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Advertisements of “Wanted,” “For Rent,"

Mc CLEES GALLERIES) Friends' Intelligencer Association,

“For Sale," etc., 5 cents a line, each insertion. (LIMITED.)

Seven average words make a line. No advertise.

ment inserted for less than 20 cents. SINGLE SUBSCRIPTION, $2.00 PER ANNUM. a discount of one-fourth from this rate, making the price A linen foom, office assistant

, or position of trust


Picture Dealers.
To those who get up and forward “ Clubs

No objection to seashore. Address No.
Address No. 20, this Office.

Frame Manutarturers.
give one extra copy, free, for each ten subscribers.
Single copies, 5 cents.

housekeeper, or companion. Willing to travel.

Address No. 21, INTELLIGENCER Office. STUDENTS of art, literature, or history find an SUBSCRIPTIONS MAY BEGIN AT ANY TIME.

inexhaustible store of illustrations in the great colWHEN IT IS DESIRED TO DISCONTINUE, NOTICE MUST BE

:, lection of the Soule PHOTOGRAPH Co., of Boston, for WE DO NOT and also to instruct two small children.

which we are agents. Scenes of travel in all countries; Address B., Friends' INTELLIGENCER Office, castles, cathedrals, and cities of Europe; portraits of

royalty and celebrities of all times, past and present; reOFFICES : 921 ARCH ST., PHILADELPHIA. PARTIES DESIRING TO VISIT WASHINGTON productions of famous art works, old and new; these are

can be accommodated with rooms and board in a

a part only. With such a collection to draw upon, illusFriends' family. One block from street cars passing trating becomes an absorbing pleasure. REMITTANCES by mail should be in CHECKS, railroad stations, Capitol, and public buildings. Terms, Drafts, or Post-OFFICE MONEY ORDERS; the last $1.50 a day. preferred. Money sent us by mail will be at the risk of

Address' FRIEND, 1626 Nineteenth Street, N. W., SOME RECENT PICTURES. the person 80 sending. The Draw checks and money

Washington, D. C.

“ London to York,” a scene in the old coachorders to the order of FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER AssoCIATION, LIMITED.


ing days, by W. Dendy Sadler. The parlor of

the inn; “ Time's up!" calls the guard. 325 SwedE STREET, NORRISTOWN, PENNA.

“ The Offer of Marriage," an etching from the ATTORNEY-AT-LAW.

painting by W. Dendy Sadler.
Practicing in Montgomery and Philadelphia counties.

Vespertina Quies,” a fine engraving from A GOOD WORD EACH WEEK. -X., . . .157

the painting by Burne-Jones.



A COLLECTION of paintings in oil and water MEMORIES OF OLD FRIENDS: ANNA

623 Walnut Street, Philadelphia. OFFICES :

colors by W. LIVINGSTON HENDERSON, mainly Maria Fox. BY THOMAS HODGKIN, 157

Ambler, Montgomery Co., Pa.

historical landscapes of England, Scotland, and THE “ UNDERGROUND RAILROAD: By

Germany, is now on exhibition in our galleries EDWARD H. MAGILL, LL. D., (Con- Young Friends' Association.

No charge for admission. tinued),

159 A regular meeting of the Young Friends' Association
will be held in the Lecture Room,

15th and Race Streets, UNDER DIVINE OR HUMAN LAW? By

on Second-day, Third month 14, 1898, at 8 o'clock. Mary G. SMITH,.



An Evening with Quaker Poets."
162 All are invited.

Temperance Lessons (Adult Classes), 163



As one of the oldest houses in the watch The Shadow of War,


trade established three generations ago-ard Notes,

164, 165

up to date in every feature of the business, we BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, DEATHS,

165 are able to offer the best and most serviceable NEWS OF FRIENDS :

watches for the least money. Give us a call. . Duanesburgh Quarterly Meeting,


GEO. C. CHILD, Notes,


1020 Chestnut St.-2d Floor.' NOTES FROM ISAAC WILSON.-IV.,


Established 1810 at 824 North Second Street. AT COLORADO SPRINGS,



Practical House and Sign Painter, CONFERENCES, ASSOCIATIONS, ETC., 168 Office, 907 N. Thirteenth Street, } Philadelphia, Pa.

6. The Old Arm Chair" EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT, . 169 | Residence, 1714 Woodstock Street,


HENRY C. ELLIS, . Durable Work made historical, in song and story. When

Reliable Workmen

you buy an armchair you want to select From California Subscribers,

House and Sign Painting. 170

the kind that lasts a lifetime. We have What Would Friends Do?

170 | Residence, 404 N. 32d St. 112 N. TENTH ST, that kind. You can tell its lasting qualiDecrease of Friends in Ohio, 170

ties just as soon as you have seen it. PERSONAL NOTES,

Richards & Shourds, Jobbing attended to 170

Different prices for different material, but


1125 Spring St. (first street above Race), Philada., Pa. all as low as honest furniture can possibly Hayes; Valuation,


Thompson Shourds, 2212 Wallace Street. be sold.

Charles W. Richards, 1220 Angle St., Tioga. FRANCES E. WILLARD, 171



927 Arch Street. THE CROW,

For rent or sale, Queen Anne Cottage; 12 A SANDSTORM IN THE DESERT,


rooms, steam heat, and open fire grates. The Formerly 1216 Market Street. SCIENCE Notes,


location is very delightful, directly overlooking
the athletic grounds of the College, and very



close to the meeting-house; one acre of ground, LIGENCER, when answering AdvertiseNEWS AND OTHER GLEANINGS,

175 and plenty of fruit
Apply to

ments in it. This is of value to us NOTICES,

176, iii
DAVID SCANNELL, 814 Arch Street.

and to the advertisers.


No. II,

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Striking and Valuable,"

Swarthmore, Pa.


-offered this week at specially
Primary, Intermediate, High School,
and College Preparatory Classes. Send

OF NAZARETH. inviting prices.
for catalogue containing particulars,
references, and letters from parents.
" Joseph the Dreamer," and

Bleached Damask

"A Child's Religion.”

60-inch, extra heavy, 50 cents a yard. LONGMANS, London; SCRIBNERS, New York, 66-inch, extra heavy, 75 cents a yard.

and all Booksellers. Friends' Academy,

68-inch, extra heavy and fine, $1 a yard. LOCUST VALLEY, LONG ISLAND.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF LOUISA J. ROBERTS. A Boarding and Day School for Boys and Girls, under

Napkins the care of Friends.

With Extracts from her Journal, and Thorough instruction to fit for business or to enter

18 by 18 inches, fine full bleached, $1.00

Selections from her Writings. college. Board and tuition $150 per school year.

a dozen. Building with modern conveniences.

12mo., cloth, 286 pages, with two portraits. Price, For particulars, address $1.00, postage paid.

20 by 20 inches, extra fine, full bleached, PRINCIPAL FRIENDS' ACADEMY

$2.00 a dozen.

For Sale by
Locust Valley, Long Island, N. Y.

24 by 24 inches, extra heavy, full bleached,

$2.50 a dozen. Chappaqua Mountain Institute,

S. W. Corner 15th and Race Streets, Philadelphia. 66-inch heavy Cream Damask, 50 cents

a yard.

The building is modern, and the location is the hill
country thirty-two miles north of New York City.


22 by 42 inches, fine Huck, hemmed For Circulars, address

Damask border, 25 cents each.

Among the Rushes.
Chappaqua, New York.
What is the World.

22 by 45 inches, fine Huck, fringed Dam-
Not Changed but Glorified.

ask border, 25 cents each.

24 by 50 inches, Cream Bath Towels, YOUNG FRIENDS' ASSOCIATION ROOMS, Above are uniform with

extra heavy, 20 cents each.
Peter Noddy.

18-inch all-linen Glass Toweling, 8 cents
Tommy's Friend.

a yard.

The Seed and the Prayer.

18-inch all-linen heavy Barnsley Crash, The rooms are open daily, except First-days, from

What the Sparrow Chirps. 8.30 a. m. to 9.30 p, m., and Friends are cordially invited

1272-cent quality, at 10 cents a yard. to avail themselves of the facilities afforded, those from

Light After Darkness.

Remnants of Table Linens, Crashes, without the city and young Friends boarding in the city

My Times Are in Thy Hands. being particularly desired to do so.

Thou Art My God.

Butcher's, Pillow and Sheeting Linens at
The rooms are designed to be

25 per cent. below regular price.
Making ten in the set. Price, 5 cents each; A lot of fine Table Cloths and Napkins,
full set 45 cents.

soiled, at 25 per cent. below regular prices.
The Pennhurst,

Mail orders receive prompt and
Michigan Avenue, Atlantic City, N. J.
S. W. Cor. 15th and Race Sts., Philad’a.

accurate attention
The house has every convenience, including Please mention FRIENDS'. INTEL- Address orders to Department “C."
steam heat and an electric elevator running to LIGENCER, when answering Adver-
level of pavement. Open all the year.

Strawbridge & Clothier, for illustrated booklet.

tisements in it. This is of value to JAMES HOOD. us and to the advertisers.




Volume LV.

Established 1844.
The Journal, 1873.



{ Number 10.


his horn. Then the boundless hospitality of all the X.

Falmouth Friends; and, lastly, the quiet little meetI SHOULD say to all Friends trying to do mission ings in the old-fashioned meeting-house. At the head

of the meeting sat two Friends, a mother and a son, work that any one going out under the uame of Christ,

the former a minister, the latter an elder-Elizabeth who has not in his heart the vital essence of the Truth, is

Fox, and her son Robert Were Fox. The mother was sure to bring harm to the cause.

rather a fragile-looking old lady, verging upon eighty, GILBERT GILKES. dressed, of course, in the orthodox Quaker costume

cylindrical bonnet and (I think) white silk shawl, but From the proceedings of the Friends' Conference on For- all of best material, and scrupulously neat. The son eign Missions, at Darlington, England, Ninth month, 1896. was already elderly, near the end of his sixth decade. The speaker had been visiting South Africa, and inspecting His noble forehead was almost bald, but, with his the mission work among the Kaffir tribes.

strongly-marked black eyebrows and beautifully

carved profile, he was still and always to uttermost old TRUE REST.

age a strikingly handsome man. One knew that this God sends sometimes a stillness in our life,

plain "Friend," who sat with his mother at the head The bivouac, the sleep,

of the meeting, was a Fellow of the Royal Society, the When on the silent battlefield the strife

improver if not the inventor of the dipping-needle, and Is hushed in slumber deep ;

author of some valuable papers on the relation of magWhen wearied hearts exhausted sink to rest, Remembering nor the struggle nor the quest.

netic currents to the distribution of mineral veins in

the earth's crust. This knowledge made it all the He giveth rest more perfect, pure, and true While we his burden bear :

more charming to see the tender deference and respect It springeth not from parted pain, but through

with which, when the family gathered up after meetThe accepted blessing there;

ing, at the “Bank House," Elizabeth Fox's home, he, The lesson pondered o'er with thoughtful eyes,

the eminent man of science, himself already a grandThe faith that sees in all a meaning wise.

father, spoke to his mother, the honored head of the Deep in the heart of pain, God's hand hath set

clan. A hidden rest and bliss :

The two Friends whose appearance I have atTake as his gift the pain, the gift brings yet A truer happiness.

tempted to describe were the grandmother and the God's voice speaks through it all the high behest father of Anna Maria Fox, who has just died at the That bids his people enter into rest.

age of eighty-one. I like to think that, having known -Lucy Fletcher.

Elizabeth Fox, I have seen six generations of the same

family; for the great-great-great-grandchildren of that From Friends' Quarterly Examiner, London.

venerable lady will before long be out of the nursery. MEMORIES OF OLD FRIENDS: ANNA

I must not tarry too long over that earlier generaMARIA FOX.

tion, but I wish I could give my readers a picture of BY THOMAS HODGKINS, D. C. L.

the plainly yet daintily dressed little woman who sat By the death of Anna Maria Fox, of Falmouth,* an

on that day at the head of Falmouth meeting. So interesting chapter of social and intellectual life has slight-looking (according to my remembrance her been closed. It is with no intention of writing a

she was, and yet so strong: certainly an illustration of biographical memoir of my dear kinswoman, but rath

the truth of the maxim that the mothers of remarkable er in the hope that I may convey to my younger read

men are generally themselves remarkable. She was ers some idea of the circle in which she moved, and of

married very young; her eldest son was only twenty her influence upon it, that I write these “Memories." years younger than herself, and she was left a widow My first visit to Falmouth was nearly fifty years

at fifty; her husband (R. W. Fox, Sr.) having died ago, in 1848. How well I remember my first view suddenly at an inn in Devonshire •when they were of that wonderful landlocked harbor, spread out as

traveling up to London to attend the “ Yearly Meeta map before me as I crossed the hill above Penryn; | ing." Yet, left thus in middle life with a family of ten the streets of the town, which are narrow at this day, children growing up around her, she faced her duties but were then even more ludicrously narrow; and the

bravely. With the help of that wise, studious eldest mail-coach dashing through them while the driver son, she not only governed her household, but had a cracked his whip and the red-coated guard sounded

voice of some power in the management of the family

business. In earlier days while her husband was still * She died at "Penjerrick," near Falmouth, England, living, there were many times when a hostile visit from Eleventh month 18, 1897, aged 81 years.


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French cruisers was hourly expected. There was a tions," and Joyce's “Scientific Dialogues,” and there
quiet farm-house, some miles from Falmouth, which was something of the atmosphere of the forcing-house
belonged to the Fox family, and to which Elizabeth in many Friendly homes.
Fox had planned to carry her children as soon as the Robert Were Fox had three children:
French guns should be heard in the bay.

1. Anna Maria, who was born February 21st, 1816.
Of the ten children of Robert W. and Elizabeth 2. Robert Barclay, born in 1817.
Fox, I will only mention the four sons who lived to 3. Caroline, born on the same day as Queen Vic-
old age, and all of whom I have known. They were

toria, May 24th, 1819. certainly an extraordinary group of men, not least be- The fact that the brother came between them, and cause of their very different characters. There was that there was a difference of three years in their ages, first Robert Were Fox, F.R.S., of whom I have already must at first have somewhat separated the work and spoken-steady, cautious, accurate, methodical, just the play of the two sisters; but naturally as they grew the type of the patiently plodding English man of sci- up to womanhood this difference disappeared; and, in

Then came Joshua, as unlike Robert as it is fact, Caroline, who had the more philosophical and possible to imagine—"a child of nature,” living with critical mind of the two, rather took the lead of her his three daughters a sort of hermit-life (if one may sister in all literary discussions and literary friendships, think of a hermit with daughters) in his beautiful wil- whilst in artistic faculty Anna Maria remained forederness of Tregedna, feeding his birds, which flew most. But, though it is impossible to avoid thus comfearlessly about him and picked the crumbs from be- paring the powers of the two sisters, it may be truly tween his lips, in all things a poet except that he never said that there was never any shade of rivalry between (I believe) wrote two lines of verse. Then Alfred, them. They were very different: in many respects it large-hearted, genial British merchant, but also keenly might be said that each had what the other lacked, but interested in scientific discoveries, a good mathema- it was truly a marriage of the heart which welded them tician, and a mineralogist of some eminence. And, together. Their friends always thought of them and lastly, Charles, whose intellectual range was in some talked of them as one blended personality : "Anna respects the widest of all the brothers; for, though not Maria and Caroline”; and

can again an original worker like Robert, he kept himself thor-speak of them now that death has joined what for oughly au courant with all the scientific discoveries of twenty-seven years he had put asunder. The bright his day, read all that was best in general literature, was patience with which the surviving sister bore her long a judge of paintings, had an extensive knowledge of widowhood (for such it really was after Caroline's history, and in his later years especially was an earnest death) is not the least noble side of her character. student of whatever conduced to the better under- Growing up in the stimulating, intellectual atmostanding of the Bible.

sphere of Falmouth with her father's scientific friends I must not, however, be tempted to diverge into the watching the unfolding of this young and eager intelinteresting lives of these men and their descendants. lect, Anna Maria Fox accomplished a feat which is, My object is not to write the history of the Fox fam- I should think, unique in the story of feminine achieveily, but only to indicate the kind of influences which ment. At the age of seventeen she was the virtual helped to form the characters of Anna Maria Fox and founder of a scientific institution which lasts to this her more famous sister. Her father married, in 1814, day, and which has powerfully influenced the intellecMaria, daughter of Robert Barclay, of Bury Hill. The tual development of her native county. It was, I benew bride, whose mother was one of the Gurneys of lieve, after a visit with her father to an early meeting Norwich, was one of that band of cousins among of the British Association that she formed a plan for whom Joseph John Gurney and Elizabeth Fry were the creation of a society which should foster habits of the most conspicuous, who, having been brought up in study, stimulate invention, and raise the standard of a wealthy and rather worldly circle, when they came art in Cornwall. For this purpose, not only lectures to the parting of the ways made their choice for down- were to be delivered, but there was to be a yearly exright earnest Christianity, and incidentally for Quak-hibition, both of pictures and of manifold mechanical erism with all its crosses and social self-denials. Maria inventions, especially those connected with the two Fox was a minister in the Society of Friends, gentle great industries of Cornwall, the fisheries and the and acceptable, but by no means so powerful as her mines. This was the origin of the Royal Cornwall namesake of Tottenham, who was one of the most elo- Polytechnic Society, which held its first exhibition in quent female preachers that the Society of Friends has the autumn of 1833, before its originator had celeproduced.

“Aunt Robert” was, however, no mere brated her eighteenth birthday, and which, having conpietist, but entered heartily into the intellectual inter- tinued its annual exhibition, without interruption and ests of the circle into which she was brought by her with great success from that time till the present, marriage. Though not exactly "a learned lady,” she shows still no signs of decay. had received the sound and solid education which was To us who since 1851 have been almost surfeited at that day rather conspicuously the special privilege with industrial exhibitions, the thought of founding of the daughters of wealthy Friends, and her influence this society in Cornwall may seem a very obvious one. on her children's education was always of a stimulat- But in 1833 the scheme had all the freshness of absoing kind-perhaps, according to our present notions, lute novelty; and I believe I am correct in saying that rather too stimulating, for these were the days of Miss even the Great Exhibition of 1851, the prolific parent Edgeworth's stories, and Mrs. Marcet's “ Conversa- of so many similar gatherings, was itself in a certain


sense the child of the Falmouth Polytechnic. True, to The thought perhaps suggests itself to some minds, the late Prince Consort is rightly attributed the first Since the Journal of the younger sister was so full public proposal to hold such an exhibition, but I have of interest, would it not be well that the elder sister's heard that the late Robert Hunt, the author of " Pan- also should in the same way be given to the world ? " thea," who had been first brought into notice by the This, however, is out of the question, as Anna Maria Cornwall Polytechnic Society, and who had gone up has left express injunctions that no word of her jourto London to make his way there as a man of science, nals is to be published. Even had this not been the first suggested the idea to his princely patron.

case, however, I doubt whether the publication would Of course such an important scheme as the found- have been desirable. For, as I have before hinted, the ing of the Cornwall Polytechnic Society could not have intellectual qualities of the two sisters were essentially been carried into effect without powerful assistance to

different. In Caroline there was great subtlety of perits young projector. Her father, with characteristic ception, and—though readers of her published Journal modesty, remained very much in the background, but may hardly recognize it-a decided tendency to sarseveral influential members of the county aristocracy, casm, not ill-natured, but pungent enough to make foremost among them Sir Charles Lemon, and his her rather formidable to the general run of her acbrother-in-law Lord de Dunstanville, gave a hearty quaintance. In her later years, though she never lost and life-long support to the new Society, and to them her quiet perception of the ludicrous, this tendency to in great measure its success ought to be attributed. sarcasm was kept under strong restraint; but its exThe relation of the Fox clan to the hereditary land- istence, and the keen insight from which it sprang; owners and nobility of their native county was very were the qualities which made her little "thumb-nail creditable to both parties. There were mutual courtesy sketches" of character so graphic and so precious. and hearty co-operation for good ends without sacri- Anna Maria, on the other hand, with all her brilfice of independence on the one side, or airs of patron- liancy of intellect, had an essentially uncritical nature, age on the other. Any one who is acquainted with and was under no temptation to be sarcastic. She the curious phenomena of English social life, and who saw-she could not help seeing—all that was good in knows how absurdly wide is the chasm which some- people whom she met, but she was almost blind to the times yawns between “ Town” and “County," will ad- bad; she was apt to credit them with as much earnestmit that Science in this case did a good work in bring- ness of purpose, as keen an intellectual appetite as she ing together kindred spirits whom a foolish class dis- herself possessed; and she was thus too incurably optinction might otherwise have kept separate.

timistic to be an accurate judge of character. ProbSoon after the foundation of the Polytechnic So-ably, therefore, the result of her midnight labors, ciety the celebrated journals began to be written. though bright, genial, and sympathetic, would be Their origin was a curious one. The two sisters were,

much less valuable in the eyes of strangers than the
I imagine, a little short of pocket-money, and their work of her keener-eyed sister Caroline.
father offered them each an extra guinea if they would

(Conclusion to follow.)
keep a faithful chronicle of the events which happened
in each year. Begun in this way for so trifling a re-

THE “ UNDERGROUND RAILROAD." ward, the journals became before long objects of in

tense affection to their writers for their own sakes.
The hours of study in the morning, the hours given up

(Continued froin Last Week.)
to social claims in the afternoon and evening, must I am informed by John S. Brown, now of Swarthmore,
not be trenched upon; so, after an interesting day, far formerly for many years editor of the “Bucks County
into the small hours of the night the sisters would sit Intelligencer,” that some time in 1837, he having fin-
up filling those wonderful little volumes with records ished his apprenticeship, and living with his mother
of conversations in which they had shared, reflections in Plumstead during the temporary absence of his
on books that they had read, or sometimes notes of

father in the West, he was one day in Doylestown on sermons to which they had listened. The habit thus business, and as he passed the Temperance Hotel, then • formed was kept up till late in middle life, long after kept by his brother-in-law, Kirk J. Price, Mr. Price the offered guinea had lost its attractive power; and

stepped out and asked him, in a somewhat mysterious often, I should think, must the patient journalists have

manner, to keep a sharp lookout as he passed a cornlaughed together over the paltry reward which first field along Academy Lane, and a passenger would prelured them into a path which they found so pleasant.

sent herself, whom he was to take to the house of It is out of Caroline's journal thus written that a

Charles and Martha Smith, in Plumstead (Martha besmall percentage of interesting extracts was culled ing his father's sister), ask no questions, and leave her and given to the world under the title of "

in their care. Memories

He did as directed, and soon saw a of Old Friends," a book which has had thousands of woman looking cautiously out from between the corn readers on both sides of the Atlantic. Many persons

rows, stopped and took her in, conveyed her to the have come from far, in some cases even from America,

house of his aunt, and they gladly received her and no to visit the home of the writer of these “Memories :" doubt forwarded her on her way to the next Underand in one instance at least some enthusiastic readers ground station at either Quakertown or Stroudsburg. took up their permanent residence at Falmouth, that

In that way, he says, he became for one day a conthe place which had been her home might be theirs

ductor on the Underground Railroad. also.

From Isaac Warner, of Hatboro, I learn that his

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