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492
Redcliff Church-Bristol.

[July 1, years ago it was an elegant promenade for This brief memorial marks the deathless name the fashionables of Bristol, and an occasi. Of him whom tempted proud and lofty fame. onal notice remioded you not to walk on Bright was his meteor walk-the planet the turf; but now not a blade of grass is to be seen, and the whole green is used Glows not more radiant in night's darkest merely as a rendezvous for soldiers, whom reign. you sec lounging here all the day through. But Want arose in squalid form to scare, llow this can be denominated an improve And Pride approach'd with fiery eye-ball glare, ment must be left to our war-merchants Till he at length sought to relieve his soul, to determine: to nie, wlio remember it in

The nianiac murder of the poison's bowl! better and more peaceful days, it exhibits

Fame blew her trumpet-Genius by her side, a change both disgusting and painful.

Spurnid Fear and Prudence, and their victim

died ! My dear friend, I have walked, on a sum.

Frowns now the moralist-reproves the sage? mer evening, around the College-green of

may recording angels blot the page! Bristol, and inhaled the fragrance froin the blossoins of the lime-trees, when not

Behold, midst words uncouth and "cauncy. a soldier was to be seen--when scarcely How seem the present as the works of time!

ante rhyme,” any thing occurred to disturb the ardour

When sighs his Bertha, how the " Mynstrelles. of youth, but the flitting form of some

Songe,” fair belle, whose charms were displayed In warbling sorrowwild is borne along; to no advantage for him but to agonise Lives there even one who feels not deepest bis imagination and wound his peace:

WOC, such dreams are past, and the discordant When "oute" Sir Bawdin's "bloude bedrum loudly awakens me froin the re ginnes to flowe?” verie!

His harp all magicmusic's self the strings, I have also seen Redcliff Church; and With living truths he swells, or wildly oh, what ideas rushed upon my mind at the

Alings remenibrance of the unfortunate Chatter. Some pleasant “roundelaie" to soothe the

soul. ton! - There has been latierly, I understand, an attempt to raise a subscription Fame the sweet sounds re-echoes, and her

scroll for a monument to his memory, but I have Waves, which as banners spreads the cireling not heard with what success.

The at tempt is at all even honourable to his Where, crown'd with glory never more to die, native city, and I hope to find the next Whilst Genius smiles to hear the trump of time I visit it that those efforts have not Fame, been unavailing. Now what kind of in- Glows of her CHATTERTOn the emblazon'd scription or epitaph ought such a monu. name! ment to have?

-Would it be prudent or Bristol, you know, has done her part just to onit the circumstance of the suis towards filling the temple of Fame with cide aliogether! I think not; if when a British worthies. Thistlethwaite, a conperson is dead nothing is to be said of temporary with Chatterton, distinguished biin but the bona, I am very much afraid himself as a political writer in the early that the suppression of the teru tends to part of the American war. Edward Col. destroy character entirely, and to anale ston, the philanthropist, was also born gamate the good and the bad into one here, and a charity-schoul, upon a large inass, where distinctions cease to be ap- scale, is still supported by his bequeathed parent: and of course the possibility of munificence. Robert Lovell, a poet, who profiting by the errors of others, how dropt prematurely to the grave, has left great or eminent snever they may be, is sufficient indications of his ability behind

a great measure precluded. I have him to make us regret his loss. You may sketched an inscription, according to my

remember his sonnet in the Anthology, views, for such a monument, and send it written at Stone-Henge, beginning, you herewith. Oblige me in your next “ Was it a spirit on yon aged pile ?" by giving me your opinion of it.

It is conceived in the true spirit of poeIf towering Genius--Eloquence be thine,

tic inspiration. Mr. Joseph Cottle, the Who seek'st to know for whom is rear'd the author of Alfred, is, I believe, a native of shsine ;

Bristol, and now It in thy bosom Nature's purest glow

resides here; but Kindle with kindness at the sight of woe;

Southey oversteps them all; he, in conIf Virtue, berding o’er an honour'd son,

junction with Mr. Coule, a few years ago Drop the big tear and mourn her hopes un- edited the works of Chatterton, and from

their sale procured some of that comfort Here pause a moment o'er a saddening tale, for his sister which poor Chatterton unfire And of Earth's sons a brilliant boy bewail. tunately souglit in vain. R, W.

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To the Editor of the Monthly Alagazine. 1. of France, created Duke of Vendome SIR,

On the death of the to).) famous Consta. Ta moment when the public atten. ble of Bourbon, who had gme over to the royal house of France, the following brief Duke of Vendome became chief of and authentic account of that family the branch of Bourbon, and first prince may be not unwelcome to many readers. of the blood royal. By Jane of Albret,

Lewis XVIII. so unexpectedly called daughter of the King of Navarre and to the regal throne of France, may be Prince of Béarn, he left a son Antony reckoned the 34th prince of his family, who succeeded to bis mother's dominions. which is of great antiquity.

Being appointed lieutenant-general of the Upon the death of Louis V. the last of kingdom of France, on the death of the race of Charlemagne, in 987, the no. Francis II. the husband of the murdered bles of France chose Hug! Caper, Count Mary Queen of Scotland, in 1560, Anto. of Paris, and a grandson of Robert king ny of Navarre commanded the royal are of France, who died in 923. The suc my employed against the protestants, cession to the throne was continued, by who had cho-en for their chief his own regular descent, through thirteen sove. brother the Prince of Condé. ratyns, and ended in Charles IV, sur Dying in the siege of Rouen in 1562, named the Fair, who died in 1328. Of Antony left a successor, Henry king of these princes, Louis VII. or the Young, Navarre, afterwards the justly celebrated who passed over to England as heir to Henry IV, of France, who married first the crown, in consequence of the disore Alargaret of Valois, daughter of Henry Hers in the time of King John, laid the II, but this union being declared null and foundation of the claim of the kings of void, he next married Ilary of Medicis, France to the sovereignty of England. daughter of Francis, grand duke of Tusa He died in 1180. Louis IX. commonly cany. styled Saint Louis, who became king in Being educated by his mother in the 1226, is celebrated for his zeal and exer protestaut religion, Henry of Navarre tions in the crusades.

was opposed in his succession to the Upon the decease of Charles IV. in throne by the Popish party in France, by 1328, without heirs male, (and females far the most powerful

. F'inding it inwere incapable, by the Salic law, of suc- possible to obtain his birth-right while ceeding to the crown,) the sovereignty he continued a calvinist, IIenry, by the was transferred, in right of blood, to Phi. advice of his ablese counsellors, although lip VI. the grandson of Poilip III. by themselves of the same religious opiCharles, who was vamed Valois. Philip nions, conformed to the Roman profese VI. was succeeded in 1350 by John, siin; but by the celebrated edict puba who was inade a prisoner, in the renowvi. lished at Nantes, in Britanny, he se. ed battle of Poitiers, by our Black Prince, cured to the protestants the full and free and brouglit to London. The house of enjoyment and exercise, as citizens of Valois terininated with flenry III.ssas- France, of all their rights and privileges, sinated at St. Cloud by a fanatic monk religious and civil. in 1589; being the thirtcenth prince of Distinguished alike by gallantry and

conduct in the field, and by bencvoience Upon the death of llenry III. the in private, his project and endeavours crown of France was claimed by Henry to procure and establish a system of unio IV. king of Navarre; and the first sove. versal peace in the great christian com. reign of the branch of Wurbon. This monwealth of Europe, deservedly er. branch proceeded from the house of Va. titled him to the endearing appellation tog Jois, by Robert, a son of St. Louis, who which he was known in France, le bora married Beatrix, the daughter of Jolin Henry Quatre. Ilis success in arms lll. duke of Burgundy, and heiress of however, the tranquillity he obtained and Agnes of Bourbon. Robert died in 1317, maintained at home, nor his inany pria leaving a son, Louis I. duke of Burbon, vate and useful virtues, could secure in whose favour, for signal services per- Henry from the Jagger of the assassin, formed to the King Charles IV. that lorde He fell in lois carriage in the centre ship was erected into a duchy in 1327. Paris by the band of Ravaillac, at the Ilis son Jaines of Bourbon, Count of La age of 57, in the year 1610, leaving his Marche, was wounded in the battle of dominions to his son Louis XIII. then Cressy, and fell into the hands of the only 9 years of age. English with Jolin of France at Poitiers. This Prince, who, on account of his.

Charles I. of Bourbon, was by Francis pious and equitable dispositions, was MUNTILY MAG, No. 256,

surnamed

his family.

494

Mr. Dougal on the Bourbon Family, [July 1, surnamed the just, married Anne of in his dying counsels to his family, conAustria, daughter of Philip III. of Spain. fessed qu'il avoit trop aimé la guerre : Ilis reign was alınost one cositinued that he had been but too much addicted course of warfare, at first within bis to nar;-a confession and a conviction kingdom, from the illegal and oppressive equally unavailing with respect to him, measures of his ministers, especially of self, as disregarded by his successor in the Cardinal de Richelieu, against the the throne. It is not a little remarkprotestants;

and afterwards abroad, able, that Louis XIV. (than whom, front with Spain and Savoy. Rochelle, the political situation and connections, as bulwark of the protestilnts, was co el well as from personal dispositions and led in 1628 ti) surrender, after a very me babits, no prince could possibly be a morable siege and blockade, during more determined supporter of the aswhich an ineffectval and inexplicable at: sumed, as well as the legal dignity of tempt was made on the part of England kings,) was among the first of the sovetu carry relief to the garrison. The war reigns of Europe to treat with Cromwell; with Spain lasted twenty-five years; and and be even wore inouining at his death. by the pacification, the provinces of Louis XIV. died on the 1st of SepRoussilien, in the souti), and Artois, in tember, 1715, after a reign of no less the north, were added to the doininious than seventy-two years, of which sixty. of France.

one bad elapsed after he became his Dying in 1643, Louis was succeeded own master; and the crown descended by his eldest son the celebrated Louis to his great grandson, Louis XV. then & XIV. then only four years and a half old, boy of tive years and a half. the queen muther being appointed regeut. The eldest son of Louis XIV. Louis He was crowned in 1654, and married the dauphin, died in 1711, leaving three Mary Theresa, eldest daughter of Philip sons. The eldest of these, Louis, Duke IV. of Spain, agrceably to an article of of Burgundy, died in 1712, and was sucthe famous treaty of the Pyrenees. The ceeded in the title of Dauphin, belonging long rcign of this prince was distinguish to the presumptive heir of the crown, by ed by so many important and splendid his youngest son the Duke of Anjou, establishments, for the encouragement then two years old, who afterwards beof the arts, of literature, and of com came Louis XV. of France. merce, by successes so brilliant and le.

The second grandson of Louis XIV. verses so humiliating, as in some mea- Philip, also Duke of Anjou, claimed the sure to justily Voltaire in designating the crown of Spain in 1700, upon the death age in which he flourished as the siècle of Charles II. without beirs, in right of de Louis Quatorze. Towards the close bis grand-moiber, a sister of Charles, of lis reign, when informities and failures who appointed him to succeed, in preinclined bun to austerity and supersti ference to his elder brother, heir aption, Louis was inducci, by impolitic parent of the crown of France; in order and illiberal courriers, to annul all the that both kingdoms should never be wise and equitable stipulations of his under one and the same sovereign. The grandfitier in favour of his protestant

claim of the French prince was vigo.. subjects. To this measure, the revoca- rously but unsuccessfully opposed by the tion of the edice of Nantes already men- Archduke Charles of Austria, as the tioner, most of the other 'tites of Eu nearest male heir of the deceased Charles rupe were indebied for colonies of in

of Spain, in whom expired the branch of dustrious, ingenious, and worthy French the use of Austria, established in that protestants. A party, accust'imed country, froin ut he time of the Einperor the fine linen manufacture, transplanted Charles V. The contest between these. tienseives even as far as to Edinburgh, clainasts is commonly styled the war of where they settied a suburb, tu wbich the succession, in which our Queen Anne, they gave the name of their native pro as might be supposed, powerfully resisted vince, Picardy, now absorbed and lust the pretensions of the house of Bourbon. in the rapidly increasing augmentations Piulip of Aujou became the fifth king of our northern capitai. That the sce of Spain of that name, and was the rious, and in some respects the irrepar father of Charles III, who, dying in the able injury sustained by the manufactures beginning of 1789, was succeeded by *and consumerce of France, froin the ex Charles IV. whose resignation in favour patriation of so many of the most useful of his son Ferdinand VII, was the com. and valuable citizens, excited any coin niencement of the troubles under which puurcon in the breast of Louis, we are Spain has groaned for these several years. *nt told; he is, however, known to hase, past, and in fomenting which the qua

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SIR,

I

duct of the late ruler of France was cha. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, racterized by perfidy the most unprinsipled, and cruelty the most atrocious. OBSERVED some months

ago

in Louis XV. succeeded to his great your Magazine an abstract of a paper grandfather, on the first of September, read before the Royal Society by Dr. 1715, aged only five years and a halt, Willis, giving an account of a woman, the under the regency of Philip, Duke of whole of whose skin was very white

except Orleans, born in 1674. huis near relation the right shoulder, arm, and hand, which being the son of the brother of Louis XIV, had the blackness of a negro; and which, Louis XV. after a long reign of tifty-nine says the doctor, was caused hy the moyears, died on the 10th of May, 1774; ther trampling ipon a live lobster. This and his successor was his grandson, way of accounting for such singularities is the late beneficent but unfortunate a favourite speculation among, women, Louis XVI.

but I never before knew of its being This last monarch, born on the 23d of acquiesced in by a philosopher, hy whon August, 1754, bore the title of Duke of they are usually denominated lusi nuture, Berry, unul the death of his father, when which I think implies that they cannot he obtained that of Dauphin, belonging be accounted for by any known operato the lineal heir from futher to son of tions of nature. That fancy could make the crown of France. This happened on any impression on the færus when fully the 20 h December, 1765: and on the formied, is difficult to conceive; but that 16th May, 1770, he married Mary Air it could impart colour is beyond all bra tonietta Josepha Jane, sister of the E:n lief, and ought not to be seriously reperor of Germany, born on the 2d No. peated. vember, 1755. Louis was consecrated There lives in the neighbourhood of and crowned on the 11th June, 1775, IIighgate a married woman, aged 35, the at Rheims, in Chainpagne, originally the whole of whose body, except the face, is capital of the dominions of the Franks, exactly divided by a straight line into and where that ceremony bad been usu. white and black. The right side, arm, ally performed, down from the coronation and leg is black, and subject. to erups there of Hugh Capet, in the year 987. tions; and the left side, arr, and leg, al

Louis XVI, had a son Louis, born on together white; this distinction luckily the 22d October, 1781, and declared terninates at the neck, which, with her Dauphin; but living only a few years, face, is white. She has two children, the tiile passed to another son, Louis who possess none of her peculiarities. Charles, Duke of Normandy, born on It is truly surprising, and I may say al. the 27th March, 1785, the unhappy-in- most unprecedented, (in this country at fant now no more, but known by the least, how they order these matters on name of Louis XVII. after the inurder the Continent I know hot,) that her mo. of his father. Upon his death, the ther, although a common ignorant wopresent Louis Stanislaus Xavier, bis man, makes no attempt to account for eldest uncle, laying aside the titles of this singularity in the usual marvellous Count of Provence and Monsieur, asa way.

Yet nothing could be easier, as it sumed that of Louis XVIII. a title to is in the power of every pregnant woman which his claim has just been publicly to recollect black or terrific objects innu. and spontaneously recognised by the inerable. ller female neighbours were French nation.

so provoked at her silence that they Louis XVI, had also a davghter, Mary themselves set to work to account for it; Teresa Charlotte, called Modume, born some by a black man begying, others by on the 19th December, 1778 : now mar a black piy, for I have observed that tied to her cousin.gerinan, Louis Ane pigs are very cominon agents in these latony, Duke of Angouleme, eldest son of tent operations.

W. N. the Count of Artois, her father's youngest Bedford Row, Ainy 2, 1814. brother, who, when the Count of Provence claimed the regal title, assumed To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. that of Monsieur, applied to the nearest collaterad heir to the crown The F you please to publish in your vaCharles Ferdinand, Duke oi Berry, born lections concerning an early part of the on the 24th January, 177,8, and still un. life of Wm. Browne, esq. the traveller, Inarried. The Duke of Angoaleme has whose fate, I fear, is too truly ascertair no issue.

ed, they may induce some gentleman of Litchfield-streol J. DUGAL. fuller and later information, to give a

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490 Mr. Lucas on Mr. Browne the Traveller. [July 1, more detailed account of that very wore very deficient in one requisite--a quick thy and ever-to-be-lamented man. insight into character. I have often re

I was well acquainted, and ever on the marked this when I heard he was gone jnost friendly habits with him at Oriel to Egypt, and I was not surprised at any College, Oxon, for three years, about of the difficulties he encountered. An 1790, when I believe a reciprocity of feels anecdote or two may give an insight into ings induced the one to change and the the man. There was an acquaintance of other to leave his college. We had ours famous for his long stories, which apartments from the same staircase; often tired his auditors. At one time mine were the first story, his over me; Browone was left alone with him, and a hence his egress and regress and his friend said afterwards, “How could you hours of study were (often unwillingly) possibly stay to hear that long story of known to me.

I say often unwillingly, 'sg” 'And that was the fifth as he was accustomed to sit up to bis time that I have heard it,” was the young studies very late, and frequently to walk philosopher's reply. Many young men up and down the room for a long space had been summoned before the worthy of time. He was always of a philanthropi. head of the college for irregular conduct, cal and philosophical turu of inindmolne. among these was Browne. The Provost ver saw him in a passion--for knew him and the rest stood, Browne alone (through quarrel..lle was an allowed ancient and inattention) took a chair; soon the Pro. micieru achular, particularly in the lan vost observed it, and, breaking off his guages; I doni tihink that he was deepa suloject, exclained upon the want of rely skilled in the mathematica. Winspect ts himselt. Upon which Browne great good nature he had a resolved te me slowly rising with an unusual attitude, per, but be was continually giving up his expressed bimself, “Conscious of no of: time and studies to oblige. The shame. ferice, Mr. Provost, I am not to be inti Jul habit of drinking was then a fashion, midated by your menaces.” The laugh, inclusive of all ranks. Browne disliked ter of the yomg company could not be it, but civility induced him to go !!), and icpresseul, and not only spoilt the orato receive in turn, the wine-parties, and tion, but the objurgating lecture tong he sat and took his glass with a son!e. There was a lind of preparatory heroismi what ludicrous formality. He waä very (if I may so express myself,) in Mr. much beloved and respected by all his Browne for his future undertaking, not fellow colleglans; he was ever ready to alone in his studies, but in his manners hear all our adventures, troubles, and and habits, for hic was very temperate joys; and though his taciturnity was ex- and regular. Ile was frequently firing traordinary, and he never attempted to witn a pistol; he slept with pistols under say a good thing, we always made the his pillow; and I recollect his telling us most of that which he favoured us with that once in the country lie conceived Though not of a strong constitution he that there was a man getting into his rose early (selloin missing morning chamber at night; be fired, the man prayers) and went to bed late. He was seemed to fall backuard, and be went regularly weil-dressed, and the last year, out in the morning expecting to find the when he kept a borse for his health, robber extende:l on the grass-plat before thiee times a day-his acadeinical dress the window ; but, as no one was to be for the chapel and his turor-bis boots seen or trace, it is impossible to say and leather-breeches--and silk stockings whether it was imagination or reality. and shoes for the social party after din- We had very favourable ideas of his abi.

Public prayers, breakfast, private lities in every respect; and, while I know study, his tutor, dressing, riding, dressing, he was not then a fencer, nor a superior dinner, company, public prayers, a walk, horsernan, nor ever played at any ganie and lien a long sitting at private study, of chance, or skill, or exercise, I think steadily followed day after day. To tra- also he was not a good shot. I went up vel was very early in life a favourite ob. to his room one day when I heard him Ject with bim.

“ Browne is going to firing, but the speciinen I saw of his tadetect tise errors of Mr. Bruce," I well lents in this respect was by no means faremember being told me long before I rourable; be was very vstar-sighterl, and left college. He saw reason to confirm applied to his glass to take aim, and af. the wonderful statements of that great ter the first discharge we could not find

But though iņ language, resolu. where the bullet had been. Ilis oppotion, patience, generosity, and an band. site neighbour used to profess to be niuch some fortune, Nr. Browne was well-qua- alarmcd; but he was of so kind and bried for travel, lie, ip iny opinios, was obligiug a disposition at a word froin

any

ner.

man).

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