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[March 1, view liis exemplary conduct in the discharge The happy conviction that such reflections of every private dnty, they will find it to inust pro luce, aided by a proper resignahave been invariably regulated by a strict tion to the all-wise deci ions of Omnipoand honorable principle, seconded by the tence, will no doubt assist to soften their amiable impulse of an affectionate heart. l'lgrei, and mit:gate their grief.
CATARR Licus Acutus
2 1 3
1 . 1
REPORT OF DISE. ES,
From November 25, 1813. to Hibruary 24, 1814.
1 Arthriticus. 2 Gastrodynia
3 Fnierodynia Tussis et Dyspnea -45 | ys: ieria
3 Tiemoptoe 10 Diarrhoea
5 Peripneumonia.. 5 Nephralgia
1 Bronchitis Açıtır
3 Ischuria Asthenica.
* Dysuria Asthma
8 Ascites Pertussis
6 Asthenia Pletrodyne
3 Cephalalgia Phthisis Pulzionalis
5 ) Vertis o Scrofula
2 | Hemiplegia Marasmus
2 | Epilepsia Abdomen Tumidum
1 Niania Morbi Infantiles
12 Phreuitis Synochus
1 Syncope Typhus.
Hypochondriasis Cynanche 3 | Hysteria
2 | Abortio... Urticaria 1 Amenorrhoa
1 Leucorihaa... Several of the diseases now enumerated have been influenced, if not altogether occasioned, by the state of the weather, which has not only been particularly see vere, but accompaniesi by phenomena mimical to health. The frost has continned, with very short intervals of remission, from December to the present time. Fogs of unnsual density and long duration liave prevailed. Easteriy winds have annoyed the healthy, and much affected the sick; short, a more distressing season has rarely occurred.
Catarrhal and bronchial complaiats were observed to be more than usually prea valent the latter end of November; they somewhat declined the beginning, but auga mented towaids the enil, of December, and endure with unabated severity through January; at present thiey have somewhat subsided. Asthma has proved very violent in some individuals, whilst others, who in general suffer much when the atmosphere is humid, lave escaped. Hemiplegia has affected some persons in whom, from their youth and temperate habits, it would not have been expected.
In a case of bilious discase the patient was obliged to take calomel and active. purgatives almost daily for a fortnicht, before the excretions began to assume a natural condition. The subject of the complaint was a merchant in extensive business, and of course extremely anxious to recover speeddily. This anxiety, so common and natura', is highly prejudicial, and tends to reiard recovery. In the case in question the pulse was generally from 100 to 119, ihongh 10 other indication of febrile diathesis was present. I have seen such cases treated as severs. The patient was na.. turally irritable, and tormented himself with suspecting he suffered complaints that did not even threaten him. The only danger was that these feelings should increase. so as to become a primary consideration. The state of the liver and intestines, however, improving, every unpleasant symptom disappeared. I have observed similar circumstances on several occasions, and have no doubt that mental derangement, when the tendency to it begins to be obvious, may sometimes be prevented by attending to the condition of the alvine excretions. Craven-street, Feb. 25, 1814.
CHEMICAL REPORT. been confirmed by a letter from Sir Humphry Davy, now in Paris, to Sir Joseph
and ilue Banks, that the discovery of an important new body has been announced to the French National Institute, by M. Courtois. This substance is obtained from kelp, and at the
temperature of 1584 it assumes the state of a gas which is of a deep violet colour. Oxu ygen and carbon exert no action on it; but, when combined with hydrogen, it produces muriatic acid; and, it is said, that the same product is also formed by the agency of phosphoras upon it. Its combinations with the metals take place without the evolution of any gas ; with the metallic oxides its compounds are solubie in water, and viih ammonia a new detonating substance is formed. But to what particular class of budies this very extraordinary one should be relerred, we are at present quite unable to point out, and must wait for the next arrival of the French Philosophical Journals, for inore accurate intelligence upon the subject.
A new vegetable principle has been detected in the Cocculus Indiens, or In«lian Berry, a substance sufficiently well-known to fishermen, who often use it m their ground bait for the purpose of intoxicating, or otherwise disabling their prey, and thus by causing them to ascend to the surface of the water, rendering their capture more easy. This principle has been denominated Picrotoxine, and is that on which depend the peculiar deleterious properties of the Cocculus Indicus. It is of a white colour when pare, and is crystallizable. It is easily soluble in alco!', but very sparingly so in water. Strong sulphuric acid, vinegar, anıt the alkalies, also dissolve it, as does nitric acid, by which, with the agency of heat, it is converted into oxali acid.
The matter to which sattron owes its beautiful colour, is likewise said by Bouillon, Lagrange, aud Vogel, 10 be a distinci vegetable principle. It is obiained by digesting an aqueous extract of saffron in alcohol, whicli, upon being evaporated, leaves behind this matter in a state of purity. It is of course easily soluble, boun in alcohol and water ; and its solution, when exposed to light, or the action of uwymuriatic acid, becomes colourless. But its most aistinguishing property, and from which its name Polychroite has originated, is that of being changed, from its deep yellow colour, to an interise blue, by the addition of su.phuric acid, and to a green by nitric acid.
An ingenious bleacher on the continem has lately been enabled to turn out thread of an exquisite degree of wluteness, by simply boiling it with well-bu'nt charcoal, in the proportion of 1,400 ells of the former, and 3 ounces of the latter: and we are a little sun prized that the many very useful properties possessed by charcoal, as an agent upon dead animal and vegetable maiter, are not mcre extensively made use of in our numerons ma. pufactories at home.
A new vegetable acid has been procured from the boletus psendo-igniarius, by Braconnot, which he has accordingly called boletic acid, and which in many respects re.. sembles the other vegetable acids, except a being volatile when heated like benzoic acid.
Our knowledge of the composition of the various animal fluids, has been much increased by the labours of Professor Berzelius. This accurate and mdefarigable chenist has proved, that blood does really contain a potable proportion of iron, but that it is in no degree the cause of its red colour, üs has been supposed by Fourcroy and others. He has clearly shown, that the animal Anids owe their distinctive character to substances which are peculiar to them alone. Thus bile contains a principle perfectly different from everything else which has accordingly been designated by the name of biliary matter; and, in like manner, saliva possesses its peculiar salivary matter.
In other respects, most of these flaids are composed of the same ingredients, combined together in different proportions.
A foundation for a most important revolution in the hitherto received doctrines of heat, proposed by Black, Lavoisier, and Irvine, has been atforded by the ingenious and elaborate experiments which were instituted to deternine the specific heat of the different gases, by M. M. Delaroche and Berard. But the apparatus which these gentle Inen employed, was necessarily so very complicated, and the esperiinents themselves so very nice and intricate, that we must here be content merely to say, that they completely enabled their ingenious authors to attain the object for which they were undertaken ; for, were we to attempt an outline of them, we should unavoidabiy prove nnintelligible.
To such a prodigious-extent has the power of producing artificial coid been lately increased, that we have now the means of freezing even alcohol itself. This, it is said, may be effected by condensing to a great degree the air in the vessel which contains the alcohol to be frozen, and then, having previously exposell it to a strong frigorific mixture, permitting the air to escape from it as suddenly as possible. It has long been known that, during the condensation of air, a considerable quantity of sensible heat is constantly evolved, and it is surprising, that the very simple process, just described, which is naturally suggested by this faci, has never been before empioyed.
Mr. BRANDE has lately shewn, by experinients before the Royal Society, that the phenomenon of more heat being conmuuiared to the negative bali of'two electrified balls, between which a lighted candle is placed, arises from the same cause that the negative end of the voltaic battery attracts combustibles ; and that the carbonaccous matier of the fiame conveys the heat to the negative ball. It appeared, however, that flames produced by other substances heated the positive all in a higher degree.
A lectureship in mineralogy has been endowed by the Crown, at Oxford, and Mr. BUCKLAND, of Corpus, bas been appointed the first lecturer.
[ 194 )
[March 1, MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT. OTTON.-There continues to be much interest excited as to the prices of Cotton; force sales were said to be made, 400 bags; Pernams at 35., Maranhams and Bahias ai 25. 96., Suats at 214. and 22d., and 200 Pernams sold at 3s.; 150 Bengals 18d., several yarce's rif the latter offering at the same price the following day, and about 1100 bales were purchased; some very ordinary at 16 d. and 17d. ; there was a renewed demand immediatciy in the market, and 500 bags were sold at 184). and 18 d. ; 4.00 Pernams 35., aw 500 Bahias 25. 100:
Lirerpool.-During the rate: part of the last week there was very little doing in cottons; the mariet extremely weavy, and some tew sales were making privately at low prires ; birt witing the last day or two many of the Manchester dealers have been here, and prices have advanced, particularly Brazils, about id. per lb. Nothing is by however, on speculation.
Spices.- There continues to be considerable interest excited as to the prices likely to be mainta ned, and some fluctuation continues in the market. Pepper can be stated at little variation). 170 bag, Pimento in the sale of last week, the rates realized for the best quality in the sale 167, anul 10 d. Mace and Nutme, lower. Cinnamon in request at our quotations,
Silk.---Bengals may be stated ať a premium fiom 81. to 101. on the last sale ; the inferior qualities of the thrown more advanced thin the better descriptions.
Hemp, Flax, and Talloır.- The prices of Hemp and Flax Call only be nominally given ; the partial sales that a:e effected are on su very limited a scale that it cannot be mentioneti as a market price. Tallow maintains the late rates, and some of the holders des manding so high as 110s. for yellow candle tallow; but the sales have of late been very limited.
Cvals.- Newcastle--Bishop Main; Hebburn Main 65s. 9d.; Heaton 65s. 6d.; Walls End Rewicke 65s. 6il. to 655. 9d.; Walls End Manor 63s. ; Walls End Temple 65s. 6d. ; Willing on näs. to 658. 31. ; Welsh 70s.
Provisions.--There is much fluctuation in the prices of Provisions. The sales of Beef have been rather considerable at our lowest quotations, yet some of the holders continue very sanguine, and expect an advance on the highest rate.---Pork may be mentioned nearly undej the same circumstances.--The Butter market lias contiued extremely brisk, and the prices advancing:
Sugars.-Tlie regnest for British Plantation Muscovades continued very languid during the last week; the prices could be stated at little variation. The general languor of the London markets may be attributed to several causes, to the high prices preventing the usual consumption are export.
Caffee. There continues to be great fluctuation in the prices of Coffee ; the languid demand, and the very considerable depression, occasioned the withdrawing of two very extensive sales which had been previously advertised.
Rum.-The demand for Rum has been very steady, though not on an extensive scale; the prices are little varied.
Dye-woods.-The demand for Dye-woods continues.
Tobucco.—The exportation of Tobacco continues to be very considerable; the demand is not extensive, the prices invaried.
A letter from New York to a gentleman at Bristol, dated Nov. 16, 1813, states that “the cotton factories are increasing very much in this country. A manufactory which works by steam twenty thousand spindles, for spinning fine twist np 10 No. 100, is just opened here, and several more for spinning fine twist are about to be established. It is lighted by the Winsor gas. The woollen factories are also increasing very fast, and the quantity of Merino wool raised in this country is beyond conception. The wool is found not to degenerate, but on the contrary to improve. The atte:stion of the farmers is now so devoted to the raising of Merino wool, that the markets suffer from the want of butter and cheese."
Prices of Merchandize, Fib. 26.
£. s. d. of. s. d.
( per cwt.
ditto, Cotton, West India, common
2 4 per lh. Demerara
0 2 10 ditto. Flax, Riga
o per ton. Hops, new, Pockets
00 per cwt. Bays
10 0 ditto. Iron, British, Bars
14 10 O pei ton.
£. $. d. £. s. d. Iron, British, Pigs
8 0 0 to 9 O 0 Oil, sallad
SO 0 O per half chest. Galipoli
105 0 0
0 0 0
per ton. Rags, Hamburgh
2 13 0
2 16 0 per cwt. Italian, fine
3 12 0
0 0 0 ditto. Silk, China
1 5 0
1 9 o per lb.
6 0 0
30 per cwt.
6 16 0 ditto.
6 2 0 >
6 16 0
diito. lump, fine
8 18 ()
ditto. Spices, Cinnamon
0 0 Cloves
6 ditto. Nutmegs
0 Cito. -, Pepper, black
0 1 9
1 9 ditto.
4 19 6
0 0 o per cwt. Russia yellow
5 10 0
(litto, Tea, Bohea
0 2 5
() 2 8 per lb.
120 () per pipe. Port, old
i 20 0 0 125 0 0 ditto. Prices of Bullion, per oz.-
Portugal Goid, in coin, 51. 105.; in bars, 51. 85.-Silver, in bars, standard, 6s. 11 d.
At Messrs. Wolfe and Co.'s Canal Office, No. ?, Change Alley, Cornhill; Commer. cial Dock shares fetch 1401. per share.---West India ditt, 1601.--The Grand Junction CANAL shares fetch 2331. per shaie.- The Grand Surv, so1.--And the Lei. cester Union, 1101.-The East London WATER-WORKS, 631.-"he Grand Junction 501.-And the West Middlesex, 321.---The Albion INSURANCE OFFICE shares retch 431.-The Globe 1121.-- And the Imperial 151.
The 3 per cent. cons. on the 26tu were 701; 5 per cent. 974; new omninm, 27.
MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT.
half of it may be finished upon such in most parts of the south. Farmers are anxiously waiting for the breaking up of the frost, when, with favourable weather. the lands may be expected to work in the most perfect state, and the seeding business to go on with rapidity. The threshing machine bas, during a long time, been frequently recured to, chiefly with the view of employing the labourers. Forward plase luok well, and in general all the crops upon the ground. The wheats are a full plant, and although they appear sickly in colour, from the effects of the cold upon untrained and chilled soils, and in greatly exposed situations, there is little donbt of their perfect recovery, in a genial spring, which may be reasonably expected to succeed the present severe season, and, with the blessing of a good bloon.ing time, another large wheat crop may be looked for,
The straw yard in a good state, and the cattle healthy ; but turnips short and mostly decayed, from the severity of the weather, even in many instances where the roots were drawn and stored, but with insufficient care. Swedish inmnips have geDerally resisted the frost, with some exceptions. The slieep have lambed very sticcessfully, excepting where exposure to the severity of the frost has destroyed the lambs, and this misfortune has taken place to some extent, though by no means to that of former days. The incessant importunity of writers oa husbandry, through so many years, lias at length prevailed on a number of the farmers, of all the well-managed districts, both of North and South Britain, to protect their feep from the rigours of winter; and their exo ample, it is hoped, will become general, with respect to other animals as well as sleep. Cattle markets, exorbitantiy high. Store pigs, said never to have been so scarce and dear, reported to be worth 16s. per stene, of 8!b.; wools, still rising.
Smithfield: Beef 6s. 4d. to 7s. 8d.--Mutton 65. 10. 6s. 60.--Veal 79. to 9s.-Lamb 20s. to 25s. per quarter.-Pork 7s. to 9s. 6d.-Bacon 8s. 80.--Irisli dittu 7s. 1d. to 7s. 80.-Fat 6s. 8d. -Skins 30s. to 70s.--Oil cake 101. 165.--Potatoes 41. to 51.--Chat ditto 21, to 21. 10s.
Coru Exchange: Wheat 46s. to 785.-Barley 30s. to 425-Oats 115. to $45.The quartern loaf 12d. - Hay 41. tu 51. 55.-Clover uitto 5l. to 71. 75.-Straw 11. 12s. to 21. gs.
 METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. Barometer.
Thermometer. Highest 30.88 Feb. 18. Wind East. Highest 48°. Feb. 12 & 13. Wind West. Lowest 27.97 Jan. 29. N.W. Lowest 189. 24th,
- East. [ This variation
on the morning nuary, the mer
of the 18th the merGreatest) 96-hun
cury falling from
Greatest 28.93 to 27.97 ;
cury was as low as variation in dredths of
variation in and between
14o. 209, and at the 24 hours, an inch,
same hour on the that evening and the rest thie rise
next day it stood at of the mercury
was N.W. We have no occasion again to notice the small quantity of rain that is fallen; and though the snow still lies on mariy parts of the country where it was drifted, or where it was thrown up in riilges to obtain passazes for curiages, yet there has been very little fallen during the last month The aveather has not only been dry, but the atmosphere has been very clear; of the thirty-one days, nineteen have been set down as brilliant. On two or tirée, las been a little rain, and one valy is marked as forgy.
The average height of tim barometer is 295, nearly: that of the thermometer, 334.16, which is exceedingly low. Dace, ús is noted above the mercury, in the barometer, was under 284, which is someiliing !ower can we ever witnessed it: the fall was rapid, and, ar is almost uniformly the case, the rise was equally rapid. At its very low state, it is never long stationary, scarcely, we suspect, an hour'; whereas, when it rises gradually to its greatest heischt, it will be stationary, or nearly so, for days together.
We have heard the accuracy of the last Report called in question, respecting the lowest degree of cold experience in this place: we have serb accounts in tlie Liverpool Mercury, and in other provincial papers, which have stated the thermometer to have been as low as 30, or 33, or 4 degrees below the freezing point, which seems to justify the accounts of those who, in the neighbourhood of the metropolis, have given the lowest points at 59, 70, 99, &c. What has happened in the north of England we know not, but in and near London, we still believe it never was so low as what has been stated, unless the instrament were subject to a peculiar degree of moisture and evaporation, by an eddy of winds. Cold winds, in gevjera!, without evaporation, produce very little effect on the thermometer. We have enqmed at the Royal Society, and find that the lowest degree of cold registere<l at that place, during the winter, has been 15°, which corresponds with the observations on the south side of Highgate Hill; and we understand, upon good authority, that the thermometer kept at Sir Josepi Banks's house, has been at no time much lower than this.
TO CORRESPONDENTS, &c. As it may be presumed thut the plan of COMMON SENSE, at page 133, &c. will be acted upon more or less, we have printed an «xtra Number of this Magazine, to meet the desire that is likely to arise for the general perusul and preservation of that Paper. We shall be glad to receive from some of our Nuthematical Correspondents, a detuiled set of Tables udupted to the use of the Societies thrcin proposed.
Several enquirers are informed, that we are anxious to receive Drawings of all new Buildings, with appropriate descriptions. We are pleased to find that this new feature of our work has excited so urirersal (in irterest.
Our old friends unil Correspon lents will be gratificd to learr., that the commencement of a Nero Ytar has been distinguished by the same ang mcntation of our sale that we have usually experienced for strendur years past. This single fuct speaks volumes in reply to renal and bigoítri curuiniutors, and is conclusive in regard to the genuine opinions of the intelligent pari of the public.
Dir. PILGRIM's and Mr. LOFFT's pupers came to hand too late in this short mouth.
EYRAT 1.--In the first paragraph of the paper of COMMON SENSE, at p. 133, dele the first herefe : air in the note, p. 137, dele the wor is, on any scule,
M. Fisk: desi esi" to say, that for the chance of drawing 10 black balls, it is neces. sary to the 8.1.9 ti!?ls, instead of 21.
In i»r. Dick's paper, at page 19, col. 1, for Naliorul Institution, read Rational Institution,