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[May 1, MONTHLY REPORT OF DISEASES, In the Practice of a Physician in Westminsier; from March 25 to April 20, 1814. TUSSIS et Dyspnea
•37 Synochus Pertussis
2 Scarlatina Anginosa Asthma -..
3 Tic Douloureux Pleuritis
1 Cephalalgia Bronchitis Asthenica
3 Vertigo Catarrhus
Asthenia Phthisis Pulmonalis
3 Paralysis Scrofula
2 | Hemiplegia Hydrocephalus.
1 Hysteria Hyeirothorax
2 Amenorrlica Anasarea
3 Leucorrhea Ascites
2 | Menorhagia Irterus
8 Dyspepsia: 3 | Porrigo ·
2 Ascarides Rlizumatismus
2 Opalmia 1 Dysuria.
2 Although the severity of the weather las ceased, the present list still annonnces a great preponderance of pulmonic disease. Some of the ca es of cough were ac. companied by Anasarca, other's by spitting of blood. The case of jaundice (Icterus), was orcasioned by anxiety, and extreme grief, in a female, who had the misforturie to lose two children nearly at the same time, and when she was six months advanced in pregnancy. Poverty hy 110 means renders the mind insensible to the af. fections which so strongly link parents and their offspring. I very lately witnessed a fatal instance of this link being suddenly broken.A poor woman, who had left an aged mother sitting in her chair as well as usual, on returning home from an errand found her lifeless. The daughter, who was aged about forty-five, was immediately taken ill, and when I saw her two days afierwards appeared nearly insensible, so much so indeed that I at first t:ought she was actually dead; all muscular power was destroyed; and she lingered in this state almost a week, without being able to take sustenance, or derive the lest benefit from medicine.
Since the last report, in which I suggested some remarks-on the superiority of art' over the unassisted power of nature in the core of disease, I met with the following passage in Professor Dugald Stewart's “ Elements of the Philosophy of the Human vind,” vol. ii. 4to. just published: “The idea of following nature in the treatment of diseases ;--an idea which I believe prevails more and more in the practice of every physiciani, in proportion as his views are enlarged by science, is fonnded, not on hypothesis, but on one of the most general laws yet known with respect to the animal economy; and it implies an acknowledgment, not only of the vanity of abstract theories, but of the limited province of human art." From a long and careful induction of facts, in the writings of anciant and modern physicians, and the result of considerable personal experience of the powers and effects of remedies, I am disposed to regard the converse of the proposition to be true; and consequently to infer, that it is possible to be a philosophier without having a competent knowledge of the complicated art of n,edicine ; and to possess a copious store of metaphysical erudition without understanding the views on which a scientific physician grounds his practice. In ancient times indeed, when, it will reailily be admitted, physicians, com. pared with those of the present age, were very ignorant, the doctrine of the learned professor inight be true; in the dark a man tavours his friends by not firing his pistol; an ignorant practitioner does the least mischief in not interfering with nature. But wisdom in one age may be foliy in another. Hippocrates acted with admirable prudence in allowing certain cliseases to run their course without interruption, because at that period of time he was not acquainted with those remedies which successive improvement and discoveries in practice have developed. Sir Gilbert Blane has recently published some observations on this subject which are completely in point; and his authority will probably have more weight than any facts which I might addnce from my own experience. - In the first and third sections of the works of Hippocrates, there are forty-two cases of acute disease, in which the patients are particularized hy name, and the symptoms, progress, and termination, of their respective disorders are related with the utmost clearness, and the most exemplary candour. Of these there were thirty-seven cases of continued fever, without local affection. In the other five there was inflammation in vital parts. Of the former there died twenty-one ; of the
latter four. Among the former are included four cases of cliild-bed ferer, all of chon died; and two consequent on abortion, both of whom also died. Of the five cases of local inflammation, one was of the brain, one of the throat, one of the lungs, one of the bowels, and one of the liver. None of the subjects of these cases survived, except that of the lungs. The proportion of deaths therefore, on the whole number, was twenty-five in forty-two. In continued fever without local affertion, including the cases of child-bed and abortion, it was twenty-one in thirty-seven ; exclusive of these, it was fifteen in this ty.one; and we have seen that of local inflammations, four died out of five.
“ This statement is extremely instructive as well as curions; for it does not appear that any medical treatment was employed, except slysters and suppositories in a few, and blood-letting in one.”
Thus, in acute complaints, it should seem that about one lialf of the patients would naturally perisl iť left to themselves. The art of the plysician is most conspicuously displayed in the power which he exercises over morbid action, in checking and destroying, not in encouraging, the destructive and blind efforts of nature. Craven-street, April 22, 1814.
SAMUEL FOTHERGILL, M.D.
MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT,
of wheat imported into the several ports of Great Britain in the year 1810 was 1,387,020 quarters; of wlich 334,830 were from France, 189,160 were from Holland, and only 34,849 from America. With respect to flour, it appeared that we did not import moie ot' that article from the United Siates than we did from the countries with which we were at war. Account of the Weekly Amount of Bank Notes in Circulation in the Year 1814, dis
tinguishing the Bank Post Bills, as well as the Noles under the Value of Fire Pounds.
Between January 4 and March 25, Gold in bars was 51. Es. per oz.; Portugal coin 51. 10s. ; Silver in bars 6s. 11d.; and Dollars 6s. 11d. The Course of Exchange was, Hamburgh 24; Usances 29 ; Lisbon 7:31: and Paris, 1 day's date, 21 franks.
Mr. Edington, in his late work on the Coal 'Trade, states the opinion that the time is not distant when the long wronght mines of Newrastle will fail; and that before ihen there must be an intolerable advance in the price of coais. He says that in the course of seven years the following collieries will be exhausted :
25,000 Adair's Main
18,000 Russell's Wall's End
4.),005 Heaton Main
135,000 Newcastle chaldrons, equal to about, (London chaldrons)
Monthly Commercial Report.
[May 1, And in the space of fourteen years there will be another decrease of coals to market, riz, from
$5,000 A decrease on the best coals from Hebbron
Equal to, (London chaldrons)
164,687 And in twenty-one years, another decrease of coals to London market, viz. from Hebbron Main
15,000 Temple's Wall's End
35,000 Bewick and Cranster's ditto
35,000 Bell and Brown's ditto
40,000 Bell and Brown's Wellington
20,000 Devey's Manor Main
25,000 Killingworth Main
35,000 North Coxlodge
20,000 Ellison's Main
18,000 Russell's Main
261,000 Newcastle chaldron, equal to, (London chaldrons)
505,687 So that there will be a decrease of the leading coals to market in the first seven years of
257,687 In fourteen years, a further decrease of
164,687 In twenty-one years, a still further decrease of
505,687 Making a Total decrease in the Annual Supply of
928,061 Lo.Ch. This decrease of the best coals, in consequence of the mines becoming exhausted, is accelerated by the increase of consumption. The London bakers, who twenty years ayo used wood, now universally bake with coals ; each uses on an average fifteen chaldrons in a year, and there being about five thousand bakers in the metropolis, their anmual consumption amounts to seventy-five thousand chaldrons, of which Paddington sup. plies a considerable quantity; the remainder are from the Scotcli, Welch, and Hartley, and Blyth and Cowper's collieries.
In consequence of the great falling off in the building of ships in the port of London, and the few repairs going on, thousands of industrious individuals, connected with these establishments, have been long pining in misery and distress from the want of em: ployment. The slips for building ships are forty-one, while only one ship is now building. The repairing docks are capable of receiving sixty-two ships; and only eighteen ships are now under slight repairs !
All our reports from the out-ports and the manufacturing districts relative to the improved state and prospects of trade, as a consequence of the great political changes, are bigbly gratifying.
Prices of Merchandize, April 22.
£. s. d.
to 4 15 0 per cwt. fine
ditto. Cotton, West India, common
0 per lh. Demerara
8 ditto. Flax, Riga
o per ton. Hops, new, Pockets
0 per cwto
0 ditto, Iron, British, Bars
15 0 Pigs
( per jar.
0 per ton.
2 14 per cwt. Italian, fine
0 0 ditto. Silk, China
1 90 per lb. -, Bengal, skein
1 0 ditto. Sugar, Jamaica, brown
5 17 0
5 19 O per cwt.
6 14 0 ditto.
6 9 0 0
k. s. d. f. s. d. Sugar, East India
6 0 0 to 6 15 0 per cwt. lump, fine
8 18 () ditto. Spices, Cinnamon
0 11 0
0.16 0 per lb. Cloves
0 11 6
012 6 ditto. , Nutmegs
@ 17 0
1 0 0 ditto. ,, Pepper, black
0 1 7 ditto.
ditto. Tallow, town melted
4 19 6
0 0 0 per cwt. Russia, yellow
5 8 0
0 0 ditto, 'Tca, Bohea
0 3 2
3 -, Hyson, finc
0 7 0
0 7 2 ditto. Wine, Madeira, old
90 0 0
120 0 0 per pipe. Port, old
120 0 0 125 O 0 ditto. At Messrs. Wolfe and Co.'s Canal Office, No. 9, Change Alley, Cornhill; Comincr. aial Dock shares fetch 150l. per share.---West India ditto, 1601.--The Grand Junction CANAL shares fetch 2331. per share.--The East London WATER-WORKS, 701.-The Albion INSURANCE OFFICE shares fetch 461,- The Globe 1131.--And the Imperial 481.
The 3 per cent. cons. on the 26th were 663 ; 5 per cent. 94; omnium, 18.
& per Ib.
ALPHABETICAL List of BANKRUPTCIES and DIVIDENDS, announced between the
19th of March and the 19th of April, extracted from the London Gazettes. N. B.-- In Bankruptcies in and near London, the Attornies are to be understood to reside in
London, and in Country Bankruptcies at the Residence of the Bankrupt, except other. sise expressed. BANKRUPTCIES. [This Month 80.]
Herbert T, Seaford, butcher. (Palmer, London
Jewitt S. Taxfieet, coro factor. (Spofforth and ( The Solicitors' Names are between Parentheses.] Pierfon
I.ant E. jun, Mountnessing, Effex, farmer. (Stanley ANNESS W: Cheapkáde, watchmaker:
Lovell T. Portsmouth, rope maker. (Briggs, London Allen B. Treat Dock, Derby, victualler. (Barber
Linthorne B. and co. Wallbrook, merchants. Bendy E. Charles aquare. Hoxton, factor. (Williams
and co. Brook J. Longroyd Bridge, Huddersfield, cloth dresler.
Newman J. Hanway street, Vinen draper. (Hall (Battye
Matthews J. and W. Worcester, ironmonger. (Chilton Brices, Whitney, victualler. (Surman, London
Moxon J. Marlpit House, Pontefract. (Mitton Brown J. Weltoe, Durham, innkeeper. (Bell and Bro.
Mills w. A. Kempsey, miller, (Platt drick, London
uiter J. Bath, hatter. Young Baruett T. Portfea, mercer. (Glendining
Poole R. Macclesfield, timber merchant. (Hurd, Inner Collins T. Witney, blanket manufacturer. (Foulkes
Tempo and co.
Parratt j. Enfield, fmith. (J. Meymott Cogan T. Houndsditch, falesman. (Pope
Phillips G. Lambeth Marm, timber merchant. (Hatton Coldwell w. Shefield, merchant. (Wilson
Phillips T. Norwich, brandy merchant. (Longdill aild Dan J. Earl's Colne, Eftex, dealer. (Wilson
Butterfield Dudfield T. Southwark, bool-maker. (Bagley, Wap. Parker J. Norwich, linen draper. (Bignold and ping
Beckerteth Dowdj. Jono ftreet, Oxford Itreet, victualler. (Walker
Ryes. Engham, brewer and coal merchant. (Matthew and Rankin
Stewart J. Charlotte treet, Portland Place, wine mercbalta Ellis T. Haverfordwel, Pembroke, inercer, (Griffiths
(Allen and Gylby Freeman J, Hatton Garderin taylor. (Whi:combe and
Sherwood W. Liverpool, soap manufacturer. (Griffiths King
and Hind Firth w. Liverfidge, Yorksh.clothier. (Butler
Smith W. Hart street, corn dealer. (Parnther and German W. Topitam, corn factor. (Isaacson, Cannon
smallbone J. Basingstoke, corn factor. (Knight and Greenftreet J. Camberwell, wheelwright.
Shebbeare Son, London
Smedley W. Curton-upon-Trent, grocer. (0:borne Garrifon J. Camden Town, victualier. (Aldridge and
Todman R Wood Itreet, warehouseman. (Walton Smith
Taylor 1. Richard street, Commercial Road, coachmatter, Henry H. B. Bread street Hill, merchant. (Alliiton
(Chelter and cu.
Willitt M. Chepstow, Monmouthshire, druggift. (JefTop Karper C. and co. Snow's Fields, Southwark, emery pa.
Wallis M. Hemmingford Grey, Huntingdonshire, merchant. per manufacturer. (Sraituti and Allport, Shore.
Wild R. Craven street, Strand, taylor. (Parmore Hartley W. Langroyd, Lancaster, cotton manufacturer.
Wye C, W. London, tr.erchant. (Walton (Huxley
Wells 8. Gracechurch ireet, hosier and glaver. Hall J. Lyndhurst, Southampton, victualier. (Barney
and Farren Hopkins S, Lee Forge, Namptwich. (Ezlefon and El
Watfon S. likefton, Derby, chandler. (Allsop and wood
Wells Hall S. Great Bolton, innkeeper. (Crors and Rushton
Ward J. Banbury, grocer. (Tilbury Hays J. Lower East Smithfield, collar and harness maker.
Warrington A. Shrewsbury, bricklayer. (Griffith (Cooper and Lowe
Wilson G. S. Devereux court, Straud, mech205. (BeN Huson J. New ftreet, Bishopsgate, bricklayer. (Eyles
and Promley. Howell & Nottingham, taylor.
(Allfop and Wilks
DIVIDENDS. Afliter D. Gravesend
Bevan w. Crombie's Row, Commer. Blick J. Middlesex Abbey P. Wortley
Bowes W. Newport
Eaker T. Rochester, Kent
Collifs J. Great Portland frect
Downhead, Somerset. Cooke J. Speldhurit treet, Burtoa Anton T. Portica
Camps W. Worcester Place
Coleinan S. Maid tone Ayres w.jun. Fleet Street
Brumby T., H., and C., Gainsbo. Cleeve T. Lincoln Bevan T. Haverfordwest
Chainier T. Lincoln
lrk W. T. Holburn
Captable M, and F. Shad Thames Bland J. Fen-court
Barker J, Brickwall, Hertfordshire Champion J, Great St. Helen's Butler 0. Colchester
Brown ), and G. Croydon
Chitrenden J. Bolfover @reet Bailey 8, 221 T, Haswell Heath Blanchford De aad R DOADOR
Coilens J. and !. Loudon
Monthly Report of the Progress of Chemistry. [May 1,
Coates J. M. Darlington
W. J. Holwell,
Hiflop A. and co. Bow Lane
Moore T. Worthing
REPORT OF THE PROGRESS OF CHEMISTRY.
R. ALEXANDER GARDEN, of Old Compton Street, Soho, las published the
following process for obtaining lode: 1. To a concentrated watery solution of kelp (or the waste ley of the soap-maker where keip has been employed) from which the greater part of the crystallizable salts have bern separated by the usual processes of evaporation and crystallization, le adds red oxide of lead in the proportion of one ounce to about a pint of the former; boils the mixture over a slow fire to dryness, and increases the heat towards the end of the solution so as to carbonize any animal or vegetalle matter which the substance may contain. This last may most conveniently be performed in an iron ladle.
2. He digests the dried mass in a quantity of cold water sufficient to extract the greatest portion of the soluble matter, and filters and evaporates the clear liquid to the consistence of a syrup.
3. He introduces the liquid obtained in the last process, together with the salipe matter which may have separated during the evaporation, into a glass mattrass, and pours thereon about twice its hulk of alcohol; digests with a gentle heat for a few minutes, and then suffers the vessel with its contents to grow colu.
4. He decants the clear a coholic solution into a tubulated retort, adapts a receiver, and by means of a gentle auri gradnally applied heat distils off the alcohol. The saline matter which remains in the retort is to be washed out and evaporated to dryness in a capsule of Wedgwood's ware.
5. He introduces the dry salt thus obtained into a mattrass with a short neck, to which, a glass tube, about six or eight inches long, and sufficiently large to fit over the external diameter of the neck, has been luted, and pours over the salt, by means of a long-necked funnel, twice its weight of strong sulphuric acid. He heats the mixture gradnally by a spirit or Argand's lamp, and the iode will immerliately begin to rise in the form of a dense and beautiful violet-colored gas, which will be condensed in the upper part of the vessel in black shining crystals; when the gas ceases to be disengaged the mattrass should be allowed to cool: the ivde may then be washed out with water, dried on white filtering paper at a temperature not exceeding 100® of Falirenheit, and inclosed in a bottle acců. rately fitted with a glass stopper.
Mr. ACCUM has also published another process of obtaining Iode. He says it is to be found in abundance in the waste or spent lee of those soap manufacturers who employ kelp in the preparation of soap. To obtain the iode from the waste lee, let it be boiled for a few minutes with quicklime; strain the fluid and mingle it with sulphuric acid in excess. This being done, evaporate the liquor to a syrupy consistence, and then distil, or heat it, in a fask or të tort with red oxyd of lead and sulphuric acid. The iode wil