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ance to his children's children.’’

the Friends' meeting-house at Macedon Center, on Sixth-day, the 24th, where a beautiful and impressive testimony was borne from the words : “A good man shall leave an inheritAfter which the remains were borne to their final resting place by the side of his wife, who passed away nearly six years previously. The interment being in the family lot, in the beautiful Macedon Center cemetery. %. BELL.-In New York City, at his home in the Hotel Beresford, Twelfth month 27, 1897, William Bell, aged 66 years, youngest son of the late Abraham Bell ; a member of 15th Street Monthly Meeting. Interment in Greenwood.

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For Friends' Intelligencer and Journal.


THERE is an evident revival in the Society of Friends. Not apparent everywhere within our borders, it may be observed at many points by one who looks for it and felt by one who places his hand over the throbbing heart of our Society. And it has come just in time. The disintegrating influences that have operated upon our people for two hundred years, under which the Society was fast falling into ruin, have been, to a great degree, removed. The tide is on the turn and beginning to flow in. It is a critical time with us. A good opportunity is offered. Shall we seize it, or shall it be allowed to pass? Whether the Society of Friends shals increase or decrease; whether it shall be enabled to carry on those educational and philanthropic enterprises and movements for which it is so well fitted, and with which its history is replete; whether it may continue to advocate the unity of God and the revelation of His will in the human soul; whether, indeed, it shall in the future be enabled to carry on its great mission depends, under God, upon our younger members and those who may be attracted to us. * . Therefore we turn to our young people with hearts full of hope, believing that as they come to realize what the Society of Friends is and the character of its mission, they will do their part with brave loyalty and unselfish devotion. - * To our younger members, then, this message is addressed in sympathy and loving fellowship. We sometimes hear criticisms from our younger members of actions taken by the Society, not considering that the organization belongs to you as well as to others, or that it is your duty to attend business meetings and assist in the decisions there reached. When young and old meet to consider the affairs of the Society, under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, the result is always most helpful and encouraging. The attendance of business meetings is essential to the welfare and even to the existence of our Society, and constitutes a duty that cannot without loss be relegated to the older members. There is also afforded in those meetings opportunities for spiritual growth that are not found elsewhere. Indeed, the regular attendance of all meetings is among the easiest of our religious duties, and each member should resolve that this duty shall be performed even at considerable cost. A member who fails to give support to his meeting, or who supports another religious organization instead, says, in effect, that he is willing for the Society of Friends to perish from the earth. Sometimes we hear the remark, “Our meeting is a silent one, with a small number in attendance. If there was speaking, I would attend.” Dear one, what is the voice of man when the voice of God may be heard in the soul? It is true that He often speaks through human instruments, but it is also most true that in the silent meeting the attentive soul may receive help, comfort and courage from the Divine source. This is the principle on which our Society was founded, and which has kept it alive for two hundred and fifty years. Indeed, it is not to be expected that a few active and well attended meetings in cities are sufficient to keep alive the Society of Friends. Each little country or suburban meeting has its part to perform in the work of the Society, and it is a serious loss and misfortune when one is laid down. And not one need disappear if its young members are faithful and keep close to the Guiding Light. Your loyalty will bring life to the meeting, its vacant seats will become filled, and exceeding peace and comfort will be your reward. Depend not, therefore, too much upon the ministry, but remember that each member is a minister, and should be ready to serve God by voice, example, the neighborly act, the kindly pressure of the hand, thoughtful attention to the wants of others, remembrance of those who are sick or infirm; in a word, devotion of the life to loving service in whatever way God may direct. Nor should anyone remain away from meeting because of some discordant element or apparent inconsistency of conduct on the part of some members. All the more is your presence and influence required to maintain the credit of the meeting and to assist in correcting what may be wrong. In nearly every meeting there are some who are not members, but who are interested and would become useful members if sympathetically approached. Here is work for you, for your influence among your companions is great. Here, too, is a field for the use of the admirable literature to be obtained in inexpensive form, which treats of our principles and testimonies. The suggestion is made that it is better to lend a pamphlet than to give it, as it is more apt to be read, and opens the way for a conversation on its contents when it is returned. In this way one copy may be made to do the work of many. But those who are standing on the verge of the Society need not wait for an urgent invitation. The doors are freely open to all who believe that the Father communicates directly with the souls of his children, and who build their lives on this foundation. Philanthropic work has assumed so prominent a place among us that a caution should perhaps be given that such work cannot take the place of religious service. Earnestly undertaken, it often leads towards a deeper religious feeling because one is then working with God, but if the delivery of a divine message, or any special religious work, is impressed on the heart, it will not do to put it aside on any plea. Just to the extent that God is wiser than we, so much the greater will be our real success in life if we depend upon His guidance rather than upon our own judgment. Let the aim be high; choose eternal riches rather than wealth and earthly honors. Choose Christ as the foundation on which the character is to be


built, and lay all matters of moment before this Inner Guidance. Thus, in humility and devotion, breathing a Divine atmosphere, you will continue to live your beautiful lives, and through your loyalty there will reach the hearts of the people truth, justice and love.

Baltimore, Ma'. O. EDWARD JANNEy.


Editors FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER : THE review of “Hugh Wynne" in the last issue gives me great satisfaction. I wish it might be sent with every copy of the book, to every reader; it is so calm, so just, and so much needed, in these days when misleading books are on the pinnacle of fame. I hope it will at least be sent to the Century Company, with an urgent request that it be published. Justice requires that we do not pass in silence the patent errors that fairly bristle all along the pages. I read a few issues of the story, as it appeared in the Century, but felt that it was so wanting in any redeeming features, especially in its treatment of the home-life of the Friend, and withal so unpleasing in many of the suggestions, and situations, that it had no charm for me. True, Aunt Gainor is not an exemplary member of the Episcopal Church,-or at best, not a spiritually-minded one,—and why she should have so differed from her brother, who is supposed to stand for formal Quakerism, and is “consistent” to the hard, bitter end, I cannot imagine. What could their home training have been, and where was the spirit of sobriety and honesty, that Friends as a people had stood for for a hundred years previous to that date P If she had been trained in some of the salons of Paris, she could not have been more expert in managing and manoeuvering, and intriguing, and helping her nephew out of his escapades. If they were “Free Quakers,” as the title indicates, it would imply a different class from the persons named.

We did all look forward to this book with a high degree of interest, and the picture is graphically painted, and the favor of the times seemingly reproduced to the life; but the errors are many, to any one at all conversant with the history and usages of Friends, and I think with the author of this review, “when we consider how potent a form of literature fiction is, and how many are the readers who derive from it the impressions that serve them instead of knowledge,” we may be permitted to hope for a time when every accomplished author—or one of the standing of Dr. Mitchell,—“shall be accurate as to his scene, wise as to his philosophy of life, and furnished, moreover, with a just discernment of the springs of human SUSANNA M. GASKILL.

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Szwarthmore, Pa.

Editors FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER : * , I have just finished reading the review of “ Hugh Wynne,” and am much pleased with it. The criticisms and the conclusions are all right. I wish you had added one more point. It is the most improbable thing in the world that a Quaker elder of the last century in Philadelphia should have arranged in advance with his minister friends to pray and preach for his son's edification. No one who knows anything about

Quakerism would have intimated anything of the kind,

and the novelist has no right to miss so fundamentally

the spirit of the times which he undertakes to describe. S.

FRIENDS IN THE WEST. PRAIRIE GROVE QUARTERLY MEETING. THIs was held at Marietta, Iowa, Twelfth month 4th and 5th. Considering the heavy fall of snow, (fully twelve inches just before), the meetings were well attended. Our Quarterly Meeting of Ministers and Elders held on Seventh-day, at 9.30 a. m., was small, but was composed of earnest Friends. The quarterly meeting, at I I a. m., was well attended, and favored in the ministry by two resident ministers, and the business of the meeting was transacted in perfect harmony. At the close, a short time was spent on the subject of Philanthropic Labor introduced by F. P. Marsh, of Marshalltown, chairman of the Philanthropic Committee in Marietta Monthly Meeting. There were no members of the other constituent meetings of this Quarter present except Lizzie Russell, of Prairie Grove, in Henry county; John Cory and daughter from Tama county, and Elwood P. Cooper and son and daughter from Webster City, all members of Marietta Monthly Meeting, were in attendance with us, also Griffith E. Coale, from Webster City, member of an Illinois meeting. . On First-day morning we gathered near the usual hour, and notwithstanding the roads were considerably drifted up with the deep snow, Friends came, (some five to eight miles), until the house was well filled. After a short impressive silence, Thomas E. Hogue arose and delivered an excellent discourse, sustaining the principles and testimonies of our Society, and the evidences of pure and undefiled religion. At the close of this meeting there was a short intermission for hand-shaking and greetings, and then our women Friends favored us with a lunch of good things to entertain the inner man,—an abundance for all,—after which the usual order was called and observed, and the program of our Quarterly First-day School Conference was presented and opened by Harry Pyle, assistant superintendent of Marietta School, and Lizzie Russell, of Prairie Grove School and Meeting, as clerks for the day. The exercises were quite lengthy, but of such a character and so well rendered that I think none tired of the time. There were several good papers read by advanced scholars, and several recitations, etc., by children, and one class exercise ; but none, not even a child, made anything like a failure. N. E. Hartland, Iowa. *

THE Hospital Medical Society of Paris have lately been carrying on a long discussion as to the observed effects of bicycle-riding ; and, as most of the members are participants in this form of exercise, they could speak to some purpose. And the conclusions reached were that it is highly beneficial, but that caution and good sense should govern it.

UNDER recent stringent regulations, no American student,

however accredited by diplomas, can be admitted to any of

the German universities without a preliminary examination.

ties and arbitration committees.


A Friend sends us a clipping, a report of a recent meeting of the Women's Press Club, of Chicago, at which a paper on the Friends was read. The report says: MRS. IDA S. NICHOLs, in her paper on “George Fox and Quakerism,” spoke in part as follows:

George Fox was by no means an obscure character. The Pall Mall Gazette says of him : “Of the four great characters of the Seventeenth Century, Cromwell, Milton, Bunyan, and Fox, the last has had the greatest influence upon the world and been the least recognized by the world.” As a youth Fox yearned for a more intimate knowledge of God. He so grieved over the sinful lives lead even by professed Christians, that he left home and friends to seek for the peace which passeth all understanding. He first sought help from the clergymen of the Church of England, but they could not understand this soul burden, they bade him chew tobacco, sing psalms, and submit to blood-letting. Fox then turned to God, and took him as his only teacher. He learned that the temple of Christ is the heart, and henceforth he went around preaching “The Indwelling Christ" in the heart of the Believer.

The early Quakers were far in advance in their

ideas of all other denominations. They were the first to recognize woman as man's equal ; they were the first to raise their voices against the slave trade.

They were the first to advocate co-education. They were the first to start the subject of peace socieIt was the Quakers who first instituted prison reform and temperance societies. They, way back in the Seventeenth Century, preached the “Brotherhood of Man.” Believing the command, “Thou Shalt Not Kill,” the Quaker, under no circumstance would take the life of a human being. War is looked upon by the Quaker as legalized murder. - -

THE DEATH-LIST OF 1897.-Among the noted people who died during the year were Professor Henry Drummond ; Alphonse Daudet ; Sir Isaac Pitman, inventor of the Pitman system of short-hand ; Alfred Nobel, the Swedish inventor of dynamite (who bequeathed a sum stated at ten million dollars to “encourage scientific study and promote international peace”); Mrs. Henry Ward Beecher; Senator Daniel W. Voorhees, of Indiana; Albert Fink, the noted American railroad expert; W. S. Holman, of Indiana, the “watch-dog of the Treasury’’; Barney Barnato, the South African speculator, who committed suicide at sea ; Father Kneipp, originator of the Kneipp cure; Captain Boycott, of County Mayo, Ireland, victim of a most extraordinary case of accidental immortality; Mrs. Oliphant the novelist; Jean Ingelow, novelist and poetess ; Count Mutsu, the Japanese statesman ; Henry George, author and economist; Canovas del Castillo, Spanish Premier ; Charles A. Dana, journalist ; George M. Pullman, originator of the Pullman palace-car system ; Sir John Gilbert, president of the English Royal Society of Water-Color Painters; Francis Turner Palgrave, poet and essayist; the Duchess of Teck; and Professor William Henry Riehl, the German publicist and historian.—Harper's Weekly.

(£butational HBepartment.

WILM INGTON FRIENDS' SCHOOL. WILMINGTON Friends' School held Commencement exercises on the evening of Twelfth month 22, and gave its diploma to eight pupils who had completed the course of study. The midwinter Commencement is a feature which the school introduced in 1894, with the expectation that it would lessen the pressure and strain of overwork which often attends the summer COmmencementS. The eight graduates read papers prepared for the occasion, and Professor Lincoln Hulling, of Bucknell University, (at Lewisburg, Pa)., gave an interesting address upon the aims of education. Six of the graduates will continue in the school until the close of the year and complete some extra requirements for the several colleges which they expect to enter. On the evening of Twelfth month 29, the Alumni Association of the school held its annual meeting, which was the occasion of pleasant reunions of old students. Christopher L. Ward, of ’86, gave an interesting address upon “Howard Pyle, Author and Artist.” A few weeks since a new book of the English Classic Series, published by Leach, Shewall & Sanborn, of Boston, entitled “Essays of Elia,’’ appeared. It is edited by Caroline L. Crew, Instructor in English in this School. It is a book which will be very attractive for students and the general readers. [A notice of the work by Prof. Hayes, of Swarthmore College, will appear in our columns, later.—Eds. INTELLIGENCER.] The School enrollment this year is over 200, and the work being done up to the usual standard. Seven young women are pursuing the Kindergarten Training Course of which Lida M. Kim'Ball is the Director. Enos L. Doan, who has been away from the school for nearly two years, returned to his work in Ninth month last, with his health quite restored. * Mary Wilson Pyle, formerly of London Grove School,

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be appointed by the president. There succeeded this some very interesting literary exercises. A History of the School was read by Mary S. Bartram, which, covering a period of thirty years since its fonndation by the Monthly Meeting, was an interesting resume. Florence P. Miller read a poem, which she had composed for the occasion, and Mary R. Hicks gave a declamation. Joseph S. Walton, Ex-County Superintendent of Public Schools and an old student of the school, gave a very interesting address, and included, to the gratification of all, reminiscences of the school as it was when he was a student there, in the second year of its establishment. After the serving of cake, cocoa, and fruit, the afternoon was closed by having students and teachers respond to toasts upon subjects generally in a reminiscent line, and this was interspersed with singing, etc., Robert Pyle acting as director of the proceedings. The meetings are to be held once a year, and it is hoped may stir up a greater interest in the work of the school. P.

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before the Swarthmore Society, in New York City, a few weeks ago, Dr. Magill humorously yet seriously made this suggestion : “My life has been curiously divided into quarter centuries. I was born Ninth month 24, 1825. On Ninth month 24, 1850, I entered the freshman class at Yale. On my fistieth birthday, Ninth month 24, 1875, I received from the Swarthmore students the gold watch which I now wear ; and now my most earnest desire is that the close of the third quarter-century of my life, Ninth month 24, 1900, may be marked by a magnificent endowment for our beloved college that will place it beyond all possibility of financial embarrassment and enable it to pursue its great work for the rising generation for centuries to come.’’

GYMNASIUM BUILDING FOR SWARTHMORE. –An effort is making to secure subscriptions for a new building for the Boys' Gymnasium at Swarthmore College, which is much needed. Preliminary plans have been drawn. It is proposed to build it of Leiperville granite, with galvanized iron trimmings and slate roof. It will be 54 feet wide and 1 18 feet in depth, two stories and a basement, finished in hard woods. The main gymnasium room, on the first floor, will be 50 by The basement will contain a swimming pool, bathrooms, etc. The cost is estimated at $15, ooo. * *

GREENWOOD SEM.INARY REUNION.—The reunion of teachers and students of Greenwood Seminary, Millville, Columbia county, Pa., on the 26th of last Eighth month, was an occasion of so much interest that the proceedings have been gathered into a neat pamphlet, a copy of which has been sent us.

The reunion was especially that of persons who were associated with the Seminary during the time William Burgess was principal, from 1851 to 1863, and 1870 to 1872. The visit of

William Burgess, who now lives in California, to Millville last

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TRENTON, N. J.-A regular meeting of the Trenton Friends' Association was held in the meeting house on Eleventh month 29, the President, Laura H. Satterthwait, in the chair. After the roll-call, the minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. The reports of the different committees were next read. The Nominating Committee brought forward the following names : President, Edward B. Hancock ; Second Vice-President, Joseph Willets ; Executive Committee, Edmund R. Willets, Abel Mahan, Laura H. Satterthwait, and Florence Tittensor. Laura Satterthwait requested to be released from the Committee, on the ground that she had been an ex-officio member for the past year, and that she did not approve of the contin

t Since 1886, the school has been under the care of the Monthly Meeting, aided

President, A. Crozer Reeves ; First Viceuance in office system. The matter was referred back to the Nominating Committee. The Executive Committee brought forward the following subjects to be considered at the next meeting : A continuance of “Clarkson's Portraiture of Quakerism,” assigned to Joseph Willets ; conclusion of the History of Trenton Meeting, as taken from the minutes of the Monthly and Preparative Meetings, from the time of its establishment, assigned to Henry R. Fell. A call for the report of the delegates who attended the Conference at Newtown showed that all were present, and felt repaid for their attendance. They reported a very enthusiastic meeting, but felt that time was wanting for all who wished to make remarks. The program for the evening was then taken up. Sherman Potts read his paper : “Have not Friends too blindly followed the traditions of the past, regardless of their application to the present P’’ Robert S. Haviland read a paper that he had previously read before the Philanthropic Committee meeting in Illinois. Both papers were discussed by our members and visiting Friends. We were pleased to have with us at this meeing Robert S. Haviland, Joshua B. Washburn,

Oliver S. and Cynthia S. Holcomb, Watson Kenderdine,

Caleb Shreve, and others. :

Before closing, the President announced that a tablet had been presented to the Association by Thos. Tittensor. It was a very beautiful specimen of his work, consisting of decorated lettering upon English slate, and was in reference to the occupancy of the meeting house by the British Light Dragoons, during the battle of Trenton.

After a few moments silence the meeting adjourned. R.

WooDSTown, N. J.-The Young Friends' Association met in the lecture-room of the Academy, Twelfth month 30. The president opened the meeting with the reading of the 23d Psalm. After the usual business routine of roll-call and reading of the minutes, the report from Newtown Conference was given by Miriam L. Moore, one of the delegates, it having been laid over from the last meeting.

The different committees were then called on. Mary W. Banes, for the Discipline Committee, said they had taken up three subjects, Family Visits, Gospel Ministry, and Days and Times.

A very good report on the Section for Current Topics was given by Jessie L. Colson. The Literature Committee having made it a Whittier meeting, Sara H. Peterson read one of his poems, entitled, “The Prayer Seeker.” Cornelia Woolman then read a very interesting paper on his life ; she spoke of his youth and early education, of his work after the war, his many friends, and of his Quakerism. Annie P. Flitcraft followed with “The Religion of Whittier,” and Helen G. Borton closed the program by reading his poem, “Angel of Patience.” A short period of silence having been observed, the Association adjourned to meet First month 27, 1898. . * . © E. L. D., Secretary.


ANNOUNCEMENT is made by Garden and Forest Publishing Co., New York, of the discontinuance of the weekly journal, Garden and Forest. It was a high-class journal, devoted to horticulture and forestry, “free from trade influences,’’ and as good as it was possible—by liberal expenditure—to make it. After ten years' experience, and the expenditure of “a large amount of time and money,” the conductors have concluded that such a publication cannot be made self-sustaining.

The issue for this month of Meehans' Monthly—beginning the new year—proceeds in its monthly history of wild flowers with a colored plate of our beautiful American tiger lily, Lilium Superbum. We learn from the history that the lily of the ancients, which with the rose enters so largely into classics, was the white lily of our gardens. Meehans' Monthly is devoted especially to wild flowers and gardening, but deals with

every subject of general intelligence that may occur in connection with these topics; we have in this issue subjects so diverse as the cause of odors in flowers and the plants described by Virgil, down to treatises on cooking potatoes, and pruning currant bushes. Specimen numbers are sent free by the publishers, Thomas Meehan & Sons, Germantown, Philadelphia.

The Christian Register, Boston, passes with the new year into the editorial charge of George Batchelor. Its form is changel and the price made $2 a year. The Unitarian, which has been published monthly, is discontinued.

In connection with our review of “ Hugh Wynne,’’ last

week, the usual note giving the publishers' name was omitted. The book is published by the Century Company, New York.


THE new prime minister of the English dependency of Natal, in South Africa, Henry Binns, Jr., is the son of a once wellknown minister in the Society of Friends, in England, Henry Binns, Sen., who lived at Sunderland, retired thence to Croydon, near London, and died some time since. The son has

been for a number of years settled in Natal.

A sriend writes us from Ohio : “I have a new subscriber for the INTELLIGENCER, Ruth Cope, Cadiz, Ohio. I am sorry I did not send her name earlier, as to-day (First month 1, 1898) is her 97th birthday, and she could have received het first copy. She is blind from cataract, and partially deaf, but otherwise her faculties are wonderfully preserved. Her son announces that her doors are open for her friends to pay her

calls to-day, as she so much enjoys meeting them.”

Our friend Nathan Edsall writes, Twelfth month 30, from Hartland Iowa : ‘‘We have had as much as I 8 inches of snow fallen in this month, and splendid sleighing nearly all the time. The weather has been very moderate, the mercury I think only three times below zero, and only once more than ten below.' ' Henry C. Ash, of Philadelphia, recently of Alaska, (son of our friend Samuel S. Ash), has paid a short visit to Philadelphia, and returned to the Pacific Coast. After a visit to San Francisco, he expected to go to Portland this week, Samuel has handed us recent copies of the SAEaguay News, published at Skaguay, where Henry is interested in the new tramway over the White Pass. They are very creditable prints, and exhibit astonishing enterprise. A special edition, dated Twelfth month 31, has sixteen pages, and shows by numerous illustrations, the progress of the town. At the meeting of the Clearing House Association of the associated banks of Philadelphia, on the 3d instant, James V. Watson was re-elected president. He has served in this. responsible position for a number of years. Clement M. Biddle, who with his daughter Lydia, went abroad several weeks ago, have gone eastward to Palestine, and were in Jerusalem on Christmas day, proceeding thither from Cairo. They expected to reach England on the 17th of this month. ... . . . His friends have had much sympathy with S. Robinson Coale, who has been confined to his home, at Riverton, N.J., for several weeks, as the result of injuries sustained by two accidental falls, the first on the 9th of Eleventh month, and the second—he having got out again for a few days—on the 20th of last month. He is able, he says, to ‘‘hobble’’ about a little, but must observe care for some weeks yet. Levi K. Brown, of Goshen, Lancaster Co., a member of his family writes, remains without further improvement from his injury sustained last Fifth month.

IT is reported of “Artemus Ward '' that he once offe; ed his flask of whiskey to the driver of the stage on top of which he was riding through a mountainous section. The driver refused the flask in decided tones. Said he “I don't-drink ; I won't drink ; I don't like to see anybody else drink. I am of the opinion of those mountains—keep your top cool. They've got snow, and I've got brains ; that's all the differen Ce.

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