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to say masses. The most part of the penances which the priests impose, consists in reciting in Latin, paters and ave Marias. They believe that there are men changed into howling wolves and long-tailed beasts; that on All Saints' day the dead leave par. gatory and walk on the earth, and that blood would spring up if a Roman Catholic should dig in it.
As Lent is for them a time of penance, they dare not play then for money, bat some of them play for prayers, that is, that he who loses shall recite a certain number of prayers, which God will place to the credit of the winner. Many of them wear medals and other things to preserve them from evil.” .
One labourer says :
"Several persons forbade me to read the Bible to them, believing that as soon as it was opened, serpents would dart out of it!"
Another writes :
“As I was leaving a house where I had been conversing with a number of persons, they all followed me to the door to look up to a cross which the Bishop of Nancy had erected on a mountain in sight, saying to me, that he had told them, that each time they cast their eyes towards it, and repeated a certain number of prayers, they would gain an indulgence of three hundred days.” The writer adds :-“ I took occasion to make them understand, that the wood and tin had no virtue in themselves, and that the more we looked to external things to gain heaven, the farther we should be from it, and urged them to look to Jesus if they wished to obtain peace to their souls.
" Romanism, it would seem,” says the last Report of that useful Society, “is not in such a state of decrepitude as we have been led to suppose. In this province its efforts since the organization of this Society have been unusually strenuous. No means have been left untried that spiritual authority or the increased wealth which the legislature, by a recent act, has enabled it to acquire, have been spared to oppose ou efforts and maintain its influence over the members of its fold. A religious publication, the organ of the Romish Church, is issued weekly in this city, which assiduously labours to caricature and vilify Protestantism, and to inculcate the dogmas and maintain the views of the Church of Rome. Tracts, and publications of the like description, are also in course of publication in large quantities and at a cheap rate. During the past autumn, the Bishop of Montreal undertook a journey to Europe, to obtain labourers to counteract the efforts of Protestants, and six friars or Jesuits, of high standing, have already arrived from France, and formed an establishment at a short distance from Montreal. Besides these friars, and some already in the country, other agents are expected, so that the most active influences are in operation to retain in this country the sway of that sceptre which in other parts is departing from the papal grasp. In Montreal a large and handsome seminary has been recently erected, on the front of which are conspicuously carved the arms and name of the Pope, along with those of the British Sovereign. This educational establishment, attended by some hundreds of children, is taught by several friars, called “frères Chrétiens,' no doubt of that order which in former times was the most faithful and powerful upholder of the faith of Rome.
“ But the principal means which Romanism employed this year in Canada was the Bishop of Nancy, a Bourbon refugee. Viewed as a demi-god by the ignorant, who flocked in great numbers to listen to his discourses, and attended by an escort of the Romish clergy, he rapidly went over the province, imploring the people to retain their religion, denouncing the missionaries, and enjoining the burning of the Bibles and publications distributed by them. In many places huge crosses were set up, to serve at once as trophies of his spiritual triumphs, and as means of retaining the influence of Romanism. One, eighty feet in height, was erected on a high mountain in this district, with all those circumstances of pomp and superstition with which the ceremony of elevating the cross among Romanists is attended.
" This increased activity on the part of the Church of Rome, demands a corres. ponding augmentation of zeal on the part of the friends of the truth. Compassion for the souls of men should prompt us to increased exertion. Your Committee would not place this Society in the attitude of contention with the Church of Rome, but they presume to say, that if influences are multiplied to do injury, the only course of duty for the benevolent mind is to multiply influences to do good. Hitherto Protestants have been most painfully indifferent to the existence of Romanism in this colony, and, like the priest and the levite of old, beholding the evil, have passed by on the other side.' The Mission at Grande Ligne and the efforts of this Society, may be called the first organized attempt ever made to promote the spiritual good of the French population of Canada. These exertions have had the unavoidable and fore. seen effect of enkindling the zeal of the Romish Church. The attempt to diffuse the Gospel necessarily interferes with the prosperity of that church, and, as a natural result, its officers are aroused. Never were they more industrious, more determined than now."
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
W. Stroud, Esq., M.D.
J. Blackburn, Printer, 6, Hatton Garden,
Baptism, Nature and Subjects of, 229,
382, 637, 734, 845.
ence. 469, 535.
— on the Religious Education of
- Neander, Dr., 73,
- Robertson, Rev.
- Thornton, J. Ésq.,
Syrian Bishops, 169.
Observations on, 682.
— Should Students Pay ? 857.
- Further Remarks on, 527.
Reply of W. S. to, 667.
Second do., 835.
- Denomination, Position
Inquisition, Justified from Scripture, 91.
– Missionary Convention at, 289,
- Remarks on the above, 467.
Kettering, Correspondence on the Bap-
tist Jubilee at, 469, 535.
London Churches, Want of Association
Marriage Law, Evasion of the, 25.
— Statute and Canon Laws of, 97.
- Remarks on, 178.
Neander, Dr., 73, 174.
Thornton, J. Esq., 213, 821.
Davies, Rev. C. N., Memoir of, 357.
Sabbath, Modern Desecration of the, 164.
- Moral Obligation of the, 600.
- Reply to, 238.
- Rejoinder to, 304.
to the Bishop of, 169.
Theological Colleges, Suggestions on, 545.
Papal Projects in the Colonies, 577.
The Advent, 248.
Remarks on, 543.
Union, Proposals for a General Protest-
- Remarks on, 543.
- of Scotch Presbyterians, and the
Validity of Congregational Ministry, 1.
Worship of God, On the, 675.
PART II.-REVIEWS AND CRITICAL NOTICES.
The Titles of the Reviews are marked thus.*
Church, 691, 772.
*Bonner, Life and Defence of Bishop, 556.
Bright's Apostolical Independency, 563.
-- Rev. John, Philip's Life of,