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But where is the Catholic wha would tish gavernment respecting the Catholics now hesitate to express his detestation of litland, saying, it was the most detes. of this nefarious deed, which was pro, table mode of persecution.” "Without hably viewed at the time by a great justice to the Catholics,” says the late majority of mankind with secret horror? Bishop Law, "there can be no security It is related, that when the martyr Huss for the Protestant establishment.” “Qur was delivered into the hands of the Constitution,” says Mr. Burke, in a pase council, he fixed lis eyes steadily upon sage directly referring to the case of the the Emperor; who, conscious of the in- Catholics, and for its excellence often famy he was about to incur, was observed quoted, “is not made for great, general, to blush.

A century after this, bis sic and proscriptive exclusions : sooner or cessor in the empire Charles V. being later it will, and must destroy them, or importuned by Eccius and other savage they will destroy the Constitution." bigots to violate the safe conduct granted The present Bishop of Landaff, in a by him to Luther, to attend the diet at visitatorial charge, has expressed, in Worms, nobly replied, " I will not blush energetic language, his approbation of with my predecessor Sigismond.

the great measure of Catholic emancia In opposition to the calumnies of ma- pation. “A measure calculated,” says lice and ignorance, it is gratifying to that venerable prelate," above all others, collect some of the testimonies in favour to support the independence of the of the Catholics, offered by persons emi- country, to secure the stability of the nent for their talents and virtues in the throne, to promote peace among fellow protestant communion. At an early subjects, and charity among fellow Chrisperiod of the last century, Archbishop tians." Dr. Bathurst, bishop of NorWake hesitated not, in his correspondence wich, in reply to the grateful and pathewith M. Dupin, to express his esteem for tic address of the Catholics, presented to Christians of the Catholic communion in him in Dublin, thus eloquently avows very cordial terms; acknowledging that, his sentiments:“ I consider your cause as in the doctrine of the church of Rome, the cause of civil and religious liberty, as explained by M. Dupin, who was not neither of which can be said to exist in indeed considered as in all points per- perfection in any country where thoufectly orthodox, there was no essential sands of individuals are excluded, on acdifference of opinion between them. To count of their religion, from those offices use the learned prelate's own words, "In of honour or emolument, an equal eligi, dogmatibus prout à te candidè proponu?- bility to which I have been always taught tur, non admodum dissentimus : in regia to consider, and shall never cease to conmine ecclesiastica minus ; in fundamenta. sider, as ranking among the common rights libus seu doctrinam, seu disciplinam spec. of loyal and dutiful subjects, under whate tes, vix omnino." It has indeed been frem ever denomination of Christians they quently and justly observert, that all de may com?, provided they give to the ci. nominations of Christians agree in mat. vil government under which they live aix ters of infinitely more consequence than adequate security for their conduct as cie those in which they differ; and none of vil subjects. And who, gentlemen, will those differences assuredly are so great presume to say that you have not done as to be incompatible with that genuine this, wlio nas read the declaration made unity of Chrietians, which, as an iilus, ty so many honest men, and the oath trious ornament of the Anglican church, taken by so many conscientious Chrise Dr. Clarke, has remarked, “ does not tians ?" consist in the unity of faith in the bond His Royal Highness the Duke of Susof ignorance, or in the unity of profes- sex, in his speech on the Catholic quession in the bond of persecution, but in tien, April 1812, observed, " that the the unity of the spirit in the bond of state had no right to exercise its authopeace.”

rity over the private opinions of indivi“ I think," says the celebrated Dr. S. duals, but merely to notice those acts Johnson, “all Christians, whether Pae which may endanger and disturb the repists or Protestants, agree in the essen- gularity and good order of the commutial articles." And again, "all deno. nity. We have always the means of minations of Christians have really little creating preventive laws, but legisladifference in point of doctrine, though tors had better direct their tests against they may differ widely in their external the political principles which they wish forms." He severely reprobated “the to exclude, than to encounter them barbarous debilitating policy of the Brie through the medium of religious tenets,

Political

503

Remarks on Catholic Emancipation. [May 1, Political disabilities, founded on a diffe- the perversely wilful opposer of the faith, rence of opinion in matters of religious as received by the Roman Catholic belief, are ready instruments in the hands church, who in the judgment of that of the tactinus and disaffected. And such church is guilty of heresy. If the convicinvidious and unjust distinctions must tion of the mind sincerely resists the exever, more or less, keep up animosities position of the principles of Roman condestructive of social happiness and social munion after a candid search for truth, peace. It is therefore just, expedient, where that resistance is involuntary, no and necessary, to remove them.” Such well-informed Catholic will pronounce sentiments as these aud dignity to the against him the formidable sentence of highest rank, and equally adorn the prince eternal exclusion from salvation. Inand the patriot,

voluntary error is not exclusive, and the If then the religion of the Catholics is church has its concealed children in the no bar to their loyalty, with what colour sects separate from its unity.” This truly of reason can it be made the pretext for Christian principle he happily corrobodivesting them of the rights which apper rates by the following passage from the tain to faithful subjects? Are the disa great St. Augustine: “If they who hold bilities to which they are liable heavy an opinion in itself false and perverse, and oppressive? Then is ihe government maintain it with no pertinacious obstiwhich imposes them chargeable with ila nacy; if they have not been misled by grant injustice. Are those disabilities, on their own presumptuous audacity, but the other band, as some affect to style have received their error from seduced them, slight and trivial? It is plain that or lapsed parents ; If ibiey be serious and in proportion to the decrease of the injus- diligent enquirers after trutli, and mani. tice is the increase of the folly. On each fest a disposition to yield to it when found side of the dileinma the policy is deplo. by them, such persons are on no accouns rable, and the mischief incalcolable. to be set dowir as heretics." As to the

These positions appear so evident, that, latter part of ihe charge, is intolerance. uninstructed by experience, it might well the characteristic of the Catholic religion be imagined they could meet with no op- only? Where is the protestant church position. But alas! the plainest truths free from the stain of this guilt? But iumost need to be enforced; and so weak tolerance was the vice not of the Cathois the impression usually made by the lic or protestant religion as such, but of strongest arguments, that one is tempted the dark and direful ages that are past, to say with diontesquieu, “ Lorsqu'il s'u. Were not Luther, Cranmer, and Calvin, git de prouver des choses claires, on est sur persecutors as well as Gardiner and Bonde ne pas convaincre !"

per? Erasmus was perhaps the only man Prejudice is in league with prejudice, of those times exempt from the taint of and the resources of error are inexhaustis intolerance. The doctrine of universal ble. “Shall we rashly remove all re coleration is the just boast of modern sastraints," it is said, “o from the professors gacity, and the Catholics have as much of a religion of uncharitableness, which right to glory in their Sarpis, their Feconsigns all who are out of the pale of nelons, and Courayers, as the protesthe Catholic church to everlasting mise. tants in their Lockes, their Hoadleys, ry?--of a religion of persecution, which and their Jortins. still mourns over its extinguished fires Undoubtedly this great and noble prinand broken wheel? To tolerate popery, ciple has of late years made a rapid and as we are solemnly warned, is to tolerate accelerated progress. Many have been intolerance."

the friends gained to the Catholic cause, But may not the Catholics retort the and not one of them perhaps has been accusation? Do we not in one of our again lost. In one possible case only national creeds, publicly and frequently can any diminution of the number be aprehearsed, exclude from salvation all who prehended. Should the Catholics, from dare in deviate from its scholastic and ihe irritation of temporary disappointincomprehensible dogmas? But the en. ment, fail in that profound respect with lightened in both coinmunions well know which the legislature ought to be apwith what latitude such denunciations proached, and especially on a question of ought to be understood. In a tract re such magnitude as the present;or, to cently circulated under the sanction of put the case still more strongly and inn. the Irish Catholic prelacy, entitled, probably, should they assume in their “Charity and Truth,” it is tavght, and future deportment the most distant semthe writer cites the first authorities in blance of a menacing aspect, few indeed confirmation of his doctrine, “that it is there are among their protestant adve.

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eates who would not recognize the pro- this magnificent country, including its priety of suspending all consideration of mountains, cataracts, Cader Idris, Snow the subject. Certainly the Catholics don, Carmarthen, Bangor, &c. may be could afford no deeper cause of chagrin seen without burry or fatigue, and that to their best friends, and no higher gratifi- the most extensive tour usually performed cation to their worst enemies, than suci by travellers may be accomplished at no indiscrétion would afford. It is for greater expence of time than eight days, them to hold the undeviating and unruf- counting from Ludlow or Shrewsbury, fed tenor of their way, in the cheering (the two points from which the traveller prospect of ultimate success. In relation usually starts) or ten days counting from to this subject, over the minds of many London. estimable persons liangs a cloud obscuring The mail arrives at Ludlow from Lona the divine radiance of truth. But the don in 24 hours exactly; and from this inist is dispersing, and “the morning place, you provide yourself with an steals upon the night, melting the dark horse or post chaise, no public carriage

Nor on a subject of such para- travelling northward farther than Ludmount importance can the legislative low. sanction be expected, or ought it to be

First Day. desired, without a careful, and even it L. to Bishop's Castle. 20 may be said a jealous previons investiga

Montgomery

9 tion, and every revival of the discussion Welsh Pool

7 must be more or less beneficial to the Llanfair , cause.

Can Office

8 In the joyful anticipation, nevertheless, that the wisdom and beneficence of go.

In all

51 post miles. vernment will ultimately decide in favoor Rain scarcely ceased till we reached of this measure, we may confidently hope Montgomery, that the root of bitterness will not be sufa Town wretched-situation of the small fered to remain; but that the same mag. remains of its castle picturesque--weananimity which confers the boon of nati ther clear-beautiful ride to Welsh Foot onal freedom will refrain from annexing

- l'ine cliff at the extremity of the Sreya to it conditions which would impair, be- thyn hills-Rodney's Pillar, on its suma yond all calculation, the efficacy, the mit, at de extremity of an abrupt mouna grace, and the grandeur of this imperial tain to lie right, in a country not yet concession,

hilly.

Welsh Prol respectable: full of good To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. sheps--all the three last, places stations

for French prisoners-red turrets of THE injury and loss occasioned to Powis Castle seen on the left of the TH woollen cloths by worms

and cater roart. pillars has long excited attention. There Llanfair, the first specimen of a small are the caterpillars of six or seven small Welsh town; its bridge and church beaunight-inoths, which not only devour the tifully situated at the head of a gmail skins of animals, but also make in them valley. small pipes or holes, serving equally as a Evening drevy on-arrived at Can Of dwelling and as clothing to the worm, fice, a solitary inn, or rather publico Many chymical agents might be employed house, about 3 o'clock-anticipated by against these animals; but the remedy, Lord whose man was bustling about without great care, might change the the kitchen in his white apron, among cloth, and so-prove worse than the evil Welsh boors, dogs, and women, and abto be corrected, Recourse may how. sorbing every thing for his lordship's use ever be at all times had to heat, which is our accommodation of the worst-yad destructive to the caterpillars; and no inn, bad beds and accommodation, bus pains should be omitted to prevent their not dear. getting into the warehouses. N. VI.

Second Day. Blandford, March 1, 1814.

Malwydd 12

Dinasmouthy - 12
For the Monthly Magazine.
#KETCH of a tour round NORTH WALES,

In all . 24 post miles.
AUGUST 1813.

After leaving Can Office we soon enter T may be interesting to many persons a road at the botom of a long winding

to learn, that all the great features of yale, or street of bulls, of which he whole MONTHLY MAG. No, 254.'

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[May 1, of North Wales may be (with small ex views looking over the cliffs awful-our ceptions) said to consist.

first view of Snowdon from Cader, from Two small Welsh churches midway up which it appears a cone of vast pre-emithe bills, wbich rise on each side after the nence---other points of the prospect are, manner of an immense barrier-encoun- the pool of Bala, many miles offs--the sea tered an idiot on the road, a fine looking from the extreme point of Pembrokeshire old man-Malwydd--breakfast- a bridge to that of Carnarvoi-Anglesea partially here about a quarter of a mile from the --Ireland not at ali-Brecon Hills--Sugar inn (where a comfortable refreshment LoafmPlinlimmon--Barmouth Towyn-may be had), over a most picturesque rivers, &c. stream, which makes its way, not with Returned to Dolgelly about half past out much noise, amidst huge masses of eight o'clock, having spent seven hours rock, along a channel of the same kind in this delightful excursion. Peak of Ca. mill just above, of singular beauty-boch der viewed from the inn door, right over beautiful and irresisting subjects for the the market house of Dolgelly--the ine pencil.

moderately good. Enchanting ride to Dolgelly--at Dinasinouthy hills above began to look To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. mountainous, (the transition from hill to

SIP, mountain is indeesi complete within 25 GO long as the people of this nation miles). It happens particularly during are deluded with the prospects of fothis ride that when you would expect, on reign connections and foreign commerce arriving at the head of the valley in which so long as the majority of themn think you travel, an impassable limit to your there is something very imposing in wearprogress, you turn round the corner into ing a red coat and using a sword, agria new and quite unexpected street of culture and the peaceful arts will be neghills like the former and this perpetu- lected and despised; and whatever miseally--which adds much to the charm of ries these notions may occasion, few will this enchanting tour. Six miles before be found bold enough to explain the vayou reach Dolgelly, on reaching the head rious causes to which they are referable ; of such a street, and having attained a nor indeed will their remarks, let them be very considerable height over which the ever so well intentioned, be well received road is carried, Cader Idris bursts sudo by the generality of mankind, because denly upon the view in all his grandeur, that dazzle and parade which so much de. and is seen for the first time when only lights this fighting age, tends materially four miles distant, without the smallest to stise all generous habits of pure and intervention of hills to prevent embracing deep reflection, and to encourage indi, the whole of his magnificent dimensions ; vidual passion rather to the further in. his awful perpendicular craggs; his dou- dulgence of these unhappy propensities, ble peak (2005), his face of entire stone, than seeking to put an end to them by at the saine moment you view for the those kind considerations that have for first time a country totally surrounded in their ultimate ends the comforts and hapall directions with mountains of the same piness of nations. abrupt and awful character, not only di That war is the cause of immense vested of vegetation, but exhibiting a waste in blood and treasure, is as certain deeply fissured aspect, and grey with per as the sun giving light and heat; and petual stone. Two miles before arriving that the waste is the cause of great flocthere Dolgelly appears--its situation para tuation in the necessaries of life is what ticularly fine: between this place and the our pocket daily experiences; yet instead circular barrier of mountains which of these conclusions being generally albounds its borizon, there is interposed a lowed and acknowledged, the whole is fine helt of gentle bills, covered with vere attempted to be laid on the farmer, and dure and woods, and diversified with se that to their pride and selfishness are all veral picturesque villas -- the river the numerous evils of this description to bridge--&c.-appearance of the town, be referred. It is vain for you to remind on arriving there, totally different from them of the numerous and pressing calls any English town or village. The as that are continually made on this respecsizes. Start at half past one to ascend table and valuable class, and over which Cader Idris. Ascent begins two miles they have no more controul than an oyssouth from Dolgellye-day quite clear ter has over the tide of the ocean, There ascent not particularly difficult, but long, are no description of people whose prorequiring full eight hours on ponies-- perty is so litile protected as the farmer's, walk two miles after dismounting: the and whose comforts and happiness are so

much

much under the controul of the higher trifling away one part of the year at wa. classes;

therefore since leases have been tering places; the other in fox-bunting discontinued, it is (as natural to be expect- and shooting, in which more store is cered) rare to meet in this class of society tainly placed on a covey of birds than men of enlarged minds, and who speak the comforts of an honest and industrinus and feel as men enjoying the invigorating tenant and his family; is doing much miswarmth of rational independence. chief by estranging the one from the

The modern method of letting land, as other, though it is their mutual interest a growing evil, ought to be continually to be joined; and in some instances exposed and condemned; for how is it where the women interfere, on account possible that a person coming from a dise of the incapacity of their sniveiling hus. tant part (in general a London attorney), bands, illustrating the language of the possessing no knowledge of the many lo. poet, there is misery enough. cal circumstances that affect the value of Sometimes through fear the sexes change the estate, and which greatly retard its

their airs, successful cultivation, can be a proper The squire has vapours, and his lady swears; person to decide on the tenure of an ho- The one scarce crawls about with empiy nest and industrious man, who may have head, spent hundreds of pounds, and the best The other allows no peace till she's in bed; portion of his life, in improving and He on a Sunday ben is his pious knees, ameliorating its condition? 'Two large Whilst she, through frost and snow, gees estates in this neighbourhood, Coombe marking trees. and Stonely, Warwickshire, have been The time that these people choose to thus valued to a rack rent; all deduco begin their operations being in the spring tion, all allowances, of materials for re of the year, which is sure to shew every pairs or improvements, strictly forbidden; thing to the best advantage, is exceedhow is it possible that agriculture can ingly impolitic and unfair; and although flourish, and those exertions be inade that the crops may look prolific and abundant, very properly tend to place us indepen. it is not by any means a just criterion of dant of other nations and unfavourable their ultimate produce. Nevertheless seasons, while the cultivators labour on. when they have thus given in the price, der such discouraging effects ?

founded on this superficial decision, no The whole tribe of qualitiers, land- abatement can possibly be made, right or agents, and stewards, are a pest to so wrong, because, as the minister observes ciety; if the landlord and tenant cannot in parliament, it is popular clamour-will of themselves agree, why not, as is custo make the rest discontented and they are mary in other cases of dispute, appoint kind enough to give you for answer, “ If fair and impartial arbitrators? This ap- you do not like it, leave it; Mr. Fingerdirt pears to me to be the only method to will find a tenant at the price.” Whilst prevent many mischiefs, to do justice to this system “bas increased, is increasing, both parties, and, by giving confidence, and ought to be diminished,” it is rare for give a generous stimulant to remedy those a farmer to think it prudent to quit; they growing evils that afflict us from the want anxiously hope that things may turn up of leases. But this appears to

the for the better. Various are the ties that a age of quackery; every thing that is as wise Providence has established to bind plain and simple as the palm of your human nature to the soil that gave him hand is to be enveloped in some confu- birth; and many must be the sleepless sion, otherwise designing and useless in- nights and unhappy days of him who has dividuals could not find means of preying the endearing and additional ties of a on this deluded nation; consequently lovely wife and numerous family, before these vapid, fine-tongued gentry have an he can submit to be driven from a home, admirable opportunity to do harm to to no employment. every body but their einployers and thein All authors, that I have read on agri. selves; they having no common nor mu- culture, have described it as yet in its ine tual interest betwixt landlord and tenant, fancy, whilst my own experience confirms those generous feelings that ought to their remark; and it is but lately that the press materially on their decisions are to- enlightened aid of chemistry has been re. tally disregarded; an increasing rent-roll, sorted in, to analyze soil, and to reduce from which they receive a sinecure, s:ifles the first principles of this important art every manly sentiment.

tu a science. Yet these modern land. The change that has taken place in the agents have the stupid effrontery to de. paabits and manners of landlords, such as cide on the value of land, merely by

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