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292 Meteorological Report.

[April 1, in many parts totally destroyed; fattening of sheep have lost, instead of acquiring, flesh, and good mutton will be scarce for some time to come. Many . sheep were lost from the more effects of cold; some, with their lambs, deprived of sight. The Swedish turnips, although they resisted the weather better than the common kind. were much injured by the thaw and subsequent frost. Potatoes, insufficiently secured in store, were hurt, but the crops, both potatoes and turnips, were so large, that no want of either has been experienced. The abundance of liay and straw has been an inva. Inable resource.

Wheats and other crops have a promising appearance upon the whole, and are thickly planted, althoughi alarning reports have been made in some northern districts of the wlicats liaving been so withered by the frost that not a blade was to be seen. The clovers are backward, bnt healthy. All country labour, by consequence, in arrear, and mych of the spring secils, oats particularly, will be scufied in, according to HIr. Greg?; plan, in order to save time. The lands work beautifully, where they are not 100 wet, but dry weather is wanted. Wool a rising market. Corn rather on the decline again.

Smithfield: Beef is. to 75.--Nutton 75, 1983. 60.--Veal 6s, to 85.---Lanıb 20s, to sis. per quarter.-Pork 75. in 105..-Bacon .s. 341. to 95.---- Irish ditto 8s. to 8s. 61.Hat 6s. 8d.--Skins 20s. to co..-Oil cake 181. 185.-.Potatoes 31. to 51.--Chat ditto 1), 10s. to 3.

Corn Exchange: Wreat 65s. to 885.--Barlev 38s. to 45s-Oats 20s. to 385.The quartern loaf 13d.-flay 3), to 51. 10s.-Clover ditto 61. to 71. 75.-Straw 11. 15s, to . 5S.

an inch.

METEOROLOGICAL REPORT.
Rarometer.

Thermometer.
Highest 30.05 March 16 & 17. Wind East. Highest 50'. March 23 & 24, Wind South,
Lowest 28.30

2. Wind West. Lowest 189. Feb. 25 & 26.
The mercury

This variation oce fell, between the

curred between the Greatest?, 69-fun mornings of the Greatest

mornings of the 20th variation in dredths of 28th ult. and variation in 119. and 21st inst.: in the 24 hours, the 1st instant, 24 hours,

former the mercnry from 29.57 to

was 290, in the latter 28.88.

at 40°. The qnantity of rain fallen during the three months of this year is but equal to about an inch in ciepth, but what has been wanting in rain has been abundantly made up in snow. During the present month there have been considerable falls of show in this neighbour. hood, and in various other parts of the island.

The average height of the thermometer is but little above the freezing point, viz, 320.41; that of the harometer -3.41. So long and severe a winter has never been known by the present race of inhabitants of this island : at the moment of writing this (March 24,) there is scarcely all opening bud of any kind to be seen in the gardens or hedges, but this inay not be antavonrable to the produce of the country. The wind has chielly been from the east ; the number of brilliant days only 5 out of 28, On eight days there has been snow, and on about three others rain, but in small quantities.

TO CORRESPONDENTS, &c. As an accommodation to Booksellers who have duplicate Numbers of this Magazine, and to enable them to complete their sets, or parts of sets, we will cheerfully exchange buck Numbers for other back Numbers, previous to the current year, provided they are not torn or spoiled, and are sent free of carriage,

We earnestly crave the patience of many valuable Correspondents. The following Papers shall have place in our next :-1. S.; T. L. Curshum; R. H.; Delta ; Mr. Hornslower ; 1. ]). F. ; Mr. Loffi on Vaccination, 8c; D. Copsey; W. How; C. Ilail ; Candidus ; J. Ross; J. N.; Vurro; Inquisitor ; N. W. 8c.

S. F. is informed that we always court and respect communications of Biographical Memoirs of' eminent Persors recently deceused, and local facts of every kind.

Articles for the Varieties, titles of New Books, ge. should always come to hand béo fore the 20th,

ERRATA.-In our last Number, p. 107, col. 2, 1. 47, for 750 read 75,000.-And at pe 108, col. 1, 1. 1, tor telescope read tclesa pin

TIIE

No. 254.]

MAY 1, 1914.

[4 of Vol. 37.

As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving their Opinions a Maximum of

Influence and Celebrity, the most extensively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greatest Effect the

Curiosity of thuse who read, whether it be for Amusement or for Instruction. -JOHNSON. Sir Joshua Reynolds, on being questionied in regard to the cause of the inferiority of counterfeits and imitators,

answered, that their being copyises was of itself a proof of the inferiority of their powers, and that while they continued to be so, it was impossible for them to attain superiority. It was like a man's resoiving to go behind another. Bud whilst that resolution lasted, it would be impossible he should ever be on a par with him.". NORTHCOTE.

CONTINUATION of the ACCOUNT of the recent ERECTION of PUBLIC

BUILDINGS in various PARTS of the BRITISH EMPIRE.

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PLYMOUTH THEATRE AND HOTEL. THIS

IIIS magnificent structure, which for commodious, adapted to every class of

its purposes is unequalled in size travellers and equal to the accommodation and splendour, has recently been erected of 20 or 30 fanilies. It is provided with by Mr. FOULSTON, of St. Albani's-street, a Coffee and News Room, with a Sale London, and deserves to be considered Room for shipping and prize goods, and as a model, and as an example worthy of contains, as part of its establishment, a being imitated in all other towns in the beautiful ASSEMBLY Room, about 80 feet empire.

by 45, a corresponding Tea Room, several About three years since a subscription Card and anti-rooms, a Billiard Room, for the purposes of this building. was en. &c. &c. tered into by the corporation and inhalia The entire building is of Devonshire tants, on the principle of a Tontine, marble, covered with Parker's cement, devolving ultimately on the corporation. and presents a fine coup d'ail. The grand The shares were 100l. each, in three colonnade or partico consists of eight 10classes, and 300 in number; but it has nic columns, 40 feet high, little inferior since heen found necessary to add ano, in size to those at the west front of St. ther 100 shares, making a total capital of Paul's cathedral. The other porticoes 40,0001. which sum has been expended. consist of four columns of the same

The plan was to unite a spacious Thea, height. tre, with a splendid public Hotel, Assem This noble erection is situated at the bly Rooms, and public Stabling, on a scale west end of George's-street, towards the worthy of the improving state and in town of Stonehouse, within half a mile creased wealth of Plymouth.

of the Guildhall, or centre of Plymouth. The THEATRE, which unites all the The Theatre has been engaged on a usual points of elegance, possesses the lease by Mr. Hucies, of the Weymouth peculiar, features of having the whole of conipany; and the lotel has been taken its interior made of cast iron, cased with and splendidly fitted up by Mr. WINDsplit.deal, a wrought iron roof of 64 feet sor, late of the King's Arms. span, and a separate stair-case and ac It is just to add that the desigo of this cess to the upper boxes. It will hold fine establishment originated with Mr. from 150 to 1801., and occupies in the EDMUND LOCKYER, an eminent' prizebuilding the right wing, as viewed in the agent; and that its execution by Mr. print.

Foulston, has afforded the highest satis. The HOTEL. ig at once magnificent and faction to the subscribers, while it caui. MONTHLY MAQ, No. 254,

3

094
Public Library, Plymouth.

[May 1, not fail to exalt his character as an archie and at least 500 additional houses; and iect in the opinion of the public. by erections of a public nature, among

Plymouth, as a naval port and ar which are a new Market Place on a very. senal, and as a depot for the sale of extensive scale, presenting however no prizes, having profi:ed grearly by the object for picturesque effect, and the.two. length of the war, local improvements buildings hiere represented, the one comand public buildings are a consequence bining under its roof a THEATRE and Ho-' which may be expected to arise from su TEL, with ASSEMBLY and CARD ROOMS, perfiuous wealth. The town has there. and the other a New Public LIBRARY., fore been enlarged by several new streets,

THE PUBLIC LIBRARY, PLYMOUTH,

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A ST BSCRIPTION library, on the pian ple to be found in Stuart. It is situated put ouers, wbich now exist in all the in Cornwall-street, at a short distance large towns of the kingdom, was several from the theatre. The proprietary die vears since established at Ploniouth. vided into sliares of 301. each, of which The books were deposited in the Owidhull there are about 170; and of that capital of the corporation; but Mr. Foulston nearly 40001, was expended on this eleile architect, having been called to Plyo gant building, and the remainder in 7?10116h in erect the theatre and hotel, he, books. The institution also embraces a **&: employed to stenign a public library; supply of newspapers and current perioid the store print represents its prin- dịcal publications. al front, built after an Athenian tena

TIE RETREAT, NEAR YORK.

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Our attention is not drawn towards . The building, of which the above prethis building by its magnitude, or archi sents the north front, was erected about tectural splendour; but by claims de twenty years ago, at a short distance from rived from its utility, and from the bene- , the city of York, by the excellent Society volent spirit connected with its founda- of Friends, for the recep!ion of lanatics: tion and management,

of their religious persuasion.

It was baile

tem.

by means of loans made among the So at the London Tavern, whose object it is ciety; and is supported by their dona. to erect a building on a large scale near tions, legacies, and annual subscriptions, London; in which a similar treatment aided by small payments of the patients, should be adopted. In that paragraph proportioned to their means. It was de. we specified the advantageous résults of signed to accommodate 30 patients, but the practice in this establishment, comhas since been enlarged, and now accom- pared with those in other receptacles for modatés between 60 and 70.

lunatics, as an incontrovertible arithme. The establishment merits notice from tical proof of the benefits which may be its successful treatment of the most de. expected from an extension of the sys. plorable of human maladies, by nieans We need not repeat what we there more consonant to the feelings of moral stated; but for the further gratification and rational beings, than had heretofore of our readers, we refer them to a judi. been practised in receptacles for the cious account of the establishment lately same purpose. It was justly conceived, published by Mr. Samuel Tuke, remarka that a soothing, kind, and benevolent sys- ing, that we ardently wish success to the tem was the true medicine for diseases plan of building an extensive receptacle of the mind; the experiment has been in which the same system of treatment fairly tried in this admirable establish- is to be adopted; and that we consider zuent ; and its success has afforded an ex the Society of Friends as having estaample to all establishments for similar blished new claims, if any were wanted, purposes, and has Ideveloped principles to the respect and gratitude of mankind at once useful and gratifying.

for the excellent spirit which originated, In our last Magazine, we took notice fostered and matured these important of a meeting of some benevolent persons improvements.

THE COMMERCIAL ROOMS, BRISTOL.

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Tue merchants of Bristol having exe' for the proposed building. Ter plans perienced much inconvenience from the

were accordingly submitted to their want of a public institution, affording ac- judgment, and after the gentlemen of commodations on a plan somewhat si- the committee had duly considered, and milar to the establishment of Lloyd's in publicly exhibited all the plans, they. London, and the public rooms at Liver- awarded the first premium to Mr. C. A. pool; a subscription of 17,000l. was Busby, of London; and under whose filled by the mercantile interest of that superintendance, ás architect to the com. city, and in the year 1809 a piece of mittee, this building has been subseground was purchased by the committee quently erected, of the subscribers, in Corn-street, nearly, The entrance from Corn.street is une opposite the Exchange, for the purpose der an Ionic portico of four columns, of erecting a bụilding suitable to the ob- communicating immediately with the jects in yiew.

grand room, which is 60 feet long, 40 Shortly after, the committee made a feet wide, and 25 in height.' In the . public application to architects, offering centre of the ceiling is a circular lantern premiums of 50, 30, and 20 guineas, for light, 21 feet in diameter, covered will the first , secand, and third best designs a dome borne by 1.2 caryrtides

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Priro!

296 Destruction of Apple-free Insects, by Electricity. [May 1, porting figures, between which the light blights is a brownish blue. mist, that fre: is admitted into the room, through reti. quently accompanies an east wind. Is culated iron sashes, and the whole has not this mist caused by an infinite multis an effect altogether pleasing and elegant. tude of small insects, which are scarce The height from the floor to the dome is perceptible to the naked eye, which lay 45 feet, and from the centre is suspended their eggs beneath the blossom, and are a beautiful Grecian lamp, besides four the real cause of the blight ? for this gen. others of smaller dimensions in the angles tleman has found by exploring the blightof the room. The reading room is 30 ed blossom, that a maggot or caterpillar feet by 20, and 17 high. There are also is making his depredations beneath the a committee room and offices, and two blossom, and in the end renders the rooms over the reading and cominittee flower abortive. The third gentleman, rooms, of dimensions corresponding with in your October Magazine, says that the those below. The whole site of the eggs of the insect may be detected bebuilding is vaulted, and the liberality of tween the scales, of the fruit-bud, with the committee bas spared no expence in the assistance of the microscope in the end the solidity of its const

nstruction, or in the of autumn. He also describes another embellishments which render it an ho. species of insect, whose ravages are nourable proof of their public spirit. chiefly confined to the leaves.

I am not The rooms are furnished with hand. sufficiently skilled in entomology to give some mahogany tables and chairs. All a perfect description of these insects. If the London news and commercial papers, they are of the order Lepidoptera, they as well as those printed in the principal are divided into eight families by natu. cities and towns of the United Kingdoms, ralists, in which are no less than 460 spe. are taken in, and also the best periodical cies, one of which are particularly fond publications. Correct authentic lists are of hops. The mode of destroying these kept, of all vessels coming in and clear, insects by soap, sulphur, and tobacco, or ing out from the principal ports, and by line water, is a tedious process... I every possible information is afforded to think it is possible to destroy all the infacilitate the extensive commercial ar sects on one tree in an instant, or even in rangements of the citizens of Bristol. a whole orchard at once, (and before

they have made their depredations on the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, blossoms or leaves) at a very small ex

pence. I have not yet made the experiAVING noticed in your Magazine ment myself for want of the necessary tieman's expectations from bis apple, to those curious gentlemen that are in trees having been repeatedly disappointed possession of a good electrical apparatus. by insects, which breed on the leaves of Observe the time when the insect is just his trees, and which leaves are almost hatched from its egg, which may be done universally covered with a glutinous ad- by the help of a good pocket megalahesive liquor; and bis attempts to destroy scope, and then electrify the tree by these insects, by a mixture of soap suds giving a moderate shock; examine the and spirits of turpentine, destroy both buds and blossoms after the shock, to see leaves and buds. In the first place it if the maggot or caterpillar is deprived of would be necessary to enquire how this life; and by a few experiments on diffeglutinous and adhesive liquor was formed

rent trees,

the power of the electrical on the leaves. Is it not likely that the stroke may be ascertained; and then by parents of these insects perforated the means of a sufficient number of wires, so fine vessels of the leaves, from which as to form an electrical chain with the exuded a liquor, which by the wind and conductor of the electrical machine, a sun evaporating the watery parts, the whole orchard may be electrified at once, other became glutinous and adhesive, I much wish an experiment of this kind which by instinct, or rather foreknow. was made by some gentleman well skilled. Jedge, the parent insect knew would be in electricity. I successful it would be a proper nidus to support its young? An of great public utility, especially to the tasy means, in my humble opinion, of apple counties, destroying these insects shall be mention. I saw an account some years ago of ed in this letter, after having noticed the great ravages heing done to the wheat in complaints of two other gentlemen le. America, by a fly called the Hessian fly, specting the blight in their apple-trees. from an opinion that they were first im. The first is in your Magazine for August, ported from Hesse. They first appeared where the writer says in bis letter, that in Long Island during the American war; the most popular opinion of the cause of and advanced inland about fifteen or

twenty

SIR,

H an

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