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Friends' Intelligencer and Journal. mention any instance of which this is not a true de

scription. The injustice, the rapacity, the lusts of men, EDITORS:

are the active agencies that bring on war, and it is HOWARD M. JENKINS. LYDIA H. HALL. RACHEL W. HILLBORN.

impossible that anything thus evolved can be good. If PHILADELPHIA, FIFTH MONTH 28, 1898.

it be claimed that resistance in arms may at times be

justifiable, this, if it were conceded, would not touch KNOWING AND NOT DOING.

the major fact—that, as already said, war is a direct We suppose that hardly any one has failed to hear, or

growth from evil desires and designs. This being to see in print, within a few months past, an expres- true, how empty of intelligent force must be the plea sion like this: “I know that the Christian rule is

that war is normal ! To concede that is to turn the against war, but I confess I'm not up to that stand

world upside-down, and reverse all the progress it has ard." Or the remark may be slightly varied : “No

made from the days of our savage ancestors. doubt the teaching of Christ is good in theory, but There must be a responsibility upon every one for it cannot be carried out in actual life.” Or yet again :

a right example, even in unconventional words, and “ Peace may be all very well for a few good people, familiar conversation, when great questions are treated but to the mass of mankind war is natural, and always of. To encourage and countenance, even by a caremust be."

less remark, the system by which mankind continue It would be a task uncongenial, and probably spending their strength in desolation and destruction profitless, to attempt to analyze the mental and moral is to incur a grave responsibility. condition which brings forth such expressions as these. But some observations may be made upon

THE demand for “a larger army" is now made with them. To know the truth and not do it is the worst

much energy. We were

We were “unprepared” for war, it is stated, sort of offending. Sinning unawares may hope for -the natural commentary upon which must be, Then why pardon, but that done against light and knowledge did we go to war? A daily journal in a near city concludes a must surely expect to encounter its just penalty. long article on the theme of having a larger army by saying :

The future army and navy of the United States will be Those who know the rule of Christ, but choose not

worthy of the nation. We have builded too much on peace. to follow it, must expect to bear the consequences Hereafter, while shunning war, according to our that may be entailed.

policy, we will be better prepared for it.” The statement It may

be remarked how much it seems to be as- that “we have builded too much on peace” affords itself a sumed that convictions entertained, or professions sufficient commentary on the whole argument ! made, are to be considered only for the time that is con

Much is said to show the basis of sympathy existing venient, not for that which is difficult. It is to be a faith

between England and the United States. for fair weather only, and no apology need be made reason why the two countries have a common ground is that for laying it aside when the skies darken! What real they are countries in which civil liberty survives—though

In nearly indifference and superficiality this discloses ! Principles threatened now in each instance by militarism. that will not endure trial do not deserve the name.

every other country civil. liberty is crushed under foot, or at

least led in chains, by military despotism. Considered in another light, the confession that the right, the Christian, rule is familiar, but that the The fox who had lost his tail in a trap trying to persuade person confessing will not now follow it, is as if one the other foxes that they ought to cut off their tails and be should say, “I know it is wrong to steal, but I am

like him, was a plausible person compared with the military

nations, sinking under the burden of war preparations, who not inclined, now, to be honest. It is despicable to

would like to see the United States, take upon itself the same lie, but at present, I shall not try to tell the truth."

sort of load. And yet there are people in the United States If the Christ rule of life forbids wars and fightings, as who think, or say they do, that this would be the way to it does theft and falsehood, why is the transgression strengthen the nation ! at one point more pardonable than at another? Why

BIRTHS. should any one assume that this lapse may be con

HEACOCK.---At Alliance, Ohio, Fifth month 20, 1898, to sidered venial while that may not be ?

William A. and Lucretia M. Heacock (members of Race The assumption that war is natural, while peace is Street Monthly Meeting, Philadelphia), a daughter, who is

named Edith Macy. unnatural, reverses the experience of mankind. All history shows that whatever results have been achieved

DEATHS. by war have been accomplished through suffering and

BRANSON.–Fifth month 18, 1898, at the residence of misery, and that even if the results themselves be his son, J. Holmes Branson, M. D., in Washington, D. C., valuable—and often they are not the method of after a lingering and painful illness of several months, during

which he evinced much patient resignation, Nathaniel B. reaching them has been hurtful. It would be hard to Branson, a member and elder of Hopewell Particular and

--

The essential

Editors FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER :

WILSON.--Fifth month

Monthly Meeting, Frederick county, Va., aged 70 years and THE PERSECUTED DOUKHOBORTSI. 18 days.

B. ELY._Fifth month 12, 1898, at his home, Rosedale, Wyandotte, Co., Kansas, (near Kansas City), Samuel S. Ely,

The fact of your having, a few months ago, published son of George and Phebe Ely, deceased, of Upper Makefield, in your paper a favorable review of a little book of Bucks county, Pa., in the 63d year of his age.

mine, describing the persecution of the Doukhobortsi [He had been a resident in the West for many years. His wife, Sarah, was the daughter of Yardley Cadwallader, of (or Spirit Wrestlers) of the Caucasus, encourages Upper Dublin, and sister to Mary B. Lightfoot. He was for

me to hope that you will not refuse to insert in your some time trader at the Otoe agency, in Nebraska, and later columns this letter. By so doing, you would lend a Agent for the Pawnees.]

helping hand to a whole population now suffering JUSTICE.-At Denver, Col., Fifth month 22, 1898, martyrdom for their conscience' sake. . The following George Middleton Justice, in his 44th year, son of the late telegram from the Doukhobortsi reached me a few Albert B. and Susan H. Justice ; a member of the monthly

days ago : “Permission has been given for our emimeeting of Friends of Philadelphia. MIDDLETON.—In Philadelphia, Fifth month 18, 1898, gration at our own expense.

gration at our own expense. We ask for help and Samuel Middleton, aged 78 years.

guidance. Answer immediately.” This has been NICHOLS.-At his home near Belmont, Ohio, Fifth

confirmed by a letter received from them to-day remonth 5, 1898, after a very brief illness, Eli Nichols, son of questing me to communicate the news to their friends Amor and Maria Nichols (deceased). Interment at Friends in various countries. burial-ground, at Plainfield, Belmont county, Ohio.

This permission is precisely what the DoukhoHe leaves a wife and five grown children to mourn the loss of a provident and loving companion and father, and a large

bortsi themselves, and their friends, have for some circle of relatives and friends, whose memory of him is that of time been endeavoring to obtain. Their position, one faithful, industrious, and consistent in the performance of therefore, is now such as to enable those who sympathe varied duties that came to him on life's pathway.

thise with them to at last save them from further OGDEN.-In New York City, Fifth month 17, 1898, cruel suffering. suddenly, Lizzie Bowman, widow of Henry Corbit Ogden.

Being persecuted by a government which had unTAYLOR.–Near Riverton, N. J., Fifth month 23, 1898,

controlled power over them, no permanent help could Ruth, daughter of Howard G. and Anna M. Taylor, aged 9 months.

hitherto be rendered them from outside. It has only Fifth month 15, 1898, Hannah Thomas,

been possible to mitigate their sufferings to a certain widow of John Wilson, in her 83d year; a member of the extent by sending them monetary help, which has Monthly Meeting of Friends of Philadelphia.

been afforded with generosity by those who have at CORRECTION.—The death notice last week should have heart the sufferings of these Christian martyrs, and read Rebecca Ann, widow of Ellwood Middleton.

especially by the Society of Friends on both sides of

the Atlantic. Upwards of £2,000 has been forwarded MEETINGS YEARLY MEETING WEEK, during the last three years, saving many among them We regret not to have a fuller report of the meetings from starvation. This relief has, however, of course held at Fifteenth and Race streets meeting-house on

fallen far short of the necessities of a whole populathe four evenings of yearly meeting week. . They tion, suffering from want of every kind. were all well attended, interesting, and satisfactory.

With the last remittance messages of sympathy On Second-day evening, the 9th, Young Friends' and encouragement were sent to them from friends in Association of Philadelphia presented a special pro- different countries. The reading of these, as well as gram, a consideration of the life and labors of the relief they received, affected them deeply, and in Lucretia Mott, the appointed speakers being Samuel expressing their gratitude to the messenger, they S. Ash, Ellen H. E. Price, and Isaac H. Clothier. added that opportune and welcome as was the material

On Third-day evening, as usual, the subjects of help, yet the expression of spiritual sympathy from Temperance and Tobacco, and Improper Publications, their far-off friends was still dearer to them. were given consideration, under direction of the sub- The last two instalments for their relief were sent committees on these subjects of the Philanthropic by the hands of sympathisers, but the help thus Committee. Dr. Jesse H. Holmes and Dr. Joseph S. rendered was so adverse to the plans of the Russian Walton were the principal speakers.

authorities, that in each case the persons who conThe usual meeting of Philadelphia First-day veyed the money were banished from the Caucasus; School Association was held on Fourth-day evening, one of them, an Englishman, being summarily exand attention was given to a paper by Cornelia J. pelled from Russia altogether. This fact, in connecShoemaker, and an address by Edward Farquhar, of tion with information which reaches us of the proSandy Springs, Md.' Both were heard with much longation of the cruelties inflicted on the Doukhosatisfaction; the latter had previously been a stranger bortsi, shows that the Russian Government, far from to most of his audience.

relenting, hopes in the end by such continued perseOn Fifth-day evening the subjects of the Indians cution to compel those who are left to renounce their and Peace and Arbitration were presented. On the faith. Out of 4,000 ruined and exiled from their former, Herbert Welsh, secretary of the Indian homes, about 1,000 have died from privation and Rights Association, delivered an excellent address. there is not the slightest doubt that the survivors are On the latter Jesse H. Holmes, Alfred H. Love, eventually destined to the same lingering death, unless Howard M. Jenkins, David Ferris, Herbert Welsh those who realize the full import of this Christian and others spoke briefly. It was pronounced a very movement, and sympathize with the sufferers, rescue good meeting.

them speedily.

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The first necessary step has been accomplished, and thankfully accept any donations towards the and the time has now come to follow it up effectively emigration fund.

V. TCHERTKOFF. in a way for which no opening has been hitherto Purleigh, Essex, England, March 31. offered. The permission for the Doukhobortsi to emigrate

“ LOYALTY." having at last been granted, their fate is no longer

Paper read at Abington First-day School Union, at Norristown, solely in the hands of a power from which we cannot Fourth month 16, 1898, in answer to the question, “ Can Friends save them. It now rests with us, and the number maintain their Peace principles, at the present crisis, and yet remain

loyal to country?'' who may be saved from further suffering and from

My opinions on this theme may be stated briefly : If death, must depend upon the earnestness of the effort

we, as Friends, claim to be followers of the meek and we make to help these, our brothers, who have shown so high an example of true Christianity carried out

lowly Jesus, who “ when others reviled him, reviled into practice.

not again," who taught that if “any smite thee on one May God help us clearly to realize the full extent

cheek, thou shalt turn to him the other also ;" then

surely our duty is plain. The other day, I found, of the responsibility placed upon us at such a

quite unexpectedly, a poem by Bernard Barton, written moment !

years ago, but which seems so appropriate just now, If only the friends of the Doukhobortsi do indeed

and accords so thoroughly with my idea, I cannot desire it, they may now be freed from persecution and

forbear quoting a stanza or two : removed to another land, where they will be restored to such conditions of life as we ourselves are happily

• Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you."

If such the legacy bequeathed by Jesus to his own : permitted to enjoy. Practically, the first thing to be

If such the meek injunctions breathed, ere he from earth done is at once to raise a fund for their emigration

had flown, from Russia. Land will have to be procured for them, How should his lowly followers fight, their journey organized, and the necessary means Reading his gracious words aright ? advanced to sustain them during the first period of 'Tis by its fruit the tree is known; the test of truth is love ; settling, and until they are able to earn their liveli- Have they then reverently shown theirs to their Lord hood.

above, Should the emigration of the whole number

Who bid their fellow-creatures bleed, in one year prove impossible it might be undertaken

And by their acts belie their creed ? by degrees; but the position of those who would

“ Thank God! this gospel truth, no more to one small sect have to wait would be ameliorated after the removal

confined, of the first party, as the local authorities, seeing that From sea to sea, from shore to shore, shall flash on many the whole body of people were eventually destined to

a mind; leave the country, would have no reason to continue

Till earth below and Heaven above, the policy of extermination, and would accordingly

Join in one hymn of peace and love !' change it for a more humane one.

Some of the very foundation stones of our Society

« Fear God At the same time it is important that the first

cry out against any recognition of war. party of emigrants should be as large as possible, i. l.,

and keep his commandments, for this is the whole duty

of man.' as much money as possible should be immediately

We recognize him as Supreme Being and raised. For if a too inconsiderable number of families

Power;

his power was and is before all, and if obediwere removed, the Government would naturally look

ence to him embraces all else, then the duty of man upon the undertaking as too insignificant to be treated

lies in keeping those commandments savoring of seriously, and would then renew its pressure upon the

Peace and not of War. Doukhoborsti, with the object of forcing them to

Friends, mind the Light,” was a favorite exhoryield to the military service with which their con

tation of the founder of our beloved Society, and science forbids them to comply.

never was it more needed than to-day when our counThe moment has come for us to test the depth of try is torn by. conflicting feelings; never did we need our unity with these our brethren, who have had to more to observe the injunction, and endeavor to mind stand in the forefront of the battle for Truth. If we

the Christ-light within, which teaches of “Peace on are Christians, not in theory only, but in practice, we

earth and good-will to all men.” shall not shrink from taking upon ourselves and our

Christianity is older than is country. Loyalty to families, if necessary, a share of the burden of hunger

Christ was the beginning of sect and of country, but and want and sore suffering, which they have so

when we are so plainly shown that the latter is emsteadfastly endured and are still enduring for our

braced in the former how easy it all is! Loyal common Master's sake and shall not delay, even for

Friends, or let us go back of that, and say loyal a day, stretching out to them the utmost help in our

Christians,—in all the term implies, following Christ power,—now that the privilege of doing so is afforded

in all things, us by Him who sent us into this world and unto

Living for him day by day ;

Going with him all the way, Whom we must each return to give account of the

there can be to my vision no question,—the right path talents with which we have been entrusted for his

shows so plainly service.

Our Peace principles are so fully a part of our More details will shortly be published, as well as

faith as to leave it in a tottering condition if they were the reports of a committee for furthering the emigra- removed, and if we “ keep the good faith,” can we be tion. In the meantime I will gladly answer enquiries, 1 disloyal citizens ? Can we rightly give anything to

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Editors FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER :

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our country which is denied by our faith? If

peace there, I learned it was thought to be a very satisfacis morally right, can it be legally wrong to maintain tory and profitable occasion. those principles ? And if peace is right for the indi- We would be glad if we could be again favored vidual, it cannot be wrong for a collection of individ- with the company of those who carry the glad mesuals. There can be no conflict between Christ's teach- / sages of love to others in need of help. ings and right living. If our living does not conform Marietta, Iowa.

T. C. H. therewith, something is the matter with our living, not with his teachings.

IS YEARLY MEETING LONG ENOUGH ? We are loyal to our country if we are desiring and endeavoring to effect its best interests, and this is best

DURING the past few years, while a silent attendant of done by being true to our highest convictions of duty.

the yearly meetings, there has grown upon me a feelAt present, many who are anxious for war are actu

ing which did not present itself in former years. I ated by the love of revenge, so at variance with

have felt the existence of an atmosphere of restraint, Christ's precepts, because some of our countrymen are of repression, which has left behind it reflections not lying in Havana harbor. Do they think the loss of

wholly salutary. more men on both sides will make the rest sweeter

I think most Friends who attend these large for those who are taking their rest now? Can two

annual meetings must have been at times conscious great wrongs ever make a right?

that, on every side of them, were hearts alive to the When, then, we are showing our desire for the

occasion ; that many testimonies were suppressed for pure Dove of Peace to hover over our borders, and

the want of time and opportunity; and that, oftenfind a resting-place on our dear land, I cannot but

times, when lips have ventured to speak, the anxious feel we are most

thought was fettered by the fear of taking up the Loyal to Christ, and loyal to country,

time of the meeting. Instances are not few when Loyal to all that is noblest and best ! If we can say 'I do as He bids me'

speakers have been audibly reminded of this danger. All then is well, for this is the test.'

No thoughtful Friend is unmindful of the necessity Byberry, Pa.

ARABELLA CARTER.

for condensation in speaking to business; but the condition often amounts to more than that, it often

results in a silent suppression which has doubtless NEWS OF FRIENDS.

been a loss to the meeting. GENESEE YEARLY MEETING of Friends will be held Probably a leading cause for this state of affairs is this year at Farmington, N. Y., commencing 13th of the assumed necessity for keeping the annual meetings Sixth month. Meeting of ministers and elders within the old-time limit of about eighteen hours. Seventh day, the 11th, at li a. m.

May there not be some doubt about the wisdom of Friends attending the meeting can reach Farm- such time limit ? This is a question which carries ington from the south, east, and west by Lehigh more weight now than formerly. Our yearly meeting Valley Railroad to Farmington station. Address : is a representative body.

is a representative body. It is supposed to sum up Oscar B. Gardner, Farmington, or W. A. Herendeen, the business of the Society for each year. But how Manchester, N. Y. Also by New York Central or eventful the years are now compared with the early West Shore Railroad to Macedon. Address : Walter

Address : Walter time!

time! There are more and larger subjects brought Lawrence, and William Greene, Macedon; or Benja- forward now than fifty or a hundred years ago. min C. Blake, Macedon Center, N. Y. Friends will There are new departments of work now undertaken confer a favor by informing on just what day and by the Society, of which there need only be named, , train they will arrive.

W. G. as illustrations, those of First-day Schools and Phil

anthropic Labor. There is widely increased work in Elwood Trueblood, a recorded minister of Blue educational matters. There munificent gifts River Monthly Meeting, Ind., (a branch of Illinois

which are to be rendered beneficent as well. Not Yearly Meeting), who is held in high esteem by all one of these responsibilities was known to the Friends who know him, in the course of an extended religious who gathered here fifty years ago. Every member visit, embracing Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, and Illinois, feels their importance, and many, I believe, regret held two meetings in the neighborhood of Marietta, that the consideration of them is apt to be so brief one at Friends' meeting-house, the other in the home

and hurried The excellent work done in committees of B. L. Pyle. Both were occasions of more than should at least have the attention of the meeting long ordinary interest. He was accompanied by our

enough to allow more expression of opinion than is esteemed friend Joshua L. Mills, an Elder of Clear usually permitted. Creek Monthly Meeting, Ill. The social meeting

In view of this condition, which I think has made with these Friends in some of our homes will also be itself apparent, the devotion of another day, or even long remembered as being helpful and comforting,

of two days, to the labors of the yearly meeting may and when they bade us farewell, having left the sweet be a subject not unworthy of future consideration. impress of their spirits upon our hearts, we feel they

Fhiladelphia.

B. took with them to their homes the heartfelt gratitude of many sincere minds. I might also add they spent mous sale among children in England. A Leeds chemist has

LIQUEUR BEANS'' are a “sweet

are a "sweet" which have had an enora short time with the Friends at Marshalltown, at the

found them to contain about 7.21 per cent. of proof spirit, or home of Joseph and Mary Holmes. Though not | about as much alcohol as in ordinary ale.

are

NOTES FROM YEARLY MEETING.

if we all endeavored to live in accord with its spirit, it would (The following notes, referring to the proceedings of Women's

do much to dispel envy and discontent, and the warfare Meeting, of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, could not conveniently be

between capital and labor. Supreme excellence is simplicity, added to our report last week, and are now separately given.]

and that is truthfulness; if we keep alive the love of truth THIRD-DAY morning. Younger sisters, whose voices have

and love of God we shall be able to fulfil every requirement never been heard in the meeting, were urged to give expres

of our Religious Society. sion to any thought which comes up in the life. By your own

In connection with the Ninth query it was thought that we obedience the spirit grows in power. The remainder of the

should not only bear testimony against war, but endeavor to Report on Philanthropic Labor was read. The various sub

keep such close watch upon our spirits that our influence in jects embraced in it were commented upon.

We were

every way, in family disputes, in neighborhood or national earnestly asked to put forth a helping hand to elevate the

quarrels, shall always inake for peace. Dissipate the warposition of the colored girls who are graduated from the

like spirit among children, teaching them that Jesus was always

the teacher of peace. schools, and who are prepared to take better places in life than those in which the degradation of slavery has put the

On Sixth-day morning the remaining queries were majority of their race. Our attention was directed to the

answered.

As this examination into our condition was concoffee-houses which are established in the poorer parts of our

cluded the query arose are we prepared to search our own city, in the hope of drawing many away from the saloons.

hearts and see wherein we are responsible for the deficiencies. The First-day School report indicated health and increas

Gratifying reports of the First-day schools appeared in the ing life in that branch of our Society work. The circle of

answer to the Eleventh query. The answers to the Twelfth

revealed the fact that a number of our teachers are not Friends' belief is widening and there is a growing interest in the meetings by this accessory. There is also an encouraging

members of our Religious Society. interest in Bible study.

In the afternoon, after the statistical report sent up from Afternoon. We were cited to a realization of the fact that

the quarterly meetings had been read, the epistle to isolated each one is individually responsible for her own actions. The

Friends was read and fully approved. In expressing her omission of known duty is the cause of all our weakness.

sympathy with those who are deprived of the pleasure of Fourth-day morning. After the meeting had been brought mingling with those of their own faith, a Friend said that her into a feeling of solemnity by an earnest address, and by

heart overflowed with gratitude for the blessings of the past

week. She felt burdens had been lifted in the communion of supplication, our friend John J. Cornell visited the meeting. He came under a sense that he was to be the bearer of glad

friend with friend, and that we should enjoy more than ever tidings to some, and of counsel to others. To those who are

before our own little home meetings. Such seasons as the seeking opportunities to do some work for the Master he

one just closing should deepen our religious life. counseled patience, until it should be made clear what the

A memorial of Abigail R. Paul, a minister and member of right course should be ; those who feel discouraged because

the meeting at 15th and Race streets, was read. One who the good old ways do not still prevail he encouraged to look

had long been associated with our departed friend thought it to the results rather than the method, while those whose hearts

a beautiful testimony to the memory of one whom we all were sorely bowed under affliction were directed to the Source

loved. Fitting of the life of one who bore loving testimony, of all Consolation. A selfish sorrow he believed had led

in our midst. some to withdraw from the service of their fellows, thus

After brief expressions of thankfulness for this most satisdepriving themselves of one of the means that God gives his

factory yearly meeting and a few moments for silent uplifting children of healing wounded hearts.

of heart to the Giver of all good, the clerk read the concluding The queries and answers were taken up at the opening of

minute, (given in last week's report). the afternoon session. In connection with the First query it was said that very few had so completely attained

The dahlia is a native of Mexico, and all the two thousbe able to do without social religious opportunities. The

and varieties are derived from two species, Dahlia variabilis attendance of meeting is a reasonable duty and in this restless

and D. coccinea, but chiefly from the former. The name was age we need to enter into silence to renew our strength ; even given in honor of Dahl, a Swedish botanist, but because the children may learn the quieting power of silence. The another genus of plants had received the same name, an neighborhood meeting for worship is the vital point in our attempt was made to change it to Georgina, which is someorganization, and unless we are faithful to it there can be no times used on the Continent of Europe, but dahlia universally healthy growth.

prevails, both popularly and among botanists in Great Britain. Regret was expressed that we could not as a people answer the Second query without qualification. A Friend said "it

A BRAZILIAN, Dr. Barreto, has made experiments with seems in this large meeting that love is our crown, and that

about 600 varieties of grapes from all parts of the world, and all discord is shut out. Let us carry this feeling out into the

has found to his surprise that most of them flourish there and world to abide with us amid its tumult.

Some of the sweet grapes yield two If love fills the heart

yield abundant wine. there can be no harmful word uttered.'

crops a year. The viticultural exposition held at Rio de In the answers to the Fourth query deficiencies were

Janeiro in March attracted much attention. admitted, and a Friend thought it was most difficult for par

varieties of grapes were on sight, and there is much talk of

the future of Brazil as a wine growing country. ents to check those under their care, but she urged them to be faithful in restraining. Also they were enjoined to train their WHAT the large cities can do with their water-front and children in habits of economy and industry, for if these be what Boston has already accomplished by transforming unused inculcated in youth they will remain a restraint upon extrava- shore land into “Seaside Pleasure Grounds," is picturesquely gance in mature years. To deny ourselves is a grand lesson described by Sylvester Baxter, in Scribner's Magazine. These to learn.

beautiful water-side parks are fruits of the genius of Frederic On the Fifth query, some Friends experienced concern Law Olmstead and of his pupil, the late Charles Eliot, who because the answers coming from meetings where men and carried out the magnificent system. women hold joint sessions make it appear that women are not clear of using intoxicants or signing licenses. Others felt

IF during a dry season, a bucket of water be placed near that women are to some extent responsible for their brothers'

a growing pumpkin or melon vine, in the course of a few

days the vine will turn from its course and get at least one of actions, and should labor to lift them up to a higher standard.

its leaves in the water.– New York Post. At the opening of the afternoon session on Fifth-day Rachel N. Mather was granted permission to visit men's CREMATION is more extensively practiced in Italy than in meeting. The meeting proceeded with the queries. Excel- any other country. The first crematorium was established in lent advice was given to those just building up homes of their Milan, in 1876, and there are now fifty in operation in Italian own, and they were lovingly urged to withstand every tempta- territory. tion to go beyond the bounds of their circumstances. Every

In the Imperial Library at Calcutta more than 100,000 part of the query was thought to be fitting and excellent, and

volumes on Indian affairs are brought together and classified.

as to

About 175

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