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heen improved upon by Mr. SINGER, the In justice to true science, and the il. Electrician, and continued motions on lustrious name of Dr. HERSCHEL, we this principle, though of small power, are think it proper to state that all conneco now to be met with in the houses of ma tions of his name with Weather Guides, ny curious persons.

or Weather Prognostics, are frauds on The second volume of Mr. PLAYFAIR' the public, and merit utter contempt. Outlines of Natural Philosophy is in At the sale of the lare Rev. Sam, Pal. great forwardness.

mer's library, of Hackney, the pulpit It is intended to reprint in one volwine, bible of John Bunyan was purchased by Dr. Tyrwhitt's Dissertation on Babriun, Mr. Whitbread for twenty guineas. his edition of Pseudarnliepas, Topi albwy,

Dr. THOMAS YOUNG states the mean bis Terior CE":

S...;0), temperature of the six winter months, or 2013 aprile 2013

frein October to March
London...

43.5 132 byt a time. Edinburgh

40.4 for 4.1.2 :!?! Da, i

Dawlish

45.) & plain ! ich aucii!s paroles are

Ilfracombe title of 1.5 en Miciipor

Paris.. Man's Fireside Curious

Lisbon

55.6

Malta chicay of extracis tigral curso

Madeira

63 taining publications, in prose and verse,

Bermudas

68 and seems to be well calculated to produce

Jamaica

74.5 its professed effect among the class of

From November to March. persons to whom it is addressed.

London...

42.6 It is in contemplation to reprint in this Penzance

48.2 Bountry the whole of the Latin Classics,

From January to March. from the editions in usum Delphini.

London...

S7.9 Mr. ALÉXANDER WALKER has in the Glasgow..

.. 40.3 (Jan. 33.1) press, a critical analysis of Lord Bacon's Penzance 48.5 (Jan, 46.7 (Dec. 43.7°) Philosophy; preceded by a historical

Sidinouth

41.7 (Jan. 42,3) sketch of the progress of science from

February and March.
London.

41.5 the fall of the Roman empire till the

Clifton

42.5 time of Bacon, a biographical account

From October to December. of that philosopher, a critical view of

London..

47.0* his writings in general, and a delinea.,

Sidmouth

45.7 tion of their influence over philosophy, From December to February. to the present tiines.

London...

39.7* The same gentleman is also printing Edinburgh

36.7 Outlines of a Natural System of Universal Paris

36.8 Science; preceded by a preliminary It appears from this comparison, tiat discourse exhibiting it view of the na none of the situations here enumerated, tural system, and followed by refuta. north of Lisbon, except Penzance, has tions of all the prevalent hypotheses in any material advantage over London in philosophy, in 3 vols. 8vo, with plates. the mileness of its winter. The best

He is also printing luis long prouried parts of Devonshe seem to be about a work on the Natural Systein of the flis. degree and a half warner. Penzance (ory, Anatomy, Physiology, and Patho-may be considered as having a temperalogy of Man; adapted co the Use of Pro- cure 41° higher than London in the fessional Studenis, General Readers, coldest mortis. It is remarkable, that Amateurs, and Artists. It will be illise the temperature of the three coldest Erated by numerous plates and snoptic months is the same at Paris as at Edintables, and extend to four volumes in oe burglı, being, in both these cities, about tavo, and one of folio plates. The three three dayrees lower than in London, works above named will form one system Malta and Madeira present, numerically, matic series. The first is meant to enun. mean temperature for the winter ciate the great principles of modern sci. months, as favorable for an invalid as ence; the second, to combine its scattered can possibly be desired. facis under one theory, and to reduce The thawing of snow round trees and them to one original, simple, and ima vegetables, has been cpnsidered as a proof pressive system; and the third, to de that they give out hear; but the same apo tail those particular portions of science pearance takes place whatever the sube which the Author decme the most inte stance may be around which the snow bas Testing

fallen. When a thaw comniences, all

the

Literary and Philosophical Intelligence. [May 1, the surfaces of the snow absorb caloric In the course of the present month in the same proportion, or nearly so; will be published, Essays, moral and and consequently an uniform retreat of entertaining; on the various Faculties the whole depth of snow will take place, and Passions of the Human Mind, by and a bare piece of ground will be seen EDWARD EARL of CLARENDON. around the substance, of whatever kind The Rev. Leigh RICHMOND is about it may be, whether vegetables or stones, to publisti Annals of the Poor: containe in the form of a rude circle.

ing the Dairy.man's Daughter, with conA question was lately decided in the Sirierable additions; the Neyroe Servant; Court of King’s Bench calculated to check and the Young Cottager. a prolific source of newspaper corruption. Mr. J. G. DALYELL has in the press, Baron KILLULFT brought an

action observations on some interesting phao against the proprietor of the Traveller, nomena in Animal Physiology, exhibited for misrepresenting what passed regard. by various species of Planariæ, and iling him in some law proceedings. In his lustrated by coloured figures of living observations to the jury Lord Ellenbo. animals. rough stated, that in courts of law coun. The Rev. W. Gunn is printing, an sel were often obliged, in order to for- inquiry into the Origin and Influence of ward the ends of justice, to make obser. Gothic Architecture, illustrated by envations which bore hard on the charac gravings. ters of individuals; but it was a very dil. Dr. J. P. SMITH will soon publish, a ferent case for persons to publish such Manual of Latin Grainmar; with preobservations to the world merely for the fatory advice to solitary students on ihe sinusement of their readers, and their best method of self-improvement. own profit. A verdict was in conse Mr. C. BBOUCITON, of Edinburgh, quence given in favour of the plaintiff, has in the press, a Synthesis and Ana. wich 201. damages.

lysis of the First Ten Powers of Num, No less than NINETY-FOUR periodical bers, forming the introduction to a new works issue at this time from the London theory of numbers. press, of which only NINE are senior to The Rev. Sir H. M. WELWOOD, bart, the MONTHLY MAGAZINE, and no more will speedily publish Discourses on the than 3 or 4, and these of a religious nature, Evidences of Christianity, conuected are superior to it in circulation. Of the with some of its practical results. 85, above twenty have grown up out of The Rev. WILLIAM POTTER announces the several departments of the Monthly a volume of Essays, illustrative of the Magazine, or are scions from its stock. Principles, Dispositions, and Manners

The fourth number of DANIELL's Voy- of Mankind, pourtraying the horrors of age round Great Britain, containing human depravity, and the beauties of Views of Ilfracombe, on the Coast of genuine religion, North Devon, and from Lifracoinbe to Count O'Neil is printing a Narrative Hilsborough, will appear on the 2d of of his Incarceration, and of the Massacre May.

of his family in France during the period Mr. Dyer's History of the University of the Revolution; and of his Second Im. and Colleges of Cambridge; including prisonment as a Prisoner of War, notices of the Founders and Eininent A work, to be completed in nine Men; embellis ed with thirty-two en. monthly parts, will appear on the 1st of gravings, in two volumes, royal octavo May, entitled, British Pulpit Eloquence, and quarto), will be published early in a selection of sermons, in chronological the month,

order, from the works of the most emi: A new edition of Dr. Hutton's Re nent divines of Great Britain, during the creations in Mathematics and Natural 17th and 18th ceniuries, with biographiPhilosophy, in four volumes 8vo. with cal and critical notices. nearly 100 copper plates, will be pub. Mr. W. HAYGARTH is printing a poem lished in May.

in three parts, descriptive of Greece. The Illustrations of Northern Antiquities, first part comprises the Northern parts of froin the earlier Teutonic and Scandi- Greece; the second, Athens; and the navian Romances; being an abstract of third, the Peloponnesus. Notes and clas the Book of Heroes, and Nivelungen sical illustrations will accompany each of Lay; with translations of Metrical Tales, the parts, with eigbt engravings from from the old Germaii, Danish, Swedish, sketches made on the spot. and Icelandic languages, with notes and The Rape of Proserpine, with other dissertations; will be published in a few poems from Claudian, have been transdays in oue volume, royal quartos lated into Englişh verse, with notes, and

a prefatosy

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a presatory discourse, by Mr. JACOB sometimes acute, sometimes obtuse. We GEO. STRUTT. It has been the chief ob. find this texture in the sheaths of the ject to introduce the English reader to leaves, in the bracteæ, the całyces, &c.

6. Hazel-tree Tuxture ; the cellules not the peculiar beauty and richness of Claudian's Muse.

spherical, cylindrical, or prismatic; but

rather an oval or obling form. This texMr.J. F. Gyles, of Bath, is preparing

ture is common in the internal bark of the for publication the Elements of llebrew hazel-free, and particularly between the Grammar.

fibrous vessels beside tlie tracheæ.. Mr. R. WINTER announces a History

-These six varieties of the cellular texof Whitby, the Abbey of Streonshalh, and ture adinit of several shades, and we Mulgrave Castle, Yorkshire, containing an frequently find intermediate forms which account of the antiquities, mineralogy, appear tri be two varieties at once. We botany, biography, and other local parti. might add a seventh variety, the compact culars, comprehended within the limits texture, which is found in some mushof twenty-five miles round Whitby, in

roums, lichens, &c. not clearly devecluding an excellent map of the district, loped, or su fine that its structure cannot a view of the town and abbey, and eve be distinguished. The cellular texture ral vignettes.

consists of small membranous vesicles, Proposals have been circulated for being the primordial substance of vegepublishing by subscription, in 20 monthly tables, and of all organized bodies. The numbers, forming two volumes, the Hin- cellulár texture is like the froth of comtory of the University of Cainbridge, il

mon soap; but the froth of soap iş lustrated by eighty highly finished and composed of bubbles of air, separated coloured engravings, fac-similes of draw- originally froin each other, so that each ings, representing exterior and interior bubble is formed as it were of a distince views of the colleges, halls, public build- membrane, and it is only by meeting ings, and costume, as well as of the more

that these partitions are confounded. striking parts of the town.

Frequently, the isolated bubbles rise to Mr. Wood, author of the very elegant the surface of the froth, as is the case work on Zoography, is engaged in the with cellules isolated in the cavities of publication of a General Conchology, the peduncle, the receptacle of the which is to appear in monthly numbers. flowers, and of the fruit. Mr. Link is

Mr. John Wm. Smith is printing the of opinion that the cellules bave had first book of a poem, called, The Horrors the same origin with the bubbles alluded of Imagination, with specimens from

to; that a gas has been developed in a oiber books of the same poem.

viscous fluid, and has reduced it into

small vesicles, which have approached Mr.LINK; in some late researches into each other. As the vesicles of the the anatomy of plants, distinguishes the cellular texture have a mure regular cellular texture into several varieties, in arrangement than the soap bubbles, a the following manner :

peculiar attraction necessary to the in-. 1. Alveolary Texture; consisting of short

crease of the vegetable, must have forced cylindrical or prismatic cellules: it is very them into this arrangement! The celo common, particularly in the pith, external luie increases with ilie whole plant. bark, &c.

2. Elongated Texture ; the cellules lon- is astonishing that a cellule surrounded ger and narrower. Found in the stamina, with wood should extend, notwithstanda the pistils, and in some other elongated ing the obstacle thus presented to it. parts.

Every organized body is developed, and 3. Globular Texture; composed of sphe- increases by a very powerful force, and rical or almost spherical cellules : it fills the plant in developing itself breaks a the interior of the leaves, of the peduncles, very strong thread tied firmly round it. of the receptacle, &c.

Every cellule is a separate organ, des4. Vesicular Texture ; composed like the tined to preserve and prepare the sap, foregoing of spherical cellules; but these to furnish it to other parts. The supercelinles are more detached from each other, Quity penetrates into the meatus inter. and frequentlydispersed : common in mush- cellulares, and resembles animal fat a rooms, and several kinds of ugariei, pezize, little. The green matter which colours and phallus, are entirely made up of ve

the plant is always in the cellules. It sicles.

5. Irregular Texture; in which the sides resists the action of water, but it is diste do not form the same angle with the base: solved in alcohol: this solution is not sometimes this angle is a straight angle, precipitated by water like that of the MONTHLY Mac, No. 254.

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resias,

GERMANY.

3

PRUSSIA.

$50 Literary and Philosophical Intelligence. [May 1, resins. All the colouring matter of the with the igniting principle or heat, proleaves, the flowers, and the fruits, is duce carbonic acid and inflammable bycontained in the cellules, as well as the drogen gas. The gas is conducted into acid, sweet, astringent, or saline juices. water, to cleanse it; after which it is

collected in a large reservoir, where it is In the ancient library lately disco- ready for use. A cubic cord of wood, vered at Glogau in Silesia, there have equal to 2,133 French metres, reduced to been found many Latin translations from charcoal by the process above described, Greek writers, which are of a much ear. produces 255 pounds, Paris weight, of lier date than any at present known. the best charcoal; 70 buckets of acid of From the information with which we 20 pouds, produce 30 pounds, poids de have been favoured by Professor Schneie marc, of tar. After the acid is properly der, it appears

that aniong them are se purified, there remain 50 buckets of veral manuscript copies of versions usu- good vinegar. This account proves some ally attributed to scholars who lived at of the advantages resulting from this methe period of the revival of literature, thod of reducing wood to charcoal; and but which were written before the time if we add, that from a single cubic cord of their reputed authors; and some of 50,000 cubic feet of gas can be extracted, which turn out to be the productions of and that this quantity is sufficient to feed the third and fourth century. Amongst 4000 lamps for five hours, the result will them is a complete translation of Galen, appear beyond all belief. executed about that age : parts of which In England the Gas Lights produced have been published by Matthiæ as frag- from coals by Mr. Winsor's process, have ments of Latio medical writers. From afforded one of the greatest improvements 'the documents contained in this most in the arts of life that has been made in curious collection, it is the intention of our time. Professor Schneider to draw up an ac The bones of an unknown animal were count of the state of literature in the lately found in a peat moss in Russia. middle ages; in which he will expose" This creature must have been about many plagiarisms and frauds of learned twelve feet long. The horns were two feet persons, who have hitherto enjoyed repu. and a half long, and one foot and a half tation for industry and research.

round at the root. From the appearance RUSSIA.

of this imperfect skeleton, it seems to Considerable improvements have been have belonged to the Urus or Aurochs, made in Gas Lights, by Messrs. So- mentioned by Cæsar in his account of BOLEWSKY and Horrer, at Petersburgh. Germauy. And it is thought that the The object of the authors was to see what real Urus may still be occasionally seen kind of light could be produced by the in the mountains of Siberia. combustion of wood in closed vessels, and by reducing it to charcoal. The The extensive works going on greatest difficulty consists in getting rid Corfu, by order of the French governof the vapour that exhales from the gas, ment, have led to the discovery of vaand in giving brilliancy and purity to the rious interesting articles. It had been flame; for in all the trials made in Russia, long since known that an ancient city and in other countries, the flame has al was situated in that part of the island ways been feeble and blueish, but little which extends between one of its old luminous, and accompanied by a mephia harbours and the sea, at the foot of the tic exhalation. After many satisfactory small hill, St. Pantaleon.

The reattemps, Messrs. Sobolewsky and Horrer mains oi ancient aqueducts, the great have at length completely succeeded, and quantity of ruins, inscriptions, and ancan be certain of producing light by the cient columns, along the sea.coast to the gas, which will be very bright, without any point of Aperama, far from the position sensible odour or fuliginous exhalation. of Paleapolis, induce a belief that the By an extreme external heat the pure city extended that length. At three wood is decomposed, and becomes char- different points within the inclosure of coal; and its other constituent parts, such the ancient city, there are renains of a as the acid, the hydrogen, and the car stone aqueduct. This aqueduct was, in bon, are disengaged, and form, from the the lower parts, sustained by arcades, & commencement of the operation, empy- great part of which we still see at the reumatic oil and acid, that is to say tar. level of the ground to an extent of 7 or Afterwards, in proportion as the heat 800 metres. These monuments prove, augments, these substances, combining that what the ancients have told us of

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GREECE.

ΕΠΙΑΠΟΛΛΩ

ΦΙΛΩ.

ΝΙΔΑ EΠIΦΙΛΩΝΙΔΑ.

the magnificence of the works of this bricks. Almost all these fragments are city is not exaggerated. As to the of the same form: their colour is genewaters, Homer informs us that there rally yellowish, although some are redwere two fountains constantly spouting dish. The form of the letters is more or water, one of which watered the gardens less regular; the ordinary dialect is the of Alcinous, and the other fowed through Doric. Several decrees of the senate of canals under the windows of the palace, Corcyra, engraved in brass, and which forming afterwards a large basin for the are still preserved, are drawn up in the use of the citizens. Fragments of co same dialect. Some inscriptions contain lumns and several capitals of the Doric the names of magistrates, and of other erder have been found, and particularly dignitaries, and the different districts of some shafts of finely fluted' columns. the island; discoveries which have been One of these shafts is 1 inetre 10 centi. highly useful in. elucidating the ancient metres in diameter, another 87 centie topography. The proper name is always metres: some elegant sınall heads have preceded by the preposition e'lll: which also been found, a statue of a female announces the title of the Pritamus or with very elegant drapery, and several Archontas. We read on one for examother figures in marble: a leaden bow ple EIIIA AKAIOY : on another ETIBOIEK. very well preserved, and two weights of This name might have been that of the an oval form and of less diameter than son of Lycophron of Dodona, whom the an egg, with the inscription KAAIETPATOr. council of the Corcyrans admit into the These were probably the balls which number of the citizens of their country, served for the sling of some hero ainong as asserted in the decree engraved in the Corcyrans. In the same environs, brass, and preserved at Corfu hy the anat a place called Straties, there was tiquary, Victor Gangady. found an ancient bronze vase of middling ΔΟΡΟΥ. ΕΠΙ ΑΡΙΣΤΟΚΛΕΟΣ, ΑΣΑΦΡΟΔΙ ΓΑΙ. size and without handles: it contained a These three monuments are in good pre. large quantity of silver medals. The servation. The last seems to have been greater part of these medals are in ligh dedicated to Venus. The letters As are preservation; they are of Byrrhachium, wanting to complete the name. an ancient Corcyran colony, now called

In the museums Durazzo, a city on the shores of Epirus. of individuals at Corfu, we find a medal These medals bear the usual emblem of in brass exhibiting a head with a long a cow suckling a calf, and on the exero beard, and crowned with laurel. In the gue what archäologists regard as the exergue there is a ship with the word gardens of Alcinvür, with the epigraph KOPKYPAINN PLASNIAA.

A still more arp and the club. The only difference interesting monument is the following: which we have to reinark is, that the

It is the name of a mountain cow is turned to the left, instead of being celebrated in the history of Corcyra. to the right, as upon all the medals of Thucydides informs us, that upon this this colony. Ainong these medals, some mountain 500 Corcyrans saved themhave been found belonging to Corinth selves, having escaped from a massacre and Siphnos,, with the Spliynx, and be occasioned by a civil commotion. This longing to Corcyra with the diota to the mountain still preserves its name. Anright and the star in the exergue: other other not less important is the following: Corcyran medals of third rate size, bave DAAAKPOT. Strabo thus denominates a on one side young Bacchus crowned promontory of Corcyra, which was prowith ivy, on the other a winged Pegasus, bably barren and devoid of trees. Bea laurel on his head, and at his hind feet sides the above inscription, are cups, the prow of a ship with the monograins urns, lamps, small statues, idols, bass A.K, K.: others have the inscription reliets, heads of nymphs, &c. The sub ΦΑΛΑΚΡΟΥ and ΦΙΛΩΝΙΔΑΣ: others the stance of these monuments, is partly a name of Demetrius, king of Macedon. pale yellow without varnish, and some. At the same spot where the vase was times a deep yellow with varnish. The found, bronze nails were seen with large style is various, and seems to indicate heads, and a small golden calf. The that there were various schools of art in monuinents which have been discovered the island. in greatest quantity, are inscriptions on

N. B. We purpose in future to pluce our MONTHLY REPORTS before the London and Country News, as being in more immediate connection with analogous articles, and more commensurate with their value and interest.

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MONTHLY

ΙΣΤΟΝΗΣ.

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