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POSTMASTER McCROSKERY, of Newburg, N. Y., owns a check on the National Bank of Newburg for the sum of one cent. And this is how he became possessor of it : A drop letter in the Newburg postoffice, to go to a person in another State, had on it a one cent stamp instead of a two cent stamp. The person to whom the letter was addressed received a letter from Postmaster McCroskery, which informed him of the holding of the letter in accordance with the postal laws for the additional one cent postage. In response the person advised sent a money order for one cent through the Postal Telegraph Company, and wired the postmaster that he had sent it. The postmaster then sent the letter on to the person to whom it was addressed. At the telegraph office the one cent was refused until the postmaster called in a friend to identify him. This he did, and then a check for one cent on the Newburg National Bank was made to the order of the postmaster, and the person called in to identify him signed both the telegraph book and the check before it was delivered to Postmaster McCroskery. The check will be framed as a curiosity and kept to show the “red tape '' now necessary to do business. The receiver of the letter expended $1.25 for telegraphing and the money order to get the letter, and all because the sender neglected to put on a two cent instead of a one cent stamp.
the Popular Science Monthly, H. W. Fairbanks speaks of its earthquakes. He says:
“The most severe earthquake of which we have any record on the Pacific coast of the United States was due to the movement along this fault. On March 26, 1872, nearly the whole of California and Nevada was violently shaken. The loss of life, however, was confined to Owen's Valley. At Lone Pine, near the foot of the valley, out of a population of about three hundred people, twenty-three were killed and sixty injured. Goodyear has described in detail the effect of this éarthquake. After the event an examination showed numerous fault lines, extending as a general thing parallel to the base of the Sierras. Local areas sank, and in addition to the vertical movement there was a horizontal one amounting in some instances to from twelve to eighteen feet. Owing to the slight rainfall, the fault scarps left by this earthquake may still be seen. They indicate either a depression of the valley or an elevation of the Sierras to the extent of several feet, Russell mentions a fault cliff near Mono Lake of fifty feet which he thinks may date from this disturbance. It is clear that an equilibrium has not yet been reached, and there is no telling when the shocks may be repeated. These things forcibly remind us that geological processes are going on today as in the past.
Origin of American Indians.
THIS ever interesting subject is considered by Major John W. Powell (formerly in charge of the Government's Geological Survey) in The Forum. The conclusions he reaches are negative. After an examination of the claim that the Indian tribes are of Oriental origin, based on the similarity of their myths and customs and arts, Major Powell concludes as follows : -
“There is no evidence that the tribes of the Occident have ever commingled with the tribes of the Orient. Thus we are forced to conclude that the occupancy of America by mankind was anterior to the development of arts, industries, institutions, languages, and opinions; that the primordial occupancy of the continent antedates present geological conditions, and points to a remote time, which can be discovered only by geological, and biological investigation. In the demotic characteristics of the American Indians, all that is common to tribes of the Orient is universal, all that distinguishes one group of tribes from another in America distinguishes them from all other tribes of the world. Mankind was dispersed . . over the habitable earth anterior to the development of demotic characteristics.”
MOVEMENTS IN THE RELIGIOUS FIELD.
PERSECUTION of all other religious bodies than the State Church (the “Orthodox '' Greek) has continued the rule in Russia. The Emperor Nicholas (1825–1855) declared that it was the Russian program to realize the ideal “one language, one church, and one government.” The Evangelical Alliance has sent committees to the Czar asking for a more liberal treatment of nonconformists, but to no avail. The Protestants of the three Baltic provinces and the Catholics of the Polish districts have alike suffered. A religious journal of Berlin, “Das Reich Christi,’’’ says the persecutions do not avail. “Many millions of the adherents of the orthodox church,” it says, “have in recent years severed their connection with the official church of the country. Not only the Stundists, who number millions, have done so, but other and similar movements have spread with great rapidity, some independently of the Stundist movement and others in connection with it, and most of them of an ascetic and pietistic character, and morally superior to the State church type of religious life.” The Stundist propaganda is the most serious.
It is now proposed by the Government to send “missionaries'' among the “heretics,” and at a recent conference at Kazan the church authorities decided that their property ought to be confiscated, and their children taken from them.
M. M. BINFORD writes for the American Friend, under the caption “Three Present Day Worthies,” appreciative and sympathetic sketches of Dr. Theodore L. Cuyler, F. B. Meyer, and Frances Willard. Dr. Cuyler is the veteran Presbyterian minister and temperance advocate of Brooklyn, now in his seventy-seventh year. M. M. Binford found him in his study. He spoke of the Friends :
‘‘ ‘John G. Whittier was my personal friend. There upon the wall before thee,' for the doctor fell at once into the ‘ thee and thou,' ‘hangs the letter I received from Whittier upon his eightieth birthday. I have framed it that it might be constantly before me. So the Friends now have pastors ? Well, I am glad of the progressive movement among them. The foundation for it was laid in the work of Stephen Grellet and Joseph John Gurney. Does thee know anything of Richmond, Ind. 2 That, I take it, is the great center of western Quakerism.’’’
THE sketch given by M. M. Binford of Dr. F. B. Meyer (who is a prominent English evangelist and minister, having a church, the Regent Park Chapel, London) is of interest, as it takes occasion to dwell upon the point of “holiness,’’ the thought which has been so prominent among the western ‘‘ Orthodox '' Friends, and in other religious bodies, including the Methodists. He describes Dr. Meyer as saying that “the preaching of holiness was not new, that George Fox did it, though his language was not the same, the early Moravians, John Wesley, etc.”
“Dr. Meyer does not insist upon the emotional phases of the second experience, nor upon a definiteness of time, but more upon a definiteness of fact as to the reception of the Holy Spirit, either in a flood or by constantly increasing inflowing, and for the three purposes of inward sanctification, anointing for service, and attendant power in preaching or teaching the word. He does not believe in the absolute destruction of the sinful element in man, but in its being kept in the place of death, and as a matter of fact the practical difference is not great.” He ‘‘places great emphasis on the conformity of the believer's life to that of his Lord by the indwelling power of the Spirit.”
THE official “Year Book” of the Church of England shows that the salaries of the English clergy were diminished by $65,000 between 1895 and 1896, and that the decrease is continuing. The Churchman, commenting on this fact, says:
“Nobody knows what ought to be done. Perhaps it is but another phase of a general economic situation, the rise of a clerical proletariat, the problem of the ecclesiastical unemployed. Perhaps it is but another in the series of hard facts which is forcing the problem of church unity as a practical question upon the attention of thoughtful people. The Christian minister is poor because there are more Christian churches than the community can afford to support. And there are more churches than the neighborhood needs, because small differences, ecclesiastical or temperamental, have been exaggerated into reasons for separation. The poverty of the clergy must compel a more effective study of our present divisions.”
Evidently, it does not occnr to the Churchman that the solution of the trouble is to be in the direction of a diminution of professional clergv.
THE strain of the war danger has continued. There has been the utmost activity in naval and military preparations. A number of Small steamships, tugs, etc., have been bought in this country by the Government. The principal event has been the report of the Court of Inquiry in the Maine disaster. This reached Washington on the 25th, and was sent to Congress, with a brief message by the President, on the 28th. The report is to the effect which had been foreshadowed—that the wreck of the ship was caused primarily by an external agency, believed to be a submarine mine, which was placed nearly under the ship ; that a second explosion, inside the ship, was thus produced ; that the disaster was in no way due to those on the ship; and that the Court has been unable to fix the responsibility on any person or persons.
IT is announced from Washington, at this writing, that the President some days ago made a peremptory demand upon Spain to put an end immediately to hostilities in Cuba, to release the “concentrados,” and to permit them to return to their homes, and resume their occupations unmolested. The Madrid authorities are now considering their reply to this demand. A conference was held at Madrid, on the afternoon of the 29th, between the Premier, Sagasta, two of his ministers, Moret and Gullon, and United States Minister Woodford. It was adjourned “for forty-eight hours,” and the dispatch says that “then there seems no kind of doubt that the Ministry will give to the world a peaceful and honorable solution of the whole question of Cuba.” It is uncertain, however, whether this means the withdrawal of the Spanish troops from Cuba, or is a proposal for an armistice. The latter, the Cuban insurgents will not accept, as they say it would only give Spain time to collect her forces for fresh efforts. It is said France is ready to tender its good offices as mediator between the United States and Spain, if any intimation is conveyed by this country that such offices would be acceptable.
DISPATCHES from Washington, on the 29th and 30th represent that there is a strong dissent by probably a majority of both Houses of Congress from any policy granting Spain more time in Cuba. Fifty-six Republican members of the House, in favor of “vigorous action '' of some sort, held a conference on the evening of the 29th, and adjourned to meet again next day. One object is to convince Speaker Reed that he cannot control the House in favor of a policy of delay. It is probable that the answer of the Spanish Ministry will be waited for, but that further diplomatic negotiations will cause vehement protests. IT was understood to be the President's intention to send to Congress on the 29th, following upon the communication of the Maine report, a message asking for an appropriation of at least $500, ooo, to purchase supplies for the starving people in Cuba. The message, however, was not sent. Many Congressmen declared that they would not vote supplies in this manner, without intervening in the war. Clara Barton, who returned to this country from Cuba, a few days ago, will go back, it is now stated, and continue her work of distributing relief. A. M. Parker, who accompanied Senator Proctor in his recent visit to Cuba, is quoted as saying that some of the relief supplies fall into the hands of the Spanish soldiers, instead of the “reconcentrados.’’
MUCH interest attaches to the action of Spain in reference to her naval activities. Her fleet of torpedo boats, which are considered very threatening, left the Azores Islands last week
LoRD SALISBURY, the English Prime Minister, is in bad health, and has gone to the south of France. His resignation has been rumored, but also is denied. The London Zimzes, 28th ult., says : “England at the present moment possesses, practically, neither a Prime Minister nor a Foreign Minister. Mr. Arthur Balfour would make a capital Foreign Minister if appointed permanently, but he cannot be spared from the leadership of the House of Commons.”
PHILADELPHIA has had a further financial sensation in the collapse of the Guarantors' Finance Company and the People's Bank. The latter is a State institution, and has been known for many years as a political concern. The cashier, John S. Hopkins, committed suicide. James McManes, the president, has agreed to make up out of his private pocket the sum needed to pay depositors in full. Richard F. Loper, manager of the other concern, the Guarantors' has been arrested and put under bail. It is alleged that excessive loans to him, some $700, ooo, by Hopkins, caused the wreck of the bank.
MUCH dissatisfaction exists in the British governmental circles over the loss of prestige and influence which it is felt has been sustained in China. The surrender of Port Arthur and Ta-Lien-Wan by the Chinese to the Russian troups was accomplished on the 28th ult., and the Russian flag was hoisted over both places. A dispatch from London, 28th, says it is reported that England, seeing the partition of China to be inevitable, will acquiesce, and merely strive to get her share. “It is deemed improbable that Japan, single-handed, or still less in conjunction with China, will combat the policy of the European Powers.” The British fleets are again to rendezvous in the Gulf of Pe-chi-li, to support the diplomatic efforts of the British minister at Pekin. It is said that the old statesman, Li Hung Chang, will resume power in China.
THE disclosure by Councilman Stevenson of bribery in the Philadelphia City Councils, in connection with the Schuylkill Valley Water Company ordinance (mentioned two weeks ago), has been followed by other events. Smith, whom Stevenson charged with the corrupt offer ($5,000), was indicted by the Grand Jury on the 25th ult., and plead not guilty on the 28th. His trial was fixed for the 29th. An investigation was also begun by District Attorney Graham, before Judges Gordon and Bregy, and Select Councilman Louis J. Walker confessed that he had been paid $500 in money for helping a favorable report from committee for the Water ordinance, and had been offered $5, ooo more for his vote on the measure. He said the money was paid him by Councilman Charles Seger, and the bribe offered by Select Councilman Byram. The scandals attending this attempt to plunder the public may, it is now hoped, be uncovered. The investigation was adjourned to the Ist instant.
NEWS AND OTHER GLEANINGS.
THE illness of W. E. Gladstone is announced as critical. One report is that he is suffering from a cancer of the nasal passages. A London newspaper, the Westminster Gazette, 28th, says: “It is no news, we fear, to say that Mr. Gladstone's illness must necessarily be fatal in a comparatively short time. Mr. Gladstone is fully informed as to his own condition. He askel the doctors to tell him the truth, and he was thankful when informed that he had no chance of recovery. His state of mind is one of complete happiness.” —Sir William Van Horne, president of the Canadian Pacific railroad, calculates that from 200, Ooo to 3oo, Ooo persons will be taken into the Klondike country the present year, and that on an average each person will take along $1, Ooo in supplies and money. That would be a total expenditure of $200, ooo, Ooo or more, and if one-tenth of that amount of gold is brought back within two years most expectations will be surpassed. —A few days ago President McKinley planted an oak tree in the White House grounds, re-establishing a custom begun a good many years ago, but broken by President Cleveland. The tree planted is a small scarlet leaf or red oak. The president shoveled the dirt in the hole after placing the sapling. There was no ceremony, although the incident was witnessed by a number of people. —The elections for the popular branch of the Spanish Cortes have passed off quietly. The indications are that the Sagasta Government will have an enormous majority, estimated at 3oo of the 432 seats in the Congress. As heretofore said, such elections are merely formal, the people having little real choice. —As a result of the discovery of wholesale bribery and corruption, Ioo dock-yard officials and officers of the Russian Black Sea fleet have been arrested. Admiral Kopyloff, Commander of the fleet, has been dismissed. . —Owing to the disorganization in financial affairs, there is great distress among the people of Hayti, the cost of provisions being very high. —The Supreme Court of the United States, in an opinion by Justice Gray, on the 28th ult., confirmed the citizenship of persons born in the United States of Chinese parents. —Judge Campbell of San Francisco, has decided that a cat is not a domestic animal and cannot therefore be claimed as the property of any one. –In the rural districts of England one policeman for every I, I 50 of the population is found sufficient to preserve order ; in the boroughs one for every 697 is required, and in London itself one in 312.
—Sheldon Jackson, acting on behalf of the War Department, has sold 200 head of the reindeer herd that was bought for the Yukon relief expedition to private parties. It is understood that the government received about $1 oo a head. The buyers were P. C. Richardson, an Alaskan mail carrier, and W. A. Brooman, who is connected with an Alaskan transportation company. *
—A current news item says: “Garfield University, in
Wichita, Kan., has been sold to James M. Davis, a wealthy
Quaker of St. Louis, for $50,000 by Edgar Harding, of Boston, Mass., who purchased it under foreclosure. Mr. Davis has presented the building, with 3oo lots facing the campus, to the Society of Friends, who will establish there a national university.” —Large quantities of seed potatoes, brought from New York and other States have been sold at public sale in this section of Pennsylvania, within a few weeks. At Ivyland, Bucks county, two sales, one of 4,000 bushels, and one of 1,800, are reported, the average prices being 97 and 98 cents per bushel. They included “choice varieties.” s —J. William Cox, of Escondido, California, mourns the loss of a thoroughbred Guernsey cow worth a hundred dollars which somebody stole from his pasture a week or two ago. It was a portion of the herd that Mr. Cox took to California with him when he moved from East Marlborough a few years ago. —Kennett (Pa.) Advance. —The war between the Sugar Trust and the Arbuckles is assuming such a desperate character, a current item says, “that the big wholesale grocers throughout the West are preparing to throw off the yoke of the Trust and assert their rights to go into the open market for the purchase of their Sugar.'" —A notable centenarian is Adam Adamcek of South Chicago, who recently celebrated his II 5th birthday, with an “at home,” being assisted in receiving his guests by his second wife, aged 88, and his eldest daughter, Miss Pauline, aged 92. Adamcek is a Pole, born in 1783. —The richest institution of learning in Maryland is now the Jacob Tome Institute, which receives $4, ooo, Ooo by Mr. Tome's will. Johns Hopkins University never had so much wealth, even with the Baltimore and Ohio stock rated as it was at Johns Hopkins's death. —There are three Tennysons of the late poet laureate's family and generation still living—two sisters, the younger in her 81st year, and Arthur Tennyson, nearly 84.
—Wisconsin will celebrate the semi-centennial of her admission to statehood in a few weeks, and California is making preparations for a like event later on.
“As it seems best to only continue subscription to one
wo we & g * ATLANTIC American publication of Friends, I have decided that one shall be the INTELLIGENCER.” BRADI.EY *- BROOKLYN - . . . " New York. *** A discovery made in modern times is that wheat, JEWETT which, more than any other article of food furnishes all ULSTER the elements and in the right proportion required to UNION o the *: a valuable part of o o SOUTHERN }ch in t di ... I lting t - CoC), W en groun o e of inary manner. In bolting the g flour to make “white flour,” four-fifths of the gluten, the very most nutritious part of the grain, is taken out. COLLIER, t The Entire Wheat Flour, made by the Franklin Mills MISSOURI St. Loui Co., Lockport, N. Y., is made by a process which sim- RED SEAL, • LuoulS. ply denudes the wheat kerne of the then outside silicious $OUTHERN covering, and then grinds into fine flour all the digestible l f th •y . JOHN T.LEWIS & BR0s go elements of the grain. Philadelphia. - MOBIEM Cleveland. SALEMI Salem, Mass.
Please mention FRIENDS INTELLIGENCER, when answering Advertisements in it. This is of value to
CORNELI, Buffalo. KENTUCKY Louisville.
ET us send you a pamphlet giving information concerning paint—the kind that lasts. It is made from Pure White Lead and Pure Linseed Oil. Pamphlet also contains samples of colors or shades made with Pure White Lead (see list of brands) and Tinting Colors, and gives full directions for mixing
and applying them.
us and to the advertisers. National Lead Co., zoo William St., Wew York.
We feel that we have just reason to be proud of the lines of Women's Shoes which are now here grouped for the pleasure of our customers. Never any lack of care in the selection, as we fully appreciate the necessity of having well-appearing, wellfitting, and comfortable Shoes at reasonable prices.
Hand-made French Shank Shoes, for which the women's bootmaker would require $9.oO, are here with every touch of elegance which he could give them, and At $6.50 a pair. Dressy Street Shoes, of French Patent Calf, in the mannish effect so much desired by well-dressing women, with round toes and low sensible heels, buttons or lace, and these $o, At $6.00 a pair. Then, at a popular price, we show a great variety of fashionably-shaped Women's Shoes, with all the different widths and styles of toe from the narrowest now in vogue to the extremely broad ones. All sizes and widths are here, and every conceivable condition can be met. These at $5.00 a pair. Our customers are beginning to ask for the Low Shoes already. We thought they might, and so we have an exceptional variety now ready for the showing. We have them either in welts or in the thin turned soles, and in all grades. The