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any one would have stopt any behaviour The world is much indebted to Dr. in him unpleasant to another. He was Black for his discovery of latent heat, A staunch friend of political and religious and it certainly will open a path to yet freedoxn, and a sanguine admirer of Mr. more uscful discoveries: in fact, it is Fox. I know but one anecdote of bin almost surprising, that the science of it abroad :--An Englishman was in his does not gain more universal attention. company at Alexandria (ere yet the I often urged the advantages of sumFrench and ourselves had made the scene mer fallows, principally to arise from the more familiar) twice before he discovere destruction of weeds, &c. while my ed a brother Briton; bis surprise was friend constantly insisted upon it, that equal to his joy, for, though he was easily the heat of the sun had the chief opea to be known, Mr. Browne was in the ration in contributing to realize the good costume and with the manners of the effects of a summer fallow, by restoring place, and did not appear to experience to the land its latent heat. My friend any peculiar pleasure in the recollection added, that liis confidence was strengthie of home. His temper I think was his ened in the theory, by observations inade great forte for his undertakings; but all in the paring and burning of grass lands; the traits of a private education and re- and especially, in the wonderful and served nature were against him; while in continued fertility of a field, the stubble

eal for his favourite pursuits not Bruce of which happened to take fire; and nor Parke himself could surpass him. which, by the aid of a strong wind, burrit

CHARLES LUCAS. over the whole surface. But this was, Avebury, near Marlbro', IVilts. as yet, only theory.

Last spring but one, my friend was To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. deterinined to make a fair experiment, SIR,

He built a reverberatory furnace in a А

N original portrait of Somerville the field, and with coals burnt therein, in

poet is at Wroxall, the seat of Chris. succession, all the soil, say a foot deep, topiser Wren, esq. in this neighbour- for several yards square:--that is, he lood.

just brought the earth to a real heat, From the urbanity of the proprietor, I taking care not to vitrify it. Ile then am convinced that any gentleman desin divided the same into a number of plots, sous of seeing it, or making any correct or, as the gardeoer would say, beds, and public use of it, might be permitted such planıcd or sowed upon cach different indulgence on application.

2. B. seeds, -as potatoes, wheat, oats, barley, Leamington Spa, Alay 6, 181.1. beans, cnions, turnips, &c, without any

The result was that the whole To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. shewed astonishing fertility: the wheat, SIR,

but especially the barley, could not supN your number for February Jast, port itself; it was too rich for them.

page 13, Mr. Wigfull gives an in. The other articles produced most excel. teresting account of paring and burning lent cropsihe potatoes were of a the stubble, in the vicinity of Sheffield; inost exquisite flavour. In fine, the and which is found so beneficial, that experinenc was a most conviscing proof the practice becomes more and more of the great use of applying fire or heat general. In confirmation of such to land; and possibly may be useful to custom, I take the liberty of handing to some of your readers, even if they will you another very important experiment. not subscribe to the restoration of latent

My much respected friend, Mr. John lient, though I do not see how they can Bower, of llunslet, near Leeds, chemist ward off conviction, and oil of vitriol manufacturer, had It was curious, and is worthy of re. wong entertained the idea, that the mark, that while the other part of the non-fertility of old lands and gardens, field was dry and parched by the heat of was principally owing to their logg of the suminer, this burnt earth seemned latent heat. We had often canvassed moist; and that tenacity of water the subject over, and my friend might possibly contribute to the extreine ever held to the same opinion. Wet feruility, Jand, he would urge, is deprived of My friend is half ready to suppose, its latent heat by too profuse an evapo. that where coals are cheap, it would pay ration, and hence it is called cold: and for the expence of having a moveable all other land suffers by the same process furnace, and adopting the practice upon of nature.

A large scale, At least, however, is




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Mr. Cop:ey on the Essex Dialect. [July 1, proves, that burning is ever useful in fer. Jink, to try money by rioging it. tilizing the soil, and in giving a fertility Limp, limber, supple. something permanent.

J, KIdson,

Lithe, supple, pliant. (Of 118, Sax.) Leeds, April 20, 1814.

-ri, an exclamation denoting sur

prise. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Lie by the wall, if any one is dead in SIR,

a house, he or she is said to lie by the appeared in your Magazine for Fe Mawther, an awkward girl. bruary last, I send you the following vo Mawks, a dirty slui. cabulary of the Essex dialect. As most Mort, a great number. of the words which compose it have 110 Neckum, Sinkum, Swankum, the three fixed orthography, I have endeavoured, dra'ights into which a jug of beer is. as far as was practicable, to write them divided. so as express their pronunciatico.

Nonce, purposely.
Arguefy. to prove, or make appear. Nippet a small quantity.
Banjy, dull, gloomy; as, a banjy day. Noteless, stupified.
Bed-stettle, bed-stead.

Nigg, a small piece.
Brack, a flaw or fault in any thing. Nuzzle, the nose of bellows.
(This word is derived from the Saxon, Piggatory, great trouble. (Evidently
Brecan, to break.)

a corruption of purgatory.) Bubbery, noise, "proar.

Perk, lively. Bumby, a receptacle for filth and Puggle, to stir the fire. rubbish.

Pulk, a hole full of standing water. Blny, a blaze.

Persaivance, understanding.
Bonz, to beat up balter for puddings. Quackle, to suffocate,
Busk, to lie idly in the sun.

Rap and Ran. Ran is a very old Cop, to throw.

word, used in the laws of Canute, signifyChice, a small portion.

ing robbery or rapine; hence the expres Connience. an awkward event.

sion, “he snatches all he can rap und Cirish, roonish.

Cuther, a word denoting surprise, free Rimpled or Rumpled, puckered. quently used in familiar conversation. Scatchpawid, left-handed. Crock, to blacken with soot.

Spult, brittle. (Of spalten, Teut.) Croke, to boast, Used by Spenser. Sprunny, a sweetheari. Dilvered, rrowsy.

Swabble, to quarrel, dispute noisily. Doke, a bruise.

Squolsh, the sound produced by the Dolouring, a mournful noise.

fall of soft heavy bodies. Dogs, the devo

Squolk, a draught of beer, or other liDole, a part or pittance. Also, to quor. distribute. (Oidæl, Sax.)

Seal, time, season. (Of Sæl. Şax.) Doles, or Dools, slips of pasture. Spunk, to strike with the open hand.

Eke, to divide sparingly. (Of eak, (Ot ryan, Sax.) Sax. Or, og. Dan.)

Scranch, a mark or scratch. Flabbergasted, astonished. Gasted, Sliver, a splinter of wood. (Of Glinan, affrighter used by Shakespeare. Sax.) (From I and I re, Sax. a spectre.) Slump, to slip or fall into the dirt, Furnitade, furniture.

Slud, mire. Fleck, the soft hair of a rabbit.

Slull, a luncheon; a great piece of Grift, slate pencil.

bread.' Galls, the hands. (Of palds, from Simpson, the herb groundsel. per: Dan, Sax. to wield.) They have a Trape, to go idly up and down. (of sort of namby-pamby verse, which is ad. trapen, Teut.) dressed to children, as follows:

Trupes, a slattern.
Warm golls, warm ;

Truck, worthless commodities.
Boys are gone to plough;

Totile, to walk unsteadily.
If you want to warm golls,

Thrup, to crowd; a place is said to be
Warm golls now.
Gole, piuruineni.

thrapt full when excessively crowded.

Tew, to be actively employed. (of Gabey, a silly fellow. Hainish, unpleasant, as hainish wea

Tarian, Sax.)

Tackes, to inend apparel. ther.

Wupe, pale from fatigue or illness.


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Wem, a blemish in cloth. (Of Wain, rock scenery often particularly grand. At Sax.)

ten o'clock after break'ast prepare to Bruintree,

DAN. COPSEY.* ascend Snowdon--the morning looking May 4, 1814.

very bright and promising-ride three

miles to its base, toward the steepest of To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. the three ascents of the mountain--the SIR,

ascent is at least five mulos, which we T the present crisis, should you accomplished in four hours and a half

deemn the following scheme of the from leaving the carriage-prospect hazy great Lord Nelson for conserving British and less beautiful than that of Cader Idris seamen in time of peace, worthy inser- --the steep ascent we chose (irthe face of tion, you will infinitely oblige,

the precipitous sides of the mountain) PALMAM QUI MERUIT FERAT.

rewarıiled us with the grandest view of London, May 19, 1814.

its sublime character, in which particular

it far excels CaderIdris. Nine hours and Extract from Southey's Life of Nelson, a half (from ten o'clock in the forenoon l'ol. ii. page 187.

to half pasi eight at night) elapsed before “ He proposed that their certificates we returned to the inn where we dined, should be registered, and that every man (after the most severe day of fatigue that who had serverd five years in war, should re- any of the party had ever taken)-three ceive a bounty of two guineus annuully, large pools of watcr high on Snowdon.com after that time ; and of four guineus after large quantities of alabaster, and other eight years."

sulphates of lime-copper pyrites-a “This (be said) might at first sight ap- inine lately worked theremuch porous pear an enormous sum for the State to pay, stone-like lava-roc's crystal--fine springs but the axi ruge life of a seumun is, from

of water-encounter many bogs. HARD SERVICE, finished at forty-five; ue cannot therefore enjoy the annuity many

Seventh Duy. years, and the interest of the money sared

Cernioge 15 by their NOT DESERTING, would go far to


13 pay the whole expence.”

In all

28 post miles. For the Monthly Nsagazine.

For the first ten miles remarkably SONCLUSION of' a TOUR round xoRTH grand scenes perpetually occurringa

three fine cataracts[wo bridges, con. The Fifth Day

necting huge masses of rock. The mornAS passed at Bangor-went to the ing being very but I bathed twice, once

cathedral in the inorning and heard in a most romantic spot, surrounded by (not without admiration of the variety and stupendous rocks, and buried in woodsaman power of the Welsh language) a sermon on the whole, the most astonishing scene preached in that tongue to a very atten. of the kind I have ever viewed the foot tive congregation of Welsh peasantry-

of these rocks of very difficult and some. after this service the English began, and what hazardous access. Five miles be was conducted, in the presence of the fore arriving at Cernioge the Alpine scea bishop, with the usual formality of the nery disappears, and the rest of the ride choir service, after which the bishop is. quite uninteresting this remark apo preached. Walked after dinner alting the plies to the next stage, which passes Menajothe ferry beautifully situated through a country suficiently beautifully Beaumaris two miles distant from the but no longer striking, with the exception place of landingibe neighbourhood of of Punt-y-Glynn, another, and, I conBangor beautitel; and the coast north. jecture, the last of our cataracts-decided ward, with Priestholme, (St. Orie's inferiority of this, the great flolyhead head, which is a pemosula, but looks like road through North Wales, to that byu hich an island,) bighly picturesque.

we entereri- the one for filty-six miles Sixth Day

presenting a succession of Alpine scenery, Capel Cerrig. 15 ost miles. the other ceasing to be striking in less A

very beautiful ride; ihe roari passing than 30. by the extensive late quarries of Loid Al Corwen an harper of singular skill Peurhyhn enters the mountain defiles in entertained us for two hours-Arhyd-ew a very few nules from the coastachenos-Nostalaum-lleusebit Shenkin, &ca

At Cerreyi Druidyon nothing Druidical * We thank Mr. C. and hope other to be seen or heard of bridge over the correspondents in otlicr couuties wall favour Dee before entering Coriven--this river, R$ in like manner.

totally opposite in character to the mouna




Organ at St. Sepulchre's.

[July 1) tain streams, of which we have seen so

Coaches. many-it is broad, smooth, and uniform.

Aberystwith coach from Shrewsbury, Eighth Day

M: W. and F. at four in the morning, Llangolien


11. 178. inside--11. gs. outside. Oswestry


Mail to Bangor Ferry and Holyhead, at Shrewsbury 16

eight every evening, 31. 138. 6d. insida The country from Corwen 10 Llangolo 11. 17s. outside. len exactly resembles South Wales--the Ancient Briton daily at two'. abrupt mountain character has given Chester coach every morning åt six; way to the gentle swell of considerable through. Ellesmere and Wrexhani. hills, and the angular character is changed into the curve. The vale of Llangollen is To the Editor of the Monthly Magazines certainlybeautiful, but far imore than equal.

SIR, led by many others that I have seen, and quite surpassed toy that of Muentrs; and IN the obituary of your Magazine for

January last, page 552, you made Tan-y-Bwich-the town mean and ugly. mention (in the ever io le lamented aci We walkerd two miles to visit Valle count of Mr. Russell) of the organ at St. Crucis Abbey, of which the remains are Sepulchre's church, it being a very fine in inconsiderable, except a fine window instrument. . Upon the testimony of so front-inferior in beauty to Llantony, in great and scientific a person as Mr. Blonmouthshire, to Netley, Beaulicu, Russell, I was induced to pay a visit to Glastonbury, and, equally so in situation, the church one evening, on purpose to Dinas-Bran Hill and Castle fine and hear this organ; and I must say I was commanding.

not disappointed. It was a charity serTo Oswestry the country is merely mon for the benefit of the girls' school. pleasant ; two bridges however occur, of After the sermon they sung an hymn, 30 great magnitude and beauty as to it consisted of four verses; the first ihree give character to the landscape; the first were sung by the girls alone, the music consists of eighteen arches, and is quite being composed by the organist-Mr. Straight, for the purpose of an aqueduct Cooper. The music of the last verse for the Ellesmere canai, from one side of was adapted from Haydn's Oratorio of the rale to the other, the Dee powing Creation - The Nsarv'lous Works behold below. The other is six iniles farther on amused. And I must say, I never heard, at Chirk, similarly situated, and for the by cluidren unacquainted with music, an same purpose. Twelve arches--the first hymn sung better. Mr. C. in adapting kas a striking reseinhlance to the north the words to the music of Haydn, had bridge of Edinburgli, and may be seen a not occasion to alter a mote, and the great many miles off. Pass Offas Dike, children kept time with the greatest exan huge mound, thrown up as a barrier

It was sung as verse and cho. between the Welsh and the Saxons; rus, and played upon the full and choir some remains are visible, in the form of organ alternately, when I had an oppora high green bank running for inilos tunity of hearing the trumpet; and truly across the country, and serving as a di. I was delighted. Among all the organs vision of the lands.

I ever heard, I never found one to equal Oswestry is an ugly large town. We this; the generality of the trumpets, in are now again in Salop; indeed, North other organs, having a harsh, coarse Wales disappeared on a sudden, when sound. Bilt this exceeds all I had and we turned our backs on Dinas Hill, ticipated, being regnlar throughout, and five miles north of Keningé. The inn at producing a fine, full, sonorous, trombone Llangolle, vile and the barper odions.

sound, with a peculiar richness I never In proceeding to Shrewsbury, along a heard before. The testimony of Mr. dead level, pass on the opposite side of Russell is not exaggerated a whit, for I. the Bregthin hills, to that which we had do not believe eitlier church or cathedral seen on the road to Montgomery; they in the kingdom bas an organ with such a are picturesque in all directions, even trumpet wit. The rest of the reed stops alior Wales. At eight arrived at Shrews. are equally fine. The cremonu I was. bury

exceedingly delighted withi, it producing Total of iniles going 126 all the tone of a fine clarionet. The Returning 83 brilliancy of tone in the great organ, is

rather too much for the diapasons. If 209 there was another open diapason, and a double diapason for pedal pipes, it would







be a valuable acquisition to the organ. these monuments are loaded, leave no It has 24 stops--12 to the great organ.com

room for doubt as to the era of their 6 to the choir-o to the swell. The choir erection and their authenticity. organ is in front, like the Abbey and St. Adjoining the monuments, dug out in Paul's, and has a very grand appearance 1711 from the foundation of the ana in the church.


cient church of Paris, (now that of Notre Park Lune, Feb. 15, 1814.

Dame,) which Childebert had constructed

upon the scite of a temple dedicated to For the Monthly Magazine,

Isis, which he demolished,

the chief goddess of the Germans, named ACCOUNT of the MUSEUM OF FRENCH

Rehalennix, in honour of whom these

people erected a prodigious number of HE Museum of French monuments monuments, some of which were disco.

merits more than common aiten vered in 1646, when the sea retired from tion. It was founded 1790, under the island of Walcheren, the auspices of the Constituent Assem. Capitals, decorated with bas-reliefs, bly, at the time of the coufiscation of the and obtained from a subterranean tem. property of the clergy: from this period, ple, built by King Pepin, have also been down to the present moment, the most collected and placed next in order to the valuable of the monuments found in the above. Afterwards you see the tomb of churches and suppressed convents, and Clovis, in which this prince is represented the fruits of the French conquests in in a recumbent posture; he is humbling various parts of Europe, bave been col. himself before the Almighty, and seems lected at the Petits-Augustins.

to supplicate pardon to: bis crimes : the M. Lenoir, who was conservator of tombs of Childebert and of Chilperic the the infant museum, collected during the cruel are next in order, The hollow era of the revolution a considerable num- engravir:g on the tomb of Queen Frede. ber of mausoleums, statues, bas-reliefs, gonde, which is made conspicuous by and busts of all ages and of every descrip- projecting pieces of stone, like Mosaic lion: when the political storms subsidied, work, has escaped the revolutions of this artist proposed to the governinent to

twelve centuries. How many earthly arrange chronologically the monuments powers have disappeared since this epoch, which he had saved from destruction, by and what a train of reflections does not dividing them by centuries into separate the image of this impious woman, as it balls, also decorated with the ruins of still exists, excite in the mind of the phievery age. This plan, which embraced losopher! Here also Charlemagne, in at one view the history of the arts and of an undaunted attitude, and with his sword France, was highly approved, and adopted in his hand, seenis still to give the law by the members of the consular govern to the world, ment.

The sepulchre of the French Sappho, Let us now run over this museum, and the learned and gentle Heloise, also holds endeavour to describe such curiosities as a distinguished place in this museum : are worthy the attention of the artist, as her earthly remains, mixed in one coffin well as of the historian,

with those of her lover, have not yet lost An introductory saloon first presents their attractions for the heart" which itself to our attention, and, like the pre- glows with sensibility: sighs, full of ten. face of a great work, it exhibits a variety derness and love, seem still issuing from of precious articles, arranged with method the tomb and ascending to heaven, so as to prepare the eye for following the Near her interesting effigy, lies the unvarious ages which we have to examine. fortunate Abelard, still coldly commentWe shall remark in the first place, those ing on the sacred text. altars, defaced by time, on which the If we pass on to the architecture of Gauls, the merchants of the ancient Lü- the 13th century, we may remark clustetia, sacrifier to their gods in the reign ters of ridged arches, supported by thick of Tiberius-Jupiter, Esus (or Mars), pillars, according to the taste of the Vulcan, Mercury, Venus, Pan, Castor times. Ornaments in the farm of the and Pollux; and the religious ceremonies boltoms of lamps terminated the centre also engraved upon these altars suffi- of the archies, which are painted blue and ciently testify, that the Parisians were studded with stars. The statue of the then idolators, and followed the religion pious Louis IX. (called Saint Luuis) is of the Romans, 'to whom they were tri- placed near those of Philip his son, and butary. The inscriptions with which King Charles his brother. The aisles, in MONTILY MAg. No. 256,



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