches the first year spreading over the osage plants, but the

ill effects were plainly seen. The honeysuckle is still there, corner-stone of happiness in marriage is a sufficient income secured against the chances of fortune. On the contrary, he

but the osage plants are nearly dead. The fact is that the declares, that the young woman who marries for money or

young growth of any tree or shrub will not willingly share its

right to the whole field of light it desires. position is sacrificing the best of life which marriage affords. The chief conditions of a happy marriage, as he finds them, are health, common intellectual interests, and a religious belief

Think Before You Strike. held in common between husband and wife. No doubt he

I REMEMBER reading in my boyhood about a merchant travenlarged upon these conditions, and qualified the idea of the superlative importance of the latter two by taking large views

eling on horseback, accompanied by his dog. He dismounted of them. We often see, for example, people very happily

for some purpose, and accidentally dropped his package of married whose minds are so differently constituted that it money. The dog saw it, the merchant did not.

The dog seems impossible that they should have more than a limited barked to stop him, and as he rode farther, bounded in front number of intellectual interests in common. But there are of the horse and barked louder and louder. The merchant different kinds of good minds, and minds that supplement one thought he had gone mad, drew a pistol from his holster and another seem quite as well suited to harmonious associations shot him. The wounded dog crawled back to the package, as those that run in parallel grooves.

and when the merchant discovered his loss and rode back, he So as to a common religious belief. That must mean found his dying dog lying there, faithfully guarding the agreement in the great essentials, the roots of which lie deep treasure. in character, and which really determine standards and shape The following little story, told by a friend of mine, is not conduct. The existence of practical agreement of this sort is as painful, but adds force to the thought : Think before you not necessarily inconsistent with much variation in details of strike any creature that cannot speak. When I was young

easy."

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