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16 But he tho his own we shall standhall be

turn, and shall set forth a multitude greater || people, neither shall there be any strength than the former, and shall certainly come, to withstand. * after certain years, with a great army and 16 But he that cometh against him 6 sball with much riches.

do according to his own will, and none shall 14 And in those times there shall many stand before him: and he shall stand in the stand up against the king of the south; also li glorious land, which by his hand shall be the † robbers of thy people shall d exalt consumed. hemselves to establish the vision; but they | 17 He shall also " set his face to enter shall fall.

with the strength of his whole kingdom, 15 So the king of the north shall come, and " upright ones with him; thus shall he and e cast up a mount, and take the most do: and he shall give him the daughter of fenced cities: and the arms of the south || women, ** corrupting her: but she shall not fshall not withstand, neither Ò his chosen stand on his side, i neither be for him. * Heb. at the end of times, 17:17.

See on 3.36.—8:4.

Or, much uprightness, or, even years. 4:16. 12.7.

t Heb. city of munitions. || Or, goodly land. 41,45. marg. equal conditions. † Heb. children of robbers. See on 6. 8:7.- Josh. 1:5. || "8:9. Heb. land of ornament. ** Heb, to corrupt. d Acts 4:25_-28. Rev. 17:17. | Prov. 21:30.31.

h 19. 2 Kings 12:17. Ez. 4:3,7. i Ps. 56:9. Ez. 17:17. Matt. e Jer. 5:10. 6:6. 33:1. 52:4. Ez. | Heb. the people of his choices. | 25:2. Luke 9.51.

12:30. Luke 11:23, Rom. 8:31. which both parties treated of peace, and pre- of Cælo-Syria, and Palestine. The presence, pared forwar; Antiochus returned to attack however, of that prince turned the scale in his Ptolemy's forces and overcame them, and car favor; for he soon recovered what Scopas had ried the war even to the borders of Egypt, taken, and besieged and took the strong city which he threatened with an invasion. This Zidon, and others of Ptolemy's best fortified exceedingly exasperated Ptolemy, who march cities. So that the king of Egypt could not ed against him with a great army, gave him withstand his arms, even with his choicest battle, entirely defeated Antiochus's numerous troops; but he carried all before him, and sucforces, obliged him to retreat to Antioch, and ceeded in his designs, and established his authence to send ambassadors to treat of peace. thority in the land of Judah, “the glorious But Ptolemy did not pursue the advantages of land” of God's chosen people, and of his spethis decisive victory; for, being elated with cial presence; which was by him consumed, in his success, he gave himself up to the most furnishing subsistence to his troops: or rather disgraceful debaucheries. After the retreat of it was by him established, as some render the Antiochus, he visited the cities of his Asiatic |word; for it was favored, and prospered greatdominious, and Jerusalem among the rest: 1 ly under his government. (Marg. and Marg. and being, with great difficulty, restrained || Ref:) from entering into the holy of holies, he was | The robbers, &c.(14) 15970, from pd, rumpere, so displeased with the Jews, that he destroy-llerumpere, disrumpere. The word commonly ed, some say forty thousand, others sixty thousand, of his Jewish subjects in Egypt by ali restraints of law, and violently oppose their

means robbers, because they break through all most furious persecution; and casting down so

rulers, as well as violently rob their neighbors: many tens of thousands of his own subjects

but it may signify Revolters, as breaking loose did, of course, weaken his kingdom and con- li

from those, who had acquired dominion over duce to its ruin. (Marg. and Marg. Ref:) - them. Thus the verb in Hithpahel is used, Overflow. (10) Marg. Ref. u.-Notes, 22,23,40—

| 1 Sam. 25:10. The expression of Josephus is 43, v. 40. 9:25—27, v. 26. Is. 8:6–8.

‘remarkable, that the Jews submitted to ScoV. 13–16. “After certain years,” (marg.)ll in that is, about fourteen years afterwards, Anti

8:'\'pas by force; but to Antiochus they submitted

1 'willingly.' Bp. Newton. ochus the Great, having recovered from the effects of bis late defeat; and Ptolemy Philo. I Shall be consumed. (16) 1591. Kai te congetal pater being dead, and succeeded by his son even yepi avrs. Sept. "Thus Theodoret explains Ptolemy Epiphanes, who was only four or five |'it, "and it shall be perfected by his hand," years of age; Antiochus raised a greater army 'that is, "jt shall prosper:" for so likewise Jothan before, and amassed very large sums of 'sephus hath taught us, ... that the Jews, on money to defray the expenses of the war, by 'their own accord having received Antiochus which he hoped to deprive Ptolemy of his do 'were greatly honored by him.' Bp. Newton. ininions. And at the same time, that Antio V. 17. Antiochus, after this success, set him chus marched his army to attack the Egyp- self with all the strength of his kingdom, to tian provinces, many other enemies stood up I get possession of Egypt, being assisted by the against the king during his minority. For the Jews, called "upright ones," as worshipping conduct of his father, and of those abandoned JEHOVAH, in contradistinction to idolaters; or, ministers who now governed in his name, had as the phrase may mean, making an agreement so disgusted the Egyptians, that they were with him, that is, with Ptolemy: for Antiochus ready to join Antiochus; and Philip, king of attempted to circumvent bim by treaty, as Macedon, made a league with him against well as to subdue him by arms. Thus be enPtolemy, stipulating to divide his kingdom be-deavored to accomplish bis purpose: and to tween them. The persecuted Jews also be- induce Ptolemy to enter into treaty with him, came refractory, and broke off from their he gave him his daughter Cleopatra in marallegiance to the king of Egypt, to join Antio- . riage; whose singular beauty is supposed to chus; for this seems to be the meaning of the be intimated by the expression, “the daughter words translated, “the robbers of thy people." of women,” that is, a most accomplished daughThese revolters exalted themselves against ter of women. In this he meani fraudulently, their former masters; and so helped to estab for he thought to corrupt his daughter to beJish, or accomplish, this vision, or prophecy: tray the interests of her husband; but the but they were reduced by Ptolemy's forces, who project failed: for Ptolemy was aware of the under Ścopas gained many advantages against artifice, and kept upon his guard; and Cleopathose of Antiochus, ang recovered possessionli tra preferred the interests of her husband to Vol. IV.



18 After this shall he turn his face unto!! 21 And in his T estate shall stand up a the isles, and shall take many; but a vile person, to whom they shall not give the prince * for his own behalf shall cause the honor of the kingdom: but he shall come reproach offered by bim to cease; without in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by his own reproach he shall cause it to turn flatteries. upon him.

22 And P with the arms of a flood shall 19 Then he shall turn his face toward they be overflown from before him, and the fort of his own land: but he shall shall be broken; yea, 9 also the prince of stumble and fall, and not be found. the covenant. (Practical Observations.)

23 And after the league made with him 20 Then shall stand up in his testate he shall 'work deceitfully: for be shall ļa raiser of taxes in the glory of the king-come up, and shall become strong with a dom: but within few days he shall be de- small people. stroyed, neither in langer, nor in battle. | 24 He shall enter * peaceably even upon k Gen. 10:4,5. Jer. 2:10. 31:10. ( m Job 20:8. Ps. 27:2. 37:36. || 1 Or. place. 7,20.

1 9 8:11,25 Ez. 27:6. Zeph. 2:11. Jer. 46.6. E.. 26:21.

. 1 Sam. 3:13. Ps. 12:8. 15:4. r 8:25. Gen. 34:13. Ps. 52:2. • Heb. for him. t Or, place, 7. | Is. 32:5,6. Nab. 1:14.

Prov. 11:18. Ez. 17:13-19. | Heb. his reproach.

13 Heb. one that causeth an er-110 32,34. Judg. 9:1-20. 2 Sam. Rom. 1:29. 2 Cor. 11:13. 2 I Judg. 1:7. Hos. 12:14. Matt. I actor to pass over the, &c.

15:2-6. Ps. 55:21.

Thes. 2.9.10. 7:2. | || Heb. angers.

p 10. 9:26. Is 8:7,8. Am. 8:8. ** Or, into the peaceable and 9.5. Nah. 1:8. Rev. 12:15,16. fat, &c.

those of her insidious father, and even joined Seleucus was the proper heir of it: so that po in an embassy to the Romans craving pro-party thought of placing Antiochus on the tection against him. (Marg. and Marg. Ref.)- throne. But "he came in peaceably, and obUpright ones, &c.) Evjua Ravta per' autToingar. tained it by flatteries." He fattered Eumenes, Sept. Et recta faciet cum eo. Vulg.

king of Pergamus, and his brother Attalus, V. 18, 19. Antiochus, not being able to exe- and by fair promises engaged them to support cute this project, turned his arms another way, him: he flattered the Syrians with a fair shew and attacked many of the isles and cities bor- of clemency; and, as some say, by pretending dering on the Mediterranean sea. (Marg. Ref: to hold the crown for his nephew till his rek.) This offended the Romans, who deemed turn from Rome, by which he obtained peace. themselves insulted by this treatment of their able possession: and he flattered the Romans, allies: and in their own behalf, to vindicate the with the assurance of being a faithful and good honor of their state, they proclaimed war ally; and thus he got possession of the kingagainst him, and in a short time, their consuls dom, to the exclusion of all his rivals. He and commanders drove him out of Europe; I was also in turn flattered with the title of pursued him into Asia; by a most decisive vic-|| Epiphanes, or, the illustrious; though some iory deprived him of a great part of his do- more justly called him Epimanes, or, the mad. minions, and compelled him to submit to all man. However, the expression of the angel very hard and dishonorable peace. He then to Daniel, “a vile person," or a despicable man, returned in disgrace to Antioch, bis strong most suited him; for his frantic, indecent, and hold. Nor did he long survive these defeats, l contemptible behavior, in many respects, provfor, finding difficulty in raising the very largeled him to be all which can be implied in such sums of money which the Romans exacted a title. (Marg. and Marg. Ref.) from him, he aitempted to plunder a rich tem V. 22, 23. Antiochus was at first successful ple of Jupiter Belus, in the province of Ely-in war: for “with the arms of a flood shall mais, where he was slain by the enraged in- they be overflowed Lufore him;" or, “the arms habitants. So that he soon atter "stumbled, ll of the overflower shall be overflowed before and fell, and was not found.” (Marg. and l him;" that is, Heliodorus and his other oppoMarg. Ref.)

nents, wbose power seemed ready to bear all V. 20. "Then shall stand up one in his estate, ll before it, were speedily borne down by Antiothat causeth an exactor to pass over the glory||chus, and entirely destroyed. “Yea, also the of his kingdom.” (Marg.) Seleucus Philopa-l prince of the covenant." "Most expositors unter, who succeeded his father, being obligedi derstand this of the Jewish bigh priest, the to pay a large annual tribute to the Romans, ll prince of God's covenanted people: for as performed nothing memorable, except levying soon as Antiochus was seated on the throne, money from his subjects, for this and other | he expelled Onias from the high priesthood, purposes. These exactions tarnished “the and sold it to his younger brother Jason for a glory of his kingdom;" and within a few days, 1 large sum of money; and Onias was soon after or years, (for he reigned twelve years,) be was! cruelly murdered by Antiochus's deputy. But slain by Heliodorus, whom he had employed | after ibis agreement with Jason he acted deto rob the temple of God at Jerusalem. 'Thus ceitfully: for, induced by another sum of he was destroyed “either in anger, nor in money, Antiochus by force of arms deposed battle," but by treachery: for Heliodoriis hoped Jason, and advanced Menelaus his brother to to succeed to the throne; as Demetrius the|| that dignity. Some, indeed, explain this of son of Seleucus was a hostage at Rome, and|| Ptolenny Philometer; between whom and AnAntiochus his brother was absent from the tiochus a league, or covenant of peace, had Syrian court. This project however was dis- been ratified: yet afterwards he wrought deappointed.

ceitfully, and at length, when become sufV. 21. Antiochus, who succeeded his broth-l|ficiently strong, he made war upon Ptolemy: er Seleucus, was returning from Rome when he heard that he had been murdered by Helio

but it does not appear, why Ptolemy should

be called "the prince of the covenant." _"For," dorus. "The honor of the kingdom was not or rather "and, he shall coine up and shall given to him:” for Heliodorus intended to become strong with a small people.” He had seize it for himself; others aimed to give it toil come from Rome with few attendants: his the king of Egypt; and Demetrius the son of power in Syria was at first inconsiderable;

the fattest places of the province; and he be to do mischief, and they shall 2 speak shall do that which his fathers have not | lies at one table; a but it shall not prosper: done, nor his fathers' fathers; * he shall for yet the end shall be at the time apscatter among them the prey, and spoil, I pointed. and riches: yea, and he shall * forecast his 28 Then shall he return into his land devices against the strong holds, even for with great riches; and his heart shall be a time.

against the holy covenant; and he shall do 25 And he shall stir up his power, and exploits, and return to his own land. his courage against the king of the south 29 At the time appointed he shall rewith a great army; and the king of the turn, and come toward the south; but it south shall be stirred up to batile with a shall not be eas the former, or as the very great and mighty army; but he shall |latter. not stand, for they shall forecast devices | 30 For the ships of Chittim shall come against him.

|| against him: therefore he shall be grieved, 26 Yea, they u that feed of the portion and return, 8 and have indignation against of his meat shall destroy him, and his army | the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall shall * overflow: and many shall fall down even return, and have intelligence with slain.

ll them that forsake the holy covenant. 27 And both these kings' t hearts y shall | < Ps. 62:9. Jer. 9:3-5. 41:1 a 8:19. 10:1. Is. 14:31. Acts

25,6. Matt. 2


17:26. Gal. 4:2. Jud. 9.4. Prov. 17.8. 19:6. 7:5,6. Matt. 26:23. Mark 14:lla See on Prov. 19:21. Ez. 17: le 23.25. . Heb. think his thoughts. 7: 20. John 13:18, 26.


f Gen. 10:4. Num. 24:24. 1 Chr. 25. Prov. 23:7. Ez. 38:10. x 10,22.

b 29,35,40. 8:19. 10:1. Hab. 11:7. Kittim. Is. 23.1,12. Jer. Matt. 9.4. 1 + Heb, their hearts.

2:3. Acts 1:7. 17:31. 1 Thes. 2:10. Ez. 27:6. + 2.10. Prov. 15:18. 28:25. y 2 Sam. 13:26–28. Ps. 12:2.


g See on 28. 7:25.-Rev. 12: u 2 Sam. 4:2-12, 2 Kings 8:14, 152:1,2 58:2. 64:6. Prov. 12:

c See on 22,30_32. 8: 4.- 12,13,17. . 15. 10.6–9. Ps. 41:9. Mic. 20. 23:6–8. 26:23—26.

Acts 3:25.

h Neh. 6:12-14. Matt. 24:10.

Mir. Prov. 23:2.8 thoughts. 7:

yet from small beginnings he became exceed- || same table, or met at the same council-board: ingly strong. (Marg. Ref.)

and pretended to be amicably disposed, and to The arms of a flood, &c. (22) Kai 6paxloves Tv enter into a treaty: but they were both bent on KarakuCovtos karakluoIncorra amo apoown! avt8. Sept. | mischief, and told lies to each other. AntioThis translation requires only a small change | chus professed a great regard to Ptolemy's inof the vowel points, and is much more appro- terest, and to secure him against the designs priate.

of his brother; and Ptolemy professed to conV. 24-26. Antiochus had greater success, | fide in Antiochus, and to deem himself bound both against the Egyptian provinces in Asia, || to bim by the strongest ties: whereas Antioand against that kingdom itself, than any of|cbus only meant to weaken the two brothers, his predecessors had had: and he also exceed- || by fomenting their discords, till he should be ed them in liberality, or rather ostentatious | able to seize upon the whole kingdom; and extravagance; for he "scattered among” the Ptolemy was ajining to effect a reconciliation people, wherever he went, the prey which he || with his brother, that they might unite in exhad taken from his enemies, the spoil of cities | pelling the invader. But this fraud did not and temples, the riches of his friends, and his fully prosper on either side: Antiochus could own revenues; so that his profusion exceeded not get possession of the whole kingdom; and that of any of his progenitors. Thus he tixed | Ptolemy could not drive bim out of it. Antiothe people in his interests: and when bis au chus was at length induced to leave Egypt, thority was established at home, he began to and return to Syria with immense treasures "forecast devices" against the strong-holds of which he had seized on; and his heart was Ptolemy, which still held out against him; and turned against the holy covenant: for, the rehe prepared during some years for the war | port being spread of his death, it occasioned that he meditated. At length, with all his some insurrections and great rejoicings among power and courage, he led a great army the Jews; which so exasperated bim, that he against the king of Egypt, who sent his gen- resolved to be revenged on the nation. Acerals with a mighty force to oppose his prog- cordingly he besieged and took Jerusalem, ress: but Antiochus prevailed, through the slew forty thousand of its inhabitants, and sold fraudulent counsels and treacherous conduct twice that number for slaves: he then polluted of Ptolemy's partisans. And the next year, the temple with swine's flesh and various deAntiochus obtained still more decided advan- filements; he even entered with violence into tages, and got possession of almost all Egypt. | the holy of holies; he plundered the sacred (1 Mac. 1:16-19.) For Ptolemy's ministers treasures; and having succeeded thus far he and servants helped in different ways to ruin | returned home to Antioch. (Marg. and Marg. his interests; as some of them betrayed his Ref. y-a. c.--1 Mac. 1:20--28. 2 Mac. 5:5—22.) cause, and others exasperated the people to || Jerome observes, that both the Greek and revolt by their mal-adıninistration and detest-||'Roman historians relate, that after Antiochus able conduct: and thus Ptoleiny Physcon his 'returned from Egypt, he came into Judea, brother was set up for king in opposition to ||'that is “against the holy covenant," and spoilbim. By these means Antiochus's forces pre- 'ed the teinple, and took away a great quantity vailed, and great numbers of Ptolemy's were 'of gold, and having placed a Macedonian garslain. (Marg, and Marg. Ref:)

| 'risop in the citadel, he returned into his own Overflowo, &c. (26) "The arms of Antiochus land.' Bp. Newton.-The end shall be at the time shall overrun the whole kingdom of Egypt, llappointed. (27) Marg. Ref. b.-Note, 29,30. like a sudden inundation.' Lowoth. (10,22.) V. 29, 30. After an interval of two years,

V. 27, 28. It is not known, by what means “in the time appointed," (27) Antiochus rePtolemny Philometer came into the bands of turned to renew his attempts against Egypt, Antiochus; he seems, however, to have been and finding that the two brothers were amicabis prisoner. Thus they frequently ate at the bly providing for their common safety, he 31 | And arms shall stand on his || sacrifice, and they shall place the abomipart, and they shall pollute the sanctuary nation that * maketh desolate. of strength, and shall take away the daily | 32 And such as do wickedly against the i 8:24,25. Rev. 17:12—14. Ez. 7:20,21. 8:7. 24:21,22. m 8:13. 9:27. 12:11. Matt. 24: Or, astonishetk. Acts 13.se, k See on 8:11.-Lam. 1:10. 2:7. | 1 See on 8:12,13,26. 9:27. || 15. Mark 13.14. Luke 21:20. 41. made war upon them with great impetuosity | bave differed exceedingly about it. S and success. However, this expedition ter- have explained the whole of Antiochus Epiphminated in a different manner, than either of anes; soine have made him a type of Antichrist; the preceding: for the Roman state sent am- and others extend a part of it to the subsequent bassadors to him, at the request of the Piole-kings of Syria. But, though very little of that mies, commanding him to lay down his arms, | wbich follows in this vision, can be explained and not to molest their allies. Perbaps these of the short-lived exploits of Antiochus; vet a ambassadors came in Grecian ships, or the similarity of character and conduet, between name “Chittim” signifies the several European him and future oppressors of God's people, countries that border on the Mediterranean | might give occasion to the inspired writer, or sea. (Marg. Ref. f.-Note, Num. 24:23,24.) || rather to the angel, to glide from one to the These executed their commission in the niost other by an almost imperceptible transition. peremptory and decisive manner: for one of As Antiochus had the power of the sword, his them, named Marcus Popillius Lenas, made a captains seized on the sanctuary, which had circle with his cane round Antiochus, and in- | been strongly fortified, and was itself the desisted on his answer before he passed out of fence of the people: and they polluted it, in ra. that circle; being determined to declare war || rious ways; and placed a base idol in the temagainst him, if he hesitated to comply with his ple of God, which was an abomination that demands: and Antiochus, not daring to bring | desolated the city and sanctuary, by driving upon himself the whole power of the Romans, I thence all pious Jews: they also buisded idol who were then free from other wars, was forc-) altars in all the cities of Judah. This thereed to submit. Thus he was checked in his full || fore may apply to Antiochus. (Marg. Ref. I, career of victory, to his extreme vexation; and m.) But very eminent expositors suppose, that returning home, full of grief and sbame, he || the transition before mentioned begins here to vented his indignation against the Jews, the be made: and, as it must shortly be admitted, it covenant-people of God: 'for he detached Apol- | cannot be better introduced, than in this place. 'lonius with an army of twenty-two thou-|| 'In the same year that Antiochus, by the com'sand men, who coming to Jerusalem, slew | ‘mand of the Romans, retired out of Egypt, “great multitudes, plundered the city, set fire || 'and set up the worship of the Greeks in Judea, 'to it in several places, and pulled down the 'the Romans conquered the kingdom of Mace'houses and walls round about it. Then they l 'don, the fundamental kingdom of the empire 'builded on an eminence, in the city of David, a l'of the Greeks, and reduced it into a Roman 'strong fortress, which might command the l'province; and thereby began to be put an end 'temple; and issuing from thence, they fell on 'io the reign of Daniel's third beast. This is 'those who came to worship, and shed inno-lhus expressed by Daniel; "and after him 'cent blood on every side of the sanctuary, and 'arms," that is, the Romans, “shall stand up." defiled it: so that the temple was deserted, and ||'... Arms are every where in this prophecy put 'the whole service omitted; the city was for- || ‘for the military power of a kingdom; and they 'saken of its natives, and became an habitation l'stand up, wben they conquer and grow pow. of strangers. “So he did;" and after his return 'erful. Hitherto Daniel described the actions 'to Antioch he published a decree, which oblig-ll'of the kings of the north and the south: but ed all persons, upon pain of death, to conform | 'upon the conquest of Macedon by the Romans, 'to the religion of the Greeks: and so the Jew-l'he left off describing the actions of the Greeks, 'ish law was abrogated, the heathen worship || \and began to describe those of the Romans in 'was set up in its stead, and the temple itself 'Greece. Sir Is. Newton. (Notes, 7:1–8. 8:3— ‘was consecrated to Jupiter Olympius. In || 12.)-Arms. Not armor, but the "arms" of the 'transacting ... these matters, "he had intelli- || human body; as in other parts of this prophegence with them that forsook the holy cove- |cy. (Note, Ez. 30:20–26. In support of this 'nant;" Menelaus, and the other apostate Jews || 'interpretation, it may be further added, that ‘of his party.' Bp. Newton. (1 Mac. 1:29–61. 2 || 'the Jews themselves, as Jerome informs us, Mac. 5:24-26. 6:1-9.)- Indeed the distresses || 'understood this passage, neither of Antiochus of the Jews in those days arose principally || 'Epiphanes, nor of Antichrist, but of the Rofrom the machinations of their countrymen, ||'mans; of whom it was said above, that "the who joined the enemies of their nation and | ‘ships of Chittim shall come, and he shall be religion. (Marg. and Marg. Ref.) "There is l 'grieved." After some time, says the prophet, 'not so complete and regular a series of these l'out of the Romans themselves, who came to 'kings, there is not so concise and comprehen 'assist Ptolemy, and menaced Antiocbus, there 'sive an account of their affairs, to be found in 'shall arise the emperor Vespasian; there shall 'any author of those times. The prophecy is | ‘arise his arms and seed, his son Titus with an 'really more perfect than any history: no one 'army, and they shall poll'Ite the sanctuary, 'bistorian hath related so many circumstances, l'and take away the daily sacrifice, and deliver fand in such exact order, as the prophet hath || 'the temple to eternal desolation. Bp. Nerton. 'foretold them. So that it was necessary to -“We must know, that after the death of An'have recourse to several authors, Greek and 'tiochus Epiphanes, the third kingdom comes "Roman, Jewish and Christian, and to collect | no more into the holy reckoning; none of the 'something from one, and something from "Greek kings after him being at all prophesied another, to explain and illustrate the great va- l'of. ... The reason of this is, because during the ‘riety of particulars contained in this prophecy. | 'reign of Antiochus, Macedonia, (whence that

... No one could thus declare "the times and kingdom sprang,) with all the rest of Greece, 'seasons,(Acts 1:7.) but "he who hath them 'came under the Roman obedience. From 'in his own power."'Bp. Newton.

W 'thence therefore the Holy Ghost begins the V. 31. Thus far the prophecy is clear, and rise of the fourth kingdom, yea, the Roman the interpretation satisfactory; but the subse-l'historians themselves mark out that time for quent part is very difficult, and commentators Il “the rise of their empire.' Mede.-'Our Savior


covenant shall he * corrupt by flatteries: 11 34 Now when they shall fall, they shall but the people that do know their God be holpen with a little help: but many P shall oe strong, and do exploits.

| shall cleave to them with flatteries. 33 And they that I understand among 1 35 And “ some of them of understandthe people shall instruct many: 'yet they || ing shall fall, * to try t them, and to purge, shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by and to make them white, y even to the time captivity, and by spoil, many days. of the end: because it is yet for a time apa Prov. 19:5. 26:28.


(Practical Observations.) * Or, cause to dissemble. 2 q 12:3,4,10. Ts. 32:3,4. Zech.

6:11. 7:9,10. 12:7-11.

Thes. 2:9 12. Rev. 13:12 8:20—23. Matt. 13:11,51,52. 15.

28:20, Luke 24:44–47. Acts o i Chr. 28:9. Ps. 9:10. Jer. 4:2-4. 11:26. 14:21. 2 Tim. 31:34. John 17:3. 2 Cor. 4:3 2:24, 25.

-6. 1 John 2:3,4. 5:20. r Matt. 10:21. 20:23. 24:9. John p Mic. 5:7–9. 7:15-17. Zech. 16:2. Acts 12:2,3. 1 Cor. 4:9. 9:13-16. 10:3-6,12. 12:3-7. | 2 Tim. 1:12. 4.6. Heb. 11:34 14:14. Mal. 4:2,3. 2 Tim. -37. Rev. 1:9. 2:13. 6:9. 7: 2:1-3. Heb. 10:32,33. Rev. 14. 13:7–10. 17:6.

Rev. 12:2--6,13—17. 13:1-4.13. 15:37-39. t Matt. 7:15. Acts 20.29,30, 1 , 12:10. Deut. 8:2.3.16. Prov. Rom. 16:18. 2 Cor. 11:13— 17:3. Zech. 13:9. Mal. 3:115. Gal. 2:4. 1 Tim. 4:1,2. 2 | 4. 4:1-3. Jam. 1:2,3. 1 Pet. Tim. 3:1-7. 4:3. Tit. 1:11. 1:6,7. Rev. 2:10. 2 Pet. 2:1--3,18,19. John 2: + Or, by them. 18,19. 4:1,5. 2 John 7. Judey 29,40. 8:17,19. 9:27. 10:1. 12. 4. Rev. 2:20. 13:11--14.

4.11. Hab. 2:3. Rev. 14:15. u 33. 8:10. Matt. 16:17. 26:56, 69–75. Jobn 20:25. Acts 13:

'himself, making use of the same phrase, “the numerous converts to their religion. They in'abomination of desolation" in his prediction deed endured severe things; yet it was not for 'of the destruction of Jerusalem, may convince many days;" three years and a half being a 'us, that this part of the prophecy refers to that very short time in the language of prophecy. levent. Bp. Newton.-The emphatical man - Whereas the Romans not only destroyed ner, in which our Lord quotes this prophecy Jerusalem, and took away the daily sacrifice; of Daniel, greatly coufirms this argument. In but during their dominion they both crucified deed the concluding verse of the ninth chapter Christ, persecuted his followers, and also set contains nearly the same language, in an ex themselves to extirpate Christianity: and their press prediction of the destruction of Jerusa magistrates used the most alluring promises lem by the Romans. (Marg. and Marg. Ref.m. and flatteries, as well as the most terrible -Noies, 8:13,14, v. 13. 9:25–27, v. 27. Matt. threatenings, to prevail with Christians to 24:15–18.) There can remain little doubt apostatize and worship idols. Many were thus with any one, who carefully compares the con- corrupted and did wickedly: but the real Chriscluding part of this chapter and the next chap-tians were enabled to resist all these temptater, with the other scriptures; who accurately tions, and to adhere to their religion with the examines the import of the words employed; || most heroic constancy: and through the whole and who attentively considers the records of extent of the Roman empire, as well as in history; that the fourth kingdom, even that of other places, Christianity was rapidly propathe Romans, is predicted, if not exclusively, yet I gated. At the same time the Christians, and principally. First Rome Pagan, then Rome the ministers of Christianity, were exposed to Christian, and then Rome Papal, must be in | death by the sword and flame, and were cartended; whether the transition be made at this ried captive, and stripped of their property verse, or not till the thirty-sixth: for no other during "many days:" for the ten persecutions power, which has hitherto appeared on earth, ll of the Roman emperors lasted almost three at all answers to the description here given, hundred years, with only short intermissions or has had dominion during so long a term of of rest and peace. The dispersion of the apostime, as the angel plainly marks out.—The|tles, teachers, and Christians, in the primitive persecutions and profanations of the temple, l times, by persecution, greatly promoted the hy Antiochus Epiphanes, began about one promulgation of the Gospel. They understood, hindred and sixty-eight years before the land were wise, and carried their wisdom with Christian Era: he died in less than four years them, and instructed immense multitudes. afterwards. The Romans soon began to dis (Marg. and Marg. Ref.:--Notes, Matt. 10:16– turb the Jews: at length Pompey, about sixty-|

| 23. 24:9–14. Acts 20:19–21. 2 Cor. 11:21-27. three years before the Christian Era, took Je 2 Tim. 3:10–12. Rev. 6: 7:) rusalem, and entered into the holy of holies. V. 34, 35. When the Jews fell under the lle, however, neither plundered the temple, persecutions of Antiochus, Mattathias of Monor in any other respect profaned it. But from din, and his son Judas Maccabeus, revolted that time, Jerusalem was dependent on the from the persecutors; and after the death of Romans, and subject to those whom they made || Mattathjas, Judas repeatedly vanquished the kings or governors, till the destruction of the armies of Antiochus with far inferior forces: city and temple by Titus: and in the year of our at length he recovered Jerusalem, cleansed Lord one hundred and thirty-two, the emperor the sanctuary, restored the worship of God, Adrian caused a temple to be erected to Jupi- || and survived Antiochus: and both the priestter Capitolinus, on the very spot where the hood and sovereignty remained in that family temple of God before stood, and banished the || for several generations. The small force of Jews from Jerusalem and its neighborhood. ll these Jewish heroes might be called "a little Thus "he abomination that maketh desolate," || help;" yet in fact it proved a most effectual was effectually placed "in the sanctuary of help. The two books of Maccabees must be strength," to pollute it; and “the daily sacrifice referred to on this subject; for it occupies the was taken away." Yet these events seem also II greatest part of them.-But if we advert to to have been, in some degree, figures of the what succeeded the persecutions mentioned in corruptions, introduced into the Christian the preceding note, we shall perceive a much church, by the idolatries of Papal Rome. more unexceptionable interpretation. After

V. 32, 33. Antiochus doubtless corrupted the Christians bad long fallen under the power many of the Jews to do wickedly: and the rem- \ of their persecutors, the conversion of Connant that knew, trusted, and loved their God, I stantine gave thein deliverance: they were no were greatly strengthened, and did wonders, || longer persecuted, but favored by the Roman in supporting his cruel tortures, and resisting emperor and his cleputies. Yet this proved huis usurped and abused authority: but it can only "a little help” to the cause of true religion, not be said, that they instructed many, or made | It added indeed niuch to the temporal pros

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