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RULES FOR LONG LIFE.
THE NUMBER OF BIRDS' EGGS. SIR JAMES Sawyer has been confiding the secret of
Ernest Ingersoll, in Harper's Magazine, longevity to a Birmingham audience. Like so many
NONE of the sea-birds is in the habit of laying more other secrets, it consists in “paying attention to a than one egg, as all breed on such remote and inaccesnumber of small details.” Here is a schedule of them,
Here is a schedule of them, sible rocks, often in holes, that harm can rarely happen collected from the reports of Sir James Sawyer's lec- to their young, and therefore a very high percentage ture:
comes to maturity. Many of these breed in com1. Eight hours' sleep.
panies, and are so unacquainted with danger that they 2. Sleep on your right side.
make no attempt to hide their eggs or to leave the nest 3. Keep your bedroom window open all night. when the place is visited by some wandering naturalist 4. Have a mat to your bedroom door.
or egging party. 5. Do not have your bedstead against the wall.
The habit of the king penguin deserves a note for 6. No cold tub in the morning, but a bath at the itself. This big antarctic bird guards its one white temperature of the body.
egg from harm by carrying it, somewhat as a mar7. Exercise before breakfast.
supial does its young, in a pouch formed by a fold of 8. Eat little meat, and see that it is well cooked. the skin of the belly between the thighs. Both sexes 9. (For adults.) Drink no milk.
are provided with this contrivance during the breeding 10. Eat plenty of fat, to feed the cells which de- season, and relieve each other of the burden at interstroy disease germs.
vals. 11. Avoid intoxicants, which destroy those cells. The gull tribe, however, are far more exposed to 12. Daily exercise in the open air.
accident and enemies, both in adult life and as to their 13. Allow no pet animals in your living rooms. eggs and young, than are the penguins, petrels, etc., They are apt to carry about disease germs.
mentioned above ; and here the rule is from two 14. Live in the country if you can.
(skuas) to four (gulls and terns) eggs in a nest. When 15. Watch the three D's—drinking water, damp we come to the shore and marsh birds--the plovers, and drains.
snipes, sandpipers, jacanas, all of which nestle on the 16. Have changes of occupation.
ground, usually near the shore of the sea or lakes-we 17. Take frequent and short holidays.
judge them to be exposed to about the average of dan18. Limit your ambition; and,
gers, since their nest complement is from four to six; 19. Keep your temper.
but their large tropical relatives, the sand-bitterns, Keep all these commandments, and Sir James seriemas, and trumpeter-birds, which reside in trees or Sawyer sees no reason why you should not live to be bushes, and can well defend themselves, need lay only one hundred.
one or at most two eggs a season to maintain their full
BACON'S ADVICE ON READING.
A SHAMROCK IN THE STEERAGE.
H. PHELPS WHITMARSH writes of “The Steerage of
To-Day” in the “Century Magazine.” He crossed and take for granted, nor to find talk and discourse, but to weigh and consider. Some books are to be
the ocean in the steerage himself, and draws this pic
ture of one of his companions in the voyage that he tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be
made : chewed and digested ; that is, some books are to be
Kneeling in an upper bunk near me, a middle-aged read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously,
Irishman was hanging a pot containing a shamrock and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence
plant. I entered into conversation with him, and and attention. Some books, also, may be read by learned that he was going to join his son in California. deputy, and extracts made of them by others; but that
to whom he was taking the shamrock as a present. would be only in the less important arguments and “I hope it will live,” he said, looking wistfully at the meaner sort of books; else distilled books are, like
the pot as it swung from the beam. “ 'Twas the wan common distilled waters, flashy things. Reading thing the bhoy wanted. 'L'ave iv'ryting,' says he in maketh a full man, conference a ready man, and writ
his letther, 'an' come over. I have enough for the ing an exact man; and therefore, if a man write little
both of us now,' says he ; 'an' I can make you comhe had need have a great memory; if he confer little, fortable for the rest av your days. But,' says he, 'fetch he had need have a present wit, if he read little, he had me a livin' root av shamrock if ye can.'' need have much cunning, to seem to know that he All Sunday we were in smooth water, running undoth not.
der the lee of the Irish Coast. The day being fine and
warm, the steerage swarmed on deck in full force. EVERY one must know that his best life is his silent Men, women, and children all crowded about the after life ; his truest growth, his silent growth. What I am,
hatch, some playing cards, some dancing, and some alwhat is my life, myself, is inside, and inside is all the ready making love ; but for the most part they lay work done that fashions me. The soul is not made as about the deck, sleeping and basking in the sun. In the statue is, with click of hammer and chip of chisel
the afternoon my friend the Irishman appeared with from without; but the soul is made of its own ingrowth, his shamrock. He wanted to give it a "taste ” of fresh as a peach is.-J. F. W. Ware.
air, he said. At sight of it many of the Irish girls shed tears ; then, seating themselves about the old man,
CURRENT EVENTS. they sang plaintive Irish melodies until the sun went The outcome of the Spanish Minister De Lome letter incidown. The sad faces of the homesick girls, and the dent, mentioned last week, was that upon being called on he old father sitting among them holding in his lap the
did not deny having written the letter, and immediately
offered his resignation to the Spanish Government, which was, precious little bit of green, presented a sight not easily
with little delay, accepted. De Lome thereupon ceased to act to be forgotten.
as Minister, and the Secretary of the Spanish legation took
his place for the present. There was some disposition to THE DUKE'S SNUFF-BOX.
insist that an expression of regret or disapproval should be
made by the Spanish Government, in view of De Lome's AT an auction sale of snuff-boxes which enlivened
offensive reference to President McKinley, but the latter did London some time ago, one of the most valuable mys- not desire this. teriously disappeared, and has not yet been recovered.
The trial of the sheriff of Luzerne county, Pa., and sixtyThe loss has brought up a host of similar occurrences;
six deputies, who fired upon the striking coal miners as they and one newspaper correspondent recalls a story cur- were marching along the road, killing and wounding many, rent two generations ago, the Duke of Sussex being has been in progress at Wilkesbarre for more than two weeks. the hero. He had presided at a dinner of virtuosi;
The Commonwealth, prosecuting, has presented the testimony and a distinguished diplomatist among the company
of many witnesses, including a large number of the miners,
some of them exhibiting their wounds to the jury. The tesproduced a snuff-box set in precious stones, the gift timony has been that most of those shot were shot in the of a crowned head to one of his ancestors. The pre
back, or the side, as they were running away. The trial is cious souvenir was handed round for every one to ex
likely to last a week or more longer. amine, while the conversation went merrily on. Pres
In a fire at Pittsburg, Pa., on the night of the gth inst., ently the owner said to his next neighbor, “Kindly property valued at a million and a half dollars was destroyed, pass me the snuff-box.” The inquiry went around and the loss of many lives was caused. A dispatch on the the table, but nobody knew what had become of the Ioth says at least fourteen persons were killed, and more than
twenty others injured. The fire began in the Union Storage article. A thorough search of the room and the ser
Company's building, on Pike street, near 13th. The loss of vants failed to reveal any trace of it, and the party life was caused by explosions which threw down the walls of broke up in a gloom. Some months after the duke the burning buildings without warning. It is represented as had occasion to don once more the particular uniform
the worst fire in the experience of the city.--In New York, on
the night of the IIth inst., a large office building belonging worn on this occasion, and, putting his hand into one
to ex-Governor Levi P. Morton, on Nassau and Ann streets, of the pockets, felt a bulky substance, and drew out known as the Nassau Chambers Building, was entirely burned. the missing box. “You rascal," he said to his body Loss said to be $500,000. servant, "you must have noticed it when you put away
THE Voice, New York, continues its criticism of the uni“Yes, your Royal Highness," was the re
versities whose authorities show no interest in keeping saloons ply. “I noticed, and, indeed, I saw your Royal High- and intoxicants at a distance. Besides Princeton, it especially ness put the box in your pocket.” “And you never gives attention to Yale, near which it says (and shows by a mentioned it?" Certainly not. I hope I know my
map), there are 66 open saloons.
A New York dispatch, 11th, says Frances E. Willard is in duty to your Royal Highness better than that.”—Ex
the city, and speaks very frankly as to Yale, as an unsuitable change.
place for young men, while the sale of liquor is so permitted.
The same dispatch says that Ex-Judge Howland, President of SNUFF A FASHION!_The amount of snuff consumed the New England Society, and a prominent alumnus of Yale, in London is said to be rapidly on the increase, and old
describes the attack as a hysterical effort to advertise a newsfashioned snuff-boxes have risen in value.. A snuff
· The university authorities paper (meaning the Voice).
know how to manage their own affairs," he added, “and mill at Sheffield, which has been engaged in the manu- they will resent to the full any attempt to advise and instruct facture of snuff for the last seventy years, is working
them." fifteen hours a day to fill its orders. West End jewelers
A DISPATCH from Havana late on the evening of the 15th are busy making pretty designs for snuff-boxes, which
reports that the United States battleship Maine, which has been they are fashioning almost entirely after those of the lying in the harbor there for a fortnight, was blown up about latter part of the last century.--Exchange.
ten o'clock, and it is believed, totally destroyed. Many sailors
and others were picked up by boats, but could give no acIt is something to bear a name which is a synonym
count of the cause of the explosion, as they were asleep at the
time. The force of the explosion shook the city, and broke for integrity and honesty. The world has concluded
glass, the dispatch says, “in all the houses." that a Quaker is an honest man, and that his word is as good as a bond. It is a reputation which should There is no news of decided importance as to the situation
in China. gratify everyone who bears the name, but the very
It was said that the Chinese government had asked fact that this reputation exists puts a great responsi
Japan for an extension of the time in which to pay the balance
of the war indemnity. This, Japan appears to have refused. bility upon every one of us. Unless we stand like the
It is also said that Japan means to retain permanently the seaplumb-line wall of Amos' vision our reputation will be port, Wei-hai-hai, which she has held pending the payment of only a ghost of the past.-- American Friend.
the indemnity. Russians in Pekin assert that England is entirely powerless to prevent Russia from carrying out her plans
in China, that is, she is in fact, a negligeable quantity." The The world is not a play-ground; it is a school
relations between China and Germany are said to be seriously .
strained over the latter's fresh demands. Life is not a holiday, but an education. And the one eternal lesson for us all is how better we can
GENERAL BARRIOS, the President, or “ Dictator" of the love. Drummond.
so-called republic of Guatamala, in Central America, was
assassinated on the 11th instant. A dispatch from San Francisco says it is known that a "syndicate" of the enemies of Barrios, who form a revolutionary" party, had offered $100,000 to any one who would kill him,—the expression being for his head.” Some of those who furnished the money were politicians who desired to regain power, and some merchants, who complained of heavy taxation under Barrios.
The trial of Zola, the French writer, has continued since our paragraph last week, and is expected to last at least until the close of this week. The demonstrations of the crowds outside the court-room towards Zola were for several days so violent that his life was feared to be in danger, but more recently, at this writing, the tide seems to have turned somewhat in his favor. One suggestion is made that the violence of the crowds was instigated by the police and others, acting on behalf of the Government.
It had been assumed that Zola was certain to be convicted and perhaps severely punished, but this now seems less sure.
on mercury, and revolved once in ten seconds by clockwork. Each emergent beam from the lens is expected to be about nine million candle power.
-Japan has just begun a State tobacco monopoly. In place of the stamp duty, the government will issue licenses to cultivators to grow the leaf, which must be sold to the State at a fixed price. The State will then re-sell it to the trade at as large an advance as possible, which is estimated at 80 per cent.
-D. W. Bushyhead, one of the most prominent Cherokees, is dead at Tahlequah, I. T., at the age of seventy-five. He had filled every office in the Cherokee nation.
He was a member of the recent Dawes commission on the part of the Cherokees.
-A special Indian inspector has been sent from Washington to make an investigation into the alleged misappropriation of funds from leases for dwelling purposes of lands belonging to the Seneca Indians on the reservation in western New York.
-General Miles, with the endorsement of the Secretary of War, has made a report to Congress disapproving the bill to transfer Governor's Island to New York city as a public park. General Miles says the island is of great national importance, and should under no consideration be abandoned as a military station.
It is reported from Cleveland that all the breweries of that city have been bought by a syndicate of Eastern capitalists.
NEWS AND OTHER GLEANINGS.. The United States Light-House authorities are arranging to place a gigantic electric beacon, known as the Lepaute "Bivalve," in one of the twin lighthouses on the Highlands, on the coast of New Jersey, outside of New York Bay. It is calculated that the light will be visibly reflected on the clouds one hundred miles out at sea. The whole apparatus is floated
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