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“I see,” said the youth, bitterly; in Mr. Franklyn's parlour. There you wish to huddle me out of the should always be strict confidence way, as quickly as possible-I and my between lovers. He told her eagerly; marriage. You wish to get rid of us. then seeing that he came out of it a And yet, let me tell you, it is your little awkwardly, as one who was not own fault-all- for you were always too eager to hurry on the marriage, telling me not to value money for its he' stopped and grew embarrassed. own sake, and all that sort of thing, * They were in such a tremendous and here now, I choose a good and hurry, Jenny, for it-you know there virtuous girl”

is no need for our rushing into a “My dear boy," said Mr. Franklyn, thing of this sort. I must look about mildly, “ you have done well, not as me. I must have time--it's very well as I could wish, but still all will hard ;” and he got red and confused. turn out well I trust."

“And your sister,” said Jenny,“she “Then, again, what are all these was naturally anxious we should wait hints about ruin and misfortune? I'm a little ? So I thought." sure I was always led to think we “On the contrary," said he, “she were well off-splendidly off ; and was most eager for it.” now it turns out”

“Ah,” said Jenny, “so I thought “You were warned in time, Charles ; -so I thought; naturally so.' it is too late now. Three weeks-this The youth did not see this little day three weeks. Go and speak to contradiction in his Jenny's reception Jenny about it."

of his news, for to say the truth he The youth went, but not to speak had not a very logical mind. to Jenny. He took his hat and "And don't you think, Charles, dear," stick, and went out-wandered about said Jenny, in a very wheedling way, moodily for some hours, slashing “it would be about prudent to follow branches and bushes impatiently. It our dear Charlotte's advice for your is wonderful what a world of destruc- own sake, leaving me out of the question he did during that time.

tion? I can see, dearest Charles, that Two days went over from that day. in this house, just at this moment, The third brought young Mr. Charles you are-what shall I say?-uncoma letter from his army agent. Would fortable—in a sort of doubtful way. he be inclined to enter into a treaty Consider it now, just for your own for an exchange? There was Lieu- sake.” tenant Cogdyse, for whom the moral The youth coloured up. “What, temperature of his own corps had are you at it too? What are you all grown too close, and which he was persecuting me for in this way? I willing to exchange for the more must say I didn't expect it, after all stifling physical air of India. There the sacrifices I have" were pecuniary advantages too in the He stopped, and indeed would have transaction on the side of the youth. been a brute to go on, for there came It was very unexpected and very from the now outraged Jenny a sigh little looked for; so henceforth there --such a sigh! sank down on a was an end of going out to the tropics chair and turned away her face. and dying there. This awkward alter- The youth's heart was touched. native was cut off, which was a relief. “Forgive me, Jenny,” he said ;“ they Yet strange to say, he did not mention worry me so. There--there now-I the proposal to any one, for that day didn't mean it." at least, but kept the letter carefully Jenny got cheerful in a moment, in his pocket. The fact was, this for she had wonderful control in her Charles was no more than a boy-a emotions, and she saw, perhaps, that mere boy. But half a dozen years ago, the duty of soothing was fatiguing he was greedy for a toy, and within her young lover. They made it up, an hour was breaking it up.

but he went his way thoughtfully, as Jenny Bell, we may be pretty sure, was his wont, out into the open air, asked him concerning that interview as had latterly become his fancy.

CATULLUS,

PART I.

The life of Catullus, like those of the the original; if the writer has preearlier Latin writers who flourished served the meaning and spirit, he has before the race of anecdote collectors fulfilled the object he had in view. who appeared during the Augustine English literature, as yet, is singularly period, has passed almost wholly un- deficient in good poetic translations recorded by the muse of biography. from the classic authors, all of whom Of the first satirists, epists, and dra- have lost their antique air in their matic poets, we know scarcely any- modern dress, a circumstance for thing, and such data as exist respect- which there are many causes ;-first, ing the first Lyric poet of Rome might the want of conformity between the be concentrated within the space of genius of the translators and their an epitaph. When we have stated originals; secondly, the diverse charthat he was born at Verona (87, B.C.), acter of the respective languages : in the scion of a patrician family ;-that English, the grammatical construction at the invitation of Manlius, one of is logical; in Greek and Latin, imathe last of the illustrious Torquati, ginative; add to this, the simplicity, he became resident in Rome in his alternately charming and austere, twentieth year;—that at a later, but which, in festal or graver composiuncertain period, he accompanied tions, distinguishes the antique cast of Memmius, who was appointed Pro- mind, and the metrical peculiarities consul of Bithynia, to that province, of the poems written in the ancient and passed several years in the Asian tongues. Were translations elabocities;--that on his return, little im- rated in the metres of the Grecian proved in fortune, he resided alter- and Roman poets, they would at least nately in the capital, at Tibur, and exhibit the antique verisimilitude deon an estate he possessed on the Sir- pendent on similarity of form, but mian peninsula in Lake Benachus ;-* for the above reasons immense diffithat he had a mistress, supposed to culties attend their execution, even be the sister of Clodius, to whom he were the writers equal in genius, and has addressed many poems under the capable of treating their subject with name of Lesbia, in honour, as Vossius the same fresh grasp, insight, and conjectures, of the Lesbian Sappho, creative spontaneity with which the whose verses hedelighted to imitate;- original author was inspired. The and that he died in the prime of man- best effects, indeed, which translators hood (47, B.C.), we have well-nigh of Grecian and Roman poetry, workexhausted such authentic data as ing under the natural obstacles alludremain respecting his career.

ed to, can produce, will be found to reInstead, therefore, of indulging in semble the music of a lyre or trumpet wearisome discussion on such few imitated on an inferior instrument. facts connected with his life as scholiasts have gleaned from the

HISTORIC PRELUDE. pages of contemporary and succeedent The period in which Catullus, writers, let us pursue the more agree- quitting his birthplace, Verona, took able task of presenting a few slight up his residence in Rome (67, B.C.), etchings of his epoch, the localities was one in which the great city prewhich he visited and in which he re- sented an aspect of more than ordinary sided, and of the life of this remote turbulence, misery, and splendour. period in Italy and Asia ; and then, The intestine disorganization of offering a brief estimate of his genius, society, resulting from the servile and superadd a few freely-translated ren- social wars, was still everywhere apderings from such poems as appear parent. A licentious soldiery, the most meritorious and illustrative. disbanded armies of Pompey, en

Our selections from the verses of riched with the plunder of Greece Catullus do not, in all instances, and Asia, thronged the city, and inassume to be literal translations of fused their spirit into the great body

* The Lago di Guarda.

of the citizens. The tyranny of the half-naked comrade in the uncouth knights and nobles was at its height, accents of the Celt; there the vivaand the hatred of the vast servilé cious Iberian, clothed in bracchæ and population, who had lately become plaid scarf; the savage Briton, tattooed aware of their dangerous power, only with blue war-paint; there some awaited the direction of a leading stately senator on his way to the mind to impel them once more into Capitol, --some jocose tribune chatrevolution. The wars of centuries, ting to a mob, or some knight or noble, and especially those of years imme- horsed or in chariot, guarded by his diately preceding, had more than de- band of slaves, proceeding to the cimated the stern, strong Latin race, theatre or Campus Martius. whose valorous virtues had created Among the leading men, all of and preserved the republic; Rome whom foresaw the approach of a had become a colony of the nations crisis, in which the government of she conquered; and the perpetual the state would fall to the lot of the problem presented to her governing most powerful, might be seen Pompey, class, was to retain their existence by just returned in all the pomp of alternately draining off in external glory from his naval victories in the wars, and amusing with feasts, shows, Propontis, the Syrian and Mediterand largesse, the immense community ranean seas, along whose coasts he of slaves, which already constituted had exterminated those pirate hordes the bulk of her people, and the fierce which formed the residue of the plebs, by whom they were surrounded. terrible armies of Mithridates ;—the Festa, forca, farina-such was the lively Cicero with grave, symmetrical programme of domestic government. brow and versatile eyes, the type of

Never, perhaps, had time witnessed genius and vanity ; --Crassus also, in one city so many discordant and obese and pompous, rolling past in dangerous elements, so many races, his chariot, covered with sumptuous religions, modes and customs of life, draperies, and contemptuously confimingling and contrasting, as the dent that Rome must soon succumb rude old Capital of Victory then ex- to the omnipotency of money; yonhibited. There might be seen crowds der bent figure, with square flat of lively Greek adventurers, sophists, head and disdainful lip, garbed in a painters, sculptors, rhetoricians, toga ostentatiously patched, who just crowding the gardens and porticoes, now emerges from the shadow of a and scarcely restraining their con- temple wall, is Cato, the type of old tempt for the barbarian civilization Roman character-a man who, as of their conquerors; there, too, hosts Paterculus says, seemed virtue itself of Orientals who had flocked to Rome --who never acted nobly for fame's after the Mithridatic wars, and those sake, but because he could not do of Judea ;--- Egyptians, Armenians, otherwise ;-Cato, to whom that only Medians, captives and traffickers from appeared rational which was just, and the borders of the Euxine and Cas- who, as he was inaccessible to vice, pian, from the shores of Africa and had fortune always in his power. the Indian sea. There the dusk- There are also many other men who faced tributary prince of Asia, typify the stormy declinatium of the glittering in silk and jewels, passed in republican age. Through yonder his litter to the temple of Cybele gloomy street, whose vast piles of along the Sacred Way; among whose poverty -stricken houses form the white-robed multitudes might be habitations of the slaves and reprobate seen the black Phænician merchant refuse of Rome, behold yonder man hastening to the Forum; the priest of with bloodshot eyes and desperate, Memphis pacing toward the shrine of despairing face, move with slow unAnubis ; the rude Cilician pirate; the certain step-it is Cataline. Watching savage Scythian shepherd, the gigan- and wine, however, have not abated tic Gaulish gladiator, yellow-haired the energy of his iron frame, and he and blue-eyed, seamed with the blows is on his way to the Capitoline, primof the cestus or claws of the lion, ed with some incendiary harangue. strutting to some wine-shop near the See*-a tall figure with pale withered amphitheatre, and chattering to his face and black sparkling eyes is ascending the hundred steps to the the north-west, between the FlamiSenate house, a tribune and priest on nian Way, which extends along the either side, both of whom he is enter- garden-covered Pincian and Quirinal taining with promises and flattery. hills and the river, spaces the Campus It is Ciesar, friend of Cicero, favourite Martius, in which companies of solof the people ; foe of the optimates diers and groups of Roman youth and equites, as yet he is but Pontifex are performing their evolutions and Maximus, but in a little time he will engaged in athletic exercises, and gain the appointment of his province, from which the plumed smoke of and by conquering the barbarian several funeral pyres ascends the hot West, achieve his long contemplated clear sky. To the north-east the project of subjugating Rome, and so spacious Campagna, crossed by roads grasping the sceptre of the world. and aqueducts, spotted with sheep

* Suetonius has sketched the traditional portrait of Cæsar. “Eccelsa statura traditur fuisse, nigris vegitisque oculis, ore paulo pleniore," &c.

Let us follow those groups of white- drifted pastures, and sprinkled with robed figures who are ascending the white villages and villas, extends its hundred steps which lead to the old purple undulations to the Volscian Senate house of Rome on the Capito- and Sabine hills. To the north the line, and from this, the highest of the umbrageous Tiburine uplands; beyond seven hills, take a coup d'oeil of the the keen purple edges of the Apencity, which still massed upon and nines. To the cast and north the around the Capitoline, Quirinal, Sabine mountains and steep, gray Aventine, and Palatine ridges, strag- Soracte. To the south-east the Alban gles away over the Cælian, Esquiline, mountains, with leafy Algidus and and Pincian. Immediately beneath Nemi, and numerous white villagesrise the temples of Jove, Juno, Min- chief among them Tusculum-scattererva--pillared structures, of greater ed over their sides and summits. magnitude than those of Greece, but The chief bustle of the city is less noble in their architecture and confined to its western districts ; a ornamentation. Numerous public ceaseless din rises from the crowded buildings cover the Capitoline, whose Suburra ; hundreds of waggons, charprecipitous sides still give the charac- iots, and litters are passing between ter of a fastness to the old cradle of the piles of lofty houses, and from the the gens Togata: underneath, to the river side is heard the clamour of east, is the Triumphal Gate ; to the boatmen and sailors, while rural quiet south, still crested by a patch of reigns on the more distant hills, whose dark 'wood, the precipitous sides of groves and gardens repose airily in the Tarpeian rock, from whose summit the sunshine. the river is seen hurrying turbidly There, along the Via Latina, a marunder its five bridges, and encircling riage train, with flutes and timbrels, the Tiburine island ; while beyond precedes the bride in her famestretch the undulating crests of the coloured veil ; there goes a funeral Janiculine, intersected by ravines and procession, likewise headed by musirugged valleys, shadowed by patches cians. Beneath the monument of of forest, and covered with an over- Marius, a tribune is addressing the growth of wild boscage; and still people; there some senator marches further to the south the Vatican, bare stately along, attended by his guard and gray. That open pillared space of lictors. The Forum is crowded between the Capitoline and Palatine with a motley population. There, in a is the Forum, with its arched porticoes wooden enclosure, a number of slaves, and rows of shops, thronged by the Africans, Gauls, and Germans, with greasy masses of the plebs, and above chalked feet, are exposed for sale ; ranges of judgment halls, basilica, there a shipwrecked wretch, with a and other structures of the common- picture of his disaster on his back, wealth. From this spot extend the appeals for alms to the crowd hurrygreat roads which only terminate ing to the circus, by whose portal a with the limits of Roman conquests; cluster of women from the Orontes that to the west reaches to the Pil- are seen in flowing robes and painted lars of Hercules ; that to the north mitres. Hark to the rattle of the passes to Thrace, Syria, and the Eu- drums beaten by that disordered phrates. They are raised above the throng advancing to the temple of plain, and are dotted with inns, each Cybele--that shout is from the Circus a day's journey apart, from each. To Maximus, where the rapid charioteers

BITHYNLA.

are contending in the race ;-another! retained a national existence among -it is from the amphitheatre. Hark the populations of western Asia. how the circling cheers re-echo as the Thus in the age of Catullus, while fierce tumultuous assembly, with up- commerce was in the hands of the turned thumbs, devote a gladiator to Greeks and Orientals, and governdeath! Yonder, too, may be seen ment in that of the Romans, the some white-stoled matron proceeding Gauls constituted the native army of in her litter to the temple of Juno to Bithynia. pray for an heir; yonder, along the Judging from the accounts of traVia Sacra, swaggers a Roman dandy, vellers, Bithynia must be a beautiful smooth-shaven, white-robed, stream- country. Its physical features are ing with unguents, with hair shorter those of smooth, level, green plains, than his eyebrows, sweating under the intervalled by limestone mountains, weight of his summer ring, followed which rise like islands from a sea of by a pack of fierce Molossian dogs. verdure; those to the east covered with The hot day domes oppressively over forests of birch, bay, and oak; to the the city, but in the neighbouring west with thickets of rhododendron, country the air breathes fresh from oleander, arbutus, myrtle, box, and the snowy-crested Apennines, and the cistus, while the ground is covered first fig colours in the heat.

with a perpetual carpet of violet, crocus, primrose, and anemony. The grandest scenery is near the Olympic

chain, on the northern slope of whose BITHYNIA, at the period when Catul- stupendous snow-topped pyramid, the lus visited that Roman dependency, city of Prusa, watered on the east must have presented a singular and by the river Hortensius, stood. In interesting union of Western and ancient times Prusa, which was famous Asiatic life, of Greek civilization, and for its warm springs, rivalled the barbaric Oriental luxury. To the west, other Bithynian cities, Lampascus, along the Troad, the Tucrian race, Nicea, and Nicomedia, in magnificence. who perished in the conflict between One can fancy the effect of this sumpAsia and Europe, had been succeeded tuous city, with its amphitheatre by Ionian colonies. Long before that fronting the harbour, its great necroperiod, however, Greek migration had polis above the river; its multitude of covered the country and coasts as far temples, baths, libraries, in the snowy as Caria with Achaian and Doric marble architecture of Greece, emcities, and Hellenized the Bithynians, bosomed in the groves of the lower who were originally a Thracian peo- slope, and calmly resting in the subple (the Thyni), occupying the region lime presence of the great mountain; as far as Nicomedia. Bithynia also its cultivated plain to the north inwas the seat of an extensive Gaulish tersected by long roads, and crossed by colonization, which commenced 230 long ranges of aqueduct arches;-overB.C., contemporary with the invasion head, the snowy valleys of Olympus, of Rome under Brennus, and which reflecting every hue of the sky, and reached north and south between pencilled with rose, gold, and azure Olympus and Caria. Among the shadows. Let us endeavour to recontribes were the Tectosages, the Tolisto- struct a panorama of Prusa and its bogi, and Trocmi, and it was by life in those old days, and take a banding this people, who long resisted glimpse of its streets and population the influence of Greek civilization, at the period when Catullus was into his armies, that Nicomedes, whose resident therein. authority was originally limited to the northern principality which bears his

name, extended his power as far as Prusa and Scamburus. In Upper YONDER, by the fountain, under the Phrygia, also, the Gauls had long been steps of the Forum, a number of merestablished; and there retained their chants from the coasts and the cities customs and language for many ages. of the interior, --Cilicians, CappadoIt was to the descendants of this cians, Pamphylians, in long robes, "stiff-necked” people that St. Paul with jewels sparkling in their cars addressed his epistle; who, even in the and on their hands,---arranging their epoch of St. Jerome, appear to have barter of corn, fruit, or wool, converse

BITHYNIAN SCENE.

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