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* his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, || fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his which they made t each one for himself to majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly worship, to the moles and to the bats; the earth.

21 To go into the clefts of the rocks, 22 Cease ye from man, 8 whose breath and into the tops of the ragged rocks, for is in his nostrils; 'for wherein is he to be * Heb. the idols of the silver, 1q See on 10,19.-E1 33:22. Job accounted of?

r Ps. 62:9. 146:3,4. Jer. 17:5,6. t Job 7:15–21. Ps. & 4. 1413, t Or, for him to, &c.

1

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30.6. Cant. 2:14.

* Gen. 2:7. 7:22. Job 27 3.

4.

'words, “ships of the sea,” as our old English | not but behold with deep regret the presen! 'translation does, Ps. 48:6.' Lowth. (Note, 1 state of the world, and of the visible church. Kings 10:22.)

Alas! we need not wonder, that the Lord seems v. 19–21. When God should arise "to shake in many places to have forsaken nominal terribly the land,” and the affrighted inhabit-|| Christians; when we consider to what a deants should seek to hide themselves in caves of gree many cities and countries professing the earth; they would throw away their idols, Christianity are replenished with the idolaeven those made of gold and silver, as a use-tries, superstitions, vices, luxuries, and ostentaless encunubrance; and leave them in any de- tious magnificence of the Gentiles; copy their serted corner “to the moles and bats,” that worst fashions, and form the most unnatural they might flee for their lives, and escape the coalitions with the children of strangers. Nay, vengeance of the Lord. (Notes, 30:22. 31:6,7. || if we only regard the condition of this protest46:1,2. Zeph. 1:18.)

ant land: amidst the splendor and aftuence to V. 22. "The Jews were prone to place an which we have arrived, have we not been reidolatrous confidence in their heathen neigh-|| plenished from the east," with every species of bors, with whom they made alliances. Thus vice and luxury? Do we not, as a nation, so they relied on the Egyptians, Syrians, and delight "in the children of strangers,” that Assyrians, at different times: but they and all none else can properly prepare our feasts, or men are here called upon, to cease from de- || our diversions, and administer to our pride or pending on mortal man, who would pot be pleasure? And though our land is not "full of able to help them when in extreme danger, dols,” in the literal sense, yet it is full of idoland in whose professions of friendship andized riches and possessions: and men are in fidelity no confidence could be placed. (Marg. I general so occupied about their gains or inRef.-- Notes, 3:1–9. Ps. 62:8-10, v. 9. 146:3,4.dulgences, that the Lord, and his truths, ordiJer. 17:5–8.)

nances, and precepts, are forgotten, or despis

ed. Whatever may be the event of these things PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. as to the land, assuredly God will not forgive V. 1-9.

those, who persist iu abasing themselves by The unwearied efforts of Satan and his ser- their lusts, and refuse to humble themselves vants to exalt idolatry, intidelity, heresy, and before him; but will inflict on them the most iniquity, and to depress truth and righteous- || dreadful punishment denounced in bis holy ness, may for a time succeed, and then infidels | word. and proHigates will triumph: but their joy

V. 10–22. must be short-lived; for the cause of God shall Alas! what can wealth and splendor avail, finally prevail; all the nations of the earth shall when the Lord arises to take vengeance on flow into the church of Christ, and become his guilty nations? His awful dispensations are esworshippers and servants; and all which has pecially levelled against those who are haughty hitherto been done, is only an earnest of what | and loity, to bring them low; their pre-emiremains to be performed in due season. But nence and affluence mark them out as the most whilst we wait and pray for those glorious distinguished prey of the rapacious; and they days, when the kingdoms of the earth shall || would then gladly compound, to redeem their become the kingdoms of Jesus; and all their lives with their choicest treasures. (Notes, inhabitants, being humbled and changed by || Prov. 13:8. Jer. 41:4–8.) But the power and his grace, shall live in equity, truth, and love; || indignation of the Lordare chiefly to be dreadcultivate the arts of useful industry; "study to | ed: and in what secret cavern will men hide be quiet and to do their own business," and themselves from his all-seeing eye? He marks "learn war no more:” let us avail ourselves of|out the proud, as the objects of his jealousy, the light afforded us, and come and walk in it. and has determined, "that the lofty looks of Let us remember, that when true religion men shall be bumbled; that He alone may be greatly flourishes, men bestow great diligence, exalted," either in the submission, or the ruin, and take much delight, in "going up to the house of every daring rival of his glory. (Notes, Dan. of the LORD," and in exciting others to accom- 4:34–37. 5:18–24. Luke 14:7-11. 18:0–14. pany them: that they greatly desire, and con- || Jam. 4:4–6.) And if temporal judgments are fidently expect, that He should “teach them often so tremendous, what will be the case at his ways,” in order that they may walk in the day of judgment, “when the heavens and them; and that they gladly receive his law the earth shall pass away, and no place be from mount Zion, as their rule of duty, wel. found for them?” Whither will the sinner then come the authority as well as the salvation of Aee to hide himself, “for fear of the Lord, and the Redeemner, and submit to his rebukes, as for the glory of his majesty?” Then his idolizwell as desire his consolations. And let used gold, silver, and costly furniture, will apremenaber also, that the humble disciple of pear as worthless as the mire in the street; the Christ is, in every age, a harmless and blame- || account to be given, of the acquisition and use less, a benevolent and quiet person, who fol- of them, will burden his heart; aud his iniquity lows peace and holiness, forbearing and for committed about them will exceedingly engiving others, as "Christ' hath forgiven him:”hance his condemnation. Flappy are they who insomuch, that if all were of his temper, wars now flee from the wrath to come; who take and violent contentions, public or private, must shelter in Christ, the Rock of salvation; who be annibilated.-But, while we expect more are humbled before God in true repentance, glorious tiines to the church of God; we can-ll and desire that God alone may be exalted in

them, 16-26.

F

CHAP. III.

proudly against the ancient, and the base A prediction, that Jerusalem and Judah should be deprived or against the honorable.

every support, and reduced to abject distress, because of their daring impiety, 1-9. The happiness of the righteous, and

6 When la man shall take hold of his nuisery of the wicked declared, 10, 1). A rebuke of the brother of the house of his father, saying, princes and elders for oppression, 12–15. Dess

, and gaudy, apparel and ornaments of the daughters of Thou hast clothing; be thou our ruler, and Zion

let this ruin be under thy hand: TOR, behold, the Lord, the LORD 7 In that day shall he #swear, saying,

of hosts, doth take away from Jeru- I will not be an Ó healer; for in my house salem, and from Judah, the stay and the is neither bread nor clothing: make me not staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole a ruler of the people. stay of water,

8 For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah 2 The a mighty man, and the man of is fallen: because their tongue and their war, the judge, and the prophet, and the doings are against the LORD, P to provoke prudent, and the ancient,

the eyes of his glory. 3 The 'captain of fifty, and * the honor

9 The ? shew of their countenance doth able man, and the counsellor, and the cun- witness against them; and they declaro ning artificer, and the teloquent orator.

their sin as Sodom, they hide it not. s Woe 4 And I will give 6 children to be their unto their soul! for they have rewarded princes, and babes shall rule over them.

evil unto themselves. 5 And the people shall be oppressed,

10 T Say 'ye to the righteous, that it

k 2 Sam. 16:59. Ec. 10:5—7. every one by another, and every one by his neighbor: the child shall behave himself, Mark 4:65. Luke 22:64.

1 4:1. Judg. 11:8–8. John 6. tenance. Jud: 8:18. Or, skilful of speech. Ex. 4: | 1 Heb. lift up the hand. Gen. 16. 1 Sam. 15:32. 2 Kings 9:

14:22. Deut. 32:40. Rev. 10:6, 37:21. 38:9. Ez. 4:16,17. 14.13. g 1 Kings 3:7-9. 2 Chr. 33:1. d 2:13-15. 2 Kings 24:14-16.

Matt. 26:67,68. 27:28-30,44.

8:12. 9.9. Hos. 7:16. Mal 3 13--15. Matt. 12:36,37. Jude 15. p 65:3-5. 2 Chr. 33:6,7. Ez. 8. 4-6,17,18. Hab. 1:13

& 2:21.

15. b 1:24. 51:22. c Lev. 21:26. Ps. 105:16. Jer. 10,1416.

6. 34:1. 36: 2,5,9,11. Ec. 10:16. m 58:12. Jer. 14:19. Lam. 2:13. P. 14:9, La. 5:1-14. Am. Jh 9:39 1. 11:13. Jer. 9.3-8. Hos. 5:13. 2:3.

22:17. Ez. 22:6,7,12. Aro. 4:1. || Heb. binder up. Hos. 6:1. e 9:15. Ez. 8:12. 9:5,6.

Mic. 3:14,11. Zech. 7:9-11. n 2 Chr. 28.547,18,19. 33:11. f Ex. 18:21. Deut. 1:15. 1 Sam. Mal. 3.5. Jam. 2.6. 5:4.

36:17-19. Jer. 26:6,18. Mic. 8:12.

i 1:4. Lev. 19:32. 2 Kings 2:23. 3.12. * Heb. a man eminent in coun- Job 30:1-12.

o 5.18,19. 57:4. Ps. 73:8,9. Ez.

30. Ps. 10:4. 73.6,7. Prov.
30:13. Jer. 3:3. 6:15. Dan. 7:
20.
r Gen. 13:13. 19:5_-9. Jer. 44:

16,17. Ez. 23:16.
s Lem. 5:16. Hos. 13.9.
t 26:20,21, E.c. 8:12. Jer. 15:11.
E.z. 9:4. 18:9-19. Zeph. 2:3.
M:. 3:18. Rom. 2:5-11.

their hearts, and glorified in shewing them Jerusalem and Judah of every stay and surmercy; who willingly renounce all worldly in- port; as well as to reduce the inhabitants to the teresis and carnal connexions, and cease from greatest extremities for want of bread and dependence on men, and expectations from water. He would speedily cause to cease from thern, however powerful and friendly; that among them able commanders and valiant solthey may give up themselves to the Lord, to diers, active magistrates, faithful teachers and serve híın in righteousness all their future prophets, prudent and experienced cuunsellors, days! Such persons will have nothing to fear honorable rulers, expert artificers, or builders, in those terrible seasons, when the wicked who might fortify the city; (Note, 2 Kings 24: shall in vain call upon the rocks to fall upon 8–16, v. 14.) and eloquent orators who might them, and hide them from the wrath of their influence the people to unite for their own deoffended Judge. Let us then make this our fence: and their very princes should be mere grand concern, and be ready to renounce all children in years and want of experience. for Christ, and to venture or suffer for his sake: This was fulfilled after the death of Sosiah, by and let us cease from expecting help from man, the succession of his sons and grandson in or making any mortal our oracle, our standard, their early youth, and by their foolish and inor our confidence; for man is not only fickle, fatuated counsels. During those feeble reigns, deceitful, and vain, but his breath is in his nos- the people had license to oppress each other, trils, and death will soon deprive him of all bis and all distinctions in society seemed to be power to help or to harm us. Wherein then is abolished; so that children, and the inearest he to be accounted of, that we should, from a of the people, treated the most ancient and desire of his smile, or fear of his frown and re-honorable with insolence and contempt. "The proach, offend the almighty and eternal God, usual effects of a weak and unsettled governwho alone is able to save or to destroy? ‘ment; when faction grows too hard for justice,

‘and seditious men dare openly to insult those NOTES.

'that are in authority.' Lowth. (Notes, Prov. CAAP. III. V. 1-9. These verses continue 28:2,3. Ec. 10:16–19.) In such circumstances, the subject of the preceding chapter, and de- offices of trust and honor would become so scribe those calamities which would abase the burdensome, that none could be induced willhanghty, terrify the daring, and shew the folly ingly to fill them: whilst every one would see of idolatry, and confidence in men. (Note, 2: the necessity of some persons exerting thein22.)—The gradual approach of the siege and selves to repress internal distractions, and to destruction of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans is provide for the public security. Yet the peoprincipally foretold; and the history of that ple would be so impoverished, that very few event, with the Prophecy and Lamentations of could bear the expense of the niagistracy: so Jeremiah, form the best comment upon it: but that, if any one was decently clothed," that that destruction itself was an emblem and fore- I would be deemed a considerable qualification runner of the final destruction of the city by for authority: and his brethren would be ready the Romans.- The prophet calls on all men to to lay hold of him, and almost constrain him to behold and observe, for “the Lord,” the Gov- be a ruler, and to endeavor to repair the ruined ernor, “even Jehován of hosts," or JEHOV AH, state of the community. But every one would the God of armies, was about to deprive i protest against so desperate an undertaking;

shall be well with him; for "they shall eat eaten up the vineyard; the spoil of the the fruit of their doings.

poor is in your houses. 11 Woe unto the wicked! it shall be 15 What mean ye that 'ye beat my ill with him; y for the reward of his hands people to pieces, and grind the faces of the shall be * given him.

poor? saith the Lord God of hosts. 12 T As for my people, children are 16 | Moreover the LORD saith, Because their oppressors, and women rule over the daughters of Zion are haughty, and them. O my people, they which lead walk with stretched-forth necks i and il wanthee cause thee to err, and destroy the ton eyes, walking and mincing as they go, way of thy paths.

and making a tinkling with their feet: 13 The LORD standeth up to plead, 17 Therefore the Lord will smite with and standeth to judge the people. a scab the crown of the head of the daugh

14 The LORD will enter into judg-ters of Zion, and the LORD will ** discover ment with the ancients of his people, their secret parts. and the princes thereof: for dye have

Or, burnt.

|| Heb. deceiving with their

| 58:4. Ex. 5:14,16. Am. 2:6,7. 11 Or, tripping nicely. * 48:22. 57:20,21. 65:13—15,20. Heb. swallow up. Matt. 23:

Ps. 18:23,24. 128:1,2. Gal. 6: 7,8. Heb. 6:10.

15,16. Num. 6:23—27. Jer. 5:
31. Matt. 15:14.

e Ez. 18:2. Jon. 1.6.

eyes.

Ps. 1:3-5. 11:5,6. Ec. 8:13.
✓ Ps. 28:4. 62: 12. Prov. 1:31. & Ps. 12:5. Prov. 92.22, 23. 23:
2 Cor. 5:10. Jam. 2:13.

10,11. Hos. 4:1,2. Mic 6:2. * Heb. done to him. Ps. 120:3, 6 Job 22:4. 34:23. Ps. 143:2.

c See on 2,3. + 4.2 Kings 11:1. Nah. 3:13. d 5:7. Job 24:2—7. Jer. 5.27. 1 Or, which call thee blessed. 9: Am. 4:1. Mic. 2:2. 6:10.

8:4-6. Mic. 3.2,3.
g 1:8. 4:4. Matt. 21:5. Luke

23:28.
h 24.4. 32:9-11. Prov. 16:18.
30:13. Ez. 16:49,50. Zeph. 3:
11.
i Prov. 7:10.11. 2 Pet. 2:14.

k Lev. 13:29,30,43,44. Deut. 28:

27. Rev. 16:2. ** Heb. make naked. 20:4. 47: 2,3. Jer. 13:22. Ez. 16:36,37. 23:25—29. Mic. 1:11. Nah. 3: 5

and be ready to make oath, that he was not in those wbo administered public affairs;) nay, circumstances for such a charge, having nei-their teachers led thein astray, and, by their ther bread nor clothing at home, adequate to the false doctrines, and opposition to the true expense. Or, every one would be so concern- prophets, obstructed destroyed the way, ed for his present ease, and so anxious to shift in which men ought to have walked. (Note, for his own safety, that no one would trouble Matt. 23:13.) The Lord was therefore deter: himself about the public. For, in fact, the city i mined to stand up, and plead his own cause, and land would be ruined and desolated: be- and to enter into judgment with the people; cause their words and works had been so dar- especially with their elders and princes, who ingly rebellious against the Lord, and even be- were notorious for robbery and oppression, fore his glorious eyes, in his holy city and at, For what could they mean, who ought to have his temple, as if they had determined to pro- been the support of justice, and the guardians voke him to wrath. Nay, their proud and in- l of the poor, by epslaving, and cruelly beating, solent looks, and avowed purposes of wicked- and alniost starving them; so that their very ness, rendered them like the abominable in-countenances shewed how they were crushed, habitants of Sodom; so that they had merited and nearly ground to powder by their exacthe severest vengeance, and had brought their tions? (Notes, Am. 5:10--13. 8:4--10. Mic. 2:1 valamities upon their own head. (Marg: Ref. --3. 3:8--12. 6:10--15.) 'The words, (translaton 1:9,10.-Notes, Jer. 6:13—15, v. 15. 44:15. Sed "children are their oppressors,”) may be 18.)It is customary, through all the east,'!'rendered their oppressors glean them; i. e. take 'suys Sir J. Chardin, 'to gather together an from them the poor remainder of their sub'isomense quantity of furniture and clothes; 'stance, which the former calarnities had left. ''for their fashions never alter. Princes and "The word is used for gleaning grapes after égreat inen are obliged to have a great stock of the main vintage is already gathered, Deut. such things in readiness, for presents upon all 24:21. “They that lead thee.'

The margin 'occasions... A great quantity of provision

for reads, “they that call thee blessed;” i. e. the the talle was equally necessary. Bp. Lowth. false prophets, who soothe thee up in thy sins, 1 King: 4:22,23. Neh. 5:17,18.)The prudcnt. 'and foretel nothing but peace and prosperity. (2) Dop, "the diviner."

Lowth. (Note, 30:8--11. Jer. 28:8,9.) V. 10, 11. There was a remnant of pious V. 16, 17. The prophet next reproved the persons among the Jews, even in the worst of women of Jerusalem, especially those in sutimes: and though the prophets did not effect perior stations. It might indeed have been a national reformation, so as to prevent public expected that "the daughters of Zion” would calamities, they doubtless were instrumental be sober, decent, and niodest in their attire, in bringing many individuals to repentance. and adorned with holiness: but they resemIt was therefore proper, that such persons bled the wanton courtezan, instead of imitatshould be encoucaged: and they were here by ing those holy women of old who trusted in the express conimand of God assured that, God. (Note, 1 Tim. 2:9,10. P. 0.9–15. Note, notwithstanding national crimes and judg-1 Pet. 3:1–4. P. 0.1–7.) They walked with meuts, however great and many, every upright stretched-forth necks, toʻshew ihemselves, to believer would be graciously accepted and rec- gaze, and to be gazed on; and with wanton ompensed, and have the comfort and benefit eyes, set off with artificial painting of the eyeof his righteousness; whilst the woe denounc- lids, inviting the beholders to accost them. ed upon the wicked was taking effect, and Pride and affected delicacy, nay a total want they were receiving the reward of their crimes. of modesty, and regard to decorum, were

Notes, Ec. 8:11-13. Ez. 18:5—9,26–32. 33:2, shewn in all their înotions; whilst, after the - 11. Rom. 2:7–11.)

fashion of their heathen neighbors, they wore V. 12–15. It was time for the Lord to in-! little bells in their shoes, the tinkling of which terpose: for even children and women ruled announced their approach. 'Some interpret over his people; (either weak and effeminate this of chains, like a sort of trammels put upon persons; or bad women, by their influence with their feet, which hindered these nice ladies 18 In that day the Lord will take away 23 The 'glasses, and the fine linen, the bravery of their ' tinkling ornaments and the hoods, and the i veils. about their feet, and their * cauls, and their 24 And it shall come to pass, that "into round tires like the moon,

stead of sweet smell there shall be stink; 19 The chains, and "the bracelets, and and instead of a girdle a rent; and instead the i mufflers,

of well set hair baldness; and instead of a 20 The bonnets, and the ornaments of stomacher Y a girding of sackcloth; and he legs, and the head-bands, and the burning instead of beauty. tablets, and the ear-rings,

25 Thy amen shall fall by the sword, 21 The Prings, and a nose-jewels, and thy "mighty in the war.

22 The changeable suits of apparel, and 26 And Wher gates shall lament and the mantles, and the wimples, and the mourn; and she being desolate shall sit crisping pins,

upon the ground. Heb. houses of the soul.

1 16.
Or, netu rks.

Gep. 35:4. Ex. 32:2. Ez. 16: m Judg. 8 I. marg.

12. Hos. 2. 13. Or, sweet-balls.

p Gen. 41:42. Esth. 8:2. Cant. n Gen. 24:22,30,53. 38:18,25. 5:14. Luke 15:22. Jam. 2:2. Ex. 35:22. Num. 31:50. Ezq Gen. 24:47. 1 Tim. 2:9,10. 1 16:11.

Pet. 3:, 1. Or, spangled ornaments.

rEx. 38:8.

8. Am. 8:10. Rev. 11:3. s Gen. 41:42. 1 Chr. 15:27. Ez. 2 4:4. Lev. 26:35. Deut. 28:22. 16:10. Luke 16:19. Rev. 19:3, 32:24. Rev. 16:9. 18:9. 14.

a 2 Chr. 29.9. Jer. 11:22. 14:18. 1 Gen. 24:65. Ruth 3:15. Cant. 18:21. 19:7. 21:9. Lam, 2:21. 5:7.

Am. 9:10. u 57:9. Prov. 7:17.

11 Hew. might. x 22:12. Ex. 7:18. Mic. 1:16. b Jer. 14:2 Lam. 1:4. y 15:3. 32:9-11. Job 16:15. Or, emptied. Heb. cleansed. Jer. 4:8. 6:26. 48:37. 49:3. c 47:1. Job 2:8,13. Lam. 2:10. Lam. 2:10. Ez. 27:31. Joel 1: Ez. 26.16. Luke 19:44.

'from making too large strides. But the Chaldeans: but the representation would 'words which describe the women's orna- equally suit either catastrophe. (Marg. Ref:) ‘ments, in this, and the following verses, are -Nose-jewels. (21), Gen. 24:22. Ez. 16:12. ‘of a very doubtful signification, the modes of Marging. This fashion, however strange it 'every age and country varying so often, that may appear to us, was formerly, and is stil, "the succeeding fashion makes the former to 'common in many parts of the east, among 'be quickly forgotten, and the words that ex- “women of all ranks. Bp. Lowth. That is, 'press it to be out-dated.'. Lowth. But the the custom of wearing rings in the nose. Lord was determined to disgrace and expose them for this vanity and wantonness: some PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. loathsome disease should be sent utterly to de

V. 1-11. stroy their comeliness; and, being taken cap- If men do not "stay themselves on God," he tive, stript, and sold for slaves, they should ex- will at length remove from them all other supperience the most shocking and distressing ports: and, as the body soon languishes and treatment from their inhuman conquerors. dies, from which "the staff of bread, and the Notes, 20:2—4. 17:1–3. Jer. 13:22.)

stay of water,” are utterly withheld; so the soul, V. 18—26. The prophet here proceeds to which has not learned to trust in God, must enumerate the various ornaments, in which fail into entire misery, when separated from his country-woinen prided themselves, but of its worldly pleasures and possessions.- It is which they would shortly be deprived. (The vain for nations to rely on able statesmen and word rendered "bravery," implies, splendor orchieftains; on valiant soldiers, prudent counmagnificence. It is not necessary to attempt sellors, or eloquent orators: for, when the the explanation of the terms, and indeed little Lord pleases, "he taketh away their breath, satisfactory can be advanced, on many articles and they die," in the very crisis when their of this very singular inventory; and nothing aid is wanted; or, if they live, their wisdom, interesting, without au inadequate degree of courage, or success, may vanish at once, and labor, merely in a matter of curiosity. The fash- disappoint every expectation formed from ions of those ages doubtless varied much from them. And what benefit can individuals or those of our times; but human nature was the communities expect from true prophets, or same. (.Note, Ez. 16:9–14.) The Lord was faithful teachers, whose admonitions they so displeased with the pride and ostentation of neglect? or from those false prophets, "who the females, that he joined it with the impiety speak peace when there is no peace?” (Note, and oppression of the princes, as a reason for Èz. 13:10--16. --The Lord has varions ways his judgments on the land: and he declared of punishing obstinate transgressors: be gives that he would so punish them, that a loath-up offending nations to foolish and feeble govsome smell, through disease and squalid neg- ernors, and to distracted counsels; he leaves lect, should be substituted in the place of men to their selfish passions, to oppress and their costly perfumes; rent and tattered gar-i punish each other; and he corrects the aged ments, instead of their beautiful girdles; sack-and honorable, who despise him, by means of cloth instead of their f.ne linen; and a skin the insolence of their juniors and interiors. scorched, and even blistered, by the burning In times of heavy calamity, when little can be Bun, instead of that beauty of which they were expected in exalted stations, except trouble so vain: for the forces of the Jews being utter- and expense, men generally decline them, ly vanquished, Jerusalem would be levelled even though there be a prospect of doing good. with the ground; which event is represented For most are aware, that rulers should be under the idea of a desolate female seated "healers, and should aim to compose distracupon the earth.–Jerusalem is here described, tions, and promote the public good: yet few (as a woman bereaved of her children, and la-seek and use authority for these purposes; or 'menting over them in this melancholy pos- choose to sacrifice personal interest to gevu'ture. And thus she was represented in a ine benevolence. However, though one namedal coined by Vespasian's order, after the tion, city, or company of professed Christians, 'destruction of that city by the Romans.' after another, be ruined; we have a Ruler, Lowth.-- The prophet, indeed, more immediate- who is also our Brother, who has unsearchaly forotels the destruction of Jerusalem by thell ble riches, and almighty power, and immeasVol. IV. 3

[17

CHAP. IV.

will eat our own bread, and wear our own Predictions, that the women would irregularly seek to be mar- apparel: only • let us be called by thy name,

rie . as few men would be left, 1: but that glorious times, for hu turs$. peace, and security, would follow, 2mb.

to take away our “reproach. ND a in that day seven women shall 2 ff In that day shall e the Branch of

- Heb. let thy name be called
upon us.
| Or, take thou away.

Ez. 17:22,23. Zech. 3.8. 6:12.

A , ,

с

Luke 1.25.
e 11:J. 60.21.

Jer. 23:5. 33. 15.

See on 2:11,17.-10.20. 17:7. | b 3.25,20. 13 12.
Luke 21.22, 23.

c 2 Thes. 13.12.

d Gen. 30:23.

1 Sam. 1:6

urable love: he is indeed “a Healer," and has and of becoming temptations to others, which undertaken our ruined cause, and given bim- are the sources of this vanity. The profuse self a ransom for our souls: in luis hand we expense also of money, and of still more preare safe, and his true church, and every be- cious time, to the neglect of piety, charity, and liever, will certainly obtain complete deliver- even justice; to the ruin of famivies, and the ance. But profession and external advanta- subversion of all distinction of rank in society, ges will only aggravate the crimes of those, meet his most decided disapprobation. The who sin as in God's more immediate presence, occasion, which these vanities afford for temptand “provoke the eyes of his glory” by their ations to still further crimes, in order to supwicked words and actions. And men should port the expense of them; the violation of bis remember, that their impudence and inso- holy day resulting from them; and the abomlence in wickedness, and their daring looks, inable practice of coming to places of Worship, while "they declare their sin as Sodoin,” will as to a theatre, on which to exhibit their vain testify against them, and prove that “they have decorations; whilst those, who should be worrewarded evil to themselves;" when the Lord shipping, or hearing the word of God, are emshall denounce and execute vengeance upon ployed in admiring, envying, or making rethem. But blessed be God, there is abundant marks on their finery; all these, and innumer. encouragement to the righteous to trust him, able more evils arise from this contagious fol. and for sinners to repent and return to him. ly, which is far too generally tolerated in our llowever bis providential dispensations may congregations; but which will eventually eat vary, he will invariably bless his people, who out the life of godliness, where not opposed shall reap the fruit of their faith and piety: and and protested against, as inconsistent with the he will punish his impenitent enemies accord- word of God. Without all doubt, the more ing to their works.

care people take to have their souls "beautiV. 12--26.

fied with salvation,” and to do good to their Our righteous Lord has always wise and poor brethren; the less time and money will holy reasons for his severest judginents, as it they waste in this manner. If indeed Chriswill be made manifest in due time:-Rulers, tianis are bound to "redeem their time," "imnobles, and teachers also, are not unfrequently prove their talents,” refuse conformity to the ringleaders in ungodliness, and the great pro- world, and “to do all things to the glory of moters of wickedness in church and state: and God;" surely some regard should be paid to when authority falls into hands of men desti- the scriptural examples and exhortations on tute of piety and justice, and the instructers this subject; and “women professing godliof the people are blind guides,” who oppose ness” should be an entire contrast to these and “pervert the right ways of the Lord,” it wanton daughters of Zion, in their deportment may be expected that he will stand up to exe- and apparel! If any despise, or be offended cute vengeance. But he knows how to dis- by, admonitions of this kind; perhaps the Lord tinguish between the righteous and the wick: may in this world visit them with such disease, ed, the tempted and the tempters, and the dif- poverty, and calamity, as may convince them ferent degrees of guilt in men's conduct: he of their sin and folly. Death, however, will will judge impartially, as well as punish se-soon strip the poor body of all its ornaments, verely; and he will call men to a stríct account and bereave it of all its comeliness: then, in for all their wealth and power, and the use deed, there will be a stink instead of a perwhich they made of them. , Notes, Matt. fume; and all that taste and elegance, which 25:14–30. Notes and P. O. Luke 16:1–13.) have been for a moment admired, will be Many, indeed, who eat up, the vineyard of the changed for the cold grave, for putrefaction, poor, and embellish their splendid palaces and the consurning, worin. And what will with the gains of extortion and oppression, such ornaments and distinctions avail at the elude human justice. But what do professed 'resurrection, and the day of judgment; when Christians mean, by beating and persecuting every one, without respect of rank or sex, the people of God, and “grinding the faces of: must give an account of the things done in the poor?” Do they indeed intend to bring on the body, whether good or evil? May every themselves the fierce wrath of the Lord, who reader henceforth renounce such childish vanis the Patron and Advocate of the afflicted itjes, as well as more gross iniquities, and seek and oppressed? (Note, Prov. 14:31.)-Nor let that beauty and that adorning, which will enit be thought that the Lord disregards the dure, brighten, and purify for ever; which, it conduct of those females, who are chiefly re- the hour of death, will render the soul meet markable for their vanity and dissipation. He for the company of holy angels; and will enwatches over, and registers, all their thoughts sure to the body a glorious resurrection, in the and words, and every wanton look; and all image and likeness of our exalted Redeenier, their affected and ostentations delicacy, the to be with him for ever in his heavenly kingexpression of their pride and self-admiration. dom. Especially he notes with abhorrence such wantonness and haughtiness, in “the daugh

NOTES. ters of Zion," in women professing the gosjrel. CHAP. IV. V.1. This verse should not hare He does not deem these indifferent or trivial been separated from the preceding chapter, na ters, as many speak of them: but he, as it as it evidently relates to the same subject. were, keeps an inventory of all their orna- When Jerusalem was besieged by the Chalmerts; and, by his prophets and servants, pro- deans, and after it was taken, (for those times tests against ihat fondness for exiernal shew, seem to be intended, the young men were and that djece of being admired and flattered, generally destroyed; (3:25.) but the young wo

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