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PHILADELPHIA, 921 ARCH STREET, SECOND MONTH 26, 1898.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY
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Publisher's Department. (LIMITED.)
Seven average words make a line. No advertise. ** The Index and Title-page of the INTELLIGENCER, ment inserted for less than 20 cents.
for 1897, have been sent to all of those subscribers to the SINGLE SUBSCRIPTION, $2.00 PER ANNUM.
paper whose names we have as desiring them Other To subscribers residing west of the Mississippi River a discount of one-fourth from this rate, making the price A YOUNG WOMAN, FRIEND, WISHES POSI- copies will be cheerfully furnished, of course, to any sub$1.50 per annum.
tion as companion. Willing to travel. Address scribers who wish them, if they will notify us by a postal To those who get up and forward " Clubs No. 18, this Office.
card, or otherwise. give one extra copy, free, for each ten subscribers.
R RENT.-CHOICE OF TWO FURNISHED
FOR Single copies, 5 cents.
cottages, in the heart of the Appalachians, thirty ** A large advertiser writes us, in a letter dated in the miles west of Asheville, N, C. A delightful all the year
present month. SUBSCRIPTIONS MAY BEGIN AT ANY TIME.
“We are very well satisfied with the round climate, especially helpful in pulmonary and nerWHEN IT IS DESIRED TO DISCONTINUE, NOTICE MUST BB vous disorders. J. REÉCE LEWIS, Waynesville, N.C. results from your paper during the past year, and it is WE DO NOT "STOP" PAPERS EXCEPT UPON
our purpose to continue the use of it during the present ANTED.-A YOUNG WOMAN OF PHILA
year.' delphia or Germantown to solicit custom for a
pure home-made article of food. Salary and commisOFFICES : 921 ARCH ST., PHILADELPHIA. sion. Address No. 17, this Office.
SWARTHMORE. REMITTANCES by mail should be in CHECKS, WANTED-BY A YOUNG WOMAN FRIEND
For rent or sale, Queen Anne Cottage, 12 DRAFTS, or Post-office MONEY ORDERS; the last
position in office. Knowledge of stenography preferred. Money sent us by mail will be at the risk of and type writing. Address No. 19 this Office.
rooms, steam heat, and open fire grates. The the person so sending. Draw checks and money
location is very delightful, directly overlooking orders to the order of FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER Asso- PARTIES DESIRING TO VISIT WASHINGTON the athletic grounds of the College, and very CIATION, LIMITED.
can be accommodated with rooms and board in a Friends' family. One block from street cars passing
close to the meeting-house; one acre of ground, railroad stations, Capitol, and public buildings. Terms, and plenty of fruit. Apply to CONTENTS OF THIS ISSUE.
$1.50 a day.
DAVID SCANNELL, 814 Arch Street.
Washington, D. C.
Newest Dress Textures SUBJECTION : BY DEAN BOND,
325 SWEDE STREET, NORRISTOWN, PENNA.
ATTORNEY-AT-LAW. THE “ UNDERGROUND RAILROAD”: By
Each day's arrivals of Spring Practicing in Montgomery and Philadelphia counties. EDWARD H. MAGILL, LL. D., (Con
Textures for Gowns adds to the tinued),
attractiveness and variety, and THE SENDING OF THE APOSTLES : BY
gives earnest of the Dress
623 Walnut Street, Philadelphia. ROBERT ELLIS THOMPSON,
Goods supremacy which will be FRIENDS' NEW TESTAMENT LESSONS.
ours when the stock is complete WILLIAM B. PAXSON.
MAHLON B. PAXSON.
Broadcloths, fine twill back and light in Scripture Study at Race Street, 146
weight. We are showing all the new Temperance Lessons, for Adult Classes, . 146 FREDERICK PAXSON & CO.,
shades and staple colors. Prices range POPULAR EDUCATION IN ENGLAND, . 947
Stock and Bond Brokers,
from 75 cents to $2.75 a yard. All EDITORIAL:
112 Custoin House Place, Philad’a.
Cloths sponged when desired, and a
guarantee against spotting. The Cry of Discord,
Orders and inquiries by mail or wire receive prompt attention.
French Poplins and Epingles.
These Notes, . 148
popular fabrics are here in all their BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, DEATHS, 148, 149 Just Received from England
beauty and attractiveness, aud M. PENNOCK BARNARD,
shown in all the desirable colors, inNOTES FROM ISAAC WILSON.-III., . 150
nisters in commemoration of the Queen's cluding gray and castor, $1.00 and
Jubilee, which are filled with New GARDEN MEETING, OHIO,
$1.25 a yard. 150 INGRAM'S FINE BLENDED TEA. AN INDEX TO THE BIBLE,
PRICE, SEVENTY-FIVE CENTS EACH. All-wool Cheviots, in plain colors and
If four of them are ordered to the same address CONFERENCES, ASSOCTATIONS, ETC.,
medium weight, 50 inches wide, 75 · 151 we will pay the expressage.
cents a yard. EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT, .
153 WILLIAM S. INGRAM,
31 North Second Street,
PHILAD’A, PA. LITERARY NOTES,
All-wool Storm Serge, in navy blue, 154
50 inches wide, 50, 65, and 75 cents COMMUNICATIONS :
a yard. Inquiries about " Hugh Wynne, 154 As one of the oldest houses in the watch
Fancy Covert Suitings, English make, in A Letter from Athens, Greece,
155 trade - established three generations ago-aod three distinct designs of six combinaPOETRY: Elegy; The Warmth of a Word, 155 up to date in every feature of the business, we tions in each. These goods are strictly CURRENT EVENTS,
are able to offer the best and most serviceable 155
showerproof, and do not require spongwatches for the least money. Give us a call. NEWS AND OTHER GLEANINGS, . 156
ing, 48 inches wide, $1.50 a yard.
GEO. C. CHILD,
. 156, ji
SAMPLES SENT UPON REQUEST
Established 1810 at 824 North Second Street, CHARLES BURTON,
Mail orders receive prompt and accurate
attention Practical House and Sign Painter,
The Right Shoe
for N. ,
you is the Residence, 1714 Woodstock secet; } Philadelphia, Pa.
YOU CAN GET.
Address orders to “ Department C." HENRY C. ELLIS, Duraöle Work
We have the Best $3, $4, and $5
Fall and Winter Shoes,
PHILADELPHIA Residence, 404 N. 32d St.
112 N. TENTH ST. Samuel Dutcher, 45 N. 13th St.
Strawbridge & Clothier
CHARLES DEGARMO, President.
Under care of Friends,
Send for Catalogue.
Friends' Central School,
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF LOUISA J. ROBERTS. PHILADELPHIA X
PHILADELPHIA & READING RAILWAY.
George School, VEWTOWN, BUCKS COUNTY, PENNA.
rrrrrara Under the care of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends.
A QUAKER EXPERIMENT IN GOVERNMENT There are a few vacancies for children of Friends, (those with one parent a member are included).
BY ISAAC SHARPLESS,
President of Haverford College
This is a history derived from public records, meeting minutes, Abington Friends' School,
private letters, and other original sources, of the connection of Friends FOR BOARDING AND DAY PUPILS OF Both Sexes. Near Jenkintown, Penna., 10 miles from Philadelphia. with the government of Pennsylvania, from 1682 to 1756.
Under the care of Abington Monthly Meeting. Liberal course of study. Students prepared for college or busi
Sent by mail, postpaid, on the receipt of price, $1.50 ; or your ness. The home-like surroundings make it especially
bookseller will procure it from the publisher, attractive to boarding pupils. Students admitted whenever there are vacancies. Send for circulars to LOUIS B. AMBLER, Principal,
A. J. FERRIS, 29 N. Seventh St., Philadelphia. Or
With Extracts from her Journal, and
ANTHRACITE COAL. NO SMOKE.
NO CINDERS. DOUBLE TRACKED, references, and letters from parents. $1.00, postage paid.
HEAVY STEEL RAILS. STONE ARTHUR H. TOMLINSON, Principal.
For Sale by
S. W. Corner t5th and Race Streets, Philadelphia.
Royal Blue Line to New York. A Boarding and Day School for Boys and Girls, under the care of Friends.
SWIFTEST AND SAFEST TRAINS Thorough instruction to fit for business or to enter college. Board and tuition $150 per
IN THE WORLD.
Among the Rushes.
What is the World.
Scenic Reading Route to
READING, HARRISBURG, GETTYSChappaqua Mountain Institute, Above are uniform with
BURG, CHAMBERSBURG, SHAMOA FRIENDS' BOARDING SCHOOL FOR
KIN, WILLIAMSPORT, AND POINTS The building is modern, and the location is the hill
The Seed and the Prayer.
IN INTERIOR PENNSYLVANIA. country thirty-two miles north of New York City.
What the Sparrow Chirps.
Light After Darkness.
Royal Reading Route to
ATLANTIC CITY. CLEANLINESS
AND COMFORT. SAFETY AND full set 45 cents.
FRIENDS' BOOK ASSOCIATION.
S. W. Cor. 15th and Race Sts., Philad'a.
Writing Papers, without the city and young Friends boarding in the city being particularly desired to do so.
Envelopes of every description
New City Hall Pencils, $1.75 a Gross.
272 and 274 South Second St., Philad'a. The Pennhurst,
23 North 13th St.
316 Walnut St. Michigan Avenue, Atlantic City, N. J. The house has every convenience, including Richards & Shounds, Jobbing attended to
Please mention FRIENDS' INTELsteam heat and an electric elevator running to
LIGENCER, when answering Adverlevel of pavement. Open all the year. Send 1125 Spring St. (first street above Race), Philada., Pa. tisements in it. This is of value to for illustrated booklet.
YOUNG FRIENDS' ASSOCIATION ROOMS,
A CEXTRE FOR INFORMATION ON ALL FRIENDLY
CARPENTERS, BUILDERS, AND CONTRACTORS.
Thompson Shourds, 2212 Wallace Street.
us and to the advertisers. JAMES HOOD.
A GOOD WORD EACH WEEK, ---that along with the Commandments, and an inter
minable procession of " thou shalts" and "shalt nots,' IX.
“it is sure that he had committed to memory much of It is the Lord himself who gives forth the true and
the fine literature of his people ;” that after twelve he certain sound; great is the company of those whom he
was ecclesiastically of age, and might share in the hath chosen and sent forth to publish it, none of whom
Passover supper, and take part in the public services can be despised in their message without despising Him of the synagogue. His father and mother were going that sent them.
ISAAC PENINGTON. to Jerusalem for the great feast, and it was promised
him that he should go with them. The four days' pilFrom a letter on the ministry of the Gospel.
grimage is described along the rough highway, down
through the mountain passes to the fruitful plain, blosLOST OPPORTUNITY.
soming in the April sunshine with orange and olive " THERE is a nest of thrushes in the glen :
and grape;—the shouts of the multitude as the massive When we come back, we'll see the glad young
walls of the Holy City came into view, the songs of asthings,
cent as they climbed the sacred hills. The scenes of He said. We came not by that way again;
the great festival are portrayed, the magnificence of the And time and thrushes fare on eager wings !
Temple, the sacrifice of the two hundred and fifty “ Yon rose,"_she smiled, "but, no : when we
thousand lambs, the court of the Temple reeking in return,
blood, the two millions of people over-filling the city. I'll pluck it then." 'Twas on a summer day. The ashes of the rose in autumn's urn
Upon the third day it was permissible for them to withLie hidden well. We came not back that way.
draw from the festival, and Joseph and Mary set out
upon the return pilgrimage, assured that the young We do not pass the self-same way again, Or, passing by that way, no thing we find
Son was in the company of friends. When the darkAs it before had been ; but dearth or stain
ness came on, he was everywhere sought in vain. Hath come upon it, or the wasteful wind.
“ Mary was spent with terror and fatigue, when at The very earth is envious, and her arms
the end of the interminable hours by which she had Reach for the beauty that detained our eyes :
plodded back to the capital, she and Joseph piteously Yea, it is lost beyond the aid of charms,
tramped the city over, seeking for the boy. For three If, once within our grasp, we leave the prize !
days not a trace of him could be found. Thou traveler to the unknown ocean's brink,
... The Temple rose, terrace by terrace, haughty Through life's fair fields, say not, “ Another day
and splendid. . . . Some of the rabbis were holding, as This joy I'll prove”; for never, as I think, Never shall we come back this self-same way!
was their wont at these festivals, one of their discus- Edith M. Thomas. sions, arguing fine points of the Law. In one of the
open porticos of the Temple a crowd had thickened SUBJECTION.
significantly. Joseph and Mary hurried to the Read before Swarthmore students, Second month 13, 1898,
court, pushed their way through the crowd. ... A by Dean Elizabeth Powell Bond.
young, sweet, treble voice was speaking: it was the ELIZABETH STUART PHELPS Ward has recently writ-boy's! ... The rabbis of Jerusalem were engaged in ten “The Story of Jesus Christ." She has trans- open discussion with the country lad; the scholars of lated into the language of our literature the old, old the Temple were talking theology with a Nazarene story,” filling out with the results of scholarship facts
child. that are merely outline sketches in the New Testament
Mary restrained herself, and shrinking recital, allowing some scope for the imagination, and back in the crowd, awaited the boy's will. He finished touching all with the poet's vivifying touch. There his little discourse, passed through the crowd and are some bits concerning the boyhood and youth of away from it, and sought his parents' side." Jesus so loving and love-inspiring that I am moved to Then the mother broke out in natural motherly bring them to your notice in this hour of uplifted passion of reproach: thought.
*My son! Why hast thou left us so? Why hast Our writer describes the typical small flat-roofed thou dealt with us in this manner? Thy father and I house seen everywhere in Palestine, the home of the boy have sought thee for these three days! We have sorof Nazareth, scrupulously clean, with its one room, and rowed for thee! What hast thou done ?' bright mats or rugs for sleeping upon, neatly rolled “ Mary was not a scolding mother, and her gentle upon the bench about the room. She tells us how at reproaches died away before the boy's quiet and abfive years the little boy was put to the study of the Law stracted mien.
How it it?' he said, slowly, that ye sought me? to joy. If you have not already made choice of such Knew ye not that I must be in my Father's house? I schooling for your souls, let this hour be hallowed by must be,' he said, peremptorily, “about my Father's your seeking! things.' ...
“Then he passed down the terraces, and out from THE “UNDERGROUND RAILROAD." the Temple courts. His mother's hand held him anx
BY EDWARD H. MAGILL, LL.D. iously. He suffered this, without childish fret or petu
(Continued from Last Week.) lance. It was as if he said to himself: 'I will trouble
After all, I am her no more. My time is not come.
So far as I have been able to ascertain, the routes of but a lad! I will defer to my parents and be subject
Northern travel for the slaves were less clearly marked
through Bucks than they were through Chester and to them.'
Lancaster counties. The ten-mile limit for the disThe Scripture record is that after this return to
tance between the stations was also far less frequently Nazareth with his father and mother, " Jesus increased
observed. The escaping fugitives usually entered the in wisdom and stature, and grew in favor with God
county from the south, by way of Philadelphia, but and man." May it be that here is connection between
many came by the northeast Chester county route althe subjection of Jesus to his parents, and his increase
ready referred to, by way of Norristown. In naming in wisdom--that out of the root of obedience the fair
families who were especially interested in this humane flower of wisdom blossoms? May it be that it was a
but unlawful work of aiding slaves through Bucks part of his great spiritual endowment, not to be carried
county, I shall doubtless omit some who were equally away by himself, by his own youthful visions; but to see
interested with those named, and who performed with that the great teacher is first the sincere learner? Was
them an equally important part of the work, and init a part of his inspiration to know that the score or two
curred with them an equal risk in carrying out their score years of his parents were treasure-houses of ex
principles, in direct violation of what they justly reperience out of which might come guidance for him; garded as iniquitous laws. Of course I must name that while he worked beside his father at the carpen
those with whose work I have myself been most ter's bench, the exact angles he was required to make, familiar. the perfect fit of one part to another, the honest work
In the lower part of the county, among those who he did, were the sure foundation upon which to build
were ever ready to receive with sympathy these unhis spiritual life? These are questions to be pondered happy fugitives, to care for them, and give or obtain by those whose lives are all before them.
for them employment so long as they dared to stop on Perhaps it is one of the signs of divine kinship, their northern flight, and then with the proper credenthe impatience of youth under limitations—the long
tials to their friends further north, to help them on ing to be free from all restraint, and to follow without their way either by taking them in their own conveycheck the promptings of the gay young spirit. That
ances, sometimes covered over or disguised to avoid which is called the headstrong tendency of youth, may detection in case of pursuit and search, or by sending be a hint of infinite capacity and infinite power. Let
them on by trusted friends traveling in that direction, us so construe it! But we have to remember that in
or sometimes, when it seemed safe to do so, paying finite power goes hand in hand with infinite wisdom!
their fares and sending them by stage (Bucks county And so it comes to pass that every human soul not dar- being then without railroads); I may mention the ing to lay claim to infinite wisdom is forced to accept
names of Robert Purvis, Barclay Ivins, the Pierces, limitations; is forced to find out how best he can fit
the Swains, the Beanses, the Lintons, the Schofields, himself to the inexorable laws of the universe whereby the Buckmans, the Janneys, the Twinings, Jonathan order is maintained. When we have acknowledged Palmer, William Lloyd, William Burgess, Jolly Longthat we have not infinite wisdom, what so befits us as shore. to put our souls to school, at the feet of wisdom beyond After a journey northward of from ten to twenty our own! Is it servitude thus to be subject? Is it not miles the fugitives were received and kindly cared for indeed the noblest liberty, the one chance of increasing until ready to go further north, by the Atkinsons, the in stature, to open our souls to the steady lights that Browns, the Tregos, the Blackfans, the Smiths, the shine above us! Alas! if our own small selves bound Simpsons, the Paxsons, John E. Kenderline, Jonaour vision—if no voice of prophet, or poet or humbler than P. Magill, Jacob Heston, William H. Johnson, teacher appeals to us above the clamorous demands of Joseph Fell and Edward Williams. our cruder selves. Let us not miss the lesson of the
Having but slight acquaintance with the friends of life whose meekness and lowliness opened all the the slave in the northern end of the county, I can only avenues of his soul to the inflowing of divine light. In say that the friends of the middle section generally his youth he was subject to his father and mother, at forwarded the fugitives to Richard Moore, of Quakerlast he felt himself at one with the Heavenly Father. town, or sometimes, more directly further on by stage When we have put our souls to school to that which is or private conveyance to the Vails or to Jacob Singhigher than ourselves, then all the heavens and the master, of Stroudsburg. On reaching these northern earth are full of teachers for us,-they are written all 1 points, having put so many miles of weary travel beover with messages of the Divine. Believe me, be- tween them and their masters in the South, their feelloved young people, that only as we put ourselves to ing of security generally increased, and still more was school to that which is higher than ourselves, can we this the case on reaching Montrose, or Friendsville, in hope to leave the dead levels of life, and rise from joy | Susquehanna county, where, under the kind care of
Israel Post, in Montrose, or Caleb Carmalt, in Friends- wards Friendsville, and return with a load of coal the ville, and other friends to aid them, that had reached next day. Alfred Moore is quite confident that one of ground on which, in those days of difficult travel, the the slaves thus carried north by Henry Franklin was slaveholder but rarely ventured in search of his slaves. Parker, the principal actor in the tragedy of the A comparatively short journey from these places "Christiana riots,” in Lancaster county. Franklin afbrought them to the State of New York.
terwards came to Philadelphia, where he was for a. The home of our friend Richard Moore, in Quaker- number of years janitor in the Academy of Fine Arts, town, was the last important station of the Underground and lived in Philadelphia until his death. Railroad in our county, and the point where the north- Richard Moore had sent on fugitives for several eastern Chester county line and most of the Bucks years, and when the number became quite large he becounty lines converged. · From his grandson, Alfred gan to keep a regular record, and after that time, until Moore, of Philadelphia, I learn that Richard Moore, the war made escape from slavery unnecessary, he rewhile not ready to unite with the early abolitionists in corded the names of about six hundred. Many of their revolutionary motto: “No Union with Slavehold- these, however, did not come through the lower end of ers," still felt prompted by sympathy many years ago to Bucks county, but reached his station by way of Noraid on their way the escaping fugitives. His home soon ristown and the northeastern Chester county line. became known to the friends further South as a place Thus far (except the case of Bill Budd, alias care and needed assistance in their continued flight. “Henry Franklin”), I have spoken rather on the genwhere all fugitives forwarded would receive kindly eral aspect of the question under consideration. I now care and neededassistance in their continued flight. proceed to give, with some detail, a few individual Thence they soon began to come directed to this home cases of the escape of slaves through our county, and in very considerable numbers. Although slavehold- their recapture in it, which details I have endeavored to ers rarely proceeded so far as this in pursuit of their confirm by a careful personal investigation. slaves, they occasionally did so, and more than once Although the case of “Big Ben” has been quite the master has presented himself at the front door of fully stated in the public press, as it occurred more Richard Moore a few moments after the object of his than half a century ago, it has been suggested to me search, being forewarned of his approach, had escaped that the young people of this generation know little or by a back door to a place of concealment in the rear.
nothing about it, and that I had better include at least Many of the fugitives, on reaching Quakertown, feel- a brief outline of it in these reminiscences. ing comparatively safe, were willing to hire out there, It was about sixty-five years ago that a slave of one and Richard Moore was ever ready to give them work William Anderson, of Maryland, named Benjamin himself, or find them employment among his friends Jones (called "Big Ben" from his immense size, measand neighbors. Still there were many slaves whose uring, according to his own and others' testimony, 6 fear was so great that they were anxious to be passed feet 107/2 inches in stature), with four other slaves, on as soon as possible to a real land of freedom in Can- fearing that they were about to be sold to the Southern ada. These were, of course, sent on at once, and gen-market, started on a Northern journey by night toerally with letters to friends in Montrose or Friends- ward a land of freedom. After many risks and hardville. Much of the route between Quakertown and ships, being frequently aided by kind friends of the these farther stations, up the valley of the Lehigh and Underground Railway, by the way, they succeeded in the Susquehanna, was through a then unsettled coun- reaching Buckingham, in this county, where some of try where the probabilities of discovery and arrest them found employment. “Big Ben” worked for Jonwere but slight. But there, as elsewhere, most of their athan Fell, father of Joshua Fell, of.Mechanicsville; traveling was done at night, they lying safely con- Thomas Bye, William Stavely and others for about cealed in some dark ravine or impenetrable morass or eleven years. He was one day chopping in the woods . brushwood during the day.
near Forestville, when his former master, William AnOne of the slaves who reached this safe station at derson, with four other men, one of them at least a Quakertown about the year 1850, just about the time noted slave-catcher of that day, came suddenly upon of the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law, seemed es- him. His fellow laborers were frightened and fled, pecially brave, being destitute of fear even in that try-leaving Ben alone to cope with five men. He defended ing time. He was a slave of Abraham Shriner, of Pipe himself desperately with his axe, and said afterwards Creek, Maryland, and was known as Bill Budd at that at one time he had them all five on the ground at home, but on running away from bondage assumed once. But at length he was tripped up and overpowthe name of Henry Franklin, it being naturally a very ered, but not without seriously wounding several of his common practice with runaway slaves to take an as- captors and receiving injuries himself from which he sumed name. This man did not care to be sent to never wholly recovered. This seems to be one of those Canada, and was employed as a carter by Richard cases where a slave was returned to the South without Moore for several years. During this time he was even the form of a trial. He was taken to Baltimore much engaged in carting coal from the Lehigh river, and placed in Hope H. Slater's notorious slave prison there being then no railroad to Quakertown. There to await sale to the far off cotton fields of the Gulf were often slaves to be sent northward, and he would States, the usual fate of returned fugitive slaves. But load his wagon with them in the evening, cover them his wounds made him unsalable, much to his master's well with straw, and take them up during the night, chagrin, and he was confined to this slave-pen when a giving them so much of a start on the lonely road to- meeting was called at Forestville, of which I take the