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that it was to this very Mr Parnell fled from Ireland shortly after the that Mr Gladstone (according to Phænix Park murders. his East Retford speech already It is impossible at this moment referred to) was about to hand to predict the termination of the over the chief power as “consti- internecine struggle between the tutional governor of Ireland.” two sections of the Nationalist When they deny Mr Parnell's ac- party, but it is very safe to procount of the Hawarden conference, phesy that it will leave behind it we ask them whether the contrary a spirit of bitterness which cannot of that account is true, and that easily or speedily be allayed. It Mr Gladstone is prepared to do is not our duty, nor is it our dewhat he was not prepared to do in sire, to exult over the conflict of 1886 — namely, to give to the our political foes. It should rather Parliament in Dublin the settle- stimulate us to take the opportunment of the land question and the ity, by pressing forward useful control of the constabulary; and legislation, to show the Irish when they talk of the “union of people that it is our policy to hearts,” we point to the heated help Ireland, and to encourage discussions at the meetings of the Irishmen to help themselves. If Irish Parliamentary party, and to we do this, and only seek this adthe bitter conflict now raging vantage from the divisions of our throughout the whole of Ireland, opponents, we shall show to the and we ask whether these afford people of Ireland that it is the the slightest indication, or can Unionist party which really deinspire the smallest hope, that to serves their support. The best hand the government of Ireland friends of Ireland are those who over to either of the contending will help her to shake off the desparties would be a proceeding potism of illegal organisations and which could, by any possibility, the tyranny of secret societiesproduce harmony in the country, who will teach her that no nation and tend in the most infinitesimal ever prospered which did not redegree to the pacification, the con- cognise, obey, and support the tentment, and the prosperity of laws which protect life and proIreland ? If we desired further perty against lawlessness and outproofs of the impossibility of rage-who will point out to her trusting the “Nationalists” with that equal participation in the “Home Rule," we need only point rights and privileges of a mighty out that the two sections of their empire is better for any country party are both openly bidding for than the isolation of her nationthe support of the anti - British ality for sentimental or political element. It is an instructive fact reasons; and that in her own case, that upon

the

very same day whilst her children have assisted (December 18) there appeared on and do assist in promoting the welMr Parnell's side the “appeal” to fare and maintaining the strength the “children of those (rebels) of the British empire, their fellowwho fought in ’98,” and on the citizens in Great Britain have no side of the anti - Parnellites the other wish than to see Ireland hapletter of approval which Mr Justin ру and contented -no more earnest M'Carthy exultingly read to his desire than that their Irish brethpacked meeting at Cork from Pat- ren should march side by side with rick Egan, the man convicted by them upon the onward path of the Special Commission as one of progressive improvement. the dynamite conspirators, and who

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MR FROUDE assures that shillings, should now bring as since the palmy days of Imperial many pounds, is one of those tanRome there has been no age so talising caprices of fashion which devoted to luxury as

it is impossible to explain. Then Apart altogether from its grosser the passion for sumptuous books manifestations, one is often tempt- is manifestly growing. During ed to confess that he is right. The the past month, for instance, a LonEnglish or American millionaire don publisher has issued two volhas become rich beyond the dreams umes relating to Scotland, which of avarice or Monte Cristo; and are certainly among the most what has been easily gained is splendid ever published in this lavishly spent. Some of his country,—Mr Gibb’s Relics of foibles, indeed, do not need to be the Royal House of Stuart,' and excused. The first edition of a the large - paper edition of Mrs great poem, like the Pisa “ Adon- Oliphant's · Royal Edinburgh.' ais,” has, no doubt, an appreciable These are books which rich people interest of its own; and many of only can afford to buy. But the us, it may be assumed, would like cost of producing such works is so to read · Vanity Fair' or Pick- great, that unless the sale is comwick' again in the old green and paratively large there must be a yellow covers. But why first edi- very narrow margin of profit. The tions of Rossetti or Swinburne or Stuart book costs seven guineas Matthew Arnold, which could be net, and five hundred copies have had a few years back for a few been printed for sale here and in

Royal Edinburgh. By Mrs Oliphant. Illustrated by George Reid, R.S.A. London: Macmillan & Co., 1890.

Relics of the Royal House of Stuart. Illustrated by a Series of 40 Plates in Colours by William Gibb, with an Introduction by John Skelton, C.B., LL.D. London: Macmillan & Co., 1891.

VOL. CXLIX.-NO. DCCCCIV,

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America. Most of the copies, it is admirable and striking drawings stated, have been already sold to of “the grey metropolis of the subscribers, and in the course of a North ” are extremely fine. Edinfew weeks the price will probably burgh has always been the delight be raised. And this is one only of the artist; but she is certainly of some ten or twelve books, nearly at her best in Mr Reid's spirited if not quite as costly, which have presentation. The extraordinarily appeared within the year! From graphic force, the vigorous idioall which we deduce that, in so far, matic personality, of this essentialat least, as sumptuous books are ly Scotch artist, have never been concerned, the will and the ability sufficiently recognised out of Scotto buy were never more marked land. The portraits in "Johnny than at present.

Moreover, the Gibb’must always remain inimtaste for lavish, if not ostentatious itable; in them his native genius and indiscriminate, expenditure, most completely expressed itself : is not confined to books; it em- but for purely artistic work we braces the whole of the fine arts : do not remember anything that and the competition for a buxom he has done which is quite equal wench by Millais or an emaciated to one or two of the sketches in saint by Burne-Jones, for a Jap- this book; and all of them will

a scrap of old contribute to make him better china, is brisker than ever. known across the Border.

The Stuart Relics' is a book Of Mr Gibb's drawings, too, it of illustrations; Royal Edin- is difficult to speak too warmly. burgh' is an illustrated book. For deftness of manipulation, acThe letterpress in the one is al- curacy of eye, fineness of touch, together subordinate to the pic- they may be compared with the tures; in the other the letter- missal-work of the medieval artist. press and the pictures are of not They manifest the same absolute unequal value. Mr Skelton's in- sincerity, the same patient truthtroduction is merely a succinct fulness; the labour must have and rapid résumé of the elaborate been immense, but it is never apologies for the Stuarts and their shirked, and every shade of colour, adherents which will be found in every line of the most intricate his other works, and notably and elaborate design, is reproduced in “Maitland of Lethington’; with entire fidelity.

It was whereas Mrs Oliphant's narrative happy thought to preserve in this is not only lively and picturesque, imperishable form (for, after all, but is original in the sense that a sheet of paper, fragile as it we have here the first-fruits of looks, is as durable as bronze or the independent research which marble) the most characteristic of she has lately undertaken into the relics which were brought tothe earlier records of her native gether for a month or two during country. Whatever comes from the winter and spring of 1889.1 Mrs Oliphant is sure to be in- The Stuart Exhibition was a great teresting; and this sketch of the success; and we trust that this Scotland of the Stuarts is emorial, on which so much skill brilliant and vivacious any- and labour and money have been thing she has written.

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spent, will be equally successful. gravings from Mr George Reid's There can be no doubt, at least,

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1 Mainly through the industry and intelligence of Mr Leonard Lindsay, to whom a word of thanks might have been given by the compilers of the volume.

that it merits success. Such a and, on its picturesque side, full book, indeed, could only have been justice has been done to it by Mrs produced within the last few years, Oliphant. She appreciates with when the new processes connected the instinct of a practised storywith the lithographic art have teller the tragic element in each been brought to something like of their lives; and the portraits of perfection. Many of the plates the five Jameses in particular are are marvellously fine; the draw- faithfully drawn and finely disings of the Scottish regalia and criminated. It is just possible of the relics more directly asso- that she has done scant justice to ciated with Mary Stuart, for in- James III., and more than justice stance, have all the freshness, to James IV.; but her view is delicacy, and spirit of the best the popular one, and naturally so ; water-colours. There is no glare for James IV., though rash and or crudity of tone to offend the vainglorious, was a brave soldier eye, and yet the general effect is who died on the battle-field with brilliant in the extreme. 1

his face to the foe. Mary also is Mrs Oliphant and Mr Skelton a notable figure; and though we have moved very much along the are not sure that Mrs Oliphant same lines. Mrs Oliphant takes has mastered the problem of her the capital of Scotland as the life, she has tried hard to be imstarting-point for a history of the partial. She recognises the great Stuart sovereigns up to the time and commanding qualities of Mary, when Edinburgh ceased to be the as she recognises the great and capital of a community which had commanding qualities of Knox; hitherto regarded their neighbours and her ultimate award is probon the other side of the Tweed as ably as just as in such an intricate - the auld enemy."

The Stuart business the award of mere man relics furnish Mr Skelton with the or woman can now be. It would text for a somewhat more exten- not be in accordance with the sive survey;

He traverses the practice of our courts to put Mary same ground up to the Union of or Bothwell into the witness-box; the Crowns; but he follows the but if we could cross - examine Stuarts to England : Cromwell, the Morton, or Moray, or Huntly, we Civil War, the Court of Charles would unquestionably learn a good II., Montrose, Claverhouse, St deal more than we are ever likely John, the Revolution of 1688, to learn from the documents that Prince Charlie's adventure in the remain. 245, are passed in rapid review. One of the most striking qualities The conclusions of the two writers of the Stuarts was their persistent have been independently arrived vitality,—their determination, in at ; but upon the whole, Mrs spite of every sort of discourageOliphant and Mr Skelton are in ment, not to die out. For more substantial accord.

than five hundred years a great The history of the Stuart family Scottish family, remotely of Noris a brilliant and romantic one ; man extraction, played a not in

1 Both the “Stuart Relics' and Royal Edinburgh' have been printed in Edinburgh-as was proper and fitting; and both reflect the utmost credit upon the present representatives of a trade with which many of the best traditions of the northern metropolis are associated. The manner in which Mr Gibb's drawings have been reproduced by Messrs M‘Lagan & Cumming of that city has never been surpassed, and cannot be too highly praised.

considerable part in the history of sponsible, they were still found upon Europe. “It was capable of true

the side which in the long-run was

bound to fail. Mary was the repreheroism ; its follies have made it

sentative of Catholicism among a a by-word; yet its tenacity has

people who had definitely accepted been more striking than either

the Reformation. Her son, and her its heroism or its folly. The in- grandson, and her great-grandsons dividual members were short-lived; were the representatives of a theory more than one died on the battle- of kingly right which was inconsistent field ; more than one died on the

with the maxims of popular governscaffold; it was quite exceptional arrest the march of the democracy, as

ment. The later Stuarts strove to indeed for a Stuart to die in his

the earlier had striven to curb the bed; yet the house survived, and power of the aristocracy. It seemed its last direct representative was a at intervals as if they were ready to cardinal of the Church of Rome go with the tide ; but they never within the memory of men now cordially accepted the new order of living.” This persistent tenacity things. It is probable that in their is all the more noticeable, inas

hearts they detested it; they openly

or stealthily resisted it; and to the much as it was associated with

very last, they could not be brought persistent ill - luck. From this

to understand that resistance to the point of view Mr Skelton's sum- inevitable must be fatal. Situated mary of their history is instruc- as they were, they can hardly be tive :

blamed, perhaps, for what we call

their obstinate wrong-headedness; it “A pathetic interest attaches to

was no easy matter even for the the memory of many of the Stuarts. wisest in the sixteenth and sevenIt may be said with some truth, teenth centuries, to follow out to its though it sounds like paradox, that end all that the new departure in their history, almost from the begin- Church and State involved. The ning, is the history of a losing cause. notion that the exiled princes, who Collectively, as well as individually, attempted to recover what they conthey failed. They bore themselves sidered their birthright, could succeed, bravely ; there was not a poltroon was the dream of a fanatical fidelity among them ; even the sixth James, which was blind but not ignoble. in spite of his nervous infirmities, The rebellion of 1745 was only a could not justly be called a coward. dashing foray, which, even if Charles The women were as high-spirited as Edward had entered London as he the men ; Mary's intrepidity was not

entered Edinburgh, could have had exceptional, and of Mary her bitterest

no permanent result. The Stuarts enemy declared that “albeit the most

had become impossible, and the rising part waxed weary, yet the Queen's of the clans was the last flicker of the courage increased manlike, so much

flame. It has been said that there that she was ever with the foremost.'

were men to whom a smile from But life was very hard with them; Mary on her scaffold would have been the assertion of what they held to be

more than any Ribbon or Garter that their rights involved a constant con

the prosperous Elizabeth could beflict; the hostile forces were formid

stow; and the unavailing heroism of able and persistent. They were the

the men who clung with obstinate victims of war, of treason, of foreign devotion to the last of her unhappy craft, of domestic conspiracy. One house has not been unappreciated after the other went down in the

either by the people or by their protracted struggle with feudalism.

poets. In When the power of the great nobles waned, when March, and Douglas, “Knoydart, Moydart, Morar, Ardgour, and Hamilton had ceased to be rivals,

and Ardnamurchan,' their ill - luck still pursued them. Charles Edward is still a name to Whether from some fatal defect of conjure with ; while from Solway to character, or whether from circum- Pentland the 'butcher' of Culloden is stances for which they were not re- classed with the traitor of Glencoe.”

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