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'seduced my people, saying, “ Peace, and || and it shall fall, and ye shall be consumed there was no peace; and one built up *a || in the midst thereof; e and ye shall know wali, and, lo, * others daubed it with un- | that I am the LORD. tempered mortar:

| 15 Thus will I accomplish my wrath 11 Say unto them which daub it with upon the wall, and upon them that have untempered mortar, that it shall fall: Y there | daubed it with antempered mortar; and shall be an overflowing shower; and ye, O | will say unto you, 'The wall is no more, great hailstones, shall fall; and a stormy neither they that daubed it; wind shall rend it.

16 To wit, the prophets of Israel which 12 Lo, when the wall is fallen, shall it prophesy concerning Jerusalem, and which not be said unto you, ? Where is the daub- || % see visions of peace for her, and there is ing wherewith ye have daubed it?

| no peace, saith the Lord God. 13 Therefore thus saith the Lord God,

(Practical Observations.] I will even rend it with ^ a stormy wind in | 17 ( Likewise, thou son of man, i set my fury; and there shall be an overflowing thy face against the daughters of thy peoshower in mine anger, b and great hailstones ple, which prophesymout of their own in my fury to consume it.

| heart; and prophesy thou against them, 14 So will I break down the wall, that| 18 And say, Thus saith the Lord God; ye have daubed with untempered mortar, Woe to the women that sew pillows to all and bring it down to the ground, so that armholes, and make kerchiefs upon the

the foundation thereof shall be discovered; head of every stature to Phunt souls! W i 2 Kings 21.9. Prov. 12:26. 7,8. Matt. 7:25,27. Luke 6: live hunt the souls of my people, and a will Jer. 23:13—15. 1 Tim. 4:1. 48,49. 2 Tim. 3:13." i John 2:26. z Deut. 32:37, Judg. 9:38. 10:|| ye save the souls alive that come unto you?

Rey. 2:20.

14. 2 Kings 3:13. Jer. 2:28. u 16. Is. 57:21. Jer. 4:10. 6:14. 29.31,32. 37:19. Lam. 2:14,15. || d Jer. 6:15. 8:12. 14:15. 23:15. m 2. Rev. 220, 8:15. 14:13. 23:17. 23:9. Mal. a Lev. 26:28. Ps. 107:25. 143: e 9,21,23. 14:8.

n 3. 3.15. 8. Jer. 23:19. Jon. 1:4.

f Neh. 4:3. Ps. 62:3. Is. 30:13. - 10,16. Jer. 4:10. 6:14. 2 Tim. . Or, a slight wall.

| b Ex. 9:13–29. Ps. 18:12, 13. 1 g 10. Jer. 6:14. 8:11. 28:9. 4:3. x 22:28. 2Chr. 18:12. Is. 30:10. 105:32. 148:8. Is. 30:30. Rey. h Is. 48:22. 57:20,21.

It Or, elbows. Jer. 5:31. Mic. 2:11. 8:7. 11:1916.21. i 4:3. 20:46. 21:2.

P 22:25. Eph. 4.14. 2 Pet. 2 38:22. Job 27:21. Ps. 11:6. c Ps. 11:3. Mic. 1:6. Hab. 3:13. II k Is. 3:16,&c. 4:4. 13:13,14. 32:6. Is. 25:4. 23:2, Luke 6:49. 1 Cor. 3:11-15. ) Judg. 44. 2 Kings 22:14. 22. 15-18. 29:6. 32:19. Nah, 1.3,

Luke 2:36. 2 Pet. 2:1.

therefore declared, that they should not be in over with mortar made of bad materials, and the assembly of Israel: either they would be- || not properly mixed or tempered: and they coine open apostates; or they would be detect- should they expect that such a wall would proed and excommunicated, or cut off by death. tect them, or that a house built of such walls Their names also would be expunged from the would serve for a secure habitation. Marg. registers of the house of Israel; and their fam- | Ref. x.-Note, 5.)-The people supposed themilies should either be extinct, or not be able to selves safe from the assaults of the Chaldeans; claim any inheritance among those who re because they vainly presumed, that, as the peoturned from captivity; which would be an em- ll ple of God, he was engaged by covenant to blein of their exclusion from heaven, as not preserve them; not considering that they had having their names written in the book of life. I forfeited the blessing by their crimes: and the (Marg. Ref. 9-S.-Notes, Ezra 2:61–64. Ps. prophets labored to varnish over these pre69:22-28. Is. 4:3,4. Rev. 13:8-10.) "They suinptuous expectations, by a variety of spe'shall not be inembers of the church here, nor cious pretences. But the Lord by his prophet Spartake of the communion of saints in heav- || assured them, that this worthless wall should Sen. The Hebrew word Sod signifies a secret certainly fall down, notwithstanding all their 'assembly, or privy council, such as are ac- daubing. A tremendous inundation with very "quainted with the most inward thoughts, and large hailstones would tear away all the un'secret intent of a prince: and froin thence it is tenipered mortar, and the stormy wind would 'applied to God's chosen people, those that are rend the wall itself. This storm, arising from 'acquainted with "the whole counsel of God," his righteous indignation, would level the wall “and whom he instructs by the secret direc-il to the ground and destroy its foundations, and 'tions of his lloly Spirit. Loroth. (Marg.- consume those who built it, or sheltered themNotes, Ps. 25:14. Jer. 23:18.)

selves under it, in its own destruction. (Marg. V. 10–16. The peculiar guilt of the false Ref. y-C.-Notes, 1 Kings 20:29,30. Is. 28:17 prophets consisted, 'in seducing the worship-1-19. Matt. 7:24–27. Ron. 10:1-4.)-That is, pers of God into idolatry and iniquity, and en- | the Lord would send the Chaldeans to besiege couraging them to harden themselves in im- and destroy Jerusalem, and desolate Judah; penitence; by assuring them of peace and pros- they would come with such force and fury, as perity, at the very time when divine judgments the Jews could by no means withstand; and were about to be poured out upon them. their success would confute the lying predic(Marg. Ref. t, 11.-Notes, 17-23, v. 22. Jer. 4:10. tions of the prophets, and subvert the false 6:13–15. 14:13–16. 23:13–17.) In this man- | hopes of the people. When these events should ner, perhaps some one of them courted the take place, the false prophets would be refavor of the people; and the rest, finding him proached, and taunted with their folly and precaressed and followed, supported bis false pre- sumption; till the Lord had accomplished his dictions by their confident assertions and vain wrath upon them: and then those who trusted reasonings. (Note, 1 Kings 22:13,14.) Thus them, would be reminded by God and his they acted, as if a man were to build a slight ! prophets, that "the wall was no more, neither wall (10. marg.) with loose stones, or bricks they that daubed it.” (Marg. Ref. d g .. without cement; and others should labor to Notes, 22:25—30.)-Ye, O great hailstones, &c. give it an appearance of stability, by daubing it (11) Or rather, “I will send great hailstones;

19 And will ye 'pollute me among my || hunted; ? and ye shall know that I am the peoples for handfuls of barley and for Lord. pieces of bread, t to slay the souls that l 22 Because a with lies ye have made should not die, and u to save the souls alive the heart of the righteous sad, whom I have that should not live, by your lying to my not made sad; "and strengthened the hands people that hear your lies?

|| of the wicked, that he should not returc. 20 Wherefore thus saith the Lord God; || from his wicked way, † by promising him Behold, I am against your pillows, where- || life: with ye there hunt the souls * to make them 23 Therefore d ye shall see no more fly, and I will tear them from your arms, vanity, nor divine divinations; e for I will Y and will let the souls go, even the souls deliver my people out of your hand,' and Urat ye hunt to make them fy.

ye shall know that I am the LORD, 2i Your kerchiefs also will I tear, and

z See on 9. deliver my people out of your hand, and 1. 9. Lam. 2:11–14.

| Mic. 3:6,7. Zech. 13:3,4. 2

b Jer. 23:14. 27:14-17. 28:16. Tim. 3:9. they shall be no more in your hand to be 28:32. r 20.39. 22:26.

u Jer. 23:14,17. . Proy. 28:21. Mic. 3:5,11. x 8,9,15,16.

'life. Heb. by quickening / 5,8. 15:2. t 22. Rom. 14:15. i Cor. 8:11. 1 y 2 Tim. 3:8.9.

c 16. Gen. 3:4,5. Jer. 6:14. 8:

a 9:4. Jer. 4:10. 14:13-17. 23:

11. 23:17. 2 Pet. 2:18,19. d 6,&c. 12:24. Deut. 18:20.

Or. that I should save his

e 21. 34:10. Matt. 24:24. 1 Cor. 11:19. Rev. 12:9,11. 13:

Rom. 16:18. 2 Pet. 2:2,3.

Or, into gurdens.


9.21. 14:8. 15:7.

they shall fall; and the storm of a whirlwind 21. Nic. 3:5–7. Acts 8:18–24.) They likewise shall rend it.”'

attempted to terrify, with denunciations of V. 17-23. As the Lord endued some women wrath, those pious persons who refused to with the Spirit of prophecy; so there were bribe them; as if life and death, heaven and hell, others who pretended to it from secular mo- were at their disposal! By these artifices they tives. (Marg. Ref. I, m.-Neh. 6:14.) But the worked upon the fears and hopes of those, who prophet was ordered to set his face against attended to their lies. But the Lord declared, them also, and to charge them with "prophe- that he was "against thein," and all their signs sying out of their own heart.”-As a token of and charins with which they terrified souls, to the peace and security which they promised, cause them to fly into their entangling vet: and they sewed pillows to their own arm-holes, or he would certainly tear them from them, ex"elbows," and to the arm-holes or elbows of pose them to shame, and deliver the people those who consulted them; intimating that from their influence and power: because their they might indulge and repose themselves in lies counteracted the intention and tendency of security, for no enemy would disturb them. his word; by distressing the ininds of upright, (Marg. and Marg. Ref. o.)-The meaning of godly men, or grieving them, while they saw the kerchiefs, or coverings, which they putGod dishonored and souls deceived: whereas “upon the head of every stature,” (or of per-| the whole revealed will of God tended to ensons of every age indiscriminately,) is not so courage such persons, and to make them joyevident. Some think that they were ornaments, | ful. On the other haud, their divinations tendwith which they decorated those who consult-|| ed to harden and embolden wicked men, by ed thein, in token of victory and triumph. encouraging them to expect peace and safety Others slippose, that this was spoken figura-il in their evil ways; contrary to the express dec. tively, for their hood-winking them, or keeping larations of God, that there is no peace for the them in the dark by their delusions. But prob- wicked.” (Marg. and Marg. Ref. a-c.) He ably it was some superstitious observance, a would therefore speedily terminate their delukind of ainulet or charm, which they employed sions, and deliver his people, and so make his to entice the people into their snares. These power and glory known to all concerned.... women for lucre would ... tell every man his 'To slay and to make alive, signify here to prom'fortune, giving them pillows to lean on, and 'ise men life, or threaten them with death: (22) 'kerchiofs to cover their head; to the intent they 'so the prophet saith, he “came to destroy the "might the more allure them.' So that they 'city," (43:3.) that is, to pronounce the sentence “hunted their souls:" and, as it seems probable, l 'of destruction upon it. Lowth. not only promised the nation deliverance from the Chaldeans; but professed to protect by PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. some spell, the lives of those who applied to

V. 1–16. them; nay, even to save their souls, by some Many possess great subtlety and sagacity, absolution or indulgence which they vended. | who are utterly destitute of true wisdom: and, "The easterns had, and still have, frequent am- | whilst the world admires their talents, the "ulets and ribands of charms, which they put | Lord brands them as "fools." This is most principally at their hands and heads. Such awfully the case with numbers, who make the 'charms these female prophets fabricated, and, !| sacred ministry a step to worldly consequence 'as appears, attributed to them the power of and affluence. They profess to speak in the “preserving the life of those who wore them, | name of God; but have seen nothing of his and of bringing death on their enemies.' Mi-| glory, of the evil of sin, the worth of souls, the chaelis. (Note, Matt. 23:5—7.) Thus they en- li glory and preciousness of Christ, the way of tangled the people in their deceptions, as if salvation, or the beauty of holiness: they folthey could save the lives and souls of men; || low their owo fancies, human traditions, or without any respect to their conduct and char- || Satan's illusions; and then ascribe the whole acter. They seem to have been a company of to the God of truth: they are subtle, rapacious, fortune-tellers; who polluted or profaned the and insinuating, in winding themselves into name of God, by pretending to sell his gifts at favor and preferment, and pursuing “filthy the most contemptible price; and to deal in lucre;" but they are sure to do immense misdivination, and such like iinpositions, as have cbief in the fold and vineyard of the Lord. in every age found eager purchasers. (Marg. |(.Notes, Is. 56:9-12. Rom. 16:17–20. Tit. 1:10 and Märg. Ref. p-2. - Noles, 22:25. Prov. 28: 1-13. 1 Pet. 5:1-4. 2 Pet. 2:1--3,12—16. Jude


ments on many, in order to the reformation of Israel, 6-11. No righteousness of a few individuals would avert the judge ments of famine, noisome beasts, sword, or pestilence, from A guilty land; much less these four sore judgments from Jerosa. lem, '12-21. A promise that a remnant stould be preserved, for the instruction and comfort of the captives, 22, 23.

The elders, who inquired of God, while their hearts were set

on idols, are sharply reproved, and warned, 1–5. A call to repentance; with threatenings of temporal and spiritual judg-||

11-13.) Instead of standing in the gap to turn who repent and believe the gospel; yet he asaway his indignation from the people, by their sures us, that "he who believeth not, shall be prayers, holy examples, and zealous endeavors | damned;” and “without holiness no man shall to promote true godliness; they widen the see the Lord.” breach, by their wicked lives and erroneous

V. 17-23. doctrines, their soothing and flattering delu- || sions, which cause men to think themselves What manifold ways bas Satan of deceiving deserving of eternal life, even when “the wrath souls! yet because men are so much more disof God abideth on them.” Numbers follow the posed to believe soothing lies, than humbling “pernicious ways" of such false teachers, "byl and awakсning truths; none of his schemes or reason of whom the way of truth is evil spoken instruments, from the wretched fortune-teller of;" and many are seduced to expect the ac- l to the learned heresiarch, are utterly unsuccomplishment of their unscriptural assertions. cessful. The various descriptions of deceivers, But the Lord is against them, and has not sent who revile or despise each other, agree in them: they shall not be “written among the li promising happiness to those whom the word righteous," nor share the heavenly inheritance: lof God condeinns; and in discouraging and “because, even because, they seduce" the pro-llgrieving those whom it comforts. The masses, fessed worshippers of God, and promise men indulgences, and protections of the church of peace and salvation, without conversion, faith, Rome, and their anathemas and excommunior holiness.-But indeed there are numerous cations of those as heretics, whom they cannot ways, by which one heresiarch "builds up ahunt into their net; ( Note, Rev. 13:13-17.) the wall, and others daub it with untempered mor pretended candor of numbers to men of alinost tar.” Some teach men to expect safety from every opinion, except those who steadily proa comparative decency of moral character; | fess an 'attachment to the doctrines of scripsome on account of formal or superstitious ob ture; and the delusion of such as connect salservances; some because they belong to an or vation with any kind of faith, and revile those thodox part of the church, and have got gen as Pharisees, who judge of the tree by the eral notions of certain important doctrines;|| fruits: all these, and many others, produce the some because of their impressions and enthu-|| same effects, in grieving and perplexing upsiastic reveries; and others even by a direct right Christians, and jn "strengthening the perversion of the gospel, and encouraging men hands of sinners, that they should not return to "sin on that grace may abound." Each ofl from their wicked ways.”—But confident and these descriptions can find specious reasonings, ! mercenary impostors are too numerous to be or a few detached texts of scripture, plausibly particularly exposed. Some men's boasts and misinterpreted, to countenance their delusions: pretensions would almost persuade one, that (Note, 2 Pet. 3:14-16.) and men of learning ||health, life, and salvation were at their dispoand ingenuity frequently employ themselves sal; in order that they might enrich themselves in daubing these tottering walls "with untem- || by turning the gift of God into ready money: pered mortar," to prevent their weakness from and the chief difference between modern and being discovered. But they are all alike dis- ancient pretenders seems to be, that the former tant from Christ the true Foundation: they expect a more valuable recompense, than build not on him by a penitent "faith, which | “handfuls of barley and pieces of bread:” and worketh by love," and produces obedience; the signs or means, which some of them em(Notes, 1 Cor. 3:10–15. Gal. 5:1-6.) they ei-l ploy, are at least as ridiculous, as those used ther leave out his mérits and atonement, or the by ihese ancient prophetesses; and like them work of his new-creating Spirit, or the sub-laptly shew, how they dupe and hoodwink their stantial fruits of righteousness; and in differ- votaries, and "hunt souls into their net." Thus, ent ways endeavor to varnish, paint, and repair for a time they may, and sometimes do, entanthe old building, instead of erecting a new onegle even the people of God; but "he will delivon a new foundation, for "an habitation of Goder them out of their hands." They pollute the through the Spirit.” How fair soever the wall, | name of God, by using it to sanction their thus run up and daubed, may appear to the mercenary impositions, and by covering them carnal eye, it will seldom stand the storm of over with a profession of religion: but he will temptation or persecution; and it will afford no vindicate his own glory, and make their folly shelter in the approaching tempest of death and wickedness evident to all men: and though and judgment: then the justice and vengeance numbers are deluded and amused to their of God will rend it in pieces, and destroy it to ruin; yet it will at last appear, that none were the ground; and "great will be the fall of it,” thus fatally duped, except such as hated the and the ruin of all who have got under it for trutli "and had pleasure in unrighteousness.” shelter. (Notes, Is. 8:16-20.) Nor will any(Note, 2 Thes. 2:8-12.) It, however, behoves of the human species be so loaded with igno- Christians to keep close to the word of God, miny, as those who have thus seduced their and in every thing to seek the teaching of the fellow sinners to trust in a lie, to their utter Holy Spirit, and to stand aloof from whatever destruction: it shall then be inquired of them, appears suspicious. We should try every doc. “Where is your wall? and where is the daub trine and pretension by its agreement with the ing, wherewith ye daubed it?" while those scripture, and its tendency to promote vital whom they have deluded will execrate them, godliness: we should reject all, which tends to more than ever they admired and commended discourage the humble believer, or to encourthem. Let us therefore beware of those false | age the presumption of wicked men: we should prophets, (Note, Matt. 7:13–20.) who indis- | shun all superstitious observances, and rain criminately speak peace, and encourage peo inquiries into futurity; and so trust the promple of every sentiment and character to expect ises of God, as to obey his commandments, salvation; and let us remember, that though committing ourselves and all our concerns to Christ preaches peace to those, near or far off, the keeping of his grace and providence

THEN came * certain of the elders of || 6 Therefore say unto the house of Israel, 1 Israel unto me, band sat before me. Thus saith the Lord God, Repent, and

2 And the word of the LORD came turn * yourselves from your idols; and unto me, saying,

m turn away your faces from all your abom3 Son of man, these men have set up inations. their idols in their heart, e and put the 7 For every one of the house of Israel, stumbling-block of their iniquity before or "of the stranger that sojourneth in Israel, their face: 'should I be inquired of at all which o separateth himself from me, P and by them?

setteth up his idols in his heart, and putteth 4 Therefore 6 speak unto them, and say || the stumbling-block of his iniquity before unto them, Thus saith the Lord God; || his face, 4 and cometh to a prophet to inEvery man of the house of Israel that set- | quire of him concerning me; I the LORD teth up his idols in his heart, and putteth will answer him 'by myself: the stumbling-block of his iniquity before 8 And I will set my face against that his face, and cometh to the prophet; Il man, and will make him ta sign and a the LORD will answer him that cometh ac- || proverb, and I will cut him off from the cording to the multitude of his idols: midst of my people; ' and ye shall know

5 That 'I may take the house of Israel that I am the LORD. in their own heart, because they are all 1 18:30. 1 Sam. 7:3. 1 Kings 1 o Hos. 4:14. 9:10. Jude 19. * estranged from me through their idols. a 8:1. 20:1. 2 Kings 6:32, Acts 28:9. Is. 1:15. Jer. 7:8-11. 11: | 5. Lam. 3:39—41. Hos. 14:1 Is. 58:1,2. Jer. 21:1,2. 37:1

8:47–49. Neb. 1:8.9. Is. 55:6, p 3,4.
7. Jer. 8:5,6. 31:18–20. 50:4, 19 33:30_32.

2 Kings 8:8,&c.

11. Zech. 7:13. Luke 20:8.

3,8. Jon. 3:7--9. Matt. 3:8 13,9,10,17. 38:14-23. b 33:31. Is. 29:13. Luke 10:3 g 2:7, 3:4.17-21,

--10. Acts 3:19. 17:30. 26:20. r 4.7.3. Acts 22:3.

7. 1 Kings 21:20.25. 2 Kings
Jam. 4:8-10.

$ 15:7. Lev. 17:10. 20:3_-6. c 1 Kings 14:4,5. Am. 3:7. 1:16. Is. 3.11. 66:4.

• Or, others.

26:17. Ps. 34:16. Jer. 21:10. d 4.7. 6.9. 11:21. 20:16. 36:25. 1990-16 06.05. . 10. Hos 10-2 i 9.10. Hos. 10:2. Zech. 7:11

Zech. 7:1-lm 4. 8:10. 16:63. 36:31,32.2

Jer. 17:1,2,9. Eph. 5:5.
14. 2 Thes. 2:9-11.

Chr. 29:6, Is. 2.20. 30:22. Jer. t 5:15. Num, 26:10. Deut. 28: e 3:20. 7:19. 44:12. Jer. 44:16- k Deut. 32:15,16. Is. 1:4. marg,

13:27. Zeph. 3:11. Rom 6: 37. Ps. 44:13,14. Is. 65:15. 13. Zeph. 1:3. 1 Pet. 2:8. Rev. Jer. 2:5,11-13,31,32, Zech.


Jer. 24:9. 29:22. 2:14.

11:8, Rom, 1:21-23,28,30. 8:

In Ex. 12:48,49. 20:10. Lev. 16: u Lev, 20:3. 22:3. Num. 19:20 f 20:3. 1 Sam. 28:6. 2 Kings 3:13. 7. Eph. 4:18. Col. 1:21. Heb. Il 29. 20.2. 24:22. Num. 15:15, 6:7, 13:23. Ps. 66:18. Prov. 15:8.29. 21:27, | 3:12.



der them contemptible and miserable: seeing Cuap. XIV. V.1-5. It is uncertain, wheth-!| they were all totally alienated from him, er these “elders of Israel” were the leading through an infatuated attachment to idolatry. persons among the captives; or, as some con _That I may deal with them according to iecture, certain elders from Jerusalem, who ||'their deserts, and thereby convince them, that had come to Babylon about business, and who I am a Searcher of hearts, and know the ... took that opportunity of seeing and hearing ll'secret wickedness of their thoughts.' Lowth. the prophet. They came, however, and sat -He shall be led with lies, according as he before him to hear his word, and to make in- •delighted therein.' (Marg. Ref.g-k.-Notes, quiries concerning the affairs of the nation. I 9-11. 7:25,26. Jer. 21:1,2. 37:1–10.),

Marg. Ref. a, b.-Notes, 20:1-3. 33:30–33. || V. 6–8.' The only way to escape the threat36:37. Probably, they appeared very graveened judgments would be, by repenting, and and devout, and gave great attention to his by "turning themselves," and endeavoring to discourse; and perhaps he was ready to shew turn one another, from all their idols and inithem respect and favor. But the Lord saw ll quities to the worship and service of God; and through their disguises, and revealed their || by turning away their faces with abhorrence true character. Notwithstanding fair appear- || from all their abominations, that they might ances, their hearts were set upon the most | look another way, and act in a contrary manaboininable and filthy jdols; they preferred the || ner. Thus, and thus only, could they expect service of them to the holy worship of God; so an answer of peace. (Marg. and Marg. Ref. 1, that these were “the stumbling-blocks," over m.-Notes, 9:3,4. 18:30–32.) For every Iswhich they fell into all kinds of iniquity; and raelite, nay, every proselyte, or stranger dwellvet instead of casting them behind their backs, lling in the land of Israel, would be dealt with they set them up before their faces, determin according to the foregoing rule. If in his heart ed to cleave to them at all events. They are any man separated from the Lord, favored not only idolaters in their heart; but they have idolatry, and looked towards that great occa(actuallĭ set up idols and worshipped them.' ||sion of iniquity; (.Notes, Gen. 19:16–22, v. 17, Louth. (Marg. Ref. c-.-Note, 7:16-19, v. ll 26. Luke 17:32.) and then, out of curiosity or a 19.j Could it then at all consist with the glory || desire to serve God and idols also, to save apof God to notice, or to give a favorable answer, Il pearances, or to obtain reputation, should conto the inquiries of such hypocrites? On the sult the prophets; the Lord would answer evecontrary, the prophet was instructed plainly to ry such inquirer, not by the mouth of his prophipform them, that the Lord himself had deter-et, but by himself and his own powerful ven

ed to answer all Israelites, without respect | geance. (Marg. Ref. n-r.) He would exeof rank or station, who came with idolatrous cute such punishment upon him, as should hearts to inquire of hin, “according to the mul- render him an example and proverb to all othtitudes of their idols;" either denouncing ven- ers; (Marg. Ref. 8, t.-Notes, Deut. 29:19–25. geance upon them proportioned to their ay- 1 Kings 9:7–9.) singling him out from his peogravated crimes, or giving them up to be delud-ple, among whom he had impiously intruded; ed to their ruin. Thus he would ensnare them and making known his own omniscience and in their own counsels, leave them to manifest omnipotence by detecting and avenging his the concealed wickedness of their hearts, shew crimes. (Marg. Ref. u, X.-Note, 15:6-8. all the world their hateful character, and ren-l\The declaration is general, and affects the VOL. IV 63


9 And Yif the prophet be deceived when || through the land, and they *spoil it, so that he hath spoken a thing, I the LORD have it be desolate, that no man may pass through deceived that prophet; ? and I will stretch | because of the beasts: out my hand upon him, and will destroy || 16 Though these three men were fin him from the midst of my people Israel. llit, 9 as I live, saith the Lord God, they

10 And they shall bear the punishment || shall deliver neither sons nor daughters; of their iniquity: 6 the punishment of the they only shall be delivered, but the land prophet shall be even as the punishment of shall be desolate. him that seeketh unto him; . | 17 Or if I bring a sword upon that

11 That the house of Israel may go no || land, and say, Sword, go through the more astray from me, a neither be polluted | land; so that I cut off man and beast any more with all their transgressions; but from it: e that they may be my people, and I may || 18 Though these three men were in it, be their God, saith the Lord God. as I live, saith the Lord God, they shall (Practical Observations.]

deliver neither sons nor daughters, but they 12 | The word of the LORD came only shall be delivered themselves. again to me, saying,

19 Or "if I send a pestilence into that 13 Son of man, 'when the land sinneth land, *and pour out my fury upon it in against me by trespassing grievously, then blood, to cut off from it man and beast: will I stretch out mine hand upon it, and I 20 Though 5 Noah, Daniel, and Job will & break the staff of the bread thereof,|were in it, as I live, saith the Lord God, and will send famine upon it, and will cut they shall deliver neither son nor daughter; off man and beast from it.

they shall but deliver their own souls - by 14 Though i these three men, Noah,|| their righteousness. Daniel, and m Job were in it, they should | 21 For thus saith the Lord God; How A deliver but their own souls by their right-|| much more when I send my four sore eousness, saith the Lord God.

Il judgments upon Jerusalemn, the sword, and 15 If I cause noisome beasts to pass the famine, and the noisome beast, and 20:25. 2 Sam. 12:11,12. 1 32:38. Zech. 13:9. Heb. 8:10.

the pestilence, to cut off from

it man and

Kings 22:20—23. Job 12:16. | 11:16. Rev. 21:7.
Ps. 81:11,12. Is. 63:17. 66:4. f 9.9. Ezra 9:6. ls. 24:20. Las
Jer. 4:10. 2 Thes. 2:9-12. 1:8,20. Dan. 9:5,10-12
2 16:27. Is. 5:25. 9:12,17,21. 5 4:16. 5.16. Lev. 26:26. ls. Or, bercade.

2 Chr. 6:28. 213. 209 Ps. 10:4.

13:1. Jer. 15:2,3. Lam. 4:9,10. || p Matt. 18:19, 20. Jam. 5.16. 91:3,6, s. 37:38. Jer. 14 12 17:18-20. 23:49. Gen. 4:13. b 17,19,21. 25:13. Gen. 6:7. Il t Heb. in the midst of it.

21:0,9. 24:10. Ama 4:10. Mail Num. 5:31. Mic. 7:9. Gal. Jer. 7:20. 32:43. 36:29. 9 20. 33:11. Num. 14.28,29. 24:7. 6:5. i 16,18,20. r Gen. 18:23–33. 19:29. Job | 17:8. 36:18. Rev. 16:

3 6 6 4,7,. Deut. 13:1-10. 17:24k Geo. 6:8. 71. 8:20,21. Heb. 22:30. Acts 27:24. Heb. 11:7. y 14,16. 7. Jer. 6:14,15. 8:11,12. 14. 11:7.

s 5:12,17. 21:3,4,9-15. 29:8.2 18:20.22. Job 5.1924. Pa 15. Rev. 19:1921. 1 28:3. Dan. 9:21. 10:11.

33:21,22. Lev. 26:25. Jer. 33:18,19. Is. 3. 10. Hos 1Q 12. € 34:10,&c. 44:10.15. 48:11. m Job 1:5. 42:8,9. Jer. 7:16. 25.9. 47:6.

Zeph. 2:3. Acts 10.35 ) Joha Deut. 13:11. 19:20. Is. 9:16. 11:14. 14:11.12. 15:1. It 13. 25. 13. Jer. 39:12. Hos. 299. 8:7.10. Jer. 29:15. 50:6. 2 Pet. 2:15. n 20 Prov. 11 4. 2 Pet. 2:9. Il 4:3. Zeph. 1:3.

i Or, Ale taken d 11:18-20. 36:25—29. 37:23. 5:17. Lev. 26:22. 1 Kings | u 5:12. 38:22. Num. 14:12. 16: 13,15,17,19 5:12,17, 6:11,12. e 34:30. 36:28. 37:27. 39: 22. 20:36. 2 Kings 17:25. Jer. 1 | 46-50. Deut. 28:21,22,59,6). 33:27. Jer, 15:2,3. Am. 46 Gen. 17:7. Jer. 11:4. 31:33, 15:3.

2 Sam. 24:13,15. 1 Kings 8:37. 1 12. Rev. 6.

4 8 .

"captive Israelites, those who still remained in rebellion: so the Lord would punish them in "their own land; and the proselytes who dwelt awful indignation, and cause them to bear the 'there.' Bp. Newcombe.

load of their atrocious guilt, which would inV. 9_11. These inquirers would soon be volve both the deceived propbet, and the bypweary of consulting God's prophets, and be ocritical inquirer, in the same terrible destrucdisposed to apply to those of another charac- || tion. Yet ihis severity to individuals would ter; who would be left, like Ahab's prophets, prove mercy to the house of Israel, by warnto the illusions of a lying spirit: and thus being ing them against idolatry and iniquity, that deceived themselves, to believe that prosperi- | they might still continue the people of God. ty would attend the inquirers, they would de- (Marg. Ref.z-e. Votes, 11:17-Â1.) ceive them also. (Marg. Ref. y.-Notes, 13:7 || Deceived. (9) (Note, Jer. 20:7-9, v. 7.) When .-16. 1 Kings 22:19–23. Is. 6:3:15—19, v. 17. l'any false prophet is deceived, the probable Jer. 4:10. 2 Thes. 2:8-12.) This the Lord 'event proving contrary to his prophecy, I JE: warped such men to expect: for he fully pur- | •Hovau have so superintended the course of posed thus to punish them for their hatred of "things as to deceive that prophet.' Bp. Neiohis truth and service. Though not the Author || combe. (Notes, Er. 4:21. 9:12. 14:3,4.) of the deceived prophet's sin, yet his being left | V. 13–21. The faith, obedience, and prayto fall into Satan's delusions was the effect ofers of Noah had prevailed "to the saving of his a judicial' sentence against him; and thus God bouse," though not of the old world: and he used him as the instrument of blinding and was assured that the earth should not be delhardening hypocrites, to their destruction. uged a second time. (Notes, Gen. 6:8-17. 7: And, as the false prophet only sought his own i 1,20–23. 9:9–17. Heb. 11:7.)-Job's sacrifice interest or credit in his predictions, and for and intercession in behalf of his friends were that sin was given up to "strong delusion to accepted: (Marg. Ref. m.-Note, Job 42:7-9.) believe a lie;" as those who consulted him, and Daniel had prevailed with God for the only sought encouragement in idolatry and discovery of Nebuchadnezzar's dream, by wickedness; and as the enmity of their hearts which bis companions and the wise men of against God prepared them to welcome these Babylon, were preserved from death. (Marg. delusions. which'emboldened them to further Il Refil.-Notes, Dan. 2: It was a singular hon

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