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352 Monthly Agricultural Report.--Meteorological Report. [July 1, found that vegetation commenced soonest when the decoction of flowers is used, and latest when that of roots.
MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT:
WEDISH and the few yellow Scotch turnips which are sown have been well got
in. The common turnip culture proceeding with activity. The potatoe crop laxariant and forward, and, contrary to former opinion, an equal. breadth with last year planted. Grass very light upon poor lands; on snperior soils heavy, and improving under the present rains. Very little yet cnt, and that chiefly in the vicinity of the metropolis. Tares, rape, &c. a most luxuriant crop, and clover very good. The spring corn looks well, and as yet healthy; but the long continuance of the easterly winds, the alternations since, and want of the solar heat, have retarded the progress towards maturity, and, as far as at present cau be judged, the harvest must be late; and should the cool weather continue there must be considerable defect both in the quantity and quality of the grain. The process of flowering has not yet commenced on the wheats, even of the best soils. A very heavy interest depends on the success of that process. The pea crop wears a very indifferent appearance from its extreme backwardness. Of hops no parti. cular report. The fruit received an early blight, as in last year, and it is to be feared that succession of warm suns, so absolutely necessary to its recovery, will not come in time. The quantity of spring wheat sown this season unusually small, but the breadth of the wheat crop in general upon the most extensive scale; and if productive its quantity will in all prohability considerably overtop the annual consumption of this country, from which, and other considerations, the exportation bill is wise and judicious. In wool no alteration.
Cattle markets universally heavy, and the dealers fully aware of a still farther and considerable decline. Milch cows fetch a fair price.
Smithfield: Becf 5s. to 6s.--Mutton 6s, to 75.- Veal 6s. to 88.-Lamb ditto.-Pork ditto.--Bacon 88.-Irish ditto 6s. to 6s. 60.-Skins 50s.-Fat 5s. 4d.-Potatoes 41. to 71.-Oil-cake 161.
Corn Exchange: Wheat 40s. to 735.-Barley 25s. to 368.-Oats 14s. to 30s.--The quartern loaf 112..--Hay 41. to 51. 10s.-Clover ditto 61. to 71. 78.-Straw 11. 10s. to 21. 2s.
Middlesex, June 20, 1814.
Observations on the State of the Weather, from the 20th of May to the 20th of
June, 1814, inclusive, Four Miles N.N.W. of St. Paul's.
This great variation
occurred between the This trifting
13th and 14th days of Greatest variation has
June, on the former 3-tenths yariation in
Greatest occurred seve
the hottest part of the
variation in 199.
day was only 58%,
whereas at the same hour on the 14th the thermometer stood at 770.
The quantity of rain fallen this month is equal to 54 inches in depth.
The temperature for the month has been low; the average being not greater than 52o. But once has the mercury stood as high as summer heat, and on that day, viz. the 14th, the heat for several hours seemed almost suffocating; the day was remarkably gloomy, and in the course of the following night there was a very severe storm of thunder and lightning, accompanied with much rain. The average height of the barometer for the month is equal to 29.585. There have been 11 brilliant days, and 9 on which there has been rain ; of the remainder 7 may be reckoned fair and 4 cloudy. The wind has again blown cicly from the east, the weather has been extremely cold for the
STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN JUNE.
policy pursued towards the kings of ENEATH we introduce the articles Saxony and DENMARK, and the perB В
of that treaty which will henceforth severing deterininauon to extinguish be known in history under the name of POLAND from the map of Europe and the TREATY of Paris. It is sufficient by discovering that the FREE C:) NÝTITUto recommend it to our approbation, TION of France, which promised so much that it puts an end to the senseless benefit to ber king and people, and slaughter of our species, and restores under which the counter-revolution was the nations of Europe to those relations effected, has been injudiciously subverted, of amity which ought never to hate been and the sacred name of constitution applied disturbed. People who have for twenty to arrangeinents which serve only 10 four years been deluded by the artifices give colour to unlimited and arbitrary of weak or wicked politicians, may per- power! haps console themselves for the enor If such acts are the means of disturb. mous sacrifices of Britain, in the terms ing the unanimity of mankind at au of this treaty; but, for our parts, as we auspicious moment if they excite the do not measure advantages by mere abhorrence of all thinking men at a names, so we do not think that the time when general satisfaction was de acquisition even of all the colonies in sired-and if they prove the cause of a the world could compensate for the revival of those controversies which it expences of the late war; while in a would bave been so easy, so advanta. moral sense they are not worth the geous, and so wise, to bave buried in blood of the meanest man that has been eternal oblivion-who is it that merits shed in attaining them. It ought always censure? to be remembered, that the advantages
TREATY OF PEACE. of wars are problematical and illusory; In the Name of the most Holy und Undividai while their cost, their mischiets, and
Trinity. their nuseries, are certain and inevitable.
His Majesty the King of the United It is true that war may, sometimes
, be Kingslom of Great Britain and Ireland, and unavoidable, but, as we judge only on
his Allies, on the one part, and his Majesty the evidence of authentic documents, the other part, animated by an equal desire
the King of France and of Navarre, on and on the simple lights afforded by to terminate the long ayitations of Europe, truth and reason, we confess we are and the sufferings of mankind, by a perma. unable to discover any such necessity nent peace, founded upon a just repartifor those wars which, in our times, have tion of force between its states, and conproduced such frightful effects.
taining in its stipnlations the pledge of its Most sincerely do we rejoice in the durability; and his Britannic Majesty, togee, return of Peace, because War never did, ther with his Allies, being unwilling to renor ever can, produce any beneficial quire of France, unw that, replaced under or rational results; yet, in the actual the paternal government of her Kings, she state of affairs, those rejoicings in which offers the assurance of security and stabiwe lately took part have been greatly lity to Europe, the conditions and guaranqualified on seeing that vile debasement from ber former government; their said
tees which they hall with regret demanded of religion, reason, and humanity.---The Majesties have named plenipotentiaries to SLAVE TRADE, recognized avd legitimized, discuss, settle, and sign a treaty of peace for the first tiine, as part of the public law anil amity; namely, of Europe, in a solemn treaty between Article 1.-There shall be from this those two powers which, above all others, day forward perpetual peace and friendship ought to have united in supporting the between his Britannic Majesty and his Alcause of civilization and justice, and in lies on the one part, and his Majesty the extirpating so execrable a traffic-by. King of France and Navarre on the other, hearing of the re-establishment of the their heirs and successors, their dominions DETESTABLE INQUISITION in Spain, and and subjects respectively. of the overthrow of all those securities
The high contracting parties shall devote
their best aitention to maintam, not only of liberty which the PATRIOTIC Cortes had so nobly established-by witnessing rends upon them, between all the states of
between themselves, but, inasmuch as dethe measures pursued against Norwar, Europe, that harmony and good understandand the continuance of the war against ing which are so nccessary for their tranAMERICA--by observing the overbearing quillity.
(July i; Art. II.--The kingdom of France re- department of the Moselle and that of tains its limits entire, as they existed on the Mount Tonnerre reaches the departnient 1st of January, 179. It shall furtlier re- of the Lower Rhine, shall follow the line ceive the increase of territory, comprised which separates the cantons of Weissen. within the line established by the following burgh and Bergzabern (on the side of article:
France,) from the cartons of Pirmasens Art. III.--On the side of Belgium, Ger. Dahn, and Anweiler (on the side of Germany, and Italy, the ancient frontiers shall many,) as far as the point near the village be re-established, as they existed on the 1st of Volmersheim, where that line touches of January, 1792, extending from the North the ancient radius of the fortress of Landau. Sea, between Dunkirk and Nieuport, to From this radius, which remains as it was the Mediterranean, between Cagnes and in 1792, the new frontier shall follow Nice, with the following modifications : the arm of the river de la Queich, whiclı
1. In the department of Jemappes, on leaving the said radius at Queichheim the Cantons of Dour, Merbes-le-Chateaii, (that place remaining to France) flows Beaumont, and Chimay, shall belong to near the villages of Merlenheim, KnittelFrance; where the line of demarkation sheim, and Bellieim, (these places also comes in contact with the Canton of Dour, belonging to France) to the Rhine, wnich it shall pass between that canton and those from thence shall continue to form the of Boussu and Paturage, and likewise fur- boundary of France and Germany. ther on it shall pass between the Canton of The main stream (Thalweg) of the Rhine, Merbes-le-Chateau and those of Binck and shall constitute the frontier; provided, Thuin.
however, that the changes which may here%. In the department of Sambre and after take place in the course of that river, Meuse, the cantons of Walcourt, Florennes, shall not affect the property of the islands. Beauraing, and Gedinne, shall belong to The riglit of possession in these islands shall France; where the demarkation reaches be re-established as it existed at the signa. that department, it shall follow the line which ture of the treaty of Luneville. separates the said cantons from the depart 6. In the department of the Doubs, the nient of Jemappes, and from the remaming frontier shall be so regulated as' to comcantons of the department of Sambre and mence above the Rançonnière near Locle, Meuse.
aud follow the Crest of Jura between the 3. In the department of the Moselle, Cernenx, Pequignot, and the village of the new demarkation, at the point where it Fontenelles, as far as the peak of that diverges from the old live of frontier, shall Mountain situated about seven or eight be formed by a line, to be drawn from thousand feet to the north-west of the vil. Perle to Fremersdorff, and by the limit lage of La Brevine, where it shall again which separates the canton of Tholey fall in with the ancient boundary of France, from the remaining cantons of the said de 7. In the department of the Leman, partment of the Moselle.
the frontiers between the French territory, 4. In the department of La Sarre, the the Pas de Vaud, and the different portioins Eatons of Saarbruck and Arneval shall of the territory of the republic of Geneva, continue to belong to France, as likewise (which is to form part of Swisserlands) the portion of the canton of Lebach which remain as they were before the incorporais situated to the south of a line drawn along tion of Geneva with France: But the the confines of the villages of Herchenbach, cantons of Frangy and of St. Julien, (with Ueberhofen, Hilsbachi, and Hall (leaving the exception of the districts situated to these different places out of the French the north of a line drawn from the point frontier) to the point where, in the neigh- where the river of La Laire enters the terhourhood of Qwer:elle, (which place belongs ritory of Geneva, near Chancy, following to France, the line which separates the the confines of Sesequin, Laconex, and cantons of Armeyal and Ottweiler reaches Seseneuve, which shall remain ont of the that which separates the cantons of Arne- limits of France, the canton of Reignier, val and Lebach. The frontier on this side with the exception of the portion to the shall be formed by the line above described, east of a line which follows the confines of and afterwards by that which separates the the Muraz Bussy, Pers, and Cornier, which canton of Arneval from that of Bliescastel. sliall be out of the French limits) and the
5. The fortress of Landau having before canton of La Roche (with the exception the year 1792, formed an insulated point of the places called La Roche, and Ar-' in Germany, France retains beyond her manoy, with their districts,) shall remain frontiers a portion of the departments of to France. The frontier shall follow the Mount Tonnerre and of the Lower Rhine, limits of these different cantons, and the for the purpose of uniting the said fortress line which separates the districts continuing and its radius to the rest of the kingdom. to belong to France, from those which she
The new demarkation from the point does not retain. in the neighbourhood of Obersteinbach In the department of Montblanc, France (which place is left ont of the limits of acquires the sub-prefecture of Chambery, France) where the boundary betweeu the with the exception of the cantons of L'Hôn
pital, St. Pierre d'Albigny, la Rocette, paid to the establishment of the principles, and Montmeliaft, and the sub-prefecture according to which the duties to be raised of Annecy, with the exception of the by the States bordering on the Rhine may portion of the canton of Faverges, situ. be regulated, in the mode the niost impare ated to the east of a line passing between tial and the most favourable to the com. Ourechaise and Marlens, on the side of merce of all nations. France, and Marthod and Ugine on the The future Congress, with a view to faci. opposite side, and which afterwards fol- litate the communication between nations, lows the crest of the mountains as far as
and continually to render them less straná the frontier of the canton of Thones; this gers to each other, shall likewise examine line, together with the limit of the can. and determine in what manner the above tons before-mentioned, shall on this side provision can be extended to otiier rivers form the new frontier.
which, in their navigable course, separate On the side of the Pyrenees, the frontiers or traverse different states. between the two kingdonis of France and Art. VI.--Holland, placed under the Spain, remain such as they were the 1st of sovereignty of the house of Orange, shall January, 1792, and a joint commission shall receive an increase of territory. The title be named on the part of the two crowns and exercise of that sovereignty shall not for thèpurpose of finally determining the line. in any case belong to a Prince wearing or
France, on her part, renounces ali rights destined to wear a foreign crown. of sovereignty, Suzeraineté, and of posses. The states of Germany shall be indepenision over all the countries, districts, towns, dent, and united by a federative bond. and places situated beyond the frontier
Switzerland, independent, shall continue above described, the principality of Mo to govern herself. naco being replaced on the same footing
Italy, beyond the limits of the countries on which it stood before the 1st of Ja- which are to revert to Austria, shall be compnary, 1792.
posed of sovercign states, The allied powers assure to France the Art. VII.--The island of Malta and its possession of the principality of Avignon, dependencies shall belong in full right and of the Comtat Venaissin, of the Comté sovereignty to his Britannic Majesty, of Montbeilliard, together with the several Art. VIII.--His Britannic Majesty, sti. insulated territories which formerly be pulating for himself and his allies, engages longed to Germany, comprehended within to restore to his niost Christian Majesty, the frontier above described, whether they within the term wiichi shall be hereafter have been incorporated with France before fixed, the colonies, fisheries, factories, and or after the 1st of January, 1792. The establishments of every kind wlich were powers reserve to themselves, reciprocally, possessed loy France on the 1st of January, the complete right to fortify any point in 1792, in the seas and on the continents of their respective states which they may America, Africa, and Asia, with the excepjudge necessary for their security.
tion however of the islands of Tobago, and To prevent all injury to private property, St. Lucie, and of the Isle of France and its and protect, according to the most liberal dependencies, especially Rodrigues and Les principles, the property of individuals do
Sechelles, which several colonies and posses. miciliated on the frontiers, there shall be sions his Most Christian Majesty cedes in full named, by each of the states bordering on
right and sovereignty to his Britannic MaFrance, commissioners, who shall proceed, jesty, and also the portion of St. Domingo conjointly with French commissioners, tó ceded to France by the treaty of Basle, and the delineation of the respective boundaries. which his Most Christian Majesty restores As soon as the commissioners sliall have
in till right and sovereignty to his Catholic performed their task, maps shall be drawn, Majesty. signed by the respective commissioners, Art. IX.-His Majesty the King of Sweand posts shall be placed to point out the den and Norway, in virtue of the are reciprocal boundaries.
rangements stipnlated with the allies, and Art. IV.-To secure the conmunications in execution of the preceding article, of the town of Geneva, with other parts of consents that ihe island of Guadaloupe be the Swiss territory situated on the Lake, restored to his Most Christian Majesty, France consents that the road by Versoy and gives up all die rights he may have shall be common to the two countries. acquired over that island. The respective governments shall amicably Art. X.-Her Mosi Faithful Majesty, in arrange the means for preventing smuggling, virtue of the arrangements stipulated with regulating the posts, and maintaining the the allies, and in execution of the 8th Are said road.
ticle, engages to restore French Guyana, Art. V.-The navigation of the Rhine, as it existed on the 1st day of January, from the point where it becomes navigabie 1792, to his Most Christian Majesty, with unto the sea, and vice versa, shall be free, so in the term hereafter fixed. that it can be interdicted to no one. And The renewal of the dispute which existe et the future Congress, attention shall be ed at that period on the subject of the frose 3
(July 1, tier, being the effect of this stipulation, it is belong. The ships and vessels on the agreed that that dispute shall be terminated stocks, which shall not be launched within by a friendly arrangement between the two six weeks after the signatare of the present courts, under the mediation of his Britanuic treaty, shall be considered as materials Majesty.
and after being broken up shall be, as such, Art. XI.-- The places and forts in those divided in the same proportions. colonies and settlements, which, by virtue Commissioners shall be named on both of the 8th, 9th, and 10th Articles, are to be -sides to settle the division, and draw up a restored to his post Christian Majesty, shall statement of the same, and passports, or be given up in the state in which the safe conducts, shall be granted by the almay be at the moment of the signature of lied powers for the purpose of securing the the present treaty.
relun into France of the workmen, sea Art. XII.--His Britannic Majesty gua. men, and others in the employment of
to the subjects of his Most France. Christian Majesty the same facilities, pri The vessels and arsenals existing in the vileges, and protection, with respect to maritime places which were already in the commerce, and the security of their persans power of the Allies before the 23d April, and property within the limits of the and the vessels and arsenals which beBritish sovereignty on the continent of longed to Holland, and especially the Inulia, as are now or shall be granted to the feet in the Texel, are not comprized in the most favoured nations.
above stipulations. His Most Christian Majesty on his part The French government engages to having nothing more at heart than the per- withdraw, or to cause to be sold, every petual duration of peace between the two thing which shall belong to it by the above Crowns of England and of France, and wish- stipulations, within the space of threc ing to do bis utmost to avoid any thing months after the division shall have been arbich might affect their nutual good under- carried into effect. standing, engages not to erect any fortifica Antwerp, shall, for the future, be solely tions in the establishments which are to be a commercial port. restored to him within the limits of the Art. XVI.—The high contracting parBritisłı sovereignty upon the continent of ties, desirous to bury in entire oblivion the India, and only to place in tirose est iblish- dissensions which have agitated Europe, ments the number of troops necessary for declare and ;;romise, that no individual, the maintenance of the police.
of whatever rank or coudition he may be, Art. XIII.--The French right of fishery in the countries restored and ceded by the npon the great bank of Newfoundland, present treaty, shall be prosecuted, dismon the coasts of the island of that name, turbed, or molested, in his person or proaid of the adjacent islands in the Golph of perty, under any pretext whatsoever, either St. Lawrence, shall be replaced upon the on account of his conduct or political footing in which it stood in 1792.
opinions, his attachiment either to any of Art. XIV.--Those colonies, factories, the contracting parties, or to any govern. and establishments, which are to be re ment which las ceased to exist, or for any siored to his Most Christian Majesty by other reason, except for debts contracted his Britannic Majesty or his Allies, in the towards individuals, or acts posterior to Borthern seas, or in the seas on the conti- the date of the present treaty: nents of America and Africa, shall be given Art. XVII.--The native inhabitants and op within the three months, and thosc aliens, of whatever nation or condition which are beyond the Cape of Good Hope, they may be, in those countries which are within the six months which follow the to change sovereigns, as well in virtue of ratification of the present treaty:
the present treaty, as of the subsequent Art. XV.--The high contracting parties arrangements to which it may give rise, having, by the 4th Article of the Conveni- shall be allowed a period of six years, tion of the 93d of April last, reserved to reckoning from the exchange of the ratifithemselves the right of disposing, in the cations, for the purpose of disposing of present Definitive Treaty of Peace, of the their property, if they think fit, whether arsenals and ships of war, armed and un- it be acquired before or during the present armed, which may be found in the maritime war, and retiring to whatever country they places restored by the ad Art. of the said may cloose. Convention; it is agrced, that tlie said ves Art. XVIII.-The Allied Powers, de sels and ships of war, armed and marmed, siring to offer his Most Christian Majesty together with the naval ordnance and naval
a new proof of their anxiety to ari est, as stores, and all materials for building and far as in them lies, the bad consequences equipment, shall be divided between of the disastrous epoch fortunately termiFrance and the countries where the said nated by the present peace, renounce all places are situated, in the proportion of the sums which their governments claim two-thirds for France, and one-third for from France, whether on account of con. the power to whom the said places shall tracts, supplies, or any other advances