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Population of Northamptonshire. (June 1, of trees, your correspondent recommends ding practical directions for manage the latter as the most productive; al. ment, as well as the superior ratio of prothough, on account of the mismanagement fit (compared with compound interest) to which planting is liable, he finally de- made out by induction; I am induced to cides in favour of compound interest. invite your valuable correspondent to

In addition to a desire of recommend- furnish the public, through your medium, ing the plan of Cominon Sense to gene. with those details to which he has als ral adoption, I am actuated, I consess, luded, and thus to impart to bis countryby a subordinate motive in addressing inen a two-fold benefit. you. Considering the great importance

John MACKENZIE. of a luminous theory of planting, inclu. Godmanchester, NIarch 28, 1814.


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Hisham-Fer-}| 1,250 1,405



818 868

5' 13 601 006 Warden Cleley

1,174) 1,316 7 21 672 429 Corby

1,976 2,071

· 11 42 870 181 Fawsley

2,24,1 2,467; 111 341,238 697 Greens-Nor. ?

9211 1,033 1 16 674) 307 ton Guilsborough 1,719 1,905 41 29 910 820 Hamfordshoe 1,324, 1,488 10 12 521 890

6 7 624 593 rer's Huxloe

2,113 2,260 10 38 1,086 1,063 Kings-Sutton 2,010 2,220 91 321,160 Navisford 402 441

247 158 Nobottle-Grove 1,440 1,516 61 31 806 99% Orlingbury 912

988 225 593 3161 Polebrook

668 769 3 22 342 359 Rothwell 1,449 1,506 1 35 808 581 Spelhoe

966 1,003 8 11 573 290 Towcester

834 999 8 25 4.5 407 Willybrook 972 1,026 51 1 619 52: Wymersley 1,109 1,518 8120 9.10 396


1,898) 1,991 3,889 2,665 3,137 5,802 4,511/ 4,759 9,270 5,449 5,759 11,208 1,949 2,267 4,216 4,104 4,301 8,405 3,178] 3,779 6,957 3,121 3,506 6,627 4,815 5,275 10,0909 4,529 5,396 9,925

941 1,047 1,988 3,500 3,553 7,053 2,101 2,240 4,341 1,640 1,874 3,520 3,046 3,486 6,532 2,236 %,433 4,669 1,887) 2,171 4,(158 2,276 2,364 4,640 3,243 3,691 6,934


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1,778 1,896 3 101 1,025 430 443 4,105 4,537 8,663
8,109 11,061 71| 2521,734 5,475 3,855 23,379/26,387 49,766
3,302 3,976|12| 165 1,801

996 1,179 8,862 9,841 18,703 2,067 2,184 15 55 1,321 494

369 5,164 5,534 10,698 2,132 2,639 16 159 1,175 976 488 5,589 6,194 11,783 6,790 7,732 38 268 3,701 2,022 2,006 18,044 19,171 37,215

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From Letters, State Papers, Scarce Tracts, fic. &c. found in Public or Private

Libraries at Home or Abroad. To be continued Occusionally.

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ACCOUNT of the NEGOCIATION of non on the contrary, to commence operations

SIEUR DE LOMENIE, then SECRETARY by driving the leaguers and Spaniards of STATE of NAVARRE, with ELIZA from the inaritime provinces nearest to BETU, QUEEN OF ENOLAND, in 1595, England, whence they could make expefrom u MS. in the NATIONAL LIBRA ditions and descents upon that island; ry of FRANCE, marked Manuscrits de among others from Normandy, part of Brienne, No. 37: now first published in which they possessed, and especially from ENGLAND.

Brittany, of which the Duke de Mer. [The restored communication with Paris caur, Prince Lorrain, brother-in-law

will enable us to lay before our readers of llenry III. had made himself mas. many other valuable articles from the

ter, by the aid of the Spaniards. Thus same important source.)

in all the treaties which Elizabeth made T,

10 understand the object of this em. with Henry IV, she took especial care bassy it is necessary to premise in a

to exact that the first operation should be few words the state of French affairs, and to clear the provinces of the Spanish the chief political and military operations troops, who had obtained a footing there, of Ilenry IV. from his accession to the In consequence the first step which Henend of 1595, the year of the journey of ry found hinself obliged to undertake, 01. Lomenie to England. Spain was upon the death of his predecessor, was the common enemy both of France and

to raise the siege of Paris, and go into England; Henry the Fourth had a useful Normandy, in order to be near the suce ally in Queen Elizabeth; their general in. cours which he expected from England.

to combine their powers It was then that he gained the battle of against Philip II. and resist the League* Arques, and that without the English, and Spain ; but as to the plan of opera- who did not arrive till afterwards. With tions, both in relation to time and place, their assistance, and the title of Conquethere was occasionally a difference, and ror of Mayenne, lie thought himself strong even an opposition, between the respec- enough to appear again before Paris. He tive interests of Elizabeth and Henry. In forced some of the fauxbourgs, but confact, the interest of Henry was first to re tent with having alarmer that capital, duce bis capital, and then to drive his and beheld the terror of the inhabitants eneinies from the centre of the kingdom from the top of the towers of the Abbey · to the frontiers; that of Elizabeth was, of St. Germain des Prez, he re entered

"The Holy Leagne, of a large party in Normandy, to gratify the wishes and urFrance, supported by the Emperor, the gent solicitations of Elizabeth. After King of Spain, and the Dukes of Parma sonie petty expeditions in that province and Savoy. Transl.

the English returned hone; and Henry,

3 I 2



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Particulars of a forgeiten Embassy [June 1, without their assistance, in the year folo Still Elizabeth beheld wilta inquietude lowing (1590) gained the victory of Irri. Brittany in the bands of the Duke de

licary, twice conqueror without the Mercæur, the leaguers, and the Spaaid ot the English, who did not niards. She dreuded lest Spain, which come till after the battle of Arques, and had always more than France turned ils returned before that of lvri, appeared views and efforts to the sea-coust, should, again before bis capital, and a second jrom possession of the ports of that protime without the linglisti. The arrival dince, desire to found there a marine, a of the Prince of Parma baving compelled rival of the British navy, and which, liimtretreat, he solicited new suce blocking up England in its ports, might cours from England, and as it was utierly cramp its commerce. She alicgys engaged vain to propose any project 10 Elizabeth Henry uloze every thing to reduce that in which there wus no udvuntage to herself, province; she expressly charged him with he suggested the siege of Rouen.

This cask in all her treaiies with him; but Elizabeth sent purposely for this expe- he had for a long time business more uralition 4000 men, commanded by the gent; the Spania:ds were pressing him Earl of Essex, anii steadily following up in all the provinces of his kingdon, and her design of driving the Spaniards out from being at first only auxiliaries of the of the provinces of France, opposite the league, very soon became direct enemies. coasts of England, or adjacent to the Low At the co:nmencement of the year 1595 Countries, she sent orber bodies of troops llenry declared war against thein; and into Brillany and Picardy.

reckoping rather tno sanguinely upon the Henry, always dependant both upon interest which Elizabeth would take in friends and cnemies, persons and events, stopping their progress in Picardy, which could not assist in any of these operations, the Comte de Fuente had entered with The Earl of Essex upon bis arrival sound considerable forces, he occupied bimself llenry occupied in more pressing expeilio with Burgundy, where the pingress of the 11911s than the siege of Rouen. Ile re: league demanded liis presence. Ile was ceived liis excuses; but Elizabeth, glad victor at the battle of Fontaine-Tirantoh, : prelert for refusing the perpe- çoise; be reduced that whole province, tual !'w cy of Ilery for further aid, and some adjacent. Ile obliged the bitterly; (cniplarnia ojo liis treach of faith, Duke de Mayenne to solicit a treaty; cirudd thicatened to recall ihe English. but the Spaniards. took their revenge in Vienry, offrighicii cit this menace, basten. Picardy. D'Ilunieres was killed before ed to invest Rouen. The English were the town of Ilans, at the inoilent when oi eminerit service to him in this siege. he was introducing the French into the The Duke de Sully even zitests that they place: the Count de Fuente had seized were the only persons «ho serveil llenry Catelet la Capelle, Dourlens, and Cam, ris bonne fui. Elizabeth, who loved to bray. The Admiral de Villars, who had grumok about her allies, and perpetually surrendered Roucn to llenry the Fourth, 502ght pucérners for refusing thm sui was killed in cold blood before Dourlens,

Our, reproached Henry with ill-lcaling and the Spaniards put to the edge of the her English, and putiing them particile suord, in that place, even the women Jarly in situations of the greaiest danger. and children. She wronged them; they voluntarily ex A fieling of resentment, that Henry posed tl'einselves for her glory and their mus not still occupied in person in Britta- . owi. [It appears from the many volan- !", prevented Elizabeth from assisting teers who acompanied the Earl of Es. him prozptly enough to prevent these ses, that this was a popular expedition, losses. The Spaniards bad in effect partTransl.)

ly confirmed the apprehensions of the Henry IV. could not enter into Paris queen. Some ships, equipped in the and loven but by the way of negocia- ports of Brittany, had just attempted a zion and treaties, for which the road descent in England, and the troops in could only be smoothed by his abjuration. their debarkation had burned some vilThis oljuration further dumped the zeal lages in the county of Cornovailles of Elizabeth, already somewhat lukewarm; (Comwall). The Burechal d'Aumont, the success of Henry still further chilled whom Henry bad left to continue the war ii. in proportion as this prince con- in Brittany, had been mortally wounded querel lis kingdom, and strengthened before the town of Comper. luimscif' upon the throne, he withdrew In consequence of all these events the from the protection of Elizabeth, and queen dispatched to Henry a Sieur [for ircu! Busuif trou dependance upon her. Sir!] Roger Willems, [or Williams !} eliose


who are


instructions to which answer those given jects, yet at all times all princes, and the Oct. 5, 1595, to the Sieur de Lomenie, king himself, cause the greater part of is the second article of the MS. and their actions to have a relation to the sashoulu have been the first. These in- tisfaction of their subjects, we, structions of Williams begin with some not inferior to any prince in the possescomplaints: “You shall faithfully cause sion of the hearts and inclinations of our the king to know how much it grieres us subjects, cannot despise these sentito see him so continually occupied in distant quarters, leaving so large a part of The attestation which Elizabeth pays his dominions open to the invasion of the to herselt, of not being interior to any very numerous forces of his enemies, the prince in popularity, not only is a senti. Spaniards, whom his absence so much inent virtuous and respectable in a soveencourages.

reign, but is also true, and this desire of The king, in a letter addressed to the pleasing her nation was in fact the sentiQueen of England, and in the instruc ment which reigned in her bosom, and tions given to the Sieur de Lonienie, an- regulated all her conduct. We further nounces that the Sicur Willianis met hiin see by this same discourse, that she upon the high road from London to Pa- piqued herself upon being as absolute as ris, liastening to the succour of Cambray, uny sovereign of Europe, and she in fact which was not yet surrendered, though was so, tlirough this desire and art ry closely pressed by the Spaniards. Flede. pleasing. clares that liis journey to Burgundy was llenry answered her like a prince absolutely necessary; cougratulates him, who owed her thanks for the pasi, and self upon the success that he had re was desirous of asking firours for the ceived; thinks that by such success he future: but he was not only a king, who bad well served the common cause, and was speaking of politics to a sovereign, that the said lady should consider, if shie but a gallant man, who was talking to a pleased, that the forces and favourable lady; lie puts in his vispatches a more succours wherewith she had heretofore affectionate tone, than usual in diplom assisted his majesty had been employed macy. He alarmıs himself with the cool. against the Spaniards and their adherents, ness which he thinks he observes in the the common enemies of their king:loms; friendship of Elizabetli, and the refusal and that the said lady could not avoid which she has made to his requests fur participating in the advantages which re succours, of which he laboured under suited from it, because the progress and extreme want, but appears to be less designs of the said enemies were diverteul concerned by the injury which her reand interrupted by means of the said fusal gave to his affairs, than the demonforces.

stration which it betrayed of the coolness Elizabeth reproaches him with sufficient of which he complains. “I must tell bitterness in her instructions to Williams, you, Madam, (he says) that I think I and observes that her enemies have ne. have seen some coolness in your good ver been more porerful in the provinces, will towarris me, without any consciousin wbich the vicinity to her made her ness on iny part of having given occasion take the most lively interest; she rede. for it. The aid which you have been mands of him the blood of her subjects : requested to furnish for the business of she. ut least asks him where was the paya my province of Picardy, by the persons ment for it ; since fresh applications for of iny council, whom I had places new succurs succeeded each other with there, during my absence, and which out interrup:ion, she was afraid that she I had long age, solicited by the disshould wear out the patience of her sulo patches of which the Sieurrie la Birra jects; sie wished to preserve for the de- deric has bright you, wa, so necessary, lence of her menaced states, the troops that from your not having granted it, I which she reproches herself for hucing have perceived some diminution of the tou ofien anit too lightly granted to the kind cilices, which you hare usually King of France lo conquer his own king. shown me. In these I can feel the doms: she does not like that her subjects smailest alteration, with:ut the greatest should complain that they lavished their regret and sexation, there lieing nothing blood for the interest of strangers, whilst in the world which I desire more thai she neglected the real interest of the na- the preservation of your kind offices and tion, “for (says she) though we do not good will, which are so dear to me, thist speak as a prince who is constrained to I shall strive to prescrie chein by all the give an account of his conduct to his sub nieans and good offices which shall be in



Particulars of a forgotten Embassy

(June 1, my power. I must indeed, Madam, their island ;* but to make them consent, confess, that I should be jealous if your they proposed to Elizabeth to restore good will towards me was not reciprocal: Havre, in lieu of which they offered Cainclination led us to this correspon- lais: to this she answered, that she dence, &c."

could not think of such a compensation, [This letter presents some reflections, as the surrender of such a place as Havre Henry had known constant domestic for a mere fishing-town, like Calais : dificulties, and war with Evrgland would besides, that it was more simple, for have ruined him; but have been of no each party to keep what they possessed. service to Great Britain, in fact, only They declared war against her: they be. raised the Spaniards and Emperor upou sieged llavre, catholics, protestants, all the ruins of Henry's fortune. His an burned with the desire of expelling swer about Calais shows, however, that the coinmon enemy. The protestants these were mere professions from policy: showed even the more arduur, because but they also show one remarkable fact, they had to efface the error of having inthat Elizabeth's weakness about her per- troduced the English. Havre was son was not known so much as historians taken,f and Elizabeth repented that she have conceived, for Henry would other had refused Calais. In 1595 she thought, wise certainly have impressed that foible that there was a favourable opportunity into his service. Trans.]

for re-demanding it, by making it the As to his conduct, he justifies it by price of the succours, which she consaying, that he has done all be could: sented to grant to llenry IV. for the that if he bad not entirely cleared the defence of Picardy against the Spaprovinces adjacent to England, that he niards. has done at least a part of that work : Upon this proposition, Henry did not that he has subdued all Normandy, answer a single word in his letter, but in which is one of those provinces : that he the instructions given to the Sieur de hoped to do as much in Brittany; if, Lomenie, he quitted a gallant and affecafter the conquests and good success tionate tone, for an answer dry enough, which the Marechal d' Aunont had had and rather resentful, “ that he could not the last year in the Lower Brittany, the imagine that it had entered into her said lady had not recalled her forces, views to demand the said town of Cawhich occasioned a stoppage of the prose lais, which his Majesty would not take perity which the affairs of his Majesty less pains to preserve than the other were taking in that country: in conse parts of his kingdom.” quence he solicited, that she would send

In a word, he asked her for new suc. again those forces which she had re cours, but he wished her to grant them called. He also demands succours for in consideration only of the common inPicardy, where he proposed to reiake all terest, which he thought ought to have that the Spaniards had taken that year, full sway over her mind, without any through the opportunity of his absence. views of private interest, which could In relation to that province, the instruc. only tend to looseis the knots, which it tions of Williams ended by a proposition, was of importance in draw closer. He which was the great object of the po- gave ber to understand, that confiding Jitics of Elizabeth, and the grand motive upon her assistance, and her zeal for the of the embassy of Williams to France.

common cause, he had refused proposiElizabeth regretted Calais, lost under the tions of peace and alliance, where the reign of her sister : she wished to regain interests of England were not sufficiently for England, either this key of France or

consulted. He proposed to Elizabeth some other, which would be equally at to send plenipotentiaries to some conlier controul: she did not give her suc. venient place, where they would alsa. cours, she sold them: when at the begin- meet those of his Majesty, in order to ning of the civil wars of France, in the confer of affairs common to both kinga reign of Charles IX. the protestants had doms. He gave her the choice of Calais, implored the support of England, Eli- Abbeville, Dieppe, Saint Vallery, or zabeth made them surrender llavre de Crotoy: le preferred Abbeville, because, Grace, and would not engage but upon from vicinity, he could more easily comthis condition, to assist thein in defend. ing the rest of the province. The treaty * The Protestants deserted the English, concluded between the two parties, who were no parties in the treaty, Camd, (llenry and the protestants) before Or- Annal. p. 81, Ed. 1615. Transl. Jeans in 1563, engaged, that the English + Chiefiy by the prevalence of a pestishould evacuate Havre and return into lential disease, Camd. 82, 83. Trunsl.


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