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A. D. 31.
MATT. V.3, 4.
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rily I say unto you, Except ye be con
VER. 4. verted, and become as little children,
Μακάριοι οι πενθούντες, ότι αυτοί
mapaye shall not enter into the kingdom of | κληθήσονται. heaven. Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the
Blessed are they a thut mourn: for same is greatest in the kingdom of they b shall be comforted. heaven, xvii. 2-4. I have heard of a Hide not thy face from thy servant; thee by the hearing of the ear: but for I am in trouble: hear me speedily, now mine eye seeth thee. Wherefore Ps. lxix. 17. I am poor, and sorrowI abhor myself, and repent in dust and ful: let thy salvation, () God, set me ashes, Job xlii. 5,6. The LORD is nigh up on high, 29. The sorrows of unto them that are of a broken heart; death compassed me, and the pains of and saveth such as be of a contrite hell gat hold upon me: I found trouspirit, Ps. xxxiv. 18. But I am poor ble and sorrow,
Then called I upon and needy; yet the Lord thinketh upon the name of the LORD,cxvi. 3,4. But me, Ps. xl. 17. The sacrifices of God they that escape of them shall escape, are a broken spirit : a broken and a and shall be on the mountains like contrite heart, o God, thou wilt not doves of the valleys, all of them despise, li. 17. But I am poor, and mourning, every one for his iniquity, sorrowful : let thy salvation, o God, Ezek. vii. 16. And I will pour upon set me up on high, lxix. 29. But I am the house of David, and upon the inpoor and needy; make haste unto me, habitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of
God: thou art my help and my de- grace and of supplications: and they liverer ; 0 Lord, make no tarrying, shall look upon me whom they have lux. 5. Bow down thine ear, O LORD, pierced, and they shall mourn for hear me, for I am poor and needy, him, as one mourneth for his only son, luxvi. 1. Better it is to be of an hum. and shall be in bitterness for him, as ble spirit with the lowly, than to divide one that is in bitterness for his firstthe spoil with the proud, Prov. xvi. born. In that day shall there be a great 19. Honour shall uphold the humble mourning in Jerusalem, as the mournin spirit, xxix. 23.“ Thus saith the ing of Hadadrimmon in the valley of High and lofty One that inhabiteth Megiddon. And the land shall mourn, eternity, whose name is Holy: Idwell every family apart, Zech. xii. 10–12. in the high and holy pluce,
with him b They that sow in tears shall reap also that is of a contrite and humble in joy. He that goeth forth and spirit; to revive the spirit of the hum- weepeth, bearing precious seed, shall ble, and to revive the heart of the con- doubtless come again with rejoicing, trite ones, Isa. lvii. 15. The Spirit of bringing his sheaves with him, Ps. the Lord God is upon me; because the cxxvi. 5, 6. And in that day thou Lord hath anointed me to preach good shalt say, O LORD, I will praise thee : tidings unto the meek, lxi. 1. To this though thou wastangry with me, thine man will I look, even to him that is poor anger is turned away, and thou comand of a contrite spirit, and trembleth fortedst me, Isa. xii. 1. He will swalat my word, lxvi. 2. He hath shewed low up death in victory; and the Lord thee, O man, what is good, and what God will wipe away tears from off all doth the LORD require of thee, but to faces, xxv. 8. For the people shall do justly, and to love mercy, and to
dwell in Zion at Jerusalem: thou shalt walk humbly with thy God ? Mic. vi. weep no more : he will be very gra8. The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, cious unto thee at the voice of thy because he hath
anointed me to preach cry; when he shall hearit, he will anthe gospel to the poor, Luke iv. 18. swer thee, xxx. 19.
And the ranAnd he lifted up his eyes on his disci- somed of the LORD shall return, and ples, and said, Blessed be ye poor : for. come to Zion with songs and everlastyours is the kingdom of God, vi. / ing joy upon their heads: they shall 20. He that humbleth himself shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow be exalted, xviii. 14. Humble your- and sighing shall flee away, xxxv. 10. selves in the sight of the Lord, and he also li. 11. I did mourn as a dove : shall lift you up, James iv. 10. mine eyes fail with looking upward :
See parallels on clause 2. verse 2. 1o LORD, I am oppressed; undertake chap. iii.
What shall I say? he hath that ye shall weep and lament, but the
Μακάριοι οι πραείς, ότι αυτοί κληρονομή
σουσι την γην. . thine eyes from tears: for thy work shall be rewarded, saith the LORD, Blessed are a the meek: for they shall Jer. xxxi. 16. Blessed are ye that ”inherit the earth. weep now: for
ye shall laugh, Luke Take my yoke upon you, and learn vi. 21. And, behold, a woman in the of me; for I am meek and lowly of city, which was a sinner, when she heart: and ye shall find rest unto your knew that Jesus sat at meat in the souls, Matt. xi. 29. Tell ye the daughPharisee's house, brought an alabaster ter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh box of ointment, and stood at his feet unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an behind him weeping, and began to ass, and a colt the foal of an ass, xxi. 5. wash his feet with tears, and did wipe Now the man Moses was very meek, them with the hairs of her head, and above all the men which were upon the kissed his feet, and anointed them with face of the earth, Numb. xii. 3. The the ointment. And he said unto her, meek shall eat and be satisfied : they Thy sins are forgiven.-Thy faith hath shall praise the LORD that seek him : saved thee ; go in peace, vii. 37, 38. your heart shall live for ever, Ps. xxii. 48–50. But Abraham said, Son, re 26. The meek will he guide in judgmember that thou in thy lifetime re ment: and the meek will he teach his ceivedst thy good things, and likewise way, xxv. 9. The Lord lifteth up the Lazarus evil things: but now he is meek: he casteth the wicked down to comforted, and thou art tormented, the ground, cxlvii. 6. The Lord takxvi. 25. Verily, verily, I say unto you, eth pleasure in his people : he will
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A. D. 31. beautify themeek with salvation, cxlix. God, lxxxiv. 2. Blessed are ye that 4. The meek also shall increase their hunger now: for ye shall be filled, joy in the LORD, and the poor among Luke vi. 21. Woe unto you that are men shall rejoice in the Holy One of full ! for ye shall hunger, 25. LaIsrael, Isa. xxix. 19. The Spirit of the bour not for the meat which perisheth, LORD God is upon me; because the but for that meat which endureth unto Lord bath anointed me to preach everlasting life, which the Son of man good tidings unto the meek, lxi. 1. shall give unto you: for him hath Seek ye the LORD, all ye meek of the God the Father sealed, John vi. 27. earth, which have wrought his judg b My soul shall be satisfied as with ment; seek righteousness, seek meek- marrow and fatness ; and my mouth ness: it may be ye shall be hid in the shall praise thee with joyful lips, Ps. day of the LORD's anger, Zeph. ii. 3. lxiii. 5. Blessed is the man whom thou But the fruit of the Spirit is love, choosest, and causest to approach unto joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, thee, that he may dwell in thy courts : goodness, faith, meekness, tempe- we shall be satisfied with the goodrance : against such there is no law, ness of thy house, even of thy holy Galv. 22, 23.
temple, lxv. 4. And in this mountain What man is he that feareth the shall the LORD of Hosts make unto Lord? him shall he teach in the way all people a feast of fat things, a feast thut he shall choose. His soul shall of wines of the lees, of fat things full dwell at ease; and his seed shall in- of marrow, of wines on the lees well herit the earth, Ps. xxv. 12, 13. Evil refined. And he will destroy in this doers shall be cut off : but those that mountain the face of the covering cast wait
upon the LORD, they shall inhe- over all people, and the vail that is rit the earth. The meek shall inherit spread over all nations. He will swalthe earth ; and shall delight them- low up death in victory; and the selves in the abundance of peace, Lord God will wipe away tears from Exxvi. 9. 11. The righteous shall in- off all faces; and the rebuke of his herit the land, and dwell therein for people shall he take away from off ever, 29. Thy people also shall be all the earth: for the LORD hath all righteous : they shall inherit the spoken it, Is. xxv. 6—8. When the land for ever, the branch of my plant- poor and needy seek water, and there ing, the work of my hands, that I may is none, and their tongue faileth for be glorified, Isa. IX. 21. The promise, thirst, I the LORD will hear them, I that he should be the heir of the the God of Israel will not forsake world, was not to Abraham, or to his them, xli. 17. That thou mayest say seed, through the law, but through the to the prisoners, Go forth; to them righteousness of faith, Rom. iv. 13. that are in darkness, Shew yourselves.
They shall feed in the ways, and their VER. 6.
pastures shall be in all high places. Μακάριοι οι πεινώντες και διψώντες την | They shall not hunger nor thirst ; neiδικαιοσύνην, ότι αυτοί χορτάσθήσονται.
shall the heat nor sun smite them : Blessed are they which do ahunger and lead them, even by the springs of wa
for he that hath mercy on them shall thirst after righteousness: for they bshall
ter shall he guide them, xlix. 9, 10. be filled.
Ho, every one that thirsteth, com: ye As the hart panteth after the water to the waters, and he that hath no brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, O God. My soul thirsteth for God, come, buy wine and milk without mofor the living God: when shall I come ney and without price, lv. 1.
Thereand appear before God? Ps. xlii. 1, 2. fore, thus saith the Lord God, BeO God, thou art my God; early will hold, my servants shati eat, but ye I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, shall be hungry : behold, my servants my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty : thirsty land, where no water is, lxiii. behold, my servants shall rejoice, but 1. My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth ye shall be ashamed, lxv. 13. Whofor the courts of the LORD: my heart soever drinketh of the water that I and my flesh crieth out for the living shall give him shall never thirst; but
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MATT. V. 6-8.
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shall obtain mercy.
the water that I shall give him shall / ye do not forgive, neither will your be in him a well of water springing Father which is in heaven forgive up into everlasting life, John iv. 14. your trespasses, Mark xi. 25, 26. And Jesus said unto them, I am the Love ye your enemies, and do good, bread of life: he that cometh to me and lend, hoping for nothing again; shall never hunger ; and he that be- and your reward shall be great, and ye lieveth on me shall never thirst, vi. shall be the children of the Highest : 35. In the last day, that great day for he is kind unto the unthankful and of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, to the evil. Be ye therefore merciful, saying, If any man thirst, let him as your Father also is merciful, Luke come unto me, and drink. He that vi. 35, 36. God is not unrighteous to believeth on me, as the Scripture bath forget your work and labour of love, said, out of his belly shall flow rivers which ye have shewed towards his of living water, vii. 37, 38. They shall name, in that ye have ministered to hunger no more, neither thirst any the saints, and do minister, Heb. vi. more; neither shall the sun light on 10. For he shall have judgment withthem, nor any heat, Rev. vii. 16. out mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; VER. 7.
and mercy rejoiceth against judgment,
James ii. 13. Μακάριοι οι ελεήμονες, ότι αυτοί ελεηθή
VER. 8. Blessed are the merciful: a for they
Μακάριοι οι καθαροί τη καρδία, ότι αυτοί
τον Θεόν όψονται. . a For if ye forgive men their tres
Blessed are the a pure in heart: for passes, your heavenly Father will also they shall b see God. forgive you. But if ye forgive not a Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first men their trespasses, neither will your that which is within the cup and platFather forgive your trespasses, Matt. ter, that the outside of them may be vi. 14, 15. With the merciful thou clean also, Matt. xxiii. 26. I know wilt shew thyself merciful, and with also, my God, that thou triest the the upright man thou wilt shew thyself heart, and hast pleasure in uprightupright, 2 Sam. xxii. 26. also Ps. xviii. ness, 1 Chron. xxix. 17. If thou wert 25. Blessed is he that considereth pure and upright; surely now he the poor: the LORD will deliver him would awake for thee, Job viii. 6. in time of trouble. The Lord will With the pure thou wilt shew thyself preserve him, and keep him alive; pure, Ps. Iviii. 26. Who shall ascend and he shall be blessed upon the earth: into the hill of the LORD! or who and thou wilt not deliver him unto the shall stand in his holy place ? He that will of his enemies. The Lord will hath clean hands, and a pure heart; strengthen him upon the bed of lan- who hath not lifted up his soul unto guishing : thou wilt make all his bed / vanity, nor sworn deceitfully, xxiv. 3, in his sickness, xli. 1—3. He that | 4. Behold, thou desirest truth in the hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto inward parts : and in the hidden part the LORD; and that which he hath thou shalt make me to know wisdom. given will he pay him again, Prov. Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be xix. 17. If thou draw out thy soul to clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted than snow, li. 6,7. Create in me a soul; then shall thy light rise in ob-clean heart, O God; and renew a right scurity, and thy darkness be as the spirit within me, ver. 10. Truly God noon day; and the Lord shall guide is good to Israel, even to such as are thee continually, and satisfy thy soul of a clean beart, lxxiii. 1. The thoughts in drought, and make fat thy bones : of the wicked are an abomination to and thou shalt be like a watered gar- the LORD: but the words of the pure den, and like a spring of water, whose are pleasant words, Prov. xv. 26. He waters fail not, Isa. lviii. 10, 11. And that loveth pureness of heart, for the when ye stand praying, forgive, if ye grace of his lips the king shall be his have ought against any: that your friend, xx. 11. Then will I sprinkle Father also which is in heaven may clean water upon you, and ye shall be forgive you your trespasses. But if I clean; from all your filthiness, and
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A. D. 31. from all your idols, will I cleanse you. heart in full assurance of faith, having A new heart also will I give you, and our hearts sprinkled from an evil a new spirit will I put within you: and conscience, and our bodies washed I will take away the stony heart out with pure water, x. 22. Cleanse your of your filesh, and I will give you an hands, ye sinners; and purify your heart of flesh. And I will put my hearts, ye double-minded, Jam. iv. 8. spirit within you, and cause you to Seeing ye have purified your souls in walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep obeying the truth through the Spirit my judgments, and do them. Ezek. unto unfeigned love of the brethren, xxxvi. 25—27. Shall I count them see that ye love one another with a pure pure with the wicked balances, and heart fervently, 1 Pet. i. 22. And with the bag of deceitful weights ? every man that hath this hope in him Mic. vi. 11. Purifying their hearts purifieth himself, even as he is pure, 1 by faith, Acts xv. 9. Having therefore John iii. 3. these promises, dearly beloved, let us b And though after my skin worms cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness I see God : whom I shall see for my, in the fear of God, 2 Cor. vii. 1. Ac self, and mine eyes shall behold ; and cording as he hath chosen us in him not another; though my reins be conbefore the foundation of the world, sumed within me, Job xix, 26, 27. that we should be holy and without For now we see through a glass, darkblame before him in love, Ephes. i. 1. ly; but then face to face, 1 Cor. xiii. Christ also loved the church, and gave 12. We are confident, I say, and willhimself for it; that he might sanctify ing rather to be absent from the body, and cleanse it with the washing of and to be present with the Lord, 2 water by the word, that he might pre- Cor.v.8. Then we which are alive and sent it to himself a glorious Church, remain shall be caught up together not having spot, or wrinkle, or any with them in the clouds, to meet the such thing ; but that it should be holy Lord in the air: and so shall we ever and without blemish, v. 25—27. And be with the Lord, 1 Thess. iv. 17. Folthis I pray, that your love may abound low peace with all men, and holiness, yet more and more in knowledge and without which no man shall see the in all judgment; that ye may approve Lord, Heb. xii. 14. Beloved, now things that are excellent;
that ye may are we the sons of God, and it doth be sincere and without offence till the not yet appear what we shall be : but day of Christ; being filled with the we know that, when he shall appear, fruits of righteousness, which are bý we shall be like him ; for we shall see Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise him as he is, 1 John iii. 2. Therefore of God, Phil. i. 9—11. And the very are they before the throne of God, God of peace sanctify you wholly; and serve him day and night in his and I pray God your whole spirit and temple: and he that sitteth on the soul and body be preserved blameless throne shall dwell among them. They unto the coming of our Lord Jesus shall hunger no more, neither thirst Christ Faithful is he that calleth you, any more; neither shall the sun light who also will do it. 1 Thess. v. 23, on them, nor any heat. For the Lamb 24. Unto the pure all things are pure: which is in the midst of the throne but unto them that are defiled and un shall feed them, and shall lead them believing is nothing pure ; but even into living fountains of waters: and their mind and conscience is defiled, God shall wipe away all tears from Tit. i. 15. Who gave himself for us, their eyes. Rev. vii. 15--17, The that he might redeem us all from ini- throne of God and of the Lamb shall quity, and purify unto himself a pecu- be in it; and his servants shall serve liar people, zealous of good works, ii. him : and they shall see his face; and 14. How much more shall the blood his name shall be in their foreheads, of Christ, who through the eternal xxii. 3, 4. Spirit offered himself without spot to
VER. 9. God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God ? Heb. Μακάριοι οι ειρηνοποιοί, ότι αυτοι υιοι ix. 14. Let us draw near with a true Θεού κληθήσονται.