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THE FORUM.

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VOL. XXXIII.

MARCH—June, 1902.

NEW YORK:

THE FORUM PUBLISHING COMPANY.

COPYRIGHT, 1901,
BY THE FORUM PUBLISHING COMPANY.

PRE88 OF
THE PUBLISHERS' PRINTING COMPANY
82, 84 LAFAYETTE PLACE

NEW YORK

CONTENTS.

The Proposals of the Interstate Commerce Commission

W. D. HINES 3

Some Remarkable Russian Engineering Projects

R. E. C. LONG 15

The Duties of a Minister to China

Hon. CHARLES DENBY 27

The True Functions of a Great University

PROF. G. T. LADD 33.

Employers' Liability in the United States

PROF. A. A. BRUCE 46

Why the Chinese Should
be Excluded

HON. TRUXTUN BEALE 53

Why the Chinese Should be Admitted

Hon. R. HUTCHESON 59

German Industrial Corporations and the Forcing of Markets W. BERDROW 68

The Merit System in Porto Rico

PROF. J. H. HOLLANDER 77

Ambassadors of Trade

JAMES GUSTAVUS WHITELEY 85

The Primary Election Movement

ALBERT WATKINS 92

The Consolidation of Schools and the Conveyance of Children,

CLARENCE E. BLAKE 103

Fire and the Forest Reserves

CHARLES S. NEWHALL 109

The Educational Value of World's Fairs WILLIAM ORDWAY PARTRIDGE 121

The Example of the Malay States

SYDNEY BROOKS 131

The Amendment of the Interstate Commerce Act, and Railroad Pooling,

WILLIAM A. ROBERTSON 143

Promotion in the Army

MAJOR JOHN H. PARKER 151

Shall the United States Lease its Grazing Lands?

JOHN P. IRISH 160

The Disintegration and Reconstruction of the Curriculum PROF. G. T. LADD 165

The Boer in Battle

EDWARD B. ROSE 179

Preservation of Large Game

EARLEY VERNON WILCOX 188

The Anglo-Japanese Alliance

A. MAURICE LOW 196

Prince Henry's Visit .

PROF. PAUL S. REINSCH 207

Proposed Amendments to the Constitution

HENRY LITCHFIELD WEST 213

Our Chaotic Education

PROF. Paul H. HANus 222

Is England Being Americanized ?

HERBERT W. HORWILL 235

Women at German Universities.

MARTHA KRUG GENTHE 243.

The Polish Problem in Prussia

WOLF VON SCHIERBRAND 259

The Degradation of the Professorial Office .

PROF. G. T. LADD 270

Wage-Earning School Children in England

THOMAS BURKE 283

The Problem of a Pure Milk Supply.

DR. HENRY DwighT CHAPIN 293

The Example of French Industrial Art Schools

JACOB SCHOENHOF 297

The Registration of Title to Real Property

Hon. W. C. MAINS 310

Our Industrial Position in the World

HENRY GANNETT 316

Our Public Untidiness

PROF. A. D. F. HAMLIN 322

Taxation and Business in Italy

WOLCOTT CALKINS 333

Comparative Pension Systems

FREDERICK FENNING 346

The Negro and Higher Learning

PROF. W. S. SCARBOROUGH 349

The Forum

MARCH, 1902.

THE PROPOSALS OF THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE COM

MISSION

The only vital legislation demanded by the Interstate Commerce Commission is the grant to it of the power to prescribe and make effective, without resort to the courts, all the interstate rates, classifications, and practices to be observed by rail and rail and water carriers in the United States, so far as it may choose to exercise that power. While all the other amendments recommended by the Commission are simply along the lines of the present act, the amendment granting this power to prescribe rates, classifications, and practices would be a radical departure from, and a complete abandonment of, present methods of regulation, and would constitute a scheme of governmental control identical with that which, after careful examination, was rejected by Congress at the time of the enactment of the present law, as being unwise and impracticable. This amendment would make the Commission the most powerful institution in the Federal Government.

Support for this far-reaching innovation has been secured by a long and vigorous campaign, which was initiated by the Commission, and which has received its constant encouragement. This campaign has produced the most remarkable misconception and confusion, due in part to the Commission's inaccurate declarations as to the effect of the present law, and in part to its failure to enforce that law to the extent of its ability and in accordance with its manifest duty.

The prolonged activity of the Commission in trying to develop a public sentiment in favor of its rate-making ambition has been charac

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