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of the year.


The halcyon futters in winter's track,

Conferences, Associations, Etc.
And night makes way for the morrow.
And ever a strain, of joys the sum,

RICHMOND, IND.-We are nearing the close of the third year
Sings on in the heart of the lover-

since the reorganization of the Young Friends' Association, In death sings on—that days to come

and we feel that the little seed planted with so much solicitude Are sweet as the days that are over !

at that time has truly grown into life, and sending it roots out And from these songs, whose refrain will ring in

farther and deeper into the soil, is gradually establishing itself

and unfolding its branches, to be, we hope, a shelter and our ears, we turn to a sonnet which is more seriously

blessing to many. suggestive :

Our meetings have been more fully attended the past year, DIDST THOU REJOICE?

and at no time has there been a more general interest maniDidst thou rejoice because the day was fair,

fested than at present. Since the beginning of the year the Because, in Orient splendor newly dressed,

First-day evening meetings have been held in the First-day On flowering glebe and bloomless mountain-crest

school-room, as we sometimes found it difficult for the numThe sun complacent smiled ? Ah ! didst thou dare ber in attendance to be comfortably accommodated in the The careless rapture of that bird to share,


Our program has been varied, and we have found it Which, soaring toward the dawn from dewy nest,

profitable to spend one evening out of each month in studyHailed it with song? From Ocean's treacherous breast ing the character of some of the founders of, or prominent Didst borrow the repose mild-mirrored there?

workers in, our Society. Our subject next First-day evening Thou foolish heart! Behold! the light is spent ;

is Resurrection.” It will also be our anniversary meeting, Rude thunders shake the crags ; songs timorous cease ; and a portion of the time will be spent in reviewing the work Lo! with what moan and mutinous lament Ocean his pent-up passions doth release !

We hope to gain much from the coming of the Conference O thou who seekest sure and fixed content,

in Eighth month and are looking forward with interest to that Search in thy soul ! there find some source of peace. event. Many of our members have expressed great pleasure And finally, to complete a quartette which we are

at the prospect of learning more of the manner of work, and

of becoming personally acquainted with the members of sure will give to our readers the pleasure we have in

other Associations, and the wish is often expressed that there presenting it, let us select this beautiful and impres- may be a full attendance. ELLA GIBSON, Cor. Sec. sive hymn of three stanzas :

RISING SUN, MD.-At West Nottingham, on the 3d of

Fourth month, the Young Friends' Association met immediBe Thou my guide, and I will walk in darkness

ately after the close of meeting, and was opened by the presiAs one who treads the beamy heights of day,

dent reading the seventh chapter of “ Matthew," the ending Feeling a gladness amidst desert sadness,

of the Sermon on the Mount. Some beautiful thoughts were And breathing vernal fragrance all the way.

expressed in the senitments at roll-call, after which the minBe Thou my wealth, and, reft of all besides Thee, utes of last meeting were read and approved. I will forget the strife for meaner things,

There being no deferred business, the regular exercises Blest in the sweetness of thy rare completeness,

were considered. Albert Buffington gave a synopsis of the And opulent beyond the dream of kings.

sixth chapter of Janney's History of Friends, showing the dif

ficulties under which they labored, that a higher conception of Be Thou my strength, O lowly One and saintly !

spirituality might be attained. And, though unvisioned ills about me throng,

The question, What is meant by that passage of Scripture, Though danger woo me and deceit pursue me,

"Hide not your light under a bushe!” ? was answered very Yet in the thought of Thee I will be strong !

satisfactorily by Charles Buffington, who thought we should

each be willing to perform our part ; no matter how insignifiWe need say no more to assure those who may

cant the task might appear to us, we would thus be letting make themselves owners of this little volume that light shine,” illuminating, as it were, some greater task, they have increased their valuable possessions. It is which we would in turn be given strength to perform. an addition, indeed, not merely to the company of Current Topics, as given by Mary Richards, proved both books, but to the world of poetic thought and refined

interesting and instructive. The subject for discussion, “ Do

modern conditions of civilization favor the growth of spirit. literary expression.

H. M. J.

uality"? was opened by Janette Reynolds, her thought being

that the advantages offered by modern civilization for higher THE Exposition Mills of Atlanta, Ga., which are located education are far superior to the past, and there seems to be in the building in which the Cotton Exposition of 1881 was nothing that leads to a better understanding of our spiritual held, and in costly structures since erected, are selling a large relationship to the universe than developed mental capacity, part of their product in China. The mills find this trade so coupled with that spiritual influence which is the growing profitable that they are kept running on full time the year tendency of religious teaching of to-day. round. The principal output is sheeting and drills.

That part of the Discipline which speaks of the duties of

the Representative Committee was read by John Coale. It The question of Anglo-American relations is the subject of

was followed by Elizabeth Lincoln, giving her views as to how constant discussion. Thoughtful Englishmen appreciate the fact that international affairs throughout the world are driving

Peace principles can be best advanced, and whether they can

be maintained by nations now claiming to be Christians. the two branches of the Anglo-Saxon race into a closer union,

Peace is the offspring of justice ; war of injustice ; in the both of interest and of policy. England and the United

former is life and growth, in the latter death and decay. And States are now virtually the only efficient representatives of liberty and law against militarism and despotic government.

when we have learned to settle our difficulties through arbi

tration we will wonder how war was ever tolerated. We need -Harper's Weekly.

to employ men who are interested in maintaining peace rather The Illinois Steel Company, Chicago, has nearly completed than advancing the schemes of war. The military drill in its order from Japan for 50,000 tons of steel rails, secured over the schools, and the boys' brigades " in the church, seem to three months ago. Since First month I over 100 solid train

invite attack, and appear as two ominous clouds, marring the loads of rails, have been shipped from their mills. These have sky of cerulean peace. been chiefly designed for export. They have gone to nearly The program being completed, and no voluntaries offered, all the Eastern, Southern and Western coast ports, to be loaded we then listened to the report of the Executive Committee. on ocean steamers, according as the most reasonable rates of Under new business, a portion of the constitution was read, freight could be secured.

regarding the election of officers, a committee of five being



appointed to nominate officers, to be acted upon at the next even once think of himself or his reward. It is seldom valor annual meeting.

that carries the soldier forward on the battle-field, but often Adjournment followed, which was preceded by the usual greed of fame or gain, or fear of shame. The spirit that gives. brief silence.

itself for others, the temper, that for sake of religion, country, Ella F. HUNT, Corresponding Secretary. duty, kindred, or even stranger, will meet death, or wear its.

life away in silence, is the one which accomplishes the FLEMING, PA.—On the 27th of Third month, the regular golden deeds of the universe. meeting of our Association was opened by the Superintendent A few noted instances were given, commencing with the reading the rith chapter of Isaiah.

story of Damon and Pythias, and including Sir Philip Sidney ; Whose birth occurred in 1996 B. C. ?" was a question Joan of Arc; George Washington, in refusing “to become : given to Eva W. Cleaver, which was postponed for further

king, and thus make a monarchy out of this fair land of ours. research. Chapman Underwood answered the question,

A short sketch of the work of Florence Nightingale, also one “Who wrote many of the Psalms ?"

of Clara Barton, were given, showing that their lives were filled. A paper was read by Edith W. Cleaver on the subject of

with “Golden Deeds." Elizabeth Fry and Frances Willard The Scriptures of the Old Testament,” which abounded were mentioned as great examples whose lives were indeed with interest. She said that owing to the large collection of

"Golden.” The last examples mentioned were those of books in the Old Testament, she had merely taken a glimpse George Ainsworth and his companions of the disabled steamer of it; then gave interesting historical facts concerning it. La Champagne. The writer concluded with the verse : She spoke of its promises, trials of faith, etc., etc., and of the

Howe'er it be, necessity of becoming acquainted with the history of the

It seems to me, manners and customs of the people of the age in which the

'Tis only golden to be good, Bible was written, as it would enable us to better understand

Kind hearts are more than coronets, much that is now but dimly seen.

And simple faith than Norman blood.'' Who is like unto Jehovah ?" was answered by Sue

The reading of the paper was followed by a general discusUnderwood.

sion, in which a variety of views were presented. The usual Nancy M. Fisher gave an interesting version of the Lord's

business was then transacted, followed by a period of social Prayer.

enjoyment. What is meant by, “So shall the King greatly desire thy

Adjourned to meet Fifth month 6, at the home of Benbeauty ?" was the question given to Mary J. Fisher, who

jamin and Loretta Nichols. answered it by reading an excellent selection entitled, Let

CLOTILDE D. EDMONDSON, Cor. Sec. the beauty of the Lord be upon thee," describing how goodness, cheerfulness, etc., beam from the countenance, making those who were considered plain-looking, beautiful.

Educational Department. “Who was the youngest of Jesus's disciples?" was referred to Florence N. Cleaver, who answered it by giving a

SOMERVILLE REUNION AT SWARTHMORE. brief biography of John. Anna M. Underwood answered the question, " What is

One of the important events of the college year, the annual taught us by the study of the history of early Friends ?" by

Reunion of the Somerville Literary Society—the main literary saying that she thought we were greatly benefited by the study

and social organization of the women students-occurred on of them, as they were both encouraging and elevating.

Seventh-day last, the 9th inst., and brought back to the ColGeneral Question : “Should not we adopt some syste- lege many of her most loyal alumni. matic plan for the study of early Friends ?” was discussed The meeting was held in Somerville Hall. The attendwith lively interest, the summary being that one or two at each ance was good, fully as large as in previous years. Many meeting have a prepared paper or talk on the most important old students were present. Eva E. Foster, of the Senior parts of some Friend's life, and if the subject be too large for Class, president of the Society, presided. The usual business. one meeting have it continued for future ones.

The program

was transacted in the morning, and the afternoon session was. for next meeting was read. After a brief silence the Associa- devoted to various interesting exercises. tion closed to meet again in two weeks.

An interesting letter from Sarah Bancroft, '97, who is F. N. CLEAVER, Sec. pursuing an advanced course of study at Cambridge Uni

versity, England, as holder of the Lucretia Mott Fellowship, PHILADELPHIA FIRST-DAY SCHOOL UNION.-This Union

was read.

The committee to award this Fellowship for the met in Race Street meeting-house, on the evening of Fourth coming year announced that it had been awarded to Edna H. month 8. A large company of Friends were in attendance. Richards, a member of this year's class. She is from Salem, The Clerk announced that he had received reports from the

Ohio. Her essay, prepared in the competition for the Fellowseven schools constituting the Union, and read a summary of ship, was read. these reports, showing satisfactory progress.

" The Princess" of Tennyson was rendered by girls of After the routine business had been transacted, the speaker the Society, and highly appreciated. of the evening, Rufus M. Jones, editor of the American Friend, proceeded to read his lecture : The Modern Christian's At- YEARLY MEETING COMMITTEE TEACHERS' CLASS. titude Towards the Bible." This occupied an hour, and was The following report of the Teachers' Class, at 15th and listened to with the closest attention by all present. The lec

Race streets, Philadelphia, under care of the Yearly Meeting's ture was an excellent presentation of the position which the

Committee is for the period ending Fourth month 14 : Bible does and should hold in the minds of intelligent Chris

The following is a summary of class-work, etc., since tians of all denominations. After some commendatory re- Third month I. Three lectures by Dr. Spencer Trotter, marks by Friends present, the meeting closed with an im- illustrating methods in botany, zoology, and geography. Elepressive prayer by R. M. Jones.

R. P.

mentary science, Jos. E. Haines ; Arithmetic methods and

practice, A. B. Ivins ; Pollard system in teaching and reading, HUNTINGTON, IND.-The Young Friends' Association met Frances Haines ; Word method and advanced reading, Anna on Sixth-day evening, Fourth month i, at the home of John W. Speakman. A talk by Annie Shoemaker on Forest Trees. and Alice Brown. The chairman called the meeting to order, Talks by William W. Birdsall, Departmental Teaching. after which a short silence was observed. The paper for the School Incentives, Nine laws of Pestalozzi. Method work evening was written and read by Samuel Nichols, the subject and practice in class by members. Nature studies, geography, being “Golden Deeds."

general history, zoology, drawing and modeling. A golden deed is something more than fearlessness White's Elements of Pedagogy, Herbartian Psychology, and self-exposure. It must have a grave and resolute fulfil- and Brook's Mental Science are in use as text-books. ment of duty behind it. The most remarkable characteristic Papers have been prepared and discussed by the class on is that the doer is certain to feel it merely as a duty, and not general subjects pertaining to methods and school manage


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In observation, Class-work in Friends' Central School, ABINGTON FRIENDS' SCHOOL.--The corps of instructors Intermediate School for Girls, Primary Kindergarten, Girls' for the ensuing school year a's finally arranged by the school Normal and High School, and several Grammar Schools. committee at its meeting, Fourth month 11, is as follows: Number of Teachers enrolled, 27

Louis B. Ambler, Principal ; Carrie B. Way, B. L., Bertha L. in positions,


Broomell, B. S., Anna M. Ambler, Arthur C. Smedley, B. S., teaching as substitutes,

and Jenny F. Peuckert, assistants in the High School ; Rachel In class Fourth inonth 14,

S. Martin, Principal of Primary Department, and Alice P.

. 9 Number of days taught and substituted by members since

Thomson, assistant in the Primary School. Emma L. PenniTenth month, 461. Schools taught in Girard Avenue, Ran

man is appointed instructor in art work. Jessie Kent Gourley

will continue as Matron. The condition of the School is very cocas, Moorestown, Mickleton, Camden, Woodstown, Salem,

encouraging and the prospects for the next year are good. Darby, West Philadelphia, Germantown ; Girls' Intermediate, Primary and Kindergarten, 15th and Race streets, Philad'a ; Horsham, Warminster, Media, West Chester, London Grove,

LITERARY NOTES. Martin Academy, Kennett Square ; Wilmington, Abington, Langhorne, Plymouth Meeting, Special Department Friends' HENRY C. CONRAD, of Wilmington, Delaware, who has made Central, Newtown Square, and private schools.

a number of valuable contributions to the local history of that The class was divided Third month i, to be recalled at

city and State, read some time ago before the Historical Sotime fixed by the Committee. Six members entered George School and six Friends' School, Wilmington, to pursue a course

ciety of Delaware an interesting paper on “Old Delaware of study and observe methods. At George School three Clock-Makers," which is now handsomely reprinted as No. reviewed mathematics with special reference to methods, three 20 of the Society's publications. history, with the same object in view. All reviewed pedagogy,

“ There is something about the old-fashioned high clock rhetoric, and composition, and devoted two periods each day to manual training.

that commands respect,” he says. Whether it is the primIn the Wilmington School, courses of lectures have been ness of the tall case, or the imperative tone of the resounding arranged for in psychology, history of Education, English gong as it suddenly strikes the ear, may not readily be deterliterature and composition. Several periods during the week

mined. We, somehow, cannot get rid of the idea that the are devoted to observation of class-work, followed by discussion and suggestions by Principal Isaac T. Johnson.

generation of a century ago, who not only respected but venTwo members of the class have been reserved for general

erated this ancient style of time-piece, had a sense of quiet teaching, and three for the following lines of work in outlying dignity that is most sadly lacking in the bustling activity of schools : Drawing, painting, modeling; a course in history, these later times." to supplement regular class teaching ; course in biology. All teachers not in permanent or temporary positions are

The old clock-makers whom the paper treats of include now in the Wilmington Friends' School, taking the prescribed

some Friends well-known in their day : John Chandlee, of the course for study as prearranged. Reports from the Wilming

Reports from the Wilming- Nottingham family of that name ; Benjamin and Ziba Ferris, ton and George schools show that the work has been very sat- and Charles Canby. Ziba Ferris was perhaps the most notaisfactory to the teachers and I believe to those in charge of

ble clock- and watch-maker in Wilmington's history. He was these schools.

born in 1786 and died 1875. · Many are still living,” says Sixteen, all of whom are in membership with Friends, have been entered for the class for next year.

If limited to

H. C. Conard, who bear witness to the cheerfulness and the same number as this year (20) but few more entries can be geniality of his disposition, and of his delightful companionmade.

ship. In many regards he was an unusual man."

He was a The substitute work, attendance in class, interest, and

consistent, life-long Friend, a valuable member of Wilmington professional spirit, with few exceptions, has been very satisfactory the present year.

Meeting. Charles Canby was his apprentice, and practically BELLE H. MOONEY, Principal. everything said of Ziba Ferris might be repeated as to him.

He died in 1883, in his gist year, having passed a little beSWARTHMORE COLLEGE NOTES.

yond the age of Ziba Ferris, who did not quite reach 90. The students returned, after the spring vacation, on

Charles was lame from his youth, and a delicate looking man, Second-day, the 4th instant, and work was resumed with fresh

but he had a resolute spirit; he courageously supported vigor and interest.

Thomas Garrett, when the latter was put to hard trial and An interesting and instructive lecture was recently delivered

heavy expense for his sympathy with the escaping slaves. in College Hall, by Prof. George Gunton, of New York, on “ The Labor of Children in Factories."

· Awakened Russia," the first of a series of articles treat

Prof. Gunton will deliver another lecture Fourth month 15, on “ The Missing ing Russia as a militant power in the fore-front of modern Link in the Wages System."

political and territorial movements, will appear in the next The regular April meeting of the Joseph Leidy Scientific

number of Harper's Magazine. The author is Julian Ralph, Society was held on Fifth-day night, the 7th. Papers were

and the article will be freely illustrated. read by William M. Maule, 'oo, on “ The Development of

The great power of Russia is coming more and more to the Digestive Organs," and by Annie Lodge, '99, on “Some

be recognized. There is little doubt that it will ultimately Theories of Sight.

absorb a large part of China, and perhaps this will be “ for the The Delphic Literary Society held its Twenty-fifth Annual

best,” though Russia's governmental system and state religion Reunion and Banquet on Seventh-day evening, the 9th inst.

are both oppressive and repressive. About sixty of the old members were present. Wm. G. Underwood, '89, acted as leader. Prof. Wm. W. Birdsall, Presi

Harper & Bros., New York, send out their List of Spring

Books. dent-elect of the College, was present, as the guest of the

It contains a number of illustrations. Among the evening, and spoke acceptably. It was one of the most suc

announcements are the new edition of Thackeray, edited by his cessful Reunions in the history of the Society.

surviving daughter, Mrs. Ritchie, in thirteen volumes, at $1.50 a volume ; “A Constitutional History of the American Peo

ple," by Prof. F. N. Thorpe, of the University of PennsylTHE COLLEGE PRESIDENCY.--An esteemed Western vania ; and a "condensed students' edition of Motley's Friend writes to the INTELLIGENCER :

We feel that you " Rise of the Dutch Republic.” The condensation has been have done well in your choice of a President for Swarthmore. done by Wm. Elliot Griffis, of Ithaca, and is effected by omit, I hope he will grow into the work, and be a sure promoter of ting certain paragraphs, and leaving the rest intact. A hisits best welfare. What far-reaching influence one may exert torical sketch of the Dutch people from 1584 to 1897 has been in such a responsible position !"



In my



TIONAL FRIENDLINESS. near Philadelphia for nearly three months, sailed for Liverpool

From an article by Baron Pierre de Coubertin, in American Monthly on the steamship Belgenland, from this city, on the 9th instant. Review of Reviews for April. They are the daughters of Richard Brockbank, a prominent

In order to understand a country it is not enough to English Friend, and sisters to Margaret Graham, the wife of our friend John William Graham, of Dalton Hall, Man- see it live ; its present state must be compared with chester.

its recent past. A nation is an eternal invalid ; there Several of our Philadelphia Friends leave in a few days for a trip of about two months to the Pacific Coast, with one of is not one which is not ill, which has not some ulcer of *the Raymond and Whitcomb parties. Those going include Ezra Lippincott and wife, and S. Robinson Coale and wife, of

a more or less dangerous nature. But that which it Riverton, N. J., Annie Shoemaker, of Swarthmore, and is most important of all to know is, what is the course Naomi Walter, of Philadelphia. They expect to return by of its malady. One must decide whether the disease Sixth month 22.

is inclined to increase or whether, on the contrary, it Hannah A. Plummer, who had been spending some time in Colorado Springs, Col., left there on the ioth of last month is on the way to a cure. Do not hope to know this and reached home on the 15th, having spent a few days at

until you yourself have compared yesterday and toLincoln, Neb. She found herself unable, on account of unfavorable weather and a cold, to attend the meeting there, as

day. For this history is indispensable, and especially she desired to do.

the political history of the present century. William J. Hall, Superintendent of Swarthmore College, opinion it is almost impossible to understand a modern has been for some time at Watrous, New Mexico, and writes

country if one is not acquainted with its political hisencouragingly concerning his health, He expects to return East some time in Sixth month. He says (7th inst.): “We

tory for a period of the past eighty years; and I would are having a late spring, -cold and windy, not a bud started, like to say that it is regrettable that one should visit a and quite dry ever since my coming here.

country before he has made such a study The English. Third month 23, a number of invited friends and relatives

are sometimes great travelers and sometimes very semet at the home of George and Sarah G. Wood, of Norristown, Pa., to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of their mar

dentary. I have known some who were admirably well riage. After a pleasant social period, the original certificate acquainted with France, and that almost without was read, also one prepared for the occasion. This, with having seen it, and others who had traversed it repeatreadings appropriate, made the occasion one of interest and

edly and knew almost nothing about it. The former. satisfaction. A note from John William Graham, of recent date, speaks

were not always intellectually superior to the latter, of his enjoying his vacation, usual in the English schools at but they had acquired the habit when they read their this time. “I am just off to the Italian lakes for a holiday of

newspapers of never passing over anything which conthree weeks,” he says.

cerned France without pausing, without meditating

upon it, and especially without finding out what the COMMUNICATIONS.

French themselves thought about it. This is the A LINE OMITTED.

proper manner of judging things. One cannot underEditors FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER :

stand, for example, the movement which is about to I DESIRE to call your attention to a slip of the types in my article printed in your issue of Fourth month 9.

thrust Norway out of her union with Sweden if he does 264, column i, the last word is “fortunes," the next word at not study this movement from its origin, and if he the top of the next column is "labor." If you will kindly knows nothing of the phases through which it has look at my manuscript, you will find that the sentence should

passed since the Swedish-Norwegian kingdom was read, Fortunes, very large ones, made out of it by means of slave labor.A line has been omitted. As this was one

constituted. For my part I have searched the point of the important points that I wanted brought out in the where I always try to get outside of myself, in a way, article, I would ask you to make the correction in your next when I have to judge an international question I say issue. HOWARD WILLIAMS LLOYD.

to myself : "What would I think about Cecil Rhodes Germantown, Philadelphia.

if I were an Englishman ? What would be my opinion

on India if I were a Russian ? What would I desire in NEBRASKA HALF-YEAR MEETING. Editors FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER :

the East if I were a Hungarian ? What would be my Nebraska Half-Year's Meeting will be held in the G. A. R.

colonial ideas if I were a German ?" And I think Hall, Lincoln, Neb., on the 23d, 24th, and 25th of Fourth that in our modern world this manner of forming one's month, 1898. All will be welcome. Friends coming from a

judgment is the only one which affords any chance of the meeting, please address either of the undersigned. MARIA A. BAILEY, 1335 G street.

good. ADALINE A. GARLOCK, University Place. Lincoln, Nebraska.

A HEAVY, wet snow fell in Colorado on the 3d inst., which

was followed by a misty rain, which will insure plenty of In an appeal for financial assistance the New York Kin

grass on the ranges for stockmen. dergarten Association says : “New York has the most ove crowded population in the civilized world ; many thousands

“ LONDONERS are more grateful to those who make them of children in its streets are unprovided with school accom

laugh than to those who make them think," a newspaper modations of any kind, and it is more poorly supplied with

paragraph says. This is not peculiar to Londoners, by any kindergartens than other of our great American cities. The need is pressing for sufficient money even to support the fifteen THERE are twenty-six steamers now engaged in the trade free kindergartens under the charge of the New York Kinder- between Alaska and Portland, Ore., and Puget Sound points, garten Association. Nearly $27,000 must be expended an- and thirteen new vessels are now on the way to the Pacific nually to keep the present schools open.

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IS SELF-GOVERNMENT A FAILURE ? overwhelming majority, but thus far he has signally
The Commonwealth, (Dr. Swallow's Paper , Harrisburg, Pa.

failed to embrace the opportunity. On the contrary, MR. HILAIRE BELLOC, the French-Englishman who

he has fallen into the hands of the very men for whose

methods he professes such an abhorrence, too many has been lecturing in various Pennsylvania towns

times permitting them to use him for the accomplishunder the auspices of the Society for the Extension of

ment of their sinister purposes. They do not buy him University teaching, upon a recent occasion remarked directly—they are wise enough to know that he is not incidentally, in the course of his lecture, that he did not

in the market—but too often they do buy his leaders, expect our present civilization to last for any prolonged | The latter have his confidence and it is not a difficult period. Upon being questioned by one of his hearers,

matter for them to lead him to his own undoing. “The after the lecture had been delivered, he is reported to

Commonwealth,” while realizing the deplorable state of have said that he expects a collision between labor and

modern politics, is not willing to admit that the mass capital which will result in the spoliation of the rich

of the people have the spirit of slaves. It does not by the poor, who will combine for that purpose. He believe they are venal. It is of the opinion that the added that this is likewise a grossly materialistic age, failures of our free government are largely due to their and expressed the conviction that a civilization, the confidenec in others. Honest themselves, they are unroot of which consists of selfishness, must inevitably

willing to believe that their chosen leaders are in the perish. He did not attempt to specify the particular market and thus they are betrayed. After awhile, manner in which the change would come, whether

when experience has taught them the wisdom of perpeacefully or amid scenes of horror like those which

sonal investigation and personal action, they will refuse accompanied the French revolution in the closing days to permit others to do the thinking, and the result will of the eighteenth century, but he is confident it is going be just laws and good government. to come and that the end will be a despotism in which “The Commonwealth " has heard much about the the few will be rich and powerful while the many materialism of this age, and is willing to admit that in will be slaves. In a word, while this is the age of some respects the trend is materialistic. Nevertheless man, the era of ever-widening freedom and equality, it insists that the most potent force of the century the next century, perhaps, will see the pendulum swing just closing has been the gospel of Jesus Christ, and it to the other extreme. The days of old will appear, the is persuaded that there never was a period in the hisdream of self-government will vanish.

tory of mankind when there was so much genuine, unHow reasonable are these speculations? Is Mr. pretentious, self-sacrificing religion in the world as Belloc a dreamer or a prophet ? It is well that all

there is at the present moment. There are selfish English-speaking people should seriously consider the persons among the rich and among the poor. There present state of our civilization and the state of the

are many hideous wrongs that need righting There popular mind. One thing is clear—both in this coun- is suffering that needs assistance. And yet it is a fact try and in England there is great and growing unrest that the dominant note of the age is sympathetic interamong the plain people. In periods of industrial est in the distressed. If war should come between the activity this impatience is suppressed and all things United States and Spain—which God forbid-it will move along smoothly. But when commercial uncer- not be because the Maine was wrecked in Havana tainty prevails and wages are low, and employment un- harbor, but on account of the hideous state of affairs certain, it rapidly comes to the front, manifesting itself existing in the island of Cuba. Not an insult to our in Coxey armies and various other eccentric forms. flag, but the suffering of women and children, the reThere is a deep conviction among the people that the sult of Spanish brutality, will bring on the war. And rich are in the saddle ; that they control legislatures,

that they control legislatures, this incident simply illustrates the temper of the people coerce courts, and, in spite of manhood suffrage, ma- of all English-speaking lands. The age is in sympathy nipulate all things to the advantage of their class and to with all that is good ; its spirit is that of the Carpenter the increasing disadvantage of the poor. They believe of Nazareth. But it has not always been able to there is one kind of law for the poor and another for utilize its best sentiment at the proper time, and, thus, the rich. The liberal gifts of men like Andrew Car- in spite of itself has been made to appear worse than it negie enrage rather than please them. They say if he is, seemingly. delighting to pander to all the worse did not rob the poor he would not have millions to give passions of the human heart. But the dawn will come. . away.

. They say it is their money upon which he builds his great reputation for philanthropy. They It has been announced on the authority of the chief archideclare that if only they could get justice, they would tects of the Trans-Mississippi Exposition, at Omaha, Neb.,

that all construction work will be finished in ample time for the be under no necessity of accepting charity from the

installation of exhibits and the perfection of concessions by rich. And they feel all they say.

the opening day, Sixth month 1. The large buildings are We are not to be understood as admitting the situa- nearly ready for the artistic decorations, save the Fine Arts tion to be as bad as the average workingman believes it Building, and the United States Government Building. . to be. We are merely quoting his sentiments. And

THE Chicago Kitchen Garden Association has obtained yet it is useless to disguise the fact that there is much permission from the board of education to give lessons to girls truth in what he says. Here is another ugly truth

in cookery and housekeeping in two rooms in one of the new

city school-buildings. The experiment has proved so suc the workingman in America could remedy the wrongs

cessful in the Greenwood Avenue School that all Chicago now that exist here, because he has the ballot and is in an wants cooking scientifically taught.

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