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Historical Collections Relating to Gwynedd.
With 8. Illustrations, including 3 original Etchings, by
Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography.
The Literary Era, Philadelphia.
(Genealogical Department, Edited by Thomas Allen Glenn.) “We believe that local histories seldom atttain the honor of a second edition, except when especially valuable as a strong sidelight upon the times they represent, or when they contain original genealogical material not obtaina ble elsewhere. Jenkins's book is rich in both elements, and shows evidence of laborious and scholarly research. The hool, trents of
Harriet WV Elohet interesting and picturesque evem, the settlement of the We.
Scenic Reading Route to
READING, HARRISBURG, GETTYS-
KIN, WILLIAMSPORT, AND POINTS
IN INTERIOR PENNSYLVANIA.
“Penn" in The Evening Bulletin, Philadelphia. “On this work, when first published ten years ago, he had expended much research, and the result is a volume filled with all that is most interesting and worth knowing in the annals of the substantial Welsh race and their descendants who peopled this part of Montgomery county.”
W. W. H. Davis, Historian, in Doylestown Democrat. "We do not hesitate to say that Historical Collections Relating to Gwynedd ' is the most interesting township history we have met with."
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The regular meeting of the Young Friends' kins, in New London Township, Chester County, Pa., COURSE OF FREE LECTURES, 113 Association will be held in the Lecture Room,
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(WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 16th.) Notes,
I. An Illustration of the Work of the Litera-
A FARM containing 27 acres, more or less, bounded NOTES FROM ISAAC WILSON.-I., 114
by lands of Joel Conard and others. A very desirable By ALMIRA P. HARLAN.
and productive farm, all under cultivation. About one FROM MARTHA SCHOFIELD : THE AIKEN
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By ALICE HALL PAXSON. lent cellar with vault; bath-room with modern conveniLITERARY NOTES, 117
ences and hot and cold water; porches, large lawn, with All are invited.
fine shade trees. This house is very prettily situated, COMMUNICATIONS :
ISABEL CHAMBERS, Secretary. hnd should be seen to be appreciated. Barn with ample Bible Selections, 117
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SWARTHMORE. pond, constant flow of spring water at barn. Any one METEOROLOGICAL SUMMARY POR First
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For rent or sale, Queen Anne Cottage, 12 examine this property before purchasing elsewhere, and MONTH,
The will be shown over the same by Mary E. Hopkins, residTHE COLORING OF BIRDS' EGGS, 118 location is very delightful, directly overlooking ing thereon, or, T. C. Moore, West Grove, Pa.
Šale to commence at one o'clock, sharp, when condiCURRENT EVENTS,
the athletic grounds of the College, and very tions will be made known by 119
close to the meeting-house; one acre of ground, NEWS AND OTHER GLEANINGS,
TRUEMAN C. MOORE, I 20 and plenty of fruit. Apply to
Executor of Abel J. Hopkins, dec'd. NOTICES,
George B. Johnson, Attorney.
PUBLIC SALE OF VALUABLE REAL ESTATE.
. I 20
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF LOUISA J. ROBERTS. WILLIAM B. Paxson.
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With Extracts from her Journal, and
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Under the care of Abington Monthly Meeting. Liberal JUST PUBLISHED.
Among the Rushes.
What is the World.
Jenkiniown, Pa. CYNTHIA G. BOSLER, Sec'y, Ogontz, Pa.
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a different city very speedily.' For Circulars, address CHAPPAQUA MOUNTAIN INSTITUTE, City and State represents no party, faction, or
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rents of thought about art ; the idea of the one des- applicable to both, if warranted by the character of the images cribed in the phrase, “ Art for art's sake"-of the
or thoughts which each in their respective languages conveyed. other in, "Art the expression of life.” To the young
Take, for instance, one of the most perfect poems or pic
tures (I use the words as synonymous) which modern times men of the former school, (and I instinctively call themi have seen : ‘The Old Shepherd's Chief Mourner.' Here the young men, for that is what the present exponents of exquisite execution of the glossy and crisp hair of the dog, the the school suffer from being), subject is nothing, spirit,
bright sharp touching of the green bough beside it, the clear
painting of the wood of the coffin, and the folds of the blanket, aim and meaning are an intrusion, nothing matters but
are language, language clear and expressive in the highest beauty, mere color and line beauty—a wilting cabbage degree. But the close pressure of the dog's breast against the may afford as good a subject as Elizabeth Fry—it all wood, the convulsive clinging of the paws, which have dragged depends on tone, tint, composition, atmosphere, light,
the blanket off the trestle, the total powerlessness of the head,
laid close and motionless, upon its folds, the fixed and tearful and so forth. Art therefore has no connection with
fall of the eye in its utter hopelessness, the rigidity of repose character, either with that of the artist who paints or which marks that there has been no motion nor change in the the nation who buys.
trance of agony since the last blow was struck on the coffin This theory, the very opposite of the theory of the
lid, the quietness and gloom of the chamber; the spectacles
marking the place where the Bible was last closed, indicating Greeks, is also the very opposite of Ruskin's. The
how lonely has been the life, how unwatched has been the degreat artist nation of history, like our teacher of to- parture of him who is now laid solitary in his sleep-these are day, valued art as the harmonious and beautiful ex- all thoughts—thoughts by which the picture is separated at pression of mind and feeling, and as a reliable index of
once from hundreds of equal merit so far as mere painting national temper.
goes, by which it ranks as a work of high art, and stamps its
author, not as the neat imitator of the texture of a skin, or the This very matter is the central trunk of Mr. Rus
fold of a drapery, but as the man of mind. Most pictures of kin's teaching, the truth from which his later work has the Dutch School, for instance, excepting always those of branched out. In "Modern Painters," and ever since
Rubens, Vandyke, and Rembrandt, are ostentatious exhibi
tions of the artist's power of speech, the clear and vigorous he has told us how Art must be noble if it be good
elocution of useless and senseless words, while the early efforts Art ; he has made peace (if you will indulge me in of Cinabue and Giotto are the burning messages of prophecy, an irrepressible tendency to metaphor) by bidding fair delivered by the stammering lips of infants.
which has the nobler and more numerous ideas, however awkArt to take strong Virtue to be her lord, receiving all
wardly expressed, is a greater and a better picture than that her sustenance from, and showing to him only all her which has the less noble and less numerous ideas, however perfectness, or (to come down into the language of beautlfully expressed.” prose and talk simply) the best men are needed to I need not say that this standard for art criticism is paint the best pictures, and a good man properly to not the one in favor now, even when not expressed in appreciate one. John Milton has a parallel doctrine the above absolute, uncompromising way. Mr. Whistabout his art. He who would not be frustrate of his ler's young lions in the “Speaker" and in the “Spechope to write well hereafter in laudable things, ought tator” would never be able to write another word from himself to be a true poem, that is, a composition of the sheer gorge-filling contempt, were they present to hear best and laudablest things.” This statement about the above extract. For a quiet humble citizen like myRuskin's teaching will be evident if we examine his self, it is better to keep one's own counsel, and go on definition of greatness in art. It is in the forefront of admiring the pictures one likes. Perhaps the habit of his teaching, on pp. 7, 8, and 9 of the first volume of enploying as art critics painters with time on their " Modern Painters," and is well worth quotation for hands——" painters who have failed " is the unkind way its own sake :
of putting it-may have caused the present fashion of
glorifying exclusively the technical qualities of a canPainting, or art generally, as such, with all its technical
vas and despising "subject." ities, difficulties, and particular ends is nothing but a noble and expressive language, invaluable as the vehicle of thought,
But it being now clear that I am an old fogey, on but by itself, nothing. He who has learnt what is commonly art criticism, we will pass on to note the important considered the whole art of painting, that is the art of repre- connection between Mr. Ruskin's ideas about pictures senting any natural object faithfully, has as yet only learned
and his later work in the region of economics and the language by which his thoughts are to be expressed. He
ethics and education. For his view of art, as being has done just as much towards being that which we ought to respect as a great painter, as a man who has learnt how to ex- chiefly the expression of ideas, led him into dealing press himself grammatically and melodiously has towards being with those ideas, and so his subject expanded from art a great poet. The language is indeed more difficult of ac
till it embraced the whole of the life, duty, and characquirement in the one case: than in the other, and possesses
ter of the nian, and from the man concerned itself with more power of delighting the sense, while it speaks to the intellect, but it is, nevertheless, nothing more than language, and
the state which moulds him. (We say his theory led ail those excellences which are peculiar to the painter as such, him on this path, but it is more likely that his genius are merely what rhythm, melody, precision, and force are in
produced this theory, and he followed both.) the words of the orator and the poet-necessary to their greatness, but not the tests of their greatness. It is not by the
Ruskin has never swerved from the theory thús mode of representing and saying, but by whát is represented
laid down. In the fifth volume of "Modern Painters," and said, that the respective greatness either of the painter or he says, “In these books of mine, their distinctive the writer is to be finally determined.
character as essays on art, is their bringing everything Speaking with strict propriety, therefore, we should call a
to a root in human passion or in human hope." And man a great painter only as he excelled in precision and force in the language of lines, and a great versifier, as he excelled in he repeats in the Epilogue to "Modern Painters” precision or force in the language of words. A great poet written for the 1888 edition, the dictum of his Oxford would then be a term strictly and in precisely the same sense Lectures, that, “all great art is praise."