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Ps. xxiii. Zech. ix.

not merely the Cup which above what is human; and overfloweth, it is man who the word expresses at once is overflowed; so that the the abundant influx of the ancient Version comes to Divine graces into the soul", the same result, Poculum whereby it is no longer itmeum inebrians.' For the self, and it pictures that imperfect,' says St. Am- state hereafter wherein the brose 5, is the draught of Saints shall be filled and milk, for the perfect the overflowed with God. When table of refreshment, of again, in words immediately which he said, "Thou hast preceding a Sacramental prepared a table before Prophecy of Zechariah, alme,' where is the Living ready referred to, it is said, Bread, i. e. The Word of they shall drink, and make God; where is the oil of a joyful noise as through sanctification, whereby the wine; they shall be filled head of the righteous is like bowls, as the corner made fat, and his inner of the altar7,' one cannot sense is strengthened, doubt, with what Altar that where also is the inebriat- Wine is connected which is ing cup, whereby sins are also Blood, whereby themwashed away or effaced. selves also become an Altar, Good is the ebriety of the offering' the spiritual sasaving Cup!' And so when crifice of themselves, their it says, they shall drink souls, their bodies unto' largely of the fulness of God; and that transport of Thy House, and Thou shalt surpassing joy, wherewith make them drink of the the heart danceth and canriver of Thy pleasures,' to not contain itself, is again drink what is Divine must fitly expressed by the word needs transport a person inebriated 9.' And so even,

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5 In Ps. xxxv. § 19.

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6 See St. Ambrose quoted above. only the streams of Divine teaching, the mystical Food."-Theod. ad loc. 7 Zech. ix. 15.



Comp. Prov. xxi.

"Thereby he intendeth, not but also the participation of

8 Communion Service. 1. "strong_drink (7) is raging," E. V.; of other evil tumult of mind, Prov, vii. 11. ix. 13; of spiritual love, Cant. v. 4. My heart (1) sprang towards Him," or was moved for Him," E. V. Vulg. inebriabantur. "In the Hebrew we read, 'drinking shall be inebriated as with wine,'

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Ps. lxv. as explained by Fathers.

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in remoter passages, where heaven, and returneth not the Psalmist says, "Thou thither, but watereth the visitest the earth and mak- earth, so shall His Word est it to overflow1, Thou be that goeth forth out of greatly refreshest it, Thou His Mouth;' in the words preparest their corn, when of St. Ambrose ", 'When He so Thou preparest her' (to hath, by Divine preaching, receive it), Thou makest inebriated the veins of our her furrows to drink large- earth, or soul and mind, ly;' we may well say with He awakeneth earnestness St. Hilary, This earth for different virtues, and which we employ is not maketh to grow the fruits enriched, but enricheth with of faith and pure devotion, the fulness of its fruits. The whence truly it is said to words then belong not to Him, Thou visitest the her which has no sense of earth and inebriatest it;' being enriched and whose for, by taking our flesh, office is to enrich. God He visited, that He might then visited the earth, i. e. heal the sick; He inebriatthe birth of the human ed with spiritual joy, that race.' And St. Augustine, He might, by His pleasant'Whence did He inebriate ness, soothe the harassed.' the earth? Thy inebriating "It belongs to the fulCup, how excellent is it!' ness only of conformity of And this the more, since things earthly with heaHoly Scripture speaks in venly, that this Spiritual like way, that the Eternal Wine, too, dispels man's Word cometh down like anxiety, not to return more rain upon the mown grass,' heavily, but removing it, that as the rain cometh and there succeedeth the down and the snow from joy of Heaven, which en


so as to bear out that of the Song of Songs, Drink, my friends, and be inebriated.' And so will their inebriation be acceptable as the sacrifice of the altar, and as the horns or corners of the altar." S. Jer. ad loc.



2 ad loc. § 13. He adds, § 14, "We too have a food prepared. -That Food in Whom we are prepared for the participation of God, being by the Communion of the Holy Body to be placed hereafter in the communion of the holy body (the Church which shall see God).' 3 ad loc. 4 Ps. lxxii. 6. 5 Isa. lv. 10, 11. 6 In Ps. cxviii. lit. 13. § 24.

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160 Inebriated," in the Fathers, to forget sin, sorrow.

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vieth not the Blessed An-Blessed inebriation,' says gels.' Because the in- St. Ambrose, which inebriation of the Cup and fuseth joy, bringeth not Blood of the Lord is not confusion; blessed inebriasuch as the inebriation of tion, which stablisheth the this world's wine, when the walk of the sober mind; Holy Spirit said, in the blessed inebriation, which Psalm, Thy inebriating bedeweth with the gift of Cup,' he added, how good life eternal. Drink, then, is it; because, in truth, that Cup whereof the Prothe Cup of the Lord so in- phet speaks, Thy inebriatebriates them that drink it ing Cup, how excellent is as to make them sober, as it.' Drink Christ, because to bring back their minds He is the Vine; drink Christ, to spiritual wisdom, so that because He is the Rock each should recover from which poured out water; this world's savour to the drink Christ, because He perception of God. And is the Fountain of Life ; as, by that common wine, drink Christ, because He is the mind is set free, and the stream whose flowing the soul relaxed, and all gladdeneth the city of God; sadness laid aside, so when drink Christ, because He is the Blood of the Lord and peace; drink Christ, bethe saving Cup hath been cause out of His bowels drunk, the memory of the shall flow rivers of living old man is laid aside, and water; drink Christ, that forgotten is the former thou mayest_drink the worldly conversation; and Blood wherewith thou wert the sad and sorrowful breast redeemed; drink Christ, which before was oppressed that thou mayest drink His by the choking sense of words; His word is the sin, is now set free by the Old Testament, His word joy of Divine forgiveness.' is the New Testament.

7 S. Cypr. Ep. 65. ad Cæcil. § 9.

8 In Ps. i. § 33. The immediate context is of Holy Scripture, but so the Fathers ever pass from the word to the Word. See further in Ps. cxviii. 1. c. "Blessed inebriation, which maketh the mind in a way to go forth out of itself to things more excellent and joyous, that our mind, forgetting anxieties, may be gladdened with the wine of pleasantness. Excellent inebriation of the spiritual Table." Ib. in Ps. cxviii. lib. xxi. § 4. p. 1239. S. Hil. in Ps. lxiv. § 15. Theodoret in Ps. xxii. (xxiii.) 5.

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The world's ways and wickedness, in holy love and joy. 161 "And so also there may

Drink, then, speedily, that |

a great light' (Is. ix. 1, 2) be some intrinsic corresponmay dawn upon thee, not dence between the earthly an every-day light, not of and typical elements and the the day, not the sun, not heavenly Gifts; earthly inthe moon, but that light ebriation may have the same which removeth the 'sha- relation to heavenly, as dow of death!' 'The Psalm- earthly passion to heavenly ist,' says St. Augustine, love, man's anger to the 'sought a word whereby, Divine wrath; and the inthrough human things, he ebriating qualities of the might express what he earthly substance, to which would say, and because he ancient and modern heretics saw men immersing them- have objected, not only have selves in excessive drink, their mystical meaning, but receive wine without mea- may have some mysterious sure, and lose their minds, propriety; and since this he saw what he should say, language is especially used because, when that ineffable of the gift of the Cup, it is joy shall be received, the to be feared that they, on human is in a manner lost, the whole, suffer some very and becometh Divine, and special loss, from whom is is inebriated with the rich- withheld Calix Tuus ineness of the House of God.' brians quam peroptimus."" Let no one look to be Thus, this very expresinebriated, yea, let every sion, which has been cited by one; Thy inebriating Cup, so many, as though I were how excellent is it. We unfaithful to the Church of would not say, let no one England, is an expression be inebriated.' Be inebri- uniformly used by the Faated; but see well where- thers in reference to the with. If the excellent Cup Cup, which is given to all of the Lord inebriateth you, in the Church of England. that inebriation will be seen It points to some special in your works, in the holy gift bestowed in the Cup. love of righteousness, in That there is such a special the alienation of your mind, gift, is acknowledged by but from things earthly to some eminent Roman CaHeaven.' tholic writers, and is said to

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9 In Ps. xxxv. § 14.
1 S. Aug. in Ps. ciii. Enarr. 3. § 13.


162 Language, popularly alleged as Roman, relates to the

have been the opinion of all pears to have been added, assembled at the Council of no grace necessary;'" and Trent, and to be tacitly im- this, Vazquez adds, “on plied by that very Council, the ground that the comhowever it may have been mand to communicate was more frequently denied by fulfilled by the reception of more recent Roman Catho- one kind only." He notices lics. also, that this Council, alVazquez and Lugo3 (both though it says "Christ, of great reputation as Ro- whole and entire, is received man Catholic writers) both under one kind only,” does admit that it is the more not say that "the entire (inprobable opinion that there tegrum) sacrament,” but “a is some special gift in the true (verum) sacrament is Cup. Lugo says, that received:" and he sums up "Franc. Blanco, Archbishop this part by saying, “We of Compostella 4, who was grant that, according to this present at the Council of our opinion, the laity, to Trent, said, that such was whom one kind is denied, the unanimous opinion of are deprived of some grace, the fathers [there], but that yet not necessary to salvathey were unwilling to de- tion, and that this the Counfine it inopportunely, lest cil did not mean to deny.” an occasion of outcry should They cite, moreover, Clebe given to the heretics; ment VI. (A.D. 1341), who wherewith agree the words granted the Cup to a king of the Council itself (Sess. of France, "ad majorem gra21, c. 3), where it is cauti- tiæ augmentum," "to the ously said, 'as pertains to greater increase of grace;" the fruit, they are deprived "therefore," adds Lugo, of no grace necessary to sal-" because both kinds give vation who receive one kind more grace than one." only.' It did not say absolutely no grace,' but no grace necessary to salvation,' where, not without reason, that expression ap

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2 In 3 disp. 215.

3 De Sacr. Euch. Disp. 12. s. 3.

Lugo dwells upon our Lord's own words, in which He speaks not of His Flesh only, but of His Blood. "Christ said not, 'My Flesh

4 Lugo says that he is spoken of, though not named, by Henriquez, de Euch. 1. 8. c. 44, § 5, in marg.

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