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municate his intentions to his envoys. Different letters, which were addresseri Jle thought also to be nearer Abbeville, to Dover by the Sieur de la Fontaine, in because he was going to succour Cam. the hope that the winds would have doo bray : this instruction is dated Oct. 5. tained him there some tiine, show us that Cambray surrendered on the 9th, and the court of England was in fact excesthe King, who was on the road, received sively agitated, and very irresolute on the the news before his arrival.

subject of the propositions of Henry,By another letter of Henry IV.to Queen sometimes the Earl of Essex curried it in Elizabeth, which was brought by Wil favour of France; sometimes the conliams, upon his return to England, it apo trary party triumphed. “I see, says the pears that the Queen took it ill, that he Sieur de la Fontaine, in one of his let. had granted a truce to the Duke of ters, much surprise (l'etonnement) and Mayenne, and had treated with himn and distraction in this court, to which I have other leaguers who wished to return to added every new engine in my power; his government. I have given directions, nor should I have desired this delay unless (he says) to the Sieur Williams, to tell to in the hopes of making you the bearer of you the reasons which dispose me to better news.” In another letter of the open my arms to the Duke de Mayenne, 30th of October, he says, and others of my subjects who desire are changed in this court; and, in short, my favour, and wish to return to niy they will do nothing which we have service.

asked. M. le Comte d' Essex sends ont Lomenie, besides his instructions and purpose and by command this gentlecredentials, brought with him different man: I think, that if you stay two days letters of the King, addressed to the longer, they will send some one to you, Earl of Essex, to the Lord lIigh Trea- who may be with you the partaker and surer and Lord High Admiral of Eny, bearer of better news. If my office did land, and the Sieur de la Fontaine, not detain me, I would come to you in chargé des affaires for France to this order to explain what the shortness of nation. (Such a correspondence of inem- the time does not to permit me to write." bers of the council would now be the In another letter of the 8th of No. cause of impeachment, but it appears vember following, the affairs of this from Phil. de Commines, vol. ii. passim, court, says the Sieur de la Fontaine, are to have been usual, and the means bý not the gospel (ne sont pas l'Evangile) which a former French king kept perpe- for they are often yea and no. tual peace with Edward IV.] In the Ms. sent, there is no further talk on the suball these letters appear, the object of ject, but a demie-bouche, announced witha which is to order the Sieur de la Fone much mystery. In short, this negociataine to concert matters with Lomenie, tion of M. de Loinenie had no effect. and to beg the English to back bis re {This memoir, though barreni ofincident, quests to the queen. The Earl of Essex and indeed interest, except in one view was in the interests of France, but as of displaying the politics of Elizabeth, the negociation became very delicate, (for which reason some passages are put through the refusal which the king made in italics) is yet in that view very imporof satisfying Elizabeth on the subject of tant. It palpably demonstrates her Calais, we see by a letter of the Earl of views respecting expeditions. First, Essex to M. de Lomenie, that he could that they should have a specific and not treat with him but mysteriously, and private advantage to the succouring by the intervention of a third person, in party. Secondly, that they should never order, he says, to avoid the jealousies of be carried to an extent which bestows our court. (This important passage power, or the means of independence in shows the dangerous indiscretion of Es- the party assisted. It is strange to see sex, and that he was not merely sacri- the ridiculous complaints of the ambasficed to the statements of his enemies. sador. Lomenie held out no lure, as a Elizabeth charged bin with tampering contre-projet, to salve the disappointment with Tyrone, in Ireland, and his ambition concerning Calais, or even made a display of popularity and consequence produced of danger from the common adversary! that distrust concerning his integrity in Elizabeth's policy was always to assist the mind of his sagacious mistress, which party against pariy, in order to weaken in the end ruined him.]

euch, but never to elevate either : this, The Sieur de Lomenie, who had left Heylyn shows, was her uniforın policy Paris, Oct. 7, for his royage to England, in respect to her domestic religious quitted London the 23d of the same parties.] month, without having obtained any thing.


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(June 1, Extracts from the Portfolio of a Man of Letters.

phers allow only sixty to its circumference; Fthis island, which will furnish su bit, as no map has yet been made upon ex

much marter for the future listo). aci observations, and as the circuit would tull, poet, and dramatist, the descripcion be much more considerable if every creek by SWINBURNE is ide fullest in our fans and inlet were measureil, perhaps the Ro

man mensuiation may come nearer the guage; it therefore merita lo be transferred

truth than the modern one. The difference to the pages of the Monthly Nlogizinle, miglit even be accounted for by the enas Swinbümne's Travels are now become croachments of the sea, and by the tambling scarce, and are very dear,

in of the rocks, which are, in many places, “The season of jhe year being lar ad- of a mouldering contexture. vanced, and the Alps covered with snow,

Being extremely mountainous, Elba af1 thought it unadvisable with a family to fords but scanty room for cultivation, and uudertake a journey into Italy by lani; produces little more than six months' proand therefore, in company with Sir Thomas vision of corn for its seven thousand inliaCiascoigne, huired a hiench polacre at Mar- bitants. It is said to have been peopled seilles, and embarked for Naples on ide from Voliera, in very ancient times, the 17th of December, 1776. The getting under sail was tedious, as the capital of Tuscany, and perhaps of all italy.

The property is at present divided becurrents obliged us to tow out from buoy tween the Prince of Piombino, who possesto buoy; but, when once clear of the land, ses the largest share; the King of Naples, we went at a prodigious rate, before u

to whom Porto-Longone belongs; and the brisk north-Irest wind, which in the evening Crear Duke of Tuscany, who is master ofmcreased to a stort.

Porto Ferraio. All that night, and the ensuing day, the

The climate is much milder than that of gale continued, and drove us on very fast. the ailjacent continent; for Elba produces As the sea was rongh, and the waves short, nany plants and fruits that cannot stand the irregular jerks and tossings of our ship the 'Tuscan winters. kept us in perpetual alarms; but forinnate

The south-west part of the island is the ly it was tht and well built. Tlie Alps, most elevated, anil consists of lofty unfruitinteracu in snow, appeared on the left til mountains, composed of black and white hand, ahont fonr leagues ofi, rising cat of gravite susceptible of a fine polisl. In an. ale waters to a wonderful height: the ti

old quarry, on the south shore, may be seen ran so high, that we conid disceru notun several pillars and basors ronglily hewo, litar their base. About sul-sit, we got and left wifinisleit. The columns of the under the shielter of Cape Corso, the N.E. cathedral of Pisa are said to have been ent point of Corsica, aiul laj-10 ail who in till

ont of these rocks. Under this granite is a water. By this delay, we lost ihe oppor Stratum of slate, tuiniiy of passing throng ! the straits of Piom

The N.E. and S.E. parts are chiefly arbiuo; tur, berøre muizning', ile boisicfolis gillaceous slate and iron-stone, with a quarMaestral sank into a very dull, zepliyr, ry of grey marble, and some veins of'sers whici faintly brought us to the island ut pentine. Amianthus is frequent among the Elba, and incre left tis in a dead calm. chisery rocks. Near the N.E. point is the We were towi d into the lar!:01il 07 Porti- hill, or ruine, of iron ore, belonging to Rio, Ferraio, where Mons, de Langres, the sun which supplies most of ilic forges of Italy. vernor, a native of Loraine, received his

At the S.E. cape is the Monte della Caluwith great politeness, and contributed every mita, so called from the loadstone with thin, ia s power to make our involuntary which it abounds. This is the mugucs colore visit to luis port less liksome.

jused rubente cf ile mineralogists, and apThe island of Elbai, known to the Greeks pears to be a ferruginous substance that by the name of Aithalia, and to the R hans has passed through a very violent file withby that of liva, has been renowned for its out vitrification. The efficient of mag, fulnes from a perived beyond the reach of netismu still remains in the unfathomed bistory. Aristotle speaks of them as opeise depths of nature's tirst causes. Mons. de esticm time inimeniorial, and Virgil brings Button defines it, a constant effect of eleca succour to Engas 043)U en freni

trichy produced by the interior heat, and --- Ilva,

the rütation of the globe; but, if it dependInsula inexhaustis chalybun generosa me- ed on 10 otser cause, we should vot capetallis.*

rier:er such variation in the compass. The It lies about ten miles S.W. from Tosca- best niagnets in Elba ale found near the ny, iv latius de 42° 50'. Iis figure i3 tiat of sea: but, to conie at strong cnes, the an equilateral triangle. Plizy gives it a ground must he dug into; because the air, circuit of an hundied miles. Laie geogra or the rays of the sun, eat out the force of

- Eiba, an island rich in inexhaustible those that lie feug exposed 10 thiem on the njaes of steel."

suifice, The earth, mixed with these



stones, is full of martial particles, which has another at Marciana, that clears 10001, stick to the pick-axe in the shape of little per annum. tufts of bristles. The layer that supports

Porto-Ferraio* is a very pretty town, the magnetic heaps is a blue whetstone built on a shelving rock that closes in a slate, with a small mixture of calcarea 118 large circular bay; the land all around is stones. At the bottom of the mountain is high and woody; the entrance of the bay found a bole, vulgarly named white load- wile, and easy to hit; but so open to the stone, not from any real attractive virtue, N.E. winds, that, whien they blow with but from a roughness that causes the tongue violence, there are few anchoring-places to adhere to it. It was formerly much where a ship can ride in security. The worn as a chain by lovers, and supposed streets and fortifications rise one above and to draw, with great force, the affections of ther, like rous of seats in an ancient amthe beloved object towards the wearer. phitheatre, and present a most beautiful

The soil of Elba is very shallow, with few spectacle to those that approach by water, places level enough for corn. The wine is To the sea, nothing appears but the two good, if made with care, and properly kept; citadels, Stella and Falcone. All the upper the fruit of its standard-trees is said to be range of works is cut out of the rock into exquisite; orange and lemon-trees seem to vaults and intricate communications. In thrive very well in the sheltered rallies and the centre of the semicircle, is a smaller other plains near the sca.

port or darsena for boats and gallies, defend- Abont 4000 tons of salt are made near ed by a couple of bastions, and shut np Porto Ferraio, which has likewise a tunny every evening with a boom. A commodi. fishery, worth annually to the Grand Dake ous quay communicates with all the streets, 1500l. sterling. The Prince of Piombino by means of large flights of steps,

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PORTO-FERRAIO AND PART OF ELBA. Elba was held with Piombino by the Ap- ing shrubs. The summit of these mountains piani as a fief of the empire, till Charles the is bare of wood, but not of verdure. Fifth thought proper to transfer it to Cosmo On a shaggy rock stands the tower of the first Duke of Florence, that he might Voltoraio, where six soldiers defend the secure it and the adjacent coast from the frontiers of the Tuscan state, marked out insults of the Turks and French, which the by stones placed in angular directions along preceding feudatory was not in a condition the top of the ridge that encompasses the to repel. The duke built Ferraio in 1548; bay of Porto-Ferraio. The view from this but it was not brought to thc present state tower is wonderfully tine every way, as the of perfection before the reign of Cosino the eye overlooks the whole island, that of Second, who completed these fortifications Corsica, many scattered islets, the channel in 1628, with a magnificence equal to that of Piombino, and a great range of continent. displayed by the old Romans in their pub We descended on the east side of the lic undertakings. The gates are decorated mountaiu to Rio, a poor village inliabited with sculpture, and the rings for fastening by ininers. Under it breaks out the only cables to are of carved bronze. The garri- rivulet in Elba, which does not run above son is small, and the artillery trifling, for so

a mile large a fortress; but the neutrality of its * It was called Portus-Argous from Argo, master is its present security, and renders the ship of Jason, which the confused tradia a stronger force unnecessary.

tionary legend of the ancients brouglit out There being no appearance of a favorable into the Mediterranean, that Medea might change in the wind, we made an excursion have an opportunity of communing with to the iron mines,

her sister sorceress Circé. Homer, in his We crossed the bay, and ascended the Odyssey, informs us, that, by the particular mountain by a very rugged path. The favor of Jove, this celebrated ship passed gullies that seam its sides are full of orch. nphurt through the Straits of Scylla and ards, with some few orange trees, cut to Charybdis. pieces and stunted by the N.W.wind. The

✓ Copied, by permission, from one of

four waste is covered with myrtle, laurustinus, coloured aquatintas lately published by lentiscus, arbutus, and many other power. Mr. Diakson:

450 Steinhaunt's Account of the Island of Elba." (June 1, a mile before it falls into the ra; but the viry distant period, without being more waien gusie: (ut of the rock in such ahua: cxlianstei thail we see them. He supposes caucc, that it this sereniconills ini ilmi the present arca, were the ore is dug, to siiort course. Ve followed this prett; be a criander of 5000 feet in circumference, $ucam down a marrow vale, cultivated with tipon a depth of 200 feet, capable of congreat nicety, and planted with orange and taining 397,727,000 cubic feet of earth or viher truit irces, till it brought us 10 the Ole, of which, only one-third part, or ceiet;rateri iron nine.

1:32,570,406 , is to be assigned to the This zuine is it, like most others, com- solid mineral; that each culic foot of ore pozeil vi ferrugines strata, or if pieces of weighis 403 pounds; and therefore, that ore disposit! ar?o!: lucicogeneous saps. the whole weight of the ore hitherto dug stances, in horizontal sireak it accidental oné amounts to 5-1,090,872,000 pounds. Jumps, virich are come at with difficulty, Now, for many years back, the annual exby means of galicies, engines, and deep portation has not exceeded 41,666,250 piis; on the contrary, it turns one large pounds weight; by which computation it hill of solid ore, worker in die tenaces, appears, that it would require 1,298 ycars arer the mainer of a fine (marry et stone, to work out a quantity equal to what may hy clear anar flc top, and ioning or be contained in the above-inentioned area. biastute rock, till it crops in shivers But as the steward assured me, he did not into t'ic arca, from whence it is whetic to sell, upon an average, more than 35,000,000 film pace of sair. The circunference of of pounds weight a year, the allowance this iron ball is prar tluce mikes, and the made by Pini is too great by near a seventh. Opt of te ore to the siaty foundation Besides, much mo:e copper was used anci. about 200 feet. There it has not yet been ently in arms and utensils than at present, touched, or las lain umiiniurheil may gunpoder was unknown, and consequentYears, vines and other pianis groir tolerably ly greater difficulties attended the miner's vel on the surface, and are said bv Koerin art. Thin ore of Ella was probably smieltfm 10 coitain particles of iron in their ed at 130 other.place than that from which leaves and sicms, as may be di covered by it derived its name, Populonium ; and therea calcination. If this were really the case, fore we may believe, that a much smallar which I very much ricult, it would give a quantity than 35,000,000 waz annually exgreater degree of credibility to the stories tracted; consequently the mine, could not toll in Hungary, where bits of gold are be worked down to its actual state in so shoun adering to the sta!s and grapes of short a term as 1,298 years. The extent the Tokay vines, supposed to have been of the part yet untouched will afford em. drawn out of the ground by the plant in the ployment for many ages to come, notwithcourse of vegetaiion.

standing the greater expedition used in The place where the present works are modern metallurgy. The Prince of Piom(arried on resem!)les a tinnel with one side bivo, to wliom these treasures belong, rebroken down. About 700 pounds weight ceives from the sale, communibus annis, of gunpowder are consumed annually in about 40,000 Roman crowns (9,5231. sterblasting, ane? 106 men constantly employed Img), clear of a'l expences. with the pickare or barow. From a scar. The ancients were of opinion, that the ciiy (if wood, none of the cle is smctc.? ore was reproduced in a course of years by 11.e island, it is sold ti ile abouts of she a species of vegetation; and such has been Tuscall, Roman, Corsicall, and capcliine the sentiment of some moderns, who allege, furnaces, at the r210r? (y-2.?!? CIOCIS per that many pickaxes, and other implements, Crnio; a weighit cousistira ¢1 :,:33 ponuds have been found in old workings, covered and a half each. The Córicans and Tus- with an incrustation of iron, As none of Czas tiare a right to pick th“ Grk, for which these tools have been met with in the heart they pay an additional prire'. All oiliers of the virgin rock, but always in the take it musorteil, and, with very parcel of trenchies, where the shiver of old grooves large cre, are obliged to take a tentia part

has of the refrise: the two persileged traders * Lobarde, in a note upon this passage Ara ve a lif:).

of his translation), roubts the accuracy of This ore. is beautiful, abounding in rain- my calculations; he thinks 3,3801. sterling, Dow shoots and crystallisations; but, al- (which is nearly the amount of what I state thongh it a; pears to the eye an: to the

as the expences of working, &c.) much too feel to be almost one suiid mass of iron,. it small an allowance for 106 miners, beside is by zlo means so rich as maliy iron ores in officers, overseers, and the expence of carIlie north of Europe, and hardly yields riage. In answer to this it must be observ. hulfits weight in pure netai.

ed, that part of the 106 workmen wheel It is a doubt, whether this mine of Rio the ore 10 the boats, which is all the carribe the same mawioner?, lvy Aristotle and age required, while the remainder break other ancient alcois, 10 have been open down the blocks of ore; and I imagine in their time, but it is generally believeil that the pay of these 106 labourers does . . to be so. Pini, who in 1777 gave a disser- not exceed 2000l. per annum; and as the sation on Ellia, makes a calculation to officers are few ini number, the remainder prove, that it is possible ihiese mmes may

of the 3,3801. is more than sufficient for have been continually wrought siuce that their salaries and the wear and tear of toolsią


has been thrown, the crust gathered round empire, this place became a prey to the thema is no proof of the regeneration of iron. Goilis and Lombares; anc!, at last, ClarkIt is plain, that this coat is not proglicou magar pace tre Pope is present of it, who by the same canses that create an increase clie? zot long enjoy the advantages of the of bulk in plants, viz, the accession of pro- dunatica; lor, in 109, some lawiess tribes of per food and juices assimilating the u-elves montavicers levelled Populonie with the to the plant, and becomin, part of it. This gro!!!11. incrustation is no more than the juuction Vacains of the 03d, so strong a of innumerable minute particles of roa dis de sang pin the .&. iliat ener". persed in the rubbish of the works, whic! glui in 1. ini Porto 1:12002, in avoid ron together, and by leath of time coilie)Biol. In kroega tiie channel wick io lidate into a mineral mass.

thie Ciast of PC. On the 22d, a faint breeze carried 11s ont Purtis 2012..e is a considerable foutres, of the harbour of Porto-Ferraio, into the bel in iww.io 22 completed in thirty channel that divides Elba tiom the Tuscail y. Cardina: lazarm, with a vies coast.

Cisiirhin the Spaans in their ???:"!!! The captain assured we, that the com, x5 cution wii: Lies, and of multilius the was of no use in steering a ship within fuur Begre, om hebben to be a zlodis partie leagues of Eiba, as the needle veered about Sizi of;işan, stii the Harethai de la intele continually with great irregulariy. Scmeleraie, in 16iti

, iiih a kiert and array, 10 antkors deny the existence of any such at- attuck P:onubia and Porto Longone, traction in the island, or even its possibly; Tie tormersas carried in a few days, and others are of opinion, that if uis ailiuctive the latter cbliged tu capitilaie after a lilla power exisi, it can be perceptible only on uglit', sege. išoth places were reakut, the side where the mines lie, and that a iy 1050, by Don Jo'ın of 11:11?.. vessel must be very near the island to be It is rios garrisoned by Neapolitan within the reach of its maynetic action. troops, as leisz annexeu to the crown of Withont attempting to argue the point, i thelvio Sicilies, with the rest of the Tincan shall content myself with mentioning, that Presiili, sme Pintip the Fifth tried to his I perceived the ntraust confusion and vari- son Don Carlos al nis chiens upen rät ation in the needle most part of the clav, kingiloin. It stands upon the north-east though we consta itly kept at the distance promontory of a lar:e bay. At the bottom of a league from Elba.

of this bay, a projecting rock, with a small The wind was low and usett'ed, and castle 110v it, detomis and hides the entwenty-four hours passed in tacis. This trzece of tisk vrbour, a pleasant and welldelay, and the fineness of the weaver, at sketereri cove. At the foot of the hills are forded leisure to examine the coast of Trsa sali millie: fi.!l oferttages and vineyarls, cany, which is flat and woody, back at a intersect with usted pueths, and ingreat distance by the mountaitis of Siena; closed with longes or arbeid., which, at those of Montenero, rear Laglom, bom tus season of the year, are remiered parti. tie horizon to the norid; and, on the souh cularly for chill bite scarlet heries that quarter, the ridge belin Orbrichto, vill airesi cover the birlies. On the sout the jnsulated promontory of Monte !!! Se is a site weil wider the rock, wiere tato, closes the prospert. The xh.is .1!!szunk their baís is, take in later." about ten miles wicke; but, from the earness of the atmosphere, does not appear to The inexhaustible credulity of the public be more than five. Some small islands is- las been forl, string llie past 13:0!ll

, by persed in the passage, the high lands of certaia London. papers, all their Purician Elba, the city of Piombino, and a greai collaten.icts, wiili talles about the behar variety of vessels sailing in all directions, voir ! Sanoier, during his jonmey to composed a most delightful marise piire, Eiba; 11.3"{:.. that iu i arrency to worthy of the pencil of a Claude orafoniet. suth tra they proveli 109 Uch, for, it be

Piombino, built on the point of a litile was so weak and priunions as these bay, is the capital of a pracipality fomer kraves 4 :} now nal.co uis believe, of it ly belonging to the republic of Pisa, audi, standard or i: t lloci a:11** this have been on the destruction of that commonly kizitii, who gave so le bon suland by inn? occupied by private usarpeis. Proin the All vek:ow en créable iliiority is tiiis, fifteenth century, it was įm esseri !! the that on the 1st or April le left Fontaine Appiani family, which beratie est in bicail, cambiare ai pels on the Soth in the reign of the Emperor Perdinand the the lintained British tiili, and luule Second. He seized upon it as an imperial ai Eiba cintuje 1th of Nay: The similes, escheat; and, in 1634, sold it tu Nicholas of the objection of the indubiants to receive Ludovisi, nephew to Pope Gregory the a man iko was about to send a quarter vi Fifteenth. A grand-danghter of Nkilas a inillion sterling per annua among them, carried the estate and honors into the liouse and to all their island with tourists and of Buoncompaxno, Duke of Sora.

wealthy visitors, were printed in the L1!Not far from hence stood the ancient city dwu and Paris papers, even before it cond of Populonia, a colony of tlie Volterraos, be known in kba, that Sapoleon liad fixed c'and one of the first cities built in Italy wear on that island for his residece. the sea.coast. After the fall of the Roman


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