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262
Public Affairs in March.

(April 1, and Ardon, close under the town, and Count Woronzoff conducted his advance in which may be regarded as its suburbs. the morning, and the bravery and deter. The musketry reached the walls of the mination with which his troops attacked, town, and continued without intermission were the admiration of every one. The until about eleven o'clock, when the fog losses on either side it is as yét impossible began to disperse. At this time the enemy to ascertain, but I have myself seen some was observed to be in force behind the vil hundred prisoners brought in here already. lages of Semilly and Leuilly, with columns P.S. Ten A.M.-The prisoners say that of infantry and cavalry on the Chaussee Bouaparte is still in frout of Laon, and retowards Soissons. He occupied at the solved on pursning his attack this day. same time, in force, the village of Ardon. The cannonade and musketry is already The enemy was instantly repelled from violent in the direction of Semilly aud Semilly, and Field-Marshal Blucher, the Leuilly. moment he could observe any thing of the P.S. Laon, Ten A.M. March 11, 1814.-enemy's position, ordered the cavalry from The attack continued during the whole of the rear to advance, and turn his left flank. yesterday. The plain below the city of General Count Woronzoff, who was on the Laon is interspersed with villages and right of the Field-Marshal's position, ad- small woods, which became the scene of vanced at the same time with his infantry, very warm and obstinate contests. A wood pushed forward two battalions of yagers, near the village of Clacy, on the right of which drove in the enemy's posts, sustained the position, was taken and re-taken four a charge of cavalry, and maintained them- or five different times, and remained finally selves in an attitude to keep the left of the in possession of the Allied troops. The enemy in check until the cavalry could ad- infantry of General Winzingerode's corps,

The Field-Marshal, at the same under the command of General Couut Wo. time, directed the advance of a part of rouzoff, were the troops engaged there; General Bulow's corps against the village in the centre and left of the position the of Ardon, from which the enemy, after enemy maintained himself, and at about sustaining a fire for about half an hour, was half an hour before sunset, he threw for. compelled to retreat.-Whilst the cavalry ward a body of skirmishers, supported by was taking a circuit round from the rear, two battalions of infantry (the rest of his and at about two o'clock in the afternoon, army remaining in reserve), and attacked the enemy was observed to be advancing a the village of Semilly close under the walls column of sixteen battalions of infantry, of the town; but a battalion of Prussians, with cavalry and artillery, along the chaus- of General Bulow's corps, threw itself in see from Rheims. General D'Yorck was the road, and, supported by the fire of the directed to oppose him, and General Baron troops on each flank, compelled him to Sacken ordered to General D'Yorck's sup- retire in disorder and with loss. This was port. It was here the battle became most the last operation attempted during the general and decisive. The enemy opened day. The fires of his bivouac were appaa formidable battery of at least 40 or 50 rent along a very extended line at the be. pieces of artillery, and advanced with a ginning of the night; but in the morning it confidence from which he must have arro was observed he had retired, and the cagated to himself every success. He form- valry of the advanced guard are at this ed a column of attack, and was moving moment in pursuit of him, towards Chaforward with a pas de charge to the village vignon, on the road to Soissons. Thus, of Althies, when Prince William of Prus- during two days of successive attacks, the sia, who was advancing to the village at enemy has experienced nothing but defeat the same time, met him half way, and over and discomfiture. The efforts of all his threw him. He then began his retreat, force have been broken against and recoiled which soon became a flight. Eight pieces from the bulwark which this fine position of artillery, with horses and every thing had afforded. The absence of the corps belonging to thein, were immediately of D'Yorck, Kleist, and Sacken, which taken, and successively twenty-two pieces were in the morning pursuing the remain

He was pursued as far as Corbeny, der of the troops that had advanced from losing baggage, prisoners, &c. by the way, Rheims, and which could not be recalled in the details of all which have not yet arrived, time, prevented any active offensive opera. as the pursuit has continued during the tion being undertaken yesterday. But suca whole of the night, and as it is still going cess had crowned the efforts of these corps in on.--On the right, no particular advan- other respects, by the capture of between tages were gained beyond the expiusion of 3000 and 4000 prisoners, besides a great the enemy trom the villages lie had gained quantity of ammunition and baggage, and possession of in the morning. General 45 pieces of cannon have already been Count Woronzoff, towards the close of the brought in. day, again attacked with the greatest vi. The intended future operations of this gour, but he had large masses opposed to army have not yet been promulgated, but

him, and the ground presented difficulties I apprehend they will be altogether of an of against the active co-operation of his caval. fensive nature. I have the honor to be, &c. 38.--The promptitude with which General (Signed) H. LOWE, Colonel.

The

more.

The Marquis of Wellington's accounts of Rowland Hill had forced the passage of the the events near Bayonne, are as follow : Gave above Orthes, and seeing the state of

Downing-street, March 20, 1814. the action, he moved inimediately with the Major Freemantie has arrived at this 2d division of infantry under Lieutenant Office, bringing dispatches from the Mar- General Sir William Stewart, and Majorquis of Wellington, addressed to Earl for the great road from Orthes to st. Sever,

General Fane's brigade of cavalry, direct Bathurst. St. Sever, March 1, 1814.

thus keeping upon the enemy's left. MY LORD, I returned to garrison the

The enemy retired at first in admirable 21st, and ordered the 6th and light divisions order, taking every advantage of the nuto break up from the blockade of Bayonne, afforded. The losses, however, which they

merons good positions which the country and General Don Manuel Freyre to close up sustained in the continued attacks of our the cantonments of his corps towards Irun, and to be prepared to move when the left troops, and the danger with which they of the army should cross the Adour.

were threatened by Lieutenant-General Sir On the 24th, Lientenant-General Sir rated their movements, and the retreat at

Rowland Hill's movements, soon acceleRowland Hill passed the Gave d'Oleron at length became a flight, and their troops Villenave.

were in the utmost confusion. Marischal de Campo Don Pablo Murillo drove in the enemy's posts near Noverrens, took advantage of the only opportunity.

Lieutenant-General Sir Stapleton Cotion and blockaded that place. FieldMarshal Sir William Beresford like- ral Lord Edward Somerset's brigade, in

which offered to charge with Major-Genewise attacked the enemy on the 23d, in the neighbourhood of Sanlt de Navailles, their fortified posts at Hastingues and Overgave, on the left of the Gave de Pau, and where the enemy had been driven from the obliged them to retire within the tete-du- high road by Lientenant-General Sir Row

land Hill. The 7th hussars distinguished pont at Peyrehorade. The 6th and light divisions crossed the

themselves upon this occasion, and made Adour on the morning of the 27th at day. many prisoners. light, and we found the enemy in a strong and I halted the army in the neighbourhood

We continued the pursnit till it was dusk, position near Orthes, with his right on the of Sault de Navaillee. heights on the road to Dax, and occupying the village of St. Boes, and his left the

I cannot estimate the extent of the ene. heights above Orthes and that town, and my's loss: we have taken six pieces of canopposing the passage of the river by Sir non and a great many prisoners, the num Rowland Hill.

bers I cannot at present report. The whole Marshal Sir William Beresford carried country is covered by their dead. Their the village, of St. Boes with the 4th divi: army was in the utmost confusion when I sion, under the command of Lieutenant last saw it passing the heights near Sault de General Sir Lowry Cole, after an obstinate Navailles, and many soldiers had thrown

The desertion has since resistance by the enemy: but the ground away their arms.

been immense. was so narrow that the troops could not

Lieutenant-General Sir Rowland Hill has deploy to attack the heights, notwithstanding the repeated attempts of Major-Gene- moved upon Aire, and the advanced posts ral Ross and Brigadier-General Vascon- of the centre are at Casares.

The enemy are apparently retiring upon cello's Portuguese Brigade; and it was impossible to turn the enemy by their right, Agen, and have left open the direct road

towards Bourdeaux. without an excessive extension of our line. I therefore so far altered the plan of the

Whilst the operations, of which I have action, as to order the immediate advance above given the report, were carrying on of the 3d and 6th divisions, and I moved the right of the army, Lientenant-Ġeneral forward Colonel Barvard's brigade of the Sir John Hope, in concert with Rear-Adlight division, to attack the left of the miral Penrose, availed himself of an oppor. height on which the enemy's right stood.

tunity which offered on the 23d of February, This attack, led by the 52d regiment; take possession of both banks of the river

to cross the Adour below Bayonne, and to under Lieutenant-Colonel Colborne, and supported on their right by Major-General at its month. The vessels destined to form Brisbane's and Colonel Kean's brigades of the bridge could not get in till the 24th,

when the difficult, and at this season of the the 3d division, and by simultaneous attacks on the left by Major-General Anson's year dangerous operation of bringing them brigade of the 4th division, and on the right in, was effected with a degree of gallantry by Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Picton, and skill seldom equalled. Lieutenant-Ge. with the remainder of the 3d division and neral Sir John Hope particularly mentions the 6th division under Lieutenant-General Captain O'Reilly and Lieutenant Cheshyre, Sir Henry Clinton, dislodged the enemy lins of the royal navy, and also Lieutenant

Lientenant Douglas, and Lieutenant Cole from the heights, and gave us the victory, In the mean time Lientenant-General Sir Debenham, agent of transports; and I am

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Public Affairs in March.

[April 1, infinitely indebted to Rear-Admiral Pen- tains, 1 ensign, 2 serjeants, 16 rank and file, rose for the cordial assistance I received 1 borse, killed ; 1 major, 1 captain, 6 liente from him in preparing for this plan, and nants, 4 ensigns, 1 staff, 9 serjeants, 3 drumfor that which he gave Lieutenant-General mers, 110 rank and file, 4 horses, wounded; Sir John Hope in carrying it into exe 1 lieutenant, 1 serjeant, 27 rank and file, cution.

missing.
The enemy, conceiving tliat the means Names of the Officers Killed.
of crossing the river, which Lieutenaut-

British Officers Killed.
general Sir John Hope had at his command, Feb. 23.–Royal Engineers.-Capt. T.
viz, rafts made of pontoons, had not enabled Pitts.
him to cross a large force in the course of 68th Foot.-Capt. James W. M. Leith.
the 22d, attacked the corps which he had Total loss on the 27th of February.
sent over on that evening. This corps con British-1 major, 6 captains, 7 lieute.
sisted of six hundred men of the 2d brigade nants, 1 staff, 21 serjeants, 3 drummers, 169
of guards, under the command of Major- rank and file, killed; 2 general staff, 2 lieu-
general the Honourable Edward Stopford, tenant-colonels, 7 majors, 30 captains, 49
who repulsed the enemy immediately. The licutanants, 14 ensigns, 1 staff, 1 quarter-
rocket brigade was of great use upon this master, 17 serjeants, 11 drummers, 1203
occasion.

rank and file, 83 horses, wounded ; 1 caps Three of the enemy's gun-boats were tain, 2 serjeants, 1 drummer, 27 rank and destroyed this day, and a frigate lying in file, 1 horse, missing. the Adour received cousidciable damage Portugnese-1 lientenant-colonel, 2 maa from the fire of a battery of eighteen- jors, 4 serjeants, 59 rank and file, killed ; % pounders, and was obliged to go higher up lieutenant-colonels, 2 majors, 5 captains, 6 the river to the neighbourhicod of the lieutenants, 11 ensigns, 20 serjeants, 6 bridge.

drummers, 152 rank and file, wounded ; 3 Lieutenant-general Sir John Hope in serjeants, 36 rank and file, missing. wested the citadel of Bayonne on the 25th,

British Officers Killed. and Lientenant-general Don Manuel Royal German Artillery-Capt. Fred. Freyre moved forward with the fourth Lympher (Major). Spanish army, in consequence of directions Royal Engineers-Capt, Parker, which I had left for him. On the 27th the 5th Foot, 1st batt.--Lieut. H. L. Hopbridge having been completed, Lieutenant- lins. general Sir John Hope deemed it expedient 6th Foot, 1st batt.--Lieuts, W. Pattulo to invest the citadel of Bayome more and Henry Scott. closely than he had done before; and he 20th Foot_Major James Bent; Capt. J. attacked the village of St. Etienne, which St. Aurin. he carried, having taken a gun and some 42d Foot, 1st batt.-Adj.-Lieut. John prisoners from the enemy; and his posts are W. Innes. now within ninc hundred yards of the out 45th Foot, 1st batt.—Lieutenant Joha works of the place.

Metcalf. The result of the operations which I 87th Foot, 2d batt.-Lieut. James Fitz, Ilave detailed to your lordship is, that Bay- gerald. onue, St. Jean Pied de Port, and Navar 88th Foot, 1st batt.---Capt. H. M‘Der: rens are invested, and the army having mott; Lieut. Jas. Moriarty. passed the Adour, are in possession of all Chasseurs Britannique --- Capt. Charles the great communications across the river, Millins. after having beaten the enemy and taken Brunswick Light Infantry-Capt. Ernest their magazines.

de Brexeim ; Lieut. Ernest Koshenahr. Total loss from the 14th to the 17th of Feb.

Portuguese Officers Killed. 1814, inclusive.

21st regt. of the Line-Capt. Samuel. British---1 lieutenant, 2 serjeants, 22 Germin. rank and file, killed; 1 general staff, 1 ma 11th Caçadores--Lieut.-Col. - Kilshawi jor, 7 captains, 8 lieutenants, 1 staff, 8 ser- Capt. Antonio Re du Silva. jeants, 3 drummers, 126 rank and file,

St. Sever, March 4, 1814. wounded ; 4 rank and file missing.

My LORD,—The rain which fell in the Portuguese-1 drummer, 5 rank and file, afternoon of the 1st swelled the Adour, and killed; 1 lieutenant-colonel, 1 lieutenant, 2 all the rivulets falling into that river, so ensigns, 4 serjeants, 1 drummer, 25 rank considerably, as materially to impede our and file, wounded; 3 rank and tile missing. further progress, and to induce me on the (Signed) E. M. PAKENHAM. next day to halt the army till I could repair

Adt. Gen. the bridges, all of which the enemy had de.. Names of the Officers Killed. stroyed. The rain continued till last night, British Killed.

and the river is so rapid that the pontoons 15th February.—Royal Artillery--Lieut. cannot be laid upon it. George Moore.

The enemy had collected a corps at 26th February, 1814, inclusive... cap. Ayre, probably to protect the evacuation

of

men.

of a magazine which they had at that place. which, it is reported, amounts to 10,000 Sir Rowland Hill attacked this corps on the 2d, and drove them from their post Nothing important has occurred at tilie with considerable loss, and took possese blockade of Bayonne, or in Catalonia, since sion of the town and magazine.

I addressed your lordship last. I am sorry to have to l'eport that we lost

Airt, March 14, 1814. the Hon. Lieut. Col. Hood on this occasion,

I enclose Marshal Sir William Beresford's an officer of great merit and promise. Iu private letter to me, written after his arother respects our loss was not severe.

rival at Bordeaux, from which you will I have, &c.

see, that the Mayor and people of the The Earl Bathurst. WELLINGTON. town have adopted the white cockade, and Total British loss from Feb. 28 to March 2, deciared for the bonse of Bourbon, 1814, inclusive.

[Marshal Sir William Beresford's private 1 lieutenant-colonel, 2 lieutenants, 1 ser- letter, to which Lord Wellington's dispatch jeant, 16 rank and file, 5 horses, killed ; 1 refers, is dated Bourdeaux, 12th March, general staff, 1 major, 4 captains, 7 lieute

1814. nants, 9 serjeants, 2 drummers, 112 rank It states, in substance, that he entered and file, 11 horses, wounded ; 2 rank and the city on that day. That he was met a file missing:

short distance from the town, by the civil Nanies of the Officers Killed to the 2d of authorities and population of the place, and March, inclusive.

was received in the city with every demon3d Guards--Lieut.-Col. Hon. Fred. W. stration of joy. Hood, (A. A. G.)

The magistrates and the city guards 50th Foot, ist batt.---Lieut. Duncan took off the cagles and other badges, and M'Donnell

spontaneonsly substituted the white cock71st Foot, 1st batt.--Lieut, James An- ade, which had been adopted universally derson.

by the people of Bourdeaux. Aire, March 13, 1814. Eighty-four pieces of cannon were found The excessive bad weather and violent in the city; and an hundred boxes of sefall of rain, in the beginning of the month, creted arms had been produced already.] having swelled, to an extraordinary degree,

HOLLAND all the rivers, and rendered it difficult and On the 8th of March, the British army tedious to repair the numerous bridges, sent to assist in expelling the French which the enemy had destroyed in their re from this and the adjoining countries, treat, and the different parts of the army attempted to take the strong fortress of being without communication with each Bergen-op-Zoom by storin, but failed, other, I was obliged to halt. The enemy retired after the affair with

with the loss of nearly its whole force, in Lieutenant-general Sir Rowland Hill, on

killed, wounded, and prisoners. The the 2d, by both banks of the Adour towards following is the dispatch of the comTarbes, probably with a view to be joined manding officer, describing this tragical by the detachments from Marshal Süchet's affair. army, which left Catalonia in the last week

Bergen-op-Zoom, March 10. in February

SIR,--I have now the honour of reportIn the mean time I sent, on the 7th, a ing to your excellency, that the column detachment, under Major-general Fane, to

which made the attack on the Antwerp take possession of Pau; and another on the side got into the place about eleven o'clock 8th, under Marshal Sir William Beresford, on the night of the 8th, by the clock of this to take possession of Bourdeaux.

town; but at about half-past eleven, by the I have the pleasure to inform your lord- time we were regulated by, a delay having ship, that the marshal arrived there yes occurred at Bourgbliet, occasioned by my terday, (the small force which was there finding it necessary to change the point of having, in the preceding evening, retired attack, on account of the state of the ice at across the Garonne,) and that this impor- the first intended spot. Every exertion tant city is in our possession.

was made by Lieut.-Col. Smyth and Capt. Lieutenant-general Don Manuel Frere · Sir G. Hoste, of the Royal Engineers, in joined the army this day, with that part of getting on the ladders and plauks requisite the 4th army under his immediate com for effecting the enterprise, and in directing mand, and I expect that Major-genera! the placing them for the descent into the Ponsonby's brigade of cavalry will join to- ditchi, and passing the feet in the ice, and Morrow.

ascending the ramparts of the body of the I learn from Major-general Fạne, who place; during which operation several men commands Lieutenant-general Sir Rowland were lost by a fire from the rampart. After Hill's out-posts, that the enemy. have this we were established on the rampart, and day collected a considerable force in the had occupied some houses, from whevce peighbourhood of Couchez, and I therefore we might have been much annoyed, and conclude that they liave been joined by the had sent a strong patrole towards the point detachment of the army of Catalonia, at which Major-Gen. Skerrett and Lieut.,

Cole

our arms.

206
Public Affairs in March.

(April 1, Col. Carleton had entered, I detached Major-Gen. Gore, and Lieut.-Col. Carleton, Lieut.-Col. Clifton, with part of the 1st and that the troops which had followed them Guards, to secure the Antwerp Gate, and had snífered very much, and had been 'reto see if he could get any information of the pulsed from the advanced points along the columnn under Lieut.-Coi. Morrice. Lieut.- rampart where they had penetrated to. I Cel. Clifton reached the gate, but found was convinced that a longer continuance of that it could not be opened by his men, the the contest would be an useless loss of lives, enemy throwing a very heavy fire up a and without a prospect of relief as we were street leading to it. It was also found they situated. I therefore consented to adopt occupied an outwork, commanding the the mortifying alternative of laying down bridge, which would effectually render that

J. G. Cooke, Major-Gen. outlet useless to us. I leard nothing more To Gen. Sir Thomas Graham. of this detachment, but considered it as kost, the communication having been inter- List of the Officers Killed, Wounded, and rupted by the enemy.

Missing in the Attack upun Bergen-opLieut.-Col. Rooke, with part of the 3d

Zoom, by Storm, on the Night of the 8th. Guards, was afterwards sent in that direc KILLED. --Staff -- Brigadier-Gen. Gore, tion, drove the enemy from the interme

33d regt. diate rampart, and reached the gate, when 1st Foot Guards--Lieut. Col. the Hon. he found it useless to attempt any thing, and J. Macdonald. ascertained that the ontwork was still occii. Sd Ditto--Lieut. Col. Mercer. pied. We were joined in the course of the 4th batt. Royal Scotts---Captains M-Ni. night by the 33d, 55th, and 2d battalion of col and Wetheral; and Lieutenant Henry the 69th regt. but the state of uncertainty Miles. as to what had passed at other points, de 37 th regt. ed batt.--Ensign Sandes. termined me not to weaken the force now

44th regt. 2d batt.Lieut. Col. the collected, by attempting to carry points Hon. G. Carleton; and Ensign James which we could not maintain, or penetrate Maxwell. through the streets with the certain loss of

9!st foot, 2d batt. Ensign Hugli a great number of men, particularly as I M'Dougald. heard that the troops at the Water Port

Royal Sappers and Miners--Sub.-Lieut. Gate, under Lient.-Col. Muller, were very

Adamson. seriously opposed. I sent the 33d to rein WOUNDED.---Royal Artillery--Capt. E. force him.

Michell (B. M.), severely. The enemy continued a galling fire upon Royal Engineers--Lieut. Abbey, severe ms, and at one time held the adjoining bas. ly, since dead. tion, from the angle of which they com 1st Foot Guards--Lieut.-Col. Clifton, pletely commanded our comniunication severely, since dead; Capts. Lindsey, Duwith the exterior, and bronght their guns kenfield, and Trelawny, severely, not dan. at that angle to bear against us. They geronsly, prisoners; Capt. Bulteel, severely, were charged and driven away by Majors since dead; Ensign Pardoe, severely, not Muttlebury and Hogg, with the 59th and dangerously, prisoner. 55th, in a very spirited and gallant style. Coldstream Guards---Capt. Shawe,severe

Finding that matters were becoming ly, not dangerously. more serious, and being still without any 3d Foot Guards--Capt. Stothert (B.M.), 'information from other points, excepting severely, 10t dangerously. that of the failure of Lieut.-Col. Morrice's Royal Scots, 4th batt.--Capt. Purvis, se. column near the Nourd Gate, I determined, verely, prisoner; Lieuts. Stoyte, Robertson, at the suggestion of Colonel Lord Proby, and W. Midgley, severely. to let part of the troops withdraw, which 21st Foot, 2d batt.—Major Roht. Henry was done at the ladders where they en (Lient.-Col.) severely, not dangerously; tered.

Capt. Darrah, severely, not dangerously ; About day-light the enemy having again Capt. Donald M‘Kenzie, severely, leg ampossessed themselves of the before-menti- putated; First Lieutenants the Hon. 8. H. oned bastion, they were again driven from Morris, slightly, H. Pigou, slightly; Second it by Majors Muttlebury and Hogs, wiih Licutenants John Bulteel, severely, since their weak battalious, in the same gallant dead; D. Moody, severely, prisoner; D.

I soon afterwards began sending Rankin, severely, prisoner; Ensign Sir W. off some more men, when Lient. Col. Jones, Crosby, severely. who had been taken prisoner in the night, 33d regt.-Lieut.-Col. Elphinstone, secame to me, (accompanied by a French verely, not dangerously; Capt. Guthrie, officer, who summoned me to surrender) ditto; Lieut. MʻQuarrie, slightly; Lieut. and informed me that Lieut. Col. Muller, Kerr, severely; Lieut. Buck, slightly ; and the troops at the Water Port Gate, Lieut Pode, severely, prisoner; Ensign had been obliged to surrender, and were Bannatyne, severely; Ensign Canning, ditmarched prisovers into the town; when I to; Ensign Howard, slightly · Adj. Priestalso learnt the fate of Lieut.-Col. Clifton's ley, ditto. detachment, and of Major-Gen. Skerrett, 37th regt, 2d, bait-Lieut. Dyer, see

verely,

manner.

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