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419
Tour round North IVales.

(June 1, large blocks of stone start out in every va

Fourth Day. riety of configuration from amidst the

Tan-y-Bwlch to scar and scanty coat of heath- 10 sheep

Bethgellart 10 appear at present on themmibe road

Carnarvon 13 walled off by a loose stone barrier--the

Bangor

9 fields on the flat enclosed in the saine way, but the midst of even these is thick

In all

32 post miles, ly sown with huge masses of rock. This The ride of ten miles to Bethgellart, gloomy country terminates at Trawsfyne on the whole, superior to any former nyd, where we breabfast at a compleat part of our journey-the scenery is still Welsh inn, where not a word of English more grand, and now diversified with is spoken or understood-you see none frequent views of the sea--one of these but women, and hear nothing but the per. very remarkable-a rock by the road co: petual Dimfasnick.

vered mith Lichen Geographicus-several In the church a few benches-no large rocks are seen in the midst of some pews-110 other records of the illustrious green mcudows, which have been recodead than a duplicate of the coftin-plate vered from the sea. It happens as with nailed against the wall !--The cemetery Cader Idris, that Snowdon and his satele is walled in with a high wall, and the lites burst suddenly on the view (on turn. gate locked-all solemn stillness !--the ing a point which concealed them), when inscriptions all in Welsh. The huts (they oniy five or six miles distant—the picture are no more) exhibit comely women, and was presented to us hall veiled, in rahealthy well-looking children--the feet pidly moving black clouds and fleecy vaof the former are bare, but never the pour skudding round the sides, and overlegs--they wear a stocking which has no hanging the suminit, of the mountains; foot, but loops on to the toe. Every its peak was visible for only five minutes, man you meet salutes you, but not a when the half of the mountain was again word of English.--A simple race, appa. enveloped in dark clouds, and we saw it reritly far removed from all temptation no more.--We now rode along the side to evil: we had heard in Dolgelly that of an almost perpendicular rock, and apthe English judge was arrived to try , proach the pass of Aberglasslyn.--Here the only criminal on the list ! „Five miles you enter Carnarvonshire froin Merio. before we arrive at Tan-y. Bwlch the ste- neth, between (wo precipitous cliffs of rile scene gives place to thers of greater vast height, not more dis

ant than the interest than any that have yet occurred houses of a moderate street from their on the tour'athe mountains become still opposites. The road at the entrance of more huge and diversified in their outline this pass makes a turn at right anglesand relative situation, throwing huge with the former; inmediately before the black shadows on one another in all di- turn is the Pont, which, consisting of one rections. In a few miles descend by a arch thrown over a brook, completes the. steep serpentine road, itselt picturesque, continuity of the road the bridge as lite into ihe midst of a small elliptical valley, tie remarkable as the pass is the reverse. opening at one extremity to the sea by One mile further Bethgellart--the foot Tie-Madoc, and surrounded by a magni. of Snowdon--the harper playing at the fident amphitheatre of mountains. This door on the triple-stringed harp of the delicious vale, called Maentrog, abounds country--the church-story of Llewellyn in wood, water, meadows, and fertility- and his hound-rock crystal sold the is of sınall diameter (a basin as it were streets, and specimens of copper ore. of bills); the beautiful grounds of Mr. Clouds continue to encrease, no hope of Valley occupied us for three hours, till ascending Snowdon to-day--determine dinner time-the inn a bandsome build- therefore to proceed along its base to. ing, erected at the expense of Mr. Oak. Carnarvon, and attack its opposite side ley--the roads to it very fine-the bridge next day. In five miles the mountains handsone-close to it two handsome became less picturesque, and there is Curnpike-gates, built like lodges, at the more of sterility than of the sublime.entrance of the vale. After dinner rode In two more they cease altogether over the opposite hill to see two very fine then for six miles, towards Carnarvon cataracts. The vale of Festiniog, celc- and the Menai Strait, the country is a very, krated by Lord Lyttleton, is but two uninteresting flat, except where, piles from the inn-some of our party ascending a slight eminence, you get a sode there to see a third cataract, and view of the water-Isle of Anglesea and che saw it by candle-light.

Beaumaris at a distance, and more near

the

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1814.] Mr. Roberdeau's Sketch of the Hampshire Library-Society. 413 the town of Carnarvon, with the high has advanced to 3000 well-selected voturrets of its castle.

lumes, and was enabled to open with 700, Carnarvon-market day-women, old under the precaution of repressing (at and young, all in men's teaver hats-o first) expensive works; and by purchasing poor market-town inconsiderable and principally, for the foundation stock, stupid, except the walk round the walls used books: magazines and reviews are and along the quay. The castle fine and received; but the question of newspapers extensive, but harsh and angular for the has always been carried in the negative, most part, 110 “ivy-mantled towers”-left as articles beneath the honest pride of it after dinner, and proceeded, by a fine literature ! The subscription was two road of nine miles, along the bank of the guineas, (now increased, with the proMenai to Bangor--Beaumaris, in Angle- perty, to nearly double,) with an juvaria. sey, quite conspicuous the houses, ble annual payment of one guinea, and churches, woods, mills, and shore of the haif-a-crown to the library-keeper. The island (which is indeed but three miles officers of the society are, a president, a distant) present a continually amusing treasurer, an actuary-all undertaken scene.-The Roman horse Inight cer- gratuitously; and a library-keeper, at a tainly be credited to have swam the strait stipend: these are chosen, or else re-elecfroin one oi the banks of sand to the op- ted, every year. The library. keeper lets posite at low water. Approach to Bangor to the society two rooms in his house, for beautiful-turn of the strait-view of the purposes of the institution; by which Beaumaris distinct-uch like Cowes moderate expence, the funds have not and the Isle of Wight, from the oppo. been appropriated and wasted, upon the site side of the Southampton water-but pomp and paraphernalia of the establishthe Anglesey view is the most distinctment, which ill-planned direction of and beautiful.

nieans, has shortened the original and

intended purposes of so many magnifico's To the Editor of the Nlunthly Alagazine. of this kind.

The following are some of the principal OUR desire of circulating plans of laws and regulations:-The library is for provincial towns, induces me to offer for hours every day, at the rooms; with the insertion a sketch of the Hampshire Libra. right of having two books at one time at ry-society of Portsmouth and Portsea; of their own houses, a certain number of which I had the pleasure to be the first days; new publications for shorter periods projector, and, with two friends, selected than old ones. Forfeits are established its laws and regulations from those of and rigorously enforced (by attaching miany similar institutions. It was esta. the responsibility upon the library-keepblished in October 180-4, until which time, er) for detaining books, and for non-atthis first sea-port town in the kingdoin tendance at quarterly.meetings. Which was totally unprovided with such rational forfeits have proved a lucrative addition and beneficial resource. It had of course to the yearly receipts, as well as an infallito overcome much prejudice and opposi- ble preservation of the library from spo. tion; and, excepting the worthy (and la- liation or incompleteness; as unpaid for. mented !) Sir John Carter and his nephew, feits double every month, till they attain had not an individual corporative name, the whole value of the defaulter's share, among the 130 members with which it which then sinks into the general stock. opened. That it overcame all difficulties Shares are transferable upon death or in its formation, I attribute to the sole removal, at the prices last fixed by the measure of vesting its legislation and en- committee; any collusion between parties tire future guidance at once in open como vitiates the purchaser's right. Five memmittees of all the subscribers, assembled bers are annually chosen as a committee at the given hour of business: this popular of revisal, who may cast out any books attempt was by many considered as in not worthy of being retained: this bas sufficiently complimentary to the grada- hitherto only been done at a re-print of tions of society, but not any inconvenience the library-catalogue. The method of has ever resulted from such general ad- admitting books, is for any member to mission to power; and so far from its write down the title and price at the lia producing crowded meetings, not always brary, with his signature, one clear week could the number of seven be found to before either of the two monthly purchasform a board for business. The amount ing meetings; (there are some variations of members has been nearly stationary, as to works of large expence;) when, if the though now risen to 161. The library list is beyond the reach of the sum of MONTHLY Mac. No, 255.

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414
Defence of the Clergy

[June 1, money to be appropriated, their prece, virlues of a simple; and one, too, where dence is drawn by lot: each work is then the interested arts of the quack cannot separately ballotted for, and ordered, or well be practised. If tar be wholly inefnot, for purchase: the surplus books ficacious as a medicine, it is to be lamenstand first for nomination on the next en- ted that the good rector of Wellwyn suing purchase night. Ten pounds is the swallowed whole casks of this, I suppose, sum disposed of, when no specific sum unpalatable material.

W. N.
has been ordered by a previous commit Bedford Row, May 8, 1814.
tee. With such very moderate subscrip-
tion carefully employed, the society now To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
possesses å valuable mass of general lite-

SIR,
rature in every department. In the se-
lection, utility bas been preferred to AS

S the press ought at all times to be

open for the vindication of characsplendour, and general information to abstract opinion. Neither divinity nor

ter as well as the promotion of truth, and jaw have been permitted to load the has been made the vehicle for diffusing

as your extensively circulating miscellany shelves: in the matter of that great stuinbling block of mixed associations, trust thai you will readily admit a short

a very injurious and unjust calumny, I politics, the due regard to that invaluable maxiin" audi alterunr partem," has never sent D. B. P. EccLESTON.

and temperate reply to your corresponbeen forgot of violatec; and diversity of

Mr. E. in a letter dated Lancaster, opinion has only promoted the successful

December 1813, has thought proper to progiess of the establishment. Should the above delineation hare the and respectable clergyman for having

attack in very virulent language a worthy e!fect to instigate similar attempts in dis.

c refused the rites and right of sepulture" tricts, at present unprovided with such

innocent child;" and, in the easy resource for information and general enthusiasm of his indignant zeal, demands knowledge, through the inzernion of your " Is this Christianity is this the establishslistinguished and valuable miscellany, it ed religion of a civilized. people ?" Yes, will very pleasingly gratily, Chelsea, J. P. Rubendeat. it is consistency,—it is propriety, it is a

Dr. Editor, I answer, it is. It is more ; plurch 25, 1814.

P.S. The great error of those institutions just and respectful obedience to the laws in the metropolis which are reported to be of the land; and a becoming submission fast sinking into premature decay, has to the wholesome regulations of ecclesiarisen from not sufficiently perceiving that assical polity: such establishments require income, quite

Is Nir. E. so ignorant as to require to as much as capitul; and cannot succeed be informeil, that if the "worthy, worthy, without a due mixture of share-price, and worthy vicar," as he has sneeringly termannual subscription.

ed the reverend gentleman who is the

object of his illiberal attack, had adinit. To the Editor of the Alonthly magazine. ted to the right of Christian burial the

corphe of a person (whether infant or HOME time ago, I observed in a peri- arduilt it is alike unimportant) who had

odical publication, a method of cure never been adınitted into any society or for a bleeding in the nose, practised lry day denomination of Christians, he would the pensant, in a district of Sweden, have been guilty of the profanation of a which, contrary to expectation, turned rite, which, as a clergymnan, he is bound out to be complex; but which brought 10 to ob-erve; and would have subjected my mind an extremely easy and simple himself to ecclesiastical censure, or even cue, which I hard seen pirctised in any deprivation? younger years, that of placing a key, or The caso, according to Mr, E.'s own any piece of colit iron, or, no doubt, any stateinent, fully exculpates the clergyman other metal, to the back part of the neck, trom any degree of blame, for it admits This application, I think invariably, in a that this poor innocent child” had been short time stopped the effusion.

already refused interment in the parish I cannot but think thar tar-water, where its parents resided. Why then i which was so much extolled about the should have been thought incumbent iniddle of the last century, the good ef- upon the minister of another parish to fects of which are also se confidently men- permit its burial in his parish, and in thaç tioned in the letters of Dr. Young, with ground which is expressly set apart by a which you continue to favor us, ought prescribed ceremonial of the church not to be so much neglected, Mankind called consecration, for the interment of are seldom altogether mistaken about the its meinbers, it would be difficult for him

SIP,

SIR,

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to prove. Perhaps equally so as to jus- to knew his duty, and he would have detify the ridiculous rhodomontade of the served not only the censure of his supeaforesaid child being therefire “left to

riors in the church, but the reprobation rot on the surface of the earth, be wor of his parish and neighbourhood, and the ried by dogs, or devoured by crows!” contempt of “ Philistines, Infidels, Hea

Upon my word, Mr. Editor, I cannot thens, and Turks,” to qunte Mr. E.'s but admire your transcendent good, na- climax, (if any such there he in “Kendal ture to have indulged Mr. E. in his or Westmoreland,") if he had acted strange desire to appear in print, and to

Otherwise. Ile who endeavours to excite "extend beyond the limits of the circula- disrespect towards the sacred order on tion of a provincial paper" such absurdity. so unreasonable, so frivolous, and unjust

After asking Mr. Eccleston whether he a pretext, ought therefore to be adnio. seriously believes that the poor innocent nishes of the great impropriety of his child” did in reality "rot on the surface conduct, and be lle hereby admonished of the earth,or was it devoured by crows,” accordingly."

L. in consequence of the vicar's refusal to Chelscu, April 6th, 1814. bury the corpse in his church-yard? I ain inclined to suggest to him the propriety To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. of being in future rather more cautious

IIE child was "worried by dogs!

LAWS involve the immediate interests though Mr. Eccleston, who boasts of his of the whole population of the British reading respecting “the humanity of the empire, partly as growers, or entirely as Hottentots," might peradventure have

To subsist, is the first of all added his experience, that not only dogs considerations; and to be able to subsist, but even puppies sometimes worry parsons, by moderate exertions of labour, is the it really staggers my belief that they ever

result of all social wisdom, worry the dead!

In the ayitation of this momentous But, Mr. Editor, to be serious, on a question, it will appear that the several subject which required all Mr. E.'s pow. parties are anxious to reconcile inconsisers of intellect and fancy to produce a tent and impossible conditions. smile, I cannot but express my regret that such an occasion as the present

THE MANUFACTURING INTEREST de. should have been seized with so much mands that the English fariner, or land. avidity, for the purpose of bringing a lord, way be on the footing of the Polish clergyman into contenipt. When Mr. E. or American farmer, or landlord, and says, in the hackneyed phraseology so meet them at the same price in the maroften resorted to by declaimers, "tell it ket; forgetiing all the differences of their not in Westmoreland,” &c. it is so evie circumstances, that the price of land, ladent, by the very method which he has bour, horses, and implements, is in Enge taken of giving universality to his narra.

land four times as great as in those coun... tion, that he is desirous of its being not tries, and that an incompetent recomonly told " in Westmoreland" but publish- pence for agricultural labour and capital ed before the whole world, and every would ultimately be the means of turning creature;" and, for the purpose of exciting them to manufactures ; thereby unduly the scoffs of the malignant, and the sar- increasing the stock; creating a glut in castic illiberality of all who feel pleasure the market, and sinking the price of main the debasement or humiliation of the mufactured articles to the reduced level clerical character ; that it inmediately of farming capital and labour. occurs to me to be the duty of every consisterit friend of the church to point

TIE AGRICULTURAL INTEREST, on the out the following fact: That if any per. contrary, requires that the present high son within this realın of England, belong- prices may be maintained as an ivriemnity ing to, and accredited by any tolerated for high rents and increased wages, which sect or branch of the Christian religion, are required to meet beavy taxes and the sball wilfully avoid or prevent his children diminished value of money,

and to co011from being admitted by baptism into the terbalance the consequent increased price communion of Christ's church; such per- of land, labour, horses, and implements ; sons have no legal right to any of the forgetting that if subsistence is high our privileges of the church, and may not be inanufacturers cannot meet the competia interred by the ministration of any rite or

tion of other nations in the market, and ceremony incident to those only who that if the importation of corn is embara have been baptised. The vicar alluded rassed by high duties, various nations who

3 H 2

hiave

I.

II.

III,

venue.

416

Dilemma relative to the Corn Laws. (June 1, have no other staple cannot import and It appears too that the taxes, the conse consume our manufactures.

quences of a twenty years crusade against

the principles of liberty in France, must THE STATESMAN desires to see the be collected out of an ARTIFICIAL AND country grow corn enough for its con BLOATED CURRENCY. Yet the manufacsumption, so as to make its subsistence turing interests, one of their two sources of independant of foreign nations; but he is supply, are endangered by the consequent anxious at the same time to increase the high price of subsistence and if this is export of manufactures, and to enable brought down to the desired level, then them to meet all competition in foreign the agricultural interests, their other markets, and desirous of keeping down the source, inust be nearly, if not entirely, price of bread, for the subsistence of the annihilated, znanufacturers and the benefit of the The difficulty then is created proxipoor; yet he cannoi abate his assessments mately by TAXES and PAPER MONEY, or abridge the currency while his budget and remotely by war and debt. It is exhibits so enormous a single item as forty absurd therefore in the manufacturing inmillions for the interest of the public debt; terests to complain of the agricultural inand he is anxious to extend the coin. terests; because no distinct class of the merce of the country to those great coun. community merit reproach, but only tries whose staple is corn, though to al. those of each class who have abetted low the free importation of their staple the late wars, and thereby created an would to put an end to the growth of intolerable load of debt, and an amount corn in England, to destroy the landed or interest, which of itself equals the whole and farming interests, and in them tự cut rental of the kingdom before the war off his most substantial sources of re. began.

If laws and administrations of governSuch is the social dilemma in which ments did nothing more than restrain the people of England are placed. For bad passions and punish crimes, all the inthe purpose of renoving it, let us examine terests of society would find their own lethe causes and the circumstances which vel,and the force of natural circumstances, have tended to produce it.

in regard to points of the first necessity, What would be the situation of any would regulate and govern the labours, individual whose estate wus charged with pursuits and relations of the people. They mortgages double its proper rental ? seek however to regulate the force of

Tihat would be the situation of any circumstances, to controul nature, and to merchant who paid interest for the capital direct the combinations which produce sunk in remote speculations double the events, although they are unable amount of his annual profits?

to foresee all the consequences of Yet in what do the incumbrances of a their regulations, and in many comnation differ from those of such individuals? plex arrangements can only discover Is not the wealth of a nation made up of their errors by experience. It is true, that of individuals? Does not the power the comparative prosperity of Britain of a nation grow out of the accumulated affords evidence of the success of its contributions of all its members? Is any thousand legislators in applying palliaother property than that of individuals tives to every social disease; though it pledged for the public debt? Expedients cannot be disputed that our bulky statute and shifts may be resorted to in public books are composed in many instances of burrowing as well as in private borrow- mere nostrums, which seldom reach the ing.---The load in the former case may seat and origin of the disorders to which be thrown by A, B, and C, for a season they are directed; and though every such on I), E, and F, and these may contrive nostrum generates, or lays the foundation to divide it with G, H, and I.--So also a of some new disease, till it is difficult or man may borrow on one estate to relieve impossible to trace the complicated and another, and he may sell a third to pay multipled causes of new symptoms of the loan. Yet in all such cases the collec- derangement-mind dilemmas are created tive conimanity and the total means of such as that in which the country finds the individual niust eventually suffer. itself in regard to the Corn Laws? Each will naturally seek to reimburse The simple and undisturbed course of himself by the expedient of higher prices, nature, would confer on all men of the but then we return to the present disb- same nation the same recompense for culty--for none will buy of a dear manu- equal quantities of useful labour, or facturer or high-priced baker if they can combinations of labour and skill; - and wyoid it,

the unchecked and unrestricted inter

course

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