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Literary and Philosophical Intelligence. (July 1, Great advantages will of course be derived to Nola. The other parts still remain but in future excavations from the denudation ried. The workmen are already 500"toises of the walls. The streets which lead from from the gate at which they set out, and the gates will be more easily found, while have cleared nearly one third of the circumthere will be a greater facility in transport- ference of the city. Proceeding along the ing the ashes and earth, and a guard may great street, they have uncovered the upper then be placed over the monuments to pre- part of the portico of the Grand Theatre: yent dilapidations.

The point of the wall to which it adjoins is “ The walls of this city are real fortifi- not far from the Amphitheatre. cations: they are from 18 to 20 feet in "The excavations around the walls of tieigit, and in some places higher: they the city have not suspended those in other are foriified at intervals with a kind of quarters. One of the most interesting disquadrangular towers partly destroyed; coveries was made on the 21st of Novemand they do not seem to have much er- ber, 1812. During the preceding week, the ceeded the height of the wall. They are workmen had been occupied in clearing furnished with small gates, which seem to the great street leading to the Temple of have answered the same purpose with those Isis, and which traverses the whole of the in modern fortresses. Certain it is, that city in a straight line. They suddenly met two of these alreally c!iscovered, were used with another street opening into the great by the brave inhalsitants of Pompeii in street, and at the joining of the two streets their sorties against the troops of Sylla. discovered the capitals of several columns,

" The walls are twelve feet broad: they which seemed to have composed the porare ornamenteri, both on the side towards tico of a sheatre. The excavations were tue city and towards the country, with then directed towards the house known by parapets, which probably served in time the name of La Caza del General Champio of war as a security to the soldiery, and in onnet, and two inscriptions scarcely legible peace as a promenale for the inhabitants. were discovered, but appearing rather inThe parapets are finished with loop-holes signiticant. When working about ten feet pretty close to each other, and with scup- from the extremity of the street, where the pers to carry oif the water :-in several rubbish consisted alternately of earth and places there are flights ofsteps leading up ashes, and there appearing to be no proba. from the city.

bility of finding any inieresting object, “ The walls are not uniform, in conse- they were about to leave off, when they tinquence of the injuries they have sustained expecterlly found a human skeleton' and at various periods; they are mostly built several bones, some medals of bronze and of masses of tine stone four feet broad by silver, and one of gold, and finally, a large tive long, and two iu thickness, withont heap of medals that were collected with lime, and yet well joined together, but so great care. They were, for the most part, irregularly that the architecture is of the particularly those of bronze and silver, kind denominated incertum. If we are to fused into each other, and it was difficult to believe, that these are restorations made distinguish the inscriptions on account of in the last days of the city, about the time the patina with which they were covered. of the siege of Sylla, and the earthquake They were medals of Domitian and other A. D. 63, then the upper part of this de- Eniperors, of the smallest size, very comscription of architecture and the lower nion, but well preserved ; 316 in silver, and will be found to be more regular. Among 42 in bronze. But what attracted most ata great number of these stones there was tention, was eight beautiful medals of gold a monogram formed of an B and an E: on newly struck, wrapt up in several folds of another a resemblance to the Greek L. or linen, which seemed to have been injured by cross formed of two Zs, similar to what* humidity and the infection from the human we see kipen paintings of ancient vases and bodies. However, the texture was so good in the monograms of medals. These pro- that these stripes could hardly be torn. bably were the characteristic marks of This may be considered as one of the greatthose who furnished the materials, while est curiosities which Pompeii ever afforded. the Greek and Roman names, which are “ The skeleton just mentioned was found 80 fregnently met with, may have been among the ashes about ten feet above the those of the workmen, who probably did level of the street. Tins is a proof of the not think they would have been handed rapidity with which the city was overdown to so late posterity.

whelmed, as it is probable that this indivi“ The height of the walls of Pompeii dual was endeavouring to save himself by may give some idea of the labours which flight. It will also make it evident, that their complete excavation requires, and Pompeii was buried by one single, and not which is now prosecuting with great vigour. by repeated eruptions, as some-writers are A dich has been excavated twelve feet disposed to insinuate. broad. For the space of about eight toises “On the same day that thiş skeleton the walls are completely uncovered, and was discovered near the theatre, several persons may now walk upon the pavement others were found in the streets. "A mother of the ancient street leading from-Poinpeis flying with part of her fanily, consistivg.of

two young girls and an infant, the skeleton diffuse her blessings over the world: a light
of which was still clinging to the breast of transparent habit covers her body from the
the mother: all hopes seem to have left girdle downwards : on the whole, this is
them; trying still to breathe amid the burn one of the best specimens of the style
ing ashes, and clinging to the walls of the of painting of the æra in whicit it was
portico, they appear to have sunk under executed.
the effects of fatigue and grief: the lava "Among the antique objects found in
had buried them in the same grave, and the inside of this house, a large bronze
their bones were mixed with each other plate was found with a double bottom,
as if they were embracing at the last mo which must have served to keep the vic.
ment of their existence. Three gold rings tuals lot. It resembled a similar utensil
and ear-pendents adorned with pearls, now in use, and which is occasionally filled
found near them, bespoke their riches and with warm water: the difference between
rank in society; one of the rings was in the the ancient and modern utensil seems to be,
form of a serpent in many folds On an that in the former the article to be kept
other ring, which from its size" must have hot was deposited between two thrin vessels
helonged to a young girl, a garnet was containing hot water.
fixed, on which a thunderbolt wasengraved. “There were also a great number of
The ear-rings resembied those of the same glass vases fomnd, from three to six inches
age which are to be seen in the cabinet of deep, in the form of cups, and some drink-
antiquities at Paris ; two of the pearls were ing cups of singular appearance. They
in good preservation; the others have suf were adorned so as to represent various
fered considerably.

figures, of the different colours of silver,
“A great quantity of marbles, adorned gold, opal, sapphire, and emeralds : time
with forins of animals elegantly modelled, lias given them a brilliancy whici modern
were found amassed at the foot of a part of artists will in vain attempt to imitate. The
the walls of the house where these skeletons glass which has been found at Pompeii is
were found, as if destined to ornament generally well wronght: the forms of the
it. It seems to have been a house of the various utensils are different, but they are
Ikost elegant architecture, and decorated all regular and elegant: the bottles, cariffs,
with excellent pictures, which for the sake and other sinall vessels used in domestic
of antiquarians have been permitted to re- afairs, are very round, and present no
main for the present. One picture repre- veins or flaws. They are mostly of co-
sented the figure of peace, upon a red loured glass. Their utensils of white glass
ground, holding an olive branch in the are by 10 means so beautiful as those of
right hand, and in the left a cornucopia; modern Emope.”
she is winged, and represented flying to

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MONTHLY REGISTER OF THE PROGRESS QF BRITISH

LEGISLATION.

ACTS PASSED in the 54th Year of the reign of GEORGE THE TIIRD, or in the se.

COND SESSION of the FIFTII PARLIAMENT of the UNITED KINGDOM.

YAP. XVI. To explain an Act of the ever inimediately and directly from the

er en vertele salida United Kingdom ur thing ty, for declaring what persons shall beilis. the nomination or appointment, or by any abled from sitring, und voting in the other appointment, subject to the appro.

House of Coinmons of the United King. bation of the Lord Liedienant, Lori De. dom of Great Britain and Ireland.

puty, Lord Justices, or other chief gover

nor or governors of that part of the said Whereas by an Act 41. Geo. li. c. 52, intituled “ An Act for declaring what per shall thereupon become vacant, and a writ.

United Kingdom called Ireland, his seat sons shall be disabled from sitting and votịng in the House of Commons of the Uni- shall issnc for a new election: 'and whereas ied Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; ing members of the House of Commons,

it may frequently happen, that persons be. and also for carrying in effect part of the and holding or having holder offices of Eourth Article of the Union of Great Bri: profit by the nomination of the Lord Lientain and Ireland, by providing in what tenant of Ireland, may reinain or continue cases persons holding Oiñces or Places of Profit under the Crown of Ireland shall be in, or may have been or may be nominated

or appointed, or re-appointed by the suc. incapable of being Members of the House

cessor or successors to the Lord Lientenant, of Commons of the Parliament of the said Governor, or by hom such persons were United Kingdon," it is amongst other nominated, appointed, or approved, to things enacted, that if any person being inold, or to continue to hold the same office chosen a member of the House of Commons

to which such persons were so appointed"; ghall accept of any office of protit wlat- and doubis may havc ariscn, or may aria

544

Progress of British Legislation in 1819. [July 1, whether in such rase, the seat of such per- place, either in the cities of London or sons shall thereupon become vacant or not: Westminster, or in the county of Middle, for the obviating of all such donbis, be it sex. The oath previous 10 petition not re* declared and enarted, that if at any time quired; but the petition to contain au offer any person being a member of the House to take the oath. The notices under the of Commons, who shall have accepted of Act to be given in such form, or to such ariy utrice of profit whatever, on the no other effect as the said court shall direct. mination or appointment, or by any other In case any advertisement to be inserted appointment subjert to the approbation of in any newspaper, shall contain more than any Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, shall have fifty words, there shall be paid for the inremained or continued in, or shall remain or sertion thereof at the rate of six-pence for continue in, or shall have accepted orie. every ten words contained in such adveraccapiru, or shall accept or re-accept the tisement beyond the number of fifty words, same office, by the domination or appoint- over and above the sum of three shillings ment, or by any appointment subject to mentioned in the said Act, and no more. the approbation of any successor or succes The court empowcred to order prisoners to sors to ale Lord Lieutena: 1, hy wliom such be brought before it. The court may orperson was previously nominatell, appoint- der prisoners to be examined before justices ed, or a proved, or re-appoin'ed or con in quarter sessions.-Notice to be given of tinued, the seat of such person so remain- examination before justices.--Gạolers may ing or continuing in, or accepting or re be examined by the court or quarter sese accepting such office, from oi under any sions, and Jeriffs and gaolers are indem such successor or successors, shall not there. ped.-4 provisional assignee may be apupon become vacant.

pointed. Cap. XVII.

To enable his Majesty Cap. XXIV. For further continuing, to accept the services of a proportion of uniil the 25th of March. 1815, certain the Milviu of the l'i:y of London, out of Boun:ięs unil Drawbucks on the Exporthe United Kingdom for the vigorous tation of Sugar from Great Britain. Prosecution of the lar.

Cap. XXV. For punishing Mutiny Cap. XVIll. For raising the Sun of and Desertion, and for the better payment Ten millions five hundred thousand of the Army. Pounds, by Frchequer Bills, for the Ser Cap. XXVI. For repealing the Due vice of Great Britain for the Year 1814. ties on Mudder, and granting other

Can XiX. To enable his Majesty to ties in lieu thereof. accept the Se: rices of the Local Alilia, Cap. XXVII.

To correct the preo out of iheir Countics, under certain Re: ccding. strictions, and until the 25th day of Cap. XXVIII.

For the Relief of March, 1815.

certuin Insolvent Debtors in England. Cap. XX. To explain and arnend an Whereas it

may promote the beneficial Act passed in the present Session of Par. purposes of an Act, passed in the 53d year liament for enabling his Majesty to accept of his Majesty's "go, intituled an Act for the wervices of a Proportion of the Nli

the Relief of insolvent Debtors in England, litia out of the United Kingdon. for the and thereby to render it unnecessary hererigorous Prosecution of the Ilar; and to after 10 make temporary laws for the relief extend the Provisions :hereof to the Re

of insolvent debtors, if such provisions giment of Miners of Cornwall ond Devon. enacte:1, for the discharge of such persons

should be made, by law, as are hereiv-after Cap. XXI. For charging un equals contined for debt, as are herein-after menzing Duiy on Scotch Sult brought to tioned, to the intent that the number of England.

such persons shall be thereby so reduced. An additional duty on salt brought from Gaolers are therefore required to make out Scotland into England is imposed by this lists of prisoners in their custody, and to. Act of 3s. per bushel; and in cases of con deliver ihé 'sanie to justices of the peace. tract the duty may be addel.

-Prisoners for debt on taking the oaths, Cap. XXIl. Continues the Watch and &c. are to be discharged.- Justices may, It'ard Act till March 1, 1815.

on prisoners delivering in schedules, issue Cap. XXII. To uinend an Act of the warrants to ivring them to the quarter ses. Fifty-third Year of his Majesty's Rciyn, sions. They are to deliver schedules to the intituled an Act for the Relief of Insol gaoler previons to the tirst notice.--Debvent Debtors in England.

tors proving that notices have been given, The commissioner to hold the court

shall in open court deliver in certain schie. established by the said Act, and to

dules, and take an oathia-Estates and exercise his office as occasion shall re

effects of debtor's discharged, vested in the quire in any part of England; but never

clerk of the peace, who is to assign the same theless such commissioner shall at all

to such creditors as the court shall direct, tiiges lave an office in some convenient in trust.-Assignees to get in debtors ef

1. fects;

fects; and to make dividends.--Notice of unless the treasury consent.-- Futnre estates making dividends to be given.--In case as of debtors discharged under this Act to be signees or their heirs do not deliver over liable for their debts.--Persons having sich estate or balance, to be arrested. taken the benefit of an Insolvсot Act Creditors for annuities payable at any with:in five years, not entitled to relief.future time, to receive dividends as under This Act does not repeal nor affect 53 a commission of bankruptcy.--Debtors Geo. III. c. 102. falsely swearing shall suffer as for wilful

Cap. XXIX.

For an additional Duty perjury.--Debtors discharged not liable to on Brandy of' 2s. per Gullon. be imprisoned for debts prior to the 6th

Cap. XXX.

To continue until the day of Nov. 1813.-Act not to extend to attornies or servants embezzling money, ex•

25th day of March, 1815, (ind fro thence

to the end of the then next Session of cept where they have been contined 10 years.-Nor to persons obtaining noney

Parliament, several Luus reluting to the or goods under false pretences or fictitious Transportation of Felons and other of: names, except where they have been con- fenders, and to the authoricing the Ricfined 10 years.-Nor to prisoners reinanded moval of Offenders to temporary Pluces of to prison under any Insolvent Act, for frau- Confinement in England und Scollund. dulently obtaining money, &c.--Nor to

Part of 19 Geo. III. c. 74, and of 94 persons charged in execution for damages Geo. III. c. 56, further contined; and recovered in any action for criminal con part of 25 Geo. III, c. 40, tartlier contie yersation, &c. except where they have mucil

. been confined 10 years.--Nor to persons

Cap. XXXI

or regulating his Asa removing effects of the value of 301. liable jesty's Royal Marine Forces while on to be distrained for reut, except where Shure. they have been confined 10 years.--Nor Cap. XXXII. To amend the several to persons selling or assigning effects to Acts for preventing the illicit Distillution defraud creditors, except where they have of Spirits in Ireland. been confined 10 years.--Nor to persons Cap. IIXU. To continue till March losing money at play, except where they 25, 1815, the Irish ucl of the 27th Geo, have been confined 10 years.--A penalty III. for the better execution of the Lux, of 401. on gaolers not permitting prisoners to be spoken with, or entry in tlie books of and preservation of the Peace, as umended the prison to be seen.-Act not to extend by the 30th of Geo. 111. to debtors of the crown or such offenders,

REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS.

Tuo Fantasias for the Piano-forte, composed upon it; we will therefore submit to ra.

ut the Age of Seven Years, by Pio Cian: main ja wonder. chetlini, surnamed Mozart Britannicus, and dedicated to His Royal Highness the Sul Nargine d'un Rin, a Duett for the Flute Prince of Wales, 3s.

and Pianoforte, as performed by Mr. Asho

and the author. Composed and dedicated O

I these Fantasias, considering them to his Friend 1}r. Minusi,by F. Lanza. 5$a as the offspring of inatured talent, " Sul Margine u’un Rio,'

as here we should not, perhaps, deom ourselves given by Mr. Lanza, forms an excellent justified in speaking in very exalted duett. The iwo insiruments are made terms; but, as the produce of infuntile to play to, to humour, and in reply 11), genius, must confess that they claim each other, with every advantage. To our distinguished praise. We never piano forte aud' flute practitioners in gce have seen any thing so good front so neral, especially those who wishi an hayoung a candidate for public favor, and bitual acquaintance with the elegancies very seldom indeed froin a composer of and viceties of expression, and are wise twice his years.

enough to count the necessity of an exucMany of the ideas have a truly original titude in time, we recommend this piece air, and they are, in general, connected both as gratifying and improving. with a propriety and consistency which Sir Fugues, with Introductions for the Oro must astonish every adınirer of good ar

gun or Piuno-forte. Compos:d and dedi. rangement.

cated liy permissim to Dr. Crotch, by his However difficult we find it to receive

pupil J. J. Jones, Organist of St. Andrew's these Fantasias as the pure emanations Wardrobe, arid St. Ann's, Blackfriars, of such premature abilities, unaided by 105, 6d. some maturer powers, it would be invi. These Fugues were published by subdious, and perhaps unjust, to insist scription; and we are glad to see among

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546
levicro of New Yusical Publications.

(July 1, its professional patrons such names as the celebrated author of the “ Plessures" those of Dr. Busby, tlie late Dr. Burney, of Hope," possesses many passages which, Dr. Calcoll, Dr. Llague, and Sir Wild if not original, are tastefully selected, liam Parsons. Mr. Jones's sutjects are and judiciously arranged. The whole is generally very good, and, in some in- characterized by a strict andjust attention stances, worked with considerable skill.

to the particular as well as the general The initiatory movements are well como sense of the lines; while the disposition trived in their internal construction, and of ihe parts, demonstrates the ingenious the general ingenuity and science of the and sound barmonist. work give the composer a respectable

Lieber Augustine," with New Variations slation among composers for the organ.

for the Piano-forte. Composed by M. The jurorite Air of My Lodging is on the

Norbert Weisner. 2s. coid Ground," arranged us a Duett for These variations, nine in number, are Tuco Performers on one Piuno-forte, by fancifully varied, and progressive in dife 11. P. Corri. 18, 6d.

ficulty of execution. If not of the first Mr. Corri, whose abilities in the order of merit, they are at least respect. lighter species of composition are well able, and may be said to add to the stuck kilown, Jias formed of this air a very of our superior compositions. agreeable and improving duett. The

Air from the Opera of Castor and Pollux, parts are disposed with judgınent, and the general effect is such as must gratify

composed by Winter, with Variations for

the Piano-forte by Gelineh. 28. 6d, the lovers of well-ordered combination. Mr. Gelineb lias founded upon this We ought not to omit,' that the adscititi- interesting air of Winter, a pleasing and ous portions of the larmony, lie well for improving exercise for the piano-forte, the hand, and afford that introductory We have perused with considerable pleaexercise

so beneficial to the juvenile sure, the whole of Mr. G.'s embellishing practitioner.

additions; but no part of them has struck The Nightingal?, a favorite Military Rondo, our fancy more than the very ingenious.

earranged for the Piano-forte, vy J. Mursh, Coda.
esy. 1s.

England and her brade Allies," a patriot This piece, to which Mr. Marsh has Song, sung by Mr. Pyne, of the Theatre applied an accompaniment for the oce Royal Drury Lane; uritten and composed cave flute, or flageoler, is not of a very

in honor of the happy restoration of Eumartial description; neither is it, legiti

rope and the downfall of tyranny, (in the mately speaking, a rond!). To be mili l'estr 1814,) and most humbly dedicated tant, it should be more ardent; and to

t. H. R. H. the Prince Regent of England, assume the appellation of a rondo, should

by John Parry. 1s. 6d. consist of strains severally returning into (which, by thie way, are very good) is

The inelody applied to these words that of the theme. Howcver, thoughi de

The fcient in these particulars, it is not with easy, bold, and characteristic. out claims to our praise'; especially in passages, though not remarkable for the requisites of fancy, and in natural nected, and the aggregate effect says

their originality, are natural and con. relation of ideas.

much for Mr. Parry's taste and judgment. Sulop Troop and Foley Recl. Composed, and dedicata to Lord Viscount Kisku'all, by

“ A Man ran away with the Monument, 5. Purry, 1.D.B.

a comic Extravagunza, sung by Mr. Gri..

maldi, with unbounded appluuse, at Sada Mr. Harry presents this composition

lir's Wells Theatre, in the Puntomimic to the public, in the full costume of its

Entertainment of London, or Harlequix original score. The piece, we are toli, and Time. lliritten by C. Dibdin, Juara has been performed by the Roval Den

composed by 11". Recrc. 1s, 6d. Bigh band, at Mrs. Theiluson's Graud

This is a pleasing irifle. The humour, Masquerade: and, if the composer's de- though lov, is strong, and the melody: Jicacy would have permitted him to add, must have materially served to promote to wiüi inuch applause,” we should have the peculiar kind of gratification intenda, given full credit to his veracity. It cer er to be produced to the gods and goda iainly is a production ranking much desses of Sadler's Wells. above merjocrity; and, in the points « To-Morroz;" a Song, composed, and dedit both of inagination and harinonical ad.

cater to the Hon. A. M. Anson, by r'. Alt: justment, claims our honourable report.

wood, Esq. 1s6d. Lochgyle, a Glee, for Three Foices, conposed Mr. Artwood has produced, in the by J. Mazzinghi. 2s.6d.

instance before us, a specimen of ele This Giee, the words of which are by ganit talicy and natured judgment, the

alone

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