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civil or. political capacities, who enter- reign has been done, but mych still retain differences in their religious creeds? mains to be done, in order to conciliate The practice of almost all nations proves the affection and deserve the gratitude the contrary.

Let us not deceive our of Catholic Ireland. Certain it is." selves: it is not possible that permanent that the public mind, in this too long opa advantage can arise from any measure, pressed country, exhibits that scorn of except that which shall restore the Ca meanness, that high sense of honour, tholics to the full enjoyment of equal that ardent enthusiasın, which constitute rights with their fellow citizens." the primordial elements of national ex

It is a strange mistake to suppose, cellence; though from circumstances uni. that the Catholics of Ireland suffer under formly unpropitious, it has not been reno grievances of magnitude sufficient to fined by civilization, nor illuminated by justify their reiterated complaints. The knowledge. No, it has been hardened dreadful system of oppression and per- by calamity, it has been made stern and secution, unhappily established in that sullen, and disdainful, from the consciouscountry on the basis of a revolution, ness of habitual and undeserved injury, justly stiled, “ glorious” in England, has Why then should we wonder if it occasi. indeed been shaken to its centre. But onally breaks out into acts of ferocity, or the slightest fragment of that atrocious that passion is at times inflamed into code, must be regarded as a badge of madness! hostile distinction; and when continued [The conclusion of this interesting in defiance of earnest and solemo communication shall be given in our next petitions, will suffice to make political Number.] antipathy and religious enthusiasm eternal.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Laws of a severe nature still exist against converts to the Roman Catholic THE introductory paragraph of the religion. The Catholics cannot sit in letter of your correspondent, Mr, parliament, they cannot hold any office, C. A. Busby, at page 24, of your last that of justice of the peace excepted, one number, seems not unlikely to mislead der the crown. They can hold no renk some of your readers into the belief, that in the army above thatos colonel, or in the he stands alone as an architect, or the navyaborethat of captain. Some prospeca practice is new with such, of preparing tive regulations also are obviously neces. models of houses and offices, &c. that sary to relieve the mass of the Catholic they are consulted on the erection of, population in the matter of tythes. In since this is by no means the case. In inany districts of Ireland there are scarce the office of my brother-in-law, Mr. ly any protestants, and no service what. Thomas Cundy, of Pimlico, I have on ever is performed in the parochial churches, several occasions seen the models of large which exhibit the chilling aspect of decay houses that he had designed, and was and desolation; and throughout whose about to build for different persons ; melancholy aisles no sound is heard but some of them, I remember, were so con"the voice of time-disparting towers.” trived, that by taking off the roof and The protestant incumbents reside at a each floor in succession, or at any par. distance, and if they ever appear it is on ticular floor, the form, conveniences, and sy to demand their dues for the non-per. even some idea of the proposed ornaformance of their duties,

ments of each room, or suite of such, Nor does this statement involve any might be obtained, as well as of the compersonal reflection, It is the system bined effect of the whole. I have also which requires a change: and the protes- heard of the same being practised by tant clergy are doubtless, as a question of other architects. In a window in Bondproperty, entitled to a full indemnification street, there has long been a public disfor any loss eventually incurred by the play of such models, I believe by an arrequisite modifications. Indeed in no chitect. I am far from wishing to insicase ought unoffending individuals to be nuate, (as I do not know it) that Mr. made the victims of reform. But the Busby inay not have contrived or exsystem abstractedly considered is inde- ecuted sonething different from, or even fensiblemit is monstrous. For, as it has superior to what I have mentioned, but been recently and pointedly asked, “what merely wish to guard against the ima more glaring absordity is it possible for pression of the practice being exclusively the mind of man to conceive than that of liis,

J. FAREY. a clergy without laity, pastors without To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. flocks, teachers without hearers, and shurches without congregations?"

spell Much

letters

divide

SIR,

Words of Two

Words of Three

Syllables.

Words of pour

Syllables.

Bish'-op

On the proper Mode of dividing Words. [April 1, words into syllables, and to give the let- tive observation of the manner in which ters in each syllable their proper sound the following words are sounded by toleall together." Introduction to Mrs. rably correct speakers, that the following Trimmer's Churity-school Spelling Book, is the way in which they ought to be diPart 11.: London, stereotyped and print- vided :-ed by D. Cock and Co. 75, Dean Street, Soho.

Syllables.

A-bol-ish A-bil-i-ty It has been observed, I think with much

Bod' Ag'-o-ny

A-bom'-i-nate truth, that in no respect does the presenc Broth'-er Cov'-er-ing Activ'-i-ty aye differ more from any precedingonethan Búsh-eh Ed'-i-ty Af-fin'-i-ty in that of the improved modes of eleinen. Căm'-el El-e-ment A-stron-o-my tary instruction; but there are still a great Chčr'-ish l'm'-i-tate Cěr.e-mio-ny niany weeds remaining in our fields, and it behoves those who have the welfare tended to her own method in some irr

Again: Mrs. Trimmer has not even at-, of the rising generation at heart to pull stances; for the words Em-i-nent, En-eup what they may find as they pass along. I have been led to this remark from lout my, Rich-es, and sin-ew, she has divided

as I have here written them; a proof how ing cursorily over the book the title of

litile attention has been paid to any rule: which I have quoted above. Upon a very but perhaps some compositor forgot his smal! degree of attention to the manner mavuscript before hini, and in the simpliin which words are uttered, it will be city of his understanding set up the letters found that there is a simple and nutural

right. I hase marked both the accent way of dividing syllables by the organs

and the quantity in the above division of of speech, which it ought to be the ob- .

syllables, but the quantity would be unject, us much as possible, of those who ata tempt to commit those divisions to paper,

necessary in a charity-school spelling

book; the accent is, I think, indispensable. to follow : ind the neurer these divisions

In regard to the placing of the accent, I approuch to that of speech the more cusy must it be for the pupil to upprehend the

am afraid the authority of Johnson lias

done much mischief. In his dictionary actual sounds of the words. I shall not Bow enquire whether the definition of whether it be upon the vowel or the con

he uniformly places it over the vowel, Spelling above-quoled might not be im

sonant, or, in other words, whether the provedl, but shall merely request the

syllable be long or short, than which can reader to attend to a few words divided into syllables from Mrs. Tiimmer's any thing be more injudicious, or tend

more directly to mislead? Thus the acbook.

cent is placed in his dictionary in the

same situation over the a in Va'cate and Bi-shop A-bo-lisi A-bi-ii-ly

in Eva'cuate, when it is evident that a in Bo-dy A-90-11

A-bo-mi-nate Vācate is long, and in Evacuate short : Bro-ther Co.ver-ing Ac-ti-vi-ty and so in an infinity of other words, Bu-shel E-di-fy

Af-fi-ni-ty Now althougti, to the adept in philological Ca-mel E-le-ment As-tro-no-my criticism, these things are of very small Che-rish 1-mi-tate Ce-le-mo-uy

moment, yet to learners they are unquesNow I would ask, Is this nature; or ra- tionally of primary importance, and ther, is it not any thing but nature, and sometines occasion a great waste of calculated to puzzle the learner, as well time; and therefore it is to be hoped that as defying both sound and cominon sense? the improved dictionary of Johnson will

aware that inany compilers of not only be corrected in these particulars, spelling- books have divided words into but will also combine the essentials of syllables exactly in the same way as Mrs, every other dictionary now extant; inTrimmer, but I would ask again, Is this cluding of course the mode of conveying nature: and are we therefore never to

the pronunciation of each word as atemancipate ourselves from leading-strings? tempted by Sheridan, Walker, and other I trust we are. I trust that the spirit of lexicographers, without which it can improvement now abroad will be infused hardly be said that a complete dictionary into every branch of our domestic econo of our language is to be had, which at my; that every intellectual process will present is a great desideratum. be simplified; and that the literary, and To return to Mrs. Triinmer's spellingconsequently the moral, improvement of book, which we are told is stereotyped, I the lower orders will enable every Eng- observe no less than five orthographical Jishman to exult in the true glory of his errors in the spelling lessons, viz. defering country.

for deferring; horibly for horribly; maI think it will be found, upon an atten. gesty for majesty; shortned for shortene '. 1

ed;

Words of Two

Syllables.

Words af Three

Syllables.

Words of Four

Syllables.

I am

ed; and bannishing for banishing. How whom it is designed. But a much hatter many more might be found through the than any yet extant, might easily be whole book I am not prepared to say, as compiled by a person of moderate my attention has been principally di- capacity. rected to the list of words divided into The best Spelling Book evhich I have syllables. My reasons for commenting seen is Mavor's, as rerises in the late, upon the errors in this book arise, not editions.

J. JENNINGS. because many other of our elementary Huntspill, Feb. 20, 1814. books do not abound with them, but hecause it is a book now, I believe, uni- To the Editor of the Monihly Magazine, versally put into the hands of children in SIR, all our national schools supported by the TAVING omitted last year to give established clergy; and, therefore, it is you a summary of the meteorologia of the utmost consequence, that such a cal observations for the year 1812, I shall book should be correct, as the circula now set onwn, in a tabular form, the tion of it among the lower orders must leading facts as they refer to 1812 and be very great. Would it not be worthy 13, after which I shall collect the averages the attention of those whom it may con- for 19 years, during which the journal cern, the clergy in particular, to select a has been kept with as much accuracy as committee from their body to superintend possible, within a short distance of the the compilation of books of elementary metropolis, The observer trusts that instruction, and to take care that they the facts and observations thus recorded are properly and correctly printed? I nay serve as data for more extended taam persuaded, if Mrs. Trimmer's Spele bles, which inay hereafter be given to ling Book were thoroughly examined, ic the public, by some person qualified to would not be found, by any means, the reduce meteorology to a systein founded best, even of our present school-books, on scientific principles. to be put into the hands of those for

Averaye height of Average height of Quantity of rain in

the thermometer. the barometer. depth, in inches.

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It will be seen from the above table that the average temperatures for the whole years, 1812 and 1813, are nearly the same, the difference being a little less than of a degree; but the variations in the different months are in so!!le cases very considerable. The mean height of the barometer for 1812 was 29.5, and the quantity of rain fallen was equal to 30.278 inches; in 1813 the barometer was 29.601, and the quantity of rain was less by nearly 3 inches, being only 27.684 inches in depth.

MONTALY Mac, No. 253.

No. of Days, No. of Day%. State of the Winds.

1812. 1813, North

13 13 South

5

8 East

57

63 West

110 96 N.E.

52

44,

48 58 S.E.

44 39 S.W.

37 44

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N.W.

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Tables of the Ancrage Heights of the Barometer and Thermometer : of the Average Qianiity of Rain for cach. 'eur:

the Slute of the Wind and of the Atmosphere, from 1802 to 1813, toth inclusive.

8

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29.08

Mean height of the barometer 29.707 29.778 29.378 29.86120.6151 29.74029.724 29.529 29.510 29.520429.500 29.60
Mean height of the thermometr 50.381 50.509 50.630 48.00 50.17051.585 50.61:49.25|31.92040.177-18.81 18.07

Quantity of rain fallen 23.318 26.395 34.000 25.000 12.000 25.0001 30.550147.87534.1401 34.400; 30.270 27.680

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No. ofi
State of the Winds.

Days.

ber of days in each year.

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Cloudy
Fair
Rain
Snow and hail
Brilliant

Stute of the Atmosphere.
Meteorological Observations from 1802 to 1813. [April 1,

65
S7
57

33
58
36
69

88
61
33

58
39

26
59

76

60

37

365

365

366

S65

365

365

366

365

365

365

366

365

365

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8.9•

The preceding table will scarcely need 1802 :--819 Aug. 9, 17, 1805: an explanation : the reader will observe June 4 anii 21, ard at 850 June 25,1894: that for 12 years the average height of -821" June 11, 1896 :--93° July 14, the barometer is equal to 29.68 inches ; 1808, and 80° Jane ?.), 1810. of the thermometer 490.91, or very neara

The thermometer was as low as 14 ly 509; that the average quantity of rain Dec. 9, 1802:-10° Jan. 16, 1893:-is equal to 31.8 inches in depth. It should 12° Dec. 24. 130 1:--170 Fels. 2, 1805: be observed, the observations of the first ~-16° Jan. 15, 1907:—159 Jan. 22, seven years were made at Camden Town, and 16° Feb. 15, 1808:---17° Jan. 18, and of the remaining five on the soutb 1809, and 15° Jan. 17, 1810. side of Highgate Hill. Between these In the 12 years the hottest day was two series a remarkable difference will July 14th, 1808, the thermometer being be found in the heights of the barometer, 93°; nothing like this was remeinberedt (see Monthly Mag. vol. xxvii. p. 32,) for before. The coldcst day was Jan. 1ű, the seven years at Camden Town the 1803, the barometer being 10°. average height was 29.786; for the five Highguie.

I. JOYCE. years at Highgate it has been 29.672. In regard to the temperature the average To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, heat for the seven years at Camden Town

SIR, was 50.43; for the five years at Highgate HAVE somewhere seen the question it has been 49.444, making a full degree asked by your correspondient, lii.difference in favour of the warmth of the næus, (page 34 of your number for len lower situation.

bruary) respecting the branches of the It will be seen that though the north scarlet-flowered french bean turning in winds prevail over the south, in the pro a contrary direction to the sun, consiportion of 22 to 15, yet those from the dered, though I cannot now recollect westerly, points and south prevail over where; and I think it was suggested, as the north and easterly winds in the ration the probable cause of ihis appare:t abei. 216 to 149; and the due west to those ration from the usual course of nature, due east as 74 to 37, or 2 to 1.

that the scarlet-flowered French bean The brilliant days exceed those in might be indigenous to some country which there is rain or snow in proportion south of the equator, and that, though of 141 to (110 +15) 125, and the fair removed to the northern hemisphere, it to those that are cloudy and foggy as 54 is still obedient to the course originally to 37.

assigned to it, and curns in that direction The most remarkable Days for Heut which, in its native soil, would be the and Cold during the last Twelve Years. wards the sun.

H. --The thermometer stood at 83° July 3, Kentish Town, March 11, 1814.

MEMOIRS AND REMAINS OF EMINENT PERSONS,

се.

ACCOUNT of the Life and WRITINGS of inspired him with a taste for the natural

BUFFON, lately read to the sitting sciences. of the IMPERIAL INSTITUTE, by the They travelled together through France Count De Cuvier.

and Italy; after which Buffon resided EORGE Louis LECLERK, COUNT several months in England. For the pure G

DE BUFFON, one of the most ce pose of perfecting himself in the English lebrated writers of the eighteenth cen. language, without neglecting the study tury, was born at Montbar, in Burgune of the sciences, he translaicd two dy, on the 7th of September, 1707. lebrated works: Hales' Vegetable Sta. His father, Benjamin Leclerk, was a tics, and Newton's Fluxions. By these counsellor of the parliament of Dijon; translations, and particularly the prefaces and being a man of considerable pro- prefixed to thein, he first made himself perty, could leave to his children, to known to the literary world. His own whom he had given an excellent edu- labours seem at that time to have been cation, the free choice of their profes- devoted to geometry, natural history, sion and mode of life. While yet very and rural economy; on which subjects young, Buffun accidentally formed an he inade a variety of experiments and acquaintance with the Duke of Kingston, investigations, the results of which were, an English nobleman of the same age, from time to time, communicated to the whose tutor, a man of great learning, Academy of Sciences, of which he had

2 II 2

been

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