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thee, and purely "purge away thy dross, and they that forsake the LORD shall be and take away all thy tin:

consumed. 26 And * I will restore thy judges as at 29 For they shall be Cashamed of a the the first, and thy counsellors as at the be- oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall gimning: afterward y thou shalt be called, be confounded for the gardens that ye The city of righteousness, the faithful have chosen. city.

30 For 'ye shall be as an oak whose 27 Zion shall be ? redeemed with judg- leaf fadeth, and as a bgarden that hath no ment, and ther converts with righteous- water.

31 And the strong shall 'be as tow, 28 And a the destruction of the trans- and $the maker of it as a spark, and k they gressors and of the sinners shall be together, shall both burn together, and none shall

quench them.

ness.

* Heb. according to pureness.

21:27. u 22. 4:4. 6.11-13. Jer. 6:29. 9: 5:16. 45:21-25. Rom. 3:247. Ez. 20.33.

Zeph. 3:11.

26. 11:26,27. 2Cor. 5:21. Eph. MAL 3:3. Matt. 3:12.

1:7,8. Tit. 2:14. 1 Pet. 1:18,19. I 32:1, 2. 60:17:18. Num. 12:3. Or, they that return of her.

16:15. 1 Sam. 12:25. Jer. a Job 31:3. Ps. 1:6. 5.6. 37:38. 33 7,15--17. Ez. 34.23, 24, 37: 73:27. 92:9. 104:35. Prov. 29:1. 241,25. 45:8.

1 Thes. 5:3. 2 Thes. 1:8,9. 2 y 21. 60:21. 62: 1.

Jer. 31:23. Pet. 3:7. Rev. 21:8. Zeph. 3:9,13. Zech. 8:8. Rev. Heb. breaking.

b 30:13,14. 50:11. 65:11,12. 1 g 58:11. Jer. 31:12. Ez. 31:4,
Sam. 12:25. 1 Kings 9.69. &c.
1 Chr. 28.9. Zeph. 1:4–6. h Ez. 32:21.
c 30:22. 31:7. 45:16. Ez. 16:63. i 27.4. 43:17. 50:11. Judg. 15:

36:31. Hos, 14:3,8. Rom. 6:21. 14. Rev. 6:14-17.
d 57:5. marg. Ez. 6:13. Hos. Or, his work.
4:13.

k 34:9,10. 66:24. Ez. 20:47,48. e 65:3. 66:17. Jer. 2:20. 3:6. Mal. 4:1. Matt. 3:10,12. Mark. s 5:6. Jer. 17:5,6. Ez, 17:9:10, 9:43-49. Rev. 14:10,11. 19: 24. Matt. 21:19,20.

20. 20:10,15.

'forbidden.' Bp. Lorth. 5:22. Prov. 23:30.' indeed most fully accord to the meaning of Cant. 8:2.)-Wine mixed with water would this energetic language. Yet there is reason therefore convey the idea of wine, debased and to expect a more literal and exact accombecome worthless. The Septuagint renders plishment of the prophecy, in respect of Israel the clause; “Thy, vintners (warndor) mix thy as a nation, and the city Jerusalem, in the 'wine with water. The apostle uses a word latter days. (Marg. Ref.-Notes, Jer. 31:23– from the same root (xampdevovres) in speaking, of 26,35–40. Ez. 34:23–31. 37:24—18. 39:23—29. those who corrupt the gospel by base mix-Hos. 3:4,5.) tures. (.Note, 2 Cor. 2:14–17.)

V. 28–31. The ruin of apostates, and of V. 25–27. The Lord did not mean so to de- i all the wicked, must accompany thé purity stroy a hypocritical and wicked nation, as to: and prosperity of the true church; and will leave no remnant: but he foretold for the en- come upon them suddenly, at once, and on all couragement of the pious few, that "he would of them together, so that they cannot help turn his hand upon Zion” to cleanse her, and each other. The idols, and the groves or garon the incorrigible to punish them. (Ps. 81:: dens, which the Jews preferred to the worship 14. Zech. 13:7. Heb.) "His most tremendous of JEHOVAH at his temple, would shortly turn judgments should be 'as the fire of a purifying to their confusion. (Marg. Ref:-Note, 66:15 furnace, to separate all dross and alloy of base –18.)—The word, rendered "oaks," probably metal from her silver; to destroy hypocrites means some trees of the ever-green species: from among her worshippers, and to make be- and it was predicted that the wicked Jews lievers more holy and spiritual. (Notes, 21— should become as one of them, when being 24. Zech. 13:8,9. 1 Pet. 1:6,7. 4:12–19.) Then blasted by excessive heat, all its leaves fade at judges and counsellors, like the judges raised once; and as a garden without water, which up to reform and deliver Israel, or rather like in those hot countries must very soon be utDavid and other pious princes and rulers, in terly burnt up. Nay, the most potent of them her first and best days, should be raised up, would become “as tow, and his work,” (marg.) under whom so blessed a change should take “as a spark to set fire to it;" and thus they place, that Jerusalem should be called, "The should burn together without being quenched. city of righteousness, the faithful metropolis."|| This may describe the wretched state of the For Zion and her worshippers should be re-Jewish nation, especially when Jerusalem was deemed from enemies and iniquities; and new taken by the Chaldeans; and the destruction converts added to her, by the righteous judge of the idols with the idolaters, so that the naments which had been foretold. (Note, Zech. tion never afterwards relapsed into gross idol12:6–8.)— When God shall redeem Zion, and atry.—Then both the framers of idolatry, and "restore those that truly turn to him, he will their devices shall perish together, however 'make a remarkable discrimination between 'supported by secular power, or recommended 'the righteous and the wicked; God's judg- 'by worldly grandeur. Lowth. The ruin of 'ments will be visible in punishing the latter, antichristian, as well as pagan, idolatry, atand his mercy in saving the former.' Lowth. tended with dreadful judgments on the incor-The display of the divine justice, as well as rigible idolaters, seems also predicted: but the mercy, in the way of the sinner's salvation, language most emphatically describes the seems also to be referred to. The calamities' state of the wicked in another world; when of Ahaz, Sennacherib's invasion, the distress' all their idolized possessions, vain confidences, which it occasioned, its surprising event, and superstitions, hypocritical and ostentatious Hezekiah's reformation, were accomplish- works and services, as well as their wicked ments of this prediction: and so were the Baby-works, will terminate in confusion and alllonjsh captivity, the redemption of the captive guish, and aggravate their tremendous doom. Jews, and their consequent adherence to the Marg. Ref:) worship of JEHOVAH-The redemption of the spiritual Zion, by the righteousness and death PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. of Christ, and by his powerful grace; her re

V. 1-9. peated deliverances by his righteous judgments The varied, persevering, and suitable methon her enemies; her prosperity and increase ods, which the Lord, by his ministers, employs under his government; and her comparative to check the progress of impiety and iniquity, purity on earth, and perfect purity in heaven; to bring sinners to repentance, and to retain VOL IV 2

19

his people in his worship, and service; when "wounds and bruises,” under which the reunsuccessful, eventually demonstrate the pow- ligion of the land lies gasping, “have not been er of man's depravity, leave sinners more in- closed, nor bound up, nor mollified with oint. excusable in their crimes, and tend to manifest ment. While we seem to prosper in our civil the ristice of God in their punishment. We estate, “the daughter of Zion,” the cause of should therefore seek his grace to render every the gospel, is left as a cottage in a vineyard, means effectual to ourselves and others, with and was a besieged city," against which the earnestness proportioned to the number of our hosts of aliens encamp on every side, with peculiar advantages: else the gospel of Christ proud menaces and boastings, as if they were will become "a savor of death to us;" and the about to swallow her up. "Except the Lord heavens and the earth will declare his right- of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant, cousness in our condemnation.-Man, each we should have become like Sodom and Goman, owes his reasonable powers and valua-morrah,” in wickedness and in desolation: and ble distinctions, to his Maker's goodness: he doubtless the inhabitants of those cities will is upheld by his power, and feasted by his rise up in judgment, and condemn numbers in buunty, and treated as a favored child; yet be Britain, who are daring in their iniquity amidst alone, as a monster of ingratitude, spurns the so many superior advantages. (Note, Matt. 11: authority of his gracious Friend and Father, 20–24.)—How dreadful then must be the deand behaves towards him with contempt and pravity of human nature, which grows so exeninity! The dull ox and ass, (as well as the ceedingly, wicked, under the most suitable more sagacious animals,) whilst they express means of becoming holy! Surely in this respect a kind of gratitude to the hand which teeds too it may be said, the whole head is sick, and them, judge and condemn the human race, the whole heart faint!” This evil nature is in who know not the truths, perfections, or will every one of us: and no physician or medicine, of their Creator, or who do not consider their but Jesus and his sanctifying Spirit, can refolly and criminality in rebelling against him. store us to spiritual health. *Let us then, by Where then is the man, who can justify him-i faith and constant prayer, put our distemperself before God, or even at the bar of his owned souls into his bands, that "the wounds, conscience? If we were appointed to judge bruises, and putrefying sores” may be molliour own cause, and had matters fairly stated fied and bound up, and closed by his healing before us, and no part of the evidence sup-care. Thus alone can our ruin be prevented, pressed; we should almost be constrained to and holiness and happiness be restored to our take his part against ourselves: no wonder uls. Blessed be God, there is a remnant, then, that at last "every mouth will be stopped, we trust a greatly increasing remnant, (may and all the world become guilty before God." || he increase it more and more,) of true believ(Note, Rom. 3:19,20.) But the rebellion anders, for whose sake, and in answer to whose ingratitude of those, who are favored with his prayers, the Lord has hitherto spared us; and oracles and ordinances, are peculiarly aggra- whose examples and endeavors may yet prevated; and the impiety and wickedness of na-| vail to revive the power of godliness throughtions professing Christianity display a sottish-|| out our land. To them let us cordially attach ness, and a contempt of God, equally aston-ourselves, and join our prayers and endeavors ishing and detestable. With what justice and with theirs. Nor should we despair, even if propriety, then, might JEHOVAH address this we saw the rulers and inhabitants of the land favored land, as he did Judah of old, "Ab, generally like those of Sodom. The cause is sinful nation! a people laden with iniquity!' || not lost, whilst any witnesses for the truth reOur degenerating, from the faith, zeal, piety, inain, to preach, and write, and protest, and purity, and patience, which marked our na-pray, against prevailing impiety and infidelity; tional character, during the progress of the or to oppose a holy example to the torrent of reformation; into open infidelíty, impiety, and iniquity and licentiousness. (P. O. Ps. 11:) licentiousness, fraud, and perjury, marks us to

V. 10–20. be “a people laden with iniquity. The early Many are apt to think, that none except inproficiency of large multitudes of our youth in | fidels and profigates are in danger of impendvice and irreligion, and in tempting others to ing vengeance: but, in fact, hypocrites are at wickedness, mark them to be "children that least as deeply criminal as they. Indeed "the are corrupters." In short, as a nation, we form of godliness” bas very generally been have generally "forsaken the LORD, pro- thrown aside among us, as an useless encumvoked the Holy One of Israel to anger," and brance. Yet it may be feared, that there are are estranged from him. The patience of God many, who attend places of public worship, has indeed hitherto preserved us from propor-nay, contribute largely to the expense of buildtionable calamities: we bope that it is not being and supporting them; who hear, or even cause he has given us up as incorrigible; “see- | preach, many sermons; who zealously profess ing we revolt more and more” in the midst and dispute about the great truths of the gosboth of judgments and mercies. But though pel; who are found stated communicants at it rannot be said, “Your country is desolate, the Lord's table, and even offer many prayers your cities are burned with fire, your land with apparent devotion; to whoin the Lord strangers devour it in your presence;" yet, may justly say, 'To what purpose are all these were it not for a few honorable exceptions, it 'services? I can have no delight in them, nor might be said, as to our religious character, ‘you any profit from them. Who has required “The whole head is sick, the whole heart is persons of your character and allowed habitfaint.". The malignant distemper also breaks ‘ual conduct, to appear before me, and tread forth in every part, and pervades with dire l 'my courts? I am wearied with and even loathe progress, all orders and ranks of men: an iin- 'your worship, your sacraments, your costly pious and infidel contempt of the word and land ostentatious services: affront me nu nore ordinances of God, appears every day more with your hateful and disgusting devotions, avowed: nay, even those who are maintained 'whicli are merely tbe cloke of injustice and in fflucnce, to promote the cause of true impenitency. I will hear none of your hypoChristianity, often stand forth in the opposite ‘critical prayers; and your public fasts and ph-lanx, or by their doctrines and examples 'solemn meetings are iniquity; for “your hands betray her cause, nor does any one call them are full of blood,” of fraud, oppression, and

account for so doing! So that the il open or secret licentiousness.'-Let us then

to

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CHAP. JI.

Come ye, and let us go up to the mounPredictions of the establishment, extent, and peace of the church, tain of the LORD, to the house of the God for their iniquities and idolatries, 6; and of divine judg- of Jacob; and she will teach us of his ways, them of idolatry, and cause them to cease from confidence in and we will walk in his paths: "for out of man, 10.12.

Zion shall go forth the law, and the word VHE word that Isaiah the son of Amoz of the LORD from Jerusalem.

saw concerning Judah and Jeru- 4 And he shall judge among the nasalem.

tions, and shall rebuke many people; "and 2 And bit shall come to pass in the they shall beat their swords into plowJast days, that the mountain of the Lord's shares, and their spears into pruning house 'shall be established in the top of hooks: nation shall not lift up sword against the mountains, and shall be exalted abovenation, 'neither shall they learn war any the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.

3 And many people shall go and say,|| | Jer. 31:6. 50:4,5. Zech. 8:20– || 11.3.4. 1 Sam. 2:10. Ps. 82:8.

more.

a 1.1. 13:1. Am. 1:1. Mic. 1:1.

6:9. Hab. 1:1. b Mic. 4:1-3. c Gen. 49:1. Num. 24:14. Job

19 25. Jer. 23:20. 30.24. 48:47. 49.39. Ez. 38:16. Dan. 2:28. 10:14. Acts 2. 17. 2 Tim. 3.1. Heb. 1 2. 2 Pet. 3 3.

d 30:29. Ps. 68:15,16. Dan. 2:
35,45. Zech. 8:3. Rev. 20:4.
21:10,&c.
* Or, prepared.
e 11:10. 27:13. 49:6. 60:11,12.

Ps. 22:27. 72:8,17-19. 86:9.
Jer. 3:17. Mal. 3:12. Rev. 11:
15.

23.

96: 13. 110.6. John 16:8-11. g Deut. 6:1. Ps. 25:8,9. Matt. Acts 17:31. Rev. 19:11. 7:24. Luke 11:28. John 7:17. k 9:7. 11:6-9. Ps. 46:9. Hos. 2: Acts 10:33. Jam. 1:25.

18. Joel 3:10. Mic. 4:3. Zech. b 51:4,5. Ps. 110:2 Luke 24:47. 9:10. Acts 1:8. 13:46–48. Rom. 10:Or, scythes. 18.

1 60:17,18. Ps. 72:3-7.

“judge ourselves, that we be not judged of the tience, and purity; could tirey, I say, arise from Lord.” Without a contrite and upright heart, the dead, and survey the whole of the professGod will accept no sacrifice from us: if weing church of Christ; and observe the ambiallow ourselves in secret iniquity, or forbidden tion, magnificence, avarice, luxury, carnal indulgence; or if we reject the salvation of policy, and sloth, of numbers who appear as Christ; our very prayers will be an abomina- its rulers and teachers; surely they would extion. Nor can any national regard to the ex- claim with grief and astonishment, far greater ternals of religion avert national judgments, than that of the prophet, “How is the faithful so long as murder, and cruel oppression are city become an harlot! It was full of judgsanctioned by law, or permitted to be perpe- ment, righteousness lodged in it, but now" trated with impunity.-But, blessed be God,||(P. 0. Rev. 18:9-19.)- Alas! the silver is gen. there is a "fountain opened for sin and for un-erally become dross, and the wine mixed cleanness,” in which the most deeply criminal with water, and horrible abuses almost every may wash and be made clean. To this sin- where prevail

. For whilst men are seeking ners, of every order in society, are directed by "every one his gain from his quarter," loving the ministers of religion, with plain and ener- | gifts and following after rewards;” no wonder getic warnings and exhortations. By the grace that piety, justice, and mercy are little attendof the gospel, the most enslaved sinner mayed to. (Note, 56:9–12.) But we must leave "put away the evil of his doings from before the impenitent to the judgment of the Mighty the eyes of the LORD:" he may be enabled “to | One of Israel,” who will certainly "ease hiin cease to do evil, and may learn to do well;" || of his adversaries, and avenge him of his eneand may also find pardon and acceptance by mies.” And, whilst we are careful not to be faith in Jesus Christ. And when "faith work. || found among them, let us rejoice in the proeth by love" of God and man, and he seeks "tophetic assurance, that he will purely purge his do judgment, to relieve the oppressed,” and to church from all her dross and alloy, and furnishi patronise the fatherless and widow, according | her with rulers and teachers, like the holy to his station in society: this change of temper apostles and martyrs of old, that she may be and conduct will prove him interested in all called “the City of' righteousness, the Faithful the blessings of salvation. Well then may City.” Let us pray for the bastening of those JEHOV 4h call upon us to draw near to him, || blessed times, when Zion shall be redeemed that he may “reason with us;" for all his dis- from her spiritual bondage, by the Lero's pensations are most righteous and most rea- righteous judgments on every antichristian sonable. But his condescension in allowing lopposer; and enlarged by converts innumera us to reason with bim cannot be sufficientlyble, adorned with the robe of the Redeenie's expressed; for all our conduct, and all our ob-righteousness, and walking in all holy obedijections, are absurd and unreasonable in the ence before him. But believers may expect extreme. What can be more rational, than still more glorious days at the end of the world; every precept of his holy law? What' more at the very time when all transgressors who reasonable, than his call to repent and believe forsake the Lord shall be confounded and couhuis gospel? If we he “willing and obedient,” sured, and shall be ashamed of all those our sins, though of crimson and scarlet hue, I things, which here they desired and rejoiced will become as snow, or wool; and every bless- | in: when sinners will become, not only as the ing will be communicated: but if we continue withered tree and the parched garden, but to iefuse and rebel, we must be consumed by even the mightiest of them as tow, and their his righteous vengeance; “for the mouth of the most splendid performances as fire, and they LORD hath spoken it.” O Lord, incline every || shall burn together and pone shall quench one of our hearts to accept of thy mercy, and them.” to live to thy glory.'

NOTES. V. 21-31. Could those, who saw the Christian church, CHAP. II. V. 1. This chapter and the two in those pure times, when “great grace was following form one distinct prophecy, or mesupon all” ihe multitude of believers; and rulerssage from God to the Jews, which probably and teachers were distinguished chiefly by was delivered about the close of Uzziah's their humility, disinterestedness, simplicity, pa- ! reign.

5 O house of Jacob, come ye, and let || gold, neither is there any end of their us walk in the light of the LORD.

treasures; "their land is also full of horses, 6 T Therefore thou hast forsaken thy neither is there any end of their chariots: people, the house of Jacob, because they 8 Their land also is full of idols; they be replenished * from the east, and are worship the work of their own hands, that soothsayers like the Philistines, P and they which their own fingers have made: * please themselves in the children of stran- 9 And the mean man boweth down, gers.

and the great man * humbleth himself: 7 Their " land also is full of silver and therefore forgive them not.

10 | Enter 2 into the rock, and hide

m 3. 30.10.11. 60.1.19. Ps. 89.15. Lev. 19:31. 20:6. Deut. 18:10
Luke 1:79. John 12:35,36. -1. 1 Chr. 10:13.
Rom. 13.12–14. Eph. 5.8. 1 p Ex. 34:16. Num. 25:1,2.
Thes, 5:5,6. 1 Joha 1:7. Rev. Deut. 21:11-13. 1 Kings 11:
21:29,24.

1,2. Ps. 106:35. Jer, 10:2.
n Drut. 31:16,17. 2 Chr. 15:2. Or, abound with, c.
24: 0. Lam. 5:20. Rom, 10:1, q Deut. 17:17, 1 Kings 10:21–
2, 20.

27. 2 Chr. 9:20—25. Jer. 5:27, * Or, more than the east. Num. 28. Jam. 5:1–3. Rev. 18:3,11 23:7.

-17. o 8:19. 47:12,13. Ex. 22:18.

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V. 2–5. (Notes, Mic. 4:1-5.). "The last | Rev. 20:4-6.). There needs no other proof, days,” or, "the latter days," signify the times that the grand accomplishment of this prophof the Messiah, by the common consent of ex-ecy is reserved for some future period, than positors, without excepting even those of the the consideration, that nothing in any measure Jews: and generally the later period of those answerable to such forcible expressions, has times. (Marg: Ref. c.-Notes, Jer. 48:47. 1 yet occurred on earth.– The prophet closes Tim. 4:1-5. 2 Pet. 3:1–4.)- As Solomon's his prediction, by exhorting his people to avail temple, the centre of Israel's worship, was themselves of their advantages, and not to replaced upon a mountain, to which the peopleject the gospel when preached to them: for resorted with their sacrifices from distant || these prophecies were intended to instruct fuplaces; so the church of Christ, and its insti- ture generations.—'This prophecy will not retuted worship, are represented as a temple 'ceive its utmost completion, till the destrucbuilt upon a mountain. (Notes, Ez. 40:2. Dan. 'tion of the four monarchies, (Dan. 2:35.) and 2:34,35,44,45.) The establishment of his reli- l 'the fulness of the Jews and Gentiles are come gion, by the abrogation of the Mosaic dispen- l'into the church. (Mic. 4:), Yet both these sation, and on the ruins of idolatry; and the prophecies may be partly fulfilled in the sexadvancement of his kingdom above all the 'eral advances which Christ's kingdoin makes kingdoms of the earth, are here predicted, un- | 'in the world, who is described as "going forth der the emblem "of the mountain of the conquering and to conquer." Rev. 6:2.' Lord's house being established on the top of Lowth. This seems to have been a maxim in the mountains, and exalted above the hills.” ||'interpreting prophecies, received among the The calling of the Gentiles, the success of the Jews before Christ's time; that wherever they gospel in the apostles' days, and especially l'observed an imperfect completion of a prophthat far more extensive propagation of it wbich ecy in an historical event, which no way anis yet to come, are predicted under the image 'swered the lofty expressions and extensive of "all nations flowing to this mountain of the promises, which the natural sense of the text Lord's bouse," as all rivers flow into the ocean. ‘imported, there they supposed the times of The earnestness of each new convert to bring the Messiah to be ultimately intended, “in others with him, to the knowledge of Christ, ||'whom all the promises of God are yea, and and to a life of holiness, is expressed, by the 'amen.” To prevent any misunderstanding, it people inviting one another to go up to the may be proper likewise to take notice, that house” of God, to be instructed in his ways. this mystical sense of the prophecies is now (Notes, 66:19–23. Jer. 31:6,7. Zech. 8:204-23.) and then, but not so fitly, called a secondary When apostles and evangelists, of the Jewish ).

sense: not as if it were less principally intendnation, went forth to preach the gospel to the ed by the prophets; but rather with respect to Gentiles, "a law weni forth out of Zion, and the time, because it is the last or ultimate the word of God from Jerusalem:" for Christ'completion of their predictions.' Ibid.--The is a Prince as well as a Savior, and his wordtimes of the Messiah are the times, which incontains precepts to be obeyed, as well as tervene between his coming and the end of truths to be believed. (Note, 1 Thes. 4:1–5.) | the world.-Whether the restoration of Israel By the establishment of the gospel, the Lord to their own land, and of Jerusalem to its prisbécoines Judge among the nations, who will- tine glory, of being the capital city of the reliingly submit to his authority, and make him gious world, be intended, events will shew; the arbiter of their differences: and by his re- but certainly something far beyond the crushbukes and convictions, the instructions that he || ing of the opposing powers is meant, by men's gives, and the grace which he bestows, he pro-||"learning war no more.” (Notes, Ez. 38: 39: motes peace as well as purity. If all men Rev. 19:11--21. 20:1-6.), "The prophet ad. were consistent Christians, there could be no dresses himself to those Jews of later times, war: as far as Christianity has prevailed on 'that should live, when the glad tidings of the earth, wars have been conducted with far l 'gospel were published, and exlorts them to greater humanity, than before: as far as it pre- \ 'make use of those means of grace, which God vails in our hearts it disposes us to peace and 'would so plentifully afford them; and not conlove: and we may assuredly expect, ere long, 'tinue stubborn or refractory, as their forefasuch a general promulgation of the gospel, as 'thers had done.' Lowth. will literally fulfil the terms of this prophecy, Shall beat their swords, &c. (4) The prophet in the universal prevalence of peace and in- | Joel has reversed the figurative language, in dustry; and then war shall never more be predicting the wars, by which the millennium either a science, or an occupation. (Notes, 9:6,7, || will be iniroduced. (Note, Joel 3:9-17, v. 10.) v. 7. 11:6-9. os. 72:3–7. Luke 2:8--14, v. 14. V.6–9. The prophet was led, from the view 12]

thee in the dust, for fear of the LORD, 15 And upon every high tower, and and for the glory of his majesty.

upon every fenced wall, 11 The lofty looks of man shall be 16 And upon all the ships of Tarshish, Inumbled, and the haughtiness of men shall and upon all * pleasant pictures. be bowed down, and the LORD alone 17 And k the loftiness of man shall be shall be exalted in that day.

bowed down, and the haughtiness of men 12 For e the day of the Lord of hosts shall be made low: and the LORD alone shall be upon every one that is proud and shall be exalted in that day. lofty, and upon every one that is lifted up; 18 And the idols the shall utterly and he shall be brought low;

abolish. 13 And & upon all the cedars of Leb- 19 And they shall go into the holes anon, that are high and lifted up, and of the rocks, and into the caves of the upon all the oaks of Bashan,

#earth, " for fear of the LORD, and for the 14 And upon all the high mountains, I glory of his majesty, owhen he ariseth to and upon all the hills that are lifted up, shake terribly the earth.

20 In that day a man shall P cast

i 23:1. 1 Kings 10:22. 22:48,49. Zeph. 3:11, 16. Zech. 9:16.

* Heb. pictures of desire.

Ps. 48:7. Rev. 18:17-19.

&6:3—5. Job 31:23. 37:22-24. 21. Joel 3:18. Am. 9:11. Ob. Ps. 90:11. Jer. 10.7, 10. Luke 8. Mic. 4:6. 5:10. 7:11,12.

125. Rev. 15:3,4.
b 17. 5:15. 13:11. 24:21. Job 40: e 13:6,9. Jer. 46:10. Ez. 13:5.

10-12, Ps. 18:27. Jer. 50.31, Am. 5:18. Mal. 4:5. 1 Cor. 5:
32. Mal. 4:1. Luke 18:14. 1 5. 1 Thes. 5:2.
Pet. 5:5.

f 23.9. Prov. 6:16,17. 16:5. c 5:16. 12:4. Jer. 3.24. 1 Cor. 1: Dan. 4:37, 5.20—24. Matt. 23: 29/31. 2 Cor. 10:17.

12. Luke 14:11. Jam. 4:6. d 4:1. 11:10.11. 12:1,4. 24:21. 25: g 10:33,3-4. 14:8. 37:24. Ez. 31: 9. 25:1. 27:1,2,12,13. 28:5. 29: 3-12. Am. 2:5. Zech. 11:1,2. 18. 52:6. Jer. 30:7,8. Ez. 38: 30:25. 40:4. Ps. 68:16. 110:5, 14.19. 39:11,22. Hos. 2:16, 18, 6. 2 Cor. 10:5.

Num. 33:52. Rev. 18:11,12.
k See on 11.- 13:11. Jer. 48:29,

30. Ez. 28:27.
1 27:9. Ez. 36:25. 37:23. Hos.
14:8. Zeph. 1:3. Zech. 13:2.
+ Or, shall utterly pass away.
m See on 10,21.-1 Sam. 13.6.

14:11. Jer. 16:16. Hos. 10.8.
Mic. 7:17. Heb. 11:38. Rev.

6:15. 9:6.
Heb. dust.

See on 10.-2 Thes. 1.9.
o 30:32. Ps. 7:6. 18:1-15. 76:7.
-9.114:5-7. Mic. 1:3,4. Nah.
1:3—6. Hab. 3:3—14. Hag.
2:6,21,22, Heb. 12:26. 2 Pet.
3:1C-13. Rev. 6:12-14. 11:
13,19, 16:38. 20.11.
p 30:22. 31.7. 46:1,2. Hos. 14:8.

Phil. 3:7,8.

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of the glorious times, which were at length to own glory and authority, by ahasing them for arrive, to reflect on the deplorable state of re- their pride; and especially the most exalted ligion among the Jews in his days. He fore- and ambitious of them. For that day of his saw that the Lord was about to reject his peo- vengeance would peculiarly affect the haughty, ple, and speaks to him of it as if already done:) and the eminent, who were advanced above and be proceeds to assign the reasons of the others, as the stately cedars on the lofty sumdivine conduct. He observes, that they were mits of Lebanon, or as the oaks in the forests "replenished from the east," with idols, or idol- of Bashan, or as the mountains and hills above aters, or necromancers; with vices, luxuries, the lowly valleys. And, whilst all their fortiheathenish fashions, and every thing which fications were levelled, and all those things could minister to pride and sensual inclulgence. which ministered to their pride and luxury (-Vote, 2 Chr. 9:13–21, v. 21.) They imitated were destroyed; their distinctions would vanthe Pbilistines in divination and witchcraft: ish, and they would become sensible of their they took delight in the children of strangers, weakness, guilt, and misery: and by this the whom they employed and imitated; and with Lord would utterly destroy idolatry from whom they contracted marriages: and perhaps among them. But of what day does the prophthey even educated their own children after et speak? It may be accommodated to any of the manner of the heathen nations. Whilst those days, when God arises to execute venthe Lord prospered them in their temporal es- geance on guilty nations. The desolations of tate, their grand object was by every method Judah by the Israelites and Syrians, in the to accumulate treasure; and they multiplied reign of Ahaz, (Notes, 2 Chr. 28:5—8.) and the chariots and horses contrary to the law. (Note, ravages of Sennacherib, might form a prelude Deut. 17:16.)—This account of their prosperity to the accomplishment of the prediction: but accords very well with the reign of Uzziah; (2 The taking of Jerusalem by the Chaldears, and Chr. 26:1-15.) but he did not sanction idolatry. the Babylonish captivity, seem especially inIt seems, however, that the land was also fülltended, when idolatry was indeed entirely of idols, which the people, in the lower and abolished among the Jews. The final destruchigher ranks, made and worshipped secretly. tion of Jerusalem by the Romans, and the reIn short their wickedness loudly called for di-jection and clispersion of the Jewish nation, vine judgments; and the prophet says, "There for their opposition to the gospel, might also fore thou wilt not forgive them,” as it might be referred to: and our thoughts are naturally more literally be rendered. (.Noto, 27:7-11, v. led forward to the destruction of all antichris11.) “Plenty of silver and gold could only arise tian enemies, which will introduce the glorious 'from their commerce; particularly from that period before predicted; (.Notes, Rev. 19:11– 'part of it which was carried on by the Red 21.) and to the final consummation ofall things, Sea. This circumstance seems to confine the and the solemnities of the day of judgment.-'prophecy within the liinits above mentioned,' The prophets often take occasion to represent (the reigns of Uzziah and of Jotham,) 'while the terrors of the last day, from the particular the port of Elath was in their possession: it judgments, which should befal some one 1a'was lost ander Ahaz, and never recovered.''tion.... Bochart doth probably guess that TarBp. Lowth. (2 Kings 16:6.)

'shish, in its primary signification, was a port V. 10–18. The Jews were here solemnly in Spain, called afterwards Tartessus. But it warned to prepare for most tremendous judg- 1| likewiso

: appears, (by comparing 1 Kings 22: nients. Let them then hide themselves in those 48, with 2 Chr. 20:36.) that there was a place caverns, which were found in the rocks; of the same name near Ophir, famous for its (Notes, Judg. 6:2,3. Luke 23:26–31. Heb. 11:35 “gold, which Ophir the same learned person 38. Rev. 6:12–17.) as dismayed by the dis- places in India. ... Ships of Tarshish siguily in play of the majesty of God, who

was coming 'scripture any trading or merchant ships: acto take vengeance on theni, and to exalt lis l'cordingly here the Septuagint render ine

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