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TIIE

No. 253.]

APRIL 1, 1814.

[3 of Vol. 37.

As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving their Opinions & Maximum of

Influence and Celebrity, the most extensively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greatest Effect the

Curiosity of thuse who read, whether it be for Amusement or for Instruction ---JOHNSON. Sir Joshua Reynolds, , on being questioned in regard to the cause of the inferiority of counterfeits and imitators,

answered. that their being copyists was of itself a proof of the inferiority of their power, and thac while they continued to be so, it was impossible for thein to attain superiority. ...It was like a man's resolving, to go behind another, aut whilst that resolution lasted, it would be impossible he should ever be an a par with him." NORTHCOTE.

CONTINUATION of the ACCOUNT of the recent ERECTION OF PUBLIC

BUILDINGS in various PARTS of the BRITISH EMPIRE.

THI

THE ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE AT SANDHURST. The Royal Military College is di- surveying; the reconnoitring of ground;

vided into two departments, viz. the disposition and movement of troops senior and juvior. The senior depart- under all the various circumstances of of ment was established at High Wycombe, fensive and defensive war; rules for in the year 1799, (but has recently been estimating the military resources of a removed to Farnhain, in Surrey) for the country; and the German and French purpose of instructing officers in the languages. scientific parts of their

profession, with a There are six professors in this departe view of enabling them better to discharge ment, viz. one mathenialics, &c.; one their duty when acting in the command fortification; two military drawing; one of their regiments, and at the same time French ; one Germap. qualify them for being employed in the Public examinations on points of science quarter-master and adjutant-general's are held half yearly, in presence of the department.

collegiate board, upon which occasion one No officer can be admitted into this or more members of the supreme board, department until he has completed the not being members of the collegiata 21st year of his age, and actually served board, attend. Those officers who have with his regiment as a commissioned offi- gone through the regular course of stu. ser for three years abroad, or four years lies, and have passed that examination at home. Applications for admission by which they may be duly qualified for, must be made to the governor through staff appointments, receive certificates the colonel or commanding officer of the thereof, signed by the board, and sealed regiment to whichøthe individual belongs with the seal of the college. Every candidate, previous to admission, The junior dcpartinent was first esta. must undergo such exainination as may blished at Great Marlow in 1802, (buc be deemed requisite,

has recently been removed to Sandhurst, · The students pay into the funds of the near Bayshot,) to afford a provision for college such sum annually as is deter- the sons of officers who have fallen, or mined by the supreme board of commis- been disabled, in the service of their sioners. The present subscription is country; and the means of education to thirty guineas per annum. They are the sons of those officers who belong to subject to the rules and discipline of the any regular regiments. It consists of four army, as if serving with their regiments. companies, of 103 cadets each. Thex

The studies pursued at this depart- are admitted upon three different esta. ment are as follows:--Mathematics in all blishments, viz. its branches; fortification; gunnery; 1st. Orphan sons of officers who bare castrametation; military drawing and fallen or been disabled in the service,

MONTHLY MAG. No. 253.

Are

198
The New Mint.

[April 1, are allmitted free of expence, except in senior department,“ previous to the cadets bringing the first suit of uniform on iheir receiving commissions from the college; admission, and keeping up their stock of and, according to their proficiency in the linen during their residence at the college. course of studies, they have certificates They are provided with bcard, clothing, of qualifications to serve in the army as and education, by the establishment, officers, granted to them by the board of free of charge.

commissioners, in whose presence the 2d. The sons of officers actually examination takes place. serving in regular regiments of the line, The studies pursued at this department who pay a certain suin per annum (from are as follows:-Mathematics ; fortifica. 101. to 601.) according to the rank of their tion; military drawing ; landscape drawfathers.

ing; history, geography, and classics; 3d. The sons of noblemen and gen- French; German; and fencing. tlemen, who pay 1001. per annuin each. There are seven masters of mathema.

Applications for adın ission must be ad- tics; four of fortification; five of military dressed to the governor.--Every candi. drawing; three of landscape drawing; date previous to admission must pass an four of history, geography, and classics ; examination in Latin and Errylish gram.' six of French; one of German; three of mar, and the first four rules of arithe fencing, netic. No candidate can be admitted Gentlemen cadets are allowed to purwho is under thirteen years of age, or

chase commissions at any time during above fifteen.

their continuance at the college ; but no There are examinations held monthly, gentleman cadet can be recommended which are conducted by the professors of for a commission by private interest unthe senior department, to ascertain the 'til ke has' made. 'a certaiń, progress in progress of each cadet, previous to bis re., his studies. moval from one class to anotber. There The splendid buildings at Sandhurst, are alsı) public half yearly examinations represented above, are after designs by upon the saine principle as those at the Mr. SANDERS.

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Tous beautiful building was lately erect It is erected on the scite of the Old «d after a design of Mr. SMIRKE, jun. Victuallong Ilouse, to the east of the and is designed for all those purposes of Tower, and is an extensive building, conage which have usually been carried containing all the inachinery and conve. on in the Tower of London, and at Bir- niences for coining, and also houses for uningtiam. As the building happened to the residence of the principal officers. It be finished just at the time wheni, owing is composed of a long front of stone, conto the diminished value and forced circuio sisting of a ground floor, with two stories lation of Bank of England noies, all spe- above; the whole surmounted by a handcie had disappeared, and also at the time some balustrade. The wings are orna. that the New Custom Ilouse was planned, mented with pilasters, and in the centre it was wittily observed, by some member are several demi-columnis, over which is in the blouse of Commons, that we had a pediment, decorated with the arms of my new mint when we had no money, and England. The porch is covered with a a new custom house when we had no gallery, balustrades, &c. all of the Doric trade!

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SIR,

This building was erected in the years extension of our colonies throughout the 1811-12, by Mr. William Bullock, as habitable world, present such advantages an establishment for the advancement of to this country, that we feel confident, if the science of natural history. In mag. Mr. Bullock's exertions continue to be nitude and expence, it is presumed to be seconded by the public, as they have unparalleled as the work of an individual. bitherto been, he will be enabled to make. The specimens it contaiņs are arranged a collection of natural history, surpas, according to the Linnæap system, and sing any thing of the kind at present in consist of upwards of fifteen thousand existence. species of quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, insecis, sbells, corals, &c. and to the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. have been collected at an expence ex-; ceeding thirty thousand pounds.

enclosed paper

it
was my

inten. The building was designed and executed under the direction of Mr. P. F. preface, for in a publication like yours it ROBINSON. In choosing the Egyptian has always been my opinion that we style, the architect has endeavoured to ought not to dilate, but rather give our afford a correct specimen of that mode projects as concisely as possible; not only of building, of which we have not an. in consideration of the limited space, other in this country.

but because in a company of so many, The museums of France have been readers there is every reason to believe enriched with the spoils of nearly the that a great number have a sufficient porwhole Continent, and the gallery of the tion of sagacity to see at once the probaLouvre contains more treasure in paint. bilities and bearings of any plan, however ing and sculpture, , than perhaps will. slightly binted at; and such is the “ gond ever again be amassed in one collection. ground" we want to sow: for I entertain But though her active and persevering a firm faith that no good hint is ever lost, ruler, desirous of making his capital the that is presented by the press to general centre of every attraction, has contri, society; and on this account I feel it in buted to the Museum Naturale, every be iny indispensable duty to throw any speciinen of natural history, which, in the thoughts, on many subjects, before lie present state of the Continent, could be public, by means of a medium so ready. procured; our unrivalled navy, and the and so useful as I have hithertu found,

2 D2

yours

PLAN.

200
Mr. Cumberland's Plan for

[April 1, yours to be on all occasions where the supporter, and feel no small pleasure in country and the interests of humanity recollecting his consistent and persevere were to be benefited.

ing efforts under apparently insurmountAnd thus indeed, without any prefa- able difficulties, the ruin of his fortune, tory observations, it was going to you, and the destruction of his health, until when a friend, to whom I read the paper, he gained friends among the Friends in suggested, that I ought to answer all pose the city, and laid the foundation of that sible objections that can be thoughi of, noble edifice that will ultimately be teras well by the idle and unfeeling as by minated in the complete emancipation of the humane and reflecting. My answer the Negro race. is no: for in that case we must write a But let me now proceed to my plan: tedious volume, and commence a controversy, instead of trying an experiment, The disposition of the age in this with very probable grounds of success. country is evidently so much in favour One objection, however, I think may be of universal philanthropy, that it may anticipated, because it has already been be considered as a national character. opposed to me. Will not the plan hold istic in every thing that relates to im op encourageinent to those that are fallo mediate sufferings :--the higher classes ing into vicious habits, inasmuch as it ofo supporting charities by their countenance fers them an asylum at last? To this my and moderate contributions; the midreply will be short, and I trust convincing; dling with zeal and generosity; and even

If heavenly joys and pardon are offered the poor contributing often, from their (by our holy religion) to penitence and hard-earned pittances; nay, the soldier amendment, will any one say this is en. (whose small pay is the price of life,) is couraging sin ?-How, then, can it be said known to have joined in sympathy, with that by offering an honourable reward for the genuine feelings of compassion, and honourable conduct on earth, and sincere to have abridged his own allowance in repentance, we encourage young people favour of the children of misfortune. to deviate from the paths of rectitude and In such a country to perceive misery, virtue?

and not to point it out, would be crimiLet the plan, therefore, take its chance nal. No one refuses the office; bac of being supported by publishingit. Time, every one is not always prepared to inand the conducting hand of Providence, dicate how relief may be more effectually may ultimately bring it into practice; I extended to that unhappy class of beings, have lived long enough to have seen great whose sufferings are the bitter fruits of events proceed froni little causes, and their own depravity; originating both cannot forget, that but for Henry Smeath from physical and moral irregularities, man (an obscure individual,) going to the neglect of parents, idleness, personal West Indies to procure the premium of attractions, and the selfish arts employed fered, but never paid, to destroy the Ter. to corrupt and bend them to base purmites, who were devouring the canes, we poses; always used with activity by should not have had even the partial those who, for the gratification of their abolition of the slave trade which we own passions, become the destroyers of now have. His philippics against that that 'sex they were created to protect, Trade at his chambers in Synond's Inn, and to the legitimate enjoyment of whom, with which he invariably concluded the no religion, no governinent, has ever opnumerous lectures on the white ants, that posed any bar, not even where the par. he so long at his breakfasts read gratis to ties were not possessed of the means of people of all ranks in society, first kin. supporting a family. dled, as I well know, the reflection on the Hence it is manifest, that females owe public mind of the infamy of that unman. their seduction from chastity generally ly, unchristian, traffic.

to the acarice of men, who seek the Llis motive, I remember, it was then said gratification of their passions at what was resentment for the scandalous fraud they esteem a cheap rate; although every practised on him by the planters, in quibe one in the end is destined to feel sebling on the letter of their offer, when he verely, that, either in health, purse; rebiad answered their purposes. His voice putation, or the stings of conscience, he was unnecessarily loud; his manner coarse must at last dearly pay for these attempts and violent; but his facts were incontro to avoid the dictates of nature, and vertible, and his humanity indisputable. evade those of society, whatever be the I could not help seeing under his rough course he takes, out of the legal one of outside, a heart that did honour to human conjugally connecting himself with the nature, was bis early convert and ready female sex. To go into arguments to.

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show the folly independently of the sin again abandoned to the wide world, and of such a conduct would einploy, and all the miseries of remorse, distress, and well deserve a volume, even after all that insult. That the younger part of these has been written to persuade men that unhappy females would gladly quit a “honesty is the hest policy." The fact, life so humiliating, so uncertain in its unhappily, is so; the question is now emoluments, and which continually subonly, how we can best repair the evil con, jects them to the arbitrary will of others; sequences of these dangerous irregula- (even of those of their own sex, with rities, and if a better mode than that whom, for the conunon purposes of life, hitherto employed might not be easily they are necessitated to associate;) there adopted.

can be no dispute, speaking generally: The object I have in view is, the les. that to be restored to society on the sening the number of that disgraceful footing of others, they would make albody of conimon prostitutes, who, to the most any sacrifice, the experience of dishonour of a Christian community, those who have carefully enquired daily openly parade our cities; and who, pro- proves: but the despair of ever attaining vided they are well-clad, unblushingly such a situation, inay be easily supposed walk the streets, and lobbies of the the to accompany the wish, when even those, atre; and communicate, without inter. who most of all desire to serve them, ruption, depravity and diseases that are know not how to overcome the innamera to descend to our future generations; in able obstacles which pride, prejudice, their turn, taking ample vengeance on levity, even virtue, place in the way! that sex, who, forgetting their duties and Shunned by their own relations from reall moral rectitude, cruelly prepared sentment for the shame brought on them, their destruction, in defiance perhaps of and repelled even by the virtuous, from the pleadings of youth, beauty, and in. a false sense of shame ; despised by men nocence.

because their ruin is too complete; The great cure for these evils in a shunned by their seducers as objects state, would be to consider cohabitation they are satiated with; preyed on by as matrimony, and to compel every man their own sex for profit; hunted by the to maintain the female he had seduced. civil power; disease, punishment, an

But since the pecuniary interests hospital, a jail, ever before them; their of families bave hitherto prevented any health decaying, their beauty fading, community from enacting so just a law, (that fair and fatal fruit that has wrought and no-pation has yet had the courage death into their hearts;) consider all to make laws, even to punish, with the these motives, and let any one ask severity he deserves, the seducer of himself, is among these most unhappy females, it only remains for those who creatures, created by the cruelty of man, are true patriots and christians, to en. there can be any who would not gladly quire by what means they may be able shake off all this impurity and sorrow to to diminish the sad consequences of this be again a respected member of that deplorable evil, and to exert themselves society she now disgraces, and daily in. in the laudable pursuit, unawed by the jures to hier own personal injury. sneers of the prejudiced, or the ridicule Grant us but this, and we ask no more, of the unfeeling.

to enable us to prove that this end may, · The object of the writer of this paper, without much difficulty, be obtained, is a radical cure, not a palliative; he has anci lundreds restored to their fainilies, 'observed with pleasure, the execution of themselves, their country, and the Chrism many plans of reform, and highly ap- tian church; becoming, probably, good plauds their exertions; but he knows wives, tender mothers, and useful mein. also, that, for physical reasons, there can

bers of the state: for a female, once embe no absolute dependance on the con. barked in this degrading commerce, may tinuance of these reformed in the path truly be said to have cast away hope. of rectitude, beset as they are by their along with shame; she knows that it is own gratified passions, and the continual nut a permanent maintenance, even in assault of the other sex: for should any the beginning, and affords no prospect one, won by their decent conduct, or but absolute want in the future, even, beauty, offer them marriage, they must should life be prolonged against proba. either disclose a secret that would wound bility. Any one, therefore, who pre. their reputation, and perhaps defeat the sents her with the olive branch of peace. end; or live all their lives in fear of a from society, must be hailed as a real gliscovery, which would terminate their friend, and received with gratitude, espepeace, and probably expose them to be cially if she is not far advanced in her

thoughtless

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