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more in an hour from a mappe, than the eare can learn in a day from discourse," s w i m
roer is It gives us, therefore, much pleasure to observe the growing attention which is now paid to the illustration of sacred geography; and the list at the head of this article includes the titles of graphic works of the highest value in this department of biblical knowledge.
We have placed first the beautiful and elaborate Map of Arabia Petræa, because we conscientiously believe its rare merits demand that position.
Maps are too often “made to sell,” and possess far less accuracy of detail than the public are accustomed to assign to them. Mr. Palmer's maps, however, belong to the very different class, which from their richness of detail, variety of information, and accuracy of construction, may be recommended to all lovers of the graphic department of geography, as well as to all students of biblical truth. No map has yet appeared giving such an elaborate and connected view of the Peninsula of Sinai, with the regions most frequently mentioned in the sacred writings. We have here, at one yiew, all the valuable information collected by sus cessive travellers, down to Robinson and Smith, of whose recent explorations the compiler has freely availed himself. .-!iri , isi
The “geological notices,” which we have reason to believe are inserted with great accuracy, are not merely a valuable addition in a scientific point of view, but are also calculated to heighten the interest with which the biblical student traces the wanderings of the Israelites as these “notices” picture to him the character and appearance of the country, whether a sandy desert, a hilly limestone country, or the more elevated and majestic region of granite. The compiler has evidently directed much attention to the difficult question of the line of passage taken by the Israelites across the Red Sea, and which he has fixed from the Point Attaka, a section of the sea from which point he has given according to the survey of Commander R. Moresby and Lieutenant T. G. Carless. Its breadth in this part is "but little more than seven geographical miles, a distance which would be passed over by an ordinary caravan in about three hours. If the waters were so far divided as to allow the Israelites to pass in a column of half a mile in breadth, and their march commenced near midnight, the whole multitude might have gained the eastern shore before the morning appeared." To do justice to the details of this instructive map, would require every page of our review department. We must content ourselves, by assur ing our readers that the air of truth and accuracy which it presents at a first glance will be fully confirmed, when it is made, as it should be the subject of long and careful study. The map mounted on rollera forms an elegant ornament for the library, and will be widely circulated, if the diligent and pains-taking author meet his due reward.
“The Illuminated Atlas,” published by Mr. Charles Knight, is in
imperial octavo, and uniform with Mr. Kitto's “Pictorial Bible," and “Palestine,” to which excellent works it is an appropriate, we might almost say an indispensable companion.
This Atlas consists of twenty illuminated Maps, the peculiarity of which it is desirable to explain. They are printed in distinct colours, so that the boundaries of the respective countries are clearly perceived at the first view. In maps engraved in the usual manner, it will be found that in proportion as the physical features of the country—its hills and valleys, its lakes and rivers, are fully and correctly delineated, so do the names and boundaries become obscure and unintelligible. The mountains are engraved in the illuminated maps, however, not in black, but in white colours, whilst the lakes and seas are indicated by blue, lines which readily distinguish them from the adjacent shores.
In laying down the maps, the localities of towns and cities have often been determined by a reference to the testimonies of Josephus, Eusebius, and Jerome, and the writings of modern biblical critics. Marks are affixed to the names of places, to indicate to the eye of the student the degree of authenticity attached to each, so that he may at once discriminate between the known and the conjectural.
To each map there is a dissertation of considerable utility, comprising as they do statements collected from the latest and most authentic sources. A valuable index is added of the names of all those places mentioned in the Bible of which the positions can be determined with sufficient accuracy to warrant their delineation upon a map, with the latitude and longitude, and the number of the map in which it is found. In a word, this is a convenient geographical apparatus, that would be found convenient and instructive to every student of the topography of the Holy Land.
"The Biblical Atlas” is a work of inferior grade to the last in every respect ; but published as it is by the Religious Tract Society, at a very moderate price, it is well adapted for the use of young persons in Bible classes, Sunday-schools, and religious 'families. It contains seventeen engraved maps, with thirty-two pages of letter-press, which are occupied with explanations to each, that are adapted not only to inform the mind but to improve the heart. 1" . ' as die
'" Palestine” is a clearly-defined chart of the state of the Holy Land in the time of our Lord, and, like the Land of Canaan,” published by the Sunday School Union, will be a very appropriate 'ornament for the walls of a class-room or a nursery, to familiarise the eyes of children with the leading features of that land which, for its past history and present circumstances, exceeds all others in deep and hallowed interest. ' ; ;.,
" The Panoramic View of Jerusalem" as it now appears, is the most interesting ichnographic view of the city we have ever seen. The sketch was taken from the heights of Bethlehem, on the south, and
the spectator looks down upon its streets, walls, and towers, and the eye ranges over the hills and hollows of the adjacent country as in a landscape.
Nearly sixty interesting spots are indicated by numerical references, and the letter-press illustrations from the works of Robinson, Keith, Buckingham, Horn, Rae Wilson, &c., make it a perspicuous and instructive key to the topography of the ancient city.
A knowledge of sacred geography to a correct exposition of the Holy Scriptures is so important, that we propose at an early period to introduce to our readers a series of works recently published to promote that delightful but yet too much neglected study.
THE EDITOR'S TABLE.
Puseyism : or, The Errors of the Times. By the Rev. Robert Ferguson, Minister of Brickfield Chapel, Stratford. 12mo. London: J. Snow.
The“ Church Principles" of Nice, Rome, and Oxford, compared with the Christian Principles of the New Testament on Baptismal Regeneration Lay-baptismthe Ancient Mode of Baptism, &c. A New Tract for the Times. By a Member of the Church of England. Second edition, revised and enlarged. 8vo. Baisler.
The Devotedness of a Christian Church to the cause of Christ, elucidated and enforced. A Discourse delivered at Henley-on-Thames, before the East Berks Association. By the Rev. E. Mannering. Published for the benefit of the Association. 18mo. London: R. Baynes.
The Fly. Religious Tract Society. Gems of Protestant Truth. Selected from the Speeches and Writings of Edward Dalton, Esq., Secretary of the Protestant Association. By a Lady, 18mo. London: Baisler.
The Biblical Cabinet : or, Hermeneutical, Exegetical, and Philological Library. Vol. XXXVII. Philological Tracts, Vol. III., viz., Dr. C. Ullman's Apologetic View of the Sinless Character of Jesus. Dr. L. J. Rüchert on the Resurrection of the Dead. J. P. Lange on the Resurrection of the Body. Moses Stuart on Several Words relating to Future Punishment. 12mo. Edinburgh: T. Clarke.
Thoughts on Salvation. By Thomas Ragg. 12mo. London: Longman, Brown, & Co.
Marriage : a Poem, in four cantos. By Rev. H. Edwards. 12mo. London: Houlston & Stoneman.
Conversations on the History of England. For the Use of Children." By Mrs. Marcet. 12mo. Longman, Brown, & Co.
History of Christian Missions from the Reformation to the Present Time. By James A. Huie. 12mó. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd.
Letter on Baptismal Regeneration, Addressed, through the Rev. Dr. Fletcher, to the Ministers and Members of the Evangelical Pædo-Baptists. By the Rev. C. Stovel. 12mo. London: T. Ward & Co.
The Game of Grammar. By Mrs. Marcet. 12mo. London: Longman & Co.
TRANSACTIONS OF CONGREGATIONAL CHURCHES. PROCEEDINGS OF THE TWELFTH ANNUAL ASSEMBLY OF THE CON
GREGATIONAL UNION OF ENGLAND AND WALES. The exalted Head of the church continues to smile on the efforts of the Congregational Union, to promote oneness of sentiment, feeling, and action amongst the Independent churches of Great Britain; and we believe that the annual meeting, whose proceedings we have now the pleasure to record, was felt by all who were present to have been, in every way, the most gratifying and satisfactory that has yet been held.
On Tuesday morning, May 10th, the Assembly met as usual in the large room at the Congregational Library, Finsbury, when the Rev. John LEIFCHILD, D.D., took the chair, at 9 o'clock. Present
MINISTERS. Rev. Addiscott, H. Maidenhead
Rev. Cresswell, H. Canterbury Adey, J. London
Cumming, J. T. Hammersmith Ainslie, R. London
Curwen, S. Reading
Davids, T. W. Colchester
Davies, D. London
Davies, S. A. Enfield Aston, D. W. Buckingham
Davies, J. Upper Clapton
Davies, E. Walthamstow
Davis, S. London
Davis, R. Wellingboro'
Davis, W. Hastings
Dobson, J. P. London
Drummond, J. London
Dubourg, S. A. Clapham
Dukes, C., M.A. Kingsland
Dunn, E. A. Pimlico
Edwards, J. Kingston-on-Thames
Elliott, R. Devizes
Elliott, J. Bury St. Edmonds
Elrick, J. Falkland, Fifeshire
England, S. Royston
Evans, J. Weedon
Ferguson, R. Stratford
Fletcher, J., D.D. London
Fletcher, J., Hanley
Fletcher, W. Haverford West
Flower, J. Beccles
Ford, W. S. Alresford
Freeman, J. J. Walthamstow
Frost, J. Cotton End
Garthwaite, W. Wattisfield
Gear, W. Bradford, Wilts
Gilbert, C. Islington
Glyde, J. Bradford, Yorkshire
Godkin, J. Newry, Ireland
Godwin, J. H. Highbury College
Green, J. Uppingham
Greenfield, T. Kidderminster
Rev. Hall, N., M.A. London
Halley, R., D.D. Manchester
Lyon, W. P., M.A. London