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2 Son of man, a set thy face toward 1 7 And it shall be, when they say unto Jerusalem, "and drop thy word toward the thee, "Wherefore sighest thou? that thou holy places, and prophesy against the land || shalt answer, . For the tidings; because it of Israel;

cometh: P and every heart shall melt, and 3 And say to the land of Israel, Thus | 9 all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit saith the LORD; d Behold, I am against || shall ' faint, and all knees shall be * weak thee, and will draw forth my sword out as water: behold, s it cometh, and shall be of his sheath, and will cut off from thee|| brought to pass, saith the Lord God. 'the righteous and the wicked.

| 8 | Again the word of the LORD came 4 Seeing then that I will cut off from unto me, saying, thee the righteous and the wicked, there-l 9 Son of man, prophesy, and say, Thus fore shall my sword go forth out of his saith the LORD; Say, 'A sword, a sword sheath against all flesh, from the south to | is u sharpened, and also furbished: the north;

10 It is sharpened to make a sore 5 That "all flesh may know, that I the slaughter; * it is furbished that it may Lord have drawn forth my sword out of glitter: y should we then make mirth? tit his sheath: i it shall not return any more. I contemneth 2 the rod of my son, as every

6 k Sigh therefore, thou son of man tree. with the breaking of thy loins; and with 11 And he hath given it to be furbishbitterness sigh" before their eyes.

ed, that it may be handled: this sword is . 4:3,7. 20:46. 25:2. 28:21. 29: 1 g 6:11—14. 7:2. 20:47. n 12:9—11. 20:49. 24:19. 113,15,28. Deut. 32:41,42. Job 2. 38:2. Eph. 6:19.

Ih 20:48. Num. 14:21- 23. || 0 7.26. 2 Kings 21:12. Is. 7:2. 20:25. Is. 66:16. Jer. 12:12. b Deut. 32:2. Arg. 7:16. Mie. Deut. 29:24–28. 1 Kings 9:7 28:19. Jer. 6:22-24. 49:23. 15:2. Am. 9:4. 2.6. marg.

Ip Ex. 15:15. Deut. 20:8. marg., u Ps. 7:11-13. Is. 27:1. 34:5,6, c 4:7. 6:2.20:46. 36:1. Jer. 26: i 30. 1 Sam, 3:12. (s. 45:23. Joab. 2:9-11. 5:1. 2 Sam. x Jer. 46:4. Nab. 3:3. Hab. 11.12. Acts 6:13,14. | 55:11. Jer. 23:20. Nah, 1:9. | 17:10. Nah. 2:10.

3:11. d 5.8. 26:3. Jer. 21:13. 50:31. k 12. 6:11. 9:4. Is. 22:4. Jer. l) Job 4:3,4. Is. 35.3. Jer. 50:43. y Esth. 3:15. Ec. 3:4. Is. 5:12 51:25. Nah. 2:13. 3:5. 14:19. 9:17--21. John 11:33. || Luke 21:26. Heb. 12:12. 1 -14. 22:12-14. Am. 6:3—7. e 9—11,19. 5:12 14:17,21. Ex. -35.

r Lev. 26:36. 1. 13:7. Jer. Nab. 1:10. Luke 21:34,35. 15:9. Lev. 26:25,33. Deut. 32: 1 Is. 16:11. 21:3. Jer. 30:6, 8:18. Lar, 5:17.

Or, it is the rod of my Son; it 41.42. Ps. 17:13. Is. 10:5. 34: Dan. 5:6. 8:27. Nah. 2:10. * Heb. go into water. 7:17. despiseth every tree, 20:47. 5. Jer. 47:6,7. 51:20. Zeph. Hab. 3:16.

| Ps. 2:7-9. 110:5,6. Rev. 2:27. 2:12, Zech. 13:7.

m 4:12. 12:3—5. 37:20. Jer. Il s 7:2-12, 12:22-28. 1 Pet. z 25—27. 19:11-14. 2 Sam. [ 9:5,6. Job 9:22,23. Ec, 9:2. 19:10.

7:14. Ps. 89:26-32,38-45. Jer. 15:2-4.

of return sword clue the stato il pened, and say, hogy

Num.14:21_-23 11 12:9—11. 20:49. 24:19.

b Deut. 32:2

Ara. 7:16. Mic. 1. 20:48.



carried captive to Babylon, or migrated into Chap. XXI. V. 245. These verses evident-|| Egypt and other countries. But if any rightly explain the parable at the close of the for- eous persons fell by the sword, the famine, or mer chapter. (Marg. Ref: a-c.-Notes, 20: the pestilence: as they were removed from the 45–49.) Jerusalem and the land of Israel | evil to come, to a betier world, in mercy not in were intended by “the forest of the south field.” || anger, all the promises and emblems, respectThe holy places either mean the temple and ing the Lord's special regard to them, might its courts; or the temple, the holy city, and the be sufficiently verified. Thus Josiah, though holy land. The Lord, who had so long been slain in battle, went down to the grave in known by the princes of Judah"as a sure Ref-l peace. (Marg. Ref. f-i.-Notes, 2 King3 22: uge,” (Note, Ps. 48:2,3.) was at length turned | 15–20. 23:29,30.) against them, and was about to draw his V.6, 7. To give these awful predictions the sword, “to cut off both the righteous and the greater emphasis, the prophet was ordered to wicked.” As he had determined on this in- | sigh deeply and frequently, in the presence of discriminate slaughter and devastation, he the elders, or of the captive Jews; as if his would commission his sword, (that is, the heart would break, or his loins were racked Chaldean army, the same as the fire, which was with pain, like the anguish of a woman in “to devour both the green and the dry trees,” | travail: as afterwards he was ordered to “cry 20:47.) to go forth against all flesh, through- || and howl” for the same reason. (12) And out the whole extent of the land. (Murg. Ref.ll when the people inauired of him the cause or d, e.-Notes, 9,10,19–22.) Thus the Jews, and meaning of his bitter siglis and groans, he was indeed all nations, might know, that this de ordered to answer them, that they were exstruction was not fortuitous, or merely the ef torted by the tidings which he heard, and fect of man's policy, ambition, or revenge: but which they would soon hear, of the invasion of that God had decreed it against a rebellious Judah, and of the siege and destruction of Jepeople, which had filled up the measure of|rusalem: for these events, which were just at their iniquities.-The words, “I will cut off|| hand, would exceedingly distress and intimifrom thee the righteous and the wicked,” can-l|date the whole company, and deprive them of not mean, that every individual would be slain; || all courage, strength, and spirits. (Marg. Ref: but all would be cut off from the land of Is-|| -Notes, 7:16–19. Jer. 23:9-12, v. 9. Hab. 3: rael, though not out of the land of the living: 16.) however, they militate very strongly against V. 9, 10. The sword of war was given into those, who explain the eighteenth chapter, and the hands of the Chaldeans by the just indigsimilar passages, of an exact discrimination nation of God: and it was "sharpened," that it observed in these calamities between the right-|| might do the more terrible execution; and “fureous and the wicked. (Notes, 9:3–7. 18:3,4.) || bished,” that its very glittering might cause Many of the pious Jews were preserved from the greater alarm. The Jews it seems thought death during these judgments; but probably that divine vengeance was become as a sword, not all, nor they only: yet they were all “cut off which had grown dull and rusty in the scabfroin the land of Israel," so that not one re- bard: but they would soon learn, that it was mained in it; for all the survivors were either I made ready for use, and would be employed VOL. IV.



sharpened, and it is furbished, a to give it on the right hand, " or on the left, whitherinto the hand of the slayer.

soever thy face is set. 12 Cry and howl, son of man: for it! · 17 I will also o smite mine hands toshall be upon my people, it shall be upon gether, Pand I will cause my fury to rest: all the princes of Israel: * terrors by reason I the LORD have said it. of the sword shall be upon my people:

(Practical Observations.} smite therefore upon thy thigh.

| 18 The word of the LORD came unto 13 t Because it is da trial, and what if me again, saying, the sword e contemn even the rod? 'it shall 19 Also, thou son of man, 9 appoint thee be no more, saith the Lord God.

two ways, that the sword of the king of 14 Thou therefore, son of man, proph-|Babylon may come: both twain shall come esy, and smite thine + hands together, and forth out of one land: and choose thou a 5 let the sword be doubled the third time, place, choose it at the head of the way to the sword of the slain; it is the sword of the city. the great men that are slain, which 'enter-! 20 Appoint a way, that the sword may eth into their privy chambers.

come to i Rabbath of the Ammonites, and 15 I have set the point of the sword to Judah in Jerusalem s the defenced. against all their gates, 'that their heart| 21 For the king of Babylon stood at may faint, and their ruins be multiplied: the ** parting of the way, at the head of the ah! it is made bright, it is il wrapped up two ways, " to use the divination: he made for the slaughter.

his tt arrows bright, he consulted with #1 im16 Go thee one way or other, either ages, he looked in the liver. . 19. Jer. 25:9,33. 51:20—23. 1 g 17. 6:11. Num. 24:10. 1 Heb. set thyself, take the left It Prov. 16:33. 21:1. b 6. 9:8. 30:2. Jer. 25:34. || Heb. hand to hand.

** Heb. mother of, &e.

[ocr errors]

hand. Joel 1:13. Mic. 1:8.

h Lev. 20:21.24. 2 Kings 24:1, o 14. 22:13. Num. 24:10. u Nurn. 23:29. Deut. 18:10. 1 . Or, they are thrust doren to 10-16. 25: 1,&c. Dan. 3:19. lp 5:13. 16:42. Deut. 28:63. Is. Sam. 15:23. Prov. 16:10. mar. the sword with my people. i 8:12. 1 Kings 20:30. 22:25. || :24. Zech. 6:8.

gins. Aets 16:16. c 14. 6:11. Jer. 31:12. Am. 9:2.


1 3. 5:1.&c. Jer. 1:10. Or, knives. + Or. When the trial hath been, 16 Or, glittering, or, fear.

r 25:5. Deut. 3:11. 2 Sam. 12:1 Heb. teraphim. Gen. 31:19, what then? shall they not also k 22. 15:7. Jer. 17:27.

26, Jer. 49.2. Am. 1:14. Rab 30.marg. Judg. 17:5, 18:14, belong to the despising rod? 17. 20:47.


18,20,24. 2 Kings 23:24. marg. d Job 9:23. 2 Cor. 8:2. | Or, sharpened. 11.

2 Sam, 5:9. 2 Chr. 26.9. 32: Hos. 3:4. 4:12. Zech. 30.2. • 10,25. m 4,20. 14:17. 16:46.

5. 33:14. Ps. 43:12,13. 125: marz [ 27. n Gen. 13.9.

1,2. Is. 22. 10. Lam. 4:12.

against them. Was it then a time for them to 'should utterly perish.' (Note, 25-27, v. 27.) rejoice and indulge in sensual mirth, or to de- v. 14. Marg. and Marg. Ref.g.-Notes. 17. ride the threatenings of God? and did not their Num. 24:10,11.-Be doubled, &c.T This is by circumstances rather call on them to join the some interpreted to signify, that the third invaprophet in sighs and lamentations? (Marg. sion of Nebuchadnezzar would complete the Ref. t y.-Notes, Is. 5:11-17, vv. 11,12,18,19., ruin of Jerusalem. He had taken Jehoia kim 22:8-14. 28:12–15. Am. 6:3–8.)

captive, and then Jeconiah, and at the third It contemneth, &c. (10) It makes no distinc-time he would take Zedekiah, and lay the city 'tion between the sceptre and common wood; in ruins and desolate the land. But perhaps it 'between the branches of the royal fainily, de- only refers to the repeated prophecies con'scended from David and Soloinon, whom I cerning the sword which was coining on the 'honored with the title of being my sons, (Ps. / land. Let the stroke be repeated twice and (89:26. 2 Sam. 7:14.) and the ineanest of the 'thrice, that is oftentimes. ... (Job 33:29.)' Lowth. people.' Loroth. (Marg. Ref. z.) Nebuchad- (Marg. Ref. h.) This sword would especially nezzar would disregard Israel's relation to Je- enter into the chambers of the great men, HOVAH, (.Note, Er. 4:22,23.) as well as the scep- where they concealed their idolatries and ini tre in the hand of David's descendants; and the liquities; as they were the ringleaders in rebelsword of God's righteous vengeance would cut lion, and would by no means escape. (Marg. down Zedekiah and his family, like any other Ref.j. 1 Kings 22:24,25.) of the trees of the forest.-Or, “It is the rod of V. 15. The point of this sword, exciting my Son, it despiseth every tree.” (Marg. and terror and multiplying destruction, would apRef.) The rod of the Son of God, by which he! pear at all the gates of Jerusalem; so that the destroys his enemies, would pay no regard to inhabitants would not have a single way left any of the trees in that devoted forest.

for them to escape. Marg. and Marg. Res.) V. 11, 12. Marg. and Marg. Ref.-Notes, 6, It is made bright.] The Hebrew reads here 7,14,19–22. 6:11. •

and ver. 10, “It is made like lightning.” The V. 13. These events would be a grievous 'same metaphor which we read in Virgil: Vatrial of the faith and patience of God's people; 'ginâque eripit ensem fulmineum: He drew his or rather, a trial of the Jews and their rulers, 'sword which did like lightning blaze.' Louth. whether they would repent or not. And if the - Wrapped up. That it might not lose its sword despised even the rod or sceptre in the edge or polish, till it was to be used. Or hands of Zedekiah, what would be the event?,"sharpened." Marg. (11.) It occurs no where Truly that sceptre would fall from his hands, i else in scripture. the temporal kingdom in David's family would V. 16. The sword is here addressed, by cease, and Jerusaler would be desolated. bold figure, as a messenger that was to go and (Marg. and Marg. Ref:Note, 9,10.)— Ezekiel, execute the commission of God on every side. “moved with compassion, thus complaineth, (Marg. and Marg. Ref.-Notes, 19-22, 14:13 'fearing the destruction of the kingdoin, which --21, v. 17. Jer. 47:6,7.) ‘God had confirmed to David and his posterity! V. 17. The Lord thus emphatically declarby prornise; which promise God performed, ed his purpose of encouraging and prospering ‘although here it seemed to man's eye, that it the besiegers, till he had taken full vengeance

22 At his right hand was the divination 1 your sins do appear; because I say, that for Jerusalem., to appoint* captains, toll ye are come to remembrance, d ye shall be open the mouth in the slaughter, "to lift up taken with the hand. the voice with shouting, 'to appoint batter | 25 And thou, e profane wicked prince of ing rams against the gates, to cast a mount, Israel,' whose day is come, when iniquity and to build a fort.

shall have an end, 23 And it shall be unto them y as al 26 Thus saith the Lord God; Refalse divination in their sight, t to them move the diadem, and take off the crown; that have 2 sworn oaths: a but he will call this shall not be the same: hexalt him that to remembrance the iniquity, that they may | is low, and abase him that is high. be taken.

27 + I will overturn, overturn, overturn 24 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; it: and it shall be no more, i until he come Because ye have made your iniquity to be whose right it is; and I will give it him. remembered, in that your transgressions a ls. 22:17,18. Jer. 15:2. Am. 1. 2:21,22. Heb. 12:26,27. are discovered, so that in all your doings le 17.19. 2 Chr. 36:13. Jer. 49:10. Num. 24:19. Ps. 2:6. * Or, battering rams. Heb. 1 a 2 Kings 24:20. 25:1—7. Jer.

[ 29. 7:6. 30:3. 35:5. Ps. 7: v Ex. 32:17,18. Josh. 6:10.20. 24. 29:16. Num. 5:15. 9. 9:5,6. Jer. 51:13,


Ti 17:22, 23. 34:23. 37:24,25. Gen.

24:8. 52:2.

rams. 4:2.


1 Sam. 17:20. Job 39:25. Jer. 1 Kings 17:18. Rev. 16:19. llg 12:12,13. 16:12. 2 Kings 25: 51:14.

c 16:16,&c. 22:3—12,24–31. 23: 6,7,27,28. Jer. 13:18, 39:6,7. x Jer. 3224. 33:4. 52:4.

5.&c. 24:7. Is. 3:9. Jer. 2: y 11:3. 12: 22. Is. 28:14,15. 34. 3:2, 5:27,28. 6:15. 8:12. lhi Sara. 2:7,8. Ps. 75:7. 113:7. Or, for the oaths made unto 9:2—7. Hos. 4:2. Mic. 3.10

los. 4.2. Mic. 3.10 11 8. Luke 1:52. them.


It Heb. Perverted, perverted, z 17:13-19. 2 Cbr. 36:13.

perderted will I make it. Hag.

72:7–10. Is. 9:6,7. Jer. 23:
5,6. 30:21. 33:15,16,21,26,
Dan. 2:44. 9:25. Hos. 3:5,
Am. 9:11,12. Mic. 5:2. Hag.
2:7. Zech. 6:12, 13. 9:9. Mal
3:1. 4:2. Matt. 28:18. Luke
1:32,69. 2:11: John 1:49. Eph.
1:20-22. Phil. 2:9,10. Pet.
3:22. Rev. 19:11-16.

on the Jews. (Marg. Ref. 14.-Notes, 5:13. this was settled, he appointed captains, and 22:13.)

prepared every thing for the siege of that city. V. 19–22. The prophet was here ordered (Marg. and Marg. Ref. v, x.) still more plainly to declare, that "the sword V. 23. The Jews would treat these predicof the king of Babylon" was intended by all tions as false; and disregard all the hostile these metaphors. Ple must describe on a tile, I preparations of the Chaldeans, as if they were a parchment, or the ground, the road from Bab-|| no more to be feared than their delusive diviylon to a place, where it was parted into two nations. They especially, who had sworn alleroads, one leading to Jerusalem, the other to giance to Nebuchadnezzar, (along with ZedeRabbath the capital city of the Ammonites. kiah,) and had broken their oaths, and sworn (Marg. Ref. r.-Notes, 29–32. 25:2—7. Jer. 49: | others to the king of Egypt, would be so infat1-5. Am. 1:13-15. As the people of Judah uated as to despise all warnings. Thus they confided in the fortifications of Jerusalem, and would be delivered into the hands of Nebuwere about to retire within them; so they were chadnezzar, who would remember against called “Judah in Jerusalem the defenced.” | them their perfidy and perjury, and avenge (Marg. Ref. s, t.)-This plan would represent himself on them for it. Marg. and Marg. Ref. the conduct of Nebuchadnezzar. For that -See on Note, 17:15–21.) prince would march his arıny from Babylon, l V. 24. The notorious sins of the Jews of intending to destroy both Rabbath and Jerusa-l that generation, which shewed that all their lein, but undetermined which he should first doings were contaminated by impiety and inattack; so that when he came to the parting of iquity, had caused the sins of their fathers also the roads, neither his policy nor his resent to be remembered against them, and rendered ment decided his measures, but he had re- || it requisite for the glory of God, that they course to divination. (Marg. and Marg. Ref: should be delivered into the hands of their en0.-Note, Is. 47:12-15.) This was an appeal | emjes ---Because your sins cry to heaven for to some superior power to determine for him; / 'vengeance, ye shall fall into the hands and conducted with inany superstitious and idola- | 'power of the king of Babylon.' Lowth. (Marg, trous rites. Three kinds of augury or (livina- Ref.) tiou seem to have been used on this occasion. I V. 25–27. The Lord, by his prophet, next

They wrote on several arrows the names of addressed himself iminediately to Zedekiah, "the cities they intended to assault; and then, I as the head of the conspiracy against his au(putting them all together promiscuously in a thority. He had shewn his impiety and iniqui"quiver, they drew them out thence as lots are ty, especially in violating bis solemn oath, and drawn; and that city whose name was writ on revolting from the king of Babylon. (See on 'the arrow first drawn, was the city they first Note, 23.) But the day was come, when his 'made war upon.' Jerom in Lowth. Ile crimes would meet with condign punishment; ‘mingled his arrows. Vulgate.-The tera- and bis iniquity and that of his people, would pbim, or little images, that were carried with be terminated by their ruin. (Marg. Ref.e-g. them, were consulted as oracles; some ar- - Notes, 7:5—11. 12:8–15.) The Lord had tificial answer was supposed to be returned given commandment to divest him of the inby them: (Marg, and Ref. Judg. 17:5.--Notes, signia of royal authority, and to reduce him to Gen. 31:19. Hos. 3:4,5, v. 4.) and, having the condition of a blind wretched captive: offered sacrifices, the priests or augurs exam- when he would not appear "the same” person ined the intestines, especially the liver; from that he had been; or the authority would not the state of which, in different animals, wheth- be in “the same” hands. Jeconiah, who was er mutilated or complete, sound or unsound, then Jow in a prison, would again be exalted, or from its color, they grounded their decis- and his family would prosper: Zedekiah, who ions, according to signs and marks laid down was then on the throne, would be abased: and among them. The Lord, however, so over- the Lord would overturn repeatedly the family ruled it, that all these inquiries concurred in of David and the government of Judah, till determining Nebuchadnezzar to march against the coming of the Messiah, whose right the Jerusalein, rather than Rabbath. And when : kingdom was, and it should be given to him for

25. 47:13.

Jer. 27:9.

28 | And thou, son of man, prophesy ij sheath? p I will judge thee in the place and say, Thus saith the Lord God k con- || where thou wast created, 9 in the land of cerning the Ammonites, and concerning || thy nativity. their reproach; even say thou, 'The 31 And I will pour out mine indignasword, the sword is drawn: for the slaugh- tion upon thee, sI will blow against thee ter it is furbished, to consume because of in the fire of my wrath, and deliver thee the glittering:

into the hand of t brutish men, and skil29 Whiles " they see vanity unto thee, || ful to destroy. whiles they divine a lie unto thee, "to bring || 32 Thou shalt be " for fuel to the fire; thee upon the necks of them that are slain, / *thy blood shall be in the midst of the of the wicked, 'whose day is come, when || land; y thou shalt be no more remembered: their iniquity shall have an end.

| 2 for I the LORD have spoken it.

51:20,21. Hab. 1:6– 10. 30 * Shall I cause it to return into his || p 16:30. 28:13,15.

1q 16:3,4.

u 20:47,43. Mal. 4:). Matt. 3:10, k 20. 25:2—7. Jer. 49:1–5. 13:10–16. Lam. 2:14.

r 7:8. 14:19. 22:22. Nah. 1.6. Am. 1:13—15. Zeph. 2:8-10. 25. Job 18:20. Ps. 37:13.

s 22:20,21. Ps. 18:15. Is. 30.33. x 30. Is. 343–7. 19,10. Or, Cause it to return. 4,5. II 37:7. 40:7. Hag. 1:9.

y 25. 10. Zeph. 2.9. m 12:24. 13:23. 22:28. Is. 44: Jer. 47:6,7.

+ Or, burning.

2 Num. 23:19. Matt. 24:35.

i Is. 14:4–6.° Jer. 4:7. 6:22,23. ever. (Marg. and Marg. Ref. h.-Notes, 1|'theirs.' Lowth.-Skilful, &e. (31) “Artificers Sam. 1:4–8. 2 Kings 25:1-7,27-30. Jer. 22:28 | of destruction." von, Fabri. The word used -30. Hag. 2:20–23. Luke 1:26–33. Heb. 12:26

for carpenters, smiths, masons, &c. as joined -29. Rev. 11:15–20.)-This may also predict

with the words, wood, brass, iron, or stone. the repeated subversions of the Jewish nation by the Chaldeans, Macedonians, Romans, and

PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. many others, to the present day; which will not come to any happy termination, till they

V. 1-17. submit to their long rejected Messiab: nay, it Dreadful is the case of those against whom seems to predict all the convulsions in states | God has set bimself as an adversary! yet all and kingdoms, wbich shall make way for the impenitent sinners are exposed to this dire mis. establishment of his kingdom throughout thellery. Even holy places and families, which whole earth.-'When the prophets speak to have long been eminent in religion, will have 'kings in the name of God, they lay aside those || God against them, if they apostatize or greatly "titles and expressions of respect, which are | degenerate.-In national judgments, the sword 'otherwise due to regal dignity. (1 Sam. 13:13. of God often cuts off both the righteous and '1 Kings 18:18. 2 Kings 3:13,14.) Lowth. the wicked; but not one of the righteous will

Overturn. (27) “After that Zedekiah is de- || be involved in the condemnation of the wicked, 'prived of his regal authority, there shall be no | at the day of judgment and in the eternal 'more kings of that family, till Christ come.'' || world. (Note, 2 Pet. 2:5—9.) He often “enLowth. (Marg. Ref. i.)

dures with much long suffering the vessels of V. 28. 'The Ammonites, being reprieved by wrath, fitted for destruction:" but when at Nebuchadnezzar's decision to besiege Jerusa length he draws his sword, it will return no lem, were ready to promise themselves secu- | more, till it has effected all his righteous pur rity, and to insult over the Jews. But the poses.-It behoves those, who are employed to prophet was ordered to predict their doom || denounce the awful wrath of God against sinalso, which Nebuchadnezzar a few years after liners, to shew that they “do not desire the woeexecuted. (Marg. Ref.-Notes, 9,10,19–22.) || ful day;" and the example of Christ teacbes “Their reproach” may either mean the re-l us, that we ought to weep and lament over proach that awaited them, or their reproach of them whose ruin we foresee and declare. (.Note, God's people. (.Notes, 25:3-7, v. 6. Zeph. 2:8 || Luke 19:41–44.). We should also endeavor to 10.)

convince them, that we are greatly impressed V. 29–32. The diviners of the Ammonites with the reality, importance, and near apencouraged them, with vain predictions of vic- || proach of those iuvisible things, of which tory and triumph, to trample on the Jews when we speak; and instruct them by our example, suffering the punishment of their sins. It was as well as by our doctrine.-It scarcely seems not therefore proper, that the sword of ven necessary to inquire, “wherefore men sigh and geance should return into its scabbard, till mourn” in such a sinful suffering world as this: they too were punished. The Lord would on yet those who now mourn with penitent sor. this account judge and execute vengeance on | row, and sympathize in the afflictions of God's them in their own land, where the nation first people, shall rejoice and be exceedingly glad, received its existence: for the Ammonites seein // when all the hearts of ungodly men shall melt, to have increased from a farnily to a nation, in and when they shall in vain call to the rocks the same country which they then inhabited. to fall upon them, and cover them from the He would pour his vengeance on them as wa- | wrath of their offended Judge. But when his ter: his wrath would burn against them as fire, ll sharp and glittering sword is drawn against, made more vehement by being blown: he guilty nations or individuals; and when rente would deliver them into the hands of men, I geance is at the door, does it behove the crini who were cruel and bloody like wild beasts, inals to make mirth? Would it not be more and used their understandings only for de suitable to them to sigh and mourn, and even struction. Thus he would destroy them; they to howl and cry? at least to fast and pray, and would never recover their former dignity; and I humble themselves under the mighty hand of in process of time they would be entirely for- || God, if so be he will be merciful unto them:gotten. (Marg. and Marg. Ref.-Notes, 15– In great national calamities, his sword often 17. 25:10,11. Jcr. 49:6.)

disdains all the petty distinctions, on which To bring thee upon the necks, &c. (29) "Tomeu pride themselves: the most exalted sta'add thee to the number of those who are slain tions and sacred characters are then blended 'in Judea, (14,15.) and make thy condition like with the poor and obscure in one common ruin


|| maketh idols against herself to defile herA catalogue of the crimes committed in Jerusalem, for which judgment was awarded against the Jews, 1-16. God will prove them as Inetals in the furnace, 17-22. The wickedness 14 Thou art become guilty in thy blood of the prophets, priests, princes, and people, shewn to be the

that thou hast shed: and hast defiled thyself combined causes of their ruin, 23–31. VOREOVER the word of the LORD

in thine idols which thou hast made: 8 and II came unto me, saying,

thou hast caused thy days to draw near, 2 Now, thou son of man, a wilt thousand art come even unto thy years: therefore * judge, wilt thou judge the t bloody city? have I made thee a reproach unto the yea, thou shalt I shew her all her abom- heathen, and, a mocking to all count inations.

| 5 Those that be near, and those that be 3 Then say thou. Thus saith the Lord || far from thee, shall mock thee, which art God, The city d sheddeth blood in the || ' infamous and much vexed.

me may come and I 6 Behold, the princes of Israel, every a 20:4. 23:36.

lb 169. Is. 58-1. 1 Tim. 5:20. ll & Num. 32:14. Matt. 23:32,33. | Dan. 9:16.
t Heb. make her know.

1 Thes. 216. * Or, plead for.

TO Heb. polluted of name, much

b 5:14,15. 16:57. 21:28. Lev. * Heb. city of bloods. 23:45. 2c 8:9-17. 16: 23:

in vexation. Jer. 15:2,3.

26:32. Deut. 28:37. 29:24. 1 Kings 21:16. 24:9,4. Jer. 2:30, d 27. 24:6-9. Zeph. 3:3.

i 27. Neh. 9:34. Is. 1:23. Jer 34. Hos. 4:2. Nab. 3:1. Matt.

Kings 9:7. 2 Chr. 7:20. Ps. 44: e 4. 7:2-12. 12:25. Rom. 2:5.

2:26,27. 5:5. 32:32. Dan. 9:8.

13,14. 79:4. 89:41,42. Jer. 18: | Mic. 3:1-3,9% 11. Zeph. 3:3. 23:35. 27:25. Luke 11:50, Acts 2 Pet. 2:3. 1 2 Kings 21:2—9. Jer. 2: 3:

16. 24:9. 44:8. 7:52.

Lan. 2:15,16. 1

except that the great are singled out as the cy is exercised to sinful men. All these disprincipal criminals; and the sword often pur- || pensations are in the hand of the only begotten sues them, into their secret recesses of wick- Son of God: and all wars, convulsions, and edness, and their most secure hiding places. revolutions, combine to bring forward the esEven those who fill thrones, when distinguish- || tablishment of his kingdom. The Lord will ed by profaneness and iniquity, will be exposed "overturn, overturn, overturn," till that great to shame, and their punishments made propor- | revolution takes place, when the kingdoms of tionably conspicuous: if they escape such rev-l the earth shall become the kingdoms of our olutions, as sometimes hurry monarchs from || Lord, and of his Christ.” This should satisfy the throne to the prison; yet death will soon | all, who love his rightful authority, and are beterminate their career, rob them of their di- || come his loyal subjects: "what he doetb they ademns and sceptres, and transmit them as know not now, but they shall know hereafter. Sy criminals to the judgment-seat of God. But let us be thankful to be employed as inV. 18–32.

// struments of his mercy, let us use our underThe most self-sufficient and ungodly, as well || standings in devising methods of doing good; as the most sagacious and politic, sometimes and let us stand aloof from those brutish men, find their counsels so perplexed, as to feel the who are only skilful to destroy. want of a superior direction: and the vain superstitions and divinations of idolaters pro

NOTES. claim, how desirable it is to be directed by the Chap. XXII. V. 2. Jerusalem, instead of word and Spirit of God. But, whatever appa a holy city, was become, “a city of blood," rent chance or choice, whatever augury or div filled with murder, and every crime for which ination, determine the measures which men men were punishable by death. (Marg. and adopt; the Lord secretly leads them to execute Ref:--Notes, 3--16. Mati. 23:34--39. Acts 7:51 his wise designs: and even ambitious conquer |--53.) The prophet therefore, instead of pleadors, and cruel tyrants, are the undesigning ex- ling in her behalf, was summoned to sit in judgecutioners of deserved punishment on con- ment on her: whilst the Lord himself assumed demned criminals. (Notes, Ps. 76:10. Prov. 16: the office of an accuser and a witness, and 33. 21:30. Is. 10:5–7. Dan. 5:18–24.) Wherev- sbewed that she merited the sentence of coner the sword of divine justice turns, it meets demnation denounced against her. (Marg. and with men deserving of its stroke: but it com- Marg. Ref. b, c.--Notes, 20:4. Mal. 3:5,6, v. 5.) monly begins at the sanctuary, and first ex | v. 3--5. There is a peculiar emphasis in ecutes vengeance on those who profane it by all these accusations brought against Jerusatheir hypocrisy and iniquity. These are the lem, arising from the consideration, that this last persons, in general, who give credit to the was the city which God had chosen for the warnings of God's word: their hearts are often place of his temple, and favored with his orahardened by repeatedly violating the inost sol- cles, ordinances, special presence, and protecemn vows and engagements, and attending on tion, above all the cities upon earth. Yet the sacred ordinances in an inpious and infidel inhabitants of this very city were peculiarly manner; and they are left to themselves, till guilty of murder and idolatry, the iwo most they ripen for vengeance: then their sins are atrocious of all crimes. They shed much inade to appear, and they are brought to con- blood, in sacrificing their children to idols, in dign punishment.-Next to such wicked pro- | persecuting the prophets and servants of God, fessors of religion, they will be inost severely and in cruelly oppressing the poor; by iniquita punished, who insult over their falls and mis- ous laws and unrighteous decrees; and probaeries.- What a frivolous advantage is it to a bly by frequent assassinations, in perpetrating condemned malefactor, to be executed the last robberies, and in furious quarrels.' So that the of the company! how little reason has he toll people seeined in haste to bring forward the exult over his fellow-sufferers! yet this is the time of vengeance.--They also made idols, to common conduct of profane mei; when they defile themselves; which was eventually to see others punished while they are spared; || destroy themselves, as it was sure to provoke though the sword will not be sheathed till it the Lord to destroy them. Thus they would have consumed them also.-But in the midst speedily arrive at those years of desolation of the most tremendous predictions and de- which had been predicted, when they would nunciations of wrath, we still hear some re- i become the objects of scorn and reproach to fort of mercy, and of him through whom mer-' the heathen: for even the idolaters, whose

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