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lane; but it was always understood “Tale of Mystery," the first, and long that he gained more reputation than considered the best exemplar of its bank stock.

class, was produced at Covent Garden Mr. Phelps, the most celebrat-d Theatre, at the date above named. disciple and follower of the Macreally It took the town by storm, ran thirtyschool, by the force of individual seven nights, was acted in every talent and perseverance, converted theatre in the kingdom, and conthe spectacle-loving, and peculiarly tinued a stock favourite for many aquatic audience of Sadler's Wells years. If revived now, it would, in into fervent worshippers of Shake- all probability, be considered a tame speare. He too retired, and why? affair. The author, Thomas Holcroft, Was it that he had exhausted his was a voluminous writer of plays and repertoire, or that he found the returns novels, and attained a considerable ina lequate to the cost and labour? literary reputation. But he studied

Mr. C. Kean's restorations of Shake- and admired the wild theories of the speare at the Princess's are too rerent French Revolution, and found tinie to require elaborate comment. What to become a political demagogue on a ever might be the exceptional carp- small scale, and an incipient radical. ings of personal prejudice or pique, The most notable action of his life--ill or well founded, public opinion, except perhaps, his courage in marryin an overwhelming majority, pro- ing four wives-was his voluntary surnounced them to be the most perfect render to the indictment for high scenic exhibitions that had ever been treason, preferred against him in the submitted to public judgment, when autumn of 1794. Such a step, after considered in their entirety, and with the Grand Jury had decided that the regard to all the complicated attri- accused parties should be tried for butes and appliances of the art thea- their lives, was certainly an impressive trical. But however Mr. C. Kean demonstration of conscious innocence. inay have increased his fame and When Hardy, Horne Tooke, and proved his devotion to high art, we Thelwall had been acquitted, Holhave his own assurance, in his fare- croft and the other eight were diswell speech on resigning management, charged without being put upon their that "the cost had been far too great trial. Our author was fond of oratorfor the limited arena in which it was ical display, and had prepared his incurred,” and that “he had been no own defence, which Galt says, in his gainerin a commercial sense.” Where memoir, “he expected would go down are these glorious illustrations now! to posterity as something wonderful, Buried in the toinb of the Capulets, at least equal to Paul's before and not likely to be disinterred even Agrippa ;" but he had no opportunity if future speculators should combine of delivering it. The other persons the genius and resources of the origi- who were placed at the bar with him, nal reviver. In a few weeks they on being liberated, bowed in silence ceased to be themes of conversation; and retired. But Holcroft was deterin as many months they were for- mined to make a speech, and the ingotten ; and in little more than a dulgent Chief Justice almost conyear, on the same boards, a French sented to hear him ; but he charged actor, with foreign idiom, accent, and half an hour, and was then hustled cadence, drew eighty or ninety over- out of court incontinently. flowing audiences to a representation The conjugation of the verb “to of Hamlet, startling indeed by its degenerate,” in all its moods and novelty and daring, but destitute of tenses, as applied to the dramaticart, is the true Shakespearean essence alike not a tendency of to-day or yesterday. in thought and execution.

The complaint has existed from early On the 13th of November, 1802, periods. When Lord Byron wrote his the British public became acquainted famous satire, “English Bards and with the "sensation melodraina," a Scotch Reviewers," the London boards hybrid of French origin, which soon possessed Mrs. Siddons and the Kembecame indigenous on our soil, and bles, Mrs. Jordan, Miss Duncan, Mrs. has flourished ever since with ex- Glover, Mrs. Gibbs, Mrs. Edwin, panding vigour, until it bids fair to Young, Lewis, Elliston, Bannister, become the type and enduring ex- Liston, Matthews, Emery, Marsden, ponent of our national stage. The Dowton, Jack Johnstone, Fawcett,

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Lovegrove, &c., &c., a galaxy of talent and next-door neighbour. But the
concentrated in two theatres, and im- crowded audiences and the effect pro-
possible to collect together again, duced are palpable facts, in the face
even if it existed, under the free trade of which it is irritating to argue and
system. Yet, in those "palmy days," idle to speculate,
as mourners over the past are prone to We claim to be the foremost nation
designate them, the vagaries of public of the world, and in some respects we
taste or caprice often called for “in- are not without solid grounds for the
explicable dumb shows and noise," pretension. We aspire to take the
and vapid though glittering spectacles, lead in civilization, in education, in
to the exclusion of Shakespeare, Sheri- scientific discovery, in the exercise of
dan, and Congreve. The poet says: all the higher intellectual faculties, in
** Gods! o'er those boards shall Folly rise

the practice of morality and religion,
anal

and in the study of ethical wisdom. her head, Where Garrick trod, and Kemble lives to

Our resources are immense, and being tread?

at profound peace, we travel where On those shall farce display buffoonery's we please, and obtain access to all the mask,

masterpieces of genius, ancient and And Hook conceal his heroes in a cask ?* modern, which cultivated minds deShall sapient managers new scenes pro- light to study, and the examination duce

of which imparts a refined sentiment From Cheevy, Skeffington, and Mother of the graceful and beautiful which

Goose;
While Shakespeare, Otway, Massinger

otherwise might never have been forgot,

uger called into exercise. Yet in spite of On stalls must moulder, or in closets all

all these advantages and opportunities, rot ?"

we cannot justly call ourselves a peo

ple of lofty and purified taste in the But it was not the managers who fine arts, and all that belongs to them. were in fault. They yielded to the We build churches, grotesque rather pressure from without, and the dimin- than inposing, and of no decided or ishing balance at the bankers. uniform style of architecture; our

During the season, now advancing to legislative palaces, profuse in ornaits close, nearly every theatre in Lon- ment, but crumbling in chronic decay don has been handed over to the pre- before they are finished. Our public vailing mania for sensation melo- monuments-and foremost amongst dramas, many of which are not even them stands the National Gallery--are favourable specimens of the genus but too often unsightly masses in unthey represent. They are too much suitable localities. Our paintings are tainted by the leaven of immorality, spoiled by the ruthless restorer, or the philosophy of the Dumas, Paul de thrust into corners where there is Kock, and George Sandschools, which "no light, but darkness visible :" and sometimes is not palpable on the sur- although we have still a few good face, and so the poison creeps in until actors, and a national drama in rewe are infected beyond cure, without serve, of unequalled variety and brilpremonitory symptoms. The“ Dun- liancy, all are sacrificed to exciting dreary" anomaly at the Haymarket but debasing translations from the is an exception exclusively sui generis, French, or to the theatrical concocbeyond classification, and the really tions of an ephemeral novel. "unparalleled” success of which must Even now, we see by daily adverhave equally astonished the manager, tisements and paragraphs, that limited the actor, and the audience. It seems liability companies are invited to form unaccountable that the numerous themselves for the erection of addifamily “of that ilk” should fill the tional theatres, with increased accomtheatre night after night, to witness modation, in Holborn, the Haymarket, the display of their own helpless and Pimlico; and in all probability, the inanities, each fancying that the plans, one and all, will be carried out. caricature he so highly enjoys is a In England, as Sir Charles Coldstream veritable portrait of his dear friend says, if you want to build a St. Peter's,

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* The leading incident in Theodore Hook's melodrama of " Tekeli." "A new asylum," Lord Byron says, “for distressed heroes." VOL. LXI.-NO. CCCLXVI.

48

you have only to name a committee, his sleeve at the hyperbolical nonsense. open a list of subscribers, meet at a He felt that the manager depended dinner, and the thing is done. These on the public, and never lost sight of new theatres will, doubtless, follow in the axiom. When Sir John Fielding the wake of the others, and “sensa- asked him to discontinue the “Begtion spectacles," with stupendously gar's Opera," which, he said, filled his new and hitherto unheard-of effects, office with thieves and pickpockets, will continue to be the order of the Garrick replied that it filled his treaday, until their temperature exceeds sury, which was a clear proof that the that of the boiling springs of Geyser, people liked it; and when some furand the whole evaporate together in ther conversation took place on the a blaze of spontaneous combustion. subject, he observed, insolently

And how is all this to be checked enough, that he would dramatize the or reformed ? Again and again we“ Pilgrim's Progress” if he thought say, the managers cannot do it. The it was wanted. This flippant remark public engendered the evil, and the being repeated, perhaps with addipublic alone can cure it. They might tions, led to comments not to his adbe in some degreeled thereto by news- vantage; and Garrick, ever tremblingpaper criticism, if newspaper criti. ly alive to censure, said it was a mere cism were as wholesome as it might post-prandial joke, without any sebe made, in an age when there are so rious meaning, and ought not to have many able journals, read by all who been repeated. If every man's tablecan read, and so much literary talent talk were to be set up as the standard of a high order engaged in their service. by which to estimate his serious charBut theatrical articles are seldom acter and intentions, we might truly written con amore, or with careful exclaim with honest Falstaff, “Heaven thought and deliberation. They merge help the wicked.” too often into routine, and are dashed Garrick smiled complacently on off in a hurry to meet the morning Whitehead, invited him to his select issue, and are seldom so elaborately parties, listened with suppressed dedigested as to assume the character of light and affected modesty when his a lecture or analysis, calculated to ode was read, and acted his two heavy instruct the novice or check the errors tragedies of the “Roman Father" of the profession. We have living cri- and “Creusa," supported by himself, tics as able and as acute as the Haz- Barry, Mossop, and Mrs. Pritchard. letts and Hunts of a former day, but But he knew there was superior truth the system admits of much improve- in the prologue he had so often rement tending to the most beneficial peated, of his surly friend and moniresults.

tor, Samuel Johnson, and with the When Whitehead, the poet laureate, concluding lines of which, as equally addressed his fulsome panegyric to applicable to the audiences of 1863, Garrick, containing these lines-- we close our article :

“A nation's taste depends on you, "Hard is his lot who here by fortune Perhaps a nation's virtue too,”

plac'd,

Must watch the wild vicissitudes of taste; it was no wonder that the wicked sa

With every meteor of caprice must play, tirist, Foote, clapped his wings, and And chase the new-blown bubbles of the crowed out,

day. “ Cock a doodle doo !"

Ah ! let not censure term our fate our

choice; Garrick swallowed the flattery. He

The stage but echoes back the public

voice: was cormorant enough to have digest

The drama's laws the drama's patrons ed even a stronger dose ; but he had

give, been too long a manager not to know For we who live to please must please to better than that, and he laughed in live."

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Abhrain an Bhuideil; A Song By Hya- Crimean War; Review of Mr. Kinglake's
cinth Con Carolan, 284.

Volumes, 259.
Adventure, An Indian, 564.

Critics, Shakespeare's, 3.
Agricultural Change and Manufacturing Cruise about British Columbia, A, 482.

Promise in Ireland, 238.
American Press, The Character of the, 365. Death of Voltaire, 168.
Annals, Family—Patrician Adventure and Denmark, the Isles of; Customs of the
Catastrophe, 324.

People, &c., 499.
Art Writing ; Old Styles, 316.

Dr. D'Aubigne's Genevan Volumes, re-

viewed, 568.
Ballad Poetry of Ireland, An Essay on,

Duan na Claev, a Legend in Verse, by

Hyacinth Con Carolan, 210.
442.
Battle of the Alma, The, 272.

Failure and Vices of the English Convict
BELLA DOxna; or, the Cross before the
Name. A Romance.-Chap. I., The Sun-

System, 116,
Fairy Drama, A, by T. Irwin, 461.

Fair
day Feast : Chap. II., Jenny Bell ; Chap. Family Annals, 324.
U.. The Rev. Charlton Wells; Chap. From Jaffa to Jerusalem, 477.
IV., A Duet ; Chap. V., In the Drawing-
room; Chap. VI., Mr. Franklyn's Sanc-

Genevan Republic, the Earlier Heroes of,
tum, page 273. Chap. VII., Jenny Bell

and their Story, 568.
outcast: Chap. VIII., Domestic Battle ; Genius. Voltaire's, examined, 93.
Chap. IX., Surrender; Chap. X., Jenny's George Stephenson, his Biography, 405.
Wanderings, page 391. Chap. XI., A

A Glimpses of Brittany, 286.

CI
Distracted cleric; Chap. XII., Mr.

Mr. Greek and Eastern Art, by Dr. Pentagram,

Cros
Crowle; Chap. XIII., “The Sensible 315,-
Girl ;" Chap. XIV., “Charlotte versus Gresset, La Bruyere, and Rochefoucauld,
Jenny," page 529. Chap. XV., “ By"

399.
Little and Little;” Chap. XVI., The Growth of British Journalism, 361.
Cross before the Name! Book the Se-
cond-Chap. I., Jenny Bell in Service; Ireland as a Flax-Growing Country, 247.
Chap. II., A Country Visiter, page 666. Irish Church, The, Position and Claims of,
To be continued.

618.
Biographers, Shakespeare's, 3.
British Columbia, A Cruise about, 482. Judicial Oath, The, 654.
British Newspaper, The: The Penny Theory
and its Solution, 361.

La Bruyere, Gresset, and Rochefoucauld,
British Provincial Press, The Political and

399.
Social Value of, 371.

Lady May's Mystery,-a Tale, 107.
Brittany, Glimpses of, 286.

Lament for Donnybrook, A, by the Last

Minstrel of the Liberty, 331.
Catastrophe, A Patrician, 324.

Lancashire Relief, Emigration as an Agency
Catullus, Part I., 539; Part II., 673.

of, 595..
Census Returns, The Irish ; as affecting the Legalia, the Judicial Oath, 654.
Irish Church, 618.

Leinster Folk-Lore, No. VI., 81.
Change, Agricultural in Ireland, traced, Life and Eccentricities of George Sand, 217.
238.

Life and Genius of Voltaire, 93.
Character of Lord Raglan, 269.

Life in Russia, Sketches, 349.
Circy, Voltaire in, 168.

Lines by Hon. Mrs. Norton to the Rev.
Contrast of Ireland in 1841 and 1861, with Edward Coleridge, 150.

reference to National Prosperity, 244, 245. Literature, Macaronic, 379.

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LITTLE FLAGGS — The Alms-house Found- 284 ; A Lament for Donnybrook-a Lay

ling. Part II.-Chap. IX., A Letter from of the Last Minstrel of the Liberty,
Tilby; Chap. X., The Halting Place; 331 ; Songs of Ulster, in many Moods,
Chap. XI., Richard Drover's Business No. II.-"Dirty Water and Clean," by
at Tilby; Chap. XII., Away from the Francis Davis, 347; “ The Love Letter
Alms-house ; Chap. XIII., The Arrival -a Fairy Drama," by T. Irwin, 461;
at the Inn; Chap. XIV., The Manor, Rustic Minstrelsy and Indigenous Bal-
page 69. Part III.-Chap. XV., George lad Poetry of Ireland, 442 ; Songs of
Raynor ; Chap. XVI., Arthur Hopton ; Ulster, No. III.-"No Jock without a
Chap. XVII., An Unwelcome Guest; Jenny," by Francis Davis, 586.
Chap. XVIII., Perplexity ; Chap. XIX., Position and Claims of the Irish Church,
Mr. Raynor causes Surprise, page 188. The, considered, 618.
Part IV.-Chap. XX., The Writing in Potsdam, Voltaire in, 168.
the Book; Chap. XXI., A Letter ; Lord Preaching, Modern, as an Art and an In-
Dulheadie; Chap. XXII., David Wynne fluence, 131.
gets into Disgrace; Chap. XXIII., Mary Professor Cairnes on America, Our Answer
Flaggs continues her Reading; Chap. to, 604.
XXIV., Distress of Mind; Chap. XXV.,
The Escape, page 301 ; Chap. XXVI.,

REVIEWS :-“ Five Months on the Yang-
Two Letters ; Chap. XXVII., A Re-

tsze," by Thomas W. Blakiston, late
markable Meeting ; Chap. XXVIII., Dis-

Captain R.A., 24; “Female Life in
closures of Crime; Chap. XXIX., Mr.

Prison,” by á Prison Matron, 120;
Lipwell; Interview with David Wynne;

“Charge of the Bishop of London in
Chap. XXX., The Winding-up, page 1862;" "Preachers and Preaching-a
415.

Critique, with Practical Hints," by a

* Dear Hearer,". 131; “Irish Census
Macaronic Literature, its Curiosities, 379.

and Agricultural Reports -- the West of
Machiavelli, Niccolo, a Study of, 485.

Ireland: its Existing Condition and
Mackerel, Yatching for, at Guernsey, 233.

Prospects ;" “ The Manufacturing Capa-
Manon, by Herr Vanderhaussen, 587.

bilities of Ireland," 238; “ The In-
Manufacturing Promise in Ireland, its

vasion of the Crimea," by A. W.
directions indicated, 238.

Kinglake, 259; “ Macaronéana Andra,
Mildrington, the Barrister, reviewed, 703.

overum Nouveaux Mélanges de Littéra-
Minstrelsy, Rustic, in Ireland, 442.

ture Macaronique," par Octave Déle-
Missionary Efforts and Progress of the Irish

pierre, 379; "Lives of the Engineers,"
Church, 618.

by Samuel Smiles, 405; “ Travels in
Modern Novel and Romance, an Essay on,

British Columbia,” by Captain C. E.
436.

Barrett-Lennard, 482; "History of
Modern Preaching as an Art and an

the Reformation in Europe in the time of
Influenoe, 131.

Calvin,” by T. H. Merle D'Aubigne,
Mystery, Lady May's--a Tale, 107.

vols. 1 and 2; "Geneva and France;"

“ The Life, Labours, and Writings of
Novels, Reviewed :-"Chronicles of Carling Calvin," by Felix Bungener, 568;

ford,” by Mrs. Oliphant-"A Daughter “The Slave Power," by J. E. Cairnes,
of Eve," by Hain Friswell—“Mildring M.A., second edition, 604; “The
ton the Barrister "-" The House by the Taeping Rebellion in China," by Com-
Church-yard "_"Barrington,” by Char mander Lindesay Brine, R.N., F. R.A.S.,
les Lever-"Thalatta "-" David El 30; “The Irish Convict System,” by
gin brod,” by George Macdonald "Lady Baron Von Holtzendorff, of Berlin, 125;
Audley's Secret," by Miss Braddon - “On the Cultivation of Cotton in Italy,"
“Orley Farm," by Mr. Trollope—“No by M. Devincenzi, 252; “Chronicles
Name," by Wilkie Collins.

of Carlingford,” by Mrs. Oliphant, 437;

"A Daughter of Eve,” by Hain Friswell,
Old Recollections and Modern Contrasts, 439; “ The House by the Church-
by an Octogenarian, 428.

yard,” 441; "Mildrington the Bar-

rister," 703; Archdeacon Stopford on
Patrician Adventure and Catastrophe, 324. the Redistribution of the Revenues of the
Peculiarities of Irish Emigration, 240, Irish Church, 618.
241.

Roman Catholic Prelates, The “ Declara-
Penal System, the English; its Failure and tions" of, on the Irish Church, 618.
its Vices, 116.

Russian Sketches of Russian Life, 349.
POEMS:-Lines to the Rev. Edward Cole-

ridge, Rector of Maple-Durham, by the
Hon. Mrs. Norton, 150; Duan Na Sand, George, Life, Eccentricities, and
Claev-the Legend of the Glaive, by Literature of, 217.
Hyacinth Con Carolan, 210; Abhrain Sark and Guernsey, Yachting for Mackerel
an Bhuideil—the Song of the Bottle of off, 233.
Whiskey, by Hyacinth Con Carolan, Shakespeare, his Biographers and Critics, 3.

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