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A Good word Each week—ix, .

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AND JOURNAL.

PHILADELPHIA, 921 Arch STREET, SECOND MONTH 26, 1898.

. . . rublished weekly by Friends’ (LIMITED.)

SINGLE SUBSCRIPTION, $2.oo PER ANNUM.

To subscribers residing west of the Mississippi River a discount of one-fourth from this rate, making the price $1.5o per annum. To those who get up and forward “Clubs’ we will give one extra copy, free, for each ten subscribers. Single copies, 5 cents.

Subscriptions MAY BEGIN AT ANY TIME.

WHEN IT. Is Desire D To Discontinue, Norice Must be Given. WE DO NOT “stop"' PAPERs except UPon ORDER OF SUBSCRIBER.

of FICES: 92; ARCH ST., PHILADELPHIA.

REMITTANCES by mail should be in CHEcks, DRAFTs, or Post-office Money ORDERs; the last preferred. Money sent us by mail will be at the risk of the person so sending. Go-Draw checks and money orders to the order of FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER AssoCIATION, LIMITED.

CoNTENTS of THIS ISSUE.

. I4. I PoEM : Lost OPPortunity, . I4 I SUBJECTION: BY DEAN BOND, . . . . I4. I THE * * UNDERGROUND RAILROAD ''': BY Edward H. MAGILL, LL.D., (Continued), . . . . . . . . . . . . I42 THE SENDING OF THE APOSTLES : BY RoBERT ELLIS THOMPson, . . . 144 FRIENDS' New TESTAMENT LEssons.— No. Io, . . . . . . . . . . . . . I46 Scripture Study at Race Street, . I46. Temperance Lessons, for Adult Classes, . I46 PopULAR EDUCATION IN ENGLAND, . . . 147 EDITORIAL : . - - The Cry of Discord, . . . . . . . . 148 Notes, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I48 BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, DEATHS, . . . I48, 149 M. PENNOCK BARNARD, . . . . . . . . 149 NoTES FROM ISAAC WILSON.—III., . . . 150 New GARDEN MEETING, OHIO, . . I5O AN INDEx To THE BIBLE, e . I51 CoNFERENCEs, Associations, ETC., . . . 151 EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT, . . . . I53 LITERARY Notes, . . . . . . . . . . 154 CoMMUNICATIONs: Inquiries about “Hugh Wynne,” . . . 154

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Intelligencer Association,.

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...th exp ge. . . . 3r North Second Street, WillIM & INGRAM, **śrī, WATCHES. As one of the oldest houses in the watch trade – established three generations ago—and up to date in every feature of the business, we are able to offer the best and most serviceable watches for the least money. Give us a call. GEO. C. CHILD,

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Samuel Dutcher, 4s N. 13th St.

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SAMPLESSENT UPON REQUEST : Mail orders receive prompt and accurate : attention : - O - :

Address orders to “Department C.” ; • .
Strawbridge & Clothier :

- PHILADELPHIA :

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PHILADELPHIA, SECOND MONTH 26, 1898.

Volume LV. Number 9.

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—that along with the Commandments, and an interminable procession of “thou shalts * and “shalt nots,” “it is sure that he had committed to memory much of the fine literature of his people ; ” that after twelve he was ecclesiastically of age, and might share in the Passover supper, and take part in the public services of the synagogue. His father and mother were going to Jerusalem for the great feast, and it was promised him that he should go with them. The four days’ pilgrimage is described along the rough highway, down through the mountain passes to the fruitful plain, blossoming in the April sunshine with orange and olive and grape;—the shouts of the multitude as the massive walls of the Holy City came into view, the songs of ascent as they climbed the sacred hills. The scenes of the great festival are portrayed, the magnificence of the Temple, the sacrifice of the two hundred and fifty thousand lambs, the court of the Temple reeking in blood, the two millions of people over-filling the city. Upon the third day it was permissible for them to withdraw from the festival, and Joseph and Mary set out upon the return pilgrimage, assured that the young Son was in the company of friends. When the darkness came on, he was everywhere sought in vain. “Mary was spent with terror and fatigue, when at the end of the interminable hours by which she had plodded back to the capital, she and Joseph piteously tramped the city over, seeking for the boy. For three days not a trace of him could be found. “. . . The Temple rose, terrace by terrace, haughty and splendid. . . . Some of the rabbis were holding, as was their wont at these festivals, one of their discussions, arguing fine points of the Law. In one of the open porticos of the Temple a crowd had thickened significantly. . . . Joseph and Mary hurried to the court, pushed their way through the crowd. . . . A young, sweet, treble voice was speaking: it was the boy's] . . . The rabbis of Jerusalem were engaged in open discussion with the country lad; the scholars of

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“‘How it it 2 he said, slowly, ‘that ye sought me? Knew ye not that I must be in my Father's house? I must be,” he said, peremptorily, ‘about my Father's things.' . . . - #2,

“Then he passed down the terraces, and out from the Temple courts. His mother's hand held him anxiously. He suffered this, without childish fret or petulance. It was as if he said to himself: ‘I will trouble

her no more. My time is not come. After all, I am but a lad! I will defer to my parents and be subject to them.’”

The Scripture record is that after this return to Nazareth with his father and mother, “Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and grew in favor with God and man.” May it be that here is connection between the subjection of Jesus to his parents, and his increase in wisdom—that out of the root of obedience the fair flower of wisdom blossoms? May it be that it was a part of his great spiritual endowment, not to be carried away by himself, by his own youthful visions; but to see that the great teacher is first the sincere learner? Was it a part of his inspiration to know that the score or two score years of his parents were treasure-houses of experience out of which might come guidance for him; that while he worked beside his father at the carpenter's bench, the exact angles he was required to make,

the perfect fit of one part to another, the honest work.

he did, were the sure foundation upon which to build his spiritual life? These are questions to be pondered by those whose lives are all before them. Perhaps it is one of the signs of divine kinship— the impatience of youth under limitations—the longing to be free from all restraint, and to follow without check the promptings of the gay young spirit. which is called the headstrong tendency of youth, may be a hint of infinite capacity and infinite power. Let us so construe it! But we have to remember that infinite power goes hand in hand with infinite wisdom! And so it comes to pass that every human soul not daring to lay claim to infinite wisdom is forced to accept limitations; is forced to find out how best he can fit himself to the inexorable laws of the universe whereby order is maintained. When we have acknowledged

that we have not infinite wisdom, what so befits us as

to put our souls to school, at the feet of wisdom beyond our own! Is it servitude thus to be subject? Is it not indeed the noblest liberty, the one chance of increasing in stature, to open our souls to the steady lights that shine above us! Alas! if our own small selves bound our vision—if no voice of prophet, or poet or humbler teacher appeals to us above the clamorous demands of our cruder selves. Let us not miss the lesson of the life whose meekness and lowliness opened all the avenues of his soul to the inflowing of divine light. In his youth he was subject to his father and mother, at last he felt himself at one with the Heavenly Father. When we have put our souls to school to that which is higher than ourselves, then all the heavens and the

earth are full of teachers for us, they are written all "

over with messages of the Divine. Believe me, beloved young people, that only as we put ourselves to school to that which is higher than ourselves, can we hope to leave the dead levels of life, and rise from joy

That

to joy. If you have not already made choice of such schooling for your souls, let this hour be hallowed by your seeking!

THE “ UNDERGROUND RAILROAD.” BY EDWARD H. MAGILL, LL.D. (Continued from Last Week.)

So far as I have been able to ascertain, the routes of Northern travel for the slaves were less clearly marked through Bucks than they were through Chester and Lancaster counties. The ten-mile limit for the distance between the stations was also far less frequently observed. The escaping fugitives usually entered the county from the south, by way of Philadelphia, but many came by the northeast Chester county route already referred to, by way of Norristown. In naming families who were especially interested in this humane but unlawful work of aiding slaves through Bucks county, I shall doubtless omit some who were equally interested with those named, and who performed with them an equally important part of the work, and incurred with them an equal risk in carrying out their principles, in direct violation of what they justly regarded as iniquitous laws. Of course I must name those with whose work I have myself been most familiar. In the lower part of the county, among those who were ever ready to receive with sympathy these unhappy fugitives, to care for them, and give or obtain for them employment so long as they dared to stop on their northern flight, and then with the proper credentials to their friends further north, to help them on their way either by taking them in their own conveyances, sometimes covered over or disguised to avoid detection in case of pursuit and search, or by sending them on by trusted friends traveling in that direction, or sometimes, when it seemed safe to do so, paying their fares and sending them by stage (Bucks county being then without railroads); I may mention the names of Robert Purvis, Barclay Ivins, the Pierces, the Swains, the Beanses, the Lintons, the Schofields, the Buckmans, the Janneys, the Twinings, Jonathan Palmer, William Lloyd, William Burgess, Jolly Longshore. After a journey northward of from ten to twenty miles the fugitives were received and kindly cared for until ready to go further north, by the Atkinsons, the Browns, the Tregos, the Blackfans, the Smiths, the Simpsons, the Paxsons, John E. Kenderline, Jonathan P. Magill, Jacob Heston, William H. Johnson, Joseph Fell and Edward Williams. . Having but slight acquaintance with the friends of

the slave in the northern end of the county, I can only

say that the friends of the middle section generally forwarded the fugitives to Richard Moore, of Quakertown, or sometimes, more directly further on by stage or private conveyance to the Vails or to Jacob Singmaster, of Stroudsburg. On reaching these northern points, having put so many miles of weary travel between them and their masters in the South, their feeling of security generally increased, and still more was this the case on reaching Montrose, or Friendsville, in Susquehanna county, where, under the kind care of Israel Post, in Montrose, or Caleb Carmalt, in Friendsville, and other friends to aid them, that had reached ground on which, in those days of difficult travel, the slaveholder but rarely ventured in search of his slaves. A comparatively short journey from these places brought them to the State of New York. The home of our friend Richard Moore, in Quakertown, was the last important station of the Underground Railroad in our county, and the point where the northeastern Chester county line and most of the Bucks county lines converged. From his grandson, Alfred Moore, of Philadelphia, I learn that Richard Moore, while not ready to unite with the early abolitionists in their revolutionary motto: “No Union with Slaveholders,” still felt prompted by sympathy many years ago to aid on their way the escaping fugitives. His home soon became known to the friends further South as a place care and needed assistance in their continued flight. where all fugitives forwarded would receive kindly care and neededassistance in their continued flight. Thence they soon began to come directed to this home in very considerable numbers. Although slaveholders rarely proceeded so far as this in pursuit of their slaves, they occasionally did so, and more than once the master has presented himself at the front door of Richard Moore a few moments after the object of his search, being forewarned of his approach, had escaped by a back door to a place of concealment in the rear. Many of the fugitives, on reaching Quakertown, feeling comparatively safe, were willing to hire out there, and Richard Moore was ever ready to give them work himself, or find them employment among his friends and neighbors. Still there were many slaves whose

fear was so great that they were anxious to be passed

on as soon as possible to a real land of freedom in Canada. These were, of course, sent on at once, and generally with letters to friends in Montrose or Friendsville. Much of the route between Quakertown and these farther stations, up the valley of the Lehigh and the Susquehanna, was through a then unsettled country where the probabilities of discovery and arrest were but slight. But there, as elsewhere, most of their traveling was done at night, they lying safely concealed in some dark ravine or impenetrable morass or brushwood during the day. One of the slaves who reached this safe station at Quakertown about the year 1850, just about the time of the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law, seemed especially brave, being destitute of fear even in that trying time. He was a slave of Abraham Shriner, of Pipe Creek, Maryland, and was known as Bill Budd at home, but on running away from bondage assumed the name of Henry Franklin, it being naturally a very common practice with runaway slaves to take an assumed name. This man did not care to be sent to Canada, and was employed as a carter by Richard Moore for several years. much engaged in carting coal from the Lehigh river, there being then no railroad to Quakertown. There were often slaves to be sent northward, and he would

load his wagon with them in the evening, cover them

well with straw, and take them up during the night, giving them so much of a start on the lonely road to

During this time he was

wards Friendsville, and return with a load of coal the next day. Alfred Moore is quite confident that one of the slaves thus carried north by Henry Franklin was Parker, the principal actor in the tragedy of the “Christiana riots,” in Lancaster county. Franklin afterwards came to Philadelphia, where he was for a . number of years janitor in the Academy of Fine Arts, and lived in Philadelphia until his death. Richard Moore had sent on fugitives for several years, and when the number became quite large he began to keep a regular record, and after that time, until the war made escape from slavery unnecessary, he recorded the names of about six hundred. Many of these, however, did not come through the lower end of Bucks county, but reached his station by way of Norristown and the northeastern Chester county line. Thus far (except the case of Bill Budd, alias “Henry Franklin”), I have spoken rather on the general aspect of the question under consideration. I now proceed to give, with some detail, a few individual cases of the escape of slaves through our county, and their recapture in it, which details I have endeavored to confirm by a careful personal investigation. Although the case of “Big Ben” has been quite fully stated in the public press, as it occurred more than half a century ago, it has been suggested to me that the young people of this generation know little or nothing about it, and that I had better include at least a brief outline of it in these reminiscences. It was about sixty-five years ago that a slave of one William Anderson, of Maryland, named Benjamin Jones (called “Big Ben” from his immense size, measuring, according to his own and others’ testimony, 6 feet Io9% inches in stature), with four other slaves, fearing that they were about to be sold to the Southern market, started on a Northern journey by night toward a land of freedom. After many risks and hardships, being frequently aided by kind friends of the Underground Railway, by the way, they succeeded in reaching Buckingham, in this county, where some of them found employment. “Big Ben” worked for Jonathan Fell, father of Joshua Fell, of. Mechanicsville; Thomas Bye, William Stavely and others for about eleven years. He was one day chopping in the woods near Forestville, when his former master, William Anderson, with four other men, one of them at least a noted slave-catcher of that day, came suddenly upon him. His fellow laborers were frightened and fled, leaving Ben alone to cope with five men. He defended himself desperately with his axe, and said afterwards that at one time he had them all five on the ground at once. But at length he was tripped up and overpowered, but not without seriously wounding several of his captors and receiving injuries himself from which he never wholly recovered. This seems to be one of those cases where a slave was returned to the South without even the form of a trial. He was taken to Baltimore and placed in Hope H. Slater's notorious slave prison to await sale to the far off cotton fields of the Gulf States, the usual fate of returned fugitive slaves. But his wounds made him unsalable, much to his master's chagrin, and he was confined to this slave-pen when a meeting was called at Forestville, of which I take the

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