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whatsoever to the French Government, nomination of surety, deposit, or consignduring the different wars which have taken ment, into their respective territories, shall place since 1792.

be faithfully reimbursed. His Most Christian Majesty, on his part, Art. XXIII.-The functionaries holding renounces every claim which he might situations requiring securities, who are bring forward against the Allied Powers not charged with the expenditure of pubon the same grounds. In execution of this lic money, shall be reimbursed at Paris, article, the high contracting parties engage with the interest, by fifths and by the reciprocally to deliver up all titles, obli- year, dating from the signature of the pregations, and documents, which relate to sent treaty. With respect to those who the debts they may have mutually can are accountable, this reimbursement shall celled.

commence, at the latest, six months after Ant. XIX.—The French Government thc presentation of their accounts, except engages to liquidate and pay all debts it only in cases of malversation. A copy of may be found to owe in comtries beyond the last accout shall be transmitted to its own territory, on account of con the government of their countries, to serve tracts, or other formal engagements be for their information and guidance. tween individuals, or private establish Art. XXIV.-The judicial deposits and ments, and the French authorities, as well consignments upon the “caisse d'amorfor supplies, as in satisfaction of legal en tissementin the execution of the law of gagements.

28 Nivose, year 13, (18th January, 1805) Art. XX.--The high contracting par. and which belong to the inhabitants of ties, immediately after the exchange of the the countries France ceases to po:sess, ratifications of the present treaty, shail shall, within the space of one year from the name commissioners to direct and super- exchange of the ratifications of the present jutend the execution of the whole of the treaty, be placed in the hands of the stipulations contained in the 18th and authorities of the said countries, with the 19th Articles. These commissioners shall exception of those deposits and consigne undertake the examination of the claims ments interesting French subjects, which referred to in the preceding Articles, the last will remain in the “ cuisse d'umor. liquidation of the sims claimed, and the lissement,” and will only be given up on consideratiou of the manner in which the the production of the vouchers, resulting French Government may propose to pay from the decisions of competent antho. them. They shall also be charged with rities. the delivery of the titles, bonds, and the Art. XXV.-The funds deposited by the documen's relating to the debts which the corporations and public establishments in high contracting parties mutually cancel, the “ caisse de service, and in the “cuisse so that the approval of the result of l'amortissement," or other “caisse,” of the their labouss shall complete that reciprocal French government, sliall be reimbursed Fenunciation,

by fiftlis, payable from year to year, to Art. XXI.--The debts, which in their commence from the date of the present origin were specially mortgaged upon the treaty; deducting the advances which countries no longer belonging to France, have taken place, and subject to suclu or were contracted for the support of their regular charges as may have been brought interual administration, shall remain at ile forward against these funds by the crecharge of the said countries. Such of ditors of the said corporations, and the those debts as have been converted into said public establishments. inscriptions in the great book of the pub Art. XXVI.- From the 1st day of Jaliç debt of France, shall accordingly be muary, 1811, the French Government shall accounted for with the French Government

cease to be charged with the payment of after the 22d of Decemher, 1813.

pensions, civil, military, and ecclesiastical; The deeds of all those debts which liave pensions for retirement, and allowances been prepared for inscription, and have for reduction, to any individnal who shall not yet been entered, shall be delivered

cease to be a French subject. to the governments of the respective

Art. XXVII.-National domains accountries. The statement of all these quired for valuable considerations by debts shall be drawn up and settled by a

French subjects in the late departments joint commission.

of Belgiuin, and of the left bank of the Art. XXII.-The French Government Rhine and the Alps beyond the ancient shall remain charged with the reimburse- limits of France, and which now cease to ment of all sumis paid by the subjects belong to her, sirall be guaranteed to the of the said countries into the French

purchasers, coffers, whether under the denomination

Art. XXVIII.--The abolition of the of surety, deposit, or consignment. « droits d'Aubaine," de Detraction,” and

In like manner all French subjects, other duties of the same nature, in the employed in the service of the said coun

countries which have reciprocally made #ries, who have paid sums under the de: that stipulation with France, of which MONTHLY MAG, No. 256.

have

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558
Public Affairs in June.

[July 1, have been formerly incorporated, shall be abolition of the Slave Trade, so that the expressly maintained.

said trade shall cease 'universally, as it Art. XXIX.--The French Government shall cease definitively, under any circumengages to restore all bonds, and other stances, on the part of the French Govern deeds which may have been seized in the ment, in the course of five years; and provinces occupied by the French armies that, during the said period, no slave mer. or administrations; and, in cases where chant shall import or seli slaves, except such restitution cannot be effected, these in the Colonies of the State of which he bonds and deeds become and continue is a -!hjøet. void.

Art. 11.--The Britislı and French Go. Art. XXX.-The sums which shall be vernments shall nanie, without delay, due for all works of public etility not yet Commissioners to liqmdate the accounts finished, or finished after the 31st of of their respective expences for the mainDecember, 1812, whether on the Rhme, tenance of prisoners of war, in order to

the departments detached from deter:vine the manner of paying the France by the present treaty, shall be balance which shall appear in favour places to the account of the future posses- of the one on the other of the two powers. sors of the terriyory, and shall be paid by Art. III.--The respective prisoners of the commission charged with the liquida- war, before their departure from the tion of the debts of that country.

place of their detention, shall be obliged Art. XXXI - All archieves, maps, to discharge the private debts they may plans, and documents whatever, belong. have contracted, or shall at least give ing to the crded countries, or respecting sufficient security for the amount. their alministration, shall be faithfully Art. IV.-- Immediately after the ratifigiven up at the same time with the said ation of the present Treaty of Peace, countries; or, if that should be impossible, the sequesters wluch, since the year 1792; wit in a perio:i not exceeding six monihs (one thousand seven hundred and ninety after tlie cession of the countries theni. two) may have been laid on the funds, seives.

revenues, debts, or any other effects of Tins stipulation applies 10 archieves, the high contracting parties or their sub maps, and plates, which may have heen jects, shall be taken off. carried asray from the countries during The commissioners mentioned in the their temporary occupation by the different 2d article, shall undertake the examination armies.

of the claims of his Britannic Majesty's Art. XXXII.-All the Powers engaged subjects upon the French Government, for on either side in the present war, shiall, the value of the property, moveable or within the space of two months, send iinmoveable, illegally confiscated by the Plenipotentiaries to Vienna, for the pur- French anthorities, as also for the total or pose of regulating, in general Congress, partial loss of their debts or other prothe arrangements which are to complete perty, illegally detained under sequester the provisions of the present treaty, since the year 1792, (one thousand seven

Art. XXXIII.--The present treaty shall hundred and niyety-two.) be ratified, and the ratificati ns shall be France engages to act towards British exchanged' within the period of fifteen subjects in thi, respect, in the same spirit days, or sooner if possible.

of justice which the French snbjects have in witness whereof, the respective experienced in Great Britain; and his Plenipotentiaries have signed and affixed Britannic Majesty, desiring to concur in to it the seals of their arms.

the new pledge which the Allied Powers Done at Paris, the thirtieth of May, in have given to his imost Christian Majesty, the year of our Lord, one thousand eight of their desire to obliterate every trace huired and fouteen.

of that disastrous epocha, so happily tere (L.S.) CASTLEREIGH,

minated by the present peace, engages on (L.S.) BERDEEN.

his part, when compiete justice shall be ren (L.S.) CATICART.

dered to his subjects, to renounce the whole (LS.) CHARLES STEWART, Lient.-Gen. amount of the balance which shall appear in (L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. his favour for the support of the prisoners of ADDITIONAL ARTICLE.

war, so that the ratification of the report Art. 1.--His most Christian Majesty, of the above commissioners, and the dis: concurriug, without resive, in the sen charge of the sums due to British subjects, timents of his. Britannic Majesty, with as well as the restitution of the effects respect to a description of traitie repuestos which shall be proved to belong to them, nant to the principles of natural justice shall complete the renuriciation. and' of the enlightened age in wluch we Art. v.-The two high contracting live, engages to aire all his efforts to parties, desiring to establish the most those of his Britannic Majesty, at the friendly relations between their respective approaching Congress, to induce all the subjects, reserve to themselves, and proPowers of Christendom to decrec que mise to come to a mutual understanding

and arrangement, as soon as possible, upon in the year of our Lord one thousand eight their commercial interests, with the view linndred and fourteen. of enconraging and increasing the pros. (L.S.) CASTLEREAGH. perity of th ir respective States.

(L.S.) ABERDEEN. The present additional articles shall have (L.S.) CATHCART. the same force and validity as if they (L.S.) CHARLES STEWART, Lieut. Gen. were inserted, word for word, in the treaty (L.S.) LE PRINCE DE BENEVENT. patent of this day. They shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at

On the 13th instant, the Chancellor the same time.

of the Exchequer laiil before the House In witness whereof, the respective Ple

of Commons, the Budget of the year, hipotentiaries have signed and affixed to independently of the consolidated fund of them the seals of their arms.

about forty niillions, which he considered Done at Paris, the thirtieth day of May, as appropriated by the interest of the

public debt. 1813.

SUPPLIES, 1314. 20,575,011 Navy, (exclusive of Ordnance Sea-Service).

18,786,509 18,926,537 Army, (including Ireland) with Barracks and Commissariat 18,121,173 9,500,000 Extraordinary (England)

9,000,000 200,000 Ditto Ireland)

9,200,000

200,000 4,662,797 Unprovided diłto, last Year

6,350,132 5,101,29+ Ordnance (including Irelanı).

3,955.658 2,500,000 Miscellaneous

2,500,000 6,000,600 ? Vote of England

3,000,000 200,000 $ Credit Ireland

200,000 $

3,200,000 Subsidies voted

3,000,000 Ditto to be voted

1,200,000 Bills of Credit

1,000,000

67,318,47%

Joint Charge

SEPARATE CHARGES.
141,836 Loyalty Loan
1,800,000 Interest on Exchequer Bills

40,000 Ditto on Debentures
260,000 Grant to Sinking Fund in respect of Exchequer?

Bills unprovided
Repayment of Exchequer Bills

71,320 1,900,000

49,780 290,000 6,000,000

8,811,100

75,624,57%

Deduct Irish proportion of £67,313,472........
Ditto Civil List and Consolidated Fund

7,919,232

187,862

8,107,094

67,517,094

Total for England 1813.

WAYS AND MEANS. 8,000,000 Annual Duties 81,000,000 War Taxes

200,000 Lottery 6,000,000 Vote of Credit

531,096 Naval Stores (English proportion) 21,000,000 First Loan

Second ditto

9,000,000 20,500,000

200,000 3,000,000

508,545 22,000,000 18,500,000

£67,708,545 No credit was taken for any surplus of He stated the terms of the loan to be as consolidated fund, it having fallen short favourable to the public as could be exof what was expected; and hence it was pected, and as likely to be favourable also not decmed adviseable to rely upon it for to the contractors. The charge of tlie this year. In'tlie taxes there has been a loan is to be mrt by cancelling redeemned deficiency in one branch alone, the cos. stock, The general view taken of the toms, about one million in the okl duties, state of our finances was, in his opiniov, and eight hundied thousand pounds in the extremely gratifying. For neariy twenty

But the deficiency in the customs years we have been engaged in the most is more than balanced by the surplus in ai duons and expensive struggle that this other branches of the revenue. in the or any other country ever knew; and yet excise, one million; in the stamp and post a loan of twenty-four millions has been office duties; in the assessed taxes, a mil raised at less than tive per ceut. interest, Dous in the property tax, two millious, or less than the legal interest of money!

402

Before

new

560
Public Affairs in June.

[July 1, Before the last loan of twenty-four mil causes of Britain's glory, such the springs lions, the total of the public debt, as oori of her industry, and such the basis on ginally funded, was 993,077,608l. 25. 7 d. which arises the personal character of and the debt unredeemed, and due to the her people. Yet it is at the same time public creditor, was 717,509,556l. Os. 4 d. too true, that all Englishměn are not The interest on the debt unredeemed, freemen, that many of them are slaves was 24,397,2671. 145. 8 d. and the total in spirit and in practice, nuisances on a charge of debt, being interest, and lisc, free soil, and fitter subjects for Turkey and other annuities, charges of manage than for England. Our forefathers; ment, and amounts for redemption, was however, left us the legacy of freedom, 99,337,216l. 35. 81d. Of course the and through not cherished as it ought to WAR TAXcs of twentyanne millions, and be, and often basely sold and comprofuither loans, are the only means of sup- mised, yet we enjoy many of its moral porting the peace establishinent ! and political effects, and there remain

The visit of the Emperor of Russia among us a numerous and resolute band, and the King of Prussia, forms a seature who duly appreciate it, and who, if of the times honourable to them and to needful, would spill the last drop of the English people. They came atnong their blood in its defence and preser. us, particularly Alexander, for the osten. vation. sible purpose of cementing the peace of These observations are drawn from us Europe, and of profiting by those insti- at this time, by the nauseating and loathtutions which have been nurtured in some language of many, very many, of England by that public spirit which the London papers, the editors of which is the consequence of pullic liberty. make sport of the best feelings of EnWhether similar effects can be expected glishmen, and set at nought all that is to arise without the aid of similar causes sacred in the great causes of humanity --whether the MAGNANIMOUS ALEXAN. and liberty. Practised in the arts of de Der proposes to confer on his subjects clamation, they pollute and poison the greater public privileges or whether fountains of truth, which flow, or ought he supposes ihat the institutions and to flow, through the medium of the pubspirit of freemen can be forced, like lic press, confounding agent and patient, other exotics, on the soil of Russia, we cause and effect, vice and virtue, truth shall not stop to determine; but nothing and falsehood, with a degree of dexte. is more indubitable than that, for every rity and effrontery, that astound and thing enjoyed by Britain more than is overwhelin the multitude, while they fill enjoyed by ber neighbours, she is in- with grief and dismay those who compredebied primarily to the independence of hend the illusions of their sophistry, and her people, arising from her insular si. the artifices of their eloquence. tuation--to their independence, arising To avoid details, for which we bave from the enjoyment and exercise of an not room, we have subjoined, in chronoenlarged degree of public liberty--and logical order, the dates of the progresses to that public spirit, which grows out of of these sovereigns during their memora. the sense of personal independence, felt, ble visit. more or less, by all her inhabitants. On the afternoon of Monday, the 6th of LIBERTY, and nothing but LIBERTY, is June, the Emperor Alexander, and Frethe talisman which produces the moral derick-William, King of Prussia, landed at and social effects that make Britain the Dover, having been conveyed thither from theine of admiration among other na

Boulogne in the Impregnable man-of-war, tions; and, though we applaud the be. commanded by the Duke of Clarence, as

admiral of the fleet. blevolent intentions of sovereigns who desire to make their countries as much perial and royal strangers entered London,

Sleeping that night at Dover, the ima. as possible like Britain, yet they will

in a private manner, on the afternoon of want that which is more essential than Tuesday the 7th; the Emperor lodging at power-the spirit of liberty among their the Pulteney Hotel, Piccadilly, previously subjectsmand though they may do much occupied by his sister the Duchess of ol. good, yet they can render no country denburgh; and the King of Prussia, in like a land of liberty without that inde. apartments prepared for him in the Stable. pendence of the people, which can only Yard, St. James's. de created by a house of representatives,

On the following morning, the 8th, the freely and independently chosen, and by minster Abbey and Hall, the British Mue

Emperor visited Kensington Gardens, West*. Trial by juries of their pairs impurtiully seun, &c. and in the afternoon was prea culled to that duty. Such are the true sented, as was the King of Prussia, to her

Majestyy

Majesty, in full court, at the Queen's Pa. with the usual formalities in the afternoon lace, and splendidly entertained by the The evening was set apart for a most suRègent.

perb entertainment and ball, provided by On Thursday the 9th, the Emperor rode the members of White's club, in Burlingalong Westminster-bridge, and through ton-honse and gardens, at a cost of nearly Southwark by London-bridge, into the 40,0001. city. Passing by the Mansion-house, the Tuesday the 21st, was employed in ta. Royal Exchange, &c. the party proceeded king leave of the royal family, and in other through Finsbury-square into the City, preparations for departure. road, which carried them to Tavistock and On Wednesday morning the 22d, both Russell Squares, and Paddington, whence sovereigns left London, the Emperor prethey returned to the hotel. They after- viously viewing the Tower of London, to wards visited St. Paul's and the London be present at the naval exhibition prepaDocks. In the afternoon, the Emperor red at Portsmouth; from whence to proand the King were admitted Knights of ceed along the coast to Dover, there to the Garter, at Carlton House, and the embark on their return to the continent. absent Emperor of Austria was likewise The expence to tlie government of the declared a companion of the same order. visit, has exceeded 100,000l.. in fetes, no

On Friday the 10th, both sovereignis, velties, and reparations. with their suite, proceeded by way of We feel it due to the Emperor Alex. Richmond and Hampton Court, to Ascot ander and the duchess of Oldenburgh to races, and afterwards dined with her Majesty at Frogmore.

state, that, during their residence in LonOn Saturday the 11th, Alexander paid don, they won the affections and acquired a visit to the Bank; and, in the afternoon, the esteein of all classes of the people gave audience to Lords Erskine, Grenville, by their amiable manners, their rational Grey, Holland, and other distinguished pursuits and their enlightened curiosity. statesmen : after which, both he and Frede. Nothing frivolous occupied their attenrick-William received addresses of congra- tion; but they were indefatigably ello tulation from the lord mayor and the whole gaged day after day, or rather hour after corporation of London. In the evening, hour, except when called on to accept both parties appeared in the Opera-house. the civilities of hospitality, in examining

On Sunday the 11th, the King of Prussia, whatever is useful and meritorious in our with his family and suite, attended divine public or private establishments. The ander at the chapel of his ambassador in fatigues of a campaign could not have Welbeck-street. Both sovereigns after.

been greater than those endured by wards rode for a considerable time in Hyde Alexander during his sojourn in London; Park, amidst at least 150,000 people.

and any man of less temperate habits, Monday the 18th was set apart for an ex and less energy of character, could not cursion down the river to visit the dock-yard for so many days have undergone the and arsenal at Woolwich, Greenwich, &c. same incessant pursuits of curiosity and

Tuesday the 14th and Wednesday the pleasure, without injury to his health, 15th, were employed in an excursion to Peter the Great, or Napoleon himself, Oxford, Blenheim, Stowe, &c. of which an could noi bave pursued what is great and account is given under the head Oxfordshire, useful with more ardour than this Prince; in our Provincial Occurrences. On Thursday the 16th, the sovereigns he is for the grace of his manners, found

while the Regent of England, famed as were present in St. Paul's, at the annual

a rival in Alexander, in whatever adds assembly of 8000 charity children of the metropolis ! and, in the evening, they visit the fascinations of person to those of ed Drury-lane Theatre.

rank, fáme, and power. Of the King On Friday the 17th, they dined in great but the modesty and amenity of his cha

of Prussia we have seen and heard less, magnificence with the city merchants, at Merchant-taylors' Hall, at a cost of 10,0001. racter, leads us to wonder how, in 1805,

On Saturday the 18th, they accompanied he permitted his ministers to assert those the Prince Regent, in grand procession, to claims on Hanover which led to the fatal a most splendid banquet given by the city battle of Jena, and to all the wars which of London in Guildhall, which cost nearly have since desolated the Continent of 30,0001.

Europe. On Sunday afternoon, the 19th, they kind if their destinies depended more on

Happy would it be for mane dined at Oatlands, with the Duke of York the personal character of such princes, and the Duchess, sister of the King of Prussia.

as these we have been describing; but, The forenoon of Monday the 20th, was

unfortunately, the good intentions of employed in viewing 10,000 troops, drawn princes are constantly frustrated by up in Hyde Park to fire a feu-de-joie, in wicked, corrupt, and selfish ministers, honour of the PEACE, which was proclaimed who deceive their sovereigns to screen

themselves

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