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22 Yet, behold, therein shall be left a have brought upon Jerusalem, even con reinnant that shall be brought forth, both cerning all that I have brought upon it. sons and daughters: behold, they shall 23 And they shall comfort you, when come forth unto you, and ye shall see sye see their ways and their doings: and ye their way and their doings: and ye shall shall know that I have not done without be comforted concerning the evil that cause, all that I have done in it, saith the

Lord God.

22:8,9. Dan. 9:14. Rom. 2:5


b 6:8. 2 Chr. 36:20. Is. 6:13. 10:20-22. 17:46.

24:13. 65:3,9. Jer. 4.27. 5:19. 30:11. 52:27—30. Mic. 5:7. Mark

c 6:9,10. 16.63. 20:43. 36:31.

Jer. 31:17-21. d Jer. 3:21-25.

e 8.6—18. 9.8,9. Geu. 18:22
33. Neh. 9:33. Jer. 7:17–28.

Rev. 15:4. 16:6.

or for Daniel, who was pot at this time above they would be comforted concerning the evil thirty years of age, to be ranked with these which the Lord bad done to Jerusalem: perancient eminent saints of God, who were most ceaving that he had good cause for all the sehonored by the answers given to their pray-|| verity which he had exercised; and taking eners in their own time.—Yet in these three em-couragement 10 expect the performance of his inent saints, of different ages, had all lived at promises of a future restoration, and of many once, and united in intercession for a land blessings to the people. It is not certain whethwhich had filled up its measure of sin, they|er this consolation and satisfaction would rewould not have prevailed. Their righteous-sult froin noticing the atrocious wickedness of ness indeed would either have exempted them the captives; or from hearing their penitent from temporal calamities, or converted the confessions, and declarations of the crimes, into blessings: Yet not as the ground of their which had filled Jerusalem and Judah. But acceptance; but their righteous conduct would probably many of them shewed very plainly, evince them to be justified persons, and par- | by their abandoned conduct, for what crimes takers of God's grace and favor; and thus en-|| God had executed vengeance on the nation; sure his protection and their everlasting sal- ||and others, being brought to repentance, made vation, according to the tenor of the new cov- such a report of the abominations which they enant. -The prayers, examples, and pious lu- | had witnessed, as silenced all objections, and bors of eminent believers, bave often checked composed the minds of the pious remnant 10 the progress of national wickedness, promot-||cheerful acquiescence, and confidence in the ed reformation and true religion, and thus truth and mercy of God. (Marg. Ref.-Notes, conduced to the lengthening of public tran-1|6:8–10. 7:16-19, v. 16. 12:16.) quillity; and there is abundant encouragement during the time of the Lord's patience and PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. piercy, to use means for the conversion of

V. 1-11. children, relatives, and neighbors: yet when Very wicked men may assume such specious that time expires, and “the days of vengeance"||appearances of piety, as to impose upon the arrive, no intercession can prevail for the im-most discerning ministers of Christ: for who penitent; nor can any righteous man deliver can know what secret abominations are prachis nearest relations from destruction. (Marg: tised in the lives, or what unmortified Justs and Marg. Ref.-0-X.-Notes, Jer. 15:1–4.) abound in the hearts, of some, who behave But if this were the case with any other pa-| theinselves devoutly under the preaching of tion, the grievous transgressions of which had | God's word, and ihe administration of his provoked God to coinmission either famine,|| most solemn ordinances? But the Lord sees or destructive beasts, or war, or pestilence, to through every disguise, and will certainly unexecute his righteous vengeance upon it; if mask every dissembler: (Note, 1 Cor. 4:3–5.) such men, as Noah, Daniel, or Job, could not|and as his answers are addressed to men acprevail for the preservation of a single per-||cording to their characters; so we should shew, son, even one of his own children; how much as well as we can, to whom the comforts, and more would this be the case with Jerusalem to whom the terrors, belong; “dividing the and Judah, whose unprecedented crimes con-|| word of truth” according to the character, nected with their special religious advantages, conduct, and disposition of our hearers; and had provoked God to commission against leaving the Lord, by means of the conscience, them all these four sore judgments at once, to to make the application to individuals. (Notes, the total desolation of the land! The nation 2 Cor. 4:1,2. 5:9—12, vv. 11,12. 2 Tim. 2:14– therefore must not hope to escape, because of 18, v. 15.)

--All the wickedness of man springs a very few pious men among them: individu- from a heart estranged from the holy characals must not expect safety, because related to ter, law, and service of God, through the idolpious persons: nor ought Daniel, Jeremiah,|| atrous love of hinself, and of the creatures. Ezekiel, or other prophets, to repine, that the No external decency, form, or reformation, Lord would not preserve Jerusalem for their can be acceptable to God, so long as any idol sakes, or in answer to their prayers. (Marg. possesses the heart, and rivals him in our afRef. y-a.)-Staff of bread. (13) Marg: Ref: 8. fections yet how many sit to hear his word, -Note, Ps. 105:16.-Sword, go, &c. (17) Notes, and join in his worship, and at his table, whó Jer. 47:6,7.

idolize riches, pleasures, honors, and the praise V. 22, 23. Though the Lord determined to of men! who seek happiness from worldly disdesolate Jerusalem and Judah, and to execute tinctions, and confide and rejoice in them, rath, his "four sore judgments" on the inhabitants: er than in the love and service of God! and yet for his own name's sake, and out of re- how many, who prefer their own wisdom and spect to his covenants with Abraham and Da- righteousness to his glorious salvation! Thus, vid, and his promises relative to the Messiah, instead of saying, "What have I to do any he would preserve the lives of a remnant of more with idols?' and casting them away with the Jews, who still remained in the land; both abhorrence, they resolutely, cleave to them; sons and daughters, that they might yet in- and these prove stumbling blocks, over which crease for the future replenishing of the land. they fall into iniquity and misery. By their These would be carried captive into Chaldea: secret attachment to worldly objects, they are and when the few pious Jews, who were there 'prepared to listen to the tempter, and to combefore, should "see their ways and doings," mit scandalous crimes; or, loving this present



fuel; the fire devoureth both the ends of The unfitness of the wood of a vine for any thing but the fire, 1 it, and the midst of it is burned. "Is it -5; an emblem of the character and doom of the Jews, 6–8.

meet for any work? ND the word of the LORD came unto 5 Behold, when it was whole, it was me, saying,

t meet for no work: how much less shall it 2 Son of man, a What is the vine-tree be meet yet for any work, when the fire more than any tree, or than a branch which hath devoured it, and it is burned! is among the trees of the forest?

6 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; 3 Shall wood be taken thereof to do. As the vine-tree among the trees of the any work? or will men take a pin of it to forest, which I have given to the fire for hang any vessel thereon?

fuel, so will I give the inhabitants of Jeru4 Behold, dit is cast into the fire for salem.

7 And & I will set my face against them:

« Deut. 32:32,33. Ps. 80:8-16. bls. 44:23. Mic. 3:12. Zech.
Cant. 2:13,15. 6:11. 7:12. 8: 11:2.
11.12. Is. 5:1-1. Jer. 2:21. Jer. 24:8. Matt. 5:13. Mark
Hos. 10.1. Matt. 21:33_41. 9:50. Luke 14:34,35,
Mark 12:1-9. Luke 20.9--16. d Ps. 80:16. Is, 27:11. John 15:
John 15:1-6.

6. Heb. 6:8.

e ls. 1:31. Am. 4:11. Mal, 4:1. -6,24,25. Jer. 4:7. 7:20. 21: Matt. 3:12. Heb. 12:29.

7. 24:8-10. 25:9-11,13. 44: * Heb. Will it prosper.

21-27. Zech. 1:6. + Heb. made ft.

Lev. 17:10. 20.3-6. 2. 17:3_-10. 20:47,43. Is. 5:1 26:17. Ps. 34:16. Jer 91:10.

8 14:8.

world, they apostatize from God; (.Notes, 1 very beasts of the field in various ways share Tim. 6:6-10, vv. 8–10. 2 T'im. 4:9–13.) or the miseries of mankind. (Note, Rom. 8:18– cares, riches, and sensual lusts render them 23.) But in the future world sinners alone unfruitful cumberers of the ground, fit for will suffer, and that in proportion to their pernothing but to be hewn down and cast into sonal guilt. Then the assembled universe the fire: and “should the LORD be inquired of j will see, that "the LORD bath not done without by such men, or give encouragement to them?”|| cause, all that he hath done against them:" Assuredly, he will "answer them according to and his servants will be satisfied with his dethe multitude of their idols” and iniquities: hecisions, even against their nearest relatives. "will set his face against them,” and make For the detection of men's sins will manifest them examples of bis vengeance: wbilst their the justice of God in their punishment; even hypocritical worship will only aggravate their as the humble confessions of true believers guilt and punishment, and they shall know yow magnify the precepts and penalty of his that the heart-searching God cannot be im- holy law, and give all the glory of salvation to posed upon like their fellow mortals. Such bis grace.-In a firm belief, that we shall appersons often grow weary of faithful minis- prove all the dispensations of God, towards ters, and want “teachers after their own lusts," ourselves and all mankind, when the whole to comfort them in their evil courses; and they shall be fully made known to us; let us now find others of like character ready enough to impose silence upon our rebellious murmurs “teach things which they ought not, for filthy and objections, the offspring of pride, ignolucre's sake.” Thus evil men and seducers rance, and unbelief; let us diseard our useless "are multiplied, and grow worse and worse, anxiety about the case of others, assured that deceiving and being deceived:” (.Notes, 2 Tim. "the Judge of all the earth will do right;" and 3:13. 4:1-5, vv. 3,4.) but the Lord over-rules let us compose our minds into patient resignathe whole in awful righteousness, to their mu- tion to his will, which in all things is "holy, tual delusion and aggravated destruction. He just, and good.” sets his face against some of these teachers

NOTES. and professors of the gospel, for a warning to Chap. XV. V. 1-5. Ezekiel and his comothers: bis punishments and threatenings have panions seem not to bave been easily satisfied, a tendency to alarm the consciences of the about the predicted judgments on Jerusalem unconverted, and to caution his people to go and their nation, which ihey had been used to no more astray from him; and they are made consider as "holiness to the LORD.” He was useful to upright believers. The door of mer- therefore graciously pleased to represent to cy is still open: sinners are still called on to them the propriety of these dispensations, by repent, and turn from all their abominations: an apt similitude, wbich would also counterand all are admitted among the Lord's people, act the presumptuous hopes of the people. and have him for their God, who seek to bé The church and nation of Israel bad often cleansed by “washing in the

Fountain, which been compared to a vine. (Marg. Ref. a.he hath opened for sin and uncleanness.” Notes, Deut. 32:32,33. Ps. 80:8-16. Is. 5:1–7. V. 12–23.

Jer. 2:20,21.) A vine is peculiarly valuable if God will inflict many sore judgments on in-fruitful; otherwise it is almost as unsightly dividuals and nations who sin against him: aand worthless as a bramble: other fruit-trees remnant of pious persons may indeed for a time may be of some use for timber, but the vine is avert or retard national judgments; but they of no value except for its fruit. "What is the cannot possibly prevail with him to tolerate wood of the vine more than another tree, or wickedness, or to save men in their sins; nor even than a branch of the trees of the forest?" could they in their right mind desire it, even Wood could not be taken from it for any work; in behalf of their own sons and daughters. not even for a pin or peg to hang a vessel on. The Lord will certainly deliver his servants (Note, Is. 22:20–25, vv. 23–25.) Only some “from all evil, and preserve them to his heav-|| parts of other trees are used for fuel: but whe enly kingdom;" and he will satisfy them as to ends and the middle,” the whole of the vine his dealings with those, for whom they plead when cut down, as well as the prunings of it ed in vain but when the day of patience is from year to year, are consigned to the fire, and expired, the same word and oath of God, nobody attempts to reserve any part of it for which ensure the believer's salvation, are en- other uses. And if it is useless, before it be cast gaged for the condign punishment of the into the fire, what can it be good for when alwicked. groaneth” through the sins of men, and the |--Notes, John 15:6–8, v. 6.)

At present, "the whole creation most consumed? (Marg. and Marg. Ref.bme.


they shall go out from one fire, and anoth- 3 And say, Thus saith the Lord Goder fire shall devour them; and ye shall unto Jerusalem; «Thy * birth, and thy náknow that I am the LORD, when I set my tivity is of the land of Canaan; thy father face against them.

was an “Amorite, and thy mother an e Hit8 And I will make the land desolate, tite. because they have * committed a trespass, 4 And as 'for thy nativity, in the day saith the Lord God.

thou wast born, thy navel was not cut, CHAP. XVI.

neither wast thou washed in water to supThe original state of Jerusalem is shewn under the emblein of|ple thee; thou wast not salted at all, &nor an exposed infant, 1–5; whom God is represented, as rescu-l swaddled at all. ing, educating, espousing, and richly providing for, 6–14; but she commits the most abandoned and multiplied adulteries, 15 5 None eye pitied thee, to do any of -34: 43. Her crimes shewn to equal those of her mother, the Hit- these unto thee, to have compassion upon 44-53. Yet at length she will be received to favor, and be thee; ' but thou wast cast out in the open deeply ashamed of ber base conduct, 60–63.

field, to the loathing of thy person, in the unto me, 2 Son of man, Jerusalem to 3:7. Jobo 8:44. Eph. 2:3.

Or, when I looked upon thee. know her babominations;

* Heb. cutting out, or, habita-g Lam. 2:20. marg. 22. Luke h i Kings 19:17. Is. 24:18. Jer. Zepb. 1:18. * Heb. trespassed a trespass.

Kings 21:26. 2 Kings 21:11.

A GALD, the word, of the Lord came day that thou wast born,

C 45. 21:30. Josh. 24:14. Is.
Matt. 3:7. 11:24. Luke

John 3:10.

Deut. 5:6. 15:15. Josh. 24:2. Neb. 9:7–9. Hos. 2:3. Acts 7:6, 7.



48:43,44. Am. 5:19, 9:1-4. i 6:7. 7:4. 11:10. 20.38,42,44. 2 Chr. 36:14-16. Ps. 9:16.

a 20:4. 22:2. 23:36. 33:7. Is. k 6:14. 14:13–21. 33.29. Is. 58:1. Hos. 8:1. 6:11. 24.3-12. Jer. 25:10,11. b 8:3_-17.

tion. Is. 51:1,2,

2:7,12. d Gen. 15:16. Deut. 20:17. 1b Ex. 2:6. Is. 49:15. Lam. 2:

11,12,19. 4:3,4,10. e Ezra 9:1.

i Gen. 21:10. Ex. 1:22. Num. f 20:8,13. Gen. 15:13. Ex. 1: 19:16. Jer. 9:21,22. 22:19. 11-14. 2:23, 24. 5:16-21.

V.6–8. The nation of Israel, of which the dry fuel to the flames: and when the Lord sets inhabitants of Jerusalem were the chief, was, his face against them, they will go from one in respect of other nations, as the vine in re-fire to another, till they be consumed. (Notes, spect of the trees of the forest. Other nations Matt. 3:7–10. Heb. 6:7,8.) Let us then bowere renowned for arts and arms, and became ware of an unfruitful profession of the gospel: eminent and formidable, and the Lord used let us come to Christ and “abide in him," and them iu his providence as he saw good: but seek to have "his words abide in us:" then Israel was his vine, from which he looked for shall we bring forth much fruit, glorify God, the fruits of spiritual worship and holy obedi- and be approved as true disciples of the Lord ence. They, however, proved unfruitful, or | Jesus; whilst the unfruitful branches will be brought forth poisonous berries like the wild | broken off, gathered together, and cast into vine. (Marg. Ref. f.-Notes, Is. 5:1–7.) He the fire. would'therefore at present make no lise of them, except as fuel to the fire of bis indigna

NOTES. tion, that his justice might be glorified in their Chap. XVI. V.2. Ezekiel prophesied in Chalpunishment. By the ruin of the ten tribes, || dea; but his predictions chiefly related to the and the preceding judgments executed upon Jews in their own land, and tended to corrobJirdah, both ends of the vine were already || prate those of Jeremiah; and Jeremiah, whilst burned, and the Lord did not mean to pre- he prophesied at Jerusalem, sent messages to serve the middle. He had set his face against the captives. (Notes. Jer. 29:) Thus the two Jerusalem and Judah, as an adversary; and || prophets assisted each other, by this apparent the people would be consumed by one calami- | interference with one another's work.-In the ty after another, till the land should be ut- | foregoing chapter, the conduct of God towards terly desolated. (Marg. and Marg. Ref. g-k. the Jews had been justified, by shewing that -Notes, 17:3–10. 20:45–48. Ps. 87: P. O.) they were an unfruitful vine: yet this was not

the worst of them by far; for the horrible PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS.

crimes committed by them merited the sever

est punishinents. But pride and self-flattery The condescension of God to the infirmity | rendered the people blind to all the abominaof his servants, in satisfying them concerning tions which filled Jerusalem: these the prophthe equity and propriety of his dealings with let was to represent to them by a parable, that sinners, is very great.-Men are very prone to they might see themselves as in a glass, and value themselves on those distinctions and ad- || discover what manner of persons they were. vantages, which, not being productive of suita- || (Marg. Ref.-Notes, 20:4. Is. 58:1,2.) ble effects on their hearts and lives, render V. 3–5. The subsequent allegory, or parthem doubly criminal. Unholy professors of || able, immediately related to the nation of Isevangelical truth, and hypocritical worship- rael; but, as that was the visible church of pers of the true God, are, in his judgment, the God, and a type of his true people, it has genrefuse of the human species; for they dishon- || erally been accommodated to the case of indior his name more than other sinners do, and | vidual believers: yet, unless this be done with will be rendered by him proportionably con- great caution, very erroneous and injurious temptible. No eminence in other endowments conclusions may be deduced from it. For can avail them any thing; for fruitfulness in every one must perceive the absurdity of supgood works is the proper excellency of a pro- | posing, that true believers, after conversion, fessed Christian: and indeed, in all other | actually run into all the enormous wickedness things the church has generally been eclipsed | described in this allegory; so as to exceed in by the people of the world. When the wor- every abomination the worst enemies of relishippers of God, therefore, do not glorify him, I gion.-The prophet was commanded to readorn the gospel, and serve their generation, miud Jerusalem of her base and mean original. by their holy lives; they are condenived as ref- It is evident, that the beginning relates to the use wood, as thorns and briers, and prove as II whole nation of Israel; but afterwards a dis

6 And when I passed by thee, and saw | over thee, and covered thy nakedness: yea, thee * polluted in thine own blood, I said PI sware unto thee, and entered into a COFunto thee when thou wast in thy blood, enant with thee, saith the Lord God, and

Live; yea, I said unto thee when thou thou becamest mine. wust in thy blood, Live.

9 Then 4 washed I thee with water, 7 I have t caused thee to multiply as yea, I throughly washed away thy blood the bud of the field, and thou hast increas- from thee, and I 'anointed thee with oil. ed and waxen great, and thou art come to 10 1 clothed thee also with broidered I excellent ornaments: thy breasts are fash- work, and shod thee with badgers' skin, ioned, and thine hair is grown, whereas and * I girded thee about with fine linen, thou wast naked and bare.

and I y covered thee with silk. 8 Now when I passed by thee, and 11 I decked thee also with ornaments, looked upon thee, behold, thy time was and ? I put bracelets upon thy hands, and the time of love; and I spread my skirt || a chain on thy neck.

k Ex. 2:24, 25. 3:7,8. Acts 7:34. • Or, trodden under foot. Is.

14:19. 51:23. Mie. 7. 10. Matt.
5:13. Heb. 10:29. Rev. 14:20.
1 20:5—10. Ex. 19:4-6. Deut.
9:4,5. Ps. 105, 10_15,26-37.
John 5:25. Rom. 9:15. Eph.
2:4,5. Tit. 3:3--7.
| Heb. made thee a million
Gen, 22:17. Ez. 1:7. 12:37.

Acts 7.17.
Heb. ornament of orna-

ments. 10–13,16. Ex. 3:22.
Deot. 4:8. 32:10-14. 33:26
29. Neh. 9:18-25. Ps. 135:
4. 147:20. 143:14. 149:2-4.
13. 61:10. 62:3.
m 22. Job 1:21. Hos. 2:3,9,10.

Rev. 3:17,18.
n 6. Deut. 7.6. 1 Sam. 12:22.
Is. 41:8,9. 43:4. 63:7-9. Jer.
2:2,3. 31:3. Hos. 11:1. Mal. 1:

2.3. Rom. 5:8. 9:10-13.
o Ruth 3:9.

p 20:5,6. Ex. 19.4–8. 24:1- Luke 15:22 Rev. 91.2
8. 32:13. Deut. 4:31. Jer. 2: t 13,18. Ex. 23:5 1 Pet 334
2,3. 31:32. Hos. 2:18-20. u Ex. 25.5. 20:14.
94. 36:25,

Ps. 51:7. Is. 4.4. » Ex. 39:27,28. Rer, 79_1
John 13.810. 1 Cor. 6:11. 19.8.
10:2. Heb. 9:10-14. Rev. 1: 1 y Gen. 41:42. marg. Pror. $!

22. Rev. 18:12 Heb. bloods. 6.

2 Gen. 24:22,47,53. r Ps. 23:5. 2 Cor. 1:21. 1 John a Gen. 41:42. Prev. 1-9. 9. 2:20,27.

Capt. 1:10. 4.9. Is 3:18. Dan. $ 7, Ps. 45:13,14. Is. 6):3,10. 5:7, 10, 29.

tinction is made between Jerusalem and Sa- | This is repeated, the more deeply to fix the maria.- Jerusalem, though at length "the holy reader's attention to that circumstance. Nothcity," was originally built by the Canaanites;ing in the character of Israel deserved his faand generally inhabited by the Jebusites, vor or attracted his esteem; but every thing who were descended from Canaan, till David was suited to excite his abhorrence and to took it. (Noles, Gen. 10:15–19. Judg. 1:21. 2| merit his indignation: yet from mere compasSam. 5:6-8.) Yet Jerusalein's "birth and na- || sion and good-will be preserved the nation. tivity of the land of Canaan,” refers rather to Notes, 20:5–9. Deut. 9:4-6. Eph. 2:4-10. Tit

. the inhabitants than to the city itself. Abra- | 2:4—7.) He spake with power; and by his ham and Sarah, the ancestors of Israel, had word he restrained the rage of their Egyptian originally been idolaters, as the Hittites and oppressors, and at length redeemed Israel from Amorites were: (Note, Josh. 24:2.) and their bondage. By his blessing they had multiplied posterity, when they had expelled these na-exceedingly in Egypt: at length they were tions, and possessed their land, seemed to be brought forth with an out-stretched arın, and their descendants, as resembling them in formed into a powerful nation, under rulers character and conduct. (Notes, Matt. 3:7–10. and princes of their own. The Lord also John 8:37–40. Rom. 4:9–17.)- Thou boastest | adorned them with “ornament of ornameots," “to be the seed of Abrahani, but thou art de- || (marg.) that is, most abundant ornaments, by “generate, and followest the abominations of giving them his righteous laws and statutes; 'The wicked Canaanites, as children do the and setting up his tabernacle, and manifesting 'manners of their fathers.'-The nativity of his power and presence among them; by the Israel, as a distinct people, may be dated from ark of the covenant, the pillar of fire and cloud, the time when the family of Jacob was multi- | the solemnities of mount Sinai, and the mirplied into a nation. But, at this period, they acles which he wrought for them. (Marg. and were reduced to abject slavery, and cruelly | Marg. Ref. m, n.) Thus the out-cast infant oppressed; they drudged in the brick-kilns, and grew up to be a marriageable woman, of comely were covered with the clay; their male chil- | form and excellently decorated: that is, Israel dren were ordered to be slain or exposed; they was prepared to be admitted into covenant with were apparently deserted of God, and in gen-God, and espoused to him to bring up children eral forgetful of him, and polluted with the to him. This he had in view from the first: idolatries, superstitions, and vices of their op- when he passed by, and saw the perishing pressors. (Marg. and Marg. Ref:

-Notes, 20: out-cast, it was "a time of love;" he intended 5–9. 23:3. 'Er. 1:14–22. 5:12–23. Ps. 68:13. first to be a father, and then a Husband upto 81:6.) Thus

the new-born uation, (so to speak,) || her: so that "he spread his skirt orer her," was like an infant, which was cast out and ex- (Note, Ruth 3:9.) and espoused her to hinself

, posed, according to the barbarous custom of covering the shame of her former destitute ancient times, and of many heathen nations at condition, taking her under his immediate prothis day; which had none to wash, cleanse, and tection, and ennobling her by this high and clothe it, or do any thing for it; but was left, as honorable relation. Marg. Ref: p. Voles, 23: unpitied and loathed, to perish in the day on 4. Cant. 3:11. Jer. 2:2,3. 31:31–34. Hos. 1:2,3.) which it was born.-- This was an apt repre-This covenant was confirmed with an oath, or sentation of the wretched and perilous con- engagement to fidelity, and thus Israel became dítion of Israel in Egypt: and it is also a strik- the Lord's peculiar people. And, as a wife ing emblem of our original state of sin and (especially when taken from so destitute a sitmisery. (Notes, Eph. 2:1-3. Tit. 3:3.) uation, and favored in so extraordinary a man

V. 6-8. Whilst this perishing infant layner,) is bound to the most unreserved fidelity, defiled and trampled on in its blood, a loath-lobedience, love, and regard to her husband; soine as well as a pitiable object; the Lord so Israel was bound by every possible obligapassed by, beheld is with compassion, and said tion to a devoted attachment to God, and an to it, “Live." (Marg. and Mary. Ref. k, 1.- entire dependence on him, as his holy worshipNotes, Er. 2:5–9. Luke 10:30-37, vv. 30–34.) || pers and obedient servants.

12 And I put a jewel on thy forehead, || els of my gold and of my silver, which I and ear-rings in thine ears, and a beau- had given thee, and madest to thyself intiful crown upon thine head.

ages of men, and didst commit whore13 Thus wast thou decked with golddom with them, and silver; and thy raiment was of fine 18 And P tookest thy broidered garlinen, and silk, and broidered work; thouments, and coveredst them: and thou hast didst eat fine flour, and honey, and oil: set mine oil and mine incense before e and thou wast exceeding beautiful, fand them. thou didst prosper into a kingdom.

19 My 9 meat also which I gave thee, 14 And thy renown went forth among fine flour, and oil, and honey, wherewith I the heathen for thy beauty: for it was per- | fed thee, thou hast even set it before them fect " through my comeliness, which I had for a sweet savor: and thus it was, saith put upon thee, saith the Lord God. the Lord God.

15 | But i thou didst trust in thine own 20 Moreover thou hast taken 'thy sons beauty, and playedst the harlot because and thy daughters, whom thou hast born of thy renown, and pouredst out thy for- | unto me, sand these hast thou sacrificed nications on every one that passed by; his unto them to be devoured. 'Is this of it was.

thy whoredoms a small matter, 16 And Mof thy garments thou didst 21 That thou hast slain my children, take, and deckedst thy high places with di- and delivered them to cause them " to pass vers colors, and playedst the harlot there through the fire for them? upon: the like things shall not come, nei- 22 And in all thine abominations and ther shall it be so.

thy whoredoms, * thou hast not remember17 Thou hast also taken thy fair jew-led the days of thy youth, when thou wast

naked and bare, and wast polluted in thy 2. Jer. 7:4. Mic. 3:11. Zeph. || blood. 23 And it came to pass after all thy

2 Kings

• Heb. nose. Gen. 24:22. marg. h 1 Cor. 4:7. Is. 3:21.

i 33:13. Deut. 32:15. Is. 48:1, b Gen. 35:4. Ex. 32:2. 35:22. Num. 31:50. Judg. 8:24. Job 3.11. Matt. 3.9. 42 11. Pror. 25:12. Hos. 2:13. k 20.8. 23:3,8,11,12,&c. Ex. 32: c Lev. 8.9. Esth. 2:17. Is. 28: 6,&c. Num. 25:1,2, Judg. 2:

5. Lam. 3:16. Rev. 2:10. 4:4,10. 12,13, 3:6. 10:6, 1 Kings 11: d 19. Deut. 8:8. 32:13,14. Ps. 5-8. 12:28. 2 Kings 17:7,&c. 81:16. Hos 2:5.

21:3-11. Ps. 106:35-39. Is. e 14,15. Ps. 43:2. 50:2. 13. 64: 1:21. 57:8. Jer. 2:20,23-28. 11. Jer. 13:20.

3:1,2,6,20. Hos. 1.2. 4:10-14. f Geo. 17.6. 1 Sam. 12:12,13. Rev. 17.5. 2 Sam. 2:15 1 Kings 4:21. I 25,36,37. Ezra 4:20. 5:11.

m 17,18. 7:20. 2 Kings 23:7. g Deut. 4:6-3,32--38. Josh. 2: 2 Cbr. 28:24. Hos. 2:8. 9-11. 9:6.-9.1 Kings 10:1, 7:19. 23:14,&c. Ex. 32:1&e, 24. 2 Chr. 2:11,12.

4. Hos. 2:13. 10:1.

+ Heb, a male.

s 20:26,31. 23:37,39. ols. 44:19,20. 57:7,8. Jer. 2:


Ps. 106:37,38, Is. 57:5. 27,23. 3:9.

Jer. 7:31. 32:35. Mic. 6:7. p 10.

Heb. devour.
See on 13.-Deut. 32:14-17. i 8:17. Jer 2:34,35,
Hos. 2:8-13.

u Lev. 18:21. 20:1-5. Deut. Heb. a savor of rest. Gen. 18:10. 2 Kings 17:17, 21:6. 8:21. marg.

23:10, r 21. 23:4. Gen. 17:7. Ex. 13:3-7,43,60–63. Jer. 2:2. Hos. 2,12. Deut. 29.11,12.

2:3. 11:1.

V. 9–14. These verses (continuing the al- led to be a princess, whose ornaments, raiment, legory of an out-cast infant, which a traveller and provisions were suited to her high and sees, and pities, and takes care of,) enumer- distinguished rank. (Marg. and Marg. Ref. sate the several benefits conferred on Israel, f.-Gen. 24:22,53.-Notes, Deut. 32:13,14. Prov. from their low estate in Egypt, to the height || 1:9. Is. 3:18–26, vv. 18—23. 61:10,11. Eph. 5:22 of their prosperity and greatness in the days 1 -27.)- Israel from the most abject state beof David and Solomon.-The washing with came a powerful kingdom, renowned among water might refer to the frequent ablutions, the nations, for the wise and equitable adminand purifications appointed by the ceremonialistration of their princes, the excellence of their Jaw; but it included all the methods, which the laws, and the prosperity and happiness of the Lord used to render Israel a holy nation, to people: this was wholly owing to "the comelipurge them from the idolatries and defilernents Dess" or honor which the Lord had “put upon of Egypt, and to prepare them for his spiritual them;" and it rendered thein a complete patworship and service. (Marg. and Marg: Ref

: q.) | tern for other nations to copy after. (Marg. The anointing with oil, though employed on Ref. g, h.-Notes, Deut. 4:6–8. 1 Kings 4:29 festive occasions, or preparing women for their 34. 10:1–9,24–27. 2 Chr. 2:11,12. Ps. 48:1nuptials on some occasions, (Ruth 3:3. Esth. 3.). In this, the case differs from the espousals 2:12. Is. 57:9.) may yet refer to the holy oil used of the meanest woman to the mightiest monin the consecration of the priests and the ves- arch: she may owe all her rank and ornaments sels of the sanctuary; and it signified the gifts to him; but lier beauty must be the gift of the and graces bestowed on numbers, for the ed-Creator.—No doubt this is emblematical of a ification and benefit of the nation, in order to sinner's conversion, and of the believer's privtheir consecration to the Lord. (Marg. Ref. r.) || ileges; but the external means, or the signs, ot The various ornaments afterwards mentioned, spiritual blessings, rather than the blessings wbich doubtless accorded to the attire of fe-themselves, must be intended, as it is spoken males of the highest rank in those times, rep- l of Israel as a nation.—'As the child is always resented Israel's settlement and prosperity in i'washed with water as soon as born, (4,9.) is Canaan; the wealth, power, and honor to i 'not this referred to by the use of water in which they were advanced, especially under Christian baptism, as ihe emblem of regenDavid and Solomon; the building and enrich- | eration?' Mede. ing of the temple; and all the temporal and V. 15–22. Adultery in all cases has always, spiritual benefits, by which the Lord distin- l in every country, been deemed a very heinous guished them as a people dear unto him. So offence, and it was by the law of God a capital that the exposed in fani, being rescued and ed-criine: but it would be peculiarly aggravated in ucated, and espoused to the Lord, was advanc- a woman, who had been favored and advapced

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