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thus be obtained in abundance; and this in fact constitutes the cheapest process of obtaining it.

If the product to be distilled with manganese has not been freed sufficiently from the muriates in which the soap lec abounds, there then is a copious production of chlorine; together with a yellow fluid, and then the quantity of iode becomes considerably diminished. This loss may be guarded against, by adding filings of zinc to the mixture, previously to submitting it to distillation. In fact, the addition of zinc filings effects the expulsion of an additional portion of iode from the mass, after the oxide of lead or manganese has ceased to act.

Professor JAMESON, of Edinburgh, has published the following short enumeration of the most important of his mineralogical conclusions :

1. That primitive rocks contain no mechanical deposites, the conglomerated rocks in gneiss and porphyry being entirely of a chemical nature.

2. That greywacke is always a pure chemical deposite, and contains no mechanical intermixture.

3. That felspar occurs more abundantly in nature than is generally supposed, this mineral being one of the principal constirent parts of granite, gneiss, cluy slate, porphyry, sienite, serpentine, flinty siate, hornstone, greywacke, transition slute, siriped jasper, oldest conglomerates, besides forming in some degree the basis of most of the pris mitive, transition, and floetz trap rocks.

4. That the vast beds of conglomerate which rest upon, and sometimes probably altera nate with, transition rocks, are also chemical deposites.

5. That sandstone in many instances appears to be a chemical deposite.

6. That many of the fragments and fragmented appearances which occur in porphyry, limestone, and trap rocks, are of a chemical nature, and of cotemporaneous formation with the rocks in which they are containeri.

:7. That true primitive veins, those confined to primitive rocks, whatever may be their Dature or magnitude, are often of cotemporaneous formation with the rocks they traverse.

8. That many of the veins in transition and floetz countries, even those extending for many hundred yards, and of great width, are of cotemporaneous formation with the rocks in which they are contained.

9. That strata of crystallized rocks may appear to run beneath an older rock when they really rest upon it, and have been formed after it.

10. That the various wavings in the strata of gneiss, mica slate, clay slate, greywacke, transition slate, and sandstone, are the effects of crystallization.

11. That the general, physical, and geographical distribution of petrifactions in the crust of the earth does not correspond with that of the present existing races of animals and plants.

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BOTANICAL REPORT.

WE

Magazine, that we have fallen so greatly into arrears as to oblige us of necessity to be very brief in our remarks; often merely to enumerate.

No. 312 contains, CLERODENDRUM tomentosum; called at Port Jac on, in New Holland, where it grows spontaneously, the Cumberland-tree, but for what reason we know not.

DiosMĄ frugans; a new species of Diosma, shewy, and the more valuable, as be ing powerfully aromatic, without any admixture of the foxy odour so disgusting in many species of this genus.

PLATYLOBIUM purviflorum. No figure has been before given of this species, though among the first plants from that country described by Dr. Smith.

PYRETHRUM indicum. A new plant, of which seeds were sent from Calcutta by Dr. Roxburgh. It does not seem to have either beauty or any remarkable quality to recommend it,

AGAVE lurida. The plant figured by Jacqnin under the same name, Mr. Ker in. forms us, is totally different; though he supposes the alteration made in its specific character, in the new edition of the Hortus Kewensis, was probably owing to Jacquin's figure. HÆMANTHUS quadrivalris.

ALLIUM striatum. In a note added to this article Mr. Ker seems to have established that 'Allium gracile and inodorum, Bot. Mag. (fragrans of Ventenat,) are the same plant; when cultivated in the stove it is gracile, and when in the open ground the same plant becomes the inodorum,

No. 313 contains,
WYMPHEA pygmæi; first published in the Paradisus Londinensis.
MONTHLY MAG: No, 254,

ЗА PTEROSPERMYX

958 Meteorological and Agricultural Reports. May 1, PTEROSPERMUM subcrisolina DILIWYNA parrifolia ; a new spesies, of ithish un account has been before published:

RUSSELiA multijoru ; Dr. S. considers this a dex.pecies, distinct both from Jacquin's sarmentosa and the rotundifolia « Cavanilles.

TILLANDSIA stricta ; a beautiiul species, notary where before described.

WATSONIA marginita (B aninoi). Tlie margin of the leaves in this variety bear comes obsolete.

TRITONI & capensis
PeLiosintus humilis; publishıcd before in the Botanist's Repository.

Jo No. 51 t welave a beantiiul fizure of GOMPHIOLOSIUM polymorpham; the grandiflorum of Botanist's Repository, but not of Dr. Smithi.

Ixodia ach:læoile's. A singular plant, the flower of which very nearly resembles Achillea Piarmica in appearance; but the white rays are not forned by the fiorets, but by an expanded peial-like appendix 10 the outer paliæ, or, according to Mr. Brown, of the innerinost squam!æ of the calyx.

COSMEs bipinnata. A very landsome flower.

CINERARIA plusiiis. Nexican gigantic species, which Dr. Sims proposes to place in the system betwixt Cineraria tussilaginis andi pwcux.

FRITILLARIA persica ---FRITILLARII ludifolia (7) lutel.--ENCOMIS punctata (A) striata.--Helonias lata 3.-The four last are ail varieties of species before pub. lished in the Magazine.

No. 315 contains,
Siva hastata.-CLITORIA Ternata ---TALITUM reflexion.

OXYLOBIUM cordifolium. A New-Holland papilionaceous shrub, first published in the Botanist's Repository.

DILLWYNIA ericifolin. Dr. Sims seems to have hesitated whether be ought to consider this as the ericifoliu or ferilnınd:. In our opinion lie has, at last, decided wrong; we have little doubt but that the figure here given as the cricifoliu belongs in reality to joribunda.

CURCUMA Zedoaril. This is not supposed to be the plant that produces the Ziem doarv of the shops, which is moie probably the product of Curcuma Zerumbit,

PITCAIRNIA angustifoliu.
We must defer the farther account of this publication till another month.

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METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. Observations on the State of the trailher, from the 24th of March to the 20th of

April, 1814, inclusive, l'our Miles N.N. IV. of St. Paul's.

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Barometer.

Thermometer.
Highest 20.9. April 3 and ?. Wind East. Highest 69'. April 13. Wind East.
Lowest 20:0.

17.
S.E. Lowest 3). lar. 26.

South,
On the 1st, the

On the 12th instant, Greatest ), 58-hun merci! iras at

Greatest

the mercury was at 45 variation in dreilths of 29.7, and on the

variation in

in the morning before 24 hours, an inch. next viay, it was 2-1 hours,

sun-rise', and on the no lugher than

next day, at the same 29:12.

time, it stood at 54°: The qnantity of rain fallen since the last report is equal to nearly 24 inches in depth.

The mean height of the barometer for the month equal to 29.465, and that of the thermometer is egnal to 50%. Notwithstanding the unfavorable appearance of the spring when our last report was drawn up, ite may nou add that the country never put on a more flattering aspect than at the present monient, and there is every prospect of its being a good fruit year. The mildness of the weather, and the favorable rains have done much to revive the hopes of those who depend on the fruits of the earth, eitlier for subsistence, or the gratification of their pleasures. The wind has been variable, but chiefly from the easterly points. Of the twenty-seven days, seventeen have been very brilliant.

A remarkable appearance of Aurora Borealis was seen in London on the evening of Sunday the 17th.

MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT:

THE seed business universally in a greater state of forwardness than could have been

expecte:l, and, in a short time, will be aicst successfully finished. The dry weather which succeeded the frost, and the subsequent genial rains, have been equally favorable to culture and to vegetation. The prospect upon the land is glorious. Wiseats, from

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their appearance, promise a great crop; and, upon lanıls and cold clays, where they have suffered in plant, it does not thence follow that they may be less productive, there being, in all probability, full as many plants left, as such land is calculated to secd to a profitable maturity. The spring crops above ground, are yet too backward to afford any solid rule of judgment, but winter tares and rape are probably among the most indifferent crops of the season. The present stormy weather is extremely favorable to the grass crops. The last season was one of the most universal plenty, and the stock of bread corn on hand is great indeed. The same in Ireland, France, and most parts of Europe. Cattle and meat markets declining in price.

Smithfield: Beef 5s. 4d. to 6s. 3d. --Mutton 5s, 31. to 6s. 8d.--Veal 6s. to 8s. 60.Lamb 15d. to 1711.Pork os. to 8s.-- Bacon 8s. 80.-- Irish ditto 7s. 4d.--Fat 6s. od.--Skins 30s. to 70s.--Potatoes 31. to 51.--Cake 161. 16s. to 181, 18s.

Corn Exchange: Wheat 50s. 10 725.--Barley 335. to 115.-Oats 16s. to 325.- The quartern loaf 119(1.-Hay 31. to 51. 105.-Clover ditto -11. tv 71.--Straw 1l. 135. to 21. Gs.

Middlesex, April 21, 1814.

REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS.

12s.

4s.

Sacred Harmony, a Selection of Hymns; set and worthy of himself. The parts, sepa.

to Music, with a Thorough-bass for the rately considered, are flowing and meloOrgan, by John Burkitt.

dious, the points well sustained, and the W VE find in this collection of sacred general construction of that masterly cast music near titry pieces; some of

to well support the reputation of Mi. which are for a single voice, some for II. as a sound and ingenious musician. two voices, and others for three. We New Musical Game, to facilitate the Knmvhave always professed ourselves friends

ledge of the Time Table ; by T. Howell, of compositions of this kind, because

of Bristol. they extend the activity of a science that

We consider this contrivance for the in our opinion is, when applied to proper purpose of teaching the Time Table, as subjects and purposes, as useful as pleas- very ingenious. The author effects his ing. A Sunday evening cannot, perhaps, be better employed than in music of the purpose by means of cards; some of

which contain certain questions which description of that before us; a more ra

are answered by the contents of other tional relaxation of the mind, after the cards. The roles of this game are few devotion proper to the day, cann't be and simple. The cards bearing the ques. conceived than that of a vocal concert on

tions being separated from those represubjects connected with our future and senting the answers, each player draws a eternal welfare. On this ground, as well

card from the former, and that of the as for their general merit, which certainly, longest duration in Time, Notes, or Rests, entitles them to our“ honourable report," entitles the drawer to deal tie answers we highly approve of Mr. Burkill's pubi

to the rest of the party. By this method lication; the subjects are well chosen, of proceeding, together with the further the melodies applied to them are apprne procedure which is explained in the acpriate, and the basses and harmoniza companyinggelirections, the pupil acquires tions are ably constructed and arranged. in the way of amusement what usually dem Were we to point out all the superior mands considerable study and patience. hymns of this collection, we certainly

We ought to notice, that the object should not omit "

"Spring,”

." "Summer,, of a speedy and easy elucidation of the Autumn,"

,” « Winter," " Resurrection, comparative value of the notes and rests “Bethel,” « Temple," " Triumph,” “De is still further promoted by the annex:votion," and " Commencement.

tion of the Time Table, Sections of the Eleginc Ode for Five Voices. The IVords TIME TABLE, and the Manner, or Mis

written by the Rev. Thomas Brumont, thod, of showing the Measure, by chaand the Jusic composed by Il'illiun Hors

racters and numerical figures, ley, Mus. Bac. Oxon. and by them iirscribed to the Memory of their Friend, the

A furourite Duo, composed by Kozeluch ; late S. Ilarrison. Ss.

arranged for the Piano-forte, Harp, and This composition consists of two move

Flute, and inscribed to Miss Checse, of ments: the first, introductory, and in C

Dublin, by J. Muzzinghi. 58. Minor; the second, in C Major. Mr. Mr. Mazzinghi has arranged this Duo Horsley, just to the professional merits with his usual ability. The piece itself of his late friend, has evidently bestowed was worthy of his labour, and he has considerable care on the tribute due to done it justice. The three instruments kis memory. It is worthy of the object, are combined with such skill, both in

.3 A 2

respect

soo

Progress of British Legislation in 1813. [May 1, respect of science and effect, that we played much of his well-known taste and think the original author would be pleased ingenuity. The passages are conceived with the account to which his composition with facility, and preserve a connection has been turner. If the composition in its that leads the ear smoothly forward. The first form, confers honour on the genius band, in most instances, is well accomand invention of Kozeluch, in its present modated, and the effect cannot, generally shape it most favourably exhibits Mr.Mazo speaking, fail to be brilliant and striking. xinghi's taste, judgment, and contrivance. We do not, we must confess, meet with Concerto da Camera, for the Piano-forte, much originality; but, nevertheless, a

with Accompaniments for Two Violins, result bordering on novelty prevails Flute, Violi, and Violoncello. Composed through the greater part of the piece, and dedicated to Afiss Bishop, by P. A. and the lovers of good piano-forte music Corri. 7s.6d.

will derive much pleasure from Mr. Mr. Corri, in this concerto, has dis. Corri's taste and science. MONTHLY REGISTER OF THE PROGRESS OF BRITISH

LEGISLATION.

ACTS PASSED in the 54th year of the REIGN of' GEORGE THE TIIRD, or in the sea

COND SESSION of the FIFI HI PARLIAMENT of the UNITED KINGDOM. (AP. I. To enable his Majesty to

mand any value denoted thereon, either by

letters, words, figures, or marks; and every of the Militia out of the United Kingdom, for the vigorous Prosecution of liament, circulate or pass as for any no

commencement of the next session of par. the War.

minal value in money or goods any such A bounty of eight guineas given to per- token, shall for every such token so circusons making voluntary offers.

lated or passed, forfeit any sum not less The services of 3 field officers may be ac than five pounds, nor more than ten cepted with 900 men; two field officers pounds, at the discretion of such justice or with 600 men; and one with 300, &c.; and justices of the peace who shall hear and de proportion of other officers according to termine such offence; provided tliat nothe establishment.

thing in this Act contained shall extend or Officers of militia not to take any higher be construed to extend to prevent any rank than lieutenant-colonels.

person from presenting any such token for Officers, whose offers of extended service payment to the original issuer thereof, or are accepted, entitled to half pay; but not

to discharge or excuse any such original it they do not join and serve upon being issuer from his liability to pay the same. required to supply vacancies; pensions to And all persons who shall have originally widows of officers killed on service.

issued or have been concerned in the ori. Militia oficers volunteering to serve in ginal issuiug or circulation of any such the regular forces to have half pay.

tokens, and their respective executors and Number of mou taken from the militia administrators, shall be and they are hereby not to exceed 30,000.

declared to be liable in law, upon demand Cap. II. The usual Mult, Sugar, and made of the value denoted upon the tokens Tobacco Bill.

issued by sucii pe respectively, to pay Cap. III. For a Loan of 22 Mil- the same; and the amonnt of money or lions.

value denoted upon any such tokens, may Cap. IV.

To continue until Sir be recovered by the bearer or holder Weeks after the Commencement of the thereof, in any action or suit against the next Session of Parliament, an Act pass

person or persons who shall have originally ed in the last Session of l’urliament, in- issuing or circulation of such tokens, in like

issued or heen concerned in the original tituled an Act to continue and amend an Act of the present Session, to prevent missory notes payable to bearer, and issu

manner as the amount or value of any práthe issuing und circulating of Pieces of able hy law, may now be recovered, to Gold and Silver, or other Metul, usually pay off or discharge the same.-Act does called Tokens, ercept such as are issued not authorize issue of promissory notes by the Banks of England and Ireland under 20s. and does not extend to tokens of respectively.

the Bank of England or Ireland.. From and after six weeks from the com Cap. V. The usual Bill of Indemnity mencement of the next session of parlia- in regard to persons omitting to qualify ment, no piece of gold or silver, or of any themselves for offices. mixed metal, shall pass or circulate as a

Cap. VI. To stay, until the Twentoken for money, or as purporting that the tieth Day of April one thousand eight bēarer or holder thereof is entitled to de. hundred and fourteen, Proceedings in

Actions

Actions under an Act passed in the Forty- menced, or which shall be commenced, for third Year of his present Majesty, iv any penalty or forfeiture under the said amend the Laws relating to Spiritual recited Act of the forty-third year afore- . Persons.

said, previous to the twentieth day of Whereas many of the provisions of an April one thousand eight hundred and fourAct passed in the forty-third year of the tea!, to apply to the court in which such reign of his present Niajesty, intituled aii

action shall be brought, during the sitting Act to amend the Laws relating to Spiri- of such court, or to any judge of such court tual Persons holding of Farms, and for en- during vacation, for stay of proceedings ia forcing the Residence of Spiritual Persons such action; and such court, and suck on their Benefices in England, have given judge, l'espectively, are hereby required to occasion to many vexatious prosecutions; stay such proceedings accordingly, until which it is expedient to prevent the further the said twentieth day of April one thouproceeding in at present; be it therefore sand eight hundred and fourteen. enacted, that from and after the passing of Cap. VII. Relates to thc continuation this Act, it shall and may be lawful for of Drawbacks ou Sugar in freiund, till the defendant in any action already com. the 25th of March 1815.

an

STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN APRIL,

Including officiul Papers and authentic Documents. W?

E at length enjoy the satisface and with the free Constitution of the

tion of being enabled to new French government, we shall find nounce the fortunate termination of a cause to rejoice in the ultimate triumph desolating and murderous War. For of those principles of liberty, to destroy twenty-four years prejudice, corrup

which has been the unattainable

purpose tion, or arbitrary power, have vainly op- of the war-faction since the

year 1790. posed themselves to the course of know. While, on the other hand, if we compare ledge, reformation, and liberty. Such at the wild notions of Marat, Anacharsis least have been the general features of Cloots, Chabot, and the anarchists of the contest, though the motives and ob- 1793 and 4, with the rational and jects have been disguised under various efficacious stipulations of the new Connames; or have occasionally been so varied stitution, it will be seen that freedom in or complicated, that the contending inter- this last revolution has been secured withe ests have been mutual aggressors. In this out being disgraced, and that France now period perhaps six millions of human be- possesses a basis of civil and of superadings have fallen in the field of battle; as des religious liberty, superior in many MANY MORE have been the victims of fire, respects to our own glorious Constitus pestilence, shipwreck, and famine, the tion, as a recompence for the sufferings consequencesoi WAR; and AN EQUAL NUM. which have been imposed on her, as the BER have been destroyed by civil feuds, dear-bought fruit of so many bloody vice by the executioners of alternate power, tories gained by her military leaders, and by prolonged imprisonment, or by broken as some at inement for the sacrifices she hearts, arising from hopes blasted and has been compelled to make in resisting fortunes ruined !

so many implacable confederacies.* The war has however arrived at a We iherefore consider the recent are close, attended by consequences which

rangement have baffled human foresight,and produced

* To those of the present generation, who results entirely different from the expec. have arrived at maturity since the comtation of those who were the most active

mencement of these wars, and to others

who have not retained the succession of in commencing and prolonging it; thereby affording another striking lesson of the them, we may observe that the deranged fölly of placing the last stakes of life and king to call an assemblage of the notables

state of the French finances, occasioned the happiness on the uncertainty of any

or leading men of France in 1787. These man calculations.

being unable to relieve the difficulties of If we cortrast the exterminating and the state, representatives from the nobility, intolerant proclamation of the Duke of clergy, and people were assembled in 1789; Brunswick, the declaration of the British but the measures of this body not being ambassador at the Hague in 1792, and agreeable to the court, plots were formed the protestations of the misled Louis against them, which provoked an insurrecagainst the constitution of 1791, with the tion, and the Bastile was destroyed. In magnanimous declarations in favour of the September of that year a national assembly great principles of public liberty recently France. In July 1790, the king accepted the

met to organise a new constitution for made at the Altar of peace by Alexander, declaration of rights in the Champ de Murs,

je

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