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adopted a series of resolutions to be read in their respective churches. The resolutions recommended that no Sunday funerals be held ; that the customary mourning attire be discarded ; that funerals be more private ; that public display be avoided ; that the expenditure be carefully limited to the ability of the people; and that the custom of preaching extended sermons on such occasions is not wise.
MOVEMENTS IN THE RELIGIOUS FIELD. A RECENT work by Prof. McGiffert (Presbyterian), of Union Theological Seminary, New York, “À History of Christianity in the Apostolic Age,” has brought the author under criticism from orthodox” quarters. He is attacked, it seems, on the ground that he does not make enough of the texts which are relied on to prove the Trinitarian doctrine as to the deity of Jesus, and that he quite dismisses the theory that the Supper is an obligatory ordinance. One of his critics, Prof. F. D. Estes, writing in a Baptist journal, says the book is learned and able, but that it " seems to cut away faith” in the miraculous conception of Jesus “by the Holy Ghost, and birth of the Virgin Mary, in descent into Hades and resurrection from the dead, in any real ascension into Heaven or sitting at the right hand of God, and in any return to judgment of any kind."
It has been suggested that Prof. McGiffert shall be tried for “heresy," but there is a decided protest against this. The Independent says “the Presbyterian church needs no more trials for heresy just now.'
It is announced that Prof. Charles A. Briggs, professor of Biblical theology in the Union Theological Seminary, New York City, the famous author and theologian who was tried and suspended for heresy, by the Presbyterian General Assembly, has left that church, and gone to the Episcopal body. He has applied to Bishop Potter, of the New York diocese, to be “ordained" a deacon of the Episcopal church, with the purpose of becoming ultimately a minister. He will of course be compelled to surrender his chair in the Theological Seminary.
The alleged intolerance of their liberal views will, it is added in connection with this announcement, result in several other prominent theologians soon leaving the Presbyterian church.
The subject of the Supper, or “ Communion" is of interest to Friends, since they have always declined to receive it as an obligatory observance. The Outlook summarises Prof. McGiffert's treatment of his subject as follows :
Dr. McGiffert is writing, not as a theologian, but as a historian. He is describing how the Lord's Supper was originally instituted, and how it was at first observed.
In doing this he gives some information respecting its origin which any student may easily verify for himself—this, namely, that neither in Matthew nor in Mark is Christ reported as bidding his disciples · Do this in remembrance of me'; that this command-if it is to be regarded as a command—is found only in Paul's Epistles to the Corinthians and in Luke, which Gospel an ancient and well-authenticated tradition reports as influenced largely by Paul, and that the command in Luke is omitted in many of the best manuscripts, and is regarded as an interpolation by Westcott and Hort, whose text, we may add, is by universal consent regarded as the best text we have of the New Testament.
“ From these facts one scholar, Dr. McGiffert tells his readers, has conceived the notion that the idea of observing the Lord's Supper originated with Paul. Against this notion Dr. McGiffert argues with considerable .force. • It is inconceivable,' he says, “that the Jewish wing of the church would have taken it up had it originated with him [Paul]. Its general prevalence at an early day in all parts of the church can be accounted for only on the assumption that it was prePauline. At the same time, the fact must be recognized that it is not absolutely certain that Jesus himself actually instituted such a supper and directed his disciples to eat and drink in remembrance of him.
“Can any one say [asks The Outlook] that this is absolutely certain,' in view of the facts that John, the Beloved Disciple, does not refer to the Supper at all, that neither Matthew nor Mark refers to any command or suggestion of its future observance, that the reference in Luke is regarded by the best textual scholars as an interpolation, and that thus our only real authority for the command is Paul, who was not present, and only reports what had been reported to him?"
CURRENT EVENTS. The probability of war has appeared very great in the week to which these news paragraphs relate, yet peace has still been hoped for. The most energetic naval and military preparations have been made in this country, and presumably in Spain. The fleets at Key West and Hampton Roads are reported "stripped for action," and ready to sail at a few minutes' notice. The Spanish torpedo-boat flotilla was reported to have reached Porto Rico, but a dispatch later, (2nd inst.), reports it at Cape Verde islands, and unable, under favorable circumstances, to reach Porto Rico for several days. The United States has purchased another cruiser in England, it being one built in a shipyard on the Thames for Peru. In all the churches (Roman Catholic) at Madrid, on First-day last, the priests read a letter from the Bishop of the diocese announcing that he considered war to be imminent, and ordering prayers for the success of the Spanish arms. It is said that the Spanish people do not wish war, or, rather, they are indifferent, as they always have one in progress somewhere, and do not regard a war with the United States as different from the others. Spain has authorized the issue of 225,000,000 pesetas in treasury notes, being about forty-five millions of dollars.
The United States, on the 4th instant, purchased ten merchant steamships at New York, to add to the auxiliary fleet. They are vessels in the southern trade to Gulf, Mexican, and South American ports. The American flag was removed on the 4th instant from the wreck of the Maine, in Havana harbor. The reports of the consuls of the United States in Cuba, it was stated on the 4th, would not be sent to Congress with the President's message. The reason assigned is that the President considered it unsafe to print the reports of the Consuls in the present state of feeling, and while they were in Cuba, and that he would not send them in until the writers should be withdrawn, which was expected to be done
The Roman Catholic Church in this country appears to be
It was positively announced in Washington on the 4th inst. active and persevering. Its losses of members are said to be
that on the 6th President McKinley would send to Congress a considerable, but evidently it makes some gains also. Writ
message on the Cuban question. « Mediation ing in one of the church newspapers, Cardinal Gibbons, of
between the Baltimore, reports 1,500,000 children as being educated in the
United States and Spain, by European nations, has been much Catholic schools of the United States at the present time ; urgent representations at Madrid in favor of peace. The diffi
discussed, and it appears quite certain that the Pope has made that “Missionary Bands" are carrying on work among nonCatholics in seventeen different dioceses, and that "
culty has been that Spain would not listen to any suggestion 30,000
of allowing Cuba's freedom, while the Cuban insurgents would persons are annually received into the Catholic Church in the
not consider anything short of that. The insurgents have United States' through conversion.
been unwilling also to agree to a protracted armistice, as they
believed it would be employed by Spain in renewed preparaEvery movement in the direction of simplicity and mod- tions for war, and that when the rainy season (summer) was eration at funerals is a matter of satisfaction. At Grand over, they would again be attacked. The feeling of a majorRapids, Michigan, recently, the ministers of the city, in their ity of Congress has been in favor of decisive measures, inclu“ Pastors' Conference,"united in an effort at funeral reform and ding a definite demand for Cuba's independence.
A SEVERE shock of earthquake was felt at San Francisco at 11.43 o'clock on the night of the 30th ult. The vibrations continued fully 15 seconds, causing people to rush from their homes in all parts of the city. The earthquake was one of the most severe ever experienced in California. Buildiugs were violently rocked, telephone and telegraph circuits were damaged, and considerable injury was done to buildings of frail construction.
whether illiterate, or not, and whether a property-holder or not; (2) all persons naturalized before January 1, 1898, may also vote without being subject to the illiterate and property rules ; (3) in the next State election, 1900, persons may vote without paying a poll tax, but after that the prepayment of the poll tax for two years, to be paid at least six months before an election, shall be necessary for registration. These complicated provisions are designed to affect particularly the colored voters. They will necessarily stimulate their efforts to acquire education and property. Many leading citizens of Louisiana oppose the clauses as framed, and their constitutionality is to be tested in the United States courts.
THE Constitutional Convention of Louisiana has adopted, by a vote of 95 to 28, a new suffrage system for that State. The purpose is “ to get rid of the negro vote, and turn over the political control of Louisiana to the whites without any further need for election frauds.'' The new clause requires that the voter shall be able to read and write, but if he owns $300 worth of property, and pays tax on it, he need neither read nor write. Additional clauses provide (1) that any person who was a voter in any State of the Union on January 1, 1867, may vote, and that his son and his grandson may do so,
GREAT BRITAIN has demanded, and China has conceded to her, the possession of the port of Wei-Hai-Wei, on the Shan-Tung peninsula, after the Japanese evacuation, as a compensation for the disturbance of the balance of power in the Gulf of Pechili. Wei-Hai-Wei was held by the Japanese pending the payment of the Chinese war indemnity. In the
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At the end of the week the active barber JUST A GRAIN OF WHEAT.
turned over to his sick rival the extra
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At the recent annual meeting of the
Congressional Temperance Society, the
secretary spoke of the prohibition of in-
toxicating drinks by railroads and express whole is ground into
companies, affecting 830,000 employes, FINE FLOUR
as most significant. He quoted from by the Franklin Mills.
the recent address of Chauncey Depew on A little off white because all the nutritive elements are retained
this subject, in which he claimed that of cherein is its goodness, i. e., food.
30,000 employes of the New York Cen
tral, not one per cent. were now discharged If your grocer does not keep it,
for drinking, while before this rule was send us his name with your order-we will see that you are
enforced the loss on this account was 20 supplied.
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GEORGE WASHINGTON wrote to his ered bears our label; avoid
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Gin shops serve to ruin the proprietor and
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WILLIAM B. PAXSON.
MAHLON B. PAXSON.
FREDERICK PAXSON & CO.,
Stock and Bond Brokers,
112 Custom House Place, Philad'a,
Orders and inquiries by mail or wire receive prompt
WATCHES. new charm when you have discovered the great collection of the SOULE PHOTOGRAPH Co., of Boston, for
As one of the oldest houses in the watch which we are agents in Philadelphia. Scenes of travel in trade - established three generations ago-and all countries ; castles, cathedrals, and cities of Europe; up to date in every feature of the business, we portraits of royalty and celebrities of all times, past and
are able to offer the best and most serviceable present; reproductions of famous art works, old and new; these are a part only. With such a collection to draw
watches for the least money.
Give us a call. upon, illustrating becomes an absorbing pleasure.
GEO. C. CHILD,
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Established 1810 at 824 North Second Street. “Overtaken,” after the painting by John A. Lomax.
Please mention FRIENDS' INTEL“ The Ring,” after the painting by L. T. LIGENCER, when answering AdverAlma-Tadema.
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English House of Commons, on the 5th instant, the govern- ferences with Spain. The delegation consisted of Joseph S. ment leader, Arthur J. Balfour, explained the concessions Elkinton, of Philadelphia ; Samuel Morris of Olney, and made by China,—that the region of the Yang-tse-Kiang Charles Rhoads, of Haddonfield, N. J. The first named should not be alienated by any foreign power ; that the suc- acted as spokesman and read the memorial, which had been cessor of Sir Robert Hart, as Director of the Chinese Imperial- prepared by the Meeting for Sufferings. The President reMaritime Customs, is to be an Englishman, and that access ceived them kindly, and said he desired to maintain peace. to the inland waters is to be had by ships of all nations.
Those who deplore the influence of the saloon should Three new “ treaty ports" are to be opened, Fu-ning, Yo- give deep thought to the following, which is from The People, chan, and Chin-wang. The possession of Wei-Hai-Wei of Milton, Pa.: "You have no right to expect honesty of offsets Russia's seizure of Port Arthur. Japan agrees to the officials whose nomination and election were brought about former.
through the influence of the saloon. The saloons do not work
for political candidates without knowing that they can depend A FRIGHTFUL flood disaster occurred at Shawneetown, upon them to do the dirty work for which they were chosen." Illinois, on the evening of the 3d instant. By the breaking -Commonwealth. of the levee the river (Ohio) burst into the town, “a stream
--The Court of Cassation (Court of Appeals) of France has of water twelve to twenty feet deep carrying half the current
quashed the sentence of one year's imprisonment and 3,000 of the overflowing river. This «
came down in a great rush
francs fine imposed upom Emile Zola on February 23, at the like a tidal wave," and frame houses were lifted up and
close of his long trial. The decision is based on a technicrolled over and over. It occurred near evening, when most ality, that the complaint against Zola should have been made of the people were at supper.
Some reached strong buildings by the president of the Court-martial that tried Dreyfus, and and climbed on the roofs; some fled to the hills, and others
not by the Minister of War. It is not announced whether Zola got off on rafts, etc. ; but it is estimated, that some forty
will be re-tried. persons have been drowned. (Shawneetown has a population of about 1,400.)
- The new State Capitol at Harrisburg is to be built of brick, without exterior ornament, in order to keep it within
the limits of the appropriation. Public sentiment will approve : THE comparative statement of the United States Govern
the thrift of this arrangement, and State pride need have no ment receipts and expenditures during March shows that the
cause to feel asha med of a brick capitol. There are few total receipts were $32,958,750 and the expenditures $31,882,
Philadelphians who are not more proud of Independence Hall 444, an increase of nearly $5,000,000 over March, 1897.
than of the City Hall and its expanse of dingy marble.-Phila. This increase is largely due to expenditures under the recent
Record. appropriation for the national defence. The receipts from customs during the month were over $7,000,000 less than -Emigration from Europe to the Argentine Republic last March a year ago, which were then abnormally heavy on year, according to the official report, amounted to 130,626 account of the pending Tariff act.
persons, mostly agricultural laborers, who will find there meas;
ureless tracts of unoccupied land. These figures bring the
South American republic up pretty closely to the United States NEWS AND OTHER GLEANINGS.
as an attraction to the emigrant, for our present rate of immiDWIGHT L. Moody, the evangelist, who has been traveling gration is only about 200,000 a year. about a good deal, and meeting all sorts and conditions of -The district in which Berea College, Kentucky, is lo
as an exchange remarks, gives his impressions thus in cated established local option, nine years ago, “after quite a a Chicago newspaper : "The country seems more prosperous,
hard contest.'' The law, it is stated, has been quite well enbut there is a terrible restlessnessman unsettled feeling—an forced. “Owing to some uncertainty of precinct boundaries, utter and absolute dissatisfaction with the times, conditions, a new vote was ordered for Twelfth month 4, 1897. When and surroundingsma dissatisfaction that includes life itself, and the polls closed at the end of the day the votes stood 593 for leads to the constantly increasing list of suicides.
temperance and 40 for whiskey." -A delegation from the Meeting for Sufferings of Phila- --Among the archives of the. American Philosophical delphia Yearly Meeting (Arch street), called on President Society in Philadelphia, has been found the original copy of McKinley at the White House on the 16th ult. and presented the Declaration of Independence in Thomas Jefferson's own to him a memorial, urging the amicable settlement of the dif- handwriting.
A CORRESPONDENT from Haverford College, Pa., inquires what is the plant referred to by Shakespeare as “ Love-inIdleness"? It is one of the names of the Pansy. Johnny jump-up, is another com
The origin of these names is unknown. Pansy is simply the French name pensee put into an English form. It has a similar meaning to forget-me-not, or
think of me," and is pretty and appropriate.-Meehans' Monthly.
RECENTLY, two gentlemen, driving in a wagonette, were smoking, when a spark falling from one of their cigars set fire to some straw at the bottom of the carriage. The flames soon drove them from their seats; and, while they were extinguishing the fire, a countryman, who had for some time been following them on horseback, alighted to assist them. "I have been watching the smoke for some time," said he. Why, then, did you not give us notice?" asked the astonished travelers.
Well," responded the man, so many new-fangled notions nowadays I thought you were going by steam. Boston Herald.
ANY of the mixtures
« branded and sold as Pure White Lead contain little if
little if any White Lead, but are zinc and barytes. Barytes is used because it is cheap, not because it has any value as paint.
Protect yourself by using brands which are genuine and made by the old Dutch process.
See list of genuine brands.
or there are
National Lead Co., 100 William St., New York.
** Meetings to be visited by members of Easter Gloves
New York Yearly Meeting's Visiting Commit. *** The Salem First-day School Union will be held in Friends' meeting-house at Mickleton, FOURTH MONTH.
A grand assortment of Easter N. J., on Fourth month 9, at 10 a, m,
Kid Gloves is here and ready. 10. Brooklyn. Subject for discussion : What did George Fox 17. Smith s Clove.
The prices are exceptionally low mean when he said “ Mind the Light”? Mary E. Speakman, of George School, will
At $1.85—the equal of any Glove sold in
JOSEPH T. MCDOWELL, Clerk. conduct a class. The lesson will be taken from
Philadelphia at any price. Every new the Intermediate Lesson Leaves.
shade and all the desired fastenings. Trains leave foot of Market street, Philadel
It is the " Fleur de Lis." phia, at 8.20 a. m.
*** The Wilmington Monthly Meeting MinAll interested are invited to attend.
ute" Book, (Women's Branch), commencing At $1.50—the “Daubrey," made in G. BORTON,
1827, and ending Sixth month, 1846, having France exclusively for these Stores, ELLEN M. COLES.
been lost, anyone having said Book in their and here in all the Easter shades.
possession or any knowledge of the same, would Every wanted fastening, and a quality *** The Philanthropic Committee of Burling with William P. Bancroft, Clerk thereof, Wil
confer a favor to the meeting by communicating not sold elsewhere under $2. Same ton *Quarterly Meeting will hold a meeting in mington, Delaware.
for men. Friends' meeting-house, at Rancocas, N. J., on
At $1.00--the " Empress," in all the First-day, Fourth month 17, at 3 p. m.
newest shades and with all best fastInvitation is extended to all interested in the work. *** The regular meeting of Concord First
enings. We do not think. so good a F.S. ZELLEY. Clerk. day School Union will be held at Chester meet
Glove as this is sold elsewhere at this ing-house, Chester, Pa., on Seventh-day, Fourth price.
All interested Good Gloves for Boys, and for Misses we * First day evening meetings (Philadel month 16, convening at 10 a. m.
are invited to attend. phia', this month are held at Race above 15th
are showing Glove effects and styles
P. WORTH, street, at 7.30 o'clock. It will be a great satis
SMEDLEY, faction to have general attendance of our
Silver Novelties members.
The Stirling Silver sold here is *** A Temperance Conference under the care
I desire to make copies of the Manuscript
.925 fine and makes useful and of Haddonfield Quarterly Meeting's Philan of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, between the years 1708 thropic Committee, will be held at Medford, and 1748, both inclusive.
ornamental gifts for Easter. N. j., next First day afternoon, Ioth inst., at
A few of them I already have, as follows:
Sterling Silver Book Markers, 25 cents to
1738 2.30 o'clock. All are invited.
$1.50. EDMUND BRADDOCK, Clerk.
Sterling Silver Button-hooks, Shoe Horns, All the others I am desirous to obtain.
Nail Files, Curling Irons, Letter Op* The Visiting Committee of Baltimore These “ Extracts are no doubt in existence, some
eners, Cuticle Knives, Erasers, Tooth Yearly Meeting have arranged for the following where. Will not those in charge of collections of such
old documents look them over? I will take the best pos- Brushes, Nail Brushes, Stocking Meetings in Fourth month.
sible care of any handed me, and return them with little 10. Gunpowder
Darners, Seals, etc., are here priced delay.
HOWARD M. JENKINS, 17. Pipe Creek and Drumore.
921 Arch Street, Philadelphia.
from 50 cents to $1.50. 24. Washington and Huntington.
Mail orders receive prompt and JOHN J. CORNELL, Chairman.
GEORGE B. COCK,
accurate attention Stenographer,
Address orders to “ Department C." * Quarterly Meetings in Fourth month are as follows:
DISTANCE: 14 S. Broad St., Philadelphia.
Strawbridge & Clothier, 19. Western, Londongrove, Pa. 21. Caln, Sadsbury, Pa.
Residence, 216 W. Coulter Street 23. Westbury, Brooklyn, N. Y.
1-42-25-D, 25. Nebraska, H. Y. M., Lincoln, Neb. 26. Concord, Wilmington, Del.
13 STS. 27. Purchase, Amawalk, N. Y.
AND 30. Scipio, Scipio, N. Y.
NEWMAN'S *** Circular Meetings in Fourth month occur as follows:
H.C.BODEN & CO.
ART STORE 17. Chestnut Ridge.
WALNUT & 13"STS.
806 Market St., MANUFACTURING OPTICIANS
PHILADELPHIA, PENN. * First-day School Unions in Fourth month
PHILADELPHIA occur as follows:
Mirrors, Pictures, Frames,
Frames Regilded, 16. Abington. CLEMENT A. WOODNUTT,
Undertaker and Embalmer,
Philadelphia First day School Union will be held in Friends' meeting house, 15th and Race streets, on Sixth-day evening, Fourth month 8, at-7.30 o'clock. A good attendance is desired.
ROBERT PEARSON, } Clerks.
*** Abington First day School Union will be held in Friends meeting-house Norristown, Pa., Seventh-day Fourth month 16, 1898.
MARY H. FORMAN, Clerk.